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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614466/prevalence-of-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-among-women-in-two-english-speaking-caribbean-countries
#1
Glennis Andall-Brereton, Eulynis Brown, Sherian Slater, Yvette Holder, Silvana Luciani, Merle Lewis, Beryl Irons
Objective: To characterize high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in a sample of women in two small English-speaking Caribbean countries: Saint Kitts and Nevis and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Methods: Sexually active women ≥ 30 years old attending primary care health facilities participated in the study. Each participant had a gynecological examination, and two cervical specimens were collected: (1) a specimen for a Papanicolaou (Pap) test and (2) a sample of exfoliated cervical cells for HPV DNA testing, using the HPV High Risk Screen Real-TM (Sacace)...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580578/cervical-cancer-in-women-under-25%C3%A2-years-of-age-in-queensland-australia-to-what-extent-is-the-diagnosis-made-by-screening-cytology
#2
REVIEW
Edwina L Morgan, Karen Sanday, Alison Budd, Ian G Hammond, James Nicklin
INTRODUCTION: The current Australian National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) involves biennial, cytology-based screening of women from the age of 18 years. From December, 2017 this will change to a five-yearly human papilloma virus-based screening commencing at age 25. There is some concern that the new program may delay the opportunistic detection of cervical cancers in women under 25 years. AIM: (1) To review all cases of invasive cervical cancer in Queensland women under the age of 25 over the last 28 years...
June 4, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580567/cytohistological-discrepancies-of-cervico-vaginal-smears-and-hpv-status
#3
İbrahim Alanbay, Mustafa Öztürk, Fahri Burçin Fıratlıgil, Kazım Emre Karaşahin, Müfit Cemal Yenen, Serkan Bodur
OBJECTIVES: Discrepancies between abnormal cervical cytology or high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) status (cytolo-gy negative/HPV positive) and subsequent histological findings are a common occurrence. After using co-testing, the dis-crepancies between the HR-HPV status and cervical cytology have become an issue. In this study, we aimed to determine the characteristics of women with a discrepancy between histology and cytology/HR-HPV status, in terms of diagnosis, review and identification...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541229/deeppap-deep-convolutional-networks-for-cervical-cell-classification
#4
Ling Zhang, Le Lu, Isabella Nogues, Ronald Summers, Shaoxiong Liu, Jianhua Yao
Automation-assisted cervical screening via Pap smear or liquid-based cytology (LBC) is a highly effective cell imaging based cancer detection tool, where cells are partitioned into "abnormal" and "normal" categories. However, the success of most traditional classification methods relies on the presence of accurate cell segmentations. Despite sixty years of research in this field, accurate segmentation remains a challenge in the presence of cell clusters and pathologies. Moreover, previous classification methods are only built upon the extraction of hand-crafted features, such as morphology and texture...
May 19, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539298/-fine-needle-aspiration-cell-pathology-for-diagnosis-of-intrathoracic-extramedullary-hematopoiesis-presenting-as-a-posterior-mediastinal-tumor-a-case-report
#5
Jie Zhou, Tong Zhao, Min Deng
To study the feasibility of in a A patient with extramedullary hematopoiesis presenting as a posterior mediastinal tumor underwent fine-needle aspiration for cell pathology diagnosis. The primary locus of a posterior mediastinal extramedullary hematopoiesis was examined with Papanicolaou staining and HE staining, and the expressions of cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase, CD3, CD20, anaplastic lymphoma kinase, CD34, CD235a, myeloperoxidase, CD61, P53, CD30, S-100, CD1a, and Ki-67 with immunohistochemistry...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538217/the-significance-of-glandular-cells-on-conventional-cervicovaginal-smears-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-coastal-india
#6
Pooja K Suresh, Hema Kini, Jessica Minal, Neha Dhavalpure, Sridevi H Basavaiah, Deepa S Adiga, Laveena Maben
INTRODUCTION: Glandular lesions of the female genital tract (FGT) are quite uncommon compared to squamous lesions. Their cytological diagnosis is difficult because of their architectural and cytological complexity, as well as the lack of experience of many cytopathologists in this field. The aim of this study was to determine the significance of Papanicolaou (Pap) smears in the diagnosis of glandular FGT lesions. METHODOLOGY: All Pap smears reported during the period of January 2012 to December 2013 were retrieved...
2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487788/giant-condyloma-acuminatum-of-vulva-in-an-hiv-infected-woman
#7
Athanase Lilungulu, Bonaventura C T Mpondo, Abdallah Mlwati, Dismas Matovelo, Albert Kihunrwa, Balthazar Gumodoka
First described in 1925, giant condyloma acuminatum also known as Buschke-Löwenstein tumor (BLT) is a benign, slow-growing, locally destructive cauliflower-like lesion usually in the genital region. The disease is usually locally aggressive and destructive with a potential for malignant transformation. The causative organism is human papilloma virus. The most common risk factor is immunosuppression with HIV; however, any other cause of immunodeficiency can be a predisposing factor. We present a case of 33-year-old female patient, a known HIV patient on antiretroviral therapy for ten months...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479075/-pap-smear-before-25-years-old
#8
A Rousselin, L Dion, A Racin, V Lavoué, J Levêque, K Nyangoh Timoh
OBJECTIVES: Current French recommendations advocate cervical-vaginal screening for cervical cancer from age 25 whereas earlier screening is mostly found in current clinical practice although its consequences are not well understood. METHODS: A literature review using the MedLine database on the natural history of HPV infections, cytological screening, management of cytological and histological anomalies in adolescents and young women. RESULTS: The adolescent and young woman have some characteristics that distinguish them from adult women: a high prevalence of HPV infections (making the use of the HPV test unprofitable), accompanied by a higher clearance; frequency of minor cytological abnormalities (for which a cytological surveillance without colposcopy is sufficient) and low-grade histological lesions of low grade the usual prognosis of which is complete recovery; and rarity of CIN3 lesions and absence of invasive lesions, allowing no treatment in patients with CIN2 lesions and compliant to cytological and colposcopic surveillance...
May 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460538/timely-reminder-interventions-to-improve-annual-papanicolaou-pap-smear-rates-among-hiv-infected-women-in-an-outpatient-center-of-southern-nevada-a-short-report
#9
Vimala Ganta, Sheniz Moonie, Dina Patel, Aaron T Hunt, Jan Richardson, David Di John, Echezona E Ezeanolue
Current guidelines recommend annual Papanicolaou (Pap) smears for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women for cervical cancer screening. Rates for such screening in Nevada are below the national rate. Our cohort includes 485 eligible HIV-infected adult women from an outpatient center in Southern Nevada of which only 12 women had obtained a Pap smear in the past year. An intervention was conducted from June 2015 to September 2015, in which reminders to schedule a Pap smear were sent to the remaining cohort of 473 women via sequential text messaging, followed by phone call attempts...
May 2, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454338/ellagic-acid-and-annona-muricata-in-the-chemoprevention-of-hpv-related-pre-neoplastic-lesions-of-the-cervix
#10
Giulia Morosetti, Anna Angela Criscuolo, Flavia Santi, Carlo Federico Perno, Emilio Piccione, Marco Ciotti
Ellagic acid is a phenolic compound naturally present in nuts and berries. Several studies have demonstrated that this bioactive compound has antioxidant, chemopreventive and antiviral activity. Annona muricata is a type of fruit tree with a long history of traditional use. A number of properties have been attributed to different parts of the plant, including anticancer and antioxidant activities. In the current study, a complex based on ellagic acid, Annona Muricata and antioxidant factors (an ellagic acid complex) was administered to a group of human papilloma virus (HPV) infected women with and without cervical lesions, for 12 months...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450182/cervical-papanicolaou-smears-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients-high-prevalence-of-therapy-related-atypia-during-the-acute-phase
#11
Shan-Chi Yu, Huai-Hsuan Huang, Chi-Cheng Li, Jih-Luh Tang, Yi-Hsuan Lee, Tsui-Lien Mao, Kuan-Ting Kuo, Chien-Ting Lin, Jia-Hau Liu, Bor-Sheng Ko, Ming Yao
Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients have a higher risk of cervical cancer. Papanicolaou (Pap) smear is the standard tool for screening cervical cancer, but there is limited research about the cervical cytology in HSCT recipients. Here, we retrospectively included adult female patients who underwent allogeneic or autologous HSCT at National Taiwan University Hospital during 2009 to 2015 and reviewed their Pap smears before and after HSCT. There were 248 allogeneic and 131 autologous HSCT recipients in our study...
April 24, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#12
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391609/hpv-testing-in-first-void-urine-provides-sensitivity-for-cin2-detection-comparable-to-a-physician-taken-smear-or-brush-based-self-sample-cross-sectional-data-from-a-triage-population
#13
Annemiek Leeman, Marta Del Pino, Anco Molijn, Agata Rodriguez, Aureli Torné, Maurits de Koning, Jaume Ordi, Folkert van Kemenade, David Jenkins, Wim Quint
OBJECTIVES: To compare sensitivity of high-risk HPV (hrHPV) and genotype detection in self-collected morning (U1) and later (U2) urine samples, brush-based self-samples (SS) and physician-taken smears (PTS) for detecting CIN2+ in a colposcopic referral population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional single centre study. SETTING: A colposcopy clinic in Spain. POPULATION: 113 women referred for colposcopy after an abnormal Pap-smear...
April 9, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365957/psychological-effects-of-concurrent-cytology-and-colposcopy-testing-in-women-referred-to-cancer-counseling-outpatient-clinic-in-belgrade
#14
Ljiljana Markovic-Denic, Svetlana Popovac, Olivera Djuric, Zivko Perisic, Snezana Rakic
PURPOSE: To investigate the psychological effects of PAP smear and colposcopy performed simultaneously and receipt of abnormal tests' results on women's well-being and quality of life (QoL) using different relative questionnaires. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 324 women with abnormal PAP smear result obtained at the primary care centers, requiring repeat smear test and colposcopy in our hospital. Questionnaires regarding the patient demographic characteristics, 7-point Likert scales which indicate concern about the smear and colposcopy results and risk of developing cervical cancer, Bek Anxiety Inventory (BAI), European QoL questionnaire - Euro QoL (EQ-5D) and visual analogue scale (EQ VAS) were used...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272675/what-does-the-data-of-354-725-patients-from-turkey-tell-us-about-cervical-smear-epithelial-cell-abnormalities-the-epithelial-cell-abnormality-rate-is-increasing-quality-control-studies-and-corrective-activity-are-musts
#15
İlknur Çetinaslan Türkmen, Alp Usubütün, Aslı Çakir, Özlem Aydin, Filiz Aka Bolat, Metin Akbulut, Serdar Altinay, Sema Arici, Figen Aslan, Müzeyyen Astarci, Emine Kılıç Bağir, Yılmaz Baş, Nuray Başsüllü, Betül Çelik, Handan Çetiner, Bengü Çobanoğlu, Abdullah Aydin, Hale Demir, Hayriye Tatlı Doğan, Kamile Gülçin Eken, Selma Şengiz Erhan, Gülgün Erdoğan, Kıvılcım Eren Erdoğan, Funda Eren, Şafak Ersöz, Pınar Firat, İclal Gürses, Nihan Haberal, Dudu Solakoğlu Kahraman, Gülçin Harman Kamali, Yasemin Yuyucu Karabulut, Mehmet Kefeli, Meral Koyuncuoğlu, R Doğan Köseoğlu, Bahar Müezzinoğlu, Binnur Onal, Sevgen Önder, Zuhal Özcan, Elife Kimiloğlu, Hatice Özer, F Cavide Sönmez, Sevinç Şahin, Nurhan Şahin, Tülin Yalta
OBJECTIVE: There is no other screening program close to the success rate of PAP test. Cervical cytology constitutes a large workload so that quality control in cervical cytology is important for the quality assurance of pathology laboratories. MATERIAL AND METHOD: In this study, we collected the cervical cytology results from all over Turkey and discussed the parameters influencing the quality of the PAP test. The study was conducted with Turkish gynaecopathology working group and 38 centers (totally 45 hospitals) agreed to contribute from 24 different cities...
February 4, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224134/cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-south-africa-among-hiv-infected-migrant-farm-workers-and-sex-workers
#16
Omara Afzal, Molly Lieber, Peter Dottino, Ann Marie Beddoe
At an HIV clinic in the Limpopo province of South Africa, chart reviews revealed long delays in addressing abnormal Pap smears, difficulty in referrals, poor quality and lost results, and increasing cases of cervical cancer. To address these barriers, a "see and treat" approach to screening was proposed. The objective was to integrate this method into current HIV care offered by local providers and to obtain demographic and risk factor data for use in future educational and intervention programs in the region...
May 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213603/women-s-experiences-with-cervical-cancer-screening-in-a-colposcopy-referral-clinic-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-qualitative-analysis
#17
Mariette Momberg, Matthys H Botha, Frederick H Van der Merwe, Jennifer Moodley
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore and understand women's experience with cervical cancer screening and with the referral pathways for abnormal Papanicolau (Pap) smears. DESIGN AND SETTING: Focus group discussions were conducted with first time colposcopy clinic attendees at a tertiary hospital colposcopy clinic in Cape Town, South Africa during November 2014. A thematic analysis was conducted to identify key themes. Initial coding categories were drawn from the interview guide...
February 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190541/predictors-of-adherence-to-follow-up-recommendations-after-an-abnormal-pap-smear-among-underserved-inner-city-women
#18
Suzanne M Miller, Erin K Tagai, Kuang-Yi Wen, Minsun Lee, Siu-Kuen Azor Hui, Deirdre Kurtz, John Scarpato, Enrique Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify cognitive-affective predictors of adherence to initial diagnostic colposcopy and 6-month follow-up recommendations among underserved women. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was completed of a randomized clinical trial assessing tailored telephone counseling for colposcopy adherence after an abnormal screening Pap smear among 210 underserved inner-city women. RESULTS: Adherence to initial diagnostic colposcopy was significantly associated with greater self-efficacy (OR=1...
July 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152354/time-to-clinical-investigation-for-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-queensland-women-after-a-high-grade-abnormal-pap-smear-2000-2009
#19
Lisa J Whop, Peter D Baade, Julia Ml Brotherton, Karen Canfell, Joan Cunningham, Dorota Gertig, Kamalini Lokuge, Gail Garvey, Suzanne P Moore, Abbey Diaz, Dianne L O'Connell, Patricia Valery, David M Roder, John R Condon
OBJECTIVES: To investigate time to follow-up (clinical investigation) for Indigenous and non-Indigenous women in Queensland after a high grade abnormality (HGA) being detected by Pap smear. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Population-based retrospective cohort analysis of linked data from the Queensland Pap Smear Register (PSR), the Queensland Hospital Admitted Patient Data Collection, and the Queensland Cancer Registry. 34 980 women aged 20-68 years (including 1592 Indigenous women) with their first HGA Pap smear result recorded on the PSR (index smear) during 2000-2009 were included and followed to the end of 2010...
February 6, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120138/health-beliefs-associated-with-the-follow-up-of-pap-smear-abnormalities-among-low-income-women-in-medell%C3%A3-n-colombia
#20
Isabel Cristina Garcés-Palacio, Sara Milena Ramos-Jaraba, Diana Carolina Rubio-León
The purpose of the study was to explore variables of the health belief model in relation to the follow-up of abnormal Pap smear among low-income women in Medellín, Colombia. Eight focus groups (62 women) were conducted according to age groups (25-45 and 46-69 years). The data were analyzed using content analysis. The participants perceived themselves as vulnerable, recognized the severity of the disease in terms of both its emotional and physical consequences, perceived the benefits of the follow-up, and mentioned cues to action, such as social support and the support of health entities...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
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