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fluoride water

Giti Akhavan, Sina Dobaradaran, Jaleh Mohajeri Borazjani
In the present data article, fluoride concentration levels of drinking water (with spring or groundwater sources) in 10 villages of Asara area located in Alborz province were determined by the standard SPADNS method using a spectrophotometer (DR/2000 Spectrophotometer, USA). Daily fluoride intakes were also calculated based on daily drinking water consumption. The fluoride content were compared with EPA and WHO guidelines for drinking water.
December 2016: Data in Brief
Qinheng Zheng, Jiajia Dong, K Barry Sharpless
A two-step, on-water procedure for the synthesis of ethenesulfonyl fluoride (ESF) is described. 2-Chloroethanesulfonyl fluoride is made via a neat reaction with an aqueous, near saturated potassium bifluoride solution from readily available 2-chloroethanesulfonyl chloride. The subsequent dehydrochlorination of 2-chloroethanesulfonyl fluoride proceeds neatly with magnesium oxide as the base in an aqueous suspension to give ESF. This recipe enables the preparation of ESF in 98% yield on kilogram scale.
October 20, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Chanhee Boo, Jongho Lee, Menachem Elimelech
Microporous membranes fabricated from hydrophobic polymers such as polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) have been widely used for membrane distillation (MD). However, hydrophobic MD membranes are prone to wetting by low surface tension substances, thereby limiting their use in treating challenging industrial wastewaters, such as shale gas produced water. In this study, we present a facile and scalable approach for the fabrication of omniphobic polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes that repel both water and oil...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
H Y Tian, P Yu, C Y Yuan, W Zhang, Y X Qiu, D H Li, X J Liang, X Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the durability of resin-based root-surface coating material and all-in-one self-etching adhesive on root surface in vitro. METHODS: Human extracted premolars or molars with intact roots were selected. The cementum was removed using a periodontal scaler to expose root dentin. The root surface was coated with an acid-resistant nail varnish, leaving a window of 3 mm×3 mm on the exposed dentin.The window was covered with either PRG Barrier Coat (PRG) or Clearfil S3 Bond (CS3)...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Yanqin Ma, Zhenhua Ma, Shuqin Yin, Xiaoyan Yan, Jundong Wang
Excessive amount of inorganic arsenic (iAs) and fluoride (F) coexist in drinking water in many regions, which is associated with high risk of vascular diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well studied. The present study was to evaluate the effects of iAs and F individual or combined exposure on endothelial activation and apoptosis in vitro. Primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were exposed to 5 μM As2O3 and/or 1 mM NaF. Changes in endothelial cell apoptosis, inflammation, oxidative stress and nitric oxide (NO) production were analyzed...
October 14, 2016: Chemosphere
Kyle Fluegge
Community water fluoridation is considered a significant public health achievement of the 20th century. In this paper, the hypothesis that added water fluoridation has contributed to diabetes incidence and prevalence in the United States was investigated. Panel data from publicly available sources were used with population-averaged models to test the associations of added and natural fluoride on the outcomes at the county level in 22 states for the years 2005 and 2010. The findings suggest that a 1 mg increase in the county mean added fluoride significantly positively predicts a 0...
October 2016: Journal of Water and Health
Xi-Zhi Niu, Francesco Busetti, Markus Langsa, Jean-Philippe Croué
Many fluoroquinolone (FLQ) antibiotics undergo rapid photodegradation in sunlit waters and form multifaceted photo-products. The high photodegradation rate is primarily ascribed to their photosensitizing properties. Though widely studied, the photo-reaction pathways are not completely revealed; photo-products mediated by different reactive oxygen species are not identified. In our study, photo-degradation of fluoroquinolone norfloxacin was investigated. A rapid degradation in buffered water was observed with a first-order rate constant of 2...
October 4, 2016: Water Research
R Paradelo, M Conde-Cid, M Arias-Estévez, J C Nóvoa-Muñoz, E Álvarez-Rodríguez, M J Fernández-Sanjurjo, A Núñez-Delgado
The use of organic biosorbents for anion removal from water has been less studied than for cationic compounds. In this work, the removal capacity of pine bark for potential anionic pollutants (fluoride, phosphate, arsenate and dichromate) was assessed in column experiments, designed to study the process of transport. The results showed that pine bark has a very low retention capacity for phosphate, arsenate or fluoride, and in turn, very high for dichromate, with retention values close to 100% and less than 2% desorption of the adsorbed dichromate...
October 4, 2016: Chemosphere
Lena Natapov, Avi Sasson, Shlomo P Zusman
BACKGROUND: The National health insurance law enacted in 1995 did not include dental care in its basket of services. Dental care for children was first included in 2010, initially up till 8 years of age. The eligibility age rose to 12 years in 2013. The dental survey of 6 year-olds in 2007 found that the average of decayed, missing and filled teeth index (dmft) was 3.31 and 35 % of children were caries free. The current cross sectional survey of dental health for 6 year-olds was conducted as a comparison to the pre-reform status...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Moumita Dutta, Prem Rajak, Salma Khatun, Sumedha Roy
Sodium fluoride (NaF), one of the most frequently used fluoride compound is composed of Na(+) and F(-). Apart from its use in water fluoridation, NaF also acts as a major component for different dental products like toothpastes, gels and mouth rinses etc. The present study was carried out to explore the toxic impact of chronic NaF exposure on a non-target organism, Drosophila melanogaster. The larvae exposed to different concentrations of NaF through food showed a significant increase in HSP70 expression both qualitatively and quantitatively...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Yan Wei, Beibei Zeng, Hua Zhang, Cheng Chen, Yanli Wu, Nanlan Wang, Yanqiu Wu, Liming Shen
Fluorosis induced by exposure to high level fluoride is quite widespread in the world. The manifestations of fluorosis include dental mottling, bone damage, and impaired malfunction of soft tissues. However, the molecular mechanism of fluorosis has not been clarified until now. To explore the underlying mechanisms of fluorosis and screen out serum biomarkers, we carried out a quantitative proteomics study to identify differentially expressed serum proteins in Wistar rats treated with sodium fluoride (NaF) by using a proteomics approach of isobaric tagging for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Takatsugu Miyazaki, Atsushi Nishikawa, Takashi Tonozuka
Glycoside hydrolases are divided into two groups, known as inverting and retaining enzymes, based on their hydrolytic mechanisms. Glycoside hydrolase family 63 (GH63) is composed of inverting α-glycosidases, which act mainly on α-glucosides. We previously found that Escherichia coli GH63 enzyme, YgjK, can hydrolyze 2-O-α-d-glucosyl-d-galactose. Two constructed glycosynthase mutants, D324N and E727A, which catalyze the transfer of a β-glucosyl fluoride donor to galactose, lactose, and melibiose. Here, we determined the crystal structures of D324N and E727A soaked with a mixture of glucose and lactose at 1...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Structural Biology
Shweta Sharma, K P Sharma, Subhasini Sharma
Aluminum is ingested through foods, water, air, and even drugs. Its intake is potentiated further through foods and tea prepared in aluminum utensils and Al salt added in the drinking water for removal of suspended impurities and also fluoride in the affected areas. The ameliorating role of a blue green alga Spirulina is well documented to various pollutants in the animal models. We, therefore, examined its protective role (230 mg/kg body weight) on the hematology of male Swiss albino mice treated with aluminum (sub-acute = 78...
September 29, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
George Rajendra Kumar, Samir Kumar Sarkar, Pakkirisamy Thilagar
The design, synthesis and aggregation-induced emission properties of a new series of triarylborane-oligothiophene-dicyanovinyl (DCV) conjugates 4-6 (A-D-A' type molecular configuration) are reported. The optical properties of 4-6 can be modulated by judiciously varying the number of thiophene units between electron deficient boryl and dicyanovinyl units. Compound 6 with terthiophene spacer showed highly red-shifted absorption and emission compared to 5 and 4 with bithiophene and monothiophene spacers, respectively...
September 28, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
N R Aimée, A J van Wijk, M Maltz, M M Varjão, H D Mestrinho, J C Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the extent to which dental caries and fluorosis, in addition to sociodemographic and oral health behavior determinants, impact the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adolescents. METHODS: All adolescents attending from sixth to eighth grades in the Region of Itapoã, Federal District of Brazil (n = 1122), were screened, and 618 10-15-year-olds were selected. Parents answered a questionnaire about their family's socioeconomic status...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Erum Sami, Tippanart Vichayanrat, Pratana Satitvipawee
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of dental caries and its relationship with dental fluorosis, oral health behaviour and dietary behaviour among 12-year school children in moderate-fluoride drinking water community in Quetta, Pakistan. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Government and private schools of Quetta, from November 2012 to February 2013. METHODOLOGY: Atotal of 349 children aged 12-year from 14 randomly selected schools were included...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Hassan Younas, Yuhuan Fei, Jiahui Shao, Yiliang He
Biofouling produces concentrated microbial populations with highly resistive biofilms and is considered to be a serious obstacle for a wide range of membrane technology applications. An antibacterial super-hydrophilic barrier could help to reduce biofouling by preventing direct contact between membranes and bacteria. In this study, an antibacterial super-hydrophilic barrier consisting of a layer of TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) was developed on polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)-based membrane via a facile technique...
October 2016: Biofouling
Z Khuzwayo, E M N Chirwa
The performance of photocatalytic oxidation of chemical pollutants is subjected to the presence of anion complexes in natural waters. This study investigated the influence of alkali metal (Na(+) (sodium), K(+) (potassium)) halides (Cl(-) (chloride), Br(-) (bromide), F(-) (fluoride)) as inorganic ion sources in the photocatalytic degradation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) in batch systems. It was found that the exclusive presence of halides in the absence of an electron acceptor adequately facilitated the photocatalyst process below critical levels of anion populations, where beyond the critical point the process was significantly hindered...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jianhai Zhang, Yufang Zhang, Chen Liang, Nasui Wang, Heping Zheng, Jundong Wang
Fluoride is known to cause male reproductive toxicity, and the elucidation of its underlying mechanisms is an ongoing research focus in reproductive toxicology and epidemiology. Choline, an essential nutrient, has been extensively studied for its benefits in nervous system yet was rarely discussed for its prospective effect in male reproductive system. This study aims to explore the potential protective role of choline against NaF-induced male reproductive toxicity via MAPK pathway. The male mice were administrated by 150mg/L NaF in drinking water, 5...
November 1, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Qian Chen, Jiekun Zeng, Xinxing Yan, Yulin Huang, Chunxiao Wen, Xingguo Liu, Kun Zhang
A novel and efficient electrophilic fluorination of secondary phosphine oxides with Selectfluor has been achieved. This transformation provides direct access to phosphoric fluorides in up to 92% yield under mild conditions. In addition, P-O bond construction via a one-pot coupling process of secondary phosphine oxides with water or alcohols in the presence of Selectfluor leads to the formation of phosphinic acids or phosphinates in up to 96% yield.
October 21, 2016: Journal of Organic Chemistry
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