keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Radial glial cell

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145015/glial-control-of-neurogenesis
#1
REVIEW
Sven Falk, Magdalena Götz
Glial cells are central components of all neurogenic niches in the embryonic as well as in the adult central nervous system. While neural stem cells (NSCs) themselves exhibit glial features the behavior of NSCs is also strongly influenced by niche glial cells. Recently, studies have begun to uncover a large variety of glial cell-extrinsic as well as intrinsic factors that play crucial roles in the control of NSCs and the regulation of the cellular output from the neurogenic niches. In this review, we focus on mechanisms underlying the formation of adult NSCs by embryonic radial glia cells, discuss the influence of niche glia cells on adult NSCs and examine how the neurogenic potential of glial cells is controlled...
November 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138282/trajectory-analysis-unveils-reelin-s-role-in-the-directed-migration-of-granule-cells-in-the-dentate-gyrus
#2
Shaobo Wang, Bianka Brunne, Shanting Zhao, Xuejun Chai, Jiawei Li, Jeremie Lau, Antonio Virgilio Failla, Bernd Zobiak, Mirjam Sibbe, Gary L Westbrook, David Lutz, Michael Frotscher
Reelin controls neuronal migration and layer formation. Previous studies in reeler mice deficient in Reelin focused on the result of the developmental process in fixed tissue sections. It has remained unclear whether Reelin affects the migratory process, migration directionality or migrating neurons guided by the radial glial scaffold. Moreover, Reelin has been regarded as an attractive signal, since newly generated neurons migrate toward the Reelin-containing marginal zone. Conversely, Reelin might be a stop signal, since migrating neurons in reeler, but not in wild-type mice, invade the marginal zone...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130119/p85-regulates-neuronal-migration-through-affecting-neuronal-morphology-during-mouse-corticogenesis
#3
Xinran Cheng, Kaikai Li, MengMeng Liu, Xinde Hu, Mingrui Xu, Runchuan Yan, Shanting Zhao
In mammalian developing embryonic cortex, projection neurons migrate from the ventricular zone to the cortical plate, guided by radial glial cells with a transformation between bipolar and multipolar morphology. Previous studies have demonstrated that the PI3K-Akt-mTOR signal plays a critical role in brain development. However, the function of P85 in cortical development is still unclear. In the present study, we found that overexpression of P85 impaired cortical neuronal migration. Using in utero electroporation, we revealed that the length of the leading process in P85 overexpressed neurons became shorter than that in the control group but with more branches...
November 13, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109240/deficiency-of-the-thyroid-hormone-transporter-mct8-in-neural-progenitors-impairs-cellular-processes-crucial-for-early-corticogenesis
#4
Pieter Vancamp, Marie-Anne Deprez, Michiel Remmerie, Veerle M Darras
Thyroid hormones (THs) are essential for establishing layered brain structures, a process called corticogenesis, by acting on transcriptional activity of numerous genes. In humans, deficiency of the monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8), involved in cellular uptake of THs prior to their action, results in severe neurological abnormalities, known as the Allan-Herndon-Dudley Syndrome. While the brain lesions predominantly originate prenatally, it remains unclear how and when exactly MCT8 dysfunction affects cellular processes crucial for corticogenesis...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103808/disc1-regulates-neurogenesis-via-modulating-kinetochore-attachment-of-ndel1-nde1-during-mitosis
#5
Fei Ye, Eunchai Kang, Chuan Yu, Xuyu Qian, Fadi Jacob, Cong Yu, Mao Mao, Randy Y C Poon, Jieun Kim, Hongjun Song, Guo-Li Ming, Mingjie Zhang
Mutations of DISC1 (disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1) have been associated with major psychiatric disorders. Despite the hundreds of DISC1-binding proteins reported, almost nothing is known about how DISC1 interacts with other proteins structurally to impact human brain development. Here we solved the high-resolution structure of DISC1 C-terminal tail in complex with its binding domain of Ndel1. Mechanistically, DISC1 regulates Ndel1's kinetochore attachment, but not its centrosome localization, during mitosis...
November 1, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097753/secretoneurin-a-regulates-neurogenic-and-inflammatory-transcriptional-networks-in-goldfish-carassius-auratus-radial-glia
#6
Dillon F Da Fonte, Christopher J Martyniuk, Lei Xing, Adrian Pelin, Nicolas Corradi, Wei Hu, Vance L Trudeau
Radial glial cells (RGCs) are the most abundant macroglia in the teleost brain and have established roles in neurogenesis and neurosteroidogenesis; however, their transcriptome remains uncharacterized, which limits functional understanding of this important cell type. Using cultured goldfish RGCs, RNA sequencing and de novo transcriptome assembly were performed, generating the first reference transcriptome for fish RGCs with 17,620 unique genes identified. These data revealed that RGCs express a diverse repertoire of receptors and signaling molecules, suggesting that RGCs may respond to and synthesize an array of hormones, peptides, cytokines, and growth factors...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062064/desulfation-of-heparan-sulfate-by-sulf1-and-sulf2-is-required-for-corticospinal-tract-formation
#7
Takuya Okada, Kazuko Keino-Masu, Satoshi Nagamine, Fuyuki Kametani, Tatsuyuki Ohto, Masato Hasegawa, Toin H van Kuppevelt, Satoshi Kunita, Satoru Takahashi, Masayuki Masu
Heparan sulfate (HS) has been implicated in a wide range of cell signaling. Here we report a novel mechanism in which extracellular removal of 6-O-sulfate groups from HS by the endosulfatases, Sulf1 and Sulf2, is essential for axon guidance during development. In Sulf1/2 double knockout (DKO) mice, the corticospinal tract (CST) was dorsally displaced on the midbrain surface. In utero electroporation of Sulf1/2 into radial glial cells along the third ventricle, where Sulf1/2 mRNAs are normally expressed, rescued the CST defects in the DKO mice...
October 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058117/recapitulating-cortical-development-with-organoid-culture-in-vitro-and-modeling-abnormal-spindle-like-aspm-related-primary-microcephaly-disease
#8
Rui Li, Le Sun, Ai Fang, Peng Li, Qian Wu, Xiaoqun Wang
The development of a cerebral organoid culture in vitro offers an opportunity to generate human brain-like organs to investigate mechanisms of human disease that are specific to the neurogenesis of radial glial (RG) and outer radial glial (oRG) cells in the ventricular zone (VZ) and subventricular zone (SVZ) of the developing neocortex. Modeling neuronal progenitors and the organization that produces mature subcortical neuron subtypes during early stages of development is essential for studying human brain developmental diseases...
October 23, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056972/methotrexate-and-valproic-acid-affect-early-neurogenesis-of-human-amniotic-fluid-stem-cells-from-myelomeningocele
#9
Vardine Sahakyan, Enrico Pozzo, Robin Duelen, Jan Deprest, Maurilio Sampaolesi
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a severe type of neural tube defect (NTD), in which the backbone and spinal canal do not close completely during early embryonic development. This condition results in serious morbidity and increased mortality after birth. Folic acid significantly reduces, and conversely, folate antagonist methotrexate (MTX) and valproic acid (VPA) increase the occurrence of NTDs, including MMC. How these pharmacological agents exactly influence the early neurulation process is still largely unclear...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030097/transient-vimentin-expression-during-the-embryonic-development-of-the-chicken-cerebellum
#10
Vasiliki Kommata, Catherine R Dermon
Complex morphogenetic events, critical for the development of normal cerebellum foliation and layering, are known to involve type III intermediate filament protein such as vimentin expressed by Bergmann glia. The present study aimed to determine aspects of intermediate and late embryonic pattern of vimentin expression during the corticogenesis of chicken cerebellum at embryonic days 10-19 (E10-E19), using single and double immunohistochemistry/immunofluorescence. Vimentin expression showed partial co-localization with the glial markers GFAP and BLBP...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018869/molecular-components-and-polarity-of-radial-glial-cells-during-cerebral-cortex-development
#11
REVIEW
Fu-Sheng Chou, Rong Li, Pei-Shan Wang
Originating from ectodermal epithelium, radial glial cells (RGCs) retain apico-basolateral polarity and comprise a pseudostratified epithelial layer in the developing cerebral cortex. The apical endfeet of the RGCs faces the fluid-filled ventricles, while the basal processes extend across the entire cortical span towards the pial surface. RGC functions are largely dependent on this polarized structure and the molecular components that define it. In this review, we will dissect existing molecular evidence on RGC polarity establishment and during cerebral cortex development and provide our perspective on the remaining key questions...
October 10, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018333/cadherin-13-deficiency-increases-dorsal-raphe-5-ht-neuron-density-and-prefrontal-cortex-innervation-in-the-mouse-brain
#12
Andrea Forero, Olga Rivero, Sina Wäldchen, Hsing-Ping Ku, Dominik P Kiser, Yvonne Gärtner, Laura S Pennington, Jonas Waider, Patricia Gaspar, Charline Jansch, Frank Edenhofer, Thérèse J Resink, Robert Blum, Markus Sauer, Klaus-Peter Lesch
Background: During early prenatal stages of brain development, serotonin (5-HT)-specific neurons migrate through somal translocation to form the raphe nuclei and subsequently begin to project to their target regions. The rostral cluster of cells, comprising the median and dorsal raphe (DR), innervates anterior regions of the brain, including the prefrontal cortex. Differential analysis of the mouse 5-HT system transcriptome identified enrichment of cell adhesion molecules in 5-HT neurons of the DR. One of these molecules, cadherin-13 (Cdh13) has been shown to play a role in cell migration, axon pathfinding, and synaptogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947178/autonomous-and-non-autonomous-roles-for-ephrin-b-in-interneuron-migration
#13
Asghar Talebian, Rachel Britton, Simon Ammanuel, Asim Bepari, Francis Sprouse, Shari G Birnbaum, Gábor Szabó, Nobuaki Tamamaki, Jay Gibson, Mark Henkemeyer
While several studies indicate the importance of ephrin-B/EphB bidirectional signaling in excitatory neurons, potential roles for these molecules in inhibitory neurons are largely unknown. We identify here an autonomous receptor-like role for ephrin-B reverse signaling in the tangential migration of interneurons into the neocortex using ephrin-B (EfnB1/B2/B3) conditional triple mutant (TM(lz)) mice and a forebrain inhibitory neuron specific Cre driver. Inhibitory neuron deletion of the three EfnB genes leads to reduced interneuron migration, abnormal cortical excitability, and lethal audiogenic seizures...
November 15, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925561/nestin-expressing-cell-types-in-the-temporal-lobe-and-hippocampus-morphology-differentiation-and-proliferative-capacity
#14
Joan Liu, Cheryl Reeves, Thomas Jacques, Andrew McEvoy, Anna Miserocchi, Pamela Thompson, Sanjay Sisodiya, Maria Thom
Nestin is expressed in immature neuroepithelial and progenitor cell types and transiently upregulated in proliferative neuroglial cells responding to acute brain injury, including following seizures. In 36 temporal lobe (TLobe) specimens from patients with TLobe epilepsy (age range 8-60 years) we studied the number, distribution and morphology of nestin-expressing cells (NEC) in the pes, hippocampus body, parahippocampal gyrus, amygdala, temporal cortex and pole compared with post mortem control tissues from 26 cases (age range 12 gestational weeks to 76 years)...
January 2018: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917843/rapgef2-a-guanine-nucleotide-exchange-factor-for-rap1-small-gtpases-plays-a-crucial-role-in-adherence-junction-aj-formation-in-radial-glial-cells-through-erk-mediated-upregulation-of-the-aj-constituent-protein-expression
#15
Maged Ibrahim Farag, Yoko Yoshikawa, Kazuhiro Maeta, Tohru Kataoka
Rapgef2 and Rapgef6 define a subfamily of guanine nucleotide exchange factors for Rap1, characterized by possession of the Ras/Rap-associating domains and implicated in the etiology of schizophrenia. We previously found that dorsal telencephalon-specific Rapgef2 conditional knockout mice exhibits severe defects in formation of apical surface adherence junctions (AJs) and localization of radial glial cells (RGCs). In this study, we analyze the underlying molecular mechanism by using primary cultures of RGCs established from the developing cerebral cortex...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887860/regulation-of-radial-glial-process-growth-by-glutamate-via-mglur5-trpc3-and-neuregulin-erbb4
#16
Lauri M Louhivuori, Pauli M Turunen, Verna Louhivuori, Venkatram Yellapragada, Tommy Nordström, Per Uhlén, Karl E Åkerman
Radial glial cells play an essential role through their function as guides for neuronal migration during development. Disruption of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) function retards the growth of radial glial processes in vitro. Neuregulins (NRG) are activated by proteolytic cleavage and regulate (radial) glial maintenance via ErbB3/ErbB4 receptors. We show here that blocking ErbB4 disrupts radial process extension. Soluble NRG acting on ErbB4 receptors is able to promote radial process extension in particular where process elongation has been impeded by blockade of mGluR5, the nonselective cation channel canonical transient receptor potential 3 (TRPC3), or matrix metalloproteases (MMP)...
January 2018: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862741/radial-glia-in-the-ventral-telencephalon
#17
REVIEW
Miguel Turrero García, Corey Harwell
The ventral telencephalon is the developmental origin of the basal ganglia and the source of neuronal and glial cells that integrate into developing circuits in other areas of the brain. Radial glia in the embryonic subpallium give rise to an enormous diversity of mature cell types, either directly or through other transit-amplifying progenitors. Here, we review current knowledge about these subpallial neural stem cells and their progeny, focusing on the period of neurogenesis. We describe their cell biological features and the extrinsic and intrinsic molecular codes that guide their fate specification in defined temporal and spatial sequences...
September 1, 2017: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860983/radial-structure-scaffolds-convolution-patterns-of-developing-cerebral-cortex
#18
Mir Jalil Razavi, Tuo Zhang, Hanbo Chen, Yujie Li, Simon Platt, Yu Zhao, Lei Guo, Xiaoping Hu, Xianqiao Wang, Tianming Liu
Commonly-preserved radial convolution is a prominent characteristic of the mammalian cerebral cortex. Endeavors from multiple disciplines have been devoted for decades to explore the causes for this enigmatic structure. However, the underlying mechanisms that lead to consistent cortical convolution patterns still remain poorly understood. In this work, inspired by prior studies, we propose and evaluate a plausible theory that radial convolution during the early development of the brain is sculptured by radial structures consisting of radial glial cells (RGCs) and maturing axons...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856727/cholesterol-regulates-polymodal-sensory-transduction-in-m%C3%A3-ller-glia
#19
Monika Lakk, Oleg Yarishkin, Jackson M Baumann, Anthony Iuso, David Križaj
Over- and underexposure to cholesterol activates glia in neurodegenerative brain and retinal diseases but the molecular targets of cholesterol in glial cells are not known. Here, we report that disruption of unesterified membrane cholesterol content modulates the transduction of chemical, mechanical and temperature stimuli in mouse Müller cells. Activation of TRPV4 (transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4), a nonselective polymodal cation channel was studied following the removal or supplementation of cholesterol using the methyl-beta cyclodextrin (MβCD) delivery vehicle...
August 30, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856389/structural-and-metabolic-changes-in-the-traumatically-injured-rat-brain-high-resolution-in-vivo-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-at-7%C3%A2-t
#20
Jing Li, Can Zhao, Jia-Sheng Rao, Fei-Xiang Yang, Zhan-Jing Wang, Jian-Feng Lei, Zhao-Yang Yang, Xiao-Guang Li
PURPOSE: The understanding of microstructural and metabolic changes in the post-traumatic brain injury is the key to brain damage suppression and repair in clinics. METHODS: Ten female Wistar rats were traumatically injured in the brain CA1 region and above the cortex. Next, diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DTI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) were used to analyze the microstructural and metabolic changes in the brain within the following 2 weeks...
December 2017: Neuroradiology
keyword
keyword
30075
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"