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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454464/metastasis-from-a-primary-hepatic-angiosarcoma-to-the-colon-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Yukako Mokutani, Taishi Hata, Yuichiro Miyake, Hideki Kuroda, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Junichi Nishimura, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
Primary hepatic angiosarcoma is a rare type of tumor with a poor prognosis. To the best of our knowledge, curative surgery of a metastatic gastrointestinal angiosarcoma from a hepatic angiosarcoma has not been reported previously. In the present report, a case of colonic metastasis from a primary hepatic angiosarcoma is discussed. A rapidly growing mass was identified in the liver of an 84-year-old Japanese male who underwent a subsegmentectomy of the liver. Microscopic examination determined that the mass was an angiosarcoma composed of sheets of spindle cells...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453519/homozygous-arhgef2-mutation-causes-intellectual-disability-and-midbrain-hindbrain-malformation
#2
Ethiraj Ravindran, Hao Hu, Scott A Yuzwa, Luis R Hernandez-Miranda, Nadine Kraemer, Olaf Ninnemann, Luciana Musante, Eugen Boltshauser, Detlev Schindler, Angela Hübner, Hans-Christian Reinecker, Hans-Hilger Ropers, Carmen Birchmeier, Freda D Miller, Thomas F Wienker, Christoph Hübner, Angela M Kaindl
Mid-hindbrain malformations can occur during embryogenesis through a disturbance of transient and localized gene expression patterns within these distinct brain structures. Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor (ARHGEF) family members are key for controlling the spatiotemporal activation of Rho GTPase, to modulate cytoskeleton dynamics, cell division, and cell migration. We identified, by means of whole exome sequencing, a homozygous frameshift mutation in the ARHGEF2 as a cause of intellectual disability, a midbrain-hindbrain malformation, and mild microcephaly in a consanguineous pedigree of Kurdish-Turkish descent...
April 28, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449121/tri-directional-anaphases-as-a-novel-chromosome-segregation-defect-in-human-oocytes
#3
Jenna Haverfield, Nicola L Dean, Diana Nöel, Gaudeline Rémillard-Labrosse, Veronique Paradis, Isaac-Jacques Kadoch, Greg FitzHarris
STUDY QUESTION: What are the chromosome segregation errors in human oocyte meiosis-I that may underlie oocyte aneuploidy? SUMMARY ANSWER: Multiple modes of chromosome segregation error were observed, including tri-directional anaphases, which we attribute to loss of bipolar spindle structure at anaphase-I. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Oocyte aneuploidy is common and associated with infertility, but mechanistic information on the chromosome segregation errors underlying these defects is scarce...
April 25, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449010/excess-of-a-rassf1-targeting-microrna-mir-193a-3p-perturbs-cell-division-fidelity
#4
Sofia Pruikkonen, Marko J Kallio
BACKGROUND: Several microRNA (miRNA) molecules have emerged as important post-transcriptional regulators of tumour suppressor and oncogene expression. Ras association domain family member 1 (RASSF1) is a critical tumour suppressor that controls multiple aspects of cell proliferation such as cell cycle, cell division and apoptosis. The expression of RASSF1 is lost in a variety of cancers due to the promoter hypermethylation. METHODS: miR-193a-3p was identified as a RASSF1-targeting miRNA by a dual screening approach...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448171/novel-investigational-drugs-active-as-single-agents-in-multiple-myeloma
#5
Mattia D'Agostino, Marco Salvini, Antonio Palumbo, Alessandra Larocca, Francesca Gay
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by proliferation of malignant plasma cells. Patient outcome has improved markedly over the last decades due to the introduction of novel therapeutic agents such as bortezomib, thalidomide and lenalidomide. However, MM still remains largely incurable and patients eventually become refractory to available treatments. To address this unmet medical need, a variety of new molecules are currently being developed in preclinical models and/or are being investigated in clinical studies...
April 27, 2017: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447898/splenic-epstein-barr-virus-associated-inflammatory-pseudotumor
#6
Chris Van Baeten, Jo Van Dorpe
Splenic inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) is an uncommon lesion with an inflammatory morphologic aspect that often poses a diagnostic challenge. The etiology of IPT can be infectious, autoimmune, reactive, or neoplastic. Splenic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated IPTs form a subset of splenic IPTs in which there is a spindle cell component infected by EBV. The best characterized and most frequent subgroup of splenic EBV-associated IPT is IPT-like follicular dendritic cell tumor. This review also focusses on EBV-associated splenic IPTs without follicular dendritic cell marker expression...
May 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447620/dna-replication-licensing-factor-cdc6-and-plk4-kinase-antagonistically-regulate-centrosome-duplication-via-sas-6
#7
Xiaowei Xu, Shijiao Huang, Boyan Zhang, Fan Huang, Wangfei Chi, Jingyan Fu, Gang Wang, Si Li, Qing Jiang, Chuanmao Zhang
Centrosome number is tightly controlled during the cell cycle to ensure proper spindle assembly and cell division. However, the underlying mechanism that controls centrosome number remains largely unclear. We show herein that the DNA replication licensing factor Cdc6 is recruited to the proximal side of the centrioles via cyclin A to negatively regulate centrosome duplication by binding and inhibiting the cartwheel protein Sas-6 from forming a stable complex with another centriole duplication core protein, STIL...
April 27, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447327/uptake-of-123-i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-by-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor
#8
Patommatat Bhanthumkomol, Susumu Hijioka, Nobumasa Mizuno, Takamichi Kuwahara, Nozomi Okuno, Ayako Ito, Tsutomu Tanaka, Makoto Ishihara, Yutaka Hirayama, Sachiyo Onishi, Yasumasa Niwa, Masahiro Tajika, Yuichi Ito, Eiichi Sasaki, Yoshitaka Inaba, Yasuhiro Shimizu, Yasushi Yatabe, Kazuo Hara
A 52-year-old woman was admitted with a large intraabdominal mass. (123)I- metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) scintigraphy revealed considerable (123)I-MIBG accumulation by the mass that was compatible with a diagnosis of paraganglioma. However, a spindle cell tumor that was identified using endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration before surgery was positive for CD117. The surgically resected mass was confirmed as a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Although the mechanism of (123)I-MIBG uptake by GIST has not been elucidated, GIST should be included in the differential diagnosis of intra-abdominal tumor with (123)I-MIBG uptake...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446817/shh-mediated-centrosomal-recruitment-of-pka-promotes-symmetric-proliferative-neuroepithelial-cell%C3%A2-division
#9
Murielle Saade, Elena Gonzalez-Gobartt, Rene Escalona, Susana Usieto, Elisa Martí
Tight control of the balance between self-expanding symmetric and self-renewing asymmetric neural progenitor divisions is crucial to regulate the number of cells in the developing central nervous system. We recently demonstrated that Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signalling is required for the expansion of motor neuron progenitors by maintaining symmetric divisions. Here we show that activation of Shh/Gli signalling in dividing neuroepithelial cells controls the symmetric recruitment of PKA to the centrosomes that nucleate the mitotic spindle, maintaining symmetric proliferative divisions...
April 27, 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446512/molecular-mechanisms-facilitating-the-initial-kinetochore-encounter-with-spindle-microtubules
#10
Vanya Vasileva, Marek Gierlinski, Zuojun Yue, Nicola O'Reilly, Etsushi Kitamura, Tomoyuki U Tanaka
The initial kinetochore (KT) encounter with a spindle microtubule (MT; KT capture) is one of the rate-limiting steps in establishing proper KT-MT interaction during mitosis. KT capture is facilitated by multiple factors, such as MT extension in various directions, KT diffusion, and MT pivoting. In addition, KTs generate short MTs, which subsequently interact with a spindle MT. KT-derived MTs may facilitate KT capture, but their contribution is elusive. In this study, we find that Stu1 recruits Stu2 to budding yeast KTs, which promotes MT generation there...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445502/role-of-kif15-and-its-novel-mitotic-partner-kbp-in-k-fiber-dynamics-and-chromosome-alignment
#11
Nathalie Brouwers, Nuria Mallol Martinez, Isabelle Vernos
Faithful segregation of the genetic material during the cell cycle is key for the continuation of life. Central to this process is the assembly of a bipolar spindle that aligns the chromosomes and segregates them to the two daughter cells. Spindle bipolarity is strongly dependent on the activity of the homotetrameric kinesin Eg5. However, another kinesin, Kif15, also provides forces needed to separate the spindle poles during prometaphase and to maintain spindle bipolarity at metaphase. Here we identify KBP as a specific interaction partner of Kif15 in mitosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444788/night-sleep-in-patients-with-vegetative-state
#12
Yuri G Pavlov, Steffen Gais, Friedemann Müller, Monika Schönauer, Barbara Schäpers, Jan Born, Boris Kotchoubey
Polysomnographic recording of night sleep was carried out in 15 patients with the diagnosis vegetative state (syn. unresponsive wakefulness syndrome). Sleep scoring was performed by three raters, and confirmed by means of a spectral power analysis of the electroencephalogram, electrooculogram and electromyogram. All patients but one exhibited at least some signs of sleep. In particular, sleep stage N1 was found in 13 patients, N2 in 14 patients, N3 in nine patients, and rapid eye movement sleep in 10 patients...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443149/inverted-urothelial-papilloma-a-review-of-diagnostic-pitfalls-and-clinical-management
#13
REVIEW
Mary K Sweeney, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Jennifer Gordetsky
Inverted urothelial papilloma (IUP) is a rare, non-invasive endophytic lesion that accounts for 1-2% of urothelial tumours. On cystoscopy, IUP appears as a pedunculated/papillary mass with a smooth surface. On microscopy, IUP has an endophytic growth pattern with the bulk of the tumour covered by a superficial layer of urothelium, which can be hyperplastic or attenuated. The cytology should be bland, with uniform, spindled cells arranged in anastomosing trabeculae and cords with peripheral palisading of basaloid cells...
January 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441529/mps1-regulates-kinetochore-microtubule-attachment-stability-via-the-ska-complex-to-ensure-error-free-chromosome-segregation
#14
John Maciejowski, Hauke Drechsler, Kathrin Grundner-Culemann, Edward R Ballister, Jose-Antonio Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Veronica Rodriguez-Bravo, Mathew J K Jones, Emily Foley, Michael A Lampson, Henrik Daub, Andrew D McAinsh, Prasad V Jallepalli
The spindle assembly checkpoint kinase Mps1 not only inhibits anaphase but also corrects erroneous attachments that could lead to missegregation and aneuploidy. However, Mps1's error correction-relevant substrates are unknown. Using a chemically tuned kinetochore-targeting assay, we show that Mps1 destabilizes microtubule attachments (K fibers) epistatically to Aurora B, the other major error-correcting kinase. Through quantitative proteomics, we identify multiple sites of Mps1-regulated phosphorylation at the outer kinetochore...
April 24, 2017: Developmental Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439685/histological-and-ultrastructural-study-of-myxobolus-mugchelo-parenzan-1966-with-initial-histopathology-survey-of-the-liza-ramada-host-intestine
#15
Mykola Ovcharenko, Bahram Sayyaf Dezfuli, Giuseppe Castaldelli, Mattia Lanzoni, Luisa Giari
This paper provides histological and ultrastructural data on Myxobolus mugchelo (Myxozoa), a parasite of the intestinal wall of thinlip mullet Liza ramada from the Comacchio lagoons (Northern Adriatic Sea, Italy). About 80% of the examined mullets were infected with this myxozoan. In histological sections, the plasmodia appeared rounded to ovoid and spindle shaped, measured 181.61 ± 97 × 122.79 ± 53.16 μm (mean ± standard deviation, SD) in size. Early sporogenic plasmodia were located primarily in the muscle layer where no pronounced inflammatory response was detected...
April 24, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439046/protein-phosphatase-2a-regulatory-subunit-b55%C3%AE-functions-in-mouse-oocyte-maturation-and-early-embryonic-development
#16
Shuang Liang, Jing Guo, Jeong-Woo Choi, Kyung-Tae Shin, Hai-Yang Wang, Yu-Jin Jo, Nam-Hyung Kim, Xiang-Shun Cui
Protein phosphatase 2A regulatory subunit B55α (PP2A-B55α) has been studied in mitosis. However, its functions in mammalian meiosis and early embryonic development remain unknown. Here, we report that PP2A-B55α is critical for mouse oocyte meiosis and preimplantation embryo development. Knockdown of PP2A-B55α in oocytes led to abnormal asymmetric division, disordered spindle dynamics, defects in chromosome congression, an increase in aneuploidy, and induction of the DNA damage response. Moreover, knockdown of PP2A-B55α in fertilized mouse zygotes impaired development to the blastocyst stage...
March 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438565/improvements-in-oocyte-competence-in-superovulated-mice-following-treatment-with-cilostazol-ovulation-of-immature-oocytes-with-high-developmental-rates
#17
Ahmed M Taiyeb, Saeeda A Muhsen-Alanssari, William L Dees, Jill Hiney, Michael E Kjelland, Duane C Kraemer, Mundhir T Ridha-Albarzanchi
Exogenous administration of superovulatory hormones negatively affects oocyte competence in mammals. Phosphodiesterase 3A inhibitors were found to improve competence of oocytes matured in vitro in several species, including humans. This study was therefore designed to define oocyte maturation synchronization and competence in superovulated mice treated with cilostazol, a selective phosphodiesterase 3A inhibitor. Swiss Webster mice were superovulated and treated orally with 7.5mg cilostazol once or twice to result in ovulation of immature oocytes at the metaphase I (MI) or germinal vesicle (GV) stage, respectively...
April 21, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438388/kaposiform-haemangioendothelioma-a-review-with-emphasis-on-histological-differential-diagnosis
#18
REVIEW
Juan Putra, Anita Gupta
Kaposiform haemangioendothelioma (KHE) is a rare, locally aggressive/borderline vascular tumour primarily seen in neonates and children. KHE is occasionally associated with Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon and tends to have a poor clinical prognosis. While the histological features of tufted angiomas and KHE overlap, some believe tufted angiomas are a milder, benign, more localised counterpart of KHE. The other histological differential diagnoses of KHE include infantile haemangioma, congenital haemangioma, spindle cell haemangioma, verrucous malformation/haemangioma, and Kaposi sarcoma...
April 21, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436967/microtubule-minus-end-regulation-at-spindle-poles-by-an-aspm-katanin-complex
#19
Kai Jiang, Lenka Rezabkova, Shasha Hua, Qingyang Liu, Guido Capitani, A F Maarten Altelaar, Albert J R Heck, Richard A Kammerer, Michel O Steinmetz, Anna Akhmanova
ASPM (known as Asp in fly and ASPM-1 in worm) is a microcephaly-associated protein family that regulates spindle architecture, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we show that ASPM forms a complex with another protein linked to microcephaly, the microtubule-severing ATPase katanin. ASPM and katanin localize to spindle poles in a mutually dependent manner and regulate spindle flux. X-ray crystallography revealed that the heterodimer formed by the N- and C-terminal domains of the katanin subunits p60 and p80, respectively, binds conserved motifs in ASPM...
May 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436952/playing-polo-during-mitosis-plk1-takes-the-lead
#20
REVIEW
G Combes, I Alharbi, L G Braga, S Elowe
Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), the prototypical member of the polo-like family of serine/threonine kinases, is a pivotal regulator of mitosis and cytokinesis in eukaryotes. Many layers of regulation have evolved to target PLK1 to different subcellular structures and to its various mitotic substrates in line with its numerous functions during mitosis. Collective work is starting to illuminate an important set of substrates for PLK1: the mitotic kinases that together ensure the fidelity of the cell division process...
April 24, 2017: Oncogene
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