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Antinea Menéndez Garmendia, Gabriela Sánchez-Mejorada, Jorge A Gómez-Valdés
Stature estimation is an important step to create a biological profile for human identification of unknown individuals in forensic anthropological practice, and it is well known that the long bone length is highly correlated with this feature. The purpose of the present study is to develop formulae for height estimation, based on simple linear regression model for humerus, femur and tibia in Mexican contemporary population. Stature was taken in 56 males and 30 female corpses as well as maximum length of three long bones of the limbs after autopsy following the Menéndez et al...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Roberto Flores, Jorge Cáceres-Martínez, Miguel Ángel Del Río-Portilla, Alexei F Licea-Navarro, Ricardo Gonzales-Sánchez, Abraham Guerrero
Bacteriophages are recognized as major mortality agents of microbes, among them intracellular marine rickettsiales-like bacteria. Recently, a phage hyperparasite of Candidatus Xenohaliotis californiensis (CXc) has been described. This bacterium is considered the causal agent of Withering Syndrome (WS) which is a chronic and potentially lethal disease of abalone species from California, USA and the peninsula of Baja California, Mexico. This hyperparasite which infects CXc could be used as a biocontrol agent for WS...
January 11, 2018: Archives of Virology
Justin Whetten, David N van der Goes, Huy Tran, Mark Moffett, Colin Semper, Howard Yonas
AIMS: Access to Critical Cerebral Emergency Support Services (ACCESS) was developed as a low-cost solution to providing neuro-emergent consultations to rural hospitals in New Mexico that do not offer comprehensive stroke care. ACCESS is a two-way audio visual program linking remote emergency department physicians and their patients to stroke specialists. ACCESS also has an education component in which hospitals receive training from stroke specialists on the triage and treatment of patients...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
C Ortega, I García, R Irgang, R Fajardo, D Tapia-Cammas, J Acosta, R Avendaño-Herrera
This is the first study to isolate, identify and characterize Streptococcus iniae as the causative disease agent in two tilapia (Oreochromis aureus) populations. The populations were geographically isolated, of distinct origins, and did not share water sources. Affected fish showed various external (e.g., exophthalmia and cachexia, among others) and internal (e.g., granulomatous septicaemia and interstitial nephritis, among others) signs. All internal organ samples produced pure cultures, two of which (one from each farm, termed S-1 and S-2) were subjected to biochemical, PCR and 16S rRNA sequencing (99...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Fish Diseases
Jennifer A Rudgers, Y Anny Chung, Gregory E Maurer, Douglas I Moore, Esteban H Muldavin, Marcy E Litvak, Scott L Collins
Understanding controls on net primary production (NPP) has been a long-standing goal in ecology. Climate is a well-known control on NPP, although the temporal differences among years within a site are often weaker than the spatial pattern of differences across sites. Climate sensitivity functions describe the relationship between an ecological response (e.g., NPP) and both the mean and variance of its climate driver (e.g., aridity index), providing a novel framework for understanding how climate trends in both mean and variance vary with NPP over time...
January 9, 2018: Ecology
Nathan J Kleist, Robert P Guralnick, Alexander Cruz, Christopher A Lowry, Clinton D Francis
Anthropogenic noise is a pervasive pollutant that decreases environmental quality by disrupting a suite of behaviors vital to perception and communication. However, even within populations of noise-sensitive species, individuals still select breeding sites located within areas exposed to high noise levels, with largely unknown physiological and fitness consequences. We use a study system in the natural gas fields of northern New Mexico to test the prediction that exposure to noise causes glucocorticoid-signaling dysfunction and decreases fitness in a community of secondary cavity-nesting birds...
January 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Mark C Roebuck, Robert J Kaestner, Julia S Dougherty
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of adherence to chronic disease medications on health services utilization among Medicaid enrollees. SUBJECTS: Eligibility, claims, and encounter data from the Medicaid Analytic Extract files from 10 states (Alabama, California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, and Virginia) were used to construct a 3-year (2008-2010), longitudinal dataset of Medicaid recipients 18-64 years of age, including 656,646 blind/disabled individuals and 704,368 other adults...
January 5, 2018: Medical Care
Abigail M Etters, Samuel Kadavakollu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Houping Wang, Merry Liu, Ken Sugata, Yuhuan Wang, Jennifer Hull, Kimberly Foytich, Baoming Jiang
BACKGROUND: Group A rotavirus is the most common cause of acute diarrhea in young children worldwide. A simple and rapid enzyme immunoassay (EIA) has been commonly used to detect rotavirus infection and evaluate rotavirus vaccines. Currently licensed commercial EIA kits have low sensitivity. A more sensitive detection of rotavirus can improve rotavirus diagnostics and vaccine efficacy studies. OBJECTIVE: A biotin-avidin based sandwich EIA was developed and compared with commercial EIA kits for improved detection of viral shedding in fecal samples from infants who received human rotavirus vaccine Rotarix in Mexico...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Wei Wu, Patrick Biber, Matthew Bethel
Feedbacks among inundation, sediment trapping, and vegetation productivity help maintain coastal wetlands facing sea-level rise (SLR). However, when the SLR rate exceeds a threshold, coastal wetlands can collapse. Understanding the threshold helps address key challenges in ecology-nonlinear response of ecosystems to environmental change, promotes communication between ecologists and resource managers, and facilitates decision-making in climate change policies. We studied the threshold of SLR rate and developed a new threshold of SLR acceleration rate on sustainability of coastal wetlands as SLR is likely to accelerate due to enhanced anthropogenic forces...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Elizabeth Burke Watson, Alejandro Hinojosa Corona
Although saline tidal wetlands cover less than a fraction of one percent of the earth's surface (~0.01%), they efficiently sequester organic carbon due to high rates of primary production coupled with surfaces that aggrade in response to sea level rise. Here, we report on multi-decadal changes (1972-2008) in the extent of tidal marshes and mangroves, and characterize soil carbon density and source, for five regions of tidal wetlands located on Baja California's Pacific coast. Land-cover change analysis indicates the stability of tidal wetlands relative to anthropogenic and climate change impacts over the past four decades, with most changes resulting from natural coastal processes that are unique to arid environments...
December 24, 2017: Sensors
Maria Isabel Botelho Vieira, Márcio Machado Costa, Mateus Tonial de Oliveira, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Marcos Rogério André, Rosangela Zacarias Machado
Equine piroplasmosis is a disease caused by the hemoparasites Babesia caballi and Theileria equi and is considered to be the most important parasitic infection affecting Equidae. The objective of the present study was to carry out an epidemiological molecular and serological survey for the presence of these two protozoal organisms in equids from the northwestern region of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), south Brazil. For this purpose, blood samples were collected from 90 equids in the city of Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil...
December 29, 2017: Acta Tropica
Frank C Bandiera, Patrice A C Vaeth, Raul Caetano, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
BACKGROUND: Border Mexican Americans (MA) are exposed to poverty and under-education, all of which are predictors of cigarette smoking. METHODS: This study analyzed two epidemiologic surveys among border and non-border MA. In the border sample, interviews were conducted in urban areas of U.S.-Mexico border counties of California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. The non-border sample consisted of respondents interviewed in Los Angeles, Houston, New York, Philadelphia, and Miami...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
John L Hoogland, Dean E Biggins, Nathaniel Blackford, David A Eads, Dustin Long, Mariana Rivera Rodriguez, Lauren M Ross, Sarah Tobey, Emma M White
At Valles Caldera National Preserve in New Mexico, USA, infusing Gunnison's prairie dog ( Cynomys gunnisoni) burrows with an insecticide dust containing 0.05% deltamethrin killed fleas which transmit bubonic plague. The reduction in the number of fleas per prairie dog was significant and dramatic immediately after infusions, with a suggestion that the reduction persisted for as long as 12 mo. Despite the lower flea counts, however, a plague epizootic killed >95% of prairie dogs after 3 yr of infusions (once per year)...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Paulo M Brito, Jésus Alvarado-Ortega, François J Meunier
Lepisosteoids are known for their evolutionary conservatism, and their body plan can be traced at least as far back as the Early Cretaceous, by which point two families had diverged: Lepisosteidae, known since the Late Cretaceous and including all living species and various fossils from all continents, except Antarctica and Australia, and Obaichthyidae, restricted to the Cretaceous of northeastern Brazil and Morocco. Until now, the oldest known lepisosteoids were the obaichthyids, which show general neopterygian features lost or transformed in lepisosteids...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Márcia Danielle A Dantas, Diego G Teixeira, Rita Cássia B Silva-Portela, Paulo Eduardo T Soares, João Paulo M S Lima, Lucymara F Agnez-Lima, Daniel Carlos F Lanza
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has been the cause of great economic losses in world shrimp farming. In this work the genome of a Brazilian WSSV isolate was determined from direct sequencing of total DNA extracted from an infected whiteleg shrimp, and assembled based on a chimera template approach. Comparisons between WSSV-BR and other isolates revealed that the Brazilian virus has a relatively small genome, and is very similar to isolates from Thailand and Mexico. A phylogenetic relationship using different approaches has demonstrated that these isolates share a common evolutionary history...
December 16, 2017: Virus Research
Burton M Berkson, Francisco Calvo Riera
In this case report, we describe the treatment of a 64-year-old male patient diagnosed with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in June of 2008. In spite of a left nephrectomy and the standard oncological protocols, the patient developed a solitary left lung metastasis that continued to grow. He was informed that given his diagnosis and poor response to conventional therapy, any further treatment would, at best, be palliative. The patient arrived at the Integrative Medical Center of New Mexico in August of 2010...
December 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Samuel Mark
For over a century, it has been widely accepted that leprosy did not exist in the Americas before the arrival of Europeans. This proposition was based on a combination of historical, paleopathological, and representational studies. Further support came from molecular studies in 2005 and 2009 that four Mycobacterium leprae single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and then 16 SNP subtypes correlated with general geographic regions, suggesting the M. leprae subtypes in the Americas were consistent with European strains...
2017: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases
Guillermo Herrera-Arcos, Jesús Tamez-Duque, Elsa Y Acosta-De-Anda, Kevin Kwan-Loo, Mayra de-Alba, Ulises Tamez-Duque, Jose L Contreras-Vidal, Rogelio Soto
Mobile Brain-Body Imaging (MoBI) technology was deployed to record multi-modal data from 209 participants to examine the brain's response to artistic stimuli at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo (MARCO) in Monterrey, México. EEG signals were recorded as the subjects walked through the exhibit in guided groups of 6-8 people. Moreover, guided groups were either provided with an explanation of each art piece (Guided-E), or given no explanation (Guided-NE). The study was performed using portable Muse (InteraXon, Inc, Toronto, ON, Canada) headbands with four dry electrodes located at AF7, AF8, TP9, and TP10...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Shlomo M Stemmer, Eli Mordechai, Martin E Adelson, Scott E Gygax, David W Hilbert
BACKGROUND: Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common non-viral sexually-transmitted infection (STI). However, as it is not a reportable disease in the United States, there is limited information on the age of infected individuals and their geographic distribution. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the detection rates of Trichomonas vaginalis infection compared to Chlamydia trachomatis by age and state in a commercial laboratory setting . METHODS: Quantitative Real-time PCRs (qPCRs) were used to detect the presence of T...
December 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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