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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543651/the-past-present-and-future-of-mexico-s-national-bioethics-commission
#1
Manuel Ruiz de Chavez, Aidee Orozco, Gustavo Olaiz
The establishment of Mexico's National Bioethics Commission (Comisión Nacional de Bioética), in 1992, was conceived within the context of a global movement aimed at raising awareness of the ethical implications of technological and scientific development, especially in biomedicine. In 2005, a new decree put the commission under the scope of the Secretariat of Health and granted it technical and operational autonomy, allowing it to become a regulatory agency aimed at promoting a culture of bioethics, encouraging reflection on human health, and developing guidelines for health care, research, and education, through a global, secular, and democratic perspective...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537355/safety-and-cost-effectiveness-in-thyroidectomy-using-the-harmonic-scalpel-compared-to-traditional-hemostasis-a-controlled-clinical-assay
#2
Erich O P Basurto-Kuba, Maybelline Robles-Estrada, Luis Mauricio Hurtado-López, Edgar D Montes E Oca-Duran, Carlos Campos-Castillo, Felipe Rafael Zaldivar-Ramirez, Abraham Pulido-Cejudo
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this clinical control trial is to analyze the cost-effectiveness and to understand the efficacy of the HARMONIC FOCUS®+ (Ethicon Inc., Somerville, New Jersey) scalpel as the only system to cut and coagulate in thyroidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundered patients of the thyroid clinic of the Mexico City General Hospital were included. All patients underwent surgery and were divided into two randomized groups. In Group 1, the HARMONIC scalpel was the only device used for cut and coagulate (50 patients), and in Group 2 clamp, tie, and electrocautery (50 patients) were used...
May 24, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536984/phylogeny-and-biogeography-of-the-genus-stevia-asteraceae-eupatorieae-an-example-of-diversification-in-the-asteraceae-in-the-new-world
#3
Akiko Soejima, Akifumi S Tanabe, Izumi Takayama, Takayuki Kawahara, Kuniaki Watanabe, Miyuki Nakazawa, Misako Mishima, Tetsukazu Yahara
The genus Stevia comprises approximately 200 species, which are distributed in North and South America, and are representative of the species diversity of the Asteraceae in the New World. We reconstructed the phylogenetic relationships using sequences of ITS and cpDNA and estimated the divergence times of the major clade of this genus. Our results suggested that Stevia originated in Mexico 7.0-7.3 million years ago (Mya). Two large clades, one with shrub species and another with herb species, were separated at about 6...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530509/genotyping-toxoplasma-gondii-with-the-b1-gene-in-naturally-infected-sheep-from-an-endemic-region-in-the-pacific-coast-of-mexico
#4
Williams Arony Martínez-Flores, José Manuel Palma-García, Heriberto Caballero-Ortega, Alejandra Del Viento-Camacho, Eduardo López-Escamilla, Fernando Martínez-Hernández, Pablo Vinuesa, Dolores Correa, Pablo Maravilla
Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite with a broad ecological valence, which has been detected in a wide range of hosts and landscapes. Although the genus is considered monospecific, in recent years it has been demonstrated to exhibit more genetic variability than previously known. In Mexico, there are few genotyping studies, which suggest that classical, autochthonous, and atypical strains are circulating. The goal of this study was to describe T. gondii genetic diversity in naturally infected sheep from Colima, Mexico...
May 22, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529213/effective-strategies-for-affordable-care-act-enrollment-in-immigrant-serving-safety-net-clinics-in-new-mexico
#5
Christina M Getrich, Jacqueline M García, Angélica Solares, Miria Kano
In the new Affordable Care Act (ACA) health care environment, safety-net institutions continue to serve as important sources of culturally appropriate care for different groups of immigrant patients. This article reports on a qualitative study examining the early ACA enrollment experiences of a range of health care providers (n = 29) in six immigrant-serving safety-net clinics in New Mexico. The six clinics configured their ACA enrollment strategies differently with regard to operations, staffing, and outreach...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523128/comparison-of-medicines-management-strategies-in-insurance-schemes-in-middle-income-countries-four-case-studies
#6
Warren A Kaplan, Paul G Ashigbie, Mohamad I Brooks, Veronika J Wirtz
BACKGROUND: Many middle-income countries are scaling up health insurance schemes to provide financial protection and access to affordable medicines to poor and uninsured populations. Although there is a wealth of evidence on how high income countries with mature insurance schemes manage cost-effective use of medicines, there is limited evidence on the strategies used in middle-income countries. This paper compares the medicines management strategies that four insurance schemes in middle-income countries use to improve access and cost-effective use of medicines among beneficiaries...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512382/occurrence-of-belonolaimus-in-sinaloa-northwestern-mexico-a-new-report-on-distribution-and-host-range
#7
Manuel Mundo-Ocampo, J G Baldwin, T J Pereira, J R Camacho-Baez, A D Armenta-Bojorquez, M Camacho-Haro, J O Becker
The present study reports the occurrence of the genus Belonolaimus in the state of Sinaloa, Mexico, associated with native plants (i.e., Ziziphus amole and Stenocereus alamosensis) in a natural coastal ecosystem. Both morphological and molecular approaches were employed to characterize the Sinaloa population. Notwithstanding of some morphological and morphometric variation between Belonolaimus from Sinaloa and other valid species, the characterization indicates that this population might belong to the Belonolaimus longicaudatus species complex...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505217/effect-of-combined-patient-decision-aid-and-patient-navigation-vs-usual-care-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-vulnerable-patient-population-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Daniel S Reuland, Alison T Brenner, Richard Hoffman, Andrew McWilliams, Robert L Rhyne, Christina Getrich, Hazel Tapp, Mark A Weaver, Danelle Callan, Laura Cubillos, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Michael P Pignone
Importance: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underused, especially among vulnerable populations. Decision aids and patient navigation are potentially complementary interventions for improving CRC screening rates, but their combined effect on screening completion is unknown. Objective: To determine the combined effect of a CRC screening decision aid and patient navigation compared with usual care on CRC screening completion. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial, data were collected from January 2014 to March 2016 at 2 community health center practices, 1 in North Carolina and 1 in New Mexico, serving vulnerable populations...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500972/fate-and-transport-of-hexahydro-1-3-5-trinitro-1-3-5-triazine-rdx-and-its-degradation-products-in-sedimentary-and-volcanic-rocks-los-alamos-new-mexico
#9
Brent Porter Heerspink, Sachin Pandey, Hakim Boukhalfa, Doug S Ware, Oana Marina, George Perkins, Velimir V Vesselinov, Giday WoldeGabriel
High-explosive compounds including hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) were used extensively in weapons research and testing at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Liquid effluents containing RDX were released to an outfall pond that flowed to Cañon de Valle at LANL's Technical Area 16 (TA-16), resulting in the contamination of the alluvial, intermediate and regional groundwater bodies. Monitoring of groundwater within Cañon de Valle has shown persistent RDX in the intermediate perched zone located between 225 and 311 m below ground surface...
May 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490780/intrabasin-variability-of-east-pacific-tropical-cyclones-during-enso-regulated-by-central-american-gap-winds
#10
Dan Fu, Ping Chang, Christina M Patricola
Hurricane Patricia in 2015 was the strongest Pacific hurricane to make landfall in Mexico. Although Patricia fortuitously spared major cities, it reminded us of the threat tropical cyclones (TCs) pose in the eastern North Pacific (ENP) and the importance of improving our understanding and prediction of ENP TCs. Patricia's intensity and the active 2015 ENP hurricane season have been partially attributed to the strong El Niño in 2015, however there is still a lack of fundamental understanding of the relationship between El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and ENP TCs...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489198/are-the-dinosauromorph-femora-from-the-upper-triassic-of-hayden-quarry-new-mexico-three-stages-in-a-growth-series-of-a-single-taxon
#11
Rodrigo T Müller
The lagerpetid Dromomeron romeri and the theropod Tawa hallae are two dinosauromorphs from the Norian (Upper Triassic) of the Chinle Formation, situated in New Mexico, USA. However, a recent study suggests the inclusion of the holotype of D. romeri (GR 218) and paratype (GR 155) and referred (GR 235) specimens of T. hallae in an ontogenetic series of a single species. The specimens GR 218 and GR 155 include just an isolated femur, while GR235 includes femora, pelvis and tail. The inclusion of the specimens in an unique ontogenetic series relies on the putative immature condition and plastic deformation of the specimen GR 218...
May 2, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486822/reframing-knowledge-in-colonization-plebeians-and-municipalities-in-the-environmental-expertise-of-the-spanish-atlantic
#12
Vera S Candiani
Promoting a better understanding of the phenomenon of colonization and its connection with environmental knowledge and technology, this article proposes a reframing of research agendas to take into account the municipal character of colonization in the Hispanic realm and to ask new questions. Questions should address what human-ecosystem relations, and the ways of knowing and techniques for transforming the physical realm, can tell us about colonization itself; who the historical agents involved were, and what these actors knew, learned, and did in their environments...
May 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486652/swabbing-prairie-dog-burrows-for-fleas-that-transmit-yersinia-pestis-influences-on-efficiency
#13
David A Eads
Scientists and health-care professionals sometimes use a swabbing technique to collect fleas from rodent burrows, and later test the fleas for Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague. Detection of Y. pestis is enhanced when large pools of fleas are available. The following study investigated factors that might affect the rate at which fleas are collected from burrows in colonies of black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus). Data were collected from 13 colonies in New Mexico during 0600-1000 hours, June-August 2010-2011...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484800/cancer-immunotherapy-without-frontiers-2nd-annual-immuno-oncology-meeting-of-the-centro-de-investigaci%C3%A3-n-de-cancer-en-sonora-cics-ciudad-obreg%C3%A3-n-sonora-m%C3%A3-xico-dec-2-4-2016
#14
Dolores Gallardo-Rincón, Juan Pablo Marquez, Esteban Celis
This meeting in immuno-oncology brought together clinicians and scientists from United States, Canada, and México with the goal of breaking down international walls and establishing new collaborations.
May 8, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484675/plants-from-the-abandoned-nacozari-mine-tailings-evaluation-of-their-phytostabilization-potential
#15
Alina E Santos, Rocio Cruz-Ortega, Diana Meza-Figueroa, Francisco M Romero, Jose Jesus Sanchez-Escalante, Raina M Maier, Julia W Neilson, Luis David Alcaraz, Francisco E Molina Freaner
Phytostabilization is a remediation technology that uses plants for in-situ stabilization of contamination in soils and mine tailings. The objective of this study was to identify native plant species with potential for phytostabilization of the abandoned mine tailings in Nacozari, Sonora in northern Mexico. A flora of 42 species in 16 families of angiosperms was recorded on the tailings site and the abundance of the most common perennial species was estimated. Four of the five abundant perennial species showed evidence of regeneration: the ability to reproduce and establish new seedlings...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484637/chance-long-distance-or-human-mediated-dispersal-how-acacia-s-l-farnesiana-attained-its-pan-tropical-distribution
#16
Karen L Bell, Haripriya Rangan, Manuel M Fernandes, Christian A Kull, Daniel J Murphy
Acacia s.l. farnesiana, which originates from Mesoamerica, is the most widely distributed Acacia s.l. species across the tropics. It is assumed that the plant was transferred across the Atlantic to southern Europe by Spanish explorers, and then spread across the Old World tropics through a combination of chance long-distance and human-mediated dispersal. Our study uses genetic analysis and information from historical sources to test the relative roles of chance and human-mediated dispersal in its distribution...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484286/environmental-inequality-and-pollution-advantage-among-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#17
Maryia Bakhtsiyarava, Raphael J Nawrotzki
Environmental inequality scholarship has paid little attention to the disproportional exposure of immigrants in the United States (U.S.) to unfavorable environmental conditions. This study investigates whether new international migrants in the U.S. are exposed to environmental hazards and how this pattern varies among immigrant subpopulations (e.g., Hispanics, Asian, European). We combine sociodemographic information from the American Community Survey with toxicity-weighted chemical concentrations (Toxics Release Inventory) to model the relationship between toxin exposure and the relative population of recent immigrants across Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs, n=2,054) during 2005-2011...
April 2017: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482960/tuberculosis-disease-among-mexico-born-individuals-living-in-new-york-city-2001-2014
#18
N L Stennis, J S Meissner, D Bhavnani, B Kreiswirth, S Desai Ahuja
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) has decreased substantially in New York City (NYC), but progress has slowed in recent years. Continued declines will require novel approaches tailored to foreign-born populations. OBJECTIVE: To describe TB epidemiology among the Mexico-born population of NYC to inform interventions in this community. DESIGN: The study included NYC patients with TB disease identified from 2001 to 2014. Incidence rates were compared by country of birth groupings...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479997/anthropogenic-noise-changes-arthropod-abundances
#19
Jessie P Bunkley, Christopher J W McClure, Akito Y Kawahara, Clinton D Francis, Jesse R Barber
Anthropogenic noise is a widespread and growing form of sensory pollution associated with the expansion of human infrastructure. One specific source of constant and intense noise is that produced by compressors used for the extraction and transportation of natural gas. Terrestrial arthropods play a central role in many ecosystems, and given that numerous species rely upon airborne sounds and substrate-borne vibrations in their life histories, we predicted that increased background sound levels or the presence of compressor noise would influence their distributions...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475675/primary-care-physicians-use-of-the-proposed-classification-of-common-mental-disorders-for-icd-11
#20
David P Goldberg, Tai-Pong Lam, Fareed Minhas, Bushra Razzaque, Rebeca Robles, Julio Bobes, Celso Iglesias, Sandra Fortes, Jair de Jesus Mari, Linda Gask, José Ángel García, Anthony C Dowell, Marianne Rosendal, Geoffrey M Reed
Background.: The World Health Organization is revising the classification of common mental disorders in primary care for ICD-11. Major changes from the ICD-10 primary care version have been proposed for: (i) mood and anxiety disorders; and (ii) presentations of multiple somatic symptoms (bodily stress syndrome). This three-part field study explored the implementation of the revised classification by primary care physicians (PCPs) in five countries. Methods.: Participating PCPs in Brazil, China, Mexico, Pakistan and Spain were asked to use the revised classification, first in patients that they suspected might be psychologically distressed (Part 1), and second in patients with multiple somatic symptoms causing distress or disability not wholly attributable to a known physical pathology, or with high levels of health anxiety (Part 2)...
May 4, 2017: Family Practice
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