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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328312/adolescent-substance-use-assessing-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-a-school-based-health-center-workforce
#1
Mary M Ramos, Rachel A Sebastian, Mary Murphy, Kristin Oreskovich, Timothy P Condon
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the potential for school-based health centers (SBHCs) to provide access points for adolescent substance use care. In 2015, the University of New Mexico began screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) training for providers at New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH)-funded SBHCs across the state. This study assesses baseline knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the New Mexico SBHC provider workforce regarding adolescent substance use and provision of services...
February 8, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316348/new-skills-new-jobs-return-migration-skill-transfers-and-business-formation-in-mexico
#2
Jacqueline Maria Hagan, Joshua Wassink
Numerous studies have documented a high propensity for self-employment and business formation among return migrants relative to non-migrants. The literature points to the importance of remitted savings, migration duration, and number and types of jobs abroad for business formation upon return. Implicit in this scholarship is the assumption that migrants acquire not only financial capital, but also human capital, which expands their opportunities upon return. Empirical work has demonstrated how the transfer of formal human capital, such as language skills and professional credentials, influences the mobility pathways of professional return migrants...
November 2016: Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302363/new-surgical-technique-for-creation-of-a-continent-appendicostomy-invaginated-appendicostomy
#3
Maria Zornoza, Alejandro Ruiz-Montañez, Guillermo Victoria-Morales, Luis De la Torre-Mondragón
INTRODUCTION: The main complications of appendicostomy are stenosis and stomal fecal leakage. Although many authors report that the appendix is naturally continent, it is recommended to perform a plication of the cecum with the appendix to prevent stomal fecal leakage. We present here the creation of a different continent mechanism. Our technique is advantageous when the anatomy, vascularity, or the length of the appendix does not allow for a standard plication procedure. DESCRIPTION OF OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE: During 2014-2016 we performed four appendicostomies in patients with anorectal malformations with fecal incontinence that requested an "Antegrade Continent Enema" procedure after a successful bowel management program in the Colorectal Center for Children of Mexico...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295427/microbial-dynamics-in-anaerobic-digestion-reactors-for-treating-organic-urban-residues-during-the-start-up-process
#4
Rocio J Alcántara-Hernández, Neslihan Taş, Sandra Carlos-Pinedo, Alfonso Durán-Moreno, Luisa I Falcón
Anaerobic digestion of organic residues offers economic benefits via biogas production, still methane (CH4 ) yield relies on the development of a robust microbial consortia for adequate substrate degradation, among other factors. In this study, we monitor biogas production and changes in the microbial community composition in two semi-continuous stirred tank reactors during the setting process under mesophilic conditions (35°C) using a 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing method. Reactors were initially inoculated with anaerobic granular sludge from a brewery wastewater treatment plant, and gradually fed with organic urban residues (4...
March 13, 2017: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293829/plant-growth-in-amended-molybdenum-mine-waste-rock
#5
Owen T Burney, Edward F Redente, Charles E Lambert
This greenhouse study examined the use of organic and inorganic soil amendments in waste rock material from the former Questa Molybdenum Mine in northern New Mexico to promote beneficial soil properties. Waste rock material was amended with 11 soil amendment treatments that included municipal composted biosolids, Biosol®, inorganic fertilizer, and two controls (pure waste rock and sand). Elymus trachycaulus and Robinia neomexicana growth performance and plant chemistry were assessed across all treatments over a period of 99 and 141 days, respectively...
March 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293542/whole-genome-sequence-and-phylogenetic-analysis-show-helicobacter-pylori-strains-from-latin-america-have-followed-a-unique-evolution-pathway
#6
Zilia Y Muñoz-Ramírez, Alfonso Mendez-Tenorio, Ikuko Kato, Maria M Bravo, Cosmeri Rizzato, Kaisa Thorell, Roberto Torres, Francisco Aviles-Jimenez, Margarita Camorlinga, Federico Canzian, Javier Torres
Helicobacter pylori (HP) genetics may determine its clinical outcomes. Despite high prevalence of HP infection in Latin America (LA), there have been no phylogenetic studies in the region. We aimed to understand the structure of HP populations in LA mestizo individuals, where gastric cancer incidence remains high. The genome of 107 HP strains from Mexico, Nicaragua and Colombia were analyzed with 59 publicly available worldwide genomes. To study bacterial relationship on whole genome level we propose a virtual hybridization technique using thousands of high-entropy 13 bp DNA probes to generate fingerprints...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292508/pharmacy-based-statewide-naloxone-distribution-a-novel-top-down-bottom-up-approach
#7
Kate J Morton, Brianna Harrand, Carly Cloud Floyd, Craig Schaefer, Julie Acosta, Bridget Claire Logan, Karen Clark
OBJECTIVE: To highlight New Mexico's multifaceted approach to widespread pharmacy naloxone distribution and to share the interventions as a tool for improving pharmacy-based naloxone practices in other states. SETTING: New Mexico had the second highest drug overdose death rate in 2014 of which 53% were related to prescription opioids. Opioid overdose death is preventable through the use of naloxone, a safe and effective medication that reverses the effects of prescription opioids and heroin...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287336/current-outlook-of-childhood-cancer-epidemiology-in-a-middle-income-country-under-a-public-health-insurance-program
#8
Roberto Rivera-Luna, Liliana Velasco-Hidalgo, Marta Zapata-Tarrés, Rocío Cárdenas-Cardos, Marco R Aguilar-Ortiz
In Mexico, childhood cancer (0-18 years) is treated in a multidisciplinary way while providing care for more than half of the affected children through a public medical insurance. This insurance is given to all children who do not have any health care coverage in Mexico. This program is offered to the poorest of all Mexicans. All the children with this disease are submitted to pathology diagnosis and treatment according to national treatment protocols from 57 accredited medical institutions. From 2007 to 2015, a total of 24,039 children with cancer have been registered; the male gender predominates by 55%...
March 13, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286101/the-biogeographic-and-evolutionary-history-of-an-endemic-clade-of-middle-american-sparrows-melozone-and-aimophila-aves-passerellidae
#9
Luis Sandoval, Kevin L Epperly, John Klicka, Daniel J Mennill
The large number of endemic species in Middle America is frequently attributed to the interplay of geographical barriers and historical climatic changes in the region. This process promotes genetic divergence between populations, and given enough time, may yield new species. Animals that inhabit mid-elevation or highland habitats may be disproportionately affected in this way. Genetic analyses of animals in this region allow us to better understand how historical patterns of isolation have influenced the generation of new species in this biodiversity hotspot...
March 7, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284660/itraq-based-quantitative-proteomics-discovering-potential-serum-biomarkers-in-locoweed-poisoned-rabbits
#10
Jifeng Jiao, Shuai Wang, Ruishi Zhang, Zhiyan Ma, Guofeng Du, Xiaolu Chen, Dayong Tao, Jinxiang Zhao
Locoism threatens the sustainable development of animal husbandry in areas around the world with intensified desertification, especially in the western United States, western China, Canada, and Mexico, among other countries. This study was conducted to discover potential serum biomarkers in locoweed-poisoned rabbits and lay a foundation for early diagnosis of locoism. We performed iTRAQ labeling coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (2D LC-MS/MS), comparing locoweed-poisoned rabbits and healthy controls...
March 8, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277018/gender-and-national-origin-differences-in-healthcare-utilization-among-u-s-immigrants-from-mexico-china-and-india
#11
Jen'nan Ghazal Read, Paige Borelli Smith
OBJECTIVES: To examine gender and national origin differences in the healthcare utilization of immigrants from the three largest populations in the U.S. today (Mexico, China, and India) and to determine if barriers to utilization operate similarly across groups. METHODS: The analysis uses nationally-representative data from the 2003 New Immigrant Survey (NIS) to compare utilization behaviors among legal permanent residents from Mexico, China, and India (n = 2244)...
February 28, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276089/life-space-mobility-and-cognitive-decline-among-mexican-americans-aged-75-years-and-older
#12
Seraina Silberschmidt, Amit Kumar, Mukaila M Raji, Kyriakos Markides, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Soham Al Snih
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between life-space mobility and cognitive decline over a five-year period among older Mexican Americans. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly survey conducted in the southwestern of United States (Texas, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California). PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred thirty-two Mexican Americans aged 75 and older with normal or high cognitive function at baseline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270796/volcanic-soils-as-sources-of-novel-co-oxidizing-paraburkholderia-and-burkholderia-paraburkholderia-hiiakae-sp-nov-paraburkholderia-metrosideri-sp-nov-paraburkholderia-paradisi-sp-nov-paraburkholderia-peleae-sp-nov-and-burkholderia-alpina-sp-nov-a-member-of
#13
Carolyn F Weber, Gary M King
Previous studies showed that members of the Burkholderiales were important in the succession of aerobic, molybdenum-dependent CO oxidizing-bacteria on volcanic soils. During these studies, four isolates were obtained from Kilauea Volcano (Hawai'i, USA); one strain was isolated from Pico de Orizaba (Mexico) during a separate study. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, the Pico de Orizaba isolate and the isolates from Kilauea Volcano were provisionally assigned to the genera Burkholderia and Paraburkholderia, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270210/understanding-and-acceptability-by-hispanic-consumers-of-four-front-of-pack-food-labels
#14
Vanessa De la Cruz-Góngora, Pilar Torres, Alejandra Contreras-Manzano, Alejandra Jáuregui de la Mota, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Salvador Villalpando, Guadalupe Rodríguez-Oliveros
BACKGROUND: Front-of-pack food labels (FOPL) can help consumers make healthy and informed food choices. FOPL are used in the food market but evaluations of their understanding and acceptability are scanty. This study aimed to explore the subjective understanding and acceptability of four FOPL among Hispanic consumers. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in six States of Mexico, in 18 urban elementary schools. A purposive sample of 135 parents of fifth-grade children was selected...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269237/defining-new-aims-for-bme-programs-in-latin-america-the-case-of-uam-iztapalapa
#15
J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez, M E G Urbina, M M Cadena, E Sacristan
The need for upkeep and management of medical technology has fostered the creation of a large number of under graduate programs in the field of biomedical Engineering. In Latin America alone, there are over 85 programs dedicated to this. This contrasts with programs in other regions where most of the undergraduates continue on to pursue graduate degrees or work as research and development engineers in the biomedical industry. In this work we analyze the situation regarding curricular design in the 48 BME programs in Mexico and compare this to suggestions and classifications of programs according to needs and possibilities...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264418/new-species-of-mutillid-mimicking-i-enoclerus-i-gahan-coleoptera-cleridae-clerinae-from-mexico-and-central-america
#16
Jacques Rifkind
Six new species of Enoclerus are described: E. delusus n. sp. from Costa Rica and Panamá, E. incanus n. sp. from México, E. zip n. sp. from México and El Salvador, E. reductesignatus n. sp. from Panamá, and E. citrinifrons n. sp. and E. philogenes n. sp. from Costa Rica. The new species are hypothesized to participate in a Batesian mimicry complex with boldly marked diurnal mutillid wasps as their model. Enoclerus crabronarius var. deletus Wolcott is elevated to species rank as E. deletus Wolcott new status...
February 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264416/four-new-species-taxonomic-and-nomenclatural-notes-in-i-hammatoderus%C3%A2-i-gemminger-amp-harold-1873-coleoptera-cerambycidae-lamiinae
#17
Juan Pablo Botero, Antonio Santos-Silva
Plagiohammus Dillon & Dillon, 1941 is considered a junior synonym of Hammatoderus Gemminger & Harold, 1873. Four new species are described: Hammatoderus juliae, from Colombia; H. migueli and H. antonkozlovi, from Ecuador; and H. lingafelteri, from Mexico. Hammoderus spinipennis Thomson, 1860, and Hammoderus quadriplagiatus Breuning, 1943 are placed as junior synonyms of Hammoderus thoracicus White, 1858 (= Hammatoderus thoracicus). Consequently, Hammatoderus jacobyi Nonfried, 1894, synonym of H. spinipennis, is also a junior synonym of H...
February 12, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264400/taxonomic-and-nomenclatorial-revision-within-the-neotropical-genera-of-the-subtribe-odontocheilina-w-horn-in-a-new-sense-18-six-mexican-and-central-american-species-related-to-i-odontocheila-i-i-mexicana-i-laporte-de-castelnau-and-i-o-ignita-i-chaudoir-with
#18
Jiří Moravec, David Brzoska, Ronald Huber
Results of taxonomic revision of Mexican and Central American species of the genus Odontocheila Laporte de Castelnau, 1834, related to Odontocheila mexicana Laporte de Castelnau, 1834 (rectified publication date) and O. ignita Chaudoir, 1860 are presented. Redescriptions of O. mexicana, O. iodopleura Bates, 1872 and O. exilis Bates, 1884 are provided with their lectotype designations, and redescriptions of O. tawahka Johnson, 1996 and O. ignita are presented. O. exilis is restored to its original species status...
February 13, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264360/new-species-of-the-damselfly-genus-i-argia-i-from-mexico-central-america-and-ecuador-with-an-emphasis-on-costa-rica-insecta-odonata-coenagrionidae
#19
Rosser W Garrison, Natalia VON Ellenrieder
Seven new species of Argia are described, five of which occur in Costa Rica: Argia calverti n. sp. (Holotype ♂, Costa Rica, Cartago Prov., Tapantí Reserve, 1,310 m, 6 vii 1963, F. G. Thompson leg., in FSCA); Argia carolus n. sp. (Holotype ♂, Costa Rica, San José Prov., El Rodeo Biological Reserve, 7 km W of Villa Colón, 9°54' N, 84°16' W, 561 m, 10-13 vii 1990, T. W. Donnelly leg., in FSCA); Argia elongata n. sp. (Holotype ♂, Costa Rica, Cartago Prov., Reventazón river, SE of Turrialba by highway 10, 9°52'56'' N, 83°38'49'' W, 561 m, 10 viii 1979, R...
February 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264319/a-new-species-of-megatibicen-endemic-to-mescalero-monahans-shinnery-sands-hemiptera-i-auchenorrhyncha-i-cicadidae
#20
Jeffrey A Cole
Megatibicen harenosus sp. n. is described from the Mescalero-Monahans shinnery sands of New Mexico and Texas, U.S.A. The new species is diagnosed from similar species, especially M. tremulus which it resembles closely, by male genital morphology, color pattern, calling song, and ecology. Seven characters from the male calling song are described from analysis of field recordings, of which all four temporal song characters are significantly different from M. tremulus. With one of the most southwestern distribution of any Megatibicen species, M...
February 23, 2017: Zootaxa
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