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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103184/using-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-s-stay-independent-checklist-to-engage-a-community-of-american-indians-and-raise-awareness-about-risk-of-falls-2016
#1
Janet Popp, Debra L Waters, Karen Leekity, Donica Ghahate, Jeanette Bobelu, Ross Tsikewa, Carla J Herman, Vallabh Shah
BACKGROUND: The unintentional death rate from falls is higher among American Indians from the US Southwest than from other regions in the country. The Zuni Pueblo is a geographically isolated, rural American Indian community located in western New Mexico. Education and screening for falls risk is lacking in this community and may be needed to reduce falls and falls-related illness and death. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: Building on a 17-year relationship with the Zuni Health Initiative, meetings were held with Zuni tribal leadership, staff from the Zuni Senior Center and Zuni Home Health Services, members of the Zuni Comprehensive Community Health Center, Indian Health Service, and Zuni community health representatives (CHRs) to discuss elder falls in the community...
January 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089813/parasciadicleithrum-octofasciatum-n-gen-n-sp-monogenoidea-dactylogyridae-parasite-of-rocio-octofasciata-regan-cichlidae-perciformes-from-mexico-characterised-by-morphological-and-molecular-evidence
#2
Carlos A Mendoza-Palmero, Isabel Blasco-Costa, David Hernández-Mena, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
Based on an integrative taxonomic approach, combining morphological characters and partial sequences of the 28S rRNA gene, a new genus and species, Parasciadicleithrum octofasciatum, is proposed to accommodate dactylogyrids infecting the gills of Rocio octofasciata (Cichlidae) from a tributary of the Lacantún River basin, Chiapas State, southern Mexico. Morphologically, the new genus resembles members of Sciadicleithrum (Dactylogyridae) in the presence of membranes on the anterior margins of both ventral and dorsal haptoral bars...
January 13, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088221/role-of-pelvic-and-para-aortic-lymphadenectomy-in-abandoned-radical-hysterectomy-in-cervical-cancer
#3
Salim Abraham Barquet-Muñoz, Gabriel Jaime Rendón-Pereira, Denise Acuña-González, Monica Vanessa Heymann Peñate, Luis Alonso Herrera-Montalvo, Lenny Nadia Gallardo-Alvarado, David Francisco Cantú-de León, René Pareja
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) occupies fourth place in cancer incidence and mortality worldwide in women, with 560,505 new cases and 284,923 deaths per year. Approximately, nine of every ten (87%) take place in developing countries. When a macroscopic nodal involvement is discovered during a radical hysterectomy (RH), there is controversy in the literature between resect macroscopic lymph node compromise or abandonment of the surgery and sending the patient for standard chemo-radiotherapy treatment...
January 14, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088165/genomic-characterization-of-ensifer-aridi-a-proposed-new-species-of-nitrogen-fixing-rhizobium-recovered-from-asian-african-and-american-deserts
#4
Antoine Le Quéré, Nisha Tak, Hukam Singh Gehlot, Celine Lavire, Thibault Meyer, David Chapulliot, Sonam Rathi, Ilham Sakrouhi, Guadalupe Rocha, Marine Rohmer, Dany Severac, Abdelkarim Filali-Maltouf, Jose-Antonio Munive
BACKGROUND: Nitrogen fixing bacteria isolated from hot arid areas in Asia, Africa and America but from diverse leguminous plants have been recently identified as belonging to a possible new species of Ensifer (Sinorhizobium). In this study, 6 strains belonging to this new clade were compared with Ensifer species at the genome-wide level. Their capacities to utilize various carbon sources and to establish a symbiotic interaction with several leguminous plants were examined. RESULTS: Draft genomes of selected strains isolated from Morocco (Merzouga desert), Mexico (Baja California) as well as from India (Thar desert) were produced...
January 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081055/state-level-lifetime-medical-and-work-loss-costs-of-fatal-injuries-united-states-2014
#5
Feijun Luo, Curtis Florence
Injury-associated deaths have substantial economic consequences in the United States. The total estimated lifetime medical and work-loss costs associated with fatal injuries in 2013 were $214 billion (1). In 2014, unintentional injury, suicide, and homicide (the fourth, tenth, and seventeenth leading causes of death, respectively) accounted for 194,635 deaths in the United States (2). In 2014, a total of 199,756 fatal injuries occurred in the United States, and the associated lifetime medical and work-loss costs were $227 billion (3)...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080903/stress-levels-in-captured-river-otters-lontra-canadensis-decreased-after-transportation-to-reintroduction-sites
#6
Rebekah T Taylor, Jennifer A Wong, Thomas L Serfass
The level of stress that animals endure during capture, handling, transportation, and release processes is a major concern of animal reintroduction projects. Animals under chronic stress are more susceptible to disease and other deleterious issues that could reduce their survival in a new environment. Northern river otters ( Lontra canadensis ) have been reintroduced in 22 states in the United States and may be susceptible to developing chronic stress during the reintroduction process. We assessed stress levels in five river otters captured from wild populations in Washington, held in captivity for up to 21 days, and then transported to New Mexico for reintroduction...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079497/meanings-of-waves-electroencephalography-and-society-in-mexico-city-1940-1950
#7
Nuria Valverde Pérez
Argument This paper focuses on the uses of electroencephalograms (EEGs) in Mexico during their introductory decade from 1940 to 1950. Following Borck (2006), I argue that EEGs adapted to fit local circumstances and that this adjustment led to the consolidation of different ways of making science and the emergence of new objects of study and social types. I also maintain that the way EEGs were introduced into the institutional networks of Mexico entangled them in discussions about the objective and juridical definitions of social groups, thereby preempting concerns about their technical and epistemic limitations...
December 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078518/public-policy-performance-for-social-development-solar-energy-approach-to-assess-technological-outcome-in-mexico-city-metropolitan-area
#8
Angel Raúl Arenas-Aquino, Y Matsumoto-Kuwabara, M Kleiche-Dray
Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) is the most populated urban area in the country. In 2010, MCMA required 14.8% of total energy domestic demand, but greenhouse gas emissions accounted for 7.7% of domestic emissions. Mexico has massive renewable energy potential that could be harnessed through solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. The problem to explore is the relationship between local and federal public strategies in MCMA and their stance on energy transition concern, social empowerment, new technology appropriation, and the will to boost social development and urban sustainability...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076580/-cag-n-polymorphism-of-the-atxn2-gene-a-new-marker-of-susceptibility-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Luis J Flores-Alvarado, Nory O Dávalos-Rodríguez, Diana García-Cruz, Perla M Madrigal-Ruiz, Rosalba Ruiz-Mejía, María E Aguilar-Aldrete, Nemesio Villa-Ruano, Sergio Alberto Ramirez-Garcia
Objective: Estimate whether there is an association between the (CAG)n repeat in the ATXN2 gene in the Mexican population and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods: Epidemiological case-control study, including healthy people and diabetics. (CAG)n expansion was detected by end-point polymerase chain reaction (PCR). PCR outputs were analyzed by electrophoresis (PAGE 8%) and silver nitrate staining. Results: (CAG)n nucleotide allele distribution in the study population was similar to that reported in central Mexico...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073547/morphology-molecular-phylogeny-and-azaspiracid-profile-of-azadinium-poporum-dinophyceae-from-the-gulf-of-mexico
#10
REVIEW
Zhaohe Luo, Bernd Krock, Kenneth Neil Mertens, Andrea Michelle Price, Robert Eugene Turner, Nancy N Rabalais, Haifeng Gu
Azadinium poporum produces a variety of azaspiracids and consists of several ribotypes, but information on its biogeography is limited. A strain of A. poporum (GM29) was incubated from a Gulf of Mexico sediment sample. Strain GM29 was characterized by a plate pattern of po, cp, x, 4', 3a, 6″, 6C, 5S, 6‴, 2⁗, a distinct ventral pore at the junction of po and the first two apical plates, and a lack of an antapical spine, thus fitting the original description of A. poporum. The genus Azadinium has not been reported in waters of the United States of America before this study...
May 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070671/place-of-death-of-children-with-complex-chronic-conditions-cross-national-study-of-11-countries
#11
Cecilia Håkanson, Joakim Öhlén, Ulrika Kreicbergs, Marylou Cardenas-Turanzas, Donna M Wilson, Martin Loucka, Sandra Frache, Lucia Giovannetti, Wayne Naylor, YongJoo Rhee, Miguel Ruiz Ramos, Joan Teno, Kim Beernaert, Luc Deliens, Dirk Houttekier, Joachim Cohen
: Cross-national understanding of place of death is crucial for health service systems for their provision of efficient and equal access to paediatric palliative care. The objectives of this population-level study were to examine where children with complex chronic conditions (CCC) die and to investigate associations between places of death and sex, cause of death and country. The study used death certificate data of all deceased 1- to 17-year-old children (n = 40,624) who died in 2008, in 11 European and non-European countries...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062991/complementary-description-of-ergasilus-arthrosis-roberts-1969-copepoda-poecilostomatoida-ergasilidae-a-new-parasite-of-cichlid-teleosts-in-southeast-mexico
#12
María Isabel Jiménez-García, Eduardo Suárez-Morales
During a parasitological survey of the ichthyofauna of Lake Catemaco, a freshwater system in the Mexican State of Veracruz, the widespread copepod Ergasilus arthrosis Roberts, 1969 was recovered from two cichlid teleosts, Mayaheros urophthalmus (Günther) and Oreochromis sp. This is the first confirmed record of this copepod species outside of the United States and from Mexico; its finding as a parasite of cichlids represents an expansion of the known host range for this copepod. The local prevalence and intensity of infection of E...
January 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062823/health-extension-and-clinical-and-translational-science-an-innovative-strategy-for-community-engagement
#13
Arthur Kaufman, Robert L Rhyne, Juliana Anastasoff, Francisco Ronquillo, Marnie Nixon, Shiraz Mishra, Charlene Poola, Janet Page-Reeves, Carolina Nkouaga, Carla Cordova, Richard S Larson
Health Extension Regional Officers (HEROs) through the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (UNMHSC) help to facilitate university-community engagement throughout New Mexico. HEROs, based in communities across the state, link priority community health needs with university resources in education, service, and research. Researchers' studies are usually aligned with federal funding priorities rather than with health priorities expressed by communities. To help overcome this misalignment, the UNM Clinical and Translational Science Center (CTSC) provides partial funding for HEROs to bridge the divide between research priorities of UNMHSC and health priorities of the state's communities...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062811/moving-upstream-health-extension-and-primary-care
#14
Lyle J Fagnan
Health extension programs represent an opportunity for practice-based research networks (PBRNs) and primary care practices to develop collaborations reaching beyond the clinic walls to address the upstream social determinants of health and engage in community-based research. The Health Extension Regional Officers (HEROs) program at the University of New Mexico described in this issue of the JABFM is an innovative model with a bidirectional approach to linking academic health centers to community-based practices and organizations...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062808/practice-innovation-for-care-integration-opioid-management-and-quality-measurement-in-family-medicine
#15
EDITORIAL
Anne Victoria Neale, Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen
Ringing in the new year 2017! This may finally be the year of real practice improvement after many false starts. Research into practice transformation has informed both local work and national policy. Human factors and payment structures are key. And payment structures depend on how quality is measured. Large gaps between practicing physician recommendations for the most important quality measures and those currently imposed externally are exposed in this issue. Also see information on in-practice social work consultations and their outcomes and recommendations from innovators in integrated care, and for chronic opioid therapy management based on visits to many family medicine offices...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052511/sound-settlement-noise-surpasses-land-cover-in-explaining-breeding-habitat-selection-of-secondary-cavity-nesting-birds
#16
Nathan J Kleist, Robert P Guralnick, Alexander Cruz, Clinton D Francis
Birds breeding in heterogeneous landscapes select nest sites by cueing in on a variety of factors from landscape features and social information to the presence of natural enemies. We focus on determining the relative impact of anthropogenic noise on nest site occupancy, compared to amount of forest cover, which is known to strongly influence the selection process. We examine chronic, industrial noise from natural gas wells directly measured at the nest box as well as site-averaged noise, using a well-established field experimental system in northwestern New Mexico...
January 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050698/notes-on-teskeyellus-philip-fairchild-diptera-tabanidae-diachlorini-and-description-of-t-cyanommatus-sp-nov-a-non-blood-sucking-horsefly-from-the-amazon-basin
#17
A L Henriques, D D D Carmo
The monotypic genus Teskeyellus was described for T. hirsuticornis Philip & Fairchild 1974, from Mexico. After more than 40 years, another species is described in the genus, T. cyanommatus sp. nov., based on two females and one male specimens from Amazon basin. The type specimens of T. hirsuticornis were studied and we concluded that there are enough similarities to include the new species in Teskeyellus.
January 3, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049040/phylogeny-of-the-fern-subfamily-pteridoideae-pteridaceae-pteridophyta-with-the-description-of-a-new-genus-gastoniella
#18
Liang Zhang, Xin-Mao Zhou, Ngan Thi Lu, Li-Bing Zhang
As the second most genera-rich fern family, Pteridaceae contain more than 1000 species contributing to ca. 10% of extant leptosporangiate fern diversity. The subfamily Pteridoideae is one of the five subfamilies often recognized. The circumscription of Pteridoideae has not been clear. A large number of species have not yet been included in any molecular analyses before. In this study, DNA sequences of six plastid loci of 154 accessions representing ca. 87 species in 14 genera of Pteridaceae subfam. Pteridoideae and four accessions representing two species in subfam...
December 31, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046867/su-f-p-06-moving-from-computed-radiography-to-digital-radiography-a-collaborative-approach-to-improve-image-quality
#19
D Sandoval, D Valenti, T Bateman, V Norris, G Mlady, R Selwyn
PURPOSE: To bring together radiologists, technologists, and physicists to utilize post-processing techniques in digital radiography (DR) in order to optimize image acquisition and improve image quality. METHODS: Sub-optimal images acquired on a new General Electric (GE) DR system were flagged for follow-up by radiologists and reviewed by technologists and medical physicists. Various exam types from adult musculoskeletal (n=35), adult chest (n=4), and pediatric (n=7) were chosen for review...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043701/unconventional-oil-and-gas-spills-materials-volumes-and-risks-to-surface-waters-in-four-states-of-the-u-s
#20
Kelly O Maloney, Sharon Baruch-Mordo, Lauren A Patterson, Jean-Philippe Nicot, Sally A Entrekin, Joseph E Fargione, Joseph M Kiesecker, Kate E Konschnik, Joseph N Ryan, Anne M Trainor, James E Saiers, Hannah J Wiseman
Extraction of oil and gas from unconventional sources, such as shale, has dramatically increased over the past ten years, raising the potential for spills or releases of chemicals, waste materials, and oil and gas. We analyzed spill data associated with unconventional wells from Colorado, New Mexico, North Dakota and Pennsylvania from 2005 to 2014, where we defined unconventional wells as horizontally drilled into an unconventional formation. We identified materials spilled by state and for each material we summarized frequency, volumes and spill rates...
December 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
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