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J L Denson, J L Kennedy, W N Dehority, M M Eickman, K S Schwalm, A N Stoner, J C Kincaid, T J Abramo, T M Thompson, E M Ulloa, S W Burchiel, S A Young, D L Dinwiddie
Using target capture of viral nucleic acid and next-generation sequencing, we generated the complete genomes of two novel human parainfluenza virus 1 isolates. Isolates AR001 (accession no. KX570602) and NM001 (accession no. KX639498) were collected 3 months apart from pediatric patients with acute respiratory infection from Arkansas and New Mexico, respectively.
October 13, 2016: Genome Announcements
Gonza Namulanda, Michele M Monti, Prakash Mulay, Sheila Higgins, Michelle Lackovic, Abby Schwartz, Joanne Bonnar Prado, Justin Waltz, Yvette Mitchell, Geoffrey M Calvert
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) collects data on acute pesticide-related illness and injury reported by 12 states (California, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Texas, and Washington). This report summarizes the data on illnesses and injuries arising from nonoccupational exposure to conventional pesticides that were reported during 2007-2011. Conventional pesticides include insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fumigants...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Geoffrey M Calvert, John Beckman, Joanne Bonnar Prado, Heidi Bojes, Abby Schwartz, Prakash Mulay, Kathy Leinenkugel, Sheila Higgins, Michelle Lackovic, Justin Waltz, Derry Stover, Stephanie Moraga-McHaley
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) collects data on acute pesticide-related illness and injury reported by 12 states (California, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Nebraska, North Carolina, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Texas, and Washington). This report summarizes the data on illnesses and injuries arising from occupational exposure to conventional pesticides from 2007 through 2011. This report is a part of the Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks - United States, which encompasses various surveillance years but is being published in 2016 (1)...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Vicente Ortún, Beatriz G López-Valcárcel, Jaime Pinilla
This article provides a critical review about the challenges that taxes on sugary drinks as an instrument of health policy must face to reverse the trend of the current epidemics of obesity. We analyzed the experiences of the leading countries, particularly Mexico, and reflect on the counterweight exerted by the industry against obesity policies, and on the power of lobbyists. Those tax policies for public health have to overcome the enormous strength of the industry, which is exerted in several-science and research, brand reputation, influence on regulators-levels...
October 13, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Bassent E Abdelbary, Moncerrato Garcia-Viveros, Horacio Ramirez-Oropesa, Mohammad H Rahbar, Blanca I Restrepo
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a re-emerging risk factor for TB development and adverse TB outcomes. As a follow-up of our previous study in 1998-2004, we reassessed prevalence of DM and its associated factors among 8431 TB patients using surveillance data from 2006 to 2013 for the Mexican state of Tamaulipas, across the border with Texas. Prevalence of DM was 25.2%, with an increase of at least 2.8% over the study period. Newly discovered factors associated with TB-DM (versus no DM) were lower education and higher unemployment (p < 0...
September 28, 2016: Tuberculosis
Mona Sarfaty, Jennifer Kreslake, Gary Ewart, Tee L Guidotti, George D Thurston, John R Balmes, Edward W Maibach
The American Thoracic Society (ATS), in collaboration with George Mason University, surveyed international members of the society to assess perceptions, clinical experiences, and preferred policy responses related to global climate change. A recruitment email was sent by the ATS President in October 2015 to 5,013 international members. Subsequently, four reminder emails were sent to nonrespondents. Responses were received from 489 members in 68 countries; the response rate was 9.8%. Half of respondents reported working in countries in Asia (25%) or Europe (25%), with the remainder in South America (18%), North America (Canada and Mexico) (18%), Australia or New Zealand (9%), and Africa (6%)...
October 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Christopher R Stephens, Constantino González-Salazar, Víctor Sánchez-Cordero, Ingeborg Becker, Eduardo Rebollar-Tellez, Ángel Rodríguez-Moreno, Miriam Berzunza-Cruz, Cristina Domingo Balcells, Gabriel Gutiérrez-Granados, Mircea Hidalgo-Mihart, Carlos N Ibarra-Cerdeña, Martha Pilar Ibarra López, Luis Ignacio Iñiguez Dávalos, María Magdalena Ramírez Martínez
Zoonoses are an important class of infectious diseases. An important element determining the impact of a zoonosis on domestic animal and human health is host range. Although for particular zoonoses some host species have been identified, until recently there have been no methods to predict those species most likely to be hosts or their relative importance. Complex inference networks infer potential biotic interactions between species using their degree of geographic co-occurrence, and have been posited as a potential tool for predicting disease hosts...
October 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
April L Bagwill, Matthew B Lovern, Thomas A Worthington, Loren M Smith, Scott T McMurry
Amphibian metamorphosis is complex and larval morphology and physiology are completely restructured during this time. Amphibians that live in unpredictable environments are often exposed to stressors that can directly and indirectly alter physiological systems during development, with subsequent consequences (carryover effects) later in life. In this study, we investigated the effects of water level reduction on development rate, spleen size and cellularity, and examined the role of corticosterone levels in premetamorphic, metamorphic, and postmetamorphic New Mexico spadefoot toads (Spea multiplicata)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological Genetics and Physiology
Heberto Arboleya Casanova, Héctor Marino Zavala Sánchez, Angélica María Hernández Fernández, Dulce Janeth González Herrera
In 2009, with the implementation of the National Hospital Pharmacy Model, Mexico began regulating single-dose drugs. The repackaging of oral drugs is fundamental and critical and should be standardized by Mexican health legislation to enable quality drugs to be dispensed. Data is required on stability, compatibility, drug interactions, containers, and repackaging methods, in order to establish a new expiration date. The literature on health regulations applicable to repackaging was analyzed, revealing major conceptual imprecisions since there is no legislation in Mexico that regulates repackaging; rather, everything is carried out according to pharmacists' recommendations and criteria...
June 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Manuel A Barrios-Izás, Robert S Anderson, Juan J Morrone
We describe the Mesoamerican leaf litter weevil genus Plumolepilius Barrios-Izás & Anderson, new genus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Molytinae: Conotrachelini) (type species P. trifiniensis Barrios-Izás & Anderson, new species), species of which inhabit mountain ecosystems from the state of Chiapas in southeastern Mexico to northern Panama. In this paper we describe nine new species from Mexico, Guatemala, and El Salvador: P. trifiniensis Barrios-Izás & Anderson, new species (El Salvador and Guatemala); P...
September 14, 2016: Zootaxa
Ludivina Barrientos-Lozano, Aurora Y Rocha-Sánchez, Alejandro Zaldívar-Riverón, Alfonso Correa-Sandoval
The present contribution describes five new species of Phaneropterinae from Northeastern Mexico: Obolopteryx eurycerca n. sp., Barrientos-Lozano & Rocha-Sánchez, O. nigra n. sp., Barrientos-Lozano & Rocha-Sánchez, O. tamaholipana n. sp., Barrientos-Lozano & Rocha-Sánchez, O. huastecana n. sp., Barrientos-Lozano & Rocha-Sánchez, and O. tanchipae n. sp., Barrientos-Lozano & Rocha-Sánchez. Diagnostic characters are illustrated and information on distribution and ecology provided. Polymorphism and geographic variation of the genus Obolopteryx Cohn et al...
September 16, 2016: Zootaxa
Daniel Reynoso-Velasco, Robert W Sites
The Ambrysus hybridus Montandon species complex is revised and includes A. convexus Usinger, A. fuscus Usinger stat. rev., A. hybridus Montandon, A. lattini La Rivers, A. plautus Polhemus & Polhemus, A. spiculus Polhemus & Polhemus, A. thermarum La Rivers, and A. ultimus La Rivers. Ambrysus lariversi n. sp. is the ninth species in this complex and is described from Mexico. A. tridentatus La Rivers and A. woodburyi Usinger are proposed as junior synonyms of A. hybridus Montandon and for which a lectotype is designated...
September 19, 2016: Zootaxa
Ernesto Campos
New bivalve host records for four pinnotherid crabs of the Mexican Pacific are reported: Fabia subquadrata Dana, 1851, in Modiolus capax (Conrad, 1837); Opisthopus transversus Rathbun, 1893, in Tivela stultorum (Mawe, 1823); Pinnaxodes gigas (Green, 1992), in Pinna rugosa (Sowerby, 1835), and Panopea generosa Gould, 1850; and Tumidotheres margarita (Smith, 1870), in Nodipecten subnodosus (Sowerby, 1835). The southernmost distribution of F. subquadrata is extended to about 600 km along the west coast of the Baja California Peninsula; the distribution of P...
September 23, 2016: Zootaxa
Angeles R Romero-Mayén, Virginia León-Règagnon
Thirty-six Foleyellides mayenae n. sp. were recovered from the body cavity of Lithobates psilonota (Webb, 2001) and L. pustulosus (Boulenger, 1883) (Ranidae) from Jalisco and Nayarit, respectively. Foleyellides mayenae is the eleventh species described for the genus and the third for Mexican amphibians; it differs from the other species of the genus by the following combined characters: five pairs of caudal papillae, 1 pre-anal, 1 adanal and 3 post-cloacal, and the absence of a preanal plaque.
September 26, 2016: Zootaxa
Adam C Pritchard, Alan H Turner, Randall B Irmis, Sterling J Nesbitt, Nathan D Smith
The tetrapod forelimb is one of the most versatile structures in vertebrate evolution, having been co-opted for an enormous array of functions. However, the structural relationships between the bones of the forelimb have remained largely unchanged throughout the 375 million year history of Tetrapoda, with a radius and ulna made up of elongate, paralleling shafts contacting a series of shorter carpal bones. These features are consistent across nearly all known tetrapods, suggesting that the morphospace encompassed by these taxa is limited by some sort of constraint(s)...
September 24, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Kachiu C Lee, Sue Peacock, Martin A Weinstock, Ge Alice Zhao, Stevan R Knezevich, David E Elder, Raymond L Barnhill, Michael W Piepkorn, Lisa M Reisch, Patricia A Carney, Tracy Onega, Jason P Lott, Joann G Elmore
BACKGROUND: The extent of variability in treatment suggestions for melanocytic lesions made by pathologists is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We investigated how often pathologists rendered suggestions, reasons for providing suggestions, and concordance with national guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of pathologists. Data included physician characteristics, experience, and treatment recommendation practices. RESULTS: Of 301 pathologists, 207 (69%) from 10 states (California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey, New Mexico, Utah, and Washington) enrolled...
September 28, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Marcela Tiburcio, Ma Asunción Lara, Araceli Aguilar Abrego, Morise Fernández, Nora Martínez Vélez, Alejandro Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The development of Web-based interventions for substance abuse in Latin America is a new field of interest with great potential for expansion to other Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes a project aimed to develop and evaluate the usability of the Web-based Help Program for Drug Abuse and Depression (Programa de Ayuda para Abuso de Drogas y Depresión, PAADD, in Spanish) and also to construct a systematic frame of reference for the development of future Web-based programs...
September 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
Vicki B Benard, Philip E Castle, Steven A Jenison, William C Hunt, Jane J Kim, Jack Cuzick, Ji-Hyun Lee, Ruofei Du, Michael Robertson, Scott Norville, Cosette M Wheeler
Importance: A substantial effect of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines on reducing HPV-related cervical disease is essential before modifying clinical practice guidelines in partially vaccinated populations. Objective: To determine the population-based cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) trends when adjusting for changes in cervical screening practices that overlapped with HPV vaccination implementation. Design, Setting, and Participants: The New Mexico HPV Pap Registry, which captures population-based estimates of both cervical screening prevalence and CIN, was used to compute CIN trends from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2014...
September 29, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Lucas Morin, Régis Aubry, Luisa Frova, Roderick MacLeod, Donna M Wilson, Martin Loucka, Agnes Csikos, Miguel Ruiz-Ramos, Marylou Cardenas-Turanzas, YongJoo Rhee, Joan Teno, Joakim Öhlén, Luc Deliens, Dirk Houttekier, Joachim Cohen
BACKGROUND: To implement the appropriate services and develop adequate interventions, detailed estimates of the needs for palliative care in the population are needed. AIM: To estimate the proportion of decedents potentially in need of palliative care across 12 European and non-European countries. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study using death certificate data. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All adults (⩾18 years) who died in 2008 in Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, Italy, Spain (Andalusia, 2010), Sweden, Canada, the United States (2007), Korea, Mexico, and New Zealand (N = 4,908,114)...
September 28, 2016: Palliative Medicine
Jorge Hernández de Anda
The 14th Symposium of the International Society for Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (ISVEE 14) was held in Merida, Yucatan, Mexico during 3-7 November. 2015. The purpose of ISVEE 14 Yucatan 2015 was to provide a global forum for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, junior and senior investigators, as well as health policymakers to exchange information that can advance the fields of veterinary epidemiology and economics, and other disciplines in the health and social sciences. The main theme of ISVEE 14 was Planning Our Future...
September 20, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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