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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911976/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-a-predominantly-hispanic-population-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-the-us-mexico-border
#1
Antonio Mendoza Ladd, Yi Jia, Christine Yu, Sherif Elhanafi, Alok Dwivedi, Jiayang Liu, Giangqing Song, Mark Hall, Marc J Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: Information regarding Hispanics with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is scarce. In this study we aimed to describe a predominantly Hispanic population with IBD in a city located along the US-Mexico border and to identify clinical or demographic differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanics. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of patients with IBD between 2003 and 2013 at a tertiary care center. Information collected included age, sex, ethnicity, diagnosis, diagnosis status (new vs old), endoscopic extent of disease (EOD), extraintestinal manifestations, medical treatment, and surgeries performed...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906908/notes-from-the-field-adverse-reaction-after-vaccinia-virus-vaccination-new-mexico-2016
#2
Nicole Middaugh, Brett Petersen, Andrea M McCollum, Chad Smelser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902910/recombinant-hemagglutinin-of-avian-influenza-virus-h5-expressed-in-the-chloroplast-of-chlamydomonas-reinhardtii-and-evaluation-of-its-immunogenicity-in-chickens
#3
Inkar Castellanos-Huerta, Bernardo Bañuelos-Hernández, Guillermo Téllez, Sergio Rosales-Mendoza, Luis G Brieba, Elizabeth Esquivel-Ramos, Josué I Beltrán-López, Gilberto Velazquez, Isidro Fernandez-Siurob
Globally, avian influenza (AI) is a serious problem in poultry farming. Despite vaccination, the prevalence of AI in México highlights the need for new approaches to control AI and to reduce the economic losses associated with its occurrence in susceptible birds. Recombinant proteins from avian influenza virus (AIV) have been expressed in different organisms, such as plants. The present study investigated the feasibility of designing and expressing the HA protein of AIV in the transplastomic microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as a novel approach for AIV control and taking advantage of culture conditions, its reproductive range, and safe use in consideration of the generally regarded as safe food ingredient regulatory classification...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902306/description-of-gloeomargarita-lithophora-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-thylakoid-bearing-basal-branching-cyanobacterium-with-intracellular-carbonates-and-proposal-for-gloeomargaritales-ord-nov
#4
David Moreira, Rosaluz Tavera, Karim Benzerara, Fériel Skouri-Panet, Estelle Couradeau, Emmanuelle Gérard, Céline Loussert Fonta, Eberto Novelo, Yvan Zivanovic, Purificación López-García
A unicellular cyanobacterium, strain Alchichica-D10, was isolated from microbialites of the alkaline Lake Alchichica, Mexico. The cells were short rods (3.9 ± 0.6 μm in length and 1.1 ± 0.1 μm in width) forming biofilms of intense emerald green color. They exhibited red autofluorescence under UV light excitation. UV-visible absorption spectra revealed that they contain chlorophyll a and phycocyanin, and electron microscopy showed the presence of thylakoids. The strain grew within a temperature range of 15-30 °C...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900404/erasing-borders-a-brief-chronicle-of-early-synthetic-biology
#5
REVIEW
Juli Peretó
Synthetic Biology is currently presented as an emergent field involving the application of engineering principles to living matter. However, the scientific pursuit of making life in a laboratory is not new and has been the ultimate, if somewhat distant, aim of the origin-of-life research program for many years. Actually, over a century ago, the idea that the synthesis of life was indispensable to fully understand its nature already appealed to material scientists and evolutionists alike. Jacques Loeb proposed a research program from an engineering standpoint, following a synthetic method (experimental abiogenesis) and based on his mechanist vision of living beings, which he considered true chemical machines...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898967/genomewide-association-analysis-of-growth-traits-in-charolais-beef-cattle
#6
F J Jahuey-Martínez, G M Parra-Bracamonte, A M Sifuentes-Rincón, J C Martínez-González, C Gondro, C A García-Pérez, L A López-Bustamante
The objective of this study was to perform a genomewide association study (GWAS) for growth traits in Charolais beef cattle and to identify SNP markers and genes associated with these traits. Our study included 855 animals genotyped using 76,883 SNP from the GeneSeek Genomic Profiler Bovine HD panel. The examined phenotypic data included birth, weaning, and yearling weights as well as pre- and postweaning ADG. After quality control, 68,337 SNP and 823 animals were retained in the analysis. The association analysis was performed using the principal components method via the egscore function of the GenABEL version 1...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896029/biology-of-tiny-animals-three-new-species-of-minute-salamanders-plethodontidae-thorius-from-oaxaca-mexico
#7
Gabriela Parra-Olea, Sean M Rovito, Mario García-París, Jessica A Maisano, David B Wake, James Hanken
We describe three new species of minute salamanders, genus Thorius, from the Sierra Madre del Sur of Oaxaca, Mexico. Until now only a single species, T. minutissimus, has been reported from this region, although molecular data have long shown extensive genetic differentiation among geographically disjunct populations. Adult Thorius pinicola sp. nov., T. longicaudus sp. nov., and T. tlaxiacus sp. nov. are larger than T. minutissimus and possess elliptical rather than oval nostrils; T. pinicola and T. longicaudus also have longer tails...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894697/an-innovative-ultrasound-assisted-extraction-micro-scale-cell-combined-with-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-in-negative-chemical-ionization-to-determine-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-air-particulate-matter
#8
E Beristain-Montiel, R Villalobos-Pietrini, G E Arias-Loaiza, S L Gómez-Arroyo, O Amador-Muñoz
New clean technologies are needed to determine concentration of organic pollutants without generating more pollution. A method to extract Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) from airborne particulate matter was developed using a novel technology recently patented called ultrasound assisted extraction micro-scale cell (UAE-MSC). This technology extracts, filters, collects the sample, and evaporates the solvent, on-line. No sample transfer is needed. The cell minimizes sample manipulation, solvent consumption, waste generation, time, and energy; fulfilling most of the analytical green chemistry protocol...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872723/a-human-reproductive-approach-to-the-study-of-infertility-in-chimpanzees-an-experience-at-leon-s-zoological-park-mexico
#9
Raul Eduardo Piña-Aguilar, Janet López-Saucedo, Lilia Ivone Ruiz-Galaz, José de Jesús Barroso-Padilla, Mayra Celina Gallegos-Rivas, Claudia González-Ortega, Antonio Martin Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez
Great apes are mammals close to humans in their genetic, behavioral, social and evolutionary characteristics and new genomic information is revolutionizing our understanding of evolution in primates. However, all these species are endangered. While there are many global programs to protect these species, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) projects that in a near future the wild populations will decrease significantly. Nowadays, the relevance of captive populations of great apes is becoming critical for research and understanding of pathophysiology of diseases...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872313/the-earliest-maize-from-san-marcos-tehuac%C3%A3-n-is-a-partial-domesticate-with-genomic-evidence-of-inbreeding
#10
Miguel Vallebueno-Estrada, Isaac Rodríguez-Arévalo, Alejandra Rougon-Cardoso, Javier Martínez González, Angel García Cook, Rafael Montiel, Jean-Philippe Vielle-Calzada
Pioneering archaeological expeditions lead by Richard MacNeish in the 1960s identified the valley of Tehuacán as an important center of early Mesoamerican agriculture, providing by far the widest collection of ancient crop remains, including maize. In 2012, a new exploration of San Marcos cave (Tehuacán, Mexico) yielded nonmanipulated maize specimens dating at a similar age of 5,300-4,970 calibrated y B.P. On the basis of shotgun sequencing and genomic comparisons to Balsas teosinte and modern maize, we show herein that the earliest maize from San Marcos cave was a partial domesticate diverging from the landraces and containing ancestral allelic variants that are absent from extant maize populations...
November 21, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865888/a-morphological-and-molecular-study-of-pseudocorynosoma-aznar-p%C3%A3-rez-ponce-de-le%C3%A3-n-and-raga-2006-acanthocephala-polymorphidae-from-mexico-with-the-description-of-a-new-species-and-the-presence-of-cox-1-pseudogenes
#11
Martín García-Varela, Jesús S Henández-Orts, Carlos D Pinacho-Pinacho
Pseudocorynosoma tepehuanesi n. sp., is described from the intestine of the ruddy duck Oxyura jamaicensis Gmelin, 1789 from single locality from northern Mexico. The new species is mainly distinguished morphologically from the other five described species of Pseudocorynosoma from the Americas (P. constrictum, type species, P. peposacae, P. anatarium, P. enrietti and P. iheringi) associated with waterfowl species by possessing a proboscis with 15 longitudinal rows with 7-8 hooks each, a trunk expanded anteriorly and by having smaller lemniscus...
November 16, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864938/harms-of-cervical-cancer-screening-in-the-united-states-and-the-netherlands
#12
Dik Habbema, Sheila Weinmann, Marc Arbyn, Aruna Kamineni, Andrew E Williams, Inge McM de Kok, Folkert van Kemenade, Terry S Field, Joost van Rosmalen, Martin Brown
We studied harms related to cervical cancer screening and management of screen-positive women in the United States (US) and the Netherlands. We utilised data from four US integrated health care systems (SEARCH), the US National Health Interview Survey, New Mexico state, the Netherlands national histopathology registry, and included studies on adverse health effects of cervical screening. We compared the number of Papanicolaou (Pap) smear tests, abnormal test results, punch biopsies, treatments, health problems (anxiety, pain, bleeding, and discharge), and preterm births associated with excisional treatments...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860017/new-records-of-ectoparasitic-acari-arachnida-and-streblidae-diptera-from-bats-in-jalisco-mexico
#13
Maria M Ramírez Martínez, M Pilar Ibarra Lopez, Luis Ignacio Iñiguez-Dávalos, Thomas Yuill, Maria V Orlova, Will K Reeves
Ectoparasites of bats in the Neotropics are diverse and play numerous ecological roles as vectors of microbial pathogens and endoparasites and as food sources for other cave fauna living both on their hosts and in bat roosts. The ectoparasites of bats in Jalisco State of western Mexico have not been as well described as those of other states with recent checklists that have focused primarily on the Yucatan Peninsula. We captured bats from 2011-2015 on the south coast and Sierra de Amula, Jalisco using mist nets, and we removed ectoparasites by hand...
December 2016: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859083/seed-bank-structure-and-plant-recruitment-conditions-regulate-the-dynamics-of-a-grassland-shrubland-chihuahuan-ecotone
#14
Mariano Moreno-de Las Heras, Laura Turnbull, John Wainwright
Large areas of desert grasslands in the southwestern United States have shifted to sparse shrublands dominated by drought-tolerant woody species over the last 150 yr, accompanied by accelerated soil erosion. An important step toward the understanding of patterns in species dominance and vegetation change at desert grassland-shrubland transitions is the study of environmental limitations imposed by the shrub-encroachment phenomenon on plant establishment. Here, we analyze the structure of soil seed banks, environmental limitations for seed germination (i...
September 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856785/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-phenotypes-using-cluster-analysis-of-electronic-medical-records
#15
Rodrigo Vazquez Guillamet, Oleg Ursu, Gary Iwamoto, Pope L Moseley, Tudor Oprea
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a heterogeneous disease. In this retrospective study, we hypothesize that it is possible to identify clinically relevant phenotypes by applying clustering methods to electronic medical records. We included all the patients >40 years with a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted to the University of New Mexico Hospital between 1 January 2011 and 1 May 2014. We collected admissions, demographics, comorbidities, severity markers and treatments...
November 17, 2016: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852495/defining-the-differences-in-transverse-plane-trajectories-for-thoracic-pedicle-screw-insertion-anatomic-versus-medial
#16
William R Hotchkiss, Richard M Schwend, Patrick P Bosch, Heather J H Edgar, Bonnie N Young
STUDY DESIGN: Comparing thoracic pedicle screw trajectories, screw lengths, and starting points by examining osteologic specimens. OBJECTIVE: Describe a medial screw trajectory (MST) compared to a screw trajectory along the anatomic pedicle angle (APA) in terms of trajectory, screw length, and starting point. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Although thoracic pedicle screw insertion is commonly used for posterior fusion and instrumentation, there is little data to quantify an MST that avoids the great vessels and allows for greater screw purchase...
January 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843710/herbarium-based-studies-on-taxonomy-biogeography-and-ecology-of-psilochilus-orchidaceae
#17
Marta Kolanowska, Aleksandra M Naczk, Radomir Jaskuła
BACKGROUND: Psilochilus is a poorly studied orchid genus distributed from southern Mexico to south-eastern Brazil. A taxonomic revision of this Neotropical endemic based on morphological data is presented. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over 170 dried herbarium specimens and flowers preserved in liquid of Psilochilus were analyzed. Morphological variation among examined taxa was described based on multivariate analysis. To evaluate the similarity between niches occupied by various Psilochilus species ecological niche modeling (ENM) was applied...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834708/complete-genome-sequence-of-human-coronavirus-oc43-isolated-from-mexico
#18
B T Taboada, P Isa, M A Espinoza, F E Aponte, M A Arias-Ortiz, J Monge-Martínez, R Rodríguez-Vázquez, F Díaz-Hernández, F Zárate-Vidal, R M Wong-Chew, V Firo-Reyes, C N Del Río-Almendárez, J Gaitán-Meza, A Villaseñor-Sierra, G Martínez-Aguilar, M García-Borjas, D E Noyola, L F Pérez-Gónzalez, S López, J I Santos-Preciado, C F Arias
We report the complete genome sequence of the first Mexican human coronavirus (HCoV) OC43, obtained by new-generation sequencing and a metagenomic approach, isolated from a child hospitalized with pneumonia. The genome is closely related to the other OC43 genome sequences available, ranging from 99.8% to 98.2% nucleotide sequence identity.
November 10, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833435/taxonomic-review-of-new-world-tachyina-coleoptera-carabidae-descriptions-of-new-genera-subgenera-and-species-with-an-updated-key-to-the-subtribe-in-the-americas
#19
REVIEW
Olivia F Boyd, Terry L Erwin
The classification of the carabid subtribe Tachyina (Trechitae: Bembidiini) is reviewed in light of newly discovered diversity from Central and South America. Described herein are three new genera (Tachyxystagen. n., Stigmatachysgen. n., Nothoderisgen. n.), two new subgenera of Meotachys (Scolistichussubgen. n., Hylotachyssubgen. n.), and two new subgenera of Elaphropus (Ammotachyssubgen. n., Idiotachyssubgen. n.). Two names previously synonymized under Polyderis (Polyderidius Jeannel, 1962) and Elaphropus (Nototachys Alluaud, 1930) are elevated to generic and subgeneric status, respectively...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833423/two-new-jumping-spider-species-of-the-habronattus-clypeatus-group-araneae-salticidae-harmochirina
#20
Wayne P Maddison, David R Maddison
Two species of the Habronattus clypeatus species group are described, Habronattus arcalorussp. n. from Texas and Colorado, and Habronattus gilaensissp. n. from New Mexico. Habronattus arcalorus males have extravagant ornamentation: a green first leg with an unusually dense lateral fringe of orange and white hairs, and a large grey triangular patella on the third leg with blue-white scales nearby. Habronattus gilaensis males are considerably more muted, lacking ornamentation on the third leg's patella and tibia...
2016: ZooKeys
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