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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160655/quality-of-life-and-adherence-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#1
Patrizia Burra, Alberto Ferrarese, Giuseppe Feltrin
The assessment of Quality of Life (QoL) after transplantation represents an ancillary tool to evaluate the efficacy of solid organ transplantation, in addition to graft and patient survival rates and complication. The global assessment of QoL after transplantation usually confirms the improvement when compared to pre-transplant setting. However, whereas significant improvement in physical activity has been widely reported, several studies have demonstrated that social domain and cognitive function do not reach the level of general population after surgery...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156019/the-aspartate-transaminase-alanine-transaminase-deritis-ratio-predicts-mid-term-mortality-and-renal-and-respiratory-dysfunction-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#2
Kevin Pilarczyk, Henning Carstens, Jens Heckmann, Ali Canbay, Achim Koch, Nikolaus Pizanis, Heinz Jakob, Markus Kamler
OBJECTIVES: Preoperative liver dysfunction is a well-known risk factor for adverse events after major surgery. However, there is only little data regarding the precise role of the Model of End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score and the De Ritis ratio (DRR, alanine transaminase/aspartate aminotransferase) as a predictor for outcome after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing LVAD implantation at our institution between January 2012 and August 2014 was performed...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155069/antiviral-therapy-improves-survival-in-patients-with-hbv-infection-and-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-undergoing-liver-resection
#3
Zhengqing Lei, Yong Xia, Anfeng Si, Kui Wang, Jun Li, Zhenlin Yan, Tian Yang, Dong Wu, Xuying Wan, Weiping Zhou, Jingfeng Liu, Hongyang Wang, Wenming Cong, Mengchao Wu, Timothy M Pawlik, Wan Yee Lau, Feng Shen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To examine the impact of antiviral therapy (AVT) on survival outcomes after liver resection (LR) for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) patients with underlying HBV infection. METHODS: Data on 928 ICC patients with HBV infection who underwent LR at two medical centers between 2006 and 2011 were analyzed. Data on viral reactivation, tumor recurrence, cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were obtained. Survival rates were analyzed using the time-dependent Cox regression model adjusted for potential covariates...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136086/intraoperative-oliguria-predicts-acute-kidney-injury-after-major-abdominal-surgery
#4
T Mizota, Y Yamamoto, M Hamada, S Matsukawa, S Shimizu, S Kai, Jonathan Thompson
Background: The threshold of intraoperative urine output below which the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) increases is unclear. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the relationship between intraoperative urine output during major abdominal surgery and the development of postoperative AKI and to identify an optimal threshold for predicting the differential risk of AKI. Methods: Perioperative data were collected retrospectively on 3560 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery (liver, colorectal, gastric, pancreatic, or oesophageal resection) at Kyoto University Hospital...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115682/risk-factors-for-biopsy-proven-advanced-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#5
Y A Patel, E J Gifford, L M Glass, R McNeil, M J Turner, B Han, D Provenzale, S S Choi, C A Moylan, C M Hunt
BACKGROUND: With its increasing incidence, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is of particular concern in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). AIMS: To evaluate risk factors for advanced fibrosis in biopsy-proven NAFLD in the VHA, to identify patients at risk for adverse outcomes. METHODS: In randomly selected cases from VHA databases (2005-2015), we performed a retrospective case-control study in adults with biopsy-defined NAFLD or normal liver...
November 8, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108374/long-term-postoperative-survival-prediction-in-patients-with-colorectal-liver-metastasis
#6
Kun Wang, Wei Liu, Xiao-Luan Yan, Juan Li, Bao-Cai Xing
Numerous factors affect the prognosis of colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) patients after hepatic resection. We investigated several factors related to overall survival in patients with CRLM to identify those most likely to benefit from hepatic resection, and produced a rational tumor biology score system. Three hundred CRLM patients treated with preoperative chemotherapy followed by hepatic resection between 2006 and 2016 were enrolled in our study. Clinicopathologic and long-term survival data were collected and assessed...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108191/-an-interpretation-of-the-aasld-practice-guideline-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-2017
#7
Y M Nan, N Fu, W C Li, L L Kong, X W Yuan, S Y Zhang, L D Liu, Y Lu, L Y Cui
The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) updated and published the Practice Guidance for the Diagnosis and Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) in July 2017, which provides recommendations for the accurate diagnosis, treatment, and effective prevention of NAFLD. Related metabolic diseases should be considered during the initial evaluation of patients suspected of NAFLD. Noninvasive diagnostic techniques including transient elastography, magnetic resonance elastography, and serum biochemical models should be used to evaluate the development and progression of liver fibrosis in patients with NAFLD...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101562/academic-status-does-not-affect-outcome-following-complex-hepato-pancreato-biliary-procedures
#8
Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Donald Groves, Donglei Yin, Kristen Cagino, Mark Talamini, Aurora Pryor
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing debate regarding outcomes following complex hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) procedures. The purpose of our study is to examine if facility type has any impact on complications, readmission rates, emergency department (ED) visit rates, and length of stay (LOS) for patients undergoing HPB surgery. METHODS: The SPARCS administrative database was used to identify patients undergoing complex HPB procedures between 2012 and 2014 in New York...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061837/immediate-and-long-term-results-of-radiofrequency-ablation-for-colorectal-liver-metastases
#9
Ciprian Cirimbei, Vlad Rotaru, Elena Chitoran, Oana Pavaleanu, Simona Elena Cirimbei
BACKGROUND/AIM: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs) is a method developed in the last 15 years. It provides an acceptable control of the malignant process with lower risks compared to surgical resection. The aim of the study was to assess immediate and long-term results, including recurrence, survival, morbidity/mortality rates after RFA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-two cases with CRLMs were treated by RFA during open surgery (89 lesions)...
November 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054394/immediate-postoperative-fibrosis-4-predicts-postoperative-liver-failure-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-undergoing-curative-surgery
#10
Haiqing Wang, Lei Li, Wentao Bo, Aixiang Liu, Xielin Feng, Yong Hu, Lang Tian, Hui Zhang, Xiaoli Tang, Lixia Zhang, Mingyi Zhang
BACKGROUND: Postoperative liver failure remains the main complication and predominant cause of hepatectomy-related mortality for patients undergoing liver resection. AIM: Our aim is to investigate whether immediate postoperative Fibrosis-4 could predict postoperative liver failure. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 1353 consecutive hepatocellular carcinoma patients undergoing radical resection. The characteristics and clinical outcomes were compared between patients with high and low immediate postoperative Fibrosis-4...
October 4, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054352/patient-related-risk-factors-for-infection-following-open-carpal-tunnel-release-an-analysis-of-over-450-000-medicare-patients
#11
Brian C Werner, Victor A Teran, D Nicole Deal
PURPOSE: To establish the rate of postoperative infection after open carpal tunnel release (CTR) on a national level using an administrative database and define relevant patient-related risk factors associated with its occurrence. METHODS: The PearlDiver patient records database was used to query the 100% Medicare Standard Analytic Files retrospectively from 2005 to 2012 for patients undergoing open CTR using Current Procedural Terminology code 64721. Postoperative infection within 90 days of surgery was assessed using both International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for diagnoses of postoperative infection or pyogenic arthritis of the wrist and Current Procedural Terminology codes for procedures for these indications, including either open or arthroscopic irrigation and debridement...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034078/recent-advances-in-cancer-surgery-in-older-patients
#12
REVIEW
Siri Rostoft, Riccardo A Audisio
Age is the most important risk factor for the occurrence of cancer, and a declining mortality from heart disease and other non-cancer causes leaves an older population that is at high risk of developing cancer. Choosing the optimal treatment for older cancer patients may be a challenge. Firstly, older age and associated factors such as comorbidities, functional limitations, and cognitive impairment are risk factors for adverse effects of cancer treatment. Secondly, older patients are often excluded from clinical trials, and current clinical guidelines rarely address how to manage cancer in patients who have comorbidities or functional limitations...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032374/the-alpps-approach-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-impact-of-kras-mutation-status-in-survival
#13
Matteo Serenari, Fernando Andres Alvarez, Victoria Ardiles, Martin de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj, Eduardo de Santibañes
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutations influence survival after hepatectomy for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). However, their prognostic significance has never been evaluated in patients who undergo Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein occlusion for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS). METHODS: Between June 2011 and March 2016, 26 patients underwent ALPPS for CRLM. Complications were classified according to the Clavien-Dindo classification...
October 14, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031454/a-new-plasma-biomarker-enhance-the-clinical-prediction-of-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Xing Zhou, Liyu Wang, Guoliang Wang, Xiang Cheng, Shaobo Hu, Wenbo Ke, Min Li, Yong Zhang, Zifang Song, Qichang Zheng
BACKGROUND: The ratio of serum γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (GGT/ALT) is a marker for evaluating effects to antivirotic treatment and a helpful predictive factor for the prognosis of Child-Pugh A hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after surgery. The relationship between the incidence of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) and preoperative GGT/ALT is studied in hepatectomized hepatitis B- or C- associated HCC patients. METHODS: A total of 253 hepatitis B or C virus-related HCC patients undergoing hepatectomy between September 2012 and August 2016 at our hospital were included in the retrospective study...
December 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030698/biliary-atresia-and-liver-transplantation-results-and-thoughts-for-primary-liver-transplantation-in-select-patients
#15
REVIEW
Riccardo Superina
Biliary atresia (BA) is one of the most common indications for liver transplantation in children. Despite advances in biliary atresia surgical techniques, most children will ultimately require liver transplantation. Possible pre-operative predictors of outcome after the Kasai operation are: 1. Age at operation 2. Presence of the biliary atresia splenic malformation syndrome (BASM) 3. Center specific factors 4. Liver histology and 5. Anatomic pattern of bile ducts found at surgery.Age at surgery is considered a strong predictor of success after portoenterostomy...
December 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026630/sinister-seafood-bacteraemia-secondary-to-non-o1-o139-vibrio-cholerae-infection
#16
Maxime J Billick, Philip W Lam, Isaac I Bogoch
Introduction.Vibrio species are curved, motile Gram-negative bacilli found in estuarine and marine environments, and are known to cause to gastroenteritis, skin and soft tissue infections, and septicaemia. While not responsible for cholera epidemics, non-O1/O139 Vibrio cholerae (NOVC) is increasingly reported as a cause of gastroenteritis. Case presentation. A 66-year-old man presented to an emergency department with a 1 week history of epigastric pain, emesis and fever. Blood cultures drawn on admission initially demonstrated Gram-negative bacilli, and ultimately grew NOVC, which was later confirmed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight MS...
July 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021445/a-case-of-liver-abscess-and-portal-vein-thrombosis-due-to-ileal-diverticulitis-mediated-by-barium-fluoroscopy
#17
Haremaru Kubo, Genki Asai, Kou Haraguchi, Yu Shibahara, Toshihiro Kihara, Genta Yamakawa, Fumitaka Kira, Hisato Higashi, Shinji Morishita, Hajime Fujie, Masao Matsumoto, Wahei Shimura
We report a case of liver abscess and portal vein thrombosis, which occurred due to diverticulitis at the terminal ileum in a 59-year-old man. The patient underwent a barium fluoroscopic examination 1 month before presenting to our hospital. He also showed liver dysfunction due to thrombosis at the superior mesenteric and portal veins. His inflammation gradually subsided after the initiation of treatment, but the recovery was not sufficient. Thus, surgery was performed. The patient condition improved after surgery and he was discharged...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018183/a-case-of-left-renal-vein-ligation-in-a-patient-with-solitary-left-kidney-undergoing-liver-transplantation-to-control-splenorenal-shunt-and-improve-portal-venous-flow
#18
Rodrigo B Martino, Eserval Rocha Júnior, Valdano Manuel, Vinicius Rocha-Santos, Luis Augusto C D'Albuquerque, Wellington Andraus
BACKGROUND Adequate portal venous flow is required for successful liver transplantation. Reduced venous flow and blood flow 'steal' by collateral vessels are a concern, and when there is a prominent splenorenal shunt present, ligation of the left renal vein has been recommended to improve portal venous blood flow. CASE REPORT A 51-year-old man who had undergone right nephrectomy in childhood required liver transplantation for liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma due to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988807/increased-risk-for-complications-following-removal-of-hardware-in-patients-with-liver-disease-pilon-or-pelvic-fractures-a-regression-analysis
#19
Bryan D Brown, Justin N Steinert, John W Stelzer, Richard S Yoon, Joshua R Langford, Kenneth J Koval
PURPOSE: Indications for removing orthopedic hardware on an elective basis varies widely. Although viewed as a relatively benign procedure, there is a lack of data regarding overall complication rates after fracture fixation. The purpose of this study is to determine the overall short-term complication rate for elective removal of orthopedic hardware after fracture fixation and to identify associated risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients indicated for elective hardware removal after fracture fixation between July 2012 and July 2016 were screened for inclusion...
October 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987552/is-infection-an-independent-risk-factor-for-venous-thromboembolism-a-population-based-case-control-study
#20
Kevin P Cohoon, Aneel A Ashrani, Daniel J Crusan, Tanya M Petterson, Kent R Bailey, John A Heit
BACKGROUND: The independent association of recent infection with venous thromboembolism is uncertain. The purpose of the study was to test both overall infection (site unspecified) and specific infection sites as potential risk factors for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism adjusting for other known venous thromboembolism factors. METHODS: Using Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) resources, we identified all Olmsted County, MN residents with objectively-diagnosed incident deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism over the 13-year period, 1988-2000 (cases; n=1303), and 1-2 residents without venous thromboembolism matched to each case on age, sex and incident venous thromboembolism date (controls; n=1494)...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
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