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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#1
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769511/an-elderly-lady-with-neurobrucellosis-and-multiple-co-morbid-conditions
#2
M N Islam
Neurobrucellosis is a rare (1.7-7.0% of prevalence) neurological complication of brucellosis which has neither a typical clinical picture nor specific cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings and mimics other neurological disorders leading to clinical diagnostic dilemmas. This study describes one elderly patient of neurobrucellosis with fever, irrelevant behavior, sweating, fatigue, drowsiness, neck stiffness inability to speak and reduced activity for about 10 days hailing from Beanibazar, Sylhet, Bangladesh admitted in Mount Adora Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh on 16th October 2016...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768933/psychiatric-disorders-in-women-and-men-up-to-five-years-after-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technology-treatment-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Helena Volgsten, Lone Schmidt, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Lisa Ekselius, Inger Sundström Poromaa
This is a prospective cohort study with the objective to describe psychiatric disorders, such as any mood and anxiety disorders, in both women and men five years after assisted reproductive technology (ART). The Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) questionnaire, based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), was used as the diagnostic tool to evaluate psychiatric disorders. Logistic regression analysis was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and confidence interval (CI) for factors associated with psychiatric disorders at the follow-up...
May 17, 2018: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768190/a-bayesian-model-comparison-approach-to-test-the-specificity-of-visual-integration-impairment-in-schizophrenia-or-psychosis
#4
Tyler B Grove, Beier Yao, Savanna A Mueller, Merranda McLaughlin, Vicki L Ellingrod, Melvin G McInnis, Stephan F Taylor, Patricia J Deldin, Ivy F Tso
Impaired visual integration is well documented in schizophrenia and related to functional outcomes. However, it is unclear if this deficit is specific to schizophrenia, or characteristic of psychosis more broadly. To address this question, this study used a Bayesian model comparison approach to examine the evidence of three grouping models of visual integration performance in 116 individuals with schizophrenia (SZ), schizoaffective disorder (SA), bipolar disorder (BD) with or without a history of prominent psychosis (BDP+ and BDP-, respectively), or no psychiatric diagnosis (healthy controls; HC)...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768038/use-and-characteristics-of-antipsychotic-methylphenidate-combination-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-a-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Oliver Scholle, Tobias Banaschewski, Dirk Enders, Edeltraut Garbe, Oliver Riedel
OBJECTIVE: Children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) frequently have comorbidities that are potential indications for antipsychotics (APs). Some studies have suggested that the combined use of methylphenidate (MPH) and APs is increasing in this population group. Longitudinal analyses and in-depth investigations on the substance level are lacking. This study aimed to estimate the cumulative proportion of concomitant AP/MPH use in children and adolescents with ADHD over a follow-up of up to 9 years and to describe patient characteristics stratified by specific AP drug...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766477/-long-term-follow-up-of-psychogenic-pseudosyncope
#6
D P Saal, M J Overdijk, R D Thijs, I M van Vliet, J G van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychogenic pseudosyncope (PPS) are frequently seen by neurologists and psychiatrists. As of yet, there has been no follow-up study of patients with PPS after communicating the diagnosis. AIM: To determine the outcome of patients with psychogenic pseudosyncope (PPS) after communicatingthe diagnosis. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study of patients with PPS referred to a tertiary referral center for syncope from 2007 to 2015...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766133/trauma-transitional-care-coordination-protecting-the-most-vulnerable-trauma-patients-from-hospital-readmission
#7
Erin C Hall, Rebecca Tyrrell, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
Background: Unplanned hospital readmissions increase healthcare costs and patient morbidity. We hypothesized that a program designed to reduce trauma readmissions would be effective. Methods: A Trauma Transitional Care Coordination (TTCC) program was created to support patients at high risk for readmission. TTCC interventions included call to patient (or caregiver) within 72 hours of discharge to identify barriers to care, complete medication reconciliation, coordination of appointments, and individualized problem solving...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765343/questionnaire-based-maladaptive-decision-coping-patterns-involved-in-binge-eating-among-1013-college-students
#8
Wan-Sen Yan, Ran-Ran Zhang, Yan Lan, Zhi-Ming Li, Yong-Hui Li
Binge Eating Disorder (BED), considered a public health problem because of its impact on psychiatric, physical, and social functioning, merits much attention given its elevation to an independent diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). Similar with substance use disorders, some neuropsychological and personality constructs are potentially implicated in the onset and development of BED, in which poor decision-making has been suggested to facilitate overeating and BED...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765339/can-model-projects-of-need-adapted-care-reduce-involuntary-hospital-treatment-and-the-use-of-coercive-measures
#9
Alexandre Wullschleger, Jürgen Berg, Felix Bermpohl, Christiane Montag
Intensive outpatient models of need-adapted psychiatric care have been shown to reduce the length of hospital stays and to improve retention in care for people with severe mental illnesses. In contrast, evidence regarding the impact of such models on involuntary hospital treatment and other coercive measures in inpatient settings is still sparse, although these represent important indicators of the patients' wellbeing. In Germany, intensive models of care still have not been routinely implemented, and their effectiveness within the German psychiatric system is only studied in a few pioneering regions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765219/estimated-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-and-health-care-utilization-in-adults-in-sweden-a-longitudinal-population-based-register-study
#10
Maria Polyzoi, Ewa Ahnemark, Emma Medin, Ylva Ginsberg
Background: Although the worldwide prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults is estimated to be between 2% and 5%, it is considered to be underdiagnosed. This register study explored the prevalence of diagnosed ADHD and incidence of newly diagnosed ADHD in Swedish adults over time, and assessed comorbidities and pharmacologic treatment. Methods: National Patient Register data were used to estimate the overall prevalence of adults (≥18 years) with a registered ADHD diagnosis from 2006 to 2011, and the incidence of newly registered diagnoses from 2007 to 2011...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764602/psychiatric-disorders-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-iran-prevalence-severity-service-utilization-and-unmet-mental-health-needs
#11
Behrang Shadloo, Masoumeh Amin-Esmaeili, Abbas Motevalian, Minoo Mohraz, Abbas Sedaghat, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar
BACKGROUND: HIV and psychiatric disorders are closely correlated and are accompanied by some similar risk factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess psychiatric comorbidity and health service utilization for mental problems among people living with HIV/AIDS in Iran. METHODS: A total of 250 cases were randomly selected from a large referral center for HIV treatment and care in Tehran, Iran. Psychiatric disorders in the past 12 months including mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders were assessed through face-to-face interview, using a validated Persian translation of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI v2...
July 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763648/autism-spectrum-disorder-classification-diagnosis-and-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Samata R Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I Tarazi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763271/adults-with-developmental-disabilities-a-comprehensive-approach-to-medical-care
#13
Clarissa Kripke
Developmental disabilities are attributable to a cognitive impairment, physical impairment, or both. They manifest during the developmental period from birth to early adulthood, and are likely to continue indefinitely. The life expectancy of most persons with developmental disabilities now approaches that of the general population. According to the neurodiversity model of care, developmental disability is accepted as a valued part of human neurologic diversity. The social model focuses on improving participation in society with accommodations such as adaptive equipment or improvements to the social and physical environment...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760667/a-drd2-annk1-comt-interaction-consisting-of-functional-variants-confers-risk-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-traumatized-chinese
#14
Kunlin Zhang, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Gen Li, Ruojiao Fang, Ping Liu, Shu Luo, Xiangyang Zhang, Israel Liberzon
Objective: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma- and stress-related psychiatric syndrome that occurs after exposure to extraordinary stressors. The neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) plays important roles in neurobiological processes like reward and stress, and a link between PTSD and the dopaminergic system has been reported. Thus, the investigation of an association between PTSD and gene-gene interaction (epistasis) within dopaminergic genes could uncover the genetic basis of dopamine-related PTSD symptomatology and contribute to precision medicine...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759034/motives-offending-behavior-and-gender-differences-in-murder-perpetrators-with-or-without-psychosis
#15
Henning Hachtel, Margaret Nixon, Debra Bennett, Paul Mullen, James Ogloff
Little is known whether differences exist in motivation and reactive/instrumental offense behaviors between murder offenders with and without psychotic disorder. To contribute to better prevention strategies, the aim of this study was to investigate offense characteristics in murder offenders with a psychotic, nonpsychotic or no psychiatric diagnosis, and whether these factors differ according to sex. This data study examined the population of murder offenders between 1997 and 2005 ( N = 435) in Victoria, Australia...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758472/contributions-of-depression-and-body-mass-index-to-body-image
#16
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
Depression and body mass index (BMI) are known to be associated with body image, however, their independent or joint effects on body image in adults are largely unknown. Therefore, we studied associations of depression diagnosis, severity, and BMI with perceptual body size (PBS) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). Cross-sectional data from 882 remitted depressed patients, 242 currently depressed patients and 325 healthy controls from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used. Depressive disorders (DSM-IV based psychiatric interview), standardized self-reported depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) and BMI were separately and simultaneously related to body image (the Stunkard Figure Rating scale) using linear regression analyses...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757035/pediatric-patients-with-psoriasis-and-psychiatric-disorders-premorbidity-and-co-morbidity-in-a-case-control-study
#17
Tayfun Kara, Zeynep Topkarcı, Semra Yılmaz, İsmail Akaltun, Bilgen Erdoğan
Psychiatric disorders are thought to play an important role in the onset, exacerbation and course of several chronic dermatological diseases. We aimed to investigate psychiatric diagnoses in children with psoriasis before and during the disease and to examine potentially related factors.108 children aged 8-16 years, 54 with a diagnosis of psoriasis and 54 healthy subjects, were included in the study. Participants were assessed using dermatological and psychiatric examinations and scales. At least one psychiatric diagnosis was present in 70...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756987/can-pediatricians-recognize-eating-disorders-a-case-study-of-early-onset-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-male-child
#18
Emel Ataş Berksoy, Gonca Özyurt, Murat Anıl, Özlem Üzüm, Yeliz Çağan Appak
INTRODUCTION: this article examines a boy who was diagnosed with anorexia nervosa at eight years old. Pediatricians and family physicians encountered difficulties during the diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. CASE REPORT: a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration as far away from the preliminary diagnosis of anorexia nervosa investigated for possible organic pathologies at the pediatric ward...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756044/gender-dysphoria-in-adults-an-overview-and-primer-for-psychiatrists
#19
William Byne, Dan H Karasic, Eli Coleman, A Evan Eyler, Jeremy D Kidd, Heino F L Meyer-Bahlburg, Richard R Pleak, Jack Pula
Regardless of their area of specialization, adult psychiatrists are likely to encounter gender-variant patients; however, medical school curricula and psychiatric residency training programs devote little attention to their care. This article aims to assist adult psychiatrists who are not gender specialists in the delivery of respectful, clinically competent, and culturally attuned care to gender-variant patients, including those who identify as transgender or transsexual or meet criteria for the diagnosis of Gender Dysphoria (GD) as defined by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition)...
2018: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756003/onset-and-remission-of-psychosis-in-parkinson-s-disease-pharmacologic-and-motoric-markers
#20
Jared Thomas Hinkle, Kate Perepezko, Catherine C Bakker, Martinus P G Broen, Kathleen Chin, Ted M Dawson, Vanessa Johnson, Zoltan Mari, Cherie L Marvel, Kelly A Mills, Alexander Pantelyat, Olga Pletnikova, Liana S Rosenthal, Melissa D Shepard, Daniel A Stevens, Juan C Troncoso, Jiangxia Wang, Gregory M Pontone
Background: Psychosis is among the most disabling complications of Parkinson's disease (PD). The chronicity of PD psychosis remains understudied and the relative importance of dopaminergic therapy versus the disease process itself in engendering psychosis remains unclear. Objectives: To examine pharmacologic and motoric correlates of PD psychosis onset and remission in a longitudinally monitored PD cohort. Methods: We analyzed data from 165 participants enrolled in a longitudinal PD study through the Morris K...
January 2018: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
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