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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728633/drinking-status-between-ages-50-and-55-for-men-from-the-san-diego-prospective-study-who-developed-dsm-iv-alcohol-abuse-or-dependence-in-prior-follow-ups
#1
Priscila Dib Gonçalves, Marc A Schuckit, Tom L Smith
OBJECTIVE: Although alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are prevalent among older individuals, few studies have examined the course and predictors of AUDs from their onset into the person's 50s. This study describes the AUD course from ages 50 to 55 in participants who developed AUDs according to criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), during the San Diego Prospective Study (SDPS). METHOD: Among the 397 university students in the SDPS who were followed about every 5 years from age 20 (before AUD onset), 165 developed AUDs, 156 of whom were interviewed at age 55...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725425/letter-to-the-editor-health-professionals-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-eating-disorders-who-do-we-think-they-are
#2
Deborah Lynn Reas, Kjersti Solhaug Gulliksen, Johanna Levallius, Rasmus Isomaa
Health professionals are not immune to stigmatizing attitudes and stereotypes found in society-at-large. Along with patients and their loved ones, treatment providers are important stakeholders - and gatekeepers - in the successful delivery of mental healthcare. Prevailing attitudes among professionals can facilitate timely recognition, enable access to care and uptake of evidence-based practices, or undermine help-seeking and therapeutic engagement. At an interactive activity at the 2016 Nordic Eating Disorders Society (NEDS) meeting, we asked health professionals to describe individuals with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724422/assessment-of-eating-disorders-with-the-diabetes-eating-problems-survey-revised-deps-r-in-a-representative-sample-of-insulin-treated-diabetic-patients-a-validation-study-in-italy
#3
Federica Pinna, Enrica Diana, Lucia Sanna, Valeria Deiana, Mirko Manchia, Eraldo Nicotra, Andrea Fiorillo, Umberto Albert, Alessandra Nivoli, Umberto Volpe, Anna Rita Atti, Silvia Ferrari, Federica Medda, Maria Gloria Atzeni, Daniela Manca, Elisa Mascia, Fernando Farci, Mariangela Ghiani, Rossella Cau, Marta Tuveri, Efisio Cossu, Elena Loy, Alessandra Mereu, Stefano Mariotti, Bernardo Carpiniello
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate in a sample of insulin-treated diabetic patients, with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the DEPS-R scale, a diabetes-specific self-report questionnaire used to analyze disordered eating behaviors. METHODS: The study was performed on 211 consecutive insulin-treated diabetic patients attending two specialist centers. Lifetime prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) according to DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria were assessed by means of the Module H of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV Axis I Disorder and the Module H modified, according to DSM-5 criteria...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718830/exploring-relationships-between-recurrent-binge-eating-and-illicit-substance-use-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-women-over-two-years
#4
Henry Kewen Lu, Haider Mannan, Phillipa Hay
(1) Background: With the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), numerous parallels have been drawn between recurrent binge eating (RBE) and substance use disorders, with many authors examining RBE or binge eating disorder (BED) as a "food addiction". The present study aims to clarify the relationship between recurrent binge eating (RBE) and illicit substance use (ISU) through investigating the temporal association between the two problems. (2) Methods: This study was embedded within a larger longitudinal study of non-clinical adult women recruited from Australian tertiary institutions...
July 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716394/validation-of-a-spanish-language-version-of-the-adhd-rating-scale-iv-in-a-spanish-sample
#5
M Vallejo-Valdivielso, C A Soutullo, P de Castro-Manglano, J J Marín-Méndez, A Díez-Suárez
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to validate a Spanish-language version of the 18-item ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHD-RS-IV.es) in a Spanish sample. METHODS: From a total sample of 652 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years (mean age was 11.14±3.27), we included 518 who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for ADHD and 134 healthy controls. To evaluate the factorial structure, validity, and reliability of the scale, we performed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using structural equation modelling on a polychoric correlation matrix and maximum likelihood estimation...
July 14, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716049/comparison-of-dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-criteria-for-alcohol-use-disorders-in-va-primary-care-patients-with-frequent-heavy-drinking-enrolled-in-a-trial
#6
Traci Takahashi, Gwen Lapham, Laura J Chavez, Amy K Lee, Emily C Williams, Julie E Richards, Diane Greenberg, Anna Rubinsky, Douglas Berger, Eric J Hawkins, Joseph O Merrill, Katharine A Bradley
BACKGROUND: Criteria for alcohol use disorders (AUD) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5) were intended to result in a similar prevalence of AUD as DSM-IV. We evaluated the prevalence of AUD using DSM-5 and DSM-IV criteria, and compared characteristics of patients who met criteria for: neither DSM-5 nor DSM-IV AUD, DSM-5 alone, DSM-IV alone, or both, among Veterans Administration (VA) outpatients in the Considering Healthier drinking Options In primary CarE (CHOICE) trial...
July 18, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715266/associations-of-social-support-friends-only-known-through-the-internet-and-health-related-quality-of-life-with-internet-gaming-disorder-in-adolescence
#7
Lutz Wartberg, Levente Kriston, Rudolf Kammerl
Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has been included in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-5). In the present study, the relationship among social support, friends only known through the Internet, health-related quality of life, and IGD in adolescence was explored for the first time. For this purpose, 1,095 adolescents aged from 12 to 14 years were surveyed with a standardized questionnaire concerning IGD, self-perceived social support, proportion of friends only known through the Internet, and health-related quality of life...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714048/avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-a-three-dimensional-model-of-neurobiology-with-implications-for-etiology-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Jennifer J Thomas, Elizabeth A Lawson, Nadia Micali, Madhusmita Misra, Thilo Deckersbach, Kamryn T Eddy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: DSM-5 defined avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) as a failure to meet nutritional needs leading to low weight, nutritional deficiency, dependence on supplemental feedings, and/or psychosocial impairment. We summarize what is known about ARFID and introduce a three-dimensional model to inform research. RECENT FINDINGS: Because ARFID prevalence, risk factors, and maintaining mechanisms are not known, prevailing treatment approaches are based on clinical experience rather than data...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712431/the-mediating-role-of-sleep-related-metacognitive-processes-in-trait-and-pre-sleep-state-hyperarousal-in-insomnia-disorder
#9
Laura Palagini, Jason C Ong, Dieter Riemann
OBJECTIVE: Trait predisposition to hyperarousal and pre-sleep state hyperarousal are considered key factors in insomnia, but research also supports the role of cognitive and metacognitive processes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between unhelpful sleep-related beliefs, sleep-related metacognition and trait/pre-sleep state arousal in insomnia disorder. METHOD: Sixty-eight subjects with insomnia disorder (DSM-5) and 36 good sleepers were evaluated with a set of questionnaires that included Dysfunctional Beliefs about Sleep scale (DBAS), Metacognitions Questionnaire - Insomnia (MCQI), Arousal Predisposition Scale (APS), and Pre-sleep Arousal Scale (PSAS)...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710592/shame-on-me-self-conscious-emotions-and-big-five-personality-traits-and-their-relations-to-anxiety-disorders-symptoms-in-young-non-clinical-adolescents
#10
Peter Muris, Cor Meesters, Mike van Asseldonk
This study explored the relations between self-conscious emotions, personality traits, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical youths. One-hundred-and-eighteen adolescents aged 12-15 years completed the brief shame and guilt questionnaire for children (BSGQ-C) and items of the youth self-report (YSR) to measure shame and guilt, the big five personality questionnaire for children, and the youth anxiety measure for DSM-5. Results for shame indicated that this self-conscious emotion-either measured by the BSGQ-C or the YSR-was uniquely and positively associated with a broad range of anxiety disorders symptoms, and correlated positively with neuroticism and negatively with extraversion...
July 14, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709821/the-mandarin-version-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-epidemiological-version-for-dsm-5-a-psychometric-study
#11
Yi-Lung Chen, Lih-Jong Shen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Changes of diagnostic coverage and criteria for psychiatric disorders in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published in 2013 cause a need for updating the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Epidemiological version (K-SADS-E). This study examined the preliminary psychometric properties, including inter-rater reliability, and convergent and divergent validity of the modified K-SADS-E for DSM-5...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709061/exploring-dsm-5-criterion-a-in-acute-stress-disorder-symptoms-following-natural-disaster
#12
Osnat Lavenda, Ephraim S Grossman, Menachem Ben-Ezra, Yaakov Hoffman
The present study examines the DSM-5 Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) diagnostic criteria of exposure, in the context of a natural disaster. The study is based on the reports of 1001 Filipinos following the aftermath of super typhoon Haiyan in 2013. Participants reported exposure to injury, psychological distress and ASD symptoms. Findings indicated the association of criterion A with the prevalence of meeting all other ASD diagnostic criteria and high psychological distress. The diagnostic properties of Criterion A are discussed...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707385/risk-factors-of-lower-urinary-tract-syndrome-among-ketamine-users
#13
I-Chun Chen, Ming-Huei Lee, Wei-Chih Chen, Tsung-Ching Hu, Hsiu-Ying Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the risk factors of ketamine associated-lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), such as duration of use, dosage of ketamine, co-occurring substance use of other psychoactive drugs, comorbidities, and depression. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional survey. LUTS was assessed with the O'Leary symptom and problem index (OSPI) scores. We included the comorbidities of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) as comorbid factors...
July 13, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704167/-i-feel-like-i-ve-hit-the-bottom-and-have-no-idea-what-to-do-supportive-social-networking-on-reddit-for-individuals-with-a-desire-to-quit-cannabis-use
#14
Shaina J Sowles, Melissa J Krauss, Lewam Gebremedhn, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
BACKGROUND: Online communities can provide social support to those in need and can foster personal empowerment for individuals experiencing distress. This study examines the content of a Reddit community dedicated to the support of people trying to quit using cannabis, in order to develop an understanding of the type of social networking occurring on this subreddit (e.g. community). METHODS: A total of 100 Reddit posts and their replies (i.e. comments) were collected from the subreddit on June 12, 2015...
July 13, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700459/the-microbiome-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-trauma-exposed-controls-an-exploratory-study
#15
Sian M J Hemmings, Stefanie Malan-Muller, Leigh L van den Heuvel, Brittany A Demmitt, Maggie A Stanislawski, David G Smith, Adam D Bohr, Christopher E Stamper, Embriette R Hyde, James T Morton, Clarisse A Marotz, Philip H Siebler, Maarten Braspenning, Wim Van Criekinge, Andrew J Hoisington, Lisa A Brenner, Teodor T Postolache, Matthew B McQueen, Kenneth S Krauter, Rob Knight, Soraya Seedat, Christopher A Lowry
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate immunoregulation and elevated inflammation may be risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and microbial inputs are important determinants of immunoregulation; however, the association between the gut microbiota and PTSD is unknown. This study investigated the gut microbiome in a South African sample of PTSD-affected individuals and trauma-exposed (TE) controls, to identify potential differences in microbial diversity or microbial community structure...
July 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697562/the-montreal-cognitive-assessment-normative-data-from-a-large-swedish-population-based-cohort
#16
Emma Borland, Katarina Nägga, Peter M Nilsson, Lennart Minthon, Erik D Nilsson, Sebastian Palmqvist
BACKGROUND: The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) has a high sensitivity for detecting cognitive dysfunction. Swedish normative data does not exist and international norms are often derived from populations where cognitive impairment has not been screened for and not been thoroughly assessed to exclude subjects with dementia or mild cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE: To establish norms for MoCA and develop a regression-based norm calculator based on a large, well-examined cohort...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696531/validation-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-using-the-international-trauma-questionnaire
#17
P Hyland, M Shevlin, C R Brewin, M Cloitre, A J Downes, S Jumbe, T Karatzias, J I Bisson, N P Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The 11th version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) has proposed two related trauma diagnoses: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). Using a newly developed, disorder-specific measure of PTSD and CPTSD called the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) the current study will (i) assess the factorial validity of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD; (ii) provide the first test of the discriminant validity of these constructs; and (iii) provide the first comparison of ICD-11, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), PTSD diagnostic rates using disorder-specific measures...
July 11, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693702/the-hidea-school-based-screening-scale-for-teachers-to-detect-adhd-markers-in-elementary-students
#18
Javier Fenollar-Cortés, Joaquín Parra-Martínez, Encarnación Hernández-Pérez, José-Antonio Rabadán-Rubio
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with academic difficulties both short- and long-term. The aim of the study was to provide a new brief ADHD screening scale that could be easily used by teachers and educational professionals in elementary schools. METHOD: Participants were teachers of 158 children with a prior diagnosis of ADHD and 169 children without a diagnosis of ADHD. An initial pool of 38 items was generated from ADHD symptoms of both DSM-5 and CIE-10 criteria, as well from Conners 3, EDAH, SDQ and ADHD-RS-IV scales...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692876/differentiating-constitutional-thinness-from-anorexia-nervosa-in-dsm-5-era
#19
Bruno Estour, Nesrine Marouani, Torrance Sigaud, François Lang, Eric Fakra, Yiin Ling, Aurélie Diamondé, James S Minnion, Bogdan Galusca, Natacha Germain
INTRODUCTION: Constitutional thinness (CT) is an underweight state characterized by normal menstruations and no change in feeding behaviour. Thinness is the only resemblance between Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and CT. Removal of amenorrhea from the new DSM 5 definition of AN might result in misdiagnosis between these two populations. The objective of this study was to compare CT, AN and Control subjects in terms of biological, anthropometric, and psychological markers in order to better distinguish AN from CT subjects...
June 23, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691846/a-review-of-purging-disorder-through-meta-analysis
#20
Kathryn E Smith, Janis H Crowther, Jason M Lavender
Although a growing body of research has examined Purging Disorder (PD), there remains a lack of conclusive evidence regarding the diagnostic validity of PD. This meta-analysis compared PD to DSM-5 eating disorders (i.e., Anorexia Nervosa [AN], Bulimia Nervosa [BN], and Binge Eating Disorder [BED]) and controls. A comprehensive literature search identified 38 eligible studies. Group differences on indicators of course of illness and both general and eating psychopathology were assessed using standardized effect sizes...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
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