keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Testing effect

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215021/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-processing-speed-and-internalizing-symptoms-the-moderating-effect-of-age
#1
Lisa A Jacobson, Megan Geist, E Mark Mahone
Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) has been defined by a constellation of caregiver-reported symptoms that includes daydreaming, difficulty initiating and sustaining effort, lethargy, and physical underactivity. These symptoms have been observed in both typically developing children and in some children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-especially those with the predominantly inattentive presentation. Symptoms of SCT (typically identified via rating scales) appear separable from DSM inattentive ADHD symptoms, but have also been associated with internalizing symptoms...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214975/surveillance-scans-in-lymphoma-friend-or-foe
#2
REVIEW
Tycel Phillips, Jessica Mercer
Advancements in the treatment of lymphoma over the last few decades have allowed more patients to achieve a remission after the completion of therapy. Due to the improvement in response rates, methods to detect recurrence early and accurately during follow-up, especially in patients with potential curable aggressive lymphomas, are a key. Observation has always involved close clinical follow-up with the use of physical exams and routine labs, but rapid changes in technology have allowed CT scans, PET scans, and MRIs to become an integral part of managing patients with lymphoma...
February 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214972/avocado-oil-induces-long-term-alleviation-of-oxidative-damage-in-kidney-mitochondria-from-type-2-diabetic-rats-by-improving-glutathione-status
#3
Omar Ortiz-Avila, María Del Consuelo Figueroa-García, Claudia Isabel García-Berumen, Elizabeth Calderón-Cortés, Jorge A Mejía-Barajas, Alain R Rodriguez-Orozco, Ricardo Mejía-Zepeda, Alfredo Saavedra-Molina, Christian Cortés-Rojo
Hyperglycemia and mitochondrial ROS overproduction have been identified as key factors involved in the development of diabetic nephropathy. This has encouraged the search for strategies decreasing glucose levels and long-term improvement of redox status of glutathione, the main antioxidant counteracting mitochondrial damage. Previously, we have shown that avocado oil improves redox status of glutathione in liver and brain mitochondria from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats; however, the long-term effects of avocado oil and its hypoglycemic effect cannot be evaluated because this model displays low survival and insulin depletion...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214956/banding-the-sleeve-improves-weight-loss-in-midterm-follow-up
#4
Jodok M Fink, Natalie Hoffmann, Simon Kuesters, Gabriel Seifert, Claudia Laessle, Torben Glatz, Ulrich T Hopt, W Konrad Karcz, Goran Marjanovic
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) can achieve excellent weight loss, yet sleeve dilatation with concomitant weight regain proves to be a relevant issue. Hence, additional restriction might improve results after LSG. METHODS: In a retrospective matched-pair analysis, 42 patients who underwent banded LSG (BLSG) using a MiniMizer® ring between January 2012 and October 2014 were analysed regarding weight loss, complications and comorbidity. Median follow-up was 3 years...
February 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214952/novel-potential-scaffold-for-periodontal-tissue-engineering
#5
Raquel Osorio, Camilo Andrés Alfonso-Rodríguez, Estrella Osorio, Antonio L Medina-Castillo, Miguel Alaminos, Manuel Toledano-Osorio, Manuel Toledano
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is characterization of novel calcium and zinc-loaded electrospun matrices to be used for periodontal regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A polymethylmetacrylate-based membrane was calcium or zinc loaded. Matrices were characterized morphologically by atomic force and scanning electron microscopy and mechanically probed by a nanoindenter. Biomimetic calcium phosphate precipitation on polymeric tissues was assessed. Cell viability tests were performed using oral mucosa fibroblasts...
February 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214915/evaluation-of-the-gard-assay-in-a-blind-cosmetics-europe-study
#6
Henrik Johansson, Robin Gradin, Andy Forreryd, Maria Agemark, Kathrin Zeller, Angelica Johansson, Olivia Larne, Erwin van Vliet, Carl Borrebaeck, Malin Lindstedt
Chemical hypersensitivity is an immunological response towards foreign substances, commonly referred to as sensitizers, which gives rise primarily to the clinical symptoms known as allergic contact dermatitis. For the purpose of mitigating risks associated with consumer products, chemicals are screened for sensitizing effects. Historically, such predictive screenings have been performed using animal models. However, due to industrial and regulatory demand, animal models for the purpose of sensitization assessment are being replaced by animal-free testing methods, a global trend that is spreading across industries and market segments...
February 17, 2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214901/protective-effects-of-fluvastatin-on-reproductive-function-in-obese-male-rats-induced-by-high-fat-diet-through-enhanced-signaling-of-mtor
#7
Xiangrong Cui, Chunlan Long, Jing Zhu, Jie Tian
BACKGROUND: Statins can reduce reproductive damage induced by obesity or high-fat diet (HFD), but the specific regulatory mechanisms are largely unknown. Since mTOR/p70s6k sinaling promotes spermatogonia proliferation and spermatogenesis, we hypothesized that this pathway will be involved in the protective effects of statin in HFD-induced reproductive dysfunction. METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley rats (3 weeks old) were randomly divided into a control group (standard diet), HFD group, and a fluvastatin group (HFD + fluvastatin at 6mg/kg, once daily by oral gavage)...
February 3, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214898/early-development-of-parvalbumin-somatostatin-and-cholecystokinin-expressing-neurons-in-rat-brain-following-prenatal-immune-activation-and-maternal-iron-deficiency
#8
Patricia Boksa, Ying Zhang, Dominique Nouel, Alice Wong, Tak Pan Wong
Prenatal maternal infection and maternal iron deficiency during pregnancy are 2 early environmental insults associated with increased risk for schizophrenia in offspring. Substantial evidence suggests that abnormalities in inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) interneuron function, especially in the parvalbumin subtype of GABA interneuron, both developmentally and in adulthood, may contribute mechanistically to cognitive deficits and psychotic symptoms in schizophrenia. This study used a rat model to test whether prenatal immune activation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; at gestation days, GD, 15 and 16) or maternal iron deficiency (from GD2 to postnatal day P7) or the combination of both insults alters major subtypes of GABAergic interneurons (parvalbumin, somatostatin, cholecystokinin) in brain regions relevant to schizophrenia (medial and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex [PFC], hippocampal CA1 and dentate gyrus, ventral subiculum) in offspring at P14 or P28...
February 18, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214894/mechanical-loading-improves-tendon-bone-healing-in-a-rabbit-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-model-by-promoting-proliferation-and-matrix-formation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-tendon-cells
#9
Fanglong Song, Dawei Jiang, Tianchen Wang, Yi Wang, Fengmei Chen, Guoxing Xu, Yifan Kang, Yinquan Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study investigated the effect of mechanical stress on tendon-bone healing in a rabbit anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction model as well as cell proliferation and matrix formation in co-culture of bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and tendon cells (TCs). METHODS: The effect of continuous passive motion (CPM) therapy on tendon-bone healing in a rabbit ACL reconstruction model was evaluated by histological analysis, biomechanical testing and gene expressions at the tendon-bone interface...
February 16, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214871/restraint-stress-during-pregnancy-rapidly-raises-kynurenic-acid-levels-in-mouse-placenta-and-fetal-brain
#10
Francesca M Notarangelo, Robert Schwarcz
Stressful events during pregnancy adversely affect brain development and may increase the risk of psychiatric disorders later in life. Early changes in the kynurenine (KYN) pathway (KP) of tryptophan (TRP) degradation, which contains several neuroactive metabolites, including kynurenic acid (KYNA), 3-hydroxykynurenine (3-HK), and quinolinic acid (QUIN), may constitute a molecular link between prenatal stress and delayed pathological consequences. To begin testing this hypothesis experimentally, we examined the effects of a 2-h restraint stress on KP metabolism in pregnant FVB/N mice on gestational day 17...
February 18, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214860/stimulation-of-erythrocyte-cell-membrane-scrambling-by-adarotene
#11
Morena Mischitelli, Mohamed Jemaàa, MyriamFezai Fezai, Mustafa Almasry, Florian Lang, Caterina Faggio
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The atypical retinoid E23-(40-hydroxyl-30-adamantylbiphenyl-4-yl) acrylic acid (ST1926, adarotene) is used in the treatment of malignancy. The effect of ST1926 is at least in part due to stimulation of apoptosis. Similar to apoptosis of nucleated cells, erythrocytes may enter eryptosis, the suicidal death of erythrocytes. Hallmarks of eryptosis include cell shrinkage and cell membrane scrambling with phosphatidylserine translocation to the erythrocyte surface. Signaling involved in the stimulation of eryptosis includes increase of cytosolic Ca2+ activity [Ca2+]<Sub>i</Sub>, oxidative stress and ceramide...
January 30, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214848/human-birth-weight-and-reproductive-immunology-testing-for-interactions-between-maternal-and-offspring-kir-and-hla-c-genes
#12
Michelle M Clark, Olympe Chazara, Eric M Sobel, Håkon K Gjessing, Per Magnus, Ashley Moffett, Janet S Sinsheimer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Maternal and offspring cell contact at the site of placentation presents a plausible setting for maternal-fetal genotype (MFG) interactions affecting fetal growth. We test hypotheses regarding killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and HLA-C MFG effects on human birth weight by extending the quantitative MFG (QMFG) test. METHODS: Until recently, association testing for MFG interactions had limited applications. To improve the ability to test for these interactions, we developed the extended QMFG test, a linear mixed-effect model that can use multi-locus genotype data from families...
February 18, 2017: Human Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214786/cost-effectiveness-of-risk-reducing-surgeries-in-preventing-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#13
Michael G Schrauder, Lisa Brunel-Geuder, Lothar Häberle, Marius Wunderle, Juliane Hoyer, André Reis, Rüdiger Schulz-Wendtland, Matthias W Beckmann, Michael P Lux
OBJECTIVES: Risk-reducing surgeries are a feasible option for mitigating the risk in individuals with inherited susceptibility to cancer, but are the procedures cost-effective in the current health-care system in Germany? This study compared the health-care costs for bilateral risk-reducing mastectomy (BRRM) and risk-reducing (bilateral) salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) with cancer treatment costs that could potentially be prevented. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The analysis is based on interdisciplinary consultations with individuals with a high familial risk for breast and ovarian cancer at the University Breast Center for Franconia (Germany) between 2009 and 2013 (370 consultations; 44 patients with BRCA1 mutations and 26 with BRCA2 mutations)...
February 16, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214778/thiol-disulfide-homeostasis-in-untreated-schizophrenia-patients
#14
Canan Topcuoglu, Abdurrahim Bakirhan, Fatma Meric Yilmaz, Salim Neselioglu, Ozcan Erel, Safak Yalcin Sahiner
BACKROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate dynamic thiol/disulfide (SH/SS) homeostasis in untreated schizophrenia. METHODS: Blood thiol/disulfide homeostasis status, which reflects native thiol-disulfide exchanges, was investigated in 87 untreated patients (52 males, 35 females), and the obtained results were compared with 86 healthy controls. Blood serum native thiol and total thiol (ToSH) concentrations were measured in a paired test. The half value of the difference between native thiol and ToSH concentrations was calculated as the disulfide bond amount...
February 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214770/masked-emotional-priming-a-double-dissociation-between-direct-and-indirect-effects-reveals-non-conscious-processing-of-emotional-information-beyond-valence
#15
Dirk Wentura, Michaela Rohr, Juliane Degner
We demonstrate non-conscious processing beyond valence by employing the masked emotional priming paradigm (Rohr, Degner, & Wentura, 2012) with a stimulus-onset asynchrony (SOA) variation. Emotional faces were briefly presented and directly masked, followed by the target face, using a SOA of either 43ms or 143ms. Targets were categorized as happy, angry, fearful, or sad. With short SOA, we replicated the differentiated priming effect within the negative domain (i.e., angry differentiate from fearful/sad). A direct test of prime awareness indicated that primes could not be discriminated consciously in this condition...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214768/selective-attention-meets-spontaneous-recognition-memory-evidence-for-effects-at-retrieval
#16
Katherine C Moen, Jeremy K Miller, Marianne E Lloyd
Previous research on the effects of Divided Attention on recognition memory have shown consistent impairments during encoding but more variable effects at retrieval. The present study explored whether effects of Selective Attention at retrieval and subsequent testing were parallel to those of Divided Attention. Participants studied a list of pictures and then had a recognition memory test that included both full attention and selective attention (the to be responded to object was overlaid atop a blue outlined object) trials...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214767/exploring-relations-among-mindfulness-facets-and-various-meditation-practices-do-they-work-in-different-ways
#17
Ausiàs Cebolla, Daniel Campos, Laura Galiana, Amparo Oliver, Jose Manuel Tomás, Albert Feliu-Soler, Joaquim Soler, Javier García-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo, Rosa María Baños
Several meditation practices are associated with mindfulness-based interventions but little is known about their specific effects on the development of different mindfulness facets. This study aimed to assess the relations among different practice variables, types of meditation, and mindfulness facets. The final sample was composed of 185 participants who completed an on-line survey, including information on the frequency and duration of each meditation practice, lifetime practice, and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214744/tuning-of-the-selectivity-of-fluorescent-peptidyl-bioprobe-using-aggregation-induced-emission-for-heavy-metal-ions-by-buffering-agents-in-100-aqueous-solutions
#18
Lok Nath Neupane, Gi Won Hwang, Keun-Hyeung Lee
Smart fluorescent probes of which the detection of specific target molecules can be controlled are attracting remarkable interest. A fluorescent peptidyl bioprobe (1) was rationally synthesized by conjugating tetraphenylethylene, an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) fluorophore with a peptide receptor (AspHis) that acted as hard and intermediate bases. The selective detection of 1 for specific metal ion in 100% aqueous solutions was controlled by the buffering agents with the chelate effect without the change of pH...
February 3, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214720/treatment-efficiency-and-economic-feasibility-of-biological-oxidation-membrane-filtration-and-separation-processes-and-advanced-oxidation-for-the-purification-and-valorization-of-olive-mill-wastewater
#19
L Ioannou-Ttofa, I Michael-Kordatou, S C Fattas, A Eusebio, B Ribeiro, M Rusan, A R B Amer, S Zuraiqi, M Waismand, C Linder, Z Wiesman, J Gilron, D Fatta-Kassinos
Olive mill wastewater (OMW) is a major waste stream resulting from numerous operations that occur during the production stages of olive oil. The resulting effluent contains various organic and inorganic contaminants and its environmental impact can be notable. The present work aims at investigating the efficiency of (i) jet-loop reactor with ultrafiltration (UF) membrane system (Jacto.MBR), (ii) solar photo-Fenton oxidation after coagulation/flocculation pre-treatment and (iii) integrated membrane filtration processes (i...
February 12, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214711/development-of-the-epilepsy-risk-awareness-scale-era-scale-for-people-with-epilepsy
#20
Andreas Braun, Sally Kendall, Christine Cole, Nigel Smeeton, Heather Angus-Leppan
PURPOSE: Quality of life in people with epilepsy depends on balancing protection from risks and avoiding unnecessary restrictions. The Epilepsy Risk Awareness Checklist (ERAC) was developed to summarise an individual's safety, health care and quality of life and to facilitate communication between professionals. Although effective, the existing Checklist required quantification and shortening to increase its utility, particularly as a longitudinal tool for measuring and communicating changes over time...
February 9, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
keyword
keyword
30054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"