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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223514/need-for-integrative-thinking-to-fight-against-emerging-infectious-diseases-proceedings-of-the-5th-seminar-on-emerging-infectious-diseases-march-22-2016-%C3%A2-current-trends-and-proposals
#1
C Burdet, J-F Guégan, X Duval, M Le Tyrant, H Bergeron, J-C Manuguerra, J Raude, C Leport, P Zylberman
We present here the proceedings of the 5th seminar on emerging infectious diseases, held in Paris on March 22nd, 2016, with seven priority proposals that can be outlined as follows: encourage research on the prediction, screening and early detection of new risks of infection; develop research and surveillance concerning transmission of pathogens between animals and humans, with their reinforcement in particular in intertropical areas ("hot-spots") via public support; pursue aid development and support in these areas of prevention and training for local health personnel, and foster risk awareness in the population; ensure adapted patient care in order to promote adherence to treatment and to epidemic propagation reduction measures; develop greater awareness and better education among politicians and healthcare providers, in order to ensure more adapted response to new types of crises; modify the logic of governance, drawing from all available modes of communication and incorporating new information-sharing tools; develop economic research on the fight against emerging infectious diseases, taking into account specific driving factors in order to create a balance between preventive and curative approaches...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223401/palliative-care-need-and-availability-in-four-referral-hospitals-in-senegal-results-from-a-multi-component-assessment
#2
Hana Hamdi, Oumar Ba, Serigne Niang, Christian Ntizimira, Mouhadou Mbengue, Aminata Sophie Coulbary, Rokhaya Niang, Matthew Parsons, Joseph J Amon, Diederik Lohman
CONTEXT: With prevalence of non-communicable diseases and life expectancy rising in Senegal, the need for palliative care is likely growing. No national palliative care needs assessments have been carried out. OBJECTIVES: To assess the capacity and need for palliative care in Senegal. METHODS: A multi-component assessment of availability and demand for palliative care was conducted in two tertiary and two regional hospitals in Senegal in 2015 with approval from Senegal's National Ethics Committee for Health Research...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223192/training-needs-for-dementia-care-in-china-from-the-perspectives-of-mental-health-providers-who-what-and-how
#3
Ling Xu, Hsin-Yi Hsiao, Wenchen Denq, Iris Chi
BACKGROUND: Acknowledging increasing demand of dementia care for patients in China, this paper aims to understand the training needs of dementia care from the perspectives of mental health providers by examining who should be the trainees, what should be the contents of training, and how to deliver the training in China. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, data were gathered via four focus group discussions with 40 mental health providers in Beijing, China, in 2011...
December 10, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221539/partnership-conference
#4
John A Bartlett, Sarah Cao, Blandina Mmbaga, Xu Qian, Michael Merson, Randall Kramer
BACKGROUND: The Duke Global Health Institute (DGHI) was founded in 2006 with a goal to foster interdisciplinary global health education and research across Duke University and Duke Medical Center. Critical to achieving this goal is the need to develop and sustain strong international partnerships. OBJECTIVE: To host a conference with multiple international partners and strengthen existing relationships. METHODS: After a deliberate year-long planning process, DGHI convened a Partnership Conference with its international partners on the Duke University campus in conjunction with its 10th Anniversary Celebration...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220618/psychological-comfort-of-paramedics-with-field-death-pronouncement-a-national-asian-study-to-prepare-paramedics-for-field-termination-of-resuscitation
#5
Desmond R H Mao, Marcus E H Ong, Chungli Bang, Mohamed D T Salim, Yih Yng Ng, Desiree A Lie
OBJECTIVES: Paramedics' decision to terminate field resuscitation without a physician present may depend on personal and external factors. This study investigates factors associated with paramedic psychological comfort with termination of resuscitation (TOR) to inform future training. METHODS: We administered an anonymous survey to all practicing paramedics in a large urban Asian Emergency Medical Services system where formal TOR training had not yet been conducted and field TOR was not routinely applied...
December 8, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219894/crisis-management-simulation-establishing-a-dual-neurosurgery-and-anesthesia-training-experience
#6
Jeremy Ciporen, Haley Gillham, Michele Noles, Dawn Dillman, Mark Baskerville, Caleb Haley, Donn Spight, Ryan C Turner, Brandon P Lucke-Wold
BACKGROUND: Simulation training has been shown to be an effective teaching tool. Learner management of an intraoperative crisis such as a major cerebrovascular bleed requires effective teamwork, communication, and implementation of key skill sets at appropriate time points. This study establishes a first of a kind simulation experience in a neurosurgery/anesthesia resident (learners) team working together to manage an intraoperative crisis. METHODS: Using a cadaveric cavernous carotid injury perfusion model, 7 neurosurgery and 6 anesthesia learners, were trained on appropriate vascular injury management using an endonasal endoscopic technique...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218847/potential-exposure-to-australian-bat-lyssavirus-is-unlikely-to-prevent-future-bat-handling-among-adults-in-south-east-queensland
#7
M K Young, S Banu, B J McCall, S Vlack, H Carroll, S Bennett, R Davison, D Francis
Despite ongoing public health messages about the risks associated with bat contact, the number of potential exposures to Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) due to intentional handling by members of the general public in Queensland has remained high. We sought to better understand the reasons for intentional handling among these members of the public who reported their potential exposure to inform future public health messages. We interviewed adults who resided in a defined geographic area in South East Queensland and notified potential exposure to ABLV due to intentional handling of bats by telephone between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
December 8, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218815/prospective-systemic-risk-analysis-of-the-dispensing-process-in-german-community-pharmacies
#8
Tatjana Stojković, Olaf Rose, Ronja Woltersdorf, Valentina Marinković, Tanja Manser, Ulrich Jaehde
BACKGROUND: Medicine dispensing represents an error-prone activity, carrying a considerable risk for patients. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively identify and prioritize potential failure modes in the medicine dispensing process as well as to develop corrective actions for patient safety improvement in German community pharmacies. METHOD: Failure mode and effects analysis was performed in 2 community pharmacies in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, in October 2016...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218803/community-pharmacist-led-clinical-services-physician-s-understanding-perceptions-and-readiness-to-collaborate-in-a-midwestern-state-in-the-united-states
#9
Cameron Gordon, Elizabeth Unni, Jaime Montuoro, Diane B Ogborn
OBJECTIVES: Many pharmacists are actively enhancing their role in the delivery of health care by offering a variety of pharmacist-led clinical services. The delivery of these services within community pharmacies can contribute to overcoming the cost and accessibility challenges currently facing U.S. health care, especially when pharmacist-physician collaborative efforts are utilized. The study purpose was to identify general and family practice physicians' awareness of pharmacists' delivery of clinical services, uncover their perceived barriers to collaboration with community pharmacists, and collect their input on how to overcome such barriers in order to better understand how pharmacist-led clinical services can be integrated, improved and more widely utilized as a healthcare delivery mechanism...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218791/a-novel-approach-to-training-attention-and-gaze-in-asd-a-feasibility-and-efficacy-pilot-study
#10
Leanne Chukoskie, Marissa Westerfield, Jeanne Townsend
In addition to the social, communicative and behavioral symptoms that define the disorder, individuals with ASD have difficulty re-orienting attention quickly and accurately. Similarly, fast re-orienting saccadic eye movements are also inaccurate and more variable in both endpoint and timing. Atypical gaze and attention are among the earliest symptoms observed in ASD. Disruption of these foundation skills critically affects development of higher level cognitive and social behavior. We propose that interventions aimed at these early deficits that support social and cognitive skills will be broadly effective...
December 8, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216263/roles-responsibilities-and-characteristics-of-lay-community-health-workers-involved-in-diabetes-prevention-programmes-a-systematic-review
#11
Jillian Hill, Nasheeta Peer, Brian Oldenburg, Andre Pascale Kengne
AIM: To examine the characteristics of community health workers (CHWs) involved in diabetes prevention programmes (DPPs) and their contributions to expected outcomes. METHODS: Electronic databases including PubMed-MEDLINE, EBSCOHost, and SCOPUS/EMBASE were searched for studies published between January 2000 and March 2016. All studies that used CHWs to implement DPP in ≥18-year-old participants without diabetes but at high risk for developing the condition, irrespective of the study design, setting or outcomes measured, were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215794/immigrant-nurses-perceptions-on-cultural-differences-based-job-concerns-a-phenomenological-study-in-shanghai-china
#12
Hai-Ping Yu, You-Qing Peng, Yun-Ying Hung, Lin Zhou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences of immigrant nurses working in Shanghai, China. BACKGROUND: With the development of China, population growth has been accelerating. Simultaneously, the number of immigrant nurses in Shanghai has been increasing dramatically. Meanwhile, their turnover rate is abnormally high, primarily because of job concerns stemming from cultural differences. An understanding of immigrant nurses' job concerns caused by cultural differences can be used to help them to work more efficiently and cohesively...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214975/home-based-health-promotion-for-older-people-with-mild-frailty-the-homehealth-intervention-development-and-feasibility-rct
#13
Kate Walters, Rachael Frost, Kalpa Kharicha, Christina Avgerinou, Benjamin Gardner, Federico Ricciardi, Rachael Hunter, Ann Liljas, Jill Manthorpe, Vari Drennan, John Wood, Claire Goodman, Ana Jovicic, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: Mild frailty or pre-frailty is common and yet is potentially reversible. Preventing progression to worsening frailty may benefit individuals and lower health/social care costs. However, we know little about effective approaches to preventing frailty progression. OBJECTIVES: (1) To develop an evidence- and theory-based home-based health promotion intervention for older people with mild frailty. (2) To assess feasibility, costs and acceptability of (i) the intervention and (ii) a full-scale clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness randomised controlled trial (RCT)...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214963/ideology-and-palliative-care-moral-hazards-at-the-bedside
#14
Rosamond Rhodes, James J Strain
Palliative care has had a long-standing commitment to teaching medical students and other medical professionals about pain management, communication, supporting patients in their decisions, and providing compassionate end-of-life care. Palliative care programs also have a critical role in helping patients understand medical conditions, and in supporting them in dealing with pain, fear of dying, and the experiences of the terminal phase of their lives. We applaud their efforts to provide that critical training and fully support their continued important work in meeting the needs of patients and families...
January 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214891/core-competencies-in-clinical-neuropsychology-training-across-the-world
#15
Erik Hessen, Laura Hokkanen, Jennie Ponsford, Martine van Zandvoort, Ann Watts, Jonathan Evans, Kathleen Y Haaland
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to review main competency requirements from training models in countries with well-established specialties in clinical neuropsychology and to extract core competencies that likely will apply to clinical neuropsychologists regardless of regional and cultural context. METHOD: We reviewed standards for post-graduate training in clinical neuropsychology from countries in Europe, Australia, and North America based on existing literature, presentations at international conferences, and from description of the training models from national psychological or neuropsychological associations...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214133/systematic-review-of-functional-analysis-and-treatment-of-elopement-2000-2015
#16
Megan A Boyle, Reesha M Adamson
Elopement is a dangerous behavior that is emitted by a large proportion of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Functional analysis and function-based treatments are critical in identifying maintaining reinforcers and decreasing elopement. The purpose of this review was to identify recent trends in the functional analysis and treatment of elopement, as well as determine the efficacy (standardized mean differences) of recent treatments. Over half of subjects' elopement was maintained by social positive reinforcement, while only 25% of subjects' elopement was maintained by social negative reinforcement...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212387/employee-experience-of-workplace-supervisor-contact-and-support-during-long-term-sickness-absence
#17
Nicholas J Buys, John Selander, Jing Sun
PURPOSE: Workplace support is an important factor in promoting successful return to work. The purpose of this article is to examine relationships between supervisor contact, perceived workplace support and demographic variables among employees on long-term sickness absence. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Data were collected from 204 public employees at a municipality in Sweden who had been on long term sickness absence (60 days or more) using a 23 question survey instrument that collected information on demographic variables, supervisor contact and perceived workplace support...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212345/a-pilot-investigation-of-an-ios-based-app-for-toilet-training-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Daniel W Mruzek, Stephen McAleavey, Whitney A Loring, Eric Butter, Tristram Smith, Erin McDonnell, Lynne Levato, Courtney Aponte, Rebekah P Travis, Rachel E Aiello, Cora M Taylor, Jonathan W Wilkins, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Dianne M Finkelstein, Alyssa M York, Katherine Zanibbi
We developed an iOS-based app with a transmitter/disposable sensor and corresponding manualized intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. The app signaled the onset of urination, time-stamped accidents for analysis, reminded parents to reinforce intervals of continence, provided a visual outlet for parents to communicate reinforcement, and afforded opportunity for timely feedback from clinicians. We compared this intervention with an intervention that uses standard behavioral treatment in a pilot randomized controlled trial of 33 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 3-6 years with urinary incontinence...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210557/improving-patient-safety-improving-communication
#19
Heather Bittner-Fagan, Joshua Davis, Margot Savoy
Communication among physicians, staff, and patients is a critical element in patient safety. Effective communication skills can be taught and improved through training and awareness. The practice of family medicine allows for long-term relationships with patients, which affords opportunities for ongoing, high-quality communication. There are many barriers to effective communication, including patient factors, clinician factors, and system factors, but tools and strategies exist to address these barriers, improve communication, and engage patients in their care...
December 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210143/sudden-death-in-paediatrics-as-a-traumatic-experience-for-critical-care-nurses
#20
Lígia Lima, Sandra Gonçalves, Cândida Pinto
BACKGROUND: Research shows that nurses working in critical care units and in particular, paediatric units, are at risk of developing symptoms of secondary traumatic stress (STS). However, little attention has been given to this phenomenon when associated with situations of sudden death in paediatrics. AIM: This study aimed to examine the impact of sudden death in paediatrics on nurses working in paediatrics critical care units and to explore nurses' experiences of this event...
December 5, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
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