keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diabetes, hypertension, pregnancy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779144/effect-of-pre-gravid-body-mass-index-on-outcomes-of-pregnancies-following-in-vitro-fertilization
#1
Miha Lucovnik, Isaac Blickstein, Tomislav Mirkovic, Ivan Verdenik, Katja Bricelj, Marijana Vidmar Simic, Natasa Tul, Andreja Trojner Bregar
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of pre-gravid body mass index (BMI) on perinatal outcomes in in vitro fertilization (IVF) singleton pregnancies. METHODS: Retrospective population-based cohort study. All singleton pregnancies delivered at ≥ 22 weeks' in Slovenia between 2002 and 2015 were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between BMI category and outcomes, controlling for potential confounding variables. Interaction term was included to evaluate whether effects of obesity on perinatal outcomes differ in IVF vs...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758115/antepartum-care-of-women-who-are-obese-during-pregnancy-systematic-review-of-the-current-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Nicole S Carlson, Sharon Lynn Leslie, Alexis Dunn
INTRODUCTION: Nearly 40% of US women of childbearing age are obese. Obesity during pregnancy is associated with multiple risks for both the woman and fetus, yet clinicians often feel unprepared to provide optimal antepartum care for this group of women. We collected and reviewed current evidence concerning antepartum care of women who are obese during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review using PRISMA guidelines. Current evidence relating to the pregnancy care of women with a prepregnancy body mass index of 30kg/m2 or higher was identified using MEDLINE databases via PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science Core Collection between January 2012 and February 2018...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755036/pregnancy-related-risk-factors-are-associated-with-a-significant-burden-of-treated-hypertension-within-10-years-of-delivery-findings-from-a-population-based-norwegian-cohort
#3
Grace M Egeland, Svetlana Skurtveit, Anne Cathrine Staff, Geir Egil Eide, Anne-Kjersti Daltveit, Kari Klungsøyr, Lill Trogstad, Per M Magnus, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Margaretha Haugen
BACKGROUND: The association between pregnancy complications and women's later cardiovascular disease has, primarily, been evaluated in studies lacking information on important covariates. This report evaluates the prospective associations between pregnancy-related risk factors (preeclampsia/eclampsia, gestational hypertension, pregestational and gestational diabetes mellitus, preterm delivery, and fetal growth restriction) and pharmacologically treated hypertension within 10 years after pregnancy, while adjusting for a wide range of covariates...
May 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755033/impact-of-a-history-of-hypertension-in-pregnancy-on-later-diagnosis-of-atrial-fibrillation
#4
Dawn C Scantlebury, Andrea G Kattah, Tracey L Weissgerber, Sanket Agarwal, Michelle M Mielke, Amy L Weaver, Lisa E Vaughan, Stanislav Henkin, Katherine Zimmerman, Virginia M Miller, Wendy M White, Sharonne N Hayes, Vesna D Garovic
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF) produces significant morbidity in women and is typically attributed to cardiac remodeling from multiple causes, particularly hypertension. Hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPDs) are associated with future hypertension and adverse cardiac remodeling. We evaluated whether women with AF were more likely to have experienced a HPD compared with those without. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nested case-control study was conducted within a cohort of 7566 women who had a live or stillbirth delivery in Olmsted County, Minnesota between 1976 and 1982...
May 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749110/metformin-for-the-prevention-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Erkan Kalafat, Yavuz Emre Sukur, Abdulkadir, Basky Thilaganathan, Asma Khalil
OBJECTIVES: Metformin has been reported to reduce the risk of preeclampsia. It is also known to influence soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) levels, which correlate significantly with the gestation of onset and severity of preeclampsia. The main aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine whether metformin use is associated with the incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). METHODS: MEDLINE (1947 - September 2017), Scopus (1970 - September 2017) and the Cochrane Library (since inception - September 2017) were searched for relevant citations in English language...
May 10, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747733/pregestational-diabetes-in-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Ronan Sugrue, Chloe Zera
Diabetes is a common chronic condition in women of reproductive age. Preconception care is crucial to reducing the risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, such as hypertensive disorders, abnormal fetal growth, traumatic delivery and stillbirth, associated with poor glycemic control. Insulin is the preferred medication to optimize glucose control in women with pregestational diabetes. Frequent dose adjustments are needed during pregnancy to achieve glycemic goals, and team-based multidisciplinary care may help...
June 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739273/angiogenic-dysregulation-in-pregnancy-related-hypertension-a-role-for-metformin
#7
Nerolen Soobryan, Saravanakumar Murugesan, Arunagiri Pandiyan, Jagidesa Moodley, Irene Mackraj
In the face of escalating maternal and fetal health threats, hypertensive pregnancy disorders (HPDs) is one of the leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The range of HPDs include white-coat hypertension, chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, mild-to-moderate and severe preeclampsia and eclampsia. Current evidence implicates an imbalance of circulating anti- and angiogenic factors in HPDs emanating from the placental vasculature, impacting on angiogenesis. Delivery of the fetus is thus far the only curative measure, albeit with increased risk...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730389/mothers-with-hip-the-short-term-and-long-term-impact-what-is-new
#8
REVIEW
Federico Mecacci, Serena Ottanelli, Felice Petraglia
Hyperglycemia is one of the most common medical conditions that women encounter during pregnancy and it is due to gestational diabetes (GDM) in the majority of cases [1]. GDM is associated with a higher incidence of maternal morbidity in pregnancy in term of hypertensive disorders/preclampsia and higher rate of cesarean delivery but also with long-term risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Pregnancy can therefore be considered a stress test; diagnosis of HIP can unmask a preexisting susceptibility and consequently a future risk for type 2 diabetes and can be a useful marker of future cardiovascular risk...
May 3, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728364/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-renal-function-a-prospective-study-with-9-to-16-year-follow-up-after-pregnancy
#9
Shristi Rawal, Sjurdur F Olsen, Louise G Grunnet, Ronald C Ma, Stefanie N Hinkle, Charlotta Granström, Jing Wu, Edwina Yeung, James L Mills, Yeyi Zhu, Wei Bao, Sylvia H Ley, Frank B Hu, Peter Damm, Allan Vaag, Michael Y Tsai, Cuilin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), independent of subsequent diabetes, is an early risk factor for renal impairment long term after the index pregnancy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the Diabetes & Women's Health (DWH) study (2012-2016), we examined the independent and joint associations of GDM and subsequent diabetes with long-term renal function among 607 women with and 619 women without GDM in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) index pregnancy (1996-2002)...
May 4, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725629/acute-kidney-injury-in-pregnancy-the-changing-landscape-for-the-21st-century
#10
REVIEW
Swati Rao, Belinda Jim
Pregnancy-related acute kidney injury (Pr-AKI) remains a large public health problem, with decreasing incidences in developing countries but seemingly increasing incidences in the United States and Canada. These epidemiologic changes are reflective of the advances in medical and obstetric care, as well as changes in underlying maternal risk factors. The risk factors associated with advanced maternal age, such as hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, and those associated with reproductive technologies such as multiple gestations, are increasing...
March 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723385/prepregnancy-body-mass-index-gestational-weight-gain-and-birth-weight-in-the-brisa-cohort
#11
Raina Jansen Cutrim Propp Lima, Rosângela Fernandes Lucena Batista, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Cecília Cláudia Costa Ribeiro, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Pedro Martins Lima Neto, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva, Heloisa Bettiol
OBJECTIVE To analyze the effects of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and weight gain during pregnancy on the baby's birth weight. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional study with 5,024 mothers and their newborns using a Brazilian birth cohort study. In the proposed model, estimated by structural equation modeling, we tested socioeconomic status, age, marital status, pre-pregnancy body mass index, smoking habit and alcohol consumption during pregnancy, hypertension and gestational diabetes, gestational weight gain, and type of delivery as determinants of the baby's birth weight...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712720/metabolic-disorders-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-cardiometabolic-risk
#12
Angelo Maria Patti, Kalliopi Pafili, Nikolaos Papanas, Manfredi Rizzo
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can trigger gestational diabetes (GDM), which is constantly increasing. Its main characteristic is pronounced insulin resistance, but it appears to be a multifactorial process involving several metabolic factors; taken together, the latter lead to silent or clinically evident cardiovascular (CV) events. Insulin resistance and central adiposity are of crucial importance in the development of metabolic syndrome and they appear to correlate with CV risk factors, including hypertension and atherogenic dyslipidaemia...
April 30, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712482/does-pregnancy-interval-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-affect-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes
#13
Alper Basbug, Aşkı Ellibeş Kaya, Sami Dogan, Mevlut Pehlivan, Gokhan Goynumer
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a global health epidemic and is associated with many maternal and neonatal complications. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is among the surgical treatments for obesity. The appropriate timing of pregnancy following LSG remains controversial and few studies have evaluated this public health issue. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pregnancy timing after LSG on maternal and perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective observational study of 23 pregnant women who underwent LSG at a tertiary hospital in Turkey...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707880/risk-factors-for-adverse-maternal-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-with-preeclampsia-analysis-of-1396-cases
#14
Xun Li, Weishe Zhang, Jianhua Lin, Huai Liu, Zujing Yang, Yincheng Teng, Si Duan, Xinxiu Lin, Yingming Xie, Yuanqiu Li, Liangqun Xie, Qiaozhen Peng, Lu Xia
Preeclampsia is a major cause of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes, but how to identify women and fetuses at increased risk for later adverse events is a challenge. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in women with preeclampsia. Data from 1396 women with preeclampsia were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Eighteen candidate risk factors and 12 adverse outcomes were investigated. The following factors were found to be significantly associated with at least one adverse outcome: maternal age 35 years or older, multiple birth, the usage of assisted reproductive technology, living in a rural area, history of pregnancy-induced hypertension, male fetus, multigravida, or having polycystic ovary syndrome, hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count syndrome, intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, cardiovascular disease, gestational diabetes mellitus, systemic lupus erythematosus, thyroid disease, or liver disease...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695082/marine-omega-3-fatty-acids-complications-of-pregnancy-and-maternal-risk-factors-for-offspring-cardio-metabolic-disease
#15
REVIEW
Melinda Phang, Michael R Skilton
Marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) are important nutrients during periods of rapid growth and development in utero and infancy. Maternal health and risk factors play a crucial role in birth outcomes and subsequently offspring cardio-metabolic health. Evidence from observational studies and randomized trials have suggested a potential association of maternal intake of marine n-3 PUFAs during pregnancy with pregnancy and birth outcomes. However, there is inconsistency in the literature on whether marine n-3 PUFA supplementation during pregnancy can prevent maternal complications of pregnancy...
April 24, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692677/comparative-study-of-obstetric-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-live-births-between-poor-and-good-quality-embryo-transfers
#16
Kozue Akamine, Keiko Mekaru, Keiya Gibo, Chinatsu Nagata, Sugiko Oishi, Maho Miyagi, Chiaki Heshiki, Tadatugu Kinjo, Hitoshi Masamoto, Yoichi Aoki
Purpose: To evaluate the effect of embryo quality on pregnancy outcomes. Methods: This retrospective analysis included 80 live singleton births, resulting from morphologically good-quality embryo transfers, and 25 live singleton births that resulted from morphologically poor-quality embryo transfers between January, 2008 and December, 2014. Cleavage embryos that were graded as ≥2, according to the Veeck classification system, and blastocysts that were graded as ≥3BB, according to the Gardner classification system, were defined as good quality...
April 2018: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689321/gestational-weight-gain-and-weight-loss-among-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Daphna Komem, Lina Salman, Eyal Krispin, Nissim Arbib, Ron Bardin, Arnon Wiznitzer, Eran Hadar
AIMS: To assess the association of gestational weight gain or loss with adverse pregnancy outcome among women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: Retrospective study of all women diagnosed with GDM, from July 2012 to December 2016, stratified by gestational weight change according to the institute of medicine recommendations. Primary maternal outcome was glycemic control and primary neonatal outcome was large or small for gestational age (LGA or SGA)...
April 21, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687477/obstetric-interventions-trends-and-drivers-of-change-a-20-year-population-based-study-from-iceland
#18
Emma M Swift, Gunnar Tomasson, Helga Gottfreðsdóttir, Kristjana Einarsdóttir, Helga Zoega
BACKGROUND: Population data on obstetric interventions is often limited to cesarean delivery. We aimed to provide a more comprehensive overview of trends in use of several common obstetric interventions over the past 2 decades. METHODS: The study was based on nationwide data from the Icelandic Medical Birth Register. Incidence of labor induction, epidural analgesia, cesarean, and instrumental delivery was calculated for all births in 1995-2014. Change over time was expressed as relative risk (RR), using Poisson regression with 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for several maternal and pregnancy-related characteristics...
April 24, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686379/maternal-early-pregnancy-obesity-and-related-pregnancy-and-pre-pregnancy-disorders-associations-with-child-developmental-milestones-in-the-prospective-predo-study
#19
Polina Girchenko, Soile Tuovinen, Marius Lahti-Pulkkinen, Jari Lahti, Katri Savolainen, Kati Heinonen, Riikka Pyhälä, Rebecca M Reynolds, Esa Hämäläinen, Pia M Villa, Eero Kajantie, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Hannele Laivuori, Katri Räikkönen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have linked maternal pre-pregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 ) with suboptimal neurodevelopment in her offspring; however, the literature is not entirely consistent. Whether these effects are muddled by maternal self-reports of pre-pregnancy weight and height, or are driven or amplified by the well often comorbid hypertensive and diabetic pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders, remains unclear. We examined whether maternal early pregnancy obesity is associated with developmental delay in her offspring, and if the associations are driven or amplified by diabetic and hypertensive pregnancy and pre-pregnancy disorders...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683305/maternity-care-update-preconception-care
#20
Andrew Smith, Wendy B Barr, Erin Bassett-Novoa, Nicholas LeFevre
Family physicians are in a unique position to ensure that women receive preconception care. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend preconception care for all women, but particularly for women with comorbid conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and chronic hypertension. Family physicians should ask all women of reproductive age who are at risk of unintended pregnancy if they desire pregnancy within the next year and, based on this answer, provide counseling on contraception or preconception care...
April 2018: FP Essentials
keyword
keyword
30050
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"