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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218684/ent-abietanoids-isolated-from-isodon-serra
#1
Jun Wan, Hua-Yi Jiang, Jian-Wei Tang, Xing-Ren Li, Xue Du, Yan Li, Han-Dong Sun, Jian-Xin Pu
Four new ent-abietane diterpenoids, along with four known ones were isolated from the aerial parts of Isodon serra, a traditional Chinese folk medicine. The new diterpenoids were named as serrin K (1), xerophilusin XVII (2), and enanderianins Q and R (3 and 4), while the known ones were identified as rubescansin J (5), (3α,14β)-3,18-[(1-methylethane-1,1-diyl)dioxy]-ent-abieta-7,15(17)-diene-14,16-diol (6), xerophilusin XIV (7), and enanderianin P (8), respectively. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis and comparison with the literature...
February 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214867/the-novel-long-noncoding-rna-tusc7-inhibits-proliferation-by-sponging-mir-211-in-colorectal-cancer
#2
Jian Xu, Rui Zhang, Jian Zhao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The novel long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) tumor suppressor candidate 7 (TUSC7) has been reported as a potential tumor suppressor, while the functional role of TUSC7 is still unknown in colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we characterized TUSC7 expression profile in CRC patients and investigated its biological function and potential molecular mechanism. METHODS: RNA isolation, qRT-PCR, cell counter kit-8 assay, cell cycle assay, EdU assay, and western blot were performed...
February 8, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207024/-ru-co-x-core-complexes-with-benzimidazole-ligands-synthesis-x-ray-structure-and-evaluation-of-anticancer-activity-in-vivo
#3
Gabriella Tamasi, Antonello Merlino, Federica Scaletti, Petra Heffeter, Anton A Legin, Michael A Jakupec, Walter Berger, Luigi Messori, Bernhard K Keppler, Renzo Cini
The reaction of [Ru(CO)6Cl2], 1, with N[combining low line](3)-methylbenzimidazole (MBI) and 5,6-dimethylbenzimidazole (DMBI) afforded two new complexes with the general formula fac-[Ru(II)(CO)3Cl2L], L = MBI (2) or DMBI (4). Crystals of cis,trans-[Ru(II)(CO)2Cl2(N[combining low line](3)-MBI)2], 3, were also obtained from the mother liquor that produced 2. In the presence of water, the dissociation of Ru-N, Ru-Cl and Ru-CO bonds occurred as a function of time, water content and pH. Density functional theory structure simulations/optimizations were carried out at the Becke3LYP level of theory for evaluating the relative stability of possible conformers...
February 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199979/atm-mutations-and-e-cadherin-expression-define-sensitivity-to-egfr-targeted-therapy-in-colorectal-cancer
#4
Anna-Lena Geißler, Miriam Geißler, Daniel Kottmann, Lisa Lutz, Christiane D Fichter, Ralph Fritsch, Britta Weddeling, Frank Makowiec, Martin Werner, Silke Lassmann
EGFR-targeted therapy is a key treatment approach in patients with RAS wildtype metastatic colorectal cancers (CRC). Still, also RAS wildtype CRC may be resistant to EGFR-targeted therapy, with few predictive markers available for improved stratification of patients. Here, we investigated response of 7 CRC cell lines (Caco-2, DLD1, HCT116, HT29, LS174T, RKO, SW480) to Cetuximab and correlated this to NGS-based mutation profiles, EGFR promoter methylation and EGFR expression status as well as to E-cadherin expression...
February 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197625/different-effect-of-resveratrol-to-induction-of-apoptosis-depending-on-the-type-of-human-cancer-cells
#5
Michinori Takashina, Sayaka Inoue, Kei Tomihara, Kengo Tomita, Kohshi Hattori, Qing-Li Zhao, Tokiko Suzuki, Makoto Noguchi, Wakana Ohashi, Yuichi Hattori
The effect of resveratrol on various human cancer cells was investigated with special focus on apoptotic cell death, in an attempt to further characterize its mechanism of action. There were great differences in the anti-viability effect of resveratrol between different types of human cancer cells. While the inhibition of cell viability by resveratrol was marked in U937 and MOLT-4 leukemia cells, resveratrol moderately inhibited cell viability in MCF-7 breast, HepG2 liver, and A549 lung cancer cells, and the effect was slight on cell viability in Caco-2, HCT116, and SW480 colon cancer cells...
March 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196836/label-free-dynamic-mass-redistribution-reveals-low-density-pro-survival-%C3%AE-1b-adrenergic-receptors-in-human-sw480-colon-carcinoma-cells
#6
Dorathy-Ann Harris, Ji-Min Park, Kyung Soon-Lee, Cong Xu, Nephi Stella, Chris Hague
Small molecules that target the adrenergic family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) show promising therapeutic efficacy for the treatment of various cancers. Herein, we report that human colon cancer cell line SW480 expresses low-density functional α1B-adrenergic receptors (ARs) as revealed by label-free dynamic mass redistribution (DMR) signaling technology and confirmed by quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis. Remarkably, while endogenous α1B-ARs are not detectable via either [3H]-prazosin binding analysis or phosphoinositol hydrolysis assays, their activation leads to robust DMR and enhanced cell viability...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193514/microrna-301a-promotes-intestinal-inflammation-and-colitis-associated-cancer-development-by-inhibiting-btg1
#7
Chong He, Tianming Yu, Yan Shi, Caiyun Ma, Wenjing Yang, Leilei Fang, Mingming Sun, Wei Wu, Fei Xiao, Feifan Guo, Minhu Chen, Hong Yang, Jiaming Qian, Yingzi Cong, Zhanju Liu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intestinal tissues from patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectal cancer have increased expression of microRNA-301a (MIR301A), compared to tissues from patients without IBD. We studied the mechanisms of MIR301A in progression of IBD in human tissues and mice. METHODS: We isolated intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) from colon biopsy samples of 153 patients with different stages of IBD activity, 6 patients with colitis-associated cancer (CAC), and 35 healthy individuals (controls), enrolled in the study in Shanghai, China...
February 10, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193196/rapid-eradication-of-colon-carcinoma-by-clostridium-perfringens-enterotoxin-suicidal-gene-therapy
#8
Jessica Pahle, Lutz Menzel, Nicole Niesler, Dennis Kobelt, Jutta Aumann, Maria Rivera, Wolfgang Walther
BACKGROUND: Bacterial toxins have evolved to an effective therapeutic option for cancer therapy. The Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin (CPE) is a pore-forming toxin with selective cytotoxicity. The transmembrane tight junction proteins claudin-3 and -4 are known high affinity CPE receptors. Their expression is highly upregulated in human cancers, including breast, ovarian and colon carcinoma. CPE binding to claudins triggers membrane pore complex formation, which leads to rapid cell death...
February 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193016/a-cysteine-specific-fluorescent-switch-for-monitoring-oxidative-stress-and-quantification-of-aminoacylase-1-in-blood-serum
#9
Anila H A, Firoj Ali, Shilpi Kushwaha, Nandaraj Taye, Samit Chattopadhyay, Amitava Das
Reagents that allows detection and monitoring of crucial biomarkers with luminescence ON response have significance in clinical diagnostics. A new coumarin derivative is reported here, which could be used for specific and efficient chemodosimetric detection of cysteine, an important biomarker. The probe is successfully used for studying the biochemical transformation of N-acetylcysteine, a commonly prescribed Cys supplement drug to Cys by aminoacylase-1 (ACY-1), an important and endogenous mammalian enzyme...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184324/comparison-of-anticancer-effects-of-carbamazepine-and-valproic-acid
#10
Ladan Akbarzadeh, Taraneh Moini Zanjani, Masoumeh Sabetkasaei
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) and carbamazepine (CBZ), two widely used antiepileptic drugs, have recently been found to inhibit histone deacetylases (HDAC). HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) have various effects on cancer cells. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the anticancer activity of these drugs on SW480 colon cancer cell lines. METHODS: In the present experimental study, implemented during 2014 - 2015 in Iran, after incubation of cells into 96-well plates with 5,500 cells/well, the tested drugs were added, and cytotoxic effects were assessed by MTT...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181595/comprehensive-proteomic-characterization-of-the-human-colorectal-carcinoma-reveals-signature-proteins-and-perturbed-pathways
#11
Jian-Jiang Hao, Xiaofei Zhi, Yeming Wang, Zheng Zhang, Zeyu Hao, Rong Ye, Zhijie Tang, Fei Qian, Quhui Wang, Jianwei Zhu
The global change in protein abundance in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its contribution to tumorigenesis have not been comprehensively analyzed. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive proteomic analysis of paired tumors and adjacent tissues (AT) using high-resolution Fourier-transform mass spectrometry and a novel algorithm of quantitative pathway analysis. 12380 proteins were identified and 740 proteins that presented a 4-fold change were considered a CRC proteomic signature. A significant pattern of changes in protein abundance was uncovered which consisted of an imbalance in protein abundance of inhibitory and activating regulators in key signal pathways, a significant elevation of proteins in chromatin modification, gene expression and DNA replication and damage repair, and a decreased expression of proteins responsible for core extracellular matrix architectures...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177885/aminopeptidase-a-initiates-tumorigenesis-and-enhances-tumor-cell-stemness-via-twist1-upregulation-in-colorectal-cancer
#12
Hui-Yu Chuang, Jeng-Kae Jiang, Muh-Hwa Yang, Hsei-Wei Wang, Ming-Chun Li, Chan-Yen Tsai, Yau-Yun Jhang, Jason C Huang
Metastasis accounts for the high mortality rate associated with colorectal cancer (CRC), but metastasis regulators are not fully understood. To identify a novel gene involved in tumor metastasis, we used oligonucleotide microarrays, transcriptome distance analyses, and machine learning algorithms to determine links between primary and metastatic colorectal cancers. Aminopeptidase A (APA; also known as ENPEP) was selected as our focus because its relationship with colorectal cancer requires clarification. Higher APA mRNA levels were observed in patients in advanced stages of cancer, suggesting a correlation between ENPEP and degree of malignancy...
February 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161414/dairy-propionibacteria-prevent-the-proliferative-effect-of-plant-lectins-on-sw480%C3%A2-cells-and-protect-the-metabolic-activity-of-the-intestinal-microbiota-in%C3%A2-vitro
#13
Gabriela Zárate, Gabriel D Sáez, Adriana Pérez Chaia
Plant lectins are specific carbohydrate-binding proteins that are widespread in legumes such as beans and pulses, seeds, cereals, and many plants used as farm feeds. They are highly resistant to cooking and digestion, reaching the intestinal lumen and/or blood circulation with biological activity. Since many legume lectins trigger harmful local and systemic reactions after their binding to the mucosal surface, these molecules are generally considered anti-nutritive and/or toxic substances. In the gut, specific cell receptors and bacteria may interact with these dietary components, leading to changes in intestinal physiology...
February 1, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154202/aspirin-induced-chemoprevention-and-response-kinetics-are-enhanced-by-pik3ca-mutations-in-colorectal-cancer-cells
#14
Timothy J Zumwalt, Dominik Wodarz, Natalia L Komarova, Shusuke Toden, Jacob Turner, Jacob Cardenas, John Burn, Andrew T Chan, C Richard Boland, Ajay Goel
PURPOSE: This study was designed to determine how aspirin influences the growth kinetics and characteristics of cultured colorectal cancer (CRC) cells that harbor a variety of different mutational backgrounds, including PIK3CA and KRAS activating mutations and the presence or absence of microsatellite instability. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: CRC cell lines (HCT116, HCT116+Chr3/5, RKO, SW480, HCT15, CACO2, HT29, and SW48) were treated with pharmacologically relevant doses of aspirin (0...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150434/microrna-577-suppresses-tumor-growth-and-enhances-chemosensitivity-in-colorectal-cancer
#15
Haiping Jiang, Hui Ju, Lin Zhang, Haijun Lu, Kan Jie
In this work, we aimed to determine the expression and biological functions of microRNA (miR)-577 in colorectal cancer (CRC). The results showed that miR-577 was downregulated in CRC specimens and cell lines. Restoration of miR-577 significantly suppressed the proliferation and colony formation and induced a G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in CRC cells. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)-resistant SW480 cells (SW480/5-FU) were found to have elevated levels of miR-577. Ectopic expression of miR-577 enhanced 5-FU sensitivity in SW480/5-FU cells...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140583/glycybridins-a-k-bioactive-phenolic-compounds-from-glycyrrhiza-glabra
#16
Kai Li, Shuai Ji, Wei Song, Yi Kuang, Yan Lin, Shunan Tang, Zexu Cui, Xue Qiao, Siwang Yu, Min Ye
In an attempt to discover bioactive agents from the herbal medicine Glycyrrhiza glabra (widely known as licorice), 11 new phenolic compounds, glycybridins A-K (1-11), along with 47 known phenolics (12-58) were isolated. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR and MS analyses as well as experimental and computed ECD data. According to the clinical therapeutic effects of licorice, enzyme or cell-based bioactivity screenings of 1-58 were conducted. A number of compounds significantly activate Nrf2, inhibit tyrosinase or PTP1B, inhibit LPS-induced NO production and NF-κB transcription, and inhibit the proliferation of human cancer cells (HepG2, SW480, A549, MCF7)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130826/diterpenoids-from-wedelia-prostrata-and-their-derivatives-and-cytotoxic-activities
#17
Xinhua Ma, Zhibiao Wang, Lei Zhang, Wei Li, Cuimin Deng, Tianhua Zhong, Guangyu Li, Weiming Zheng, Yonghong Zhang
One new ent-kaurane diterpenoid, 11β,16α-dihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid (1), together with eight known analogues (2-9) were isolated from the aerial parts of Wedelia prostrata. One of the acidic diterpenoids, kaurenoic acid (3), was converted to seven derivatives, 10-16. All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activity in vitro against human leukemia (K562), liver (HepG-2), and stomach (SGC-7901) cancer cell lines. Only four kaurenoic acid derivatives, 13-16, with 15-keto and substitutions at C-19 position, exhibited notable cytotoxic activities on these tumor cell lines with IC50 value ranging from 0...
January 28, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117551/identification-of-ferm-domain-containing-protein-5-frmd5-as-a-novel-target-of-%C3%AE-catenin-tcf7l2-complex
#18
Chi Zhu, Kiyoshi Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki Ohsugi, Yumi Terakado, Rei Noguchi, Tsuneo Ikenoue, Yoichi Furukawa
Deregulation of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway plays an important role in human tumorigenesis through the accumulation of β-catenin and subsequent transactivation of TCF7L2. Although some of the consequences associated with the accumulated β-catenin have been clarified, the comprehensive effect of activated β-catenin/TCF7L2 transcriptional complex on tumorigenesis remains to be elucidated. To understand the precise molecular mechanisms underlying colorectal cancer, we searched for genes regulated by the complex in colorectal tumors...
January 24, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112451/calreticulin-is-a-fine-tuning-molecule-in-epibrassinolide-induced-apoptosis-through-activating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-colon-cancer-cells
#19
Pinar Obakan-Yerlikaya, Elif Damla Arisan, Ajda Coker-Gurkan, Kaan Adacan, Utku Özbey, Berna Somuncu, Didem Baran, Narçin Palavan-Ünsal
Epibrassinolide (EBR), a member of brassinostreoids plant hormones with cell proliferation promoting role in plants, is a natural polyhydroxysteroid with structural similarity to steroid hormones of vertebrates. EBR has antiproliferative and apoptosis-inducing effect in various cancer cells. Although EBR has been shown to affect survival and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathways in a p53-independent manner, the exact molecular targets of EBR are still under investigation. Our recent SILAC (Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino Acids in Cell Culture) data showed that the most significantly altered protein after EBR treatment was calreticulin (CALR)...
January 23, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112202/electronic-state-of-sodium-trans-tetrachloridobis-1h-indazole-ruthenate-iii-nkp-1339-in-tumor-liver-and-kidney-tissue-of-a-sw480-bearing-mouse
#20
Amir Blazevic, Alfred A Hummer, Petra Heffeter, Walter Berger, Martin Filipits, Giannantonio Cibin, Bernhard K Keppler, Annette Rompel
Ruthenium complexes are promising candidates for anticancer agents, especially NKP-1339 (sodium trans-[tetrachloridobis(1H-indazole)ruthenate(III)]), which is on the edge to clinical applications. The anticancer mechanism seems to be tightly linked to the redox chemistry but despite progress in human clinical trials the in vivo Ru oxidation state and the coordination of Ru remains unclear. The Ru-based anticancer drug NKP-1339 was studied applying XANES (Cl K- and Ru L2,3-edges) in tumor, kidney and liver tissue of a SW480 bearing mouse...
January 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
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