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journal of manual therapy

Rachel A Sheridan, Ann M Decker, Alexandra B Plonka, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: Occlusal overload may cause implant biomechanical failures, marginal bone loss, or even complete loss of osseointegration. Thus, it is important for clinicians to understand the role of occlusion in implant long-term stability. This systematic review updates the understanding of occlusion on dental implants, the impact on the surrounding peri-implant tissues, and the effects of occlusal overload on implants. Additionally, recommendations of occlusal scheme for implant prostheses and designs were formulated...
October 4, 2016: Implant Dentistry
Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Jean Joel R Bigna, Arnaud D Kaze, Jean Jacques N Noubiap
INTRODUCTION: With the new 'test and treat' policy of the WHO, it is obvious that the number of HIV-infected patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) will grow exponentially, with consequential increase in the burden of diabetes mellitus (DM). Our aim is to summarise existing data on the incidence of pre-diabetes and DM, and associated risk factors among HIV-infected adults. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review will include cohort studies reporting the incidence of pre-diabetes and/or DM, and associated risk factors among HIV-infected adults on ART, with these patients being free of any impaired glucose metabolism at study baseline...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
Francesco Cerritelli, Marco Verzella, Luca Cicchitti, Giandomenico D'Alessandro, Nicola Vanacore
BACKGROUND: Placebo, defined as "false treatment," is a common gold-standard method to assess the validity of a therapy both in pharmacological trials and manual medicine research where placebo is also referred to as "sham therapy." In the medical literature, guidelines have been proposed on how to conduct robust placebo-controlled trials, but mainly in a drug-based scenario. In contrast, there are not precise guidelines on how to conduct a placebo-controlled in manual medicine trials (particularly osteopathy)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Karl J Madaras-Kelly, Muriel Burk, Christina Caplinger, Jefferson G Bohan, Melinda M Neuhauser, Matthew Bidwell Goetz, Rongping Zhang, Francesca E Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: Practice guidelines recommend the shortest duration of antimicrobial therapy appropriate to treat uncomplicated pneumonia be prescribed to reduce the emergence of resistant pathogens. A national evaluation was conducted to assess the duration of therapy for pneumonia. DESIGN: Retrospective medication utilization evaluation. SETTING: Thirty Veterans Affairs medical centers. PATIENTS: Inpatients discharged with a diagnosis of pneumonia...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Zhi-Jun Li, Yao Wang, Hua-Feng Zhang, Xin-Long Ma, Peng Tian, Yuting Huang
BACKGROUND: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been applied in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) for an extended period of time without definitive consensus on its effectiveness. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of low-level laser in the treatment of mild to moderate CTS using a Cochrane systematic review. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches of PubMed (1966-2015.10), Medline (1966-2015.10), Embase (1980-2015.10), and ScienceDirect (1985-2015...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ezzat A Ismail, Ahmed I El-Sakka
OBJECTIVE: To review contemporary knowledge concerning the innovative trends and perspectives in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: Medline was reviewed for English-language journal articles between January 2000 and March 2016, using the terms 'erectile dysfunction treatments', 'new trends' and 'perspectives'. In all, 114 original articles and 16 review articles were found to be relevant. Of the 76 cited papers that met the inclusion criteria, 51 papers had level of evidence of 1a-2b, whilst 25 had level of evidence of 3-4...
June 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
Chris Metcalfe, Kerry Avery, Richard Berrisford, Paul Barham, Sian M Noble, Aida Moure Fernandez, George Hanna, Robert Goldin, Jackie Elliott, Timothy Wheatley, Grant Sanders, Andrew Hollowood, Stephen Falk, Dan Titcomb, Christopher Streets, Jenny L Donovan, Jane M Blazeby
BACKGROUND: Localised oesophageal cancer can be curatively treated with surgery (oesophagectomy) but the procedure is complex with a risk of complications, negative effects on quality of life and a recovery period of 6-9 months. Minimal-access surgery may accelerate recovery. OBJECTIVES: The ROMIO (Randomised Oesophagectomy: Minimally Invasive or Open) study aimed to establish the feasibility of, and methodology for, a definitive trial comparing minimally invasive and open surgery for oesophagectomy...
June 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Osama Mohammad Al-Quteimat, Amer Mostafa Amer
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacy is a very dynamic profession and the role of the pharmacist is improving with the expansion of the scope of services and the introduction of new subspecialties over time. Moving from being medication dispensers to outcome-oriented and patient-focused care providers; pharmacists will carry more responsibility and commitment to improve their knowledge and practice. Being updated and evidence-based is a key tool to achieve effective pharmaceutical care services. The primary purpose of this article is to highlight the concept of "evidence based pharmaceutical care" as professional practice to improve the quality of pharmaceutical care...
July 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Hongli Jiang, Wei Liu, Guanhong Li, Tao Fan, Bing Mao
Context • Upper airway cough syndrome (UACS), previously called postnasal drip syndrome (PNDS), has been considered universally to be one of the most common causes of chronic cough. As an important part of complementary and alternative therapy, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has found an exact curative therapy for chronic cough through clinical practice for thousands of years. Objective • The aim of the current review was to investigate systematically the beneficial and adverse effects of Chinese medicinal herbs (CMH) in the treatment of UACS...
March 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Ehsan Aminizadeh, Seyed Moayyed Alavian, Ali Akbari Sari, Nasser Ebrahimi Daryani, Bita Behnava
CONTEXT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major cause of liver-morbidity and mortality among patients with thalassemia. Peginterferon plus ribavirin is currently the recommended therapy for hepatitis C infection in patients do not have thalassemia, but using ribavirin in patients with thalassemia is restricted due to its hemolytic effect. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of adding ribavirin to peginterferon or interferon, authors performed a systematic review on the available literatures...
March 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
Amir Tabatabaee, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Maryam Rassouli, Seyed Amir Aledavood, Hamid AlaviMajd, Seyed Kazem Farahmand
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) techniques has been growing. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine places therapeutic touch (TT) into the category of bio field energy. This literature review is aimed at critically evaluating the data from clinical trials examining the clinical efficacy of therapeutic touch as a supportive care modality in adult patients with cancer. METHODS: Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Scholar Google, and Science Direct) were searched from the year 1990 to 2015 to locate potentially relevant peer-reviewed articles using the key words therapeutic touch, touch therapy, neoplasm, cancer, and CAM...
April 2016: Medical Archives
Chang-Gon Kim, Su-Jeong Mun, Ka-Na Kim, Byung-Cheul Shin, Nam-Kwen Kim, Dong-Hyo Lee, Jung-Han Lee
INTRODUCTION: Manual therapy is the non-surgical conservative management of musculoskeletal disorders using the practitioner's hands on the patient's body for diagnosing and treating disease. The aim of this study is to systematically review trial-based economic evaluations of manual therapy relative to other interventions used for the management of musculoskeletal diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) on the economic evaluation of manual therapy for musculoskeletal diseases will be included in the review...
2016: BMJ Open
Nicky Hewitt, Tracey Bucknall, Nardene M Faraone
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients require regular body position changes to minimize the adverse effects of bed rest, inactivity and immobilization. However, uncertainty surrounds the effectiveness of lateral positioning for improving pulmonary gas exchange, aiding drainage of tracheobronchial secretions and preventing morbidity. In addition, it is unclear whether the perceived risk levied by respiratory and haemodynamic instability upon turning critically ill patients outweighs the respiratory benefits of side-to-side rotation...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Willem Kuyken, Fiona C Warren, Rod S Taylor, Ben Whalley, Catherine Crane, Guido Bondolfi, Rachel Hayes, Marloes Huijbers, Helen Ma, Susanne Schweizer, Zindel Segal, Anne Speckens, John D Teasdale, Kees Van Heeringen, Mark Williams, Sarah Byford, Richard Byng, Tim Dalgleish
IMPORTANCE: Relapse prevention in recurrent depression is a significant public health problem, and antidepressants are the current first-line treatment approach. Identifying an equally efficacious nonpharmacological intervention would be an important development. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis on individual patient data to examine the efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) compared with usual care and other active treatments, including antidepressants, in treating those with recurrent depression...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Sarah A Kane, James R Blake, Frank J McArdle, Philip Langley, Andrew J Sims
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects around 2% of the population and early detection is beneficial, allowing patients to begin potentially life-saving anticoagulant therapies. Blood pressure (BP) monitors may offer an opportunity to screen for AF. AIM: To identify and appraise studies which report the diagnostic accuracy of automated BP monitors used for opportunistic AF detection. METHODS: A systematic search was performed of the MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process and EMBASE literature databases...
2016: Open Heart
Abdolreza Jamilian, Rosangela Cannavale, Maria Grazia Piancino, Sara Eslami, Letizia Perillo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this overview of systematic reviews was to investigate methodological quality and outcome of current systematic reviews (SRs) reporting on orthopaedic treatment for class III malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computerized and manual searches were performed in Medline, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, Embase, LILACS, SciELO, American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Angle Orthodontist, European Journal of Orthodontics, Journal of Orthodontics, Conference abstracts and Grey literature...
June 2016: Journal of Orthodontics
Francesca Assogna, Luca Cravello, Maria Donata Orfei, Nystya Cellupica, Carlo Caltagirone, Gianfranco Spalletta
INTRODUCTION: In this systematic review, we aimed to evaluate the role of alexithymia in Parkinson's disease (PD) and its relationship to neurological, neuropsychiatric, cognitive, and neuroimaging correlates. METHODS: The database was selected using PubMed Services, Cochrane, PsycNET and Scopus and a number of key words. Further studies were sought by manually searching for secondary sources, including relevant journals and references in primary articles. The search was restricted to articles written in English between January 1980 and August 2015...
July 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
J M Ravalier, P Wegrzynek, S Lawton
BACKGROUND: A variety of workplace-based interventions exist to reduce stress and increase productivity. However, the efficacy of these interventions is sometimes unclear. AIMS: To determine whether complementary therapies offered in the workplace improve employee well-being. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review which involved an electronic search of articles published between January 2000 and July 2015 from the databases Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, AMED, CINAHL Plus, EMBASE and PubMed...
August 2016: Occupational Medicine
Sara Kerstine Kaya Nielsen, Signe Vangkilde, Kate B Wolitzky-Taylor, Sarah Ingrid Franksdatter Daniel, Ida Hageman
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is effective for treating anxiety disorders and is offered in most mental health services around the world. However, a relatively large number of patients with anxiety disorders do not benefit from CBT, experience relapses or drop out. Reliable predictors of treatment effects are lacking. The aim of this study is to investigate the predictive value of emotion regulation and attentional control for CBT outcome in a routine setting. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this prospective and practice-based study, 112 patients with anxiety disorders referred for manual-based group CBT at two psychiatric outpatient clinics will be recruited...
2016: BMJ Open
Bruce F Walker
The editor of Chiropractic & Manual Therapies would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 23 (2015).
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
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