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journal of manual therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729900/unravelling-functional-neurology-a-scoping-review-of-theories-and-clinical-applications-in-a-context-of-chiropractic-manual-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Anne-Laure Meyer, Amanda Meyer, Sarah Etherington, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Functional Neurology (FN), a seemingly attractive treatment approach used by some chiropractors, proposes to have an effect on a multitude of conditions but some of its concepts are controversial. OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: A scoping review was performed to describe, in the context of chiropractic manual therapy, 1) the FN theories, and 2) its clinical applications (i.e. its indications, examination procedures, treatment modalities, treatment plans, and clinical outcomes) using four sources: i) one key textbook, ii) the scientific peer-reviewed literature, iii) websites from chiropractors using FN, and iv) semi-structured interviews of chiropractors using FN...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687973/effect-of-exercise-therapy-on-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Abolhassan Afkar, Asieh Ashouri, Marjan Rahmani, Abdolhosein Emami Sigaroudi
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic and progressive disease charachterized by disabilities which adversely affect individuals' quality of life (QOL). In the present study, the effect size of exercise therapy on patients' QOL in both physical and mental dimensions were investigated and the moderator effect of a number of selected theoretical and significant practical variables were assessed. Relevant studies, published before July 2015, were identified by searching PubMed, Scopus, Google scholar, and Persian medical databases including IranMedex, Irandoc, Magiran, Scientific Information Database (SID), and Medlib...
July 7, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681717/clinical-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-low-intensity-interventions-in-the-management-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-the-obsessive-compulsive-treatment-efficacy-randomised-controlled-trial-octet
#3
Karina Lovell, Peter Bower, Judith Gellatly, Sarah Byford, Penny Bee, Dean McMillan, Catherine Arundel, Simon Gilbody, Lina Gega, Gillian Hardy, Shirley Reynolds, Michael Barkham, Patricia Mottram, Nicola Lidbetter, Rebecca Pedley, Jo Molle, Emily Peckham, Jasmin Knopp-Hoffer, Owen Price, Janice Connell, Margaret Heslin, Christopher Foley, Faye Plummer, Christopher Roberts
BACKGROUND: The Obsessive-Compulsive Treatment Efficacy randomised controlled Trial emerged from a research recommendation in National Institute for Health and Care Excellence obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) guidelines, which specified the need to evaluate cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) treatment intensity formats. OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of two low-intensity CBT interventions [supported computerised cognitive-behavioural therapy (cCBT) and guided self-help]: (1) compared with waiting list for high-intensity CBT in adults with OCD at 3 months; and (2) plus high-intensity CBT compared with waiting list plus high-intensity CBT in adults with OCD at 12 months...
June 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667201/study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-processing-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-japanese-patients-the-safety-power-intimacy-esteem-trust-spinet-study
#4
Masaya Ito, Masaru Horikoshi, Patricia A Resick, Akiko Katayanagi, Mitsuhiro Miyamae, Yuriko Takagishi, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Ayako Kanie, Naotsugu Hirabayashi, Toshiaki A Furukawa
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive processing therapy (CPT) is widely regarded as a safe and effective first-line treatment for individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, no comparative studies have been conducted to examine the treatment outcomes in an Asian population. The aim of the present trial is to investigate the efficacy of CPT (individual format) as a treatment for PTSD in a population of Japanese patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A 16-week, single-centre, assessor-masked, randomised, parallel-group superiority trial has been designed to compare the efficacy of CPT in conjunction with treatment as usual (mostly pharmacotherapy and clinical monitoring) versus treatment as usual alone...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553702/music-therapy-for-people-with-schizophrenia-and-schizophrenia-like-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Monika Geretsegger, Karin A Mössler, Łucja Bieleninik, Xi-Jing Chen, Tor Olav Heldal, Christian Gold
BACKGROUND: Music therapy is a therapeutic approach that uses musical interaction as a means of communication and expression. Within the area of serious mental disorders, the aim of the therapy is to help people improve their emotional and relational competencies, and address issues they may not be able to using words alone. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects of music therapy, or music therapy added to standard care, compared with placebo therapy, standard care or no treatment for people with serious mental disorders such as schizophrenia...
May 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531913/methods-of-isolation-and-characterization-of-stem-cells-from-different-regions-of-oral-cavity-using-markers-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Kavarthapu Avinash, Sankari Malaippan, Jayakumar Nadathur Dooraiswamy
Background: Periodontitis is a destructive inflammatory disorder of the periodontium caused by the destruction of periodontal tissues namely the PDL, cementum, alveolar bone, and gingiva. Once these tissues are lost, the foremost goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate the diseased tissues if possible to their original form, architecture, and function. Various regenerative procedures were employed and still a gap was found in achieving the goal. As stem cells are characterized by their ability to self-renew and differentiate to produce specialized cells, there could be a possibility of using them for regenerative therapy...
May 30, 2017: International Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394249/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-versus-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depression-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective psychological treatments for unipolar major depression in adolescents, whether or not one or more of the available therapies maintain reduced depressive symptoms 1 year after the end of treatment is not known. This is a non-trivial issue because maintaining lowered depressive symptoms below a clinical threshold level reduces the risk for diagnostic relapse into the adult years. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not either of two specialist psychological treatments, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) or short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP), is more effective than a reference brief psychosocial intervention (BPI) in maintaining reduction of depression symptoms in the year after treatment...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338023/implant-maintenance-treatment-and-peri-implant-health
#8
COMMENT
Mark-Steven Howe
Data sourcesMedline (PubMed), Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases and a manual search of the Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Journal of Periodontology and the International Journal of Periodontics and Restorative Dentistry from January 2014 to February 2015.Study selectionProspective, retrospective, randomised or not, case-controlled or case series trials showing the incidence or recurrence of peri-implant disease plus or minus PIMT over more than six months...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281354/integrated-opioid-substitution-therapy-and-hiv-care-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-client-and-provider-experiences
#9
Andy Guise, Maureen Seguin, Gitau Mburu, Susie McLean, Pippa Grenfell, Zahed Islam, Sergii Filippovych, Happy Assan, Andrea Low, Peter Vickerman, Tim Rhodes
People who use drugs in many contexts have limited access to opioid substitution therapy and HIV care. Service integration is one strategy identified to support increased access. We reviewed and synthesized literature exploring client and provider experiences of integrated opioid substitution therapy and HIV care to identify acceptable approaches to care delivery. We systematically reviewed qualitative literature. We searched nine bibliographic databases, supplemented by manual searches of reference lists of articles from the database search, relevant journals, conferences, key organizations and consultation with experts...
September 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070268/a-systematic-review-of-thrust-manipulation-for-non-surgical-shoulder-conditions
#10
REVIEW
Amy L Minkalis, Robert D Vining, Cynthia R Long, Cheryl Hawk, Katie de Luca
PURPOSE: Although many conservative management options are available for patients with non-surgical shoulder conditions, there is little evidence of their effectiveness. This review investigated one manual therapy approach, thrust manipulation, as a treatment option. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of the electronic databases from inception to March 2016: PubMed, PEDro, ICL, CINAHL, and AMED. Two independent reviewers conducted the screening process to determine article eligibility...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update-earwax-cerumen-impaction
#11
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986999/-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-dementia-in-geriatric-psychiatry-care-units-scoping-review
#12
Anne Göhner, Michael Hüll, Sebastian Voigt-Radloff
BACKGROUND: The number of persons suffering from dementia will continuously increase in the coming years; therefore, evidence-based interventions are needed in geriatric psychiatric care. When evidence is poor scoping reviews may help to identify knowledge gaps and needs for research. AIM OF THE ARTICLE: To present an overview of clinical trials on non-pharmacological treatment for elderly with dementia in hospitals, wards and nursing homes, specializing in gerontopsychiatric care...
December 16, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980329/preventative-therapies-and-periodontal-interventions-for-down-syndrome-patients
#13
David Jones, Joanna Morrison
Data sourcesMedline, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL and OpenGREY databases without language restriction until March 2016 plus manual searching of four specific journals and consideration of reference lists.Study selectionStudies evaluating different methods of periodontal treatment in Down syndrome patients measuring at least two periodontal parameters at different periods of assessment. Titles, abstracts and full texts were considered by two independent reviewers and a third where discussion did not reach consensus...
December 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956817/a-systematic-review-of-orthopaedic-manual-therapy-randomized-clinical-trials-quality
#14
Sean P Riley, Brian Swanson, Jean-Michel Brismée, Steven F Sawyer
Study Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Objectives: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in the orthopaedic manual therapy (OMT) literature from January 2010 to June 2014 in order to determine if the CONSORT checklist and Cochrane Risk of Bias (RoB) assessment tools: (1) are reliable; (2) have improved the reporting and decreased the risk of bias in RCTs in the OMT literature; (3) differ based on journal impact factor (JIF); and (4) scores are associated with each other...
December 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893512/flap-designs-for-flap-advancement-during-implant-therapy-a-systematic-review
#15
Alexandra B Plonka, Rachel A Sheridan, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures allow ridge augmentation before or at time of implant placement. GBR outcomes rely on primary passive tension-free wound closure, which may be achieved by a variety of flap designs and surgical procedures. A comprehensive literature review of flap design and management is provided, including material types, incision design, reflection, releasing, and suturing techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two reviewers completed a literature search using the PubMed database and a manual search of relevant journals...
February 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814870/a-critical-overview-of-the-current-myofascial-pain-literature-september-2016
#16
Jan Dommerholt, Michelle Finnegan, Todd Hooks, Rob Grieve
This edition of the overview of the current myofascial pain literature includes 24 studies, case reports and systematic and narrative reviews. Surprisingly, five of the 24 papers were difficult to read and interpret mostly because of a poor mastery of the English language. It is somewhat surprising that journal editors and reviewers would accept papers that are needlessly difficult to read and not direct the authors to language services or others who could improve the quality of the writings. Of course, it is exciting that researchers and clinicians from all over the world continue to focus on myofascial pain and attempt to shed new light on the complexity of the problem to improve the clinical decision-making process and eventually clinical approaches and outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806184/antifibrinolytic-therapy-to-reduce-haemoptysis-from-any-cause
#17
REVIEW
Gabriela Prutsky, Juan Pablo Domecq, Carlos A Salazar, Roberto Accinelli
BACKGROUND: Haemoptysis is a common pathology around the world, occurring with more frequency in low-income countries. It has different etiologies, many of which have infectious characteristics. Antifibrinolytic agents are commonly used to manage bleeding from different sources, but their usefulness in pulmonology is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of antifibrinolytic agents in reducing the volume and duration of haemoptysis in adult and paediatric patients...
November 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749518/the-role-of-occlusion-in-implant-therapy-a-comprehensive-updated-review
#18
REVIEW
Rachel A Sheridan, Ann M Decker, Alexandra B Plonka, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: Occlusal overload may cause implant biomechanical failures, marginal bone loss, or even complete loss of osseointegration. Thus, it is important for clinicians to understand the role of occlusion in implant long-term stability. This systematic review updates the understanding of occlusion on dental implants, the impact on the surrounding peri-implant tissues, and the effects of occlusal overload on implants. Additionally, recommendations of occlusal scheme for implant prostheses and designs were formulated...
December 2016: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633645/rates-and-drivers-of-progression-to-pre-diabetes-and-diabetes-mellitus-among-hiv-infected-adults-on-antiretroviral-therapy-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#19
Jobert Richie N Nansseu, Jean Joel R Bigna, Arnaud D Kaze, Jean Jacques N Noubiap
INTRODUCTION: With the new 'test and treat' policy of the WHO, it is obvious that the number of HIV-infected patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) will grow exponentially, with consequential increase in the burden of diabetes mellitus (DM). Our aim is to summarise existing data on the incidence of pre-diabetes and DM, and associated risk factors among HIV-infected adults. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This systematic review will include cohort studies reporting the incidence of pre-diabetes and/or DM, and associated risk factors among HIV-infected adults on ART, with these patients being free of any impaired glucose metabolism at study baseline...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583913/the-paradox-of-sham-therapy-and-placebo-effect-in-osteopathy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Francesco Cerritelli, Marco Verzella, Luca Cicchitti, Giandomenico D'Alessandro, Nicola Vanacore
BACKGROUND: Placebo, defined as "false treatment," is a common gold-standard method to assess the validity of a therapy both in pharmacological trials and manual medicine research where placebo is also referred to as "sham therapy." In the medical literature, guidelines have been proposed on how to conduct robust placebo-controlled trials, but mainly in a drug-based scenario. In contrast, there are not precise guidelines on how to conduct a placebo-controlled in manual medicine trials (particularly osteopathy)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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