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Cervical myelopathy

Christina Huang Wright, Dorian Kusyk, William S Rosenberg, Jennifer A Sweet
Lymphangiomatosis is a rare congenital disorder that results in multiorgan system lymphatic invasion. Symptoms due to axial skeletal involvement can range from chronic bone pain to severe deformity resulting in radiculopathy, myelopathy, and even paralysis. The authors present a case of lymphangiomatosis of the clivus, C-1, and C-2, resulting in chronic pain. The patient was successfully treated with percutaneous transoral clivoplasty and vertebroplasty, without disease progression or return of symptoms at 2 years...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Kingsley O Abode-Iyamah, Stephanus V Viljoen, Colleen L McHenry, Michael A Petrie, Kirsten E Stoner, Nader S Dahdaleh, Nicole M Grosland, Matthew A Howard, Richard K Shields
BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common disease of aging that leads to gait instability resulting from loss of leg sensory and motor functions. The results of surgical intervention have been studied using a variety of methods, but no test has been reported that objectively measures integrative leg motor sensory functions in CSM patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of using a novel single leg squat (SLS) test to measure integrative motor sensory functions in patients with CSM before and after surgery...
November 2016: Neurosurgery
Chang-Hyun Lee, Moon Jun Sohn, Chae Heuck Lee, Chan Young Choi, Seong Rok Han, Byung-Wan Choi
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies for the treatment of cervical myelopathy with OPLL treated with laminoplasty or fusion. OBJECTIVE: To delineate whether OPLL continues to progress after laminoplasty compared with fusion and to clarify the relationship between radiological progression of OPLL and neurological decline. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Laminoplasty is usually performed in patients with multilevel ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) due to the surgical morbidity of anterior surgery...
October 17, 2016: Spine
Asuka Desroches, Yuichiro Morishita, Itaru Yugue, Takeshi Maeda, Charles-Henri Flouzat-Lachaniette, Philippe Hernigou, Keiichiro Shiba
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective evaluation of sagittal angular motion from cervical spinal flexion to extension. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the kinematic effects of cervical laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) on the occipitoatlantoaxial junction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The kinematic effects of cervical laminoplasty for CSM on the occipitoatlantoaxial junction remain controversial. METHODS: A total of 65 CSM patients who were treated with cervical laminoplasty ranging from the C3 to C7 vertebrae were included in the study...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Yanbin Liu, Le Liu, Zhi Zhang, Bin Sheng, Xuegang Lun, Zhong Cao, Jianmin Sun, Guangming Xu
BACKGROUND Postoperative axial symptoms (post-AS) after single-door cervical laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) are a common and severe complication that adversely affects normal daily activities. Their etiology remains unclear. It is important to know which preoperative factors are the most predictive of post-AS. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate the preoperative factors affecting post-AS. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 102 patients with CSM who underwent single-door cervical laminoplasty between 2009 and 2015 were studied...
October 16, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Marin Stančić, Ivana Stančić, Petra Barl, Ivan Pašalić
OBJECTIVE: Scarcity of implants during the economic crisis has partially replaced cervical spondylotic myelopathy decompression and instrumented fusion with implant-less expansile cervical laminopalsty. The aim of the study was comparison of the results obtained with instrumented anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) with implant-less expansile cervical laminoplasty (ECL). METHODS: Patients suffering from cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) Nurick 3-5, with preoperative tethering and postoperative untethering were included...
October 7, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Benjamin De Leener, Simon Lévy, Sara M Dupont, Vladimir S Fonov, Nikola Stikov, D Louis Collins, Virginie Callot, Julien Cohen-Adad
For the past 25 years, the field of neuroimaging has witnessed the development of several software packages for processing multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) to study the brain. These software packages are now routinely used by researchers and clinicians, and have contributed to important breakthroughs for the understanding of brain anatomy and function. However, no software package exists to process mpMRI data of the spinal cord. Despite the numerous clinical needs for such advanced mpMRI protocols (multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, cervical spondylotic myelopathy, etc...
October 5, 2016: NeuroImage
Wei Lin, Yuan Xue, Ying Zhao, Yaqi Zong, Chao Sun, Bo Pei, Pei Wang
PURPOSE: The generation and tissue origination of disc-associated axial pain is still under exploration. This study was performed to evaluate disc-associated axial pain and to explore whether it originates in the disc or its surrounding components. METHODS: A 6-year series of 88 single-level Smith-Robinson disc and posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) resections performed to treat single-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy was retrospectively examined. All single-level anterior disc decompressions were performed under local infiltration anesthesia; the PLL was not anesthetized to avoid cervical cord block...
October 6, 2016: European Spine Journal
Manish K Kasliwal, Christopher D Witiw, Vincent C Traynelis
OBJECTIVES: A common question posed by patients undergoing cervical fusion pertains to the likelihood of perceiving a postoperative limitation in neck mobility. The aim of this study was to assess the change in neck mobility after subaxial cervical fusion using an objective range of motion (ROM) measure and patient reported assessment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients older than 18 years of age, undergoing first-time anterior or posterior subaxial cervical arthrodesis for a symptomatic spondylotic process (radiculopathy, cervical spondylotic myelopathy or primary neck pain) at a single center were eligible...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Valerio Vitale, Ferdinando Caranci, Chiara Pisciotta, Fiore Manganelli, Francesco Briganti, Lucio Santoro, Arturo Brunetti
BACKGROUND: Hirayama's disease (HD), is a benign, self-limited, motor neuron disease, characterized by asymmetric weakness and atrophy of one or both distal upper extremities. In the present study we report the clinical, electrophysiological and MRI features of a group of Italian patients, with review of the literature. Moreover we propose an optimized MRI protocol for patients with suspected or diagnosed HD in order to make an early diagnosis and a standardized follow up. METHODS: Eight patients with clinical suspicion of Hirayama disease underwent evaluation between January 2007 and November 2013...
August 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Anant Mehrotra, Arun Srivastava, Rabi N Sahu, Raj Kumar
BACKGROUND: Various pathologies affect the spine, but these lesions present with more or less similar clinical profile. The present functional scoring systems are inadequate and insensitive to changes in neurological status of the patient. OBJECTIVE: Our study aims to assess the modified Kumar and Kalra (K and K) scoring system in patients with pathologies in the sub-axial spine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 78 consecutive patients from the period of January 2009 to June 2010 were prospectively included in the study...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Izabela Aleksanderek, Stuart M K McGregor, Todd K Stevens, Sandy Goncalves, Robert Bartha, Neil Duggal
Purpose To characterize longitudinal metabolite alterations in the motor cortex of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) by using proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy and to evaluate white matter integrity with diffusion-tensor imaging in patients who are recovering neurologic function after decompression surgery. Materials and Methods Informed written consent was obtained for all procedures and the study was approved by Western University's Health Sciences Research Ethics Board. Twenty-eight patients with CSM and 10 healthy control subjects were prospectively recruited and underwent two separate 3-T MR imaging examinations 6 months apart...
September 30, 2016: Radiology
Jessica Matande
Cervical myelopathy is the most common spinal cord disorder in patients age 55 years and older in the United States. A high index of suspicion is critical for detecting early signs and symptoms and initiating early intervention, which directly correlates with better patient outcomes.
October 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Hua Zhou, Zhong-Jun Liu, Shao-Bo Wang, Sheng-Fa Pan, Ming Yan, Feng-Shan Zhang, Yu Sun
Although several studies report various treatment solutions for cervical spondylotic myelopathy in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy, long-term follow-up studies are very rare. None of the reported treatment solutions represent a gold standard for this disease owing to the small number of cases and lack of long-term follow-up. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of laminoplasty with lateral mass screw fixation to treat cervical spondylotic myelopathy in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy from a single center...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tae Hyun Kim, Yoon Ha, Jun Jae Shin, Yong Eun Cho, Ji Hae Lee, Woo Ho Cho
Patients with intramedullary signal intensity (SI) changes have a poor prognosis after surgical decompression in cervical compressive myelopathy (CCM); however, some patients show no clear relationship between the SI and postsurgical prognosis. This discrepancy may be because no comprehensive and proper quantitative evaluation exists to assess SI on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was prospectively to evaluate the correlation between the clinical features, neurological outcome of patients with CCM, and the quantitative assessment of SI changes preoperatively and postoperatively, and the correlation with SI severity...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Sheikh Asad, Idrees Sher, Jens Peters-Willke, Peter Jessup
Neurotropic melanoma (NM) is a rare variant of cutaneous melanomas. Compared with conventional melanoma, NM is more locally aggressive with an increased tendency for local recurrence but less likely for nodal or distant metastases. The often amelanotic, benign appearance may lead to treatment issues such as late presentation, diagnostic delay, misdiagnosis, insufficient surgical margins, and recurrence with resulting poor outcome. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of NM with contiguous spread to the spinal cord...
March 2016: J Spine Surg
Chengjie Xiong, Michael D Daubs, Trevor P Scott, Kevin H Phan, Akinobu Suzuki, Monchai Ruangchainikom, Allison K Roe, Bayan Aghdasi, Yanlin Tan, Jeffrey C Wang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the movement of the spinal cord and its relationship to the spinal canal in patients with mild spondylosis using kinetic magnetic resonance imaging (kMRI). METHODS: Weight-bearing, multiposition kMRI was performed on symptomatic patients through a full range of flexion-extension. A total of 52 study patients were selected based on the C2-C7 Cobb angle of sagittal alignment: lordotic (from 30 to 45 degrees). We evaluated dynamic changes in different parameters from flexion-extension: spinal canal diameter (CD), spinal cord diameter (SCD), space available for the cord, anterior space available for the cord (ASAC), posterior space available for the cord (PSAC), average distance between the anterior canal and the cord (d-value), and global angle for the spinal canal and cord...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Xiaoxiao Zhou, Pan Cai, Yuwei Li, Haijiao Wang, Shengli Xia, Xiuhui Wang
STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, retrospective, longitudinal matched cohort clinical study of prospectively collected outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare retrospectively the clinical outcomes and complications of the posterior approach laminoplasty and single-stage anterior approach laminoplasty combined with anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for treating patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy coincident multilevel anterior and posterior compression, known as complex cervical spondylotic myelopathy (cCSM) here...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Keewon Kim, Young-Ah Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Carmen M Cirstea, Joseph E Burris, Bogdan-Andrei D Ianosi, Ashish Nanda, Niranjan Singh, Huiling Peng, Sorin C Craciunas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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