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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758689/mechanisms-of-anorexia-cancer-cachexia-syndrome-and-potential-benefits-of-traditional-medicine-and-natural-herbs
#1
Cong Ming-Hua, Zou Bao-Hua, Yu Lei
Anorexia cancer cachexia syndrome is prevalent in advanced cancer patients, which is featured by anorexia, decreased dietary intake, body weight loss (skeletal muscle mass loss), and unable to be reversed by routine nutritional support therapy. Up to now, the main mechanisms involved in cancer cachexia include excessive systemic inflammation, which is represented by increased plasma levels of IL-1, IL-6, TNF-alpha, tumor-induced factors, such as PIF and LMF. These factors eventually act on orexigenic and anorexigenic neurons located in hypothalamus or protein and lipid metabolism of peripheral tissues, which lead to anorexia, decreased dietary intake, enhanced basic metabolism rate and hyper catabolism...
October 18, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663925/acupuncture-as-a-complementary-method-of-traditional-psoriasis-treatment-myth-or-reality
#2
Darija Mahović, Fanika Mrsić
Dear Editor, the practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine described psoriasis some 2000 years ago (1). Psoriasis vulgaris is a common, chronic inflammatory skin disease whose worldwide prevalence ranges from 0.1-3% (2,3). Understanding the role of the immune system in psoriasis and the interplay between the innate and adaptive immune system has helped to manage this complex disease, which affects patients far beyond the skin changes themselves (2). In addition to the usual and widely accepted methods of treatment of psoriasis, including topical therapies, phototherapy, and conventional and biological systemic therapies, data can be found in the literature that suggest a favorable effect of acupuncture on the course of psoriasis (4,5)...
August 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624970/fecal-metabolome-of-the-hadza-hunter-gatherers-a-host-microbiome-integrative-view
#3
Silvia Turroni, Jessica Fiori, Simone Rampelli, Stephanie L Schnorr, Clarissa Consolandi, Monica Barone, Elena Biagi, Flaminia Fanelli, Marco Mezzullo, Alyssa N Crittenden, Amanda G Henry, Patrizia Brigidi, Marco Candela
The recent characterization of the gut microbiome of traditional rural and foraging societies allowed us to appreciate the essential co-adaptive role of the microbiome in complementing our physiology, opening up significant questions on how the microbiota changes that have occurred in industrialized urban populations may have altered the microbiota-host co-metabolic network, contributing to the growing list of Western diseases. Here, we applied a targeted metabolomics approach to profile the fecal metabolome of the Hadza of Tanzania, one of the world's few remaining foraging populations, and compared them to the profiles of urban living Italians, as representative of people in the post-industrialized West...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610179/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-children-with-common-neurologic-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Gyu-Min Yeon, Sang Ook Nam
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a phrase used to describe additional health care methods such as mind/body practices and natural products not regarded as treatments by conventional medicine. The use of CAM in children with common neurologic diseases is more frequent than its use in healthy children (24%-78% vs. 12%). However, less than half of patients report such use to their physicians. The preferred modalities of CAM vary in different countries due to their different cultures and traditions...
August 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580857/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-s-occupational-closure-in-portuguese-healthcare-contradictions-and-challenges
#5
Joana Almeida
This article analyses strategies of closure recently enacted by complementary and alternative medicine practitioners in order to achieve occupational control over work domains in healthcare, taking Portugal as an example. A combination of the neo-Weberian occupational closure theory of the professions and Abbott's jurisdictional vacancy theory is proposed as the framework for analysis. Acupuncture and homeopathy will be presented as case studies. Data are derived from in-depth interviews with 10 traditional acupuncturists and 10 traditional homeopaths...
September 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515029/therapies-for-parkinson-s-diseases-alternatives-to-current-pharmacological-interventions
#6
Song Li, Jie Dong, Cheng Cheng, Weidong Le
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder caused by the selective and progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Although PD has been heavily researched, the precise etiology and pathogenesis for PD are still inconclusive. Consequently, current pharmacological treatments for PD are largely symptomatic rather than preventive and there is still no cure for this disease nowadays. Moreover, nonmotor symptoms caused by intrinsic PD pathology or side effects induced by currently used pharmacological interventions are gaining increasing attention and urgently need to be treated due to their influence on quality of life...
November 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27452083/proteomics-of-hot-wet-and-cold-dry-temperaments-proposed-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-a-network-based-study
#7
Hassan Rezadoost, Mehrdad Karimi, Mohieddin Jafari
Lack of molecular biology evidence has led clinical success of alternative and complementary medicine (CAM) to be marginalized. In turn, a large portion of life Science researchers could not communicate and help to develop therapeutic potential laid in these therapeutic approaches. In this study, we began to quantify descriptive classification theory in one of the CAM branches i.e. Iranian traditional medicine (ITM). Using proteomic tools and network analysis, the expressed proteins and their relationships were studied in mitochondrial lysate isolated from PBMCs from two different temperaments i...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436344/specialization-of-a-polyphenism-switch-gene-following-serial-duplications-in-pristionchus-nematodes
#8
Erik J Ragsdale, Nicholas A Ivers
Polyphenism is an extreme manifestation of developmental plasticity, requiring distinct developmental programs and the addition of a switch mechanism. Because the genetic basis of polyphenism switches has only begun to be understood, how their mechanisms arise is unclear. In the nematode Pristionchus pacificus, which has a mouthpart polyphenism specialized for alternative diets, a gene (eud-1) executing the polyphenism switch was recently identified as the product of lineage-specific duplications. Here, we infer the role of gene duplications in producing a switch gene...
September 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417522/a-mechanistic-review-on-medicinal-plants-used-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-traditional-persian-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Fatemeh Farzaei, Mohammad Abdollahi, Zahra Abbasabadi, Amir Hossein Abdolghaffari, Bahman Mehraban
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease, which affects synovial tissue in multiple joints. Although conventional treatments of RA commonly alleviate the symptoms, high incidence of adverse reactions leads to research tendency towards complementary and alternative medicine. As various medicinal plants are traditionally used for the management of symptomatologies associated with RA in Persian medicine, we reviewed medicinal literature to confirm their efficacy in the management of RA...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350107/advance-in-studies-on-traditional-chinese-medicines-to-treat-infection-with-the-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus
#10
Jufeng Xia, Yoshinori Inagaki, Peipei Song, Tatsuo Sawakami, Norihiro Kokudo, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Yoshihiro Sakamoto, Wei Tang
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), as a type of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), is a sophisticated and time-honored form of healthcare in China. Many TCMs are widely used to treat hepatitis B and hepatitis C in countries like China, Japan, and South Korea. Since conventional clinical preparations like interferon-α cause obvious dose-dependent adverse reactions and drug resistance, TCMs and related bioactive compounds have garnered increasing attention from physicians and medical researchers...
November 15, 2016: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27350006/croton-megalobotrys-m%C3%A3-ll-arg-and-vitex-doniana-sweet-traditional-medicinal-plants-in-a-three-step-treatment-regimen-that-inhibit-in-vitro-replication-of-hiv-1
#11
Ian Tietjen, Teresia Gatonye, Barbara N Ngwenya, Amos Namushe, Sundana Simonambanga, Mbaki Muzila, Philip Mwimanzi, Jianbo Xiao, David Fedida, Zabrina L Brumme, Mark A Brockman, Kerstin Andrae-Marobela
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) strains resistant to licensed anti-retroviral drugs (ARVs) continue to emerge. On the African continent, uneven access to ARVs combined with occurrence of side-effects after prolonged ARV therapy have led to searches for traditional medicines as alternative or complementary remedies to conventional HIV/AIDS management. AIM OF THE STUDY: Here we characterize a specific three-step traditional HIV/AIDS treatment regimen consisting of Cassia sieberiana root, Vitex doniana root, and Croton megalobotrys bark by combining qualitative interviews of traditional medical knowledge users in Botswana with in vitro HIV replication studies...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250734/the-influence-of-a-mexican-cultural-immersion-experience-on-personal-and-professional-healthcare-practices
#12
Terry Crowe, Victoria Sanchez, Allison Weber, Amy Murtagh
The purpose of this study was to understand the influence of a cultural immersion experience on personal and professional healthcare practices of occupational therapists. The experience, a 10-day course in Oaxaca, Mexico, exposed participants to alternative and complementary medicine through interactive sessions with Mexican indigenous traditional healers. The literature indicates that cultural immersion experiences can increase the perceived cultural effectiveness of healthcare professionals. Three focus groups were conducted with eight occupational therapists and two occupational therapy fieldwork students who had participated in the course...
December 2016: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212742/is-acupuncturing-effective-in-controlling-the-gag-reflex-during-dental-procedures-a-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Alireza Daneshkazemi, Pedram Daneshkazemi, Amin Davoudi, Hamid Badrian, Vahid Pourtalebi Firouzabadi
Traditional acupuncture has been introduced more than 2500 years ago which provides an alternative and complementary option during clinical practices. Its main mechanism is based on stimulating the nerves by altering the processes and perception of pain transmitters. It facilitates releasing natural pain relievers such as endorphins and serotonin. Its success for various dental procedures has been proved earlier. However, its effects on controlling the gag reflex seem to be overlooked. The gag reflex is recognized as a protective reaction for stopping the entrance of any foreign bodies into the oropharynx...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27099859/breath-based-meditation-a-mechanism-to-restore-the-physiological-and-cognitive-reserves-for-optimal-human-performance
#14
Kirtigandha Salwe Carter, Robert Carter
Stress can be associated with many physiological changes resulting in significant decrements in human performance. Due to growing interests in alternative and complementary medicine by Westerners, many of the traditions and holistic yogic breathing practices today are being utilized as a measure for healthier lifestyles. These state-of-the-art practices can have a significant impact on common mental health conditions such as depression and generalized anxiety disorder. However, the potential of yogic breathing on optimizing human performance and overall well-being is not well known...
April 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084510/cytotoxicity-and-cell-cycle-arrest-induced-by-andrographolide-lead-to-programmed-cell-death-of-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cell-line
#15
Malabika Banerjee, Subrata Chattopadhyay, Tathagata Choudhuri, Rammohan Bera, Sanjay Kumar, Biswajit Chakraborty, Samir Kumar Mukherjee
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is considered as an increasing major life-threatening concern among the malignancies encountered globally in females. Traditional therapy is far from satisfactory due to drug resistance and various side effects, thus a search for complementary/alternative medicines from natural sources with lesser side effects is being emphasized. Andrographis paniculata, an oriental, traditional medicinal herb commonly available in Asian countries, has a long history of treating a variety of diseases, such as respiratory infection, fever, bacterial dysentery, diarrhea, inflammation etc...
2016: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26937317/china-s-other-medical-systems-recognizing-uyghur-tibetan-and-mongolian-traditional-medicines
#16
Elaine Yu, Hakima Amri
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine, as it is understood and adopted by those with a growing interest in complementary and alternative practices to biomedicine, is often used as an umbrella term for traditional medical practices from regions within and bordering the People's Republic of China. However, there are multiple distinct medical traditions in China, including that of the Uyghurs, Tibetans, and Mongolians. OBJECTIVE: It is important to recognize the commonalities and differences of these unique systems of medicine practiced by the 3 different cultures among China's borders...
January 2016: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918308/peptide-synthesis-through-cell-free-expression-of-fusion-proteins-incorporating-modified-amino-acids-as-latent-cleavage-sites-for-peptide-release
#17
Mantas Liutkus, Samuel A Fraser, Karine Caron, Dannon J Stigers, Christopher J Easton
Chlorinated analogues of Leu and Ile are incorporated during cell-free expression of peptides fused to protein, by exploiting the promiscuity of the natural biosynthetic machinery. They then act as sites for clean and efficient release of the peptides simply by brief heat treatment. Dehydro analogues of Leu and Ile are similarly incorporated as latent sites for peptide release through treatment with iodine under cold conditions. These protocols complement enzyme-catalyzed methods and have been used to prepare calcitonin, gastrin-releasing peptide, cholecystokinin-7, and prolactin-releasing peptide prohormones, as well as analogues substituted with unusual amino acids, thus illustrating their practical utility as alternatives to more traditional chemical peptide synthesis...
May 17, 2016: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26860801/anti-cancer-effects-of-traditional-korean-wild-vegetables-in-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#18
REVIEW
Hyun-Mok Ju, Kwang-Won Yu, Sung-Dae Cho, Sun Hee Cheong, Ki Han Kwon
This research study explored the anti-cancer effects of natural materials in South Korea. Although South Korea has a long history of traditional medicine, many natural materials of South Korea have not yet been introduced to the rest of the world because of language barriers and inconsistent study conditions. In the past 3 years, 56 papers introducing 56 natural materials, which have anti-cancer effects, have been published by scientists in South Korea. Further, these studies have introduced five kinds of natural materials presented in research papers that were written in Korean and are therefore virtually unknown overseas...
February 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732632/evaluation-of-safety-of-modified-danggui-buxue-tang-in-rodents-immunological-toxicity-and-hormonal-aspects
#19
Jian-Hui Xie, Zhi-Wei Chen, Ya-Wei Pan, De-Min Luo, Zi-Ren Su, Hai-Ming Chen, Zhen Qin, Shui-Qing Huang, Gao Lei
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Radix Astragali (RA), Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RAS) and Folium Epimedii (FE) are three of the extensively applied herbs among traditional Chinese medicines for gynecological disorders and osteoporosis. A derivative herbal formula-RRF, consisting of the three medicines with a weight ratio of 5:1:5, is derived from a famous Chinese herbal formula-Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT). RRF has shown noteworthy perimenopause ameliorating effect in both ovariectomized rats and natural aging female rats, which might represent a promising candidate for the treatment of perimenopausal disorders...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691678/from-monocausality-to-systems-thinking-a-complementary-and-alternative-conceptual-approach-for-better-understanding-the-development-and-prevention-of-sports-injury
#20
Adam Hulme, Caroline F Finch
The science of sports injury control, including both its cause and prevention, has largely been informed by a biomedical and mechanistic model of health. Traditional scientific practice in sports injury research has routinely involved collapsing the broader socioecological landscape down in order to analyse individual-level determinants of injury - whether biomechanical and/or behavioural. This approach has made key gains for sports injury prevention research and should be further encouraged and allowed to evolve naturally...
2015: Injury Epidemiology
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