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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522290/somatization-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Danilo Carrozzino, Per Bech, Chiara Patierno, Marco Onofrj, Bo Mohr Morberg, Astrid Thomas, Laura Bonanni, Mario Fulcheri
The current systematic review study is aimed at critically analyzing from a clinimetric viewpoint the clinical consequence of somatization in Parkinson's Disease (PD). By focusing on the International Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we conducted a comprehensive electronic literature research strategy on ISI Web-of-Science, PsychINFO, PubMed, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. Out of 2.926 initial records, only a total of 9 studies were identified as clearly relevant and analyzed in this systematic review...
May 15, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520630/diagnostic-yield-of-routine-electroencephalography-with-concurrent-video-recording-in-detecting-interictal-epileptiform-discharges-in-relation-to-reasons-for-request-a-prospective-study-of-1-080-video-electroencephalograms
#2
Laia Grau-López, Marta Jiménez, Jordi Ciurans, Sonia Barambio, Alejandra Fumanal, Juan L Becerra
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to prospectively analyze the sensitivity and specificity of routine electroencephalography with concurrent video recording (vEEG) in relation to the reasons for requesting the test and to investigate when routine vEEG should be requested. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 1,080 consecutive vEEGs performed between April 2015 and April 2016. The requests for vEEG were classified as requests with a low suspicion of epilepsy (syncope, confusion or delirium, suspicion of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures, and paroxysmal focal neurological deficit) or requests with a high suspicion of epilepsy (first clinical seizure, suspected status epilepticus, follow-up study of a patient with epilepsy, and acute symptomatic seizures)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511263/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-functional-psychogenic-parkinsonism
#3
Kathrin LaFaver, Alberto J Espay
Functional (psychogenic) parkinsonism (FP) is recognized by the mandatory combination of marked slowness without progressive decrement on repetitive manual tasks and variable resistance against passive movements in the absence of cogwheel rigidity. Other functional phenotypes, such as functional tremor and functional gait impairment, may coexist. Although neither necessary nor sufficient for the diagnosis of FP, supportive historical clues include the sudden onset of symptoms and absent or nonphysiologic response to levodopa...
April 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509122/severe-hyponatremia-in-a-patient-with-schizophrenia-associated-with-prolonged-consciousness-disturbance
#4
Kunihiko Yasuda, Takatsugu Iwashita, Yosuke Tayama, Yuko Makino, Ayumu Watanabe, Tatsuro Sano, Taisuke Shimizu, Tomonari Ogawa, Koichi Kanozawa, Hajime Hasegawa
Hyponatremia presents with various central nervous system symptoms during its course and treatment. We treated a patient who presented with a prolonged consciousness disorder and was suspected of having complications of neuroleptic malignant syndrome and osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) during the treatment for his hyponatremia, which was caused by syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). The patient was a 30-year-old Japanese man who had been under treatment for schizophrenia...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503702/postmortem-diagnosis-of-hyponatremia-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Jessica Vanhaebost, Cristian Palmiere, Maria Pia Scarpelli, Fabiola Bou Abdallah, Arnaud Capron, Gregory Schmit
Hyponatremia is defined as a plasma sodium concentration less than 135 or 130 mEq/L (or mmol/L) and may be responsible for life threatening symptoms that can be observed in a variety of medical conditions. Cases of fatal hyponatremia have been reported in both clinical and forensic literature in situations of water intoxication due to psychogenic polydipsia, amphetamine derivative drug intake, high-endurance exercise, iatrogenic causes, and exceptional cases of child abuse by forced water intoxication. Vitreous sodium levels have been determined to be relatively stable during the early postmortem period and similar to levels found in normal serum of living subjects...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501288/recurrent-episodes-of-brief-global-amnesia-related-to-intrathecal-baclofen-pump-originally-mistaken-for-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#6
David Rosenblum, Gulam Noorani, Paul H Desan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489146/acute-muscular-weakness-in-children
#7
Ricardo Pablo Javier Erazo Torricelli
Acute muscle weakness in children is a pediatric emergency. During the diagnostic approach, it is crucial to obtain a detailed case history, including: onset of weakness, history of associated febrile states, ingestion of toxic substances/toxins, immunizations, and family history. Neurological examination must be meticulous as well. In this review, we describe the most common diseases related to acute muscle weakness, grouped into the site of origin (from the upper motor neuron to the motor unit). Early detection of hyperCKemia may lead to a myositis diagnosis, and hypokalemia points to the diagnosis of periodic paralysis...
April 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486869/erectile-dysfunction-overview-from-a-cardiovascular-perspective
#8
Frederic Baumann, Deborah Hehli, Vladimir Makaloski, Martin Schumacher, Heinz Schönhofen, Nicolas Diehm
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is an evolving health problem with growing incidence in the ageing male population with potentially predictive value for cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. ED shares the common cardiovascular risk factors. The aetiology of ED is numerous including neurogenic, psychogenic, arteriogenic, and venogenic reasons. The origin of arteriogenic ED is frequently atherosclerosis. Patients not adequately responding to conservative measures including oral medication are often referred to further vascular diagnostics and therapy...
May 10, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479298/childhood-psychogenic-hearing-loss-identification-and-diagnosis
#9
M Parodi, I Rouillon, C Rebours, F Denoyelle, N Loundon
Psychogenic hearing loss, formerly known as functional or non-organic hearing loss, is a classic cause of consultation in infantile audiology. Risk factors include female gender, and age 8 or 12 years. Onset is relatively sudden, without impact on schooling or voice quality. Audiometric signs comprise non-superimposable audiometric thresholds (variable audiometric results), bilaterality, flat mean audiometric curve, and discrepancy between pure-tone and speech audiometry. The child needs reassuring during audiometric examination: attention-diversion techniques may be effective...
May 4, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470977/longitudinal-measurement-invariance-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-deployed-marines
#10
Ateka A Contractor, Elisa Bolton, Matthew W Gallagher, Charla Rhodes, William P Nash, Brett Litz
The meaningful interpretation of longitudinal study findings requires temporal stability of the constructs assessed (i.e., measurement invariance). We sought to examine measurement invariance of the construct of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders indexed by the PTSD Checklist (PCL) and the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) in a sample of 834 Marines with significant combat experience. PTSD was assessed 1-month predeployment (T0), and again at 1-month (T1), 5-months (T2), and 8-months postdeployment (T3)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464309/psychiatric-and-behavioral-comorbidities-in-epilepsy-a-critical-reappraisal
#11
REVIEW
Anne T Berg, Hamada H Altalib, Orrin Devinsky
Psychiatric and behavioral disorders are important aspects of epilepsy and have received increasing attention in the last several years. The literature upon which most of the field relies contains some biases that must be carefully examined and resolved in future studies. First, in the pediatric epilepsy literature, many reports find that children with epilepsy have high levels of behavioral and psychiatric disorders when compared to appropriate controls. Most of these studies rely on parent-proxy completed instruments to assess these behavioral endpoints...
May 2, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463347/treatment-of-refractory-psychogenic-polydipsia-with-lithium
#12
Marcia Unger, Glen Xiong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459144/evaluation-of-the-causes-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-patients-undergoing-penile-doppler-ultrasonography-in-pakistan
#13
Usman Khanzada, Sohail Ahmed Khan, Munawar Hussain, Hatem Adel, Kamran Masood, Syed Omair Adil, Murli Manohar
PURPOSE: In patients with erectile dysfunction, it is important to differentiate psychogenic from organic causes. Penile Doppler ultrasonography is a relatively inexpensive and minimally invasive tool for this purpose. This study was conducted to evaluate the causes of erectile dysfunction in an adult male population, using penile Doppler ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in a single center. All patients who presented with complaints of erectile dysfunction and underwent penile Doppler ultrasonography between July 2014 and June 2016 were included in this study...
April 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455899/persistent-genital-arousal-disorder-a-case-report
#14
Monika Hrynko, Roman Kotas, Anna Pokryszko-Dragan, Marta Nowakowska-Kotas, Ryszard Podemski
The persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) may coexist with restless legs syndrome and overactive bladder syndrome and share some similarities with these conditions. Thus, the new term: restless genital syndrome (RGS) is proposed. The purpose of this paper is to present a case of PGAD, including the description of the etiology, the diagnostics and the treatment of the disorder. The described patient meets the criteria for PGAD. Organic lesions within nervous and urogenital system were excluded and the psychogenic background of the syndrome was assumed in this case...
February 26, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455489/st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-with-acute-stent-thrombosis-presenting-as-intractable-hiccups-an-unusual-case
#15
Fan Zhang, Nosakhare Douglas Tongo, Victoria Hastings, Parisa Kanzali, Ziqiang Zhu, Hal Chadow, Shahrokh E Rafii
BACKGROUND Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can present with atypical chest pain or symptoms not attributed to heart disease, such as indigestion. Hiccups, a benign and self-limited condition, can become persistent or intractable with overlooked underlying etiology. There are various causes of protracted hiccups, including metabolic abnormalities, psychogenic disorders, malignancy, central nervous system pathology, medications, pulmonary disorders, or gastrointestinal etiologies. It is rarely attributed to cardiac disease...
April 29, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449492/somatic-cough-syndrome-or-psychogenic-cough-what-is-the-difference
#16
EDITORIAL
Anne E Vertigan
The term psychogenic cough has been used to describe cough without obvious medical etiology, which is refractory to medical management and considered to have a psychiatric or psychological basis. However there are limitations in the research into psychogenic cough with limited empirical data on how to define the condition or differentially diagnose it from other forms of chronic cough. The term somatic cough syndrome was introduced by the American College of Chest physicians in 2015 during their revision of the 2006 guideline on psychogenic cough...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446482/secondary-parkinsonism-in-a-patient-of-psychogenic-polydipsia
#17
Rimesh Pal, Liza Das, Pinaki Dutta, Anil Bhansali
A 44-year-old man presented with history of slurring of speech, slowness in activities, abnormal posturing of the upper limbs and drooling of saliva from the mouth. He had a 5-yearlong history of compulsive water drinking, consuming 12-15 L of water every day. He was earlier evaluated for the same and found to have low serum sodium (126 mEq/L). Presently, he was admitted at a primary care facility with fever and altered sensorium. He was found to have serum sodium of 94 mEq/L. His sensorium improved with hypertonic saline infusion; however, after a lucid interval of 48 hours, he developed florid extrapyramidal symptoms...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437822/osmotic-demyelination-syndrome-due-to-severe-hyponatremia-mimicking-hypoxic-encephalopathy
#18
Felix Wicke, Sasha Moreitz, Stefan Weidauer
Hyponatremia and its rapid correction is a well-known cause of osmotic demyelination most commonly affecting the pons. We report on a case of severe hyponatremia likely due to psychogenic polydipsia resulting in hypotonic hyperhydration with resulting cortical laminar necrosis on initial imaging, mimicking hypoxic brain damage. Pontine myelinolysis became apparent on follow-up imaging, illustrating the diagnostic challenges of extrapontine manifestations of severe hyponatremia.
April 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432961/diurnal-patterns-and-relationships-between-physiological-and-self-reported-stress-in-patients-with-epilepsy-and-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#19
Barbora Novakova, Peter R Harris, Markus Reuber
PURPOSE: Patients with epilepsy and those with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) experience high levels of stress and stress is one of the most frequently self-identified seizure precipitants. Although stress is a multifaceted phenomenon, few studies have systematically examined its different components in patients with seizures. The aim of this study was therefore to describe diurnal patterns of psychological and physiological measures of stress in patients with epilepsy and patients with PNES, and explore their relationships to each other in order to improve our understanding of the mechanisms underlying stress and seizure occurrence in these patients...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427027/multisensory-temporal-function-and-eeg-complexity-in-patients-with-epilepsy-and-psychogenic-nonepileptic-events
#20
Jean-Paul Noel, LeAnne Kurela, Sarah H Baum, Hong Yu, Joseph S Neimat, Martin J Gallagher, Mark Wallace
Cognitive and perceptual comorbidities frequently accompany epilepsy and psychogenic nonepileptic events (PNEE). However, and despite the fact that perceptual function is built upon a multisensory foundation, little knowledge exists concerning multisensory function in these populations. Here, we characterized facets of multisensory processing abilities in patients with epilepsy and PNEE, and probed the relationship between individual resting-state EEG complexity and these psychophysical measures in each patient...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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