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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226668/gaussian-mixture-model-for-the-identification-of-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-using-a-wearable-accelerometer-sensor
#1
Shitanshu Kusmakar, Ramanathan Muthuganapathy, Bernard Yan, Terence J O'Brien, Marimuthu Palaniswami, Shitanshu Kusmakar, Ramanathan Muthuganapathy, Bernard Yan, Terence J O'Brien, Marimuthu Palaniswami, Terence J O'Brien, Shitanshu Kusmakar, Bernard Yan, Ramanathan Muthuganapathy, Marimuthu Palaniswami
Any abnormal hypersynchronus activity of neurons can be characterized as an epileptic seizure (ES). A broad class of non-epileptic seizures is comprised of Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). PNES are paroxysmal events, which mimics epileptic seizures and pose a diagnostic challenge with epileptic seizures due to their clinical similarities. The diagnosis of PNES is done using video-electroencephalography (VEM) monitoring. VEM being a resource intensive process calls for alternative methods for detection of PNES...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222972/the-neurologic-control-of-arousal-and-orgasm-with-specific-attention-to-spinal-cord-lesions-integrating-preclinical-and-clinical-sciences
#2
Marcalee Sipski Alexander, Lesley Marson
Preclinical research in animal models is important for understanding the neural pathways and pathophysiology underlying changes in sexual function after SCI. In vivo animal models, primarily rodents, have provided valuable information on the central pathways regulating sexual arousal and orgasm; however, further research is required in females and preclinical modeling of SCI that can be better translated to men and women. Translation of the autonomic and somatic regulation of sexual responses from preclinical models through clinical research correlates well with respect to the peripheral-spinal systems involved...
January 25, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222340/a-comparative-retrospective-exploration-of-the-profiles-of-patients-in-south-africa-diagnosed-with-epileptic-and-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#3
David G Anderson, Maria Damianova, Skye Hanekom, Marilyn Lucas
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) have a high prevalence globally but the accurate diagnosis of this condition still remains a challenge. This is particularly the case in countries where there is scarce expertise and insufficient affordable medical facilities to which patients have access. The rate of PNES diagnosis in epilepsy units is typically within the range of 20 to 30%. In the context of developing countries, this rate tends to be higher and increases demand on the existing scarce health care capacities...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213614/reproductive-dysfunction-and-associated-pathology-in-women-undergoing-military-training
#4
REVIEW
Robert M Gifford, R M Reynolds, J Greeves, R A Anderson, D R Woods
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from civilian athletes raises the question of whether reproductive dysfunction may be seen in female soldiers as a result of military training. Such reproductive dysfunction consists of impaired ovulation with or without long-term subfertility. METHODS: A critical review of pertinent evidence following an extensive literature search. RESULTS: The evidence points towards reduced energy availability as the most likely explanation for exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210019/the-correlation-between-prostate-volume-in-patients-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-relation-to-erectile-dysfunction
#5
Amel Kardasevic, Snjezana Milicevic
INTRODUCTION: The exact etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) has not yet been determined, and the etiology of erectile dysfunction (ED) is often multicausal and includes organic and/or psychogenic causes, as well as their combinations. Although the relation of BPH, and thus the volume of the prostate (VP) with ED is indisputable, precise mechanisms of integration are still under examination. GOAL: The objective was to evaluate the correlation between prostate volume and degree of erectile dysfunction in patients with symptoms of lower urinary tract caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185785/can-antibiotics-cause-a-psychosis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Duy Ly, Lynn E DeLisi
It is relatively unknown that some of the possible side effects of antibiotic treatment can be transient psychotic episodes and other encephalopathies such as seizure disorders. Since these are rare events, there have not been many studies about them, nor is there a clear understanding of the underlying basis for these symptoms. This phenomenon was recently brought to our attention by a patient whose case history is discussed here. For the past few years, he has been diagnosed at different times with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder with psychosis, temporal lobe epilepsy, and psychogenic nonepileptic seizures...
February 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183086/emotional-dysregulation-in-psychogenic-voice-loss
#7
Franny B Spengler, Benjamin Becker, Keith M Kendrick, Rupert Conrad, René Hurlemann, Goetz Schade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168537/hyperkinetic-movement-disorder-emergencies
#8
REVIEW
Giovanni Cossu, Carlo Colosimo
A movement disorder emergency has been defined by Fahn and Frucht as "any neurological disorder evolving acutely or subacutely, in which the clinical presentation is dominated by a primary movement disorder, and in which failure to accurately diagnose and manage the patient may result in significant morbidity or even mortality." In this review, we discuss the most common situations in which hyperkinetic movement disorders, including chorea, ballism, dystonia, myoclonus, tics, as well as psychogenic disorders, can present as emergencies...
January 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168171/psychogenic-illness-following-vaccination-exploratory-study-of-mass-vaccination-against-pandemic-influenza-a-h1n1-in-2009-in-south-korea
#9
Tae Un Yang, Hee Jung Kim, Yeon Kyeong Lee, Young-Joon Park
PURPOSE: Adverse events during mass vaccination campaigns have had a profoundly negative impact on vaccine coverage rates. The objective of the study was to identify the characteristics of reported psychogenic illness cases following mass vaccination that needed further interventions of the national immunization program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected documents that were submitted to the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for vaccine injury compensation, and analyzed cases of psychogenic illness following pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination in 2009 which were confirmed by the Korean Advisory Committee on Vaccine Injury Compensation...
January 2017: Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167008/prevalence-of-vestibular-and-balance-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-according-to-age-a-multi-center-study
#10
Jong Dae Lee, Chang-Hee Kim, Seok Min Hong, Sung Huhn Kim, Myung-Whan Suh, Min-Beom Kim, Dae Bo Shim, Hosuk Chu, No Hee Lee, Minbum Kim, Sung Kwang Hong, Jae-Hyun Seo
OBJECTIVES: Children differ from adults in the expression of dizziness symptoms and the causes of dizziness. In several studies, benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (BPVC) and vestibular migraine (VM) were seen exclusively in children with vertigo, but the age threshold used to define 'children' varies, and there are few reported studies about adolescents with dizziness. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of vestibular and balance disorders according to age category in a multi-center study (otolaryngology departments of 11 hospitals) of children and adolescents...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162058/prevalence-of-epilepsy-in-74-949-school-children-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#11
Inaam N Mohamed, Maha A Elseed, Ahlam A Hamed, Manar E Abdel-Rahman, Sarah M El-Sadig, Ilham M Omer, Abdelgadir H Osman, Ammar E Ahmed, Zein A Karrar, Mustafa A Salih
BACKGROUND: Data on childhood epilepsy in Sudan are scarce and the only published study on its prevalence was published in 1983. This study aimed to determine the current prevalence of epilepsy in school children in Khartoum State. METHODS: This is an analytical population-based, cross-sectional study conducted in Khartoum State, Sudan. The study included students in the basic (primary) schools aged 6-14 years. Simple random sampling was used to draw a cluster of four of the seven localities comprising Khartoum State...
February 6, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149505/case-report-severe-hypernatremia-from-psychogenic-adipsia
#12
Sarah Manning, Rehan Shaffie, Shitij Arora
Hypernatremia is a common emergency room presentation and carries high mortality. We describe a case of a 56-year-old male patient with who presents with refusal to drink water for several weeks leading to the admission. He was diagnosed with psychogenic adipsia and was treated successfully with fluids, mirtazapine and clonazepam.
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131930/the-approach-to-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-in-epilepsy-surgery-centers-regarding-diagnosis-treatment-and-education
#13
Kette D Valente, Luciano De Paola, Andre Palmini, Eduardo Faveret, Gerardo Maria de Araujo-Filho, Helio van der Linden, Marino M Bianchin, Roger Walz, Rudá Alessi, Tonicarlo Velasco, Wagner A Teixeira, W Curt LaFrance
Previous studies, using surveys, provided an understanding about how health-care providers address patients with PNES. To date, there is limited information on the management of patients with PNES by tertiary referral centers for epilepsy. In this study, we surveyed 11 Brazilian epilepsy center directors about diagnosis, treatment, education and research on PNES. Respondents reported that patients with PNES represented 10-20% of all adult patients recorded by video-EEG (VEEG). All respondents recognized VEEG as the method to confirm the diagnosis, and 81...
January 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124436/normal-sensorimotor-plasticity-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-with-fixed-posture-of-the-hand
#14
Francesca Morgante, Antonino Naro, Carmen Terranova, Margherita Russo, Vincenzo Rizzo, Giovanni Risitano, Paolo Girlanda, Angelo Quartarone
BACKGROUND: Movement disorders associated with complex regional pain syndrome type I have been a subject of controversy over the last 10 years regarding their nature and pathophysiology, with an intense debate about the functional (psychogenic) nature of this disorder. The aim of this study was to test sensorimotor plasticity and cortical excitability in patients with complex regional pain syndrome type I who developed a fixed posture of the hand. METHODS: Ten patients with complex regional pain syndrome type I in the right upper limb and a fixed posture of the hand (disease duration less than 24 months) and 10 age-matched healthy subjects were enrolled...
January 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122429/suspected-perinatal-depression-revealed-to-be-hereditary-diffuse-leukoencephalopathy-with-spheroids
#15
Josefine Blume, Robert Weissert
Early motor symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases often appear in combination with psychiatric symptoms, such as depression or personality changes, and are in danger of being misdiagnosed as psychogenic in young patients. We present the case of a 32-year-old woman who presented with rapid-onset depression, followed by a hypokinetic movement disorder and cognitive decline during pregnancy. Genetic testing revealed a mutation in the colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor gene, which led to the diagnosis of hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids...
January 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122424/psychodynamic-psychotherapy-for-functional-psychogenic-movement-disorders
#16
Vibhash D Sharma, Randi Jones, Stewart A Factor
OBJECTIVE: As the literature for the treatment of functional (psychogenic) movement disorders (FMD) is sparse, we assessed clinical outcomes in patients with FMD who underwent treatment with psychodynamic psychotherapy (PDP). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the data of patients with FMD who were referred for PDP from 2008-2014 at Emory University Medical Center was performed. RESULTS: Thirty patients were included, mean age at presentation was 50 years (SD 13...
January 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113122/differences-in-psychological-and-somatic-symptom-cluster-score-profiles-between-subjects-with-idiopathic-environmental-intolerance-major-depression-and-schizophrenia
#17
Elisabeth M Weiss, Evelin Singewald, Claudia Baldus, Ellen Hofer, Josef Marksteiner, Sarah Nasrouei, Beatrix Ruepp, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer, Werner Fitz, Christoph Mai, Anke Bauer, Ilona Papousek, Peter Holzer
Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance (IEI) has been associated with psychogenic factors and an increased number of comorbid psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety disorder. The purpose of the current study was to examine a possible overlap of psychological and somatic symptoms between subjects with IEI and patients with major depression and schizophrenia as well as to specify characteristic differences. The different symptom clusters included symptoms of chemical intolerance, neurotoxicity and psychological distress as well as measurements of mental health such as anxiety, depression, somatoform symptoms, and schizophrenia-specific disturbances in cognitive domains...
January 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093516/tilt-induced-vasovagal-syncope-and-psychogenic-pseudosyncope-overlapping-clinical-entities
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092837/differential-diagnosis-of-a-paroxysmal-neurological-event-do-neurologists-know-how-to-clinically-recognize-it
#19
Aleksandar J Ristić, Ksenija Mijović, Zoran Bukumirić, Nikola Vojvodić, Slavko Janković, Vladimir Baščarević, Tijana Đukić, Dragoslav Sokić
PURPOSE: To investigate ability to recognize paroxysmal neurological events (PNE) based on video-recorded events alone in a group of physicians treating prevalent neurological conditions. METHODS: Total of 12 patients' videos (6 epileptic seizures (ES), 4 psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), 2 other nonepileptic seizures (oNES)) were selected. Videos were displayed once to physicians blind to clinical data and final diagnosis. Physicians determined their clinical choice: ES, PNES, oNES, and I don't know (IDK)...
January 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074997/-classification-of-idiopathic-generalised-epilepsies-in-patients-over-16-years-of-age
#20
J Sala-Padro, M Toledo, E Santamarina, M Gonzalez-Cuevas, M Raspall-Chaure, M Sueiras-Gil, M Quintana, J Salas-Puig
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic generalised epilepsies (IGE) are a set of electroclinical syndromes with different phenotypes. Our aim is to analyse those phenotypes in patients over 16 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a series of patients with IGE. They were classified as childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), juvenile absence epilepsy (JAE), juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), epilepsy with tonic-clonic seizures only (TCSE), epilepsy with eyelid myoclonias and absences (EMA) and pure photogenic epilepsy (PE)...
January 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
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