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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237338/client-perfectionism-and-psychological-symptoms-throughout-psychotherapy
#1
Clarissa M E Richardson, Kenneth G Rice, Eric M Sauer, Kristin E Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Given the psychological issues experienced by individuals high in perfectionistic concerns (maladaptive perfectionism), or a feeling as if one is never good enough, and discrepancies in the literature as to whether these individuals experience benefits from therapy, it is imperative that research examine whether perfectionism actually improves throughout therapy. The current study improves upon past research by examining changes in perfectionism (both perfectionistic concerns and strivings) throughout therapy, rather than simply measuring perfectionism at pre- and post-therapy...
December 13, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226966/using-trial-level-data-and-multilevel-modeling-to-investigate-within-task-change-in-event-related-potentials
#2
Hannah I Volpert-Esmond, Edgar C Merkle, Meredith P Levsen, Tiffany A Ito, Bruce D Bartholow
EEG data, and specifically the ERP, provide psychologists with the power to examine quickly occurring cognitive processes at the native temporal resolution at which they occur. Despite the advantages conferred by ERPs to examine processes at different points in time, ERP researchers commonly ignore the trial-to-trial temporal dimension by collapsing across trials of similar types (i.e., the signal averaging approach) because of constraints imposed by repeated measures ANOVA. Here, we present the advantages of using multilevel modeling (MLM) to examine trial-level data to investigate change in neurocognitive processes across the course of an experiment...
December 11, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193996/genome-wide-association-study-of-rice-grain-width-variation
#3
Xiao-Ming Zheng, Tingting Gong, Hong-Ling Ou, Dayuan Xue, Weihua Qiao, Junrui Wang, Sha Liu, Qingwen Yang, Kenneth M Olsen
Seed size is variable within many plant species, and understanding the underlying genetic factors can provide insights into mechanisms of local environmental adaptation. Here we make use of the abundant genomic and germplasm resources available for rice (<i>Oryza sativa</i>) to perform a large scale genome-wide association study (GWAS) of grain width. Grain width varies widely within the crop and is also known to show climate-associated variation across populations of its wild progenitor. Using a filtered dataset of >1...
December 1, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155905/adsorption-of-three-domain-antifreeze-proteins-on-ice-a-study-using-lgmmas-theory-and-monte-carlo-simulations
#4
Juan Ignacio Lopez Ortiz, Paola Torres, Evelina Quiroga, Claudio F Narambuena, Antonio J Ramirez-Pastor
In the present work, the adsorption of three-domain antifreeze proteins on ice is studied by combining a statistical thermodynamics based theory and Monte Carlo simulations. The three-domain protein is modeled by a trimer, and the ice surface is represented by a lattice of adsorption sites. The statistical theory, obtained from the exact partition function of non-interacting trimers adsorbed in one dimension and its extension to two dimensions, includes the configuration of the molecule in the adsorbed state, and allows the existence of multiple adsorption states for the protein...
November 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155118/patterns-of-neuroendocrine-coupling-in-9-year-old-children-effects-of-sex-body-mass-index-and-life-stress
#5
Sarah R Black, Matthew D Lerner, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff, Daniel N Klein
Previous investigations have explored stress and pubertal hormones in parallel; it has been a recent development, however, to explore the relationships between different hormones during puberty, and how this hormonal cross-talk may be influenced by the environment. The current study investigated neuroendocrine coupling, or the extent to which hormones are correlated within the individual, and also investigated early life stressors that may influence coupling. Participants were 405 adrenarcheal children (mean Tanner stage=1...
November 16, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145264/influences-of-cardiac-motion-on-computed-tomography-guided-biopsy-of-lung-nodules-located-near-the-heart
#6
Li-Sheng Hsu, Chien-Wei Chen, Chia-Hao Chang, Chien-Han Liao, Sheng-Lung Hsu, Wei-Ming Lin
Computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy of nodules located near the heart may be associated with potential complications. To understand the influences of cardiac motion on lung parenchyma during biopsy, we processed the cardiac phase images of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) and noticed shifts in mediastinum lung margin (MLM) at different zones.Thirty eight CCTA (27 men and 11 women) were retrospectively evaluated. Image processing was done with Fiji (an open source Java image processing program by Fiji contributors) using 10% to 90% phase images of CCTA; and tissue displacement (MLM shift) was shown on the resulting images...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136656/genetic-diversity-linkage-disequilibrium-and-association-mapping-analyses-of-gossypium-barbadense-l-germplasm
#7
Alisher A Abdullaev, Ilkhom B Salakhutdinov, Sharof S Egamberdiev, Ernest E Khurshut, Sofiya M Rizaeva, Mauricio Ulloa, Ibrokhim Y Abdurakhmonov
Limited polymorphism and narrow genetic base, due to genetic bottleneck through historic domestication, highlight a need for comprehensive characterization and utilization of existing genetic diversity in cotton germplasm collections. In this study, 288 worldwide Gossypium barbadense L. cotton germplasm accessions were evaluated in two diverse environments (Uzbekistan and USA). These accessions were assessed for genetic diversity, population structure, linkage disequilibrium (LD), and LD-based association mapping (AM) of fiber quality traits using 108 genome-wide simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123537/association-mapping-of-ferrous-zinc-and-aluminum-tolerance-at-the-seedling-stage-in-indica-rice-using-magic-populations
#8
Lijun Meng, Baoxiang Wang, Xiangqian Zhao, Kimberly Ponce, Qian Qian, Guoyou Ye
Excessive amounts of metal are toxic and severely affect plant growth and development. Understanding the genetic control of metal tolerance is crucial to improve rice resistance to Fe, Zn, and Al toxicity. The multi-parent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC) populations were genotyped using a 55 K rice SNP array and screened at the seedling stage for Fe, Zn, and Al toxicity using a hydroponics system. Association analysis was conducted by implementing a mixed linear model (MLM) for each of the five MAGIC populations double cross DC1 (founders were SAGC-08, HHZ5-SAL9-Y3-Y1, BP1976B-2-3-7-TB-1-1, PR33282-B-8-1-1-1-1-1), double cross DC2 (founders of double cross were FFZ1, CT 16658-5-2-2SR-2-3-6MP, IR 68, IR 02A127), eight parents population 8way (founders were SAGC-08, HHZ5-SAL9-Y3-Y1, BP1976B-2-3-7-TB-1-1, PR33282-B-8-1-1-1-1-1, FFZ1, CT 16658-5-2-2SR-2-3-6MP, IR 68, IR 02A127), DC12 (DC1+DC2) and rice multi-parent recombinant inbred line population RMPRIL (DC1+DC2+8way)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089917/violation-of-the-sphericity-assumption-and-its-effect-on-type-i-error-rates-in-repeated-measures-anova-and-multi-level-linear-models-mlm
#9
Nicolas Haverkamp, André Beauducel
We investigated the effects of violations of the sphericity assumption on Type I error rates for different methodical approaches of repeated measures analysis using a simulation approach. In contrast to previous simulation studies on this topic, up to nine measurement occasions were considered. Effects of the level of inter-correlations between measurement occasions on Type I error rates were considered for the first time. Two populations with non-violation of the sphericity assumption, one with uncorrelated measurement occasions and one with moderately correlated measurement occasions, were generated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057058/addressing-the-metabolic-stability-of-antituberculars-through-machine-learning
#10
Thomas P Stratton, Alexander L Perryman, Catherine Vilchèze, Riccardo Russo, Shao-Gang Li, Jimmy S Patel, Eric Singleton, Sean Ekins, Nancy Connell, William R Jacobs, Joel S Freundlich
We present the first prospective application of our mouse liver microsomal (MLM) stability Bayesian model. CD117, an antitubercular thienopyrimidine tool compound that suffers from metabolic instability (MLM t1/2 < 1 min), was utilized to assess the predictive power of our new MLM stability model. The S-substituent was removed, a set of commercial reagents was utilized to construct a virtual library of 411 analogues, and our MLM stability model was applied to prioritize 13 analogues for synthesis and biological profiling...
October 12, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048158/efficient-energy-transfer-ent-in-pyrene-and-porphyrin-based-mixed-ligand-metal-organic-frameworks
#11
Kyoung Chul Park, Changwon Seo, Gajendra Gupta, Jeongyong Kim, Chang Yeon Lee
Designing and synthesizing the ordered light-harvesting systems, possessing complementary absorption and energy-transfer process between the chromophores, are essential steps to accomplish successful mimicking of the natural photosynthetic systems. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) can be considered as an ideal system to achieve this due to their highly ordered structure, superior synthetic versatility, and tailorable functionality. Herein, we have synthesized the new light-harvesting mixed-ligand MOFs (MLMs, MLM-1-3) via solvothermal reactions between a Zr6 cluster and a mixture of appropriate ratio of 1,3,6,8-tetrakis(p-benzoic acid)pyrene and [5,10,15,20-tetrakis(4-carboxy-phenyl)porphyrinato]-Zn(II) ligands...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041511/stable-and-wavelength-selectable-c-l-band-fiber-ring-laser-with-single-longitudinal-mode-by-utilizing-c-band-erbium-fiber-amplifier
#12
Chien-Hung Yeh, Yuan-Hong Zhuang, Ning Tsai, Chi-Wai Chow
In the investigation, we propose and demonstrate a wavelength-selectable C- plus L-band erbium-doped fiber (EDF) ring laser with single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) output. Here, a C-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) is utilized to serve as gain medium together with proposed multi-cross-ring (MCR) scheme to extend the wavelength tunability to L-band range. Besides, the MCR can also suppress the multi-longitudinal-mode (MLM) significantly. Therefore, the measured output power and optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) of each lasing wavelength are between -10...
September 4, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033960/evaluation-of-the-cropsyst-model-during-wheat-maize-rotations-on-the-north-china-plain-for-identifying-soil-evaporation-losses
#13
Muhammad Umair, Yanjun Shen, Yongqing Qi, Yucui Zhang, Ayesha Ahmad, Hongwei Pei, Meiying Liu
The North China Plain (NCP) is a major grain production zone that plays a critical role in ensuring China's food supply. Irrigation is commonly used during grain production; however, the high annual water deficit [precipitation (P) minus evapotranspiration (ET)] in typical irrigated cropland does not support double cropping systems (such as maize and wheat) and this has resulted in the steep decline in the water table (~0.8 m year(-1) at the Luancheng station) that has taken place since the 1970s. The current study aimed to adapt and check the ability of the CropSyst model (Suite-4) to simulate actual evapotranspiration (ETa), biomass, and grain yield, and to identify major evaporation (E) losses from winter wheat (WW) and summer maize (SM) rotations...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025391/identification-of-putative-markers-linked-to-grain-plumpness-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l-via-association-mapping
#14
Erbao Liu, Siyuan Zeng, Xiangong Chen, Xiaojing Dang, Lijun Liang, Hui Wang, Zhiyao Dong, Yang Liu, Delin Hong
BACKGROUND: Poor grain plumpness (GP) is one of the main constraints to reaching the yield potential of hybrid rice. RESULTS: In this study, the GP of 177 rice varieties was investigated in three locations across 2 years. By combining the genotype data of 261 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers, association mapping was conducted to identify the marker-GP association loci. Among 31 marker-GP association loci detected in two or more environments and determined using general linear model (GLM) analyses, seven association loci were also detected using mixed linear model (MLM) analyses...
October 12, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979724/depression-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-in-stroke-survivors-and-their-family-caregivers-a-pilot-study-using-an-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#15
Khaw Wan-Fei, Syed Tajuddin Syed Hassan, Lye Munn Sann, Siti Irma Fadhilah Ismail, Rosna Abdul Raman, Faisal Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common in stroke survivors as well as their family caregivers. However, it is not known whether each person's emotional distress contributes to their partner's quality of life (QOL). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effect of depression and anxiety on QOL in stroke survivor-caregiver dyads using dyadic analysis technique - the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional pilot study with a total of 30 participating dyads (30 stroke survivors and 30 family caregivers) from Hospital Rehabilitasi Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941169/three-dimensional-image-analysis-for-staging-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#16
Sooyoung Lim, Michael V Ramirez, Jonathan C Garneau, Megan K Ford, Katherine McKeough, Daniel T Ginat, Fuad M Baroody, Samuel G Armato, Jayant M Pinto
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods of staging chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) through imaging do not differentiate between degrees of partial mucosal sinus inflammation, thus limiting their utility as imaging biomarkers. We hypothesized that software-aided, quantitative measurement of sinus inflammation would generate a metric of disease burden that would correlate with clinical parameters in patients with suspected sinus disease. METHODS: Adults with rhinologic complaints undergoing computed tomography imaging were recruited at an urban, academic, tertiary care center (n = 45 with Lund-Mackay [LM] scores ≥4)...
September 22, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916919/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-metastatic-melanoma
#17
Davit L Aghayan, Airazat M Kazaryan, Åsmund Avdem Fretland, Mushegh A Sahakyan, Bård I Røsok, Bjørn Atle Bjørnbeth, Bjørn Edwin
BACKGROUND: Stage IV metastatic melanoma carries a poor prognosis. In the case of melanoma liver metastasis (MLM), surgical resection may improve survival and represents a therapeutic option, with varying levels of success. Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for metastatic melanoma is poorly studied. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of LLR in patients with MLM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 2000 and August 2013, 11 (1 cutaneous, 9 ocular and 1 unknown primary) patients underwent LLR for MLM at Oslo University Hospital-Rikshospitalet and 13 procedures in total were carried out...
September 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915872/risk-factors-of-chronic-periodontitis-on-healing-response-a-multilevel-modelling-analysis
#18
J Song, H Zhao, C Pan, C Li, J Liu, Y Pan
BACKGROUND: Chronic periodontitis is a multifactorial polygenetic disease with an increasing number of associated factors that have been identified over recent decades. Longitudinal epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that the risk factors were related to the progression of the disease. A traditional multivariate regression model was used to find risk factors associated with chronic periodontitis. However, the approach requirement of standard statistical procedures demands individual independence...
September 15, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877167/measuring-dispositional-flow-validity-and-reliability-of-the-dispositional-flow-state-scale-2-italian-version
#19
Eleonora F M Riva, Giuseppe Riva, Cosimo Talò, Marco Boffi, Nicola Rainisio, Linda Pola, Barbara Diana, Daniela Villani, Luca Argenton, Paolo Inghilleri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Dispositional Flow Scale-2 (DFS-2), for use with Italian adults, young adults and adolescents. METHOD: In accordance with the guidelines for test adaptation, the scale has been translated with the method of back translation. The understanding of the item has been checked according to the latest standards on the culturally sensitive translation. The scale thus produced was administered to 843 individuals (of which 60...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866521/how-do-ancestral-traits-shape-family-trees-over-generations
#20
Siwei Fu, Hao Dong, Weiwei Cui, Jian Zhao, Huamin Qu
Whether and how does the structure of family trees differ by ancestral traits over generations? This is a fundamental question regarding the structural heterogeneity of family trees for the multi-generational transmission research. However, previous work mostly focuses on parent-child scenarios due to the lack of proper tools to handle the complexity of extending the research to multi-generational processes. Through an iterative design study with social scientists and historians, we develop TreeEvo that assists users to generate and test empirical hypotheses for multi-generational research...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
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