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Baxter Healthcare

Julia L Marcus, Roger Baxter, Wendy A Leyden, Dharushana Muthulingam, Arnold Yee, Michael A Horberg, Daniel B Klein, William J Towner, Chun R Chao, Charles P Quesenberry, Michael J Silverberg
It is unclear whether HIV-infected individuals remain at higher risk of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) compared with HIV-uninfected individuals. We conducted a cohort study of HIV-infected and demographically matched HIV-uninfected adults within Kaiser Permanente Northern California during the period 1996-2011. We used Poisson models to obtain rate ratios (RRs) for incident IPD associated with HIV infection and other risk factors. Among 13,079 HIV-infected and 137,643 HIV-uninfected adults, the IPD rate per 100,000 person-years was 160 (n = 109 events) for HIV-infected and 8 (n = 75 events) for HIV-uninfected subjects, with an adjusted RR of 13...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
William R Clark, Francesco Garzotto, Mauro Neri, Anna Lorenzin, Marta Zaccaria, Claudio Ronco
PURPOSE: Dialysis is a highly quantitative therapy involving large volumes of both clinical and technical data. While automated data collection has been implemented for chronic dialysis, this has not been done for acute kidney injury patients treated with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). METHODS: After a brief review of the fundamental aspects of electronic medical records (EMRs), a new tool designed to provide clinicians with individualized CRRT treatment data is analyzed, with emphasis on its quality assurance capabilities...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Jodie Oliver-Baxter, Lynsey Brown, Ellen McIntyre
Primary healthcare research strives for high-quality, priority-driven research to inform policy and practice. This relies on a robust and sustainable workforce to tackle complex problems faced in primary health care locally and globally. The current study investigated characteristics, experiences and career paths of the Australian primary healthcare research workforce. Thirty-seven former Research Higher Degree students from University Departments of General Practice and Rural Health completed a survey. Number of provisions for researchers and career path clarity were associated with job satisfaction...
October 14, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Christine Dennis, Pamela Baxter, Jenny Ploeg, Susan Blatz
AIMS: A discussion of partnership in the context of family centered care in the acute paediatric setting, through a critical analysis of partnership models. BACKGROUND: Paediatric healthcare practitioners understand the importance of family centered care, but struggle with how to translate the core tenets into action and are confused by several rival terms. Partnering relationships are included in definitions of family centered care, yet less is known about strategies to fully engage or support parents in these partnerships...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Laure Peyro Saint Paul, Maxence Ficheux, Danièle Debruyne, Magalie Loilier, Nicolas Bouvier, Rémy Morello, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Renaud Verdon, François Fournel, Vincent Cattoir, Thierry Lobbedez
♦ Background: Antibiotics are preferentially delivered via the peritoneal route to treat peritoneal dialysis-related peritonitis (PDRP) to ensure that maximal concentrations are delivered to the site of infection. Our study focused on the pharmacokinetics of daptomycin (DAP) administered via the intraperitoneal (IP) route in patients with PDRP. ♦ Methods: According to the DaptoDP protocol (Clinical Trial No. 2012-005699-33), IP DAP was administered daily, i.e., during the 6-h Nutrineal (Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Deerfield, IL, USA) dwell time period, for 14 days, in addition to administration of the antibiotics used for the usual care of patients with PDRP...
September 28, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Manuel Kussmann, Linda Schuster, Sarah Wrenger, Petra Pichler, Gottfried Reznicek, Heinz Burgmann, Wolfgang Poeppl, Markus Zeitlinger, Martin Wiesholzer
♦ Background: Peritonitis is a major problem among patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). The influence of diverse PD fluids on the activity of frequently used antibiotics has been insufficiently investigated. Thus, the present study set out to investigate the impact of different PD fluids on the activity of cefepime, ciprofloxacin, ertapenem, meropenem, and tobramycin against Escherichia coli. ♦ Methods: Time-kill curves in 4 different PD fluids (Dianeal PDG4, Extraneal, Nutrineal PD4 and Physioneal 40, all Baxter Healthcare Corp...
September 28, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Anna Trisia Beby, Tom Cornelis, Raymund Zinck, Frank Xiaoqing Liu
INTRODUCTION: In the Netherlands, the current standard of care for treating patients with end-stage renal disease is three sessions of in-center hemodialysis (conventional ICHD). However, the literature indicates that high dose hemodialysis (high dose HD) may provide better health outcome such as survival and quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of high dose HD, both in-center and at home, in comparison to conventional ICHD from a Dutch payer's perspective over a 5 year period...
September 23, 2016: Advances in Therapy
Ellen McIntyre, Katrina Erny-Albrecht, Christina Hagger, Petra Bywood, Lynsey Brown, Jodie Oliver-Baxter
BACKGROUND: The use of relevant quality research and evidence to inform policy and practice is complex, takes time and requires skill. Over the past 20 years, a knowledge exchange organisation (the Primary Health Care Research and Information Service [PHCRIS]) has developed, implemented and evaluated ways to accelerate the use of research and evidence to strengthen Australian primary healthcare and thereby enhance health. OBJECTIVE: This paper outlines how PHCRIS operates to accelerate the use of research and evidence in primary healthcare policy and practice...
September 2016: Australian Family Physician
Martin Wiesholzer, Alexandra Winter, Manuel Kussmann, Markus Zeitlinger, Petra Pichler, Heinz Burgmann, Gottfried Reznicek, Wolfgang Poeppl
♦ Background: Intraperitoneal administration of antimicrobial agents is recommended for the treatment of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. For home-based antimicrobial therapy it is common to supply patients with PD fluid bags with admixed antibiotic. Thus, the compatibility of meropenem with different PD fluids (PDFs), namely Extraneal, Physioneal 1.36% and Physioneal 2.27% (all Baxter Healthcare Corp., Deerfield, IL, USA), was investigated under varying storage conditions. ♦ Methods: Meropenem (Venus Pharma, Werne, Germany) was stored at 6°C and 25°C over 14 days and at 37°C over 24 hours...
September 7, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Barrett R Park, Damon R Kuehl
We report a case of traumatic arterial hemorrhage from the posterior urethral artery, refractory to traditional hemostatic technique, and successfully managed with intraurethral thrombin hemostatic matrix (FloSeal [Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Deerfield, Illinois, US]). We believe that this demonstrates a safe, effective therapy for urethral hemorrhage that may be accomplished by Emergency Physicians and may preclude the need for more invasive hemorrhage control strategies.
September 3, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Richard Egan, Rod MacLeod, Chrystal Jaye, Rob McGee, Joanne Baxter, Peter Herbison, Sarah Wood
OBJECTIVE: International studies have shown that patients want their spiritual needs attended to at the end of life. The present authors developed a project to investigate people's understanding of spirituality and spiritual care practices in New Zealand (NZ) hospices. METHOD: A mixed-methods approach included 52 semistructured interviews and a survey of 642 patients, family members, and staff from 25 (78%) of NZ's hospices. We employed a generic qualitative design and analysis to capture the experiences and understandings of participants' spirituality and spiritual care, while a cross-sectional survey yielded population level information...
August 30, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Naoya Yamaguchi, Keiichi Miyamoto, Tomohiro Murata, Eiji Ishikawa, Takashi Horiuchi
A two-compartment system (NICOPELIQ; NICO, Terumo Co., Tokyo, Japan) has recently been developed to neutralize icodextrin peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF). In this study, a nonclinical evaluation of NICO was carried out to evaluate biocompatibility as well as water transport ability. Glucose degradation products (GDPs) in the icodextrin PDFs were analyzed via high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The cell viability of human peritoneal mesothelial cells derived from peritoneal dialysis effluent (PDE-HPMCs) was evaluated as well as the amount of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) released after exposure to different PDFs (NICO and EXTRANEAL [EX, Baxter Healthcare Corp...
August 2016: Artificial Organs
Luca Weltert, Salvatore D'Aleo, Ilaria Chirichilli, Mauro Falco, Franco Turani, Alessandro Bellisario, Ruggero De Paulis
OBJECTIVE: Hemostasis is a critical component of all surgical procedures and especially cardiac surgery. In addition to traditional means, topical hemostatic agents have been reported to be extremely effective in terminating bleeding during cardiac procedures. We compared a hemostatic matrix sealant agent (HEMOPATCH Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Deerfield, IL) with alternative topical hemostatic treatment in patients undergoing ascending aorta surgery with moderate bleeding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following sample size calculation, in a prospective randomized study design, 85 patients were treated with HEMOPATCH matrix sealant and 85 patients received alternative treatment (dry or wet gauze compression or similar [control group])...
July 29, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Stephanie Klinkenberg-Ramirez, Pamela M Neri, Lynn A Volk, Sara J Samaha, Lisa P Newmark, Stephanie Pollard, Matthew Varugheese, Samantha Baxter, Samuel J Aronson, Heidi L Rehm, David W Bates
BACKGROUND: Partners HealthCare Personalized Medicine developed GeneInsight Clinic (GIC), a tool designed to communicate updated variant information from laboratory geneticists to treating clinicians through automated alerts, categorized by level of variant interpretation change. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to evaluate feedback from the initial users of the GIC, including the advantages and challenges to receiving this variant information and using this technology at the point of care...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Sujata Chakravarti, Yasir Al-Qaqaa, Meghan Faulkner, Puneet Bhatla, Michael Argilla, Michelle Ramirez
Fluid overload (FO) is a common complication for pediatric patients in the intensive care unit. When conventional therapy fails, hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is classically used for fluid removal. Unfortunately, these therapies are often associated with cardiovascular or respiratory instability. Ultrafiltration, using devices such as the Aquadex™ system (Baxter Healthcare, Deerfield, IL, USA), is an effective tool for fluid removal in adult patients with congestive heart failure. As compared to hemodialysis, ultrafiltration can be performed using smaller catheters, and the extracorporeal volume and minimal blood flow rates are lower...
June 15, 2016: Pediatric Reports
Katelyn Cohen, Sarah Capponi, Mazvita Nyamukapa, Jason Baxter, Albert Crawford, Brett Worly
Objectives Healthcare provider focus often rests solely on a pregnant woman, while a woman's partner may prove to be an ally in a pregnant woman's health behaviors. The objective of this study is to assess the role of partner support and other demographic factors affecting alcohol and drug use in pregnancy. Methods This cross-sectional cohort study at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital evaluated pregnant women and their partners and obtained sociodemographic information, medical history, tobacco and alcohol use, and results from the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ)...
July 15, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Roger Baxter, John Hansen, Julius Timbol, Vitali Pool, David P Greenberg, David R Johnson, Michael D Decker
An observational post-licensure (Phase IV) retrospective large-database safety study was conducted at Kaiser Permanente, a US integrated medical care organization, to assess the safety of Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid and 5-Component Acellular Pertussis Vaccine (Tdap5) administered as part of routine healthcare among adolescents and adults. We evaluated incidence rates of various clinical events resulting in outpatient clinic, emergency department (ED), and hospital visits during various time intervals (windows) following Tdap5 vaccination using two pharmacoepidemiological methods (risk interval and historic cohort) and several screening thresholds...
July 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Tabo Sikaneta, George Wu, Mohamed Abdolell, Anita Ng, Sara Mahdavi, Anton Svendrovski, Tony Tu, Trish Mercer, Matthew Tong, Dimitrios Oreopoulos, Paul Tam
UNLABELLED:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Residual renal function (RRF) correlates with mortality and morbidity rates in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD). We examined the effect of a biocompatible PD solution (Gambrosol Trio; Gambro Lundia AB, Lund, Sweden) with lower concentrations of glucose degradation products on rates of decline in RRF. ♦ DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: Incident patients at 2 centers in Canada and 1 in Hong Kong were randomized (by minimization) in an open-label parallel group trial to receive Gambrosol Trio or standard PD solution (Dianeal; Baxter Healthcare, Mississauga, Canada) for 2 years...
September 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Yvonne Corcoran, Prof Owen Barr, Rosario Baxter
UNLABELLED: Theme: Complex health care and chronic disease management. INTRODUCTION: Increasing numbers of children with complex healthcare needs who are also dependent on medical technology are surviving and being cared for at home by their parents. AIM: To gain an in-depth understanding of the lives of parents and the impact of their caregiver role on their family when they care for their child at home. METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological design was deployed to interpret the narratives of sixteen parents through interviews and digital audio diaries...
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Jodie Oliver-Baxter, Lynsey Brown, Paresh Dawda
This paper provides an overview of quality improvement in healthcare in an Australian context. Specifically, the paper considers issues around defining, quantifying, recording and incentivising quality improvement and accountability in primary healthcare. The role of newly emerging Primary Health Networks provides a context for the discussion. The paper draws on international learnings that provide a framework for examining the important elements of quality improvement among reforming primary healthcare organisations in order to support healthcare providers and offer an evidence base for policy makers and peak bodies moving forward...
May 23, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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