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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454194/-influence-of-operative-and-conservative-therapy-on-the-ability-to-work-of-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-a-prospective-clinical-comparative-study
#1
Christoph Schulze, Hans Christian Köhler, Alexander Kaltenborn, André Gutcke, Thomas Tischer
Background Subacromial impingement is a common reason for pain in the shoulder. Treatment is difficult and patients are not able to work for a long time. An increasing number of operative treatments can be observed although conservative treatment is effective, too. There is no study that observed how operative and conservative treatment influence ability to work. Methods 86 persons were included in this prospective study. Surgery was performed with an arthroscopy of the shoulder. Conservative treatment was carried out by a physiotherapist under control of the physician...
April 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454191/-distress-main-burdens-engagement-motivators-and-needs-of-fulltime-and-volunteer-refugee-aid-workers
#2
Theresa Grimm, Ekaterini Georgiadou, Andrea Silbermann, Katharina Junker, Winfried Nisslbeck, Yesim Erim
In the psychosomatic department of the University Hospital of Erlangen trainings were conducted for active refugee aid workers with start in January, 2016. Meanwhile 49 helpers participated in the training and 45 of them filled out a survey questionnaire. Perceived distress when providing care for refugees, as well as engagement motivation and further training needs were explored. Furthermore, depressive symptoms as well as the prevalence of traumatic experiences were investigated. The main burden was experienced through lacking freedom of action on the background of legal regulations...
April 28, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453916/digital-technology-and-clinical-decision-making-in-depression-treatment-current-findings-and-future-opportunities
#3
REVIEW
Kevin A Hallgren, Amy M Bauer, David C Atkins
Clinical decision making encompasses a broad set of processes that contribute to the effectiveness of depression treatments. There is emerging interest in using digital technologies to support effective and efficient clinical decision making. In this paper, we provide "snapshots" of research and current directions on ways that digital technologies can support clinical decision making in depression treatment. Practical facets of clinical decision making are reviewed, then research, design, and implementation opportunities where technology can potentially enhance clinical decision making are outlined...
April 28, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453893/who-are-the-support-persons-of-haematological-cancer-survivors-and-how-is-their-performance-perceived
#4
Alix Hall, Marita Lynagh, Mariko Carey, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Elise Mansfield
OBJECTIVE: To explore: (i) how haematological cancer survivors and their support persons perceive the overall performance of the support person; (ii) disagreement between survivor and support person ratings; and (iii) characteristics associated with support persons rating their performance poorly. METHODS: This is a sub-study of a larger project of Australian haematological cancer survivors and their support persons. For this sub-study haematological cancer survivors were recruited from four Australian population-based cancer registries and asked to pass on a questionnaire package to their support persons...
April 28, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453822/evaluation-of-a-novel-mentor-program-to-improve-surgical-care-for-us-hospitals
#5
Julia R Berian, Juliana M Thomas, Christina A Minami, Paula R Farrell, Kevin J O'Leary, Mark V Williams, Vivek N Prachand, Amy L Halverson, Karl Y Bilimoria, Julie K Johnson
Objective: To evaluate a novel mentor program for 27 US surgeons, charged with improving quality at their respective hospitals, having been paired 1:1 with 27 surgeon mentors through a state-wide quality improvement (QI) initiative. Design: Mixed-methods utilizing quantitative surveys and in-depth semi-structured interviews. Setting: The Illinois Surgical Quality Improvement Collaborative (ISQIC) utilized a novel Mentor Program to guide surgeons new to QI...
April 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453497/rasch-analysis-of-a-behavioral-checklist-for-the-assessment-of-pain-in-critically-ill-adults
#6
Christophe Chenier, Gilles Raiche, Nadine Talbot, Bianca Carignan, Celine Gelinas
Patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) are often unable to report their pain, which is a problem since untreated pain is associated with negative health outcomes. The use of behavioral pain scales are recommended for the detection of the presence of pain in this vulnerable population. Previous validation studies have used classical techniques, and several psychometrics properties remain unknown. In this paper, data obtained from a behavioral checklist of dichotomized items was utilized to evaluate the instrument's dimensionality, its construct validity and its capacity to distinguish between levels of pain by using Rasch measurement...
2017: Journal of Applied Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449385/linkage-to-hiv-care-after-home-based-hiv-counselling-and-testing-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Eugene Ruzagira, Kathy Baisley, Anatoli Kamali, Samuel Biraro, Heiner Grosskurth
BACKGROUND: Home-based HIV counselling and testing (HBHCT) has the potential to increase HIV testing uptake in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) but data on linkage to HIV care after HBHCT are scarce. We conducted a systematic review of linkage to care after HBHCT in SSA. METHODS: Five databases were searched for studies published between 1(st) January 2000 and 19(th) August 2016 that reported on linkage to care among adults newly identified with HIV infection through HBHCT...
April 27, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449049/professional-burnout-in-european-young-oncologists-results-of-the-european-society-for-medical-oncology-esmo-young-oncologists-committee-burnout-survey
#8
S Banerjee, R Califano, J Corral, E de Azambuja, L De Mattos-Arruda, V Guarneri, M Hutka, K Jordan, E Martinelli, G Mountzios, M A Ozturk, M Petrova, S Postel-Vinay, M Preusser, C Qvortrup, M N M Volkov, J Tabernero, D Olmos, M H Strijbos
Background: Burnout in health care professionals could have serious negative consequences on quality of patient care, professional satisfaction and personal life. Our aim was to investigate the burnout prevalence, work and lifestyle factors potentially affecting burnout amongst European oncologists ≤40 (YOs). Methods: A survey was conducted using the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and additional questions exploring work/lifestyle factors. Statistical analyses were performed to identify factors associated with burnout...
April 25, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448980/-the-concept-of-integrative-and-personalized-health-care
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448950/promoting-innovation-in-small-markets-evidence-from-the-market-for-rare-and-intractable-diseases
#10
Toshiaki Iizuka, Gyo Uchida
In many medical care markets with limited profit potential, firms often have little incentive to innovate. These include the market for rare diseases, "neglected" tropical diseases, and personalized medicine. Governments and not-for-profit organizations promote innovation in such markets but empirical evidence on the policy effect is limited. We study this issue by analyzing the impact of a demand-side policy in Japan, which reduces the cost sharing of patients with some rare and intractable diseases and attempts to establish and promote the treatment of those diseases...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448942/assessing-knowledge-of-symptoms-and-first-aid-care-of-epilepsy-in-grenada-west-indies
#11
Sean C Cofano, Disep Ojukwu, Natasha Mozumdar, Zainab Raza, Shipra Saigal, Shashank Musku, Safwan Zar, Michael Merolla, Tuula O Jalonen
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is increasingly prevalent in developing countries. It is critical to provide appropriate support to patients during seizures in order to prevent injuries. False beliefs regarding the etiology or pathogenesis of the epilepsy and inadequate health information may put patients with epilepsy or other seizure disorders at increased risk of injury. Our objective was to assess the level of epilepsy awareness amongst the general population in Grenada and educate the participants regarding proper first-aid measures...
April 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448903/violence-trauma-and-living-with-hiv-longitudinal-predictors-of-initiating-crystal-methamphetamine-injection-among-sex-workers
#12
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Braschel, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid increases in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use worldwide and established gendered patterns of use, empirical research on CM injection initiation among sex workers is limited. Given the wide range of harms associated with CM, alongside stimulant effects including sexual dis-inhibition and prolonged awake-ness, this study aimed to longitudinally investigate socio-structural predictors of initiating CM injection among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data (2010-2014) were drawn from a community-based cohort of women sex workers: AESHA (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access)...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448781/assessment-of-clinical-pharmacy-interventions-to-reduce-outpatient-use-of-high-risk-medications-in-the-elderly
#13
Sarah C Weddle, A Shaun Rowe, Julie W Jeter, Rachel C Renwick, Shaunta' M Chamberlin, Andrea S Franks
BACKGROUND: Use of high-risk medications in the elderly (HRME) and drug-disease (Rx-DIS) interactions in the elderly, as defined by the Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) Measures, are significantly associated with mortality, hospital admission, and need for emergency care. No published studies to date evaluate interventions to reduce the use of HEDIS-defined HRME, although many studies have postulated a beneficial effect of such interventions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pharmacist interventions on use of HRME and Rx-DIS interactions in the outpatient elderly population...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448669/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-primary-eye-care
#14
David C Neely, Kevin J Bray, Carrie E Huisingh, Mark E Clark, Gerald McGwin, Cynthia Owsley
Importance: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision impairment in older adults in the United States, yet little is known about whether AMD is appropriately diagnosed in primary eye care. Objectives: To examine the prevalence of eyes with AMD in patients seen in primary eye care clinics who purportedly have normal macular health per their medical record and the association of AMD with patient and physician characteristics...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448509/better-than-counting-seconds-identifying-fallers-among-healthy-elderly-using-fusion-of-accelerometer-features-and-dual-task-timed-up-and-go
#15
Moacir Ponti, Patricia Bet, Caroline L Oliveira, Paula C Castro
Devices and sensors for identification of fallers can be used to implement actions to prevent falls and to allow the elderly to live an independent life while reducing the long-term care costs. In this study we aimed to investigate the accuracy of Timed Up and Go test, for fallers' identification, using fusion of features extracted from accelerometer data. Single and dual tasks TUG (manual and cognitive) were performed by a final sample (94% power) of 36 community dwelling healthy older persons (18 fallers paired with 18 non-fallers) while they wear a single triaxial accelerometer at waist with sampling rate of 200Hz...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448482/diabetes-self-management-education-programs-in-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#16
Stephanie A Rutledge, Svetlana Masalovich, Rachel J Blacher, Magon M Saunders
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is a clinical practice intended to improve preventive practices and behaviors with a focus on decision-making, problem-solving, and self-care. The distribution and correlates of established DSME programs in nonmetropolitan counties across the United States have not been previously described, nor have the characteristics of the nonmetropolitan counties with DSME programs. REPORTING PERIOD: July 2016. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEMS: DSME programs recognized by the American Diabetes Association or accredited by the American Association of Diabetes Educators (i...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448466/multiplexed-electrochemical-immunosensors-for-clinical-biomarkers
#17
REVIEW
Paloma Yáñez-Sedeño, Susana Campuzano, José M Pingarrón
Management and prognosis of disease requires the accurate determination of specific biomarkers indicative of normal or disease-related biological processes or responses to therapy. Moreover since multiple determinations of biomarkers have demonstrated to provide more accurate information than individual determinations to assist the clinician in prognosis and diagnosis, the detection of several clinical biomarkers by using the same analytical device hold enormous potential for early detection and personalized therapy and will simplify the diagnosis providing more information in less time...
April 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448266/a-prospective-randomized-blinded-controlled-trial-comparing-transdermal-continuous-oxygen-delivery-to-moist-wound-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#18
Vickie R Driver, Alexander Reyzelman, Jill Kawalec, Michael French
Worldwide, diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) continue to exact a major burden on patients and health care providers. Although hyperbaric oxygen therapy is well-known as an adjunct option, less is known about the efficacy of transdermal continuous oxygen therapy (TCOT). A prospective, randomized, blinded, multicenter, parallel study was conducted from October 2009 to November 2012 to evaluate healing time and the proportion of DFUs healed after 12 weeks of moist wound therapy (MWT) with or without TCOT. Study participants (persons with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and a nonhealing [>1-month but <1-year duration], 1 cm² to 10 cm² in area, infection-free DFU) were randomized to TCOT or a sham device (control) in addition to receiving MWT...
April 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448231/can-completing-a-mental-health-nursing-course-change-students-attitudes
#19
Todd Hastings, Margaret Kroposki, Gail Williams
Nursing program graduates rarely choose mental health nursing as a career. A quasi-experimental study was conducted to examine attitudes of 310 nursing students towards persons with mental illness. Students completed surveys on the first and last days of their program's psychiatric mental health nursing course. The pre- and post-test survey analysis indicated that students improved their attitude, knowledge and preparedness to care for persons with mental illness. However, students maintained little interest in working as a mental health nurse...
May 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448225/online-positive-thinking-training-intervention-for-caregivers-of-individuals-with-asd-necessity-acceptability-and-feasibility
#20
Abir K Bekhet
BACKGROUND: More than 3.5 million people in the United States are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Caring for children with ASD can be stressful and can be detrimental to the well-being of the caregivers (CGs). However, the adverse effects of caregiving on the well-being of CGs may be avoided with appropriate interventions. CGs of persons with ASD might benefit from a positive thinking training (PTT) intervention to help them cope with the stress of caregiving. However, the necessity, acceptability and feasibility for PTT in ASD CGs have not been studied...
May 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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