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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783244/some-features-of-the-behavior-of-alcohol-dependent-persons
#1
Ihor М Karpinets, Oksana V Marusyn
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Alcoholism is characterized by psychological dependence and changes in human behavior, which affects the person's relationship with the social environment. The aim: to determine the behavior of alcohol dependent persons basing on the retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: On the basis of narcological offices of healthcare establishments and narcological clinic in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast, 552 people being in follow-up by a narcologist as addicted or abused have been examined for a specially developed extended program based on a standardized AUDIT screening test...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783217/-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-professional-oral-hygiene
#2
Volodymyr S Melnik, Lyudmila F Horzov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Health care is important in all age groups. Good hygienic care is a vital aspect of it. The examination of the dental status in different groups of the adult population records low hygienic indicators, including those of young age. Against this backdrop, there is an urgent need to increase the role of professional hygiene of the oral cavity. The aim: The aim of the study. Identify the clinical and economic aspects of occupational hygiene in young people between the ages of 22 and 35...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783213/-socioecological-features-of-the-epidemiology-of-sarcoidosis-in-the-poltava-region-ukraine
#3
Dmytro M Boiko, Volodymyr H Pecherytsia, Oksana S Boiko, Svitlana M Kulyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Lung sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease that can affect various organs and systems of a person. Due to the lack of a uniform standardized approach to the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, the epidemiological pattern is heterogeneous and depends on many factors. The aim: To investigate the correlation between the number of patients with sarcoidosis among the population of the Poltava region (Ukraine) and the ecological characteristics of the industrial activity of the region in comparison with the data on the availability of subspecialists in respiratory diseases...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783091/mind-at-home-streamlined-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-trial-of-home-based-care-coordination-for-persons-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers
#4
Quincy M Samus, Betty Smith Black, Melissa Reuland, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Laura Pizzi, Kevin D Frick, David L Roth, Laura N Gitlin, Constantine G Lyketsos, Deirdre Johnston
BACKGROUND: Dementia is associated with high health care costs, premature long-term care (LTC) placement, medical complications, reduced quality of life, and caregiver burden. Most health care providers and systems are not yet organized or equipped to provide comprehensive long-term care management for dementia, although a range of effective symptoms and supportive care approaches exist. The Maximizing Independence at Home-Streamlined (MIND-S) is a promising model of home-based dementia care coordination designed to efficiently improve person-centered outcomes, while reducing care costs...
May 18, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783004/-the-thing-that-really-gets-me-is-the-future-symptomatology-in-older-homeless-adults-in-the-hope-home-study
#5
Adam Bazari, Maria Patanwala, Lauren M Kaplan, Colette L Auerswald, Margot B Kushel
CONTEXT: The homeless population is aging. Older homeless adults experience premature development of age-related conditions and an elevated symptom burden. Little is known about symptom experience among older homeless adults. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the experience, understanding, and management of physical, psychological, social (e.g. loneliness), and existential (e.g. regret, loss of dignity) symptoms among older homeless adults. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews from June 2016 through March 2017 with a purposive sample of participants from the HOPE HOME cohort, a longitudinal study of homeless adults ages 50 and older...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781806/the-need-for-understanding-and-engaging-the-patient-as-consumer-of-products-developed-by-neural-engineering
#6
Jennifer French, J Luis Lujan, Dawn Bardot, Emily Lauren Graczyk, Allison Hess-Dunning, Ronald J Triolo, Megan Moynahan, Winny Tan, Adeline Zbrzeski
Neural Engineering is a discipline at the intersection of neuroscience, engineering, and clinical care. Recent major efforts by government and industry aimed at bringing forth personalized therapies, increasing the potential of the neural engineering industry for future growth, eg. the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative and Stimulating Peripheral Activity to Relieve Conditions (SPARC) Common Fund Program, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Electrical Prescriptions (ElectRx) and Systems-Based Neurotechnology for Emerging Therapies (SUBNETS) Programs, and the GlaxoSmithKline Bioelectric Medicines Initiative...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781782/construct-validity-of-the-mealtime-scan-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-making-most-of-mealtimes-m3-study
#7
Sabrina Iuglio, Heather Keller, Habib Chaudhury, Susan E Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Jill Morrison, Veronique Boscart, Natalie Carrier
Long-term care (LTC) physical and psychosocial mealtime environments have been inconsistently assessed due to the lack of a standardized measure. The purpose of this study was to examine the construct validity of a new standardized observational measure, the Mealtime Scan (MTS), using the Making Most of Mealtimes data collected on 639 residents in 82 dining rooms in 32 LTC homes. The MTS includes physical, social, and person-centered care summary scales scored from 1 to 8. Mean ratings on these summary scales were moderate for physical (5...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781692/significance-of-mental-health-legislation-for-successful-primary-care-for-mental-health-and-community-mental-health-services-a-review
#8
Getinet Ayano
BACKGROUND:  Mental health legislation (MHL) is required to ensure a regulatory framework for mental health services and other providers of treatment and care, and to ensure that the public and people with a mental illness are afforded protection from the often-devastating consequences of mental illness. AIMS:  To provide an overview of evidence on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health servicesMethod: A qualitative review of the literature on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health services was conducted...
March 29, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781682/factors-influencing-regular-physical-exercise-among-the-elderly-in-residential-care-facilities-in-a-south-african-health-district
#9
Abiodun A Aro, Sam Agbo, Olufemi B Omole
BACKGROUND:  Physical exercise plays an important role in healthy ageing, but the elderly do not engage in it regularly. METHODS:  In this cross-sectional study, we sampled 139 residents of residential care facility. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on participants' demography, health problems, nature, motivators and barriers to exercise. Chi-square test examined the relationship between participants' characteristics and their engagement in regular exercise...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781656/veterans-experiences-initiating-va-based-mental-health-care
#10
Michelle J Bovin, Christopher J Miller, Christopher J Koenig, Jessica M Lipschitz, Kara A Zamora, Patricia B Wright, Jeffrey M Pyne, James F Burgess
Military veterans who could benefit from mental health services often do not access them. Research has revealed a range of barriers associated with initiating United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care, including those specific to accessing mental health care (e.g., fear of stigmatization). More work is needed to streamline access to VA mental health-care services for veterans. In the current study, we interviewed 80 veterans from 9 clinics across the United States about initiation of VA mental health care to identify barriers to access...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781655/mental-health-and-retention-in-hiv-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Cherie R Rooks-Peck, Adebukola H Adegbite, Megan E Wichser, Rebecca Ramshaw, Mary M Mullins, Darrel Higa, Theresa Ann Sipe
OBJECTIVE: Mental health (MH) diagnoses, which are prevalent among persons living with HIV infection, might be linked to failed retention in HIV care. This review synthesized the quantitative evidence regarding associations between MH diagnoses or symptoms and retention in HIV care, as well as determined if MH service utilization (MHSU) is associated with improved retention in HIV care. METHOD: A comprehensive search of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's HIV/AIDS Prevention Research Synthesis database of electronic (e...
June 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781579/poverty-neighborhoods-persistent-stress-and-sle-outcomes-a-qualitative-study-of-the-patients-perspective
#12
Edward Yelin, Laura Trupin, Jared Bunde, Jinoos Yazdany
OBJECTIVE: To obtain the perspective of individuals with SLE about the role of poverty, neighborhood, and chronic stress in SLE outcomes. METHODS: 723 persons with SLE were followed from 2003-2015 through annual structured interviews as part of the Lupus Outcomes Study to establish the effect of combinations of poverty, persistent poverty, living in an area of concentrated poverty, access to health care, and chronic stress on accumulated damage. We sampled 28 from the 723 on the basis of household income, geography, and outcomes in their last interview, and administered qualitative interviews to explore their perspectives on these factors on outcomes...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781548/multi-omics-in-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer-biomarkers-from-genome-to-the-immunome
#13
Cole Clifford, Natasha Vitkin, Sarah Nersesian, Gillian Reid-Schachter, Julie-Ann Francis, Madhuri Koti
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a lethal gynaecological disease that imposes significant burden on health care and patient quality of life. High-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary (HGSC) is the most prevalent histological type of EOC. A vast majority of HGSC cases are diagnosed at late stages of the disease, limiting the opportunity for clinical intervention and resulting in a 10-year survival rate of <20%. Recent innovations in high-throughput molecular analysis of patient-derived specimens may address these clinical challenges by providing an enhanced understanding of the molecular aetiology of ovarian cancer, in addition to offering several opportunities for rational biomarker and targeted therapy discovery...
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781459/family-caregivers-a-qualitative-study-to-better-understand-the-quality-of-life-concerns-and-needs-of-this-population
#14
Betty R Ferrell, Kate Kravitz, Tami Borneman, Ellen Taratoot Friedmann
BACKGROUND: While providing physical, psychological, and spiritual care to their loved ones with cancer, family caregivers (FCGs) are physically and emotionally vulnerable to the tolls of caregiving. Patients and FCGs experience the uncertainty that comes with illness and treatment, its side effects, the lack of control, the emotional upheaval, the spiritual doubt, and the helplessness of advancing disease. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to better understand the quality-of-life needs of the FCG population, particularly those who encounter financial strain related to patients' cancer and treatment...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781248/the-role-of-3d-printing-in-treating-craniomaxillofacial-congenital-anomalies
#15
REVIEW
Christopher D Lopez, Lukasz Witek, Andrea Torroni, Roberto L Flores, David B Demissie, Simon Young, Bruce N Cronstein, Paulo G Coelho
Craniomaxillofacial congenital anomalies comprise approximately one third of all congenital birth defects and include deformities such as alveolar clefts, craniosynostosis, and microtia. Current surgical treatments commonly require the use of autogenous graft material which are difficult to shape, limited in supply, associated with donor site morbidity and cannot grow with a maturing skeleton. Our group has demonstrated that 3D printed bio-ceramic scaffolds can generate vascularized bone within large, critical-sized defects (defects too large to heal spontaneously) of the craniomaxillofacial skeleton...
May 20, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781149/supporting-advanced-dementia-in-people-with-down-syndrome-and-other-intellectual-disability-consensus-statement-of-the-international-summit-on-intellectual-disability-and-dementia
#16
M McCarron, P McCallion, A Coppus, J Fortea, S Stemp, M Janicki, K Wtachman
BACKGROUND: The International Summit on Intellectual Disability and Dementia (Glasgow, Scotland; October 2016) noted that advanced dementia can be categorised as that stage of dementia progression characterised by significant losses in cognitive and physical function, including a high probability of further deterioration and leading to death. METHOD: The question before the Summit was whether there were similarities and differences in expressions of advanced dementia between adults with intellectual disability (ID) and adults in the general population...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781100/factors-associated-with-breast-mri-use-among-women-with-a-family-history-of-breast-cancer
#17
Mary C White, Ashwini Soman, Clarice R Weinberg, Juan L Rodriguez, Susan A Sabatino, Lucy A Peipins, Lisa DeRoo, Hazel B Nichols, M Elizabeth Hodgson, Dale P Sandler
Although annual breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is recommended for women at high risk for breast cancer as an adjunct to screening mammography, breast MRI use remains low. We examined factors associated with breast MRI use in a cohort of women with a family history of breast cancer but no personal cancer history. Study participants came from the Sister Study cohort, a nationwide, prospective study of women with at least 1 sister who had been diagnosed with breast cancer but who themselves had not ever had breast cancer (n = 17 894)...
May 20, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780963/the-cochlear-implant-and-possibilities-for-narrowing-the-remaining-gaps-between-prosthetic-and-normal-hearing
#18
Blake S Wilson
Background: The cochlear implant has become the standard of care for severe or worse losses in hearing and indeed has produced the first substantial restoration of a lost or absent human sense using a medical intervention. However, the devices are not perfect and many efforts to narrow the remaining gaps between prosthetic and normal hearing are underway. Objective: To assess the present status of cochlear implants and to describe possibilities for improving them...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780862/hospitalization-in-people-with-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-frequency-duration-and-cost-implications
#19
Christoph Mueller, Gayan Perera, Anto P Rajkumar, Manorama Bhattarai, Annabel Price, John T O'Brien, Clive Ballard, Robert Stewart, Dag Aarsland
Introduction: Increased hospitalization is a major component of dementia impact on individuals and cost, but has rarely been studied in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Our aim was to describe the risk and duration of hospital admissions in patients with DLB, and compare these to those in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the general population. Methods: A large database of mental health and dementia care in South London was used to assemble a cohort of patients diagnosed with DLB...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780033/public-attitudes-in-england-towards-the-sharing-of-personal-data-following-a-mass-casualty-incident-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
G James Rubin, Rebecca Webster, Antonia N Rubin, Richard Amlot, Nick Grey, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess public attitudes towards data sharing to facilitate a mental health screening programme for people caught up in a mass casualty incident. DESIGN: Two, identical, cross-sectional, online surveys, using quotas to ensure demographic representativeness of people aged 18-65 years in England. Participants were randomly allocated to consider a scenario in which they witness a terrorism-related radiation incident or mass shooting, after which a police officer records their contact details...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
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