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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926912/cranioplasty-after-craniectomy-in-a-pediatric-population-single-center-experience-from-a-developing-country
#1
Muhammad Waqas, Badar Ujjan, Yousaf Bashir Hadi, Faizuddin Najmuddin, Altaf Ali Laghari, Swaleha Khalid, Muhammad Ehsan Bari, Umar Farooq Bhatti
Cranioplasty is a frequently performed procedure in neurosurgery. The pediatric population for this procedure is distinct from the adult one because of the growing skulls and thinner bones of the calvarium. A paucity of data on the outcomes of this procedure in the pediatric population has been identified repeatedly. We conducted a retrospective cohort study to investigate the outcomes in a pediatric population that underwent cranioplasty after craniectomy at our institute in a developing-world country. Our cohort showed no association of complication rate or cosmetic outcomes with the timing of cranioplasty, area of skull defect, type of implant used, or method of storage...
December 8, 2016: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926575/prophylactic-negative-pressure-dressing-use-in-closed-laparotomy-wounds-following-abdominal-operations-a-randomized-controlled-open-label-trial-the-p-i-c-o-trial
#2
Donal Peter O'Leary, Colin Peirce, Breffini Anglim, Marguerite Carter, Kevin Hickey, John Calvin Coffey
OBJECTIVE: A randomized controlled trial was undertaken to investigate the effect of prophylactic negative pressure dressings on postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) rates in closed laparotomy wounds. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Laparotomy wounds are associated with high rates of SSI. The effect of prophylactic negative pressure dressing of closed incisional wounds on SSI rate is unknown. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, open-label trial was conducted (clinicaltrials...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925261/photochromic-properties-of-3-deoxyanthocyanidin-pigments-in-nontoxic-solvents
#3
Yuki Yagishita, Mai Mihara, Yoshiumi Kohno, Masashi Shibata
The photochromic properties of some naturally occurring 3-deoxyanthocyanidin pigments were investigated in various nontoxic solvents. When luteolinidin, a representative 3-deoxyanthocyanidin, was dissolved in a mixture of weakly acidic water and an organic solvent with a relative permittivity between 20 and 34, it was possible to repeatedly induce coloration via ultraviolet irradiation and decoloration under light-shielded conditions. 1,3-Butanediol and ethanol, which are approved for use in foods, cosmetics, and household goods, were found to be appropriate organic solvents for this process...
December 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924350/-use-of-intracutaneous-or-subcutaneous-botulinum-toxin-for-postherpetic-neuralgia
#4
L Halb, B J Amann, H Bornemann-Cimenti
BACKGROUND: Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), a toxin of the anaerobic spore-forming bacterium Clostridium botulinum is used as a drug for alleviating muscle spasticity. Other indications include the cosmetic application in facial muscles, hyperhidrosis and neurogenic bladder disorders. It has been approved since 2010 as the first prophylactic treatment for chronic migraine. The analgesic effect of BoNT was observed early on and is currently the subject of intensive research. Painful postherpetic neuralgia is a common complication of an infection with herpes zoster virus...
December 6, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923593/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-in-transit-melanoma-metastases
#5
REVIEW
A Testori, S Ribero, V Bataille
In transit metastases (ITM) from extremity or trunk melanomas are subcutaneous or cutaneous lymphatic deposits of melanoma cells, distant from the primary site but not reaching the draining nodal basin. Superficial ITM metastases develop in 5-10% of melanoma patients and are thought to be caused by cells spreading along lymphatics; ITM appear biologically different from distant cutaneous metastases, these probably due to a haematogenous dissemination. The diagnosis is usually clinical and by patients, but patients need to be adequately educated in the recognition of this clinical situation...
October 27, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922972/idiopathic-synkinesis-of-the-facial-musculature-oculo-nasal-oculo-zygomatic-and-fronto-nasal-synkinesis
#6
Sujin Bahk, SeungHwan Hwang, SuRak Eo
Facial synkinesis is the simultaneous contraction of the certain facial musculature accompanying a motion of designated muscle in the face. With the exception of rare afflictions that are congenital in origin, most patients develop as a sequel to facial nerve paralysis due to trauma, tumor, and surgical injury. As an idiopathic congenital form, oculo-nasal synkinesis which reveals co-contraction of orbicularis oculi and the compressor narium minor muscles which are innervated by separate branches of the facial nerve have been already reported...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922966/local-coverage-for-acute-severely-herniated-brain-using-scalp-and-forehead-flaps-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-head-trauma
#7
Matthew Brown, Navid Pourtaheri, Kristopher Katira, Sunil Manjila, Ali S Totonchi
A 4-year-old-boy required emergent craniectomy and drainage of a large right-sided acute subdural hematoma after head trauma, during which massive sinus hemorrhage with brain swelling occurred. Acute intraoperative management entailed dural cover using synthetic dural membrane substitute and scalp coverage over the herniated brain using acellular dermal matrix. After intensive monitoring and control of raised intracranial pressure over the next few days, the exposed brain was then covered by scalp and forehead flaps with cadaveric skin grafting to the donor site...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922895/a-systematized-strategy-in-corrective-rhinoplasty-for-the-asian-deviated-nose
#8
Yong-Ha Kim, Chang Young Jung, Kyu Jin Chung, Jun Ho Lee, Tae Gon Kim
BACKGROUND: A deviated nose is a common deformity encountered in rhinoplasty. Over the past several decades, a variety of rhinoplasty techniques have been described focusing on the classification of bony and cartilaginous deviation. Nevertheless, corrective rhinoplasty is still a challenging procedure even for experienced surgeons because of the high recurrence rate of deviation. In attempt to reduce the recurrence rate, the author systematized the complex procedures by using a single technique regardless of the classification of a deviation...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922461/ipsilateral-ophthalmic-and-cerebral-infarctions-after-cosmetic-polylactic-acid-injection-into-the-forehead
#9
Ashwinee Ragam, Steven A Agemy, Sarita B Dave, Azita S Khorsandi, Rudrani Banik
A 55-year-old woman developed no light perception vision in her right eye 5 days after an injection of polylactic acid cosmetic filler into her right forehead. Diffuse corneal edema and anterior chamber inflammation prohibited any view to the posterior segment to identify the cause of her profound vision loss. MRI of the orbits with diffusion-weighted imaging showed hyperintensity of the right optic nerve with signal reduction on apparent diffusion coefficient mapping, consistent with ischemia. Our patient also was found to have acute infarctions in the distribution of the right anterior cerebral artery on MRI of the brain despite having no permanent focal neurologic deficits aside from vision loss...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921123/local-control-and-intermediate-term-cosmetic-outcome-following-imrt-for-nasal-tumors-an-update
#10
Yuki Mukai, Stefan Janssen, Christoph Glanzmann, David Holzmann, Gabriela Studer
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate local control and intermediate-term cosmetic outcome in patients with cancer of the nose treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). METHODS: From June 2008 to September 2015, 36 consecutive patients presenting with nasal cavity, ala of the nose, or nasal vestibule tumors were treated at the Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich either postoperatively (n = 14; 3/14 with nasal ablation) or with definitive IMRT (n = 22)...
December 5, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921109/dna-and-bsa-damage-inhibitory-activities-and-anti-acetylcholinesterase-anti-porcine-%C3%AE-amylase-and-antioxidant-properties-of-dolichos-lablab-beans
#11
Hosam M Habib, Serah W Theuri, Ehab Kheadr, Fedah E Mohamed
The underutilized Kenyan variety of Dolichos lablab bean seeds serve as a good source of natural antioxidants, which can probably be effective in reducing the risk of occurrence of several diseases. This study was undertaken for the first time to address the limited knowledge regarding the antioxidant activities of lablab beans. Moreover, their DNA damage inhibitory activity, bovine serum albumin (BSA) damage inhibitory activity, and the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase and porcine α-amylase were also investigated...
December 6, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920774/effects-of-tween-80-on-growth-and-biofilm-formation-in-laboratory-media
#12
Christina K Nielsen, Jørgen Kjems, Tina Mygind, Torben Snabe, Rikke L Meyer
Tween 80 is a widely used non-ionic emulsifier that is added to cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and foods. Because of its widespread use we need to understand how it affects bacteria on our skin, in our gut, and in food products. The aim of this study is to investigate how Tween 80 affects the growth and antimicrobial susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Pseudomonas fluorescens, which are common causes of spoilage and foodborne illnesses. Addition of 0.1% Tween 80 to laboratory growth media increased the growth rate of planktonic S...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919690/comparative-analysis-of-different-xanthan-samples-by-atomic-force-microscopy
#13
Julia Teckentrup, Orooba Al-Hammood, Tim Steffens, Hanna Bednarz, Volker Walhorn, Karsten Niehaus, Dario Anselmetti
The polysaccharide xanthan which is produced by the γ-proteobacterium Xanthomonas campestris is used as a food thickening agent and rheologic modifier in numerous food, cosmetics and technical applications. Its great commercial importance stimulated biotechnological approaches to optimize the xanthan production. By targeted genetic modification the metabolism of Xanthomonas can be modified in such a way that the xanthan production efficiency and/or the shear-thickening potency is optimized. Using atomic force microscopy (AFM) the secondary structure of single xanthan polymers produced by the wild type Xanthomonas campestris B100 and several genetically modified variations were analyzed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919108/biocatalytic-synthesis-of-flavonoid-esters-by-lipases-and-their-biological-benefits
#14
Maria Elisa M B de Araújo, Yollanda E M Franco, Marcia C F Messias, Giovanna B Longato, João A Pamphile, Patricia de O Carvalho
Several studies have described important biological activities of flavonoids such as coronary heart disease prevention, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities, enzyme inhibition activity, and antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral activities. Flavonoids show promising activity as natural plant-based antioxidants due to their antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. However, their primary applications as antioxidants in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries are limited because of their moderately hydrophilic nature...
December 5, 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918043/thermoresponsive-structured-emulsions-based-on-the-fibrillar-self-assembly-of-natural-saponin-glycyrrhizic-acid
#15
Zhili Wan, Yingen Sun, Lulu Ma, Jian Guo, Jinmei Wang, Shouwei Yin, Xiaoquan Yang
We report the novel use of the naturally occurring saponin, glycyrrhizic acid (GA) as a structuring material to transform liquid oil into a soft-solid structured emulsion system. The GA nanofibrils from the anisotropic self-assembly of GA molecules were first used as stabilizers to fabricate olive oil-in-water emulsions using a facile one-step emulsification at high temperature. Then, the obtained emulsions were further self-organized into the emulsion gel by applying a subsequent cooling to trigger the gel network formation, which is mostly due to the enhanced noncovalent interactions among GA fibrils in the continuous phase as well as at the droplet surface...
December 5, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918007/cosmetic-approach-to-the-asian-population
#16
Karin Eshagh, Cameron K Rokhsar
The types of cosmetic procedures favored by Asian individuals are unique and tailored to their anatomical differences. Thus, a customized approach is taken for different cosmetic procedures, ranging from neurotoxins and fillers to nonablative fractional resurfacing. The purpose of this review article is to identify the different types of cosmetic procedures commonly sought by Asian individuals and to understand how these different procedures are customized toward their aesthetic preferences. This review integrates the findings from multiple clinical trials available on PubMed...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918003/combination-therapy-in-skin-of-color-including-injectables-laser-and-light-devices
#17
Lark Guss, Joanna G Bolton, Sabrina Guillen Fabi
With the rapid increase in patients seeking cosmetic treatments, the variation in responses of lightly pigmented skin versus darkly pigmented skin has become increasingly apparent. Despite extensive treatment options in patients with skin of color, there is a paucity of well-designed studies performed on this patient population. The lack of research is concerning, as it is well documented that patients with darker skin types are at an increased risk of adverse events when treated with many of the available modalities used in cosmetic procedures...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918002/hair-care-practices-in-african-american-women-potential-for-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#18
Alicia Stallings, Apra Sood
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction that occurs when the skin is re-exposed to a substance to which it was previously sensitized. One significant source of exposure to sensitizing chemicals is through personal grooming and beauty products. While the role of cosmetics and hair-care products in the development of ACD is well-documented, there has been very little literature that specifically addresses the role of hair-care practices of patients with tightly curled hair, such as in patients of African descent, in the development of ACD in this population...
December 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917727/a-paired-comparison-analysis-of-third-party-rater-thyroidectomy-scar-preference
#19
C Rajakumar, P C Doyle, M G Brandt, C C Moore, A Nichols, J H Franklin, J Yoo, K Fung
OBJECTIVE: To determine the length and position of a thyroidectomy scar that is cosmetically most appealing to naïve raters. METHODS: Images of thyroidectomy scars were reproduced on male and female necks using digital imaging software. Surgical variables studied were scar position and length. Fifteen raters were presented with 56 scar pairings and asked to identify which was preferred cosmetically. Twenty duplicate pairings were included to assess rater reliability...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916830/influence-of-fragrances-on-human-psychophysiological-activity-with-special-reference-to-human-electroencephalographic-response
#20
REVIEW
Kandhasamy Sowndhararajan, Songmun Kim
The influence of fragrances such as perfumes and room fresheners on the psychophysiological activities of humans has been known for a long time, and its significance is gradually increasing in the medicinal and cosmetic industries. A fragrance consists of volatile chemicals with a molecular weight of less than 300 Da that humans perceive through the olfactory system. In humans, about 300 active olfactory receptor genes are devoted to detecting thousands of different fragrance molecules through a large family of olfactory receptors of a diverse protein sequence...
November 29, 2016: Scientia Pharmaceutica
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