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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817328/lead-content-of-sindoor-a-hindu-religious-powder-and-cosmetic-new-jersey-and-india-2014-2015
#1
Manthan P Shah, Derek G Shendell, Pamela Ohman Strickland, John D Bogden, Francis W Kemp, William Halperin
OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent of lead content of sindoor, a powder used by Hindus for religious and cultural purposes, which has been linked to childhood lead poisoning when inadvertently ingested. METHODS: We purchased 95 samples of sindoor from 66 South Asian stores in New Jersey and 23 samples from India and analyzed samples with atomic absorption spectrophotometry methods for lead. RESULTS: Analysis determined that 79 (83.2%) sindoor samples purchased in the United States and 18 (78...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816979/a-new-method-for-locating-the-proximal-lacerated-bicanalicular-ends-in-chinese-preschoolers-and-long-term-outcomes-after-surgical-repair
#2
Ai Zhuang, Xiaoliang Jin, Yinwei Li, Xianqun Fan, Wodong Shi
This report is to explore the long-term outcomes of surgical repair of bicanalicular lacerations in Chinese preschool patients. In this report, 12 patients with bicanalicular lacerations were studied between September 2010 and September 2015. The distance from the punctum to the distal canalicular lacerated end was recorded before surgery to classify different types of trauma. All patients underwent surgical repair of the lacerated canaliculi by 1 surgeon within 48 hours after the trauma occurred. After treatment, the lesions were divided into 3 types according to the distance from the punctum to the distal lacerated canalicular end as follows: lateral, medial, and the central...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816969/immediate-breast-reconstruction-with-omental-flap-for-luminal-breast-cancer-patients-ten-clinical-case-reports
#3
Nanlin Li, Zhao Zheng, Jipeng Li, Jing Fan, Ting Wang, Juliang Zhang, Hui Wang, Jianghao Chen, Yonggang Lv, Jun Yi, Meiling Huang, Rui Ling
RATIONALE: Luminal subtype breast cancer, accounting for 70 to 80% of all breast cancers, has been reported to be associated with good prognosis. However, for the patients with large mass or worse mass position, omental flap transplantation may provide a new option for breast reconstruction. PATIENT CONCERNS: Ten patients (6 luminal B1, 2 luminal B2, 2 luminal A), were enrolled into the study, between January 23, 2015 and August 22, 2016. The mean age was 34.6 ± 6...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816051/lipid-stabilized-water-oil-interfaces-studied-by-micro-focusing-small-angle-x-ray-scattering
#4
Emanuela Di Cola, Kristian Torbensen, Ilaria Clemente, Federico Rossi, Sandra Ristori, Ali Abou-Hassan
Water in oil (w/o) simple emulsions are dispersed micro-confined systems which find applications in many areas of advanced materials and biotechnology, such as food industry, drug delivery and cosmetics, to name but a few. In these systems, the structural and chemical properties of the boundary layer at the w/o interface are of paramount importance to determine functionality and stability. Recently, microfluidic methods have emerged as a valuable tool to fabricate monodisperse emulsion droplets. Due to the intrinsic flexibility of microfluidics, different interfaces can be obtained, and general principles governing the interfacial stability are needed to guide the experimental approach...
August 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815367/microplastic-pollution-a-threat-to-marine-ecosystem-and-human-health-a-short-review
#5
Shivika Sharma, Subhankar Chatterjee
Human populations are using oceans as their household dustbins, and microplastic is one of the components which are not only polluting shorelines but also freshwater bodies globally. Microplastics are generally referred to particles with a size lower than 5 mm. These microplastics are tiny plastic granules and used as scrubbers in cosmetics, hand cleansers, air-blasting. These contaminants are omnipresent within almost all marine environments at present. The durability of plastics makes it highly resistant to degradation and through indiscriminate disposal they enter in the aquatic environment...
August 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813980/human-mimetic-forearm-mechanism-towards-bionic-arm
#6
Minsang Seo, Hogyun Kim, Youngjin Choi
The paper presents a mechanical forearm mechanism to extend the pronation and supination (P/S) movement of the trans-radial amputee when he/she is able to conduct the P/S motion partially with his/her remaining forearm. The P/S motions of the existing prostheses and robotic arms developed till now are completely different from those of the human. When we are to develop the robotic prostheses for the amputees, two important issues should be considered such as cosmetic issue to look like normal arm and motion harmony issue between robotic prosthesis and the amputated living arm...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813974/a-cosmetic-prosthetic-digit-with-bioinspired-embedded-touch-feedback
#7
Diego Barone, Marco D'Alonzo, Marco Controzzi, Francesco Clemente, Christian Cipriani
Partial hand amputation is the most frequent amputation level worldwide, accounting for approximately 90% of all upper limb amputations. Passive cosmetic prostheses represent one of the possible choices for its treatment, probably the most affordable one. However, these devices restore very limited motor function and subtle sensory feedback. The latter is an important component for restoring the body schema. In this work we present a simple yet potentially effective and low cost cosmetic digital prosthesis that embeds touch feedback; we dubbed this DESC-finger...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813557/facial-erosive-pustular-dermatosis-after-cosmetic-resurfacing
#8
Julie E Mervak, Stephanie D Gan, Emily H Smith, Frank Wang
Importance: Erosive pustular dermatosis (EPD) is a rare condition that typically affects actinically damaged skin of the scalp. Characterized by sterile pustules, erosions, and crusts, EPD is difficult to treat and heals slowly. The exact cause of EPD is unknown, although trauma is an inciting factor. Objective: To describe 3 women who presented with prolonged facial erosions after cosmetic resurfacing procedures, specifically fully ablative carbon dioxide laser or medium-depth chemical peel...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812941/self-retaining-magnetic-implant-a-novel-design-of-orbital-prosthesis-for-the-exenterated-orbit
#9
Shiu Ting Mak, Timmy K C Chan, Kenneth K W Li
Orbital exenteration can lead to significant disfigurement causing considerable functional, cosmetic and psychological disturbances to the patient. Orbital prosthesis is important for the patient's cosmetic and psychological rehabilitation. A 49-year-old man received orbital exenteration and postoperative radiotherapy for malignant orbital carcinoma. In view of uncertain suitability and survival of osseointegrated implant in his case, a novel design of ocular implant consisting of a self-retaining magnetic spring retainer and a coupling silicone prosthesis was used...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812934/timing-of-surgical-correction-for-the-treatment-of-unilateral-congenital-ptosis-effects-on-cosmetic-and-functional-results
#10
Francesco M Quaranta-Leoni, Sabrina Sposato, Antonella Leonardi, Licia Iacoviello, Simona Costanzo
The authors analyzed the cosmetic and functional results of a series of patients with unilateral congenital ptosis who underwent levator resection, to compare the outcome of surgery according to the age of intervention, and to evaluate the chance of ptosis recurrence in different age groups. Analysis of the clinical charts of 44 patients who underwent a unilateral levator muscle resection under the care of one surgeon from February 2000 to March 2012 was performed. Age at the time of surgery ranged from 2.1 to 12 years...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812146/engineering-rhodosporidium-toruloides-for-the-production-of-very-long-chain-monounsaturated-fatty-acid-rich-oils
#11
Sandy Fillet, Carmen Ronchel, Carla Callejo, María-José Fajardo, Helena Moralejo, José L Adrio
Erucic acid (cis-docosa-13-enoic acid, C22:1∆13) and nervonic acid (cis-tetracosa-15-enoic acid, C24:1 ∆15) are important renewable feedstocks in plastic, cosmetic, nylon, and lubricant industries. Furthermore, nervonic acid is also applied to the treatment of some neurological diseases. However, the production of these two very long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) is very limited as both are not present in the main vegetable oils (e.g., soybean, rapeseed, sunflower, and palm). Ectopic integration and heterologous expression of fatty acid elongases (3-ketoacyl-CoA synthases, KCS) from different plants in Rhodosporidium toruloides resulted in the de novo synthesis of erucic acid and nervonic acid in this oleaginous yeast...
August 15, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811789/single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-with-conventional-instruments-and-ports-initial-experience-at-tertiary-care-public-sector-hospital
#12
Abdul Razaque Shaikh, Syed Asad Ali, Ambreen Munir, Aijaz Ali Shaikh
OBJECTIVE: To find out safety and feasibility of single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLIC) using conventional instruments. METHODS: This study was conducted at surgical department of LUMHS Jamshoro Pakistan from Jan: 2014 to Dec: 2015. All cases of symptomatic cholelithiasis that consented for laparoscopic surgery were included. The exclusion criteria were acute cholecystitis, acute gall stone pancreatitis, common bile duct stones and patients with co-morbid...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809050/versatile-chromatographic-method-for-catechin-determination-in-development-of-topical-formulations-containing-natural-extracts
#13
Ricardo Ferreira-Nunes, Tamara Angelo, Sandra Márcia Mazutti da Silva, Pérola Oliveira Magalhães, Tais Gratieri, Marcílio Sérgio Soares da Cunha-Filho, Guilherme Martins Gelfuso
Catechin is found in several natural sources, as Eugenia dysenterica and Syzygium cumini extracts. Its antioxidant and UV-protective properties suggest a potential use in cosmetic and dermatological formulations. A simple analytical method capable of giving support to experiments performed along the development of topical formulations containing this natural substance (i.e., drug assay, skin permeation and stability studies), however, is still demanded. Thus, this work aimed to develop and validate a selective HPLC method for catechin determination during the development of topical formulations...
August 15, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808728/-subpectoral-tenodesis-of-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon-with-an-interference-screw-and-a%C3%A2-cortical-button-clinical-and-cosmetic-results-after-1-year
#14
P-C Nolte, N Pister, F Holz, M Egenolf, T Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Pathologies of the long head of biceps tendon (LHB) can cause anterior shoulder pain. Surgical treatment includes tenotomy and tenodesis (TD), however TD causes fewer cosmetic deformities and less cramping of the biceps muscle. To date, numerous techniques for TD have been described but the "gold standard" has not yet been established. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the functional and cosmetic outcome following subpectoral biceps TD with an interference screw and a cortical-button (STLHB-IC) after 1 year...
August 14, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808403/the-possible-pre-and-post-uva-radiation-protective-effect-of-amaranth-oil-on-human-skin-fibroblast-cells
#15
Katarzyna Wolosik, Ilona Zareba, Arkadiusz Surazynski, Agnieszka Markowska
BACKGROUND: The health effects of Amaranth Oil (AO) are attributed to its specific chemical composition. That makes it an outstanding natural product for the prevention and treatment of ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-related pathologies such as sunburn, photoaging, photoimmunosuppression, and photocarcinogenesis. Most of the studies are taken on animal model, and there is a lack of research on the endogenous effect of AO on fibroblast level, where UVA takes it harmful place. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was evaluation if AO can protect or abolish UVA exposure effect on human skin fibroblast...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807399/wound-closure-tension-relieving-techniques-and-local-flaps
#16
REVIEW
Laura C Cuddy
Wounds are often addressed by primary or delayed primary closure. Although many skin wounds could go on to heal by second intention, this results in a less cosmetic outcome, takes longer, and in the long run, is often more expensive. As a general rule, the simplest method of wound closure that is likely to succeed should be chosen. If tension is present at the wound edges, wound dehiscence is likely to occur. Using specific techniques to relieve tension on wound edges and recruiting local flaps from neighboring regions are useful ways to achieve wound closure...
August 11, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807342/accuracy-and-interobserver-agreement-of-retroareolar-frozen-sections-in-nipple-sparing-mastectomies
#17
David A Suarez-Zamora, Luis E Barrera-Herrera, Mauricio A Palau-Lazaro, Fabio Torres-Franco, Alejandro Orozco-Plazas, Lisette Barreto-Hauzeur, Paula A Rodriguez-Urrego
In the last decades, surgical treatment of breast cancer has enormously changed. As a result, nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) has evolved as an oncologically safe and cosmetic approach. NSM includes a subareolar frozen section to evaluate malignancy. We determined the accuracy of subareolar frozen section diagnosis, analyzed the discrepancy factor, and estimated the interobserver agreement of frozen section in NSM. A retrospective review of all NSMs at our institution from 2009 to 2015 was performed. Frozen sections were compared to the final diagnoses to analyze the accuracy of subareolar frozen sections...
August 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806376/classification-of-the-residual-cranial-defects-and-selection-of-reconstruction-materials
#18
Nanda Kishore Sahoo, Mohan Rangan N, Kapil Tomar, Sudarshan Bhat
The cranial defects are complex in nature and are due to various causes. Therefore, there is a need for a common term of reference to these defects. This requirement stood as a prime reason for proposing a classification system for cranial defects. The classification is based on 2 decades of experience in cranioplasty. This efficient and simple way of representation would fill the existing lacunae for a systematic communication on cranial defects. Over the ages the evolution of reconstruction and grafting had undergone a massive progress...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806297/adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-assessment-by-dietician-interview-and-serology
#19
Pooja Mehta, Zhaoxing Pan, Marisa Dzarnoski Riley, Edwin Liu
We aimed to 1) determine if tissue transglutaminase autoantibody (tTG) positivity was associated with dietitian-assessed adherence to a gluten-free diet in pediatric patients with celiac disease and 2) identify areas where adherence falters. We reviewed the records of children with celiac disease who had a standardized evaluation of adherence by a registered dietitian. A negative tTG value was not associated with good adherence (p = NS). Adherent and nonadherent children differed with respect to purposeful and accidental gluten exposure (p < 0...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805938/what-is-new-in-the-pathophysiology-of-acne-an-overview
#20
REVIEW
B Dréno
Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit. Its pathophysiology includes hyperseborrhoea, abnormal follicular keratinization and Propionibacterium acnes proliferation in the pilosebaceous unit. Recent research has shed some new light on the involvement of the sebaceous gland, as well as on the pro-inflammatory activity of the cutaneous microbiome. During puberty, alteration of the sebaceous lipid profile, called dysseborrhoea, stress, irritation, cosmetics and potential dietary factors lead to inflammation and formation of different types of acne lesions...
September 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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