keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cosmetics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441729/the-influence-of-hydroxyapatite-nanoparticle-morphology-on-embryonic-development-in-a-zebrafish-exposure-model
#1
Shiuli Pujari-Palmer, Xi Lu, Marjam Karlsson Ott
Nanomaterials are used in many different industries such as cosmetics, food, clothing, and electronics. There is increasing concern that exposure to nanoparticles (NPs) during pregnancy can adversely affect fetal development. It is well known that the size, charge, and chemistry of a nanoparticle can modulate embryological development. The role that particle morphology plays on early development, however, is still widely unknown. The present study aims to investigate the effect of hydroxyapatite nanoparticle (HANP) morphology on embryological development in a zebrafish exposure model...
April 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441214/the-osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis
#2
Mehran Zarei-Ghanavati, Venkata Avadhanam, Alfonso Vasquez Perez, Christopher Liu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the practice of and recent developments in the osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis. RECENT FINDINGS: Formal psychological assessment and support have been described. A sub-aqua system for fashioning the osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis lamina; adoption of thicker laminae; use of bisphosphonate drugs; advances in laminar imaging; and use of bone augmentation and bone morphogenetic protein have been described for prevention, detection, and management of laminar resorption...
April 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440932/microplastics-in-a-freshwater-environment-receiving-treated-wastewater-effluent
#3
Steven Lasee, Jessica Mauricio, William A Thompson, Adcharee Karnjanapiboonwong, John Kasumba, Seenivasan Subbiah, Audra N Morse, Todd A Anderson
Small plastic fragments (microplastics or solid particles <5 mm in size or "microbeads" used in personal care products and cosmetics) may ultimately find their way into aquatic environments. We studied the presence of microplastics (particle sizes 53-105 μm and 106-179 μm) spatially and temporally in 3 connected urban lakes being fed by treated wastewater effluent in Lubbock, Texas. These lakes also serve as drainage during storm events. Water samples from drainage playa wetlands within the city were also collected...
May 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439596/comparative-clinical-study-of-laparoscopic-and-open-surgery-in-children-with-choledochal-cysts
#4
Guoxin Song, Xiangyu Jiang, Jian Wang, Aiwu Li
To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic management of choledochal cysts compared with the open approach, even in early childhood.  Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 206 patients with choledochal cysts between June 2003 and May 2015. Of these, 104 patients underwent open cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy (open operation [OP]) and 102 patients received laparoscopic management and hepaticojejunostomy (laparoscopic operation [LP]). The patients who underwent a laparoscopic approach were further divided by the age of 3 years...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438783/mistakes-and-missed-opportunities-regarding-cosmetic-surgery-and-conscientious-objection
#5
Toni C Saad
In her paper 'Cosmetic surgery and conscientious objection', Minerva rightly identifies cosmetic surgery as an interesting test case for the question of conscientious objection in medicine. Her treatment of this important subject, however, seems problematic. It is argued that Minerva's suggestion that a doctor has a prima facie duty to satisfy patient preferences even against his better clinical judgment, which we call Patient Preference Absolutism, must be regarded with scepticism. This is because (1) it overlooks an important distinction regarding autonomy's meaning and place in clinical practice, and (2) it makes obsolete the important concepts of expert clinical judgment and beneficence...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437696/different-toxicity-of-anatase-and-rutile-tio2-nanoparticles-on-macrophages-involvement-of-difference-in-affinity-to-proteins-and-phospholipids
#6
Qilin Yu, Honggang Wang, Qi Peng, Ye Li, Zhe Liu, Mingchun Li
TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) are well-known nanomaterials (NMs), widely used in cosmetics, solar cells, photo-catalysts and additives. Anatase and rutile are the two main crystalline phases of TiO2 NPs and have distinct electrical and optical properties. However, their relative toxicity to organisms is a current topic of debate. In this study, we synthesize both anatase NPs (TiO2-A) and rutile NPs (TiO2-R) with similar particle sizes (20-40nm), surface areas (51-52m(2)/g) and Zeta potentials (-13.4 to -13.7mV), and investigate their toxicity to macrophages...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437155/eyelid-reconstruction-using-the-hughes-tarsoconjunctival-advancement-flap-long-term-outcomes-in-122-consecutive-cases-over-a-13-year-period
#7
James McKelvie, Reid Ferguson, Stephen G J Ng
This article evaluates the complications and long term functional and cosmetic outcomes of tarsoconjunctival advancement flaps for repairing a range of lower eyelid defects in a large cohort of consecutive cases. A retrospective series of 122 consecutive cases of eyelid reconstruction using tarsoconjunctival-advancement flaps was conducted at Waikato Hospital, or Hamilton Eye Clinic, New Zealand. All cases of lid reconstruction using tarsoconjunctival-advancement flaps between January 1, 2001 until April 3, 2014 were included for analysis...
April 24, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436301/orthodontic-treatment-modalities-a-qualitative-assessment-of-internet-information
#8
Madahar Arun, Qureshi Usman, Ama Johal
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine the quality, accuracy, reliability and usability of Internet information, regarding different orthodontic treatment modalities. METHOD: Google AdWords identified five popular keywords: Cosmetic braces, fixed braces, Removable braces, Quick braces and risks. These were entered in five search engines, with the resultant websites analysed using five validated assessment tools. Intra-examiner reliability was assessed, descriptive and inferential analysis of the data undertaken...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435560/humeral-supracondylar-fractures-in-children-a-novel-technique-of-lateral-external-fixation-and-kirschner-wiring
#9
R Y Kow, A R Zamri, J K Ruben, S Jamaluddin, M T Mohd-Nazir
Introduction: Supracondylar fracture of the humerus is the most common fracture around the elbow in children. Pinning with Kirschner wires (K-wires) after open or closed reduction is generally accepted as the primary treatment modality. However, it comes with the risk of persistent instability and if the K-wire is not inserted properly, it may cause displacement and varus deformity. We present our two-year experience with a new technique of lateral external fixation and K-wiring of the humeral supracondylar fracture...
July 2016: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434175/myoxinol-ointment-for-the-treatment-of-acute-fissure
#10
J Martellucci, G Rossi, I Corsale, P Carrieri, M D'Elia, I Giani
Myoxinol is a complex of oligopeptides obtained from the seeds of Hibiscus esculentus used in cosmetic as natural alternative to botulin toxin. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of local myoxinol for the treatment of acute anal fissure. All the consecutive patients with acute fissure treated from January to June 2014 underwent 30 days of topical treatment (twice/day) with a mioxinol based ointment. Pain, symptomatic relief, fissure healing and re-epithelization, 1-year recurrence rate, subjective satisfaction and need for further treatments were evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433227/nonsurgical-therapies-for-basal-cell-carcinoma-a-review
#11
S Ariza, S Espinosa, M Naranjo
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most prevalent malignant tumor in humans and the local destruction of tissue that can result from excision has a significant impact on well-being. Treating BCC is costly for health care systems given the high incidence of this tumor, especially in older patients. Standard treatment involves either resection with histologic assessment of margins or Mohs micrographic surgery. Surgery is sometimes contraindicated, however, due to the presence of significant comorbidity or high cosmetic expectations...
April 19, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433191/enzymatic-synthesis-of-isomaltotriose-palmitate-and-evaluation-of-its-emulsifying-property
#12
Kuan-Ju Liu
Enzymatic syntheses of oligosaccharide fatty acid esters are important owing to their wide range of industrial applications in the food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries. Transesterification of isomaltotriose and palmitic acid vinyl ester, catalyzed by the metalloprotease thermolysin, was performed in organic solvents. The process parameters (reaction time and temperature) were optimized to achieve the highest yield of isomaltotriose palmitate (IP). The water content of the reaction system played a key role in the acylation of isomaltotriose...
June 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433004/plackett-burman-design-and-response-surface-optimization-of-medium-trace-nutrients-for-glycolipopeptide-biosurfactant-production
#13
Maurice George Ekpenyong, Sylvester Peter Antai, Atim David Asitok, Bassey Offiong Ekpo
Background: A glycolipopeptide biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain IKW1 reduced the surface tension of fermentation broth from 71.31 to 24.62 dynes/cm at a critical micelle concentration of 20.80 mg/L. The compound proved suitable for applications in emulsion stabilization in food, as well as in cosmetic and pharmaceutical formulations. Method: In the present study, Plackett-Burman design (PBD) and response surface method (RSM) were employed to screen and optimize concentrations of trace nutrients in the fermentation medium, to increase surfactant yield...
April 23, 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432415/use-of-computer-imaging-in-rhinoplasty-a-survey-of-the-practices-of-facial-plastic-surgeons
#14
Prabhjyot Singh, Steven Pearlman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the use of computer imaging by facial plastic surgeons. METHODS: AAFPRS Facial plastic surgeons were surveyed about their use of computer imaging during rhinoplasty consultations. The survey collected information about surgeon demographics, practice settings, practice patterns, and rates of computer imaging (CI) for primary and revision rhinoplasty. For those surgeons who used CI, additional information was also collected, which included who performed the imaging and whether the patient was given the morphed images after the consultation...
April 21, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431318/assessing-seasonal-variation-of-synthetic-musks-in-beach-sands-from-oporto-coastal-area-a-case-study
#15
Vera Homem, Inês Magalhães, Arminda Alves, Lúcia Santos
Synthetic musk compounds are widely used in the formulation of several cosmetics, personal care and household products. Due to their massive and widespread use, together with some health concerns, they are considered emerging pollutants and have been detected in different environmental compartments. This study focused on the evaluation of the concentration of synthetic musks (five nitro, five polycyclic and one macrocyclic musks) in beach sands, from Oporto coastal area (Portugal), contributing to the enhancement of the knowledge of levels, trends and behaviour of these compounds in this particular matrix...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430878/cosmetic-liposuction-preoperative-risk-factors-major-complication-rates-and-safety-of-combined-procedures
#16
Christodoulos Kaoutzanis, Varun Gupta, Julian Winocour, John Layliev, Roberto Ramirez, James C Grotting, Kent Higdon
Background: Liposuction is among the most commonly performed aesthetic procedures, and is being performed increasingly as an adjunct to other procedures. Objectives: To report the incidence and risk factors of significant complications after liposuction, and to determine whether adding liposuction to other cosmetic surgical procedures impacts the complication risk. Methods: A prospective cohort of patients who underwent liposuction between 2008 and 2013 was identified from the CosmetAssure database...
April 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430736/vertical-lifting-a-new-optimal-thread-lifting-technique-for-asians
#17
Seung Hoon Kang, Eun Jung Byun, Hei Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: With the evolution of facial rejuvenation methods, thread lifts have gained popularity among patients who seek cosmetic improvement. Absorbable wedge-shaped polydioxanone (PDO) sutures are currently available, and they are extremely popular in the aesthetic clinics in Korea. In case of midface and mandibular jowl lift, threads are most often inserted in an oblique manner with vectors of rejuvenation directed toward the temple. However, specific characteristics of skeletal anatomy should be considered when deciding which technique to use in Asians...
April 19, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429925/robot-assisted-laparoendoscopic-single-site-versus-mini-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-a-comparison-of-perioperative-functional-and-cosmetic-results
#18
Cristian Fiori, Riccardo Bertolo, Matteo Manfredi, Fabrizio Mele, Daniele Amparore, Giovanni Cattaneo, Ivano Morra, Roberto M Scarpa, Francesco Porpiglia
BACKGROUND: New approaches have been developed to further reduce the invasiveness of laparoscopic pyeloplasty (P) as treatment for uretero-pelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). Aim of the study was to compare perioperative, functional and cosmetic results of mini-laparoscopic (mL-P) versus robot-assisted laparoendoscopic single-site P (rLESS-P). METHODS: Since April 2009 to June 2010, 12 adult patients with primary UPJO, BMI<25 and no previous abdominal surgeries were enrolled undergoing mLP (3-mm instruments only)...
April 20, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428657/x-ray-and-computed-tomography-findings-in-macrodystrophia-lipomatosa-of-the-foot-with-secondary-osteoarthritic-changes-diagnosed-in-an-elderly-female-a-case-report
#19
Rajesh Sharma, Puneet Gupta, Manik Mahajan, Manjit Arora, Anchal Gupta
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare entity that is mostly diagnosed in children. It has been very rarely reported in adults. Here, we describe the X-ray and computed tomography findings in a case of macrodystrophia lipomatosa in an elderly female presenting with an enlarged second toe since birth and bony outgrowths causing pressure effects and cosmetic problems.
March 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428099/nipple-sparing-mastectomy-and-its-application-on-brca-gene-mutation-carrier
#20
REVIEW
Michael Co, Rosemarie Chiu, Tung Milly Chiu, Yau Chun Chong, Swan Lau, Yung Ho Lee, Hoi Man To, Ava Kwong
In breast cancer 1 (BRCA) gene mutation carriers, mastectomy is still the mainstay of treatment for breast cancers due to the increased risk of local recurrence. It is performed as a therapeutic, as well as prophylactic procedure. However, mastectomy with removal of nipple areolar complex (NAC) is associated with adverse cosmetic outcome. NAC sparing mastectomy (NSM), which results in better cosmetic outcome, has been performed in non-BRCA mutation carriers. While studies have shown that NSM is a oncologically safe in sporadic breast cancers, its application in BRCA mutation carriers is still controversial...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
keyword
keyword
29980
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"