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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774362/impact-of-a-pharmacy-led-smoking-cessation-clinic-in-a-dermatology-centre
#1
Hui Mei Cheng, Wen Chun Liu, Germaine Chua, Choon Fong Liew, Winnie Li, Winnie Choo, Hazel H Oon
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, and has a deleterious effect on dermatological conditions, such as skin cancers, hidradenitis suppurativa and psoriasis. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a pharmacist-led smoking cessation clinic in reducing cigarette smoking at a tertiary referral dermatology centre. We describe the impact of this clinic to provide guidance on how such a model could be further improved and implemented more widely...
May 18, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773491/association-between-number-of-preventive-care-guidelines-and-preventive-care-utilization-by-patients
#2
Glen B Taksler, Elizabeth R Pfoh, Kurt C Stange, Michael B Rothberg
INTRODUCTION: The number of preventive care guidelines is rapidly increasing. It is unknown whether the number of guideline-recommended preventive services is associated with utilization. METHODS: The authors used Poisson regression of 390,778 person-years of electronic medical records data from 2008 to 2015, in 80,773 individuals aged 50-75 years. Analyses considered eligibility for 11 preventive services most closely associated with guidelines: tobacco cessation; control of obesity, hypertension, lipids, or blood glucose; influenza vaccination; and screening for breast, cervical, or colorectal cancers, abdominal aortic aneurysm, or osteoporosis...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773262/-smoking-cessation-pharmacological-strategies-different-from-standard-treatments
#3
REVIEW
M Underner, J Perriot, G Peiffer, G Harika-Germaneau, N Jaafari
INTRODUCTION: Three drugs are used as an aid for smoking cessation: nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), varenicline and bupropion. Standard pharmacological strategies have proven their efficacy but may have poor efficacy, especially among "Hard-core smokers" who display low smoking abstinence rates and high relapse rates. OBJECTIVES: Systematic literature review of data on pharmacological strategies for smoking cessation which are different from standard treatments...
May 14, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772910/qualitative-assessment-of-smoke-free-policy-implementation-in-low-income-housing-enhancing-resident-compliance
#4
Jodi Anthony, Roberta Goldman, Vaughan W Rees, Rochelle L Frounfelker, Jessica Davine, Robyn R Keske, Daniel R Brooks, Alan C Geller
PURPOSE: As public housing agencies and other low-income housing providers adopt smoke-free policies, data are needed to inform implementation approaches that support compliance. DESIGN: Focused ethnography used including qualitative interviews with staff, focus groups with residents, and property observations. SETTING: Four low-income housing properties in Massachusetts, 12 months postpolicy adoption. PARTICIPANTS: Individual interviews (n = 17) with property staff (managers, resident service coordinators, maintenance, security, and administrators) and focus groups with resident smokers (n = 28) and nonsmokers (n = 47)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769242/implementing-parental-tobacco-dependence-treatment-within-bronchiolitis-qi-collaboratives
#5
Susan C Walley, Grant M Mussman, Michele Lossius, Kristin A Shadman, Lauren Destino, Matthew Garber, Shawn L Ralston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We sought to implement systematic tobacco dependence interventions for parents and/or caregivers as secondary aims within 2 multisite quality improvement (QI) collaboratives for bronchiolitis. We hypothesized that iterative improvements in tobacco dependence intervention strategies would result in improvement in outcomes between collaboratives. METHODS: This study involved 2 separate yearlong, multisite QI collaboratives that were focused on care provided to inpatients with a primary diagnosis of bronchiolitis...
May 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767777/prison-staff-and-prisoner-views-on-a-prison-smoking-ban-evidence-from-the-tobacco-in-prisons-study
#6
Ashley Brown, Helen Sweeting, Greig Logan, Evangelia Demou, Kate Hunt
Introduction: In jurisdictions permitting prisoner smoking, rates are high (c75%), with smoking embedded in prison culture, leading to secondhand smoke exposures among staff and prisoners and challenges for smoking cessation. Momentum is building to ban smoking in prisons, but research on staff and prisoner views is lacking. We address this gap, providing evidence on staff and prisoner views throughout all Scottish prisons. Methods: Data were collected prior to announcement of a (November 2018) prison smoking ban throughout Scotland...
May 15, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766615/barriers-and-facilitators-to-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-post-partum-period-the-health-care-professionals-perspective
#7
Felix Naughton, Sarah Hopewell, Lesley Sinclair, Dorothy McCaughan, Jennifer McKell, Linda Bauld
OBJECTIVES: Health care professionals and the health care environment play a central role in protecting pregnant and post-partum women and their infants from smoking-related harms. This study aimed to better understand the health professional's perspective on how interactions between women, health care professionals, and the environment influence how smoking is managed. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Data were from 48 health care staff involved in antenatal or post-partum care at two UK sites, including midwives, obstetricians, health visitors, GPs, pharmacists, service commissioners, and Stop Smoking Service (SSS) advisors and managers...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764414/patient-awareness-knowledge-towards-oral-cancer-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Neel Shimpi, Monica Jethwani, Aditi Bharatkumar, Po-Huang Chyou, Ingrid Glurich, Amit Acharya
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer (OC) is associated with multiple risk factors and high mortality rates and substantially contributes to the global cancer burden despite being highly preventable. This cross-sectional study sought to assess current knowledge, awareness, and behaviors of patients in rural communities surrounding OC risk. METHODS: An anonymous 21-question survey was distributed to patients in waiting rooms of a large integrated medical-dental health system serving north-central Wisconsin...
May 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763835/predictors-of-reduced-smoking-quantity-among-recovering-alcohol-dependent-men-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial
#9
Matthew J Worley, Melodie Isgro, Jaimee L Heffner, Soo Yong Lee, Belinda E Daniel, Robert M Anthenelli
INTRODUCTION: Adults with alcohol dependence (AD) have exceptionally high smoking rates and poor smoking cessation outcomes. Discovery of factors that predict reduced smoking among AD smokers may help improve treatment. This study examined baseline predictors of smoking quantity among AD smokers in a pharmacotherapy trial for smoking cessation. METHODS: The sample includes male, AD smokers (N = 129) with 1-32 months of alcohol abstinence who participated in a 12-week trial of medication (topiramate vs...
May 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763272/colorectal-cancer-screening-and-prevention
#10
Thad Wilkins, Danielle McMechan, Asif Talukder
Colorectal cancer is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Most colorectal cancers arise from preexisting adenomatous or serrated polyps. The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer can be reduced with screening of average-risk adults 50 to 75 years of age. Randomized controlled trials show evidence of reduced colorectal cancer-specific mortality with guaiac-based fecal occult blood tests and flexible sigmoidoscopy. There are no randomized controlled trials on the effectiveness of colonoscopy to reduce colorectal cancer-specific mortality; however, several randomized controlled trials comparing colonoscopy with other strategies are in progress...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761589/prevalence-and-effect-factors-of-dementia-among-the-community-elderly-in-chongqing-china
#11
Jing Deng, Cheng Cao, Yi Jiang, Bin Peng, Tingting Wang, Ke Yan, Jingxi Lian, Zengzi Wang
BACKGROUND: China is an ageing society, with around 150 million people aged 60 years or older. The prevalence of dementia will increase by more than 100% in the coming 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and effects of dementia among the community elderly in Chongqing, China. METHODS: Cluster sampling was adopted. A sample of elderly individuals aged 60 years and older was extracted as research subjects from three counties within Chongqing, China...
May 14, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760559/smoking-and-outcomes-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-post-hoc-survival-analysis-of-the-favorit-trial
#12
Larry A Weinrauch, Brian Claggett, Jiankang Liu, Peter V Finn, Matthew R Weir, Daniel E Weiner, John A D'Elia
Background: Tobacco use remains an international health problem with between 10% and 40% of adults currently using tobacco. Given the rising number of patients either awaiting or having received a kidney transplant and the absence of smoking cessation as the criterion for transplantation in guidelines, we explored the association between smoking status and clinical outcomes in kidney transplant recipients. Patients and methods: In this post hoc analysis of the Folic Acid for Vascular Outcome Reduction in Transplant trial, the associations between smoking status, defined as never having smoked, formerly or currently smoking, and both all-cause mortality and graft survival were assessed using Cox proportional hazards models...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759986/trends-in-cannabis-and-cigarette-use-among-parents-with-children-at-home-2002-to-2015
#13
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Samantha Santoscoy, Nina Bakoyiannis, Deborah S Hasin, Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore, Melanie M Wall
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated trends in cannabis use among parents with children at home in the United States and estimated changes in prevalence of any cannabis use and daily cannabis use among parents who identified as cigarette smokers and nonsmokers with children in the home from 2002 to 2015. METHODS: The National Survey on Drug Use and Health is an annual, nationally representative, cross-sectional study conducted in the United States. Using logistic regression models, associations between cigarette smoking and any past-month and daily past-month cannabis use among parents with children in the home from 2002 to 2015 were estimated...
May 14, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759967/cytisine-for-smoking-cessation
#14
Taleen Karnieg, Xiang Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758973/the-pulmonary-damage-caused-by-smoking-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Yan Li, Yongliang Dai, Youmin Guo
BACKGROUND: Smoking for a long period is known to cause several harms to the human body, chiefly associated with serious pulmonary damage. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in the pulmonary damage between current smokers and ex-smokers, through measuring the bronchial parameters and the extent of emphysema, in order to further illustrate the harm of smoking and the need to stop smoking. METHODS: Using the FACT-Digital lung TM software quantitatively analysis of CT images, including the WT, WA%, LD, LV, PD, and %LAA-950 was performed...
April 27, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756980/alteration-of-inflammatory-adipokines-after-four-months-of-smoking-abstinence-in-multidisciplinary-intervention-program
#16
Mayla Cardoso Fernandes Toffolo, Arthur Da Silva Gomes, Henriqueta Vieira Van Keulen, Maira Barros Louro, Flávia Márcia Castro E Silva, Sheila Cristina Potente Dutra Luquetti, Aline Silva de Aguiar, Ana Paula Ferreira
BACKGROUND: many endocrine-metabolic changes are involved in smoking. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate serum concentrations of inflammatory adipokines in smokers at baseline and after four months of treatment for smoking cessation. METHODS: the serum concentrations of inflammatory cytokines were evaluated in smokers and abstinent. Nutritional assessment was based on measurements of body weight, height, and waist circumference (WC), to calculate body mass index (BMI), body adiposity index (BAI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755598/efficacy-of-an-sms-based-smoking-intervention-using-message-self-authorship-a-pilot-study
#17
Krista L DeStasio, Anne P Hill, Elliot T Berkman
Introduction: Text-message-based interventions hold great potential for intervention and are increasingly feasible, given advances in information technology. Aims: This pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to compare the efficacy of self-versus expert-authored content delivered via text-messaging for smoking cessation. Methods: Sixty-two participants aged 25-66 attended laboratory sessions pre- and post-30 days of text-messaging intervention...
March 2018: Journal of Smoking Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755581/gender-differences-and-risk-factors-for-smoking-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-disorders-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Fahad D Alosaimi, Mohammed Abalhassan, Bandar Alhaddad, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Rabab Alshenqiti, Mohammed Z Alassiry
Background: The higher prevalence of smoking among psychiatric patients is well established. However, gender-specific associations have rarely been the focus of studies among patients with various psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the gender-specific prevalence of current smoking by psychiatric patients and its association with various psychiatric disorders and the use of psychotropic medications. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed between July 2012 and June 2014...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754910/lifestyle-advice-and-interventions-for-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-a-systematic-review-of-guidelines
#19
Mohammed Y Khanji, Claudia N van Waardhuizen, Vinícius V S Bicalho, Bart S Ferket, M G Myriam Hunink, Steffen E Petersen
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors are important in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. We aimed to systematically review guidelines on primary prevention of CVD and their recommendations on lifestyle advice or intervention, in order to guide primary prevention programs. METHODS: Publications in MEDLINE, CINAHL over 7 years since May 3, 2009 were identified. G-I-N International Guideline Library, National Guidelines Clearinghouse, National Library for Health Guideline finder, Canadian Medical Association InfoBase were searched...
July 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754618/preoperative-planning-and-patient-optimization
#20
REVIEW
Clayton C Petro, Ajita S Prabhu
This article reviews the literature that supports routine expectations for smoking cessation; weight loss; diabetic, nutritional, or metabolic optimization; and decolonization techniques before ventral hernia repair. These methods diminish postoperative complications. In an era of value-centric care, an upfront investment in patient optimization can improve the quality of the repair by reducing wound morbidity and hernia recurrence, naturally translating to a reduction in cost. The adoption of these practices and further study aimed at identifying other effective optimization techniques are encouraged...
June 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
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