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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107337/e-cigarettes-and-smoking-cessation-a-primer-for-oncology-clinicians
#1
Yanina Zborovskaya
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes 
(e-cigarettes) are a psychosocial phenomenon of the 21st century with serious implications to public and individual health. The significant increase of their popularity and use has raised concerns in the healthcare community regarding their potential benefits and harm, particularly their use as a smoking cessation methodology. 
. OBJECTIVES: Current knowledge is presented about e-cigarettes, including the clinical implications of their use, and associated controversies are analyzed...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106943/a-pilot-investigation-of-the-impact-of-smoking-cessation-on-biological-age
#2
Man-Kit Lei, Steven R H Beach, Meeshanthini V Dogan, Robert A Philibert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Smoking is known to increase biological age. However, whether this process is reversible through smoking cessation is not known. In this pilot study, we attempt to determine whether smoking cessation reduces biological age. METHODS: We conducted regression analyses of methylation data from 22 subjects, as they entered and exited inpatient substance use treatment, to determine change in biological age, as indicated by the deviation of their methylomic age from chronological age across two time points...
January 20, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105000/determining-non-cigarette-tobacco-alcohol-and-substance-use-typologies-across-menthol-and-non-menthol-smokers-using-latent-class-analysis
#3
Amy Cohn, Amanda Johnson, Jennifer Pearson, Shyanika Rose, Sarah Ehlke, Ollie Ganz, Raymond Niaura
BACKGROUND: Substance use and mental health are robustly associated with smoking and poor cessation outcomes, but not often examined in combination with menthol cigarette smoking, which is also associated with lower quit rates. This study identified classes of Black and White menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers based on demographics, alcohol, drug, and other tobacco use behaviors. METHODS: Using screening data from two studies, latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted to classify n = 1177 menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers on demographic characteristics, heavy smoking, alcohol and drug use, desire to quit smoking, other tobacco product use, and use of psychotropic medication...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104489/changes-and-factors-associated-with-tobacco-counseling-results-from-the-aap-periodic-survey
#4
Robert McMillen, Karen G O'Connor, Judith Groner, Susanne Tanski, Elyse R Park, Jonathan D Klein
INTRODUCTION: The AAP advises pediatricians to counsel parents and patients who use tobacco to quit. This study assesses changes in counseling between 2004 and 2010, and factors associated with counseling in 2010. METHODS: In 2004 and 2010, the Periodic Survey, a national survey of AAP members, inquired about tobacco counseling. Chi-square tests were performed to compare responses by survey year. Bivariate and multivariable analyses examined factors associated with counseling...
January 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104101/preventing-hospitalizations-from-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
REVIEW
Jessica E Burchette, G Douglas Campbell, Stephen A Geraci
Chronic obstructive lung disease is among the leading causes of adult hospital admissions and readmissions in the United States. Preventing acute exacerbations is the primary approach in therapy. Combinations of smoking cessation, pulmonary rehabilitation, vaccinations and inhaled and oral medications may all reduce the overall risk of acute exacerbations. When prevention is unsuccessful, treatment of exacerbations often does not require hospitalization but can be safely executed in the outpatient setting. In the patient who does not require mechanical ventilation or who manifests respiratory acidosis, oxygen supplementation, frequent short-acting inhaled bronchodilators, oral corticosteroids and often antibiotics can abort the decompensation and sometimes return the patient to his or her pre-attack baseline lung function...
January 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104060/comparison-of-suicide-attempts-behaviors-following-smoking-cessation-treatments-among-schizophrenic-smokers
#6
I-Hsuan Wu, Hua Chen, Patrick Bordnick, Ekere James Essien, Michael Johnson, Ronald J Peters, Xin Wang, Susan M Abughosh
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation may lead to depression in some smokers and result in increased risk of suicide. OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of suicide attempts/behaviors associated with different smoking cessation medications among schizophrenic patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using General Electric (GE) medical record database (1995-2011). The first day of being prescribed a smoking cessation medication defined as index date...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103704/quality-of-life-after-quitting-smoking-and-initiating-aerobic-exercise
#7
Erika Litvin Bloom, Haruka Minami, Richard A Brown, David R Strong, Deborah Riebe, Ana M Abrantes
Quitting smoking and aerobic exercise each improve health. Although smokers may be concerned that quitting smoking will reduce their quality of life (QOL), recent research has shown that cessation is associated with QOL benefits. Elements of smoking cessation interventions, such as exercise, may contribute to changes in QOL. However, it is unknown whether initiating exercise in the context of smoking cessation is associated with greater or different effects on QOL than smoking cessation alone. The current study is a secondary analysis of data from a randomized trial (n = 61) of an exercise intervention for smoking cessation...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103398/cognitive-behavioral-and-psycho-social-factors-associated-with-successful-and-maintained-quit-smoking-status-among-patients-who-received-smoking-cessation-intervention-with-nurses-counseling
#8
Chie Taniguchi, Hideo Tanaka, Hideo Saka, Isao Oze, Kazunobu Tachibana, Yasuhiro Nozaki, Yukio Suzuki, Hisataka Sakakibara
AIM: To identify cognitive, behavioral and psycho-social factors associated with successful and maintained quit smoking status after patients received smoking cessation intervention with nurses' counseling. BACKGROUND: Although nurses' intervention for smoking cessation is effective for patients, few studies have been conducted to identify cognitive, behavioral and psycho-social factors associated with the success of quitting smoking. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study METHODS: In a multi-institutional study between October 2008 - October 2014, we administered the Japanese smoking cessation therapy, which consists of smoking cessation intervention five times with nurses' counseling over 12 weeks...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103214/association-between-the-real-cost-media-campaign-and-smoking-initiation-among-youths-united-states-2014-2016
#9
Matthew C Farrelly, Jennifer C Duke, James Nonnemaker, Anna J MacMonegle, Tesfa N Alexander, Xiaoquan Zhao, Janine C Delahanty, Pamela Rao, Jane A Allen
In the United States, approximately 900,000 youths smoke their first cigarette each year (1). Health communication interventions are evidence-based strategies for preventing the initiation of tobacco use, promoting and facilitating cessation, and changing beliefs and attitudes about tobacco use (2,3). This report describes the association between the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) first national tobacco public education campaign, The Real Cost, and rates of smoking initiation among youths in the United States from 2014 to 2016...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102972/evaluating-the-clinical-copd-questionnaire-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Zijing Zhou, Aiyuan Zhou, Yiyang Zhao, Ping Chen
The Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) is recommended by the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) to evaluate health status in patients with COPD. The objective of this work was to systemically assess the reliability, validity, responsiveness and minimum clinically important difference (MCID) of the CCQ. A structured search was conducted in three databases to identify articles that evaluated the psychometric properties of the CCQ in individuals with COPD. Two investigators screened the title, abstract and full text of the articles to determine study eligibility and performed the data extraction...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101793/substance-use-disorders-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-dangerous-but-understudied-combination
#11
REVIEW
Kimberly N Walter, Julie A Wagner, Eda Cengiz, William V Tamborlane, Nancy M Petry
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews research on substance use and disorders (SUDs) among adults with diabetes. It describes epidemiological data on SUDs in persons with type 2 diabetes, overviews effects of substance use on diabetes outcomes, and discusses treatments for SUDs in patients with diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Rates of current smoking range from 10 to 26% and alcohol use disorders are 0-5%. Rates of illicit SUDs are 3-4%, but there are no population-based studies using nationally representative samples...
January 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101759/trends-in-modification-of-smoking-behaviors-among-pregnant-women-in-west-virginia
#12
Ilana R Azulay Chertok, Zelalem T Haile
Background Rates of smoking among pregnant women in West Virginia are higher than national prenatal smoking rates. Recent research has pointed to the benefit of smoking reduction among a sample of pregnant women who participated in a clinical study in West Virginia. The purpose of the current study is to examine trends associated with reduced smoking exposure among a representative sample of pregnant women in the state. Method Secondary data analysis was conducted using de-identified weighted PRAMS 2005-2010 data from West Virginia examining factors associated with favorable change in prenatal smoking behavior, either quitting or reducing smoking in pregnancy...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100713/ahrr-cg05575921-hypomethylation-marks-smoking-behaviour-morbidity-and-mortality
#13
Stig E Bojesen, Nicholas Timpson, Caroline Relton, George Davey Smith, Børge G Nordestgaard
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Self-reported smoking underestimates disease risk. Smoking affects DNA methylation, in particular the cg05575921 site in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor repressor (AHRR) gene. We tested the hypothesis that AHRR cg05575921 hypomethylation is associated with risk of smoking-related morbidity and mortality. METHODS: From the Copenhagen City Heart Study representing the Danish general population, we studied 9234 individuals. Using bisulphite treated leucocyte DNA, AHRR (cg05575921) methylation was measured...
January 18, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099253/smoking-status-and-the-incidence-of-pancreatic-cancer-concomitant-with-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm
#14
Takashi Nakagawa, Atsuhiro Masuda, Hirochika Toyama, Hideyuki Shiomi, Yoh Zen, Keitaro Sofue, Mamoru Takenaka, Takashi Kobayashi, Yosuke Yagi, Kodai Yamanaka, Masaru Yoshida, Yoshifumi Arisaka, Yoshihiro Okabe, Hiromu Kutsumi, Takumi Fukumoto, Yonson Ku, Takeshi Azuma
OBJECTIVES: The effect of smoking status on the incidence of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) concomitant with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) has not been clarified. This study investigated the association of smoking status with PDAC concomitant with IPMN. METHODS: The subjects were 124 consecutive patients undergoing resection of IPMNs (intraductal papillary mucinous adenoma (IPMA): N = 77, invasive IPMN: N = 31, and PDAC with IPMN: N = 16) between April 2008 and October 2015...
January 18, 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098063/the-use-of-e-cigarettes
#15
Martin Eichler, Maria Blettner, Susanne Singer
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are a consumer product whose benefits and risks are currently debated. Advocates of the "tobacco harm reduction" strategy emphasize their potential as an aid to smoking cessation, while advocates of the precautionary principle emphasize their risks instead. There have been only a few studies to date on the prevalence of e-cigarette use in Germany. METHODS: In May 2016, in collaboration with Forsa, an opinion research firm, we carried out a survey among 4002 randomly chosen persons aged 14 and older, asking them about their consumption of e-cigarettes with and without nicotine, reasons for using e-cigarettes, plans for future use, estimation of danger compared to that of tobacco products, smoking behavior, and sociodemographic features...
December 16, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097760/benefits-of-quitting-smoking-on-work-productivity-and-activity-impairment-in-the-united-states-the-european-union-and-china
#16
Christine L Baker, Natalia M Flores, Kelly H Zou, Marianna Bruno, Vannessa J Harrison
BACKGROUND: Smoking has important health and economic consequences for individuals and society. This study expands the understanding of work-related burden associated with smoking and benefit of smoking cessation across the US, European Union (EU) and China using large-scale, representative survey methodology. METHODS: Data utilised the 2013 National Health and Wellness Survey in United States (US), EU5 (UK, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain) and China. Working-aged respondents 18-64 were used in the analyses (US N=58 500; EU5 N=50 417; China N=17 987) and were categorised into: current smokers, trying to quit, former smokers and never smokers...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097016/smoking-treatment-optimisation-in-pharmacies-stop-a-cluster-randomised-pilot-trial-of-a-training-intervention
#17
V W Madurasinghe, Ratna Sohanpal, Wai James, Liz Steed, Sandra Eldridge, Sjc Taylor, C Griffiths, Robert Walton
BACKGROUND: UK government policy aims to strengthen the role of community pharmacies in health promotion. Thus, we conducted feasibility studies for an intervention to enhance delivery of the NHS Smoking Cessation Service. METHODS: The overall aims were to assess acceptability and feasibility of conducting the intervention in community pharmacies and piloting this with a cluster randomised trial. Specific objectives were (1) to estimate likely participation rates of pharmacies and stop smoking advisors, (2) to establish the potential impact of the training intervention on throughput and retention of smokers in smoking services, (3) to establish potential impact on smoking cessation outcomes, (4) to optimise logistics for conducting a cluster randomised trial in the next phase of the research programme and (5) to consider the feasibility of collecting pharmacy and service user data...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095827/lessons-learned-from-the-london-exercise-and-pregnant-leap-smokers-randomised-controlled-trial-process-evaluation-implications-for-the-design-of-physical-activity-for-smoking-cessation-interventions-during-pregnancy
#18
Nikoletta Giatras, Elisabeth Wanninkhof, Miranda Leontowitsch, Beth Lewis, Adrian Taylor, Sue Cooper, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: The challenges of delivering interventions for pregnant smokers have been poorly documented. Also, the process of promoting a physical activity intervention for pregnant smokers has not been previously recorded. This study describes the experiences of researchers conducting a randomised controlled trial of physical activity as an aid to smoking cessation during pregnancy and explores how the effectiveness of future interventions could be improved. METHODS: Two focus groups, with independent facilitators, were conducted with six researchers who had enrolled pregnant smokers in the LEAP trial, provided the interventions, and administered the research measures...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095732/an-online-survey-of-tobacco-smoking-cessation-associated-with-naturalistic-psychedelic-use
#19
Matthew W Johnson, Albert Garcia-Romeu, Patrick S Johnson, Roland R Griffiths
Data suggest psychedelics such as psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) may hold therapeutic potential in the treatment of addictions, including tobacco dependence. This retrospective cross-sectional anonymous online survey characterized 358 individuals (52 females) who reported having quit or reduced smoking after ingesting a psychedelic in a non-laboratory setting ⩾1 year ago. On average, participants smoked 14 cigarettes/day for 8 years, and had five previous quit attempts before their psychedelic experience...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095282/active-smoking-and-associated-behavioural-risk-factors-before-and-during-pregnancy-prevalence-and-attitudes-among-newborns-mothers-in-mures-county-romania
#20
Florina Ruta, Calin Avram, Septimiu Voidăzan, Claudiu Mărginean, Vladimir Bacârea, Zoltán Ábrám, Kristie Foley, Andrea Fogarasi-Grenczer, Melinda Pénzes, Monica Tarcea
AIM: Smoking before, during and after pregnancy leads to detrimental outcomes on maternal and foetal health and represents an important public health issue. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of smoking before and during pregnancy in a sample of Romanian women. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among mothers (N=1,278) in three maternity hospitals in Tirgu-Mures, Romania, immediately after childbirth, in 2014. We evaluated the prevsalence of smoking before and during pregnancy and used binary logistic regression to assess the influence of socio-demographics and other health behaviour factors in three groups of women: non-smoking pregnant women, women who continued smoking during pregnancy, and smokers who quit during pregnancy...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
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