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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938104/do-nurses-personal-health-behaviours-impact-on-their-health-promotion-practice-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Muireann Kelly, Jane Wills, Susie Sykes
BACKGROUND: There is a growing expectation in national and international policy and from professional bodies that nurses be role models for healthy behaviours, the rationale being that there is a relationship between nurses' personal health and the adoption of healthier behaviours by patients. This may be from patients being motivated by, and modelling, the visible healthy lifestyle of the nurse or that nurses are more willing to promote the health of their patients by offering public health or health promotion advice and referring the patient to support services...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937573/committee-opinion-no-721-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy
#2
(no author information available yet)
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician-gynecologist can be the critical element in prenatal smoking cessation. An office-based protocol that systematically identifies pregnant women who smoke and offers treatment or referral has been proved to increase quit rates...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937568/committee-opinion-no-721-summary-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy
#3
(no author information available yet)
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician-gynecologist can be the critical element in prenatal smoking cessation. An office-based protocol that systematically identifies pregnant women who smoke and offers treatment or referral has been proved to increase quit rates...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935619/a-dermatologist-s-ammunition-in-the-war-against-smoking-a-photoaging-app
#4
Titus Josef Brinker, Alexander Enk, Martina Gatzka, Yasuhiro Nakamura, Wiebke Sondermann, Albert Joachim Omlor, Maximilian Philip Petri, Ante Karoglan, Werner Seeger, Joachim Klode, Christof von Kalle, Dirk Schadendorf
This viewpoint reviews the perspectives for dermatology as a specialty to go beyond the substantial impact of smoking on skin disease and leverage the impact of skin changes on a person's self-concept and behavior in the design of effective interventions for smoking prevention and cessation.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935139/the-prevalence-of-underweight-is-increased-in-chronic-pancreatitis-outpatients-and-associates-with-reduced-life-quality
#5
Søren S Olesen, Louise Kuhlman Frandsen, Jakob Lykke Poulsen, Peter Vestergaard, Henrik Højgaard Rasmussen, Asbjørn M Drewes
BACKGROUND: Underweight is a well-known complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP), but little is known about its prevalence in the outpatient setting. We investigated the prevalence of underweight in outpatients with CP and its association with quality of life (QOL) and various risk factors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 166 outpatients with CP that was conducted at a tertiary referral center. The primary outcome was the prevalence of underweight (body mass index [BMI] <20 kg/m(2)) in patients with CP compared with 160 age- and sex-matched controls...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933924/a-revolutionary-attack-on-tobacco-bolshevik-antismoking-campaigns-in-the-1920s
#6
Tricia A Starks
Using archival records of the Commissariat of Public Health, journals, and propaganda materials from the antismoking campaign of the Soviet 1920s, this article argues that the revolutionary state pursued an antitobacco policy unique in the world in its attack on tobacco use at a national scale. The commissar of public health, Nikolai Alexandrovich Semashko, attempted to severely curtail tobacco cultivation and production, limit tobacco sales, and create a public opinion against tobacco with a propaganda campaign...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932135/effectiveness-of-two-interactive-educational-methods-to-teach-tobacco-cessation-counseling-for-senior-dental-students
#7
Mina Ahmadian, Mohammad Reza Khami, Arezoo Ebn Ahamdi, Samaneh Razeghi, Reza Yazdani
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, one of the major health problems in many countries is tobacco use. Dental professionals are in a unique position to promote smoking cessation since they have the opportunity for regular interaction with their patients. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of two educational methods to teach tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) in dental practice for senior dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional study, 93 eligible senior dental students from two dental schools in Tehran, Iran were randomly divided into two groups...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931309/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-in-taiwan-using-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#8
Yu-Fang Tseng, Kuei-Lan Wang, Ching-Yun Lin, Yi-Ting Lin, Hui-Chen Pan, Chai-Jan Chang
This study aimed to explore the factors predicting the intention to quit smoking and the subsequent behavior 6 months later using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Data were obtained from 145 smokers who attended a smoking cessation clinic in a community hospital. All participants completed a questionnaire which included demographic information, TPB-based items, perceived susceptibility and previous attempts to quit. The actual quitting behavior was obtained by follow-up phone calls 6 months later. The TPB constructs explained 34% of the variance in intention to quit smoking...
September 20, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930715/cigarette-smoking-attenuates-kidney-protection-by-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibition-in-nondiabetic-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Bethany Roehm, Jan Simoni, Jessica Pruszynski, Donald E Wesson
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking exacerbates the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline in nondiabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) despite the kidney protection that is achieved by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition (ACEI). Whether smoking cessation restores ACEI-related kidney protection is not known. METHODS: This 5-year, prospective, prevention trial recruited 108 smokers and 108 nonsmokers with stage-2 nondiabetic CKD with primary hypertension and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (Ualb) >200 mg/g...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930053/a-descriptive-study-of-the-prevalence-and-typology-of-alcohol-related-posts-in-an-online-social-network-for-smoking-cessation
#10
Amy M Cohn, Kang Zhao, Sarah Cha, Xi Wang, Michael S Amato, Jennifer L Pearson, George D Papandonatos, Amanda L Graham
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use and problem drinking are associated with smoking relapse and poor smoking-cessation success. User-generated content in online social networks for smoking cessation provides an opportunity to understand the challenges and treatment needs of smokers. This study used machine-learning text classification to identify the prevalence, sentiment, and social network correlates of alcohol-related content in the social network of a large online smoking-cessation program, BecomeAnEX...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929906/the-important-role-of-primary-care-providers-in-the-detection-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#11
Jorge E Lascano, Michael A Campos
OBJECTIVE: Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is an underrecognized genetic disorder that can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and liver cirrhosis, two clinical conditions commonly seen by primary care physicians. AATD is estimated to affect 1/4000-1/5000 people in the United States and 1-2% of all COPD cases. METHODS: PubMed was searched for relevant articles using AAT/AATD-related terms. RESULTS: Unfortunately, <10% of symptomatic individuals have been properly diagnosed primarily due to the underdiagnosis of COPD and the lack of awareness of AATD as a possible underlying cause...
September 20, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929489/association-between-long-term-low-intensity-cigarette-smoking-and-incidence-of-smoking-related-cancer-in-the-national-institutes-of-health-aarp-cohort
#12
Maki Inoue-Choi, Patricia Hartge, Linda M Liao, Neil Caporaso, Neal D Freedman
An increasing proportion of US smokers smoke ≤10 cigarettes per day (CPD) or do not smoke every day, yet the health effects of low-intensity smoking are poorly understood. We identified lifelong smokers of <1 or 1-10 CPD and evaluated risk of incident cancer among 238,525 cancer-free adults, aged 59-82, in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. A questionnaire administered in 2004-2005 assessed CPD during nine age-periods (<15 to ≥70). We estimated hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression with age as the underlying time metric...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928319/effect-of-a-brief-smoking-cessation-intervention-on-adult-tobacco-smokers-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-from-north-india
#13
Sonu Goel, Jeyashree Kathiresan, Preeti Singh, Rana J Singh
BACKGROUND: An association between smoking and poor tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcomes has been globally established. Various smoking cessation interventions (SCIs) have been proven worldwide to curb smoking behavior. There is a need for evidence to assess if SCI increases the chance of successful treatment outcome among TB patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a brief SCI; The Ask, Brief, Cessation support (ABC) package, on treatment outcomes and smoking cessation in smear-positive adult pulmonary TB patients...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928316/integrated-brief-tobacco-and-alcohol-cessation-intervention-in-a-primary-health-care-setting-in-karnataka
#14
O T Sabari Sridhar, Pratima Murthy, K V Kishore Kumar
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use are important preventable risk factors for noncommunicable diseases and need to be addressed in primary health care. OBJECTIVES: To find the effectiveness of Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST)-based brief intervention for alcohol and tobacco in a primary health-care setting in Karnataka. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2012 where one primary health center (PHC) in Karnataka was an intervention site and other the control site...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928312/getting-real-with-the-upcoming-challenge-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-the-way-forward-for-the-south-east-asia-region
#15
REVIEW
Jagdish Kaur, Arvind Vashishta Rinkoo
Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are being marketed to tobacco smokers for use in places where smoking is not allowed or as aids similar to pharmaceutical nicotine products to help cigarette smokers quit tobacco use. These are often flavored to make them more attractive for youth - ENDS use may lead young nonsmokers to take up tobacco products. Neither safety nor efficacy as a cessation aid of ENDS has been scientifically demonstrated. The adverse health effects of secondhand aerosol cannot be ruled out...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928190/interdisciplinary-model-of-care-radicals-for-early-detection-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-australian-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas Zwar, Grant Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Benjamin van Hecke, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Kate Petrie, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
INTRODUCTION: Up to half of all smokers develop clinically significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Gaps exist in the implementation and uptake of evidence-based guidelines for managing COPD in primary care. We describe the methodology of a cluster randomised controlled trial (cRCT) evaluating the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an interdisciplinary model of care aimed at reducing the burden of smoking and COPD in Australian primary care settings. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A cRCT is being undertaken to evaluate an interdisciplinary model of care (RADICALS - Review of Airway Dysfunction and Interdisciplinary Community-based care of Adult Long-term Smokers)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927378/genome-wide-imaging-association-study-implicates-functional-activity-and-glial-homeostasis-of-the-caudate-in-smoking-addiction
#17
David C Qian, David L Molfese, Jennifer L Jin, Alexander J Titus, Yixuan He, Yafang Li, Maxime Vaissié, Humsini Viswanath, Philip R Baldwin, Ralf Krahe, Ramiro Salas, Christopher I Amos
BACKGROUND: Nearly 6 million deaths and over a half trillion dollars in healthcare costs worldwide are attributed to tobacco smoking each year. Extensive research efforts have been pursued to elucidate the molecular underpinnings of smoking addiction and facilitate cessation. In this study, we genotyped and obtained both resting state and task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging from 64 non-smokers and 42 smokers. Smokers were imaged after having smoked normally ("sated") and after having not smoked for at least 12 h ("abstinent")...
September 19, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925882/why-are-antidepressant-drugs-effective-smoking-cessation-aids
#18
Mohammed Shoaib, Yazead Buhidma
Before the advent of varenicline, antidepressant drugs were reported to exhibit better clinical efficacy than nicotine replacement therapy as smoking cessation aids. The most studied is bupropion, a clinically-effective antidepressant, the first to be marketed throughout Europe for smoking cessation. The mechanisms behind bupropion's efficacy as a smoking cessation compound remains unclear. Since depression and tobacco smoking have a high incidence of co-occurrence, this would implicate an underlying link between these two conditions...
September 15, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925657/varenicline-for-smoking-cessation
#19
Paul Crawford, Daniel Cieslak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925292/using-a-media-campaign-to-increase-engagement-with-a-mobile-based-youth-smoking-cessation-program
#20
Amy Sanders, Cendrine Robinson, Shani C Taylor, Samantha D Post, Jeffrey Goldfarb, Rui Shi, Yvonne M Hunt, Erik M Augustson
PURPOSE: To describe the impact of the National Cancer Institute's promotion of its youth smoking cessation program, Smokefree Teen (SFT). DESIGN: We provide a description of campaign strategies and outcomes as a means to engage a teen audience in cessation resources using a cost-effective approach. SETTING: The campaign occurred nationally, using traditional (TV and radio), online, and social media outreach. PARTICIPANTS: Ads targeted adolescent smokers (aged 14-17)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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