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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150536/availability-sales-and-affordability-of-tobacco-cessation-medicines-in-kerala-india
#1
Smitha Sarma, Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan, Abigail S Baldridge, Raji Devarajan, Aashna Mehta, Sakhtivel Selvaraj, Mohammed K Ali, Padinhare P Mohanan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark D Huffman
BACKGROUND: India is the world's second largest consumer of tobacco, but tobacco cessation remains uncommon due, at least in part, to underutilization of cessation pharmacotherapy. We evaluated the availability, sales, and affordability of nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, and varenicline in the South Indian state of Kerala to understand potential reasons for underutilization. METHODS AND RESULTS: From November 2016 to April 2017, we collected data on availability, inventory, and pricing of cessation medication through a cross-sectional survey of 199 public, semiprivate (Karunya), and private pharmacies across 5 districts in Kerala using World Health Organization/Health Action International methodology...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150479/impact-of-variation-in-functions-and-delivery-on-the-effectiveness-of-behavioural-and-mood-management-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-with-depression-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Gemma Taylor, Paul Aveyard, Regina Van der Meer, Daniel Toze, Bobby Stuijfzand, David Kessler, Marcus Munafò
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco is the world's leading preventable cause of disease and death. People with depression are twice as likely to smoke and are less responsive to standard tobacco treatments as compared with the general population. A Cochrane systematic review of randomised controlled trials of smoking cessation treatment for smokers with current or historical depression found that adding mood management to usual smoking treatment improved quit rates. However, the review did not examine if variation in intervention delivery or intervention functions impacted on treatment effectiveness...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150279/resolution-of-recurrent-tonsillitis-in-a-non-smoker-who-became-a-vaper-a-case-study-and-new-hypothesis
#3
Joanna Astrid Miler, Peter Hajek
BACKGROUND: Evidence concerning the impact of vaping on respiratory infections remains contradictory. Cell and animal studies suggested that vaping may increase vulnerability to respiratory infections, but human data do not confirm this concern. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a never-smoker who became a vaper and after a few months of e-cigarette use experienced a complete resolution of chronic tonsillitis and a marked improvement in tonsilloliths. CONCLUSIONS: As this is a never-smoker, the improvements cannot be attributed to smoking cessation...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148565/tobacco-cessation-interventions-for-young-people
#4
REVIEW
Thomas R Fanshawe, William Halliwell, Nicola Lindson, Paul Aveyard, Jonathan Livingstone-Banks, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Most tobacco control programmes for adolescents are based around prevention of uptake, but teenage smoking is still common. It is unclear if interventions that are effective for adults can also help adolescents to quit. This is the update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of strategies that help young people to stop smoking tobacco. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group's Specialized Register in June 2017...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148088/effectiveness-of-an-intensive-intervention-to-improve-lifestyles-in-subjects-with-intermediate-cardiovascular-risk-date-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Natalia Sanchez-Aguadero, Sara Mora-Simon, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez, Rosario Alonso-Dominguez, Jesus Gonzalez-Sanchez, Cristina Martin-Martin, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos, Emiliano Rodriguez-Sanchez
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive intervention led by primary care nurses for lifestyle modification among subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases may be prevented by adopting healthy lifestyles. Interventions focused on populations at risk are more efficient than those aimed at the general population. More than 50 per cent of cardiovascular events occur in subjects with intermediate cardiovascular risk, but only a few studies have targeted this population...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146649/what-are-older-smokers-attitudes-to-quitting-and-how-are-they-managed-in-primary-care-an-analysis-of-the-cross-sectional-english-smoking-toolkit-study
#6
Hannah Jordan, Mira Hidajat, Nick Payne, Jean Adams, Martin White, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether age is associated with access to smoking cessation services. DESIGN: Data from the Smoking Toolkit Study 2006-2015, a repeated multiwave cross-sectional household survey (n=181 157). SETTING: England. PARTICIPANTS: Past-year smokers who participated in any of the 102 waves stratified into age groups. OUTCOME MEASURES: Amount smoked and nicotine dependency, self-reported quit attempts and use of smoking cessation interventions...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145626/twelve-month-outcomes-of-a-group-randomized-community-health-advocate-led-smoking-cessation-intervention-in-public-housing
#7
Daniel R Brooks, Joanna L Burtner, Belinda Borrelli, Timothy C Heeren, Tegan Evans, Jessica A Davine, Jonathan Greenbaum, Matthew Scarpaci, John Kane, Vaughan W Rees, Alan C Geller
Background: Lower rates of smoking cessation are a major reason for the higher prevalence of smoking among socioeconomically disadvantaged adults. Because barriers to quitting are both more numerous and severe, socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers may benefit from more intensive intervention. We sought to determine whether a smoking cessation intervention delivered by public housing residents trained as Tobacco Treatment Advocates (TTAs) could increase utilization of cessation resources and increase abstinence...
November 14, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144995/content-analysis-of-homeless-smokers-perspectives-on-established-and-alternative-smoking-interventions
#8
Susan E Collins, Victoria E Orfaly, Teresa Wu, Sunny Chang, Robert V Hardy, Amia Nash, Matthew B Jones, Leslie Mares, Emily M Taylor, Lonnie A Nelson, Seema L Clifasefi
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is 5 times more prevalent among homeless individuals than in the general population, and homeless individuals are disproportionately affected by smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Homeless smokers report interest in changing their smoking behavior; however, established smoking cessation interventions are neither desirable to nor highly effective for most members of this population. The aim of this study was to document homeless smokers' perceptions of established smoking interventions as well as self-generated, alternative smoking interventions to elucidate points for intervention enhancement...
November 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144886/comparative-effectiveness-of-proactive-tobacco-treatment-among-smokers-with-and-without-chronic-lower-respiratory-disease
#9
Anne C Melzer, Barbara Clothier, Sandra J Japuntich, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Patrick Hammett, Diana J Burgess, Anne M Joseph, Steven S Fu
RATIONALE: Adults with chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD) differ in their barriers to smoking cessation, but also suffer from tobacco related health concerns, which may motivate quit attempts. Few studies have examined differences in tobacco treatment response between smokers with and without CLRD. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effectiveness of a proactive outreach program for cessation among smokers with and without CLRD. METHODS: Subgroup analysis of the Veterans VICTORY Over Tobacco Study, a pragmatic randomized controlled trial that demonstrated the effectiveness of proactive outreach and the choice of tobacco treatments compared to usual care...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144059/association-between-smoking-and-glycemic-control-in-diabetic-patients-results-from-the-reaction-study
#10
Kui Peng, Gang Chen, Chao Liu, Yiming Mu, Zhen Ye, Lixin Shi, Jiajun Zhao, Lulu Chen, Qiang Li, Tao Yang, Li Yan, Qin Wan, Shengli Wu, Guixia Wang, Zuojie Luo, Xulei Tang, Yanan Huo, Zhengnan Gao, Qing Su, Youmin Wang, Guijun Qin, Huacong Deng, Xuefeng Yu, Feixia Shen, Li Chen, Liebin Zhao, Yu Xu, Min Xu, Yuhong Chen, Jieli Lu, Lin Lin, Rui Du, Meng Dai, Mian Li, Tiange Wang, Zhiyun Zhao, Di Zhang, Yufang Bi, Donghui Li, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning
BACKGROUND: A number of primary studies suggested that active smoking could be independently associated with incident diabetes. However less is known about the impact of active smoking and smoking cessation on glycemic control in patients with diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the associations of active smoking and smoking cessation with glycemic control in diabetic patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 10,551 man and 15,297 women with diabetes from the Risk Evaluation of cAncers in Chinese diabeTic Individuals: a lONgitudinal (REACTION) study...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143193/cigarette-demand-among-smokers-with-elevated-depressive-symptoms-an-experimental-comparison-with-low-depressive-symptoms
#11
Roberto Secades-Villa, Sara Weidberg, Alba González-Roz, Derek D Reed, José R Fernández-Hermida
RATIONALE: Individuals with depression smoke more than smokers without depression. Research has shown that cigarette demand is a useful tool for quantifying tobacco reinforcement and supposes a clinical predictor of treatment outcomes. Despite previous studies examining the relative reinforcing efficacy of nicotine among different populations of smokers, to date, no study has assessed cigarette demand among individuals with elevated depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare cigarette demand among samples of smokers with low and elevated depressive symptoms...
November 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143147/-esc-guidelines-2017-on-peripheral-arterial-diseases-summary-of-the-most-important-recommendations-and-innovations
#12
C Espinola-Klein
The current European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines on peripheral arterial diseases include recommendations on diagnostics and treatment of atherosclerotic manifestations in peripheral arteries. Because of the high coincidence of atherosclerosis in different arterial territories, screening for other atherosclerotic lesions is necessary in patients with clinical symptoms in one vascular bed. Consistent treatment of cardiovascular risk factors is important in all patients with peripheral atherosclerosis...
November 15, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142980/effectiveness-of-multifaceted-care-approach-on-adverse-clinical-outcomes-in-nondiabetic-ckd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Aminu K Bello, Bilal Qarni, Arian Samimi, Julius Okel, Trish Chatterley, Ikechi G Okpechi, Ben Vandermeer, Branko Braam
Introduction: The risk of major adverse events associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD) could potentially be reduced with effective medical interventions. The impact of multifaceted interventions as compared with usual care in patients with nondiabetic CKD is unclear. We performed a systematic review to analyze the impact of multifaceted interventions on reducing the risk of major adverse events in this population. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142531/factors-associated-with-implementation-of-the-5a-s-smoking-cessation-model
#14
C Martínez, Y Castellano, A Andrés, M Fu, L Antón, M Ballbè, P Fernández, S Cabrera, A Riccobene, E Gavilan, A Feliu, A Baena, M Margalef, E Fernández
Background: Several health organizations have adopted the 5A's brief intervention model (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange), based on evidence-based guidelines for smoking cessation. We examine individual, cognitive, behavioral, and organizational factors associated with the 5A's performance among clinical healthcare workers in Catalonia. We also investigate how these factors interact and potentially predict the implementation of each component of the 5A's. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among clinical health workers enrolled in an online smoking cessation training course (n = 580)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141344/-study-on-smoking-attributed-death-and-effects-of-smoking-cessation-in-residents-aged-35-79-years-in-tianjin-2016
#15
W Li, D Z Wang, H Zhang, Z L Xu, X D Xue, G H Jiang
Objective: To analyze the influence of smoking on deaths in residents aged 35-79 years and the effects of smoking cessation in Tianjin. Methods: The data of 39 499 death cases aged 35-79 years in 2016 in Tianjin were collected, the risks for deaths caused by smoking related diseases and excess deaths as well as effects of smoking cessation were analyzed after adjusting 5 year old age group, education level and marital status. Results: Among the 39 499 deaths cases, 1 589 (13.56%) were caused by smoking, the percentage of the excess mortality of lung cancer caused by smoking was highest (47...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141328/-association-between-smoking-smoking-cessation-and-glycemic-control-in-male-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
J Su, Y Qin, C Shen, Y Gao, E C Pan, X Q Pan, R Tao, Y Q Zhang, M Wu
Objective: To explore the association of smoking and smoking cessation with glycemic control in male patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: From December 2013 to January 2014, a total of 7 763 male patients with type 2 diabetes, who received national basic public health service in Changshu county of Suzhou city, Huai'an and Qinghe districts of Huai'an city, Jiangsu province, were recruited by cluster sampling. Questionnaire survey and anthropometric measurements were conducted, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were measured...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140651/fda-required-tobacco-product-inserts-onserts%C3%A2-and-the-first-amendment
#17
Eric N Lindblom, Micah L Berman, James F Thrasher
In 2012, a federal court of appeals struck down an FDA rule requiring graphic health warnings on cigarettes as violating First Amendment commercial speech protections. Tobacco product inserts and onserts can more readily avoid First Amendment constraints while delivering more extensive information to tobacco users, and can work effectively to support and encourage smoking cessation. This paper examines FDA’s authority to require effective inserts and onserts and shows how FDA could design and support them to avoid First Amendment problems...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140450/smoking-cessation-delivery-by-general-practitioners-in-crete-greece
#18
Charis Girvalaki, Sophia Papadakis, Constantine Vardavas, Eleni Petridou, Andrew Pipe, Christos Lionis
Background: Tobacco dependence treatment in clinical settings is of prime public health importance, especially in Greece, a country experiencing one of the highest rates of tobacco use in Europe. Methods: Our study aimed to examine the characteristics of tobacco users and document rates of tobacco treatment delivery in general practice settings in Crete, Greece. A cross-sectional sample of patients (n = 2, 261) was screened for current tobacco use in 25 general practices in Crete, Greece in 2015/16...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139311/baseline-sleep-quality-is-a-significant-predictor-of-quit-day-smoking-self-efficacy-among-low-income-treatment-seeking-smokers
#19
Uma S Nair, Patricia Haynes, Bradley N Collins
Compared to non-smokers, smokers have an increased risk for poor sleep quality, which could undermine confidence to quit. This study examined whether baseline sleep quality was associated with quit-day smoking self-efficacy among smokers enrolled in a smoking cessation trial. Treatment-seeking low-income smokers were randomized to either a low-intensity physical activity integrated with standard smoking cessation intervention or standard care cessation only. Poor sleep quality was significantly associated with lower quit-day (week 4) smoking self-efficacy ( β = -0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139190/a-man-before-his-time-russell-s-insights-into-nicotine-smoking-treatment-and-curbing-the-smoking-problem
#20
Ann McNeill, Debbie Robson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This narrative review aimed to provide a brief overview of five key research 'classics' produced by the innovative and radical thought leader, Professor Michael Anthony Hamilton Russell (1932-2009), drawing upon his other work wherever feasible. METHODS: Narrative review. From more than 250 publications, we selected papers we considered seminal texts, published in 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979 and 1991. RESULTS: Russell was among the first researchers to explain that smoking was a dependence disorder caused by the drug nicotine decades before this was recognized formally...
November 15, 2017: Addiction
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