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smoking cessation

Huanhuan Hu, Naoko Sasaki, Takayuki Ogasawara, Satsue Nagahama, Shamima Akter, Keisuke Kuwahara, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Ikuko Kashino, Taizo Murakami, Makiko Shimizu, Akihiko Uehara, Makoto Yamamoto, Tohru Nakagawa, Toru Honda, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Ai Hori, Chihiro Nishiura, Hiroko Okazaki, Teppei Imai, Akiko Nishihara, Toshiaki Miyamoto, Kentaro Tomita, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue, Naoki Kunugita, Seitaro Dohi
Introduction: We aimed to determine the prospective association of smoking status, smoking intensity, and smoking cessation with the risk of hearing loss in a large Japanese cohort. Methods: The cohort study included 50195 employees, who were aged 20-64 years and free of hearing loss at baseline. Participants were followed up for a maximum of 8 years. Pure-tone audiometric testing was performed annually to identify hearing loss at 1 and 4 kHz. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to investigate the association between smoking and hearing loss...
March 14, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Alison Luther, Joseph Gabriel, Richard P Watson, Nader K Francis
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in perioperative care, post-operative clinical and functional outcomes after major abdominal surgery can be suboptimal. Prehabilitation programmes attempt to optimise a patient's preoperative condition to improve outcomes. Total body prehabilitation includes structured exercise, nutritional optimisation, psychological support and cessation of negative health behaviours. This systematic review aims to report on the current literature regarding the impact of total body prehabilitation prior to major abdominal surgery...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Korkut Bekiroglu, Constantino Lagoa, Stephanie T Lanza, Mario Sznaier
Considerable effort has been devoted to the development of algorithms for identification of parsimonious discrete time models from noisy input/output data sets since this facilitates controller design. Several methods, such as nuclear norm minimization, have been used to provide approximate solutions to this non-convex problem. However, even though the field of continuous time system identification is now mature, results on parsimonious model identification of continuous time systems are still very limited...
July 2017: Proceedings of the IFAC World Congress
Gimano D Amatngalim, Jasmijn A Schrumpf, Fernanda Dishchekenian, Tinne C J Mertens, Dennis K Ninaber, Abraham C van der Linden, Charles Pilette, Christian Taube, Pieter S Hiemstra, Anne M van der Does
Research question : It is currently unknown how cigarette smoke-induced airway remodelling affects highly expressed respiratory epithelial defence proteins and thereby mucosal host defence. Methods: Localization of a selected set of highly expressed respiratory epithelial host defence proteins was assessed in well-differentiated primary bronchial epithelial cell (PBEC) cultures. Next, PBEC were cultured at the air-liquid interface and during differentiation for 2-3 weeks daily exposed to whole cigarette smoke...
March 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Yuan Ding, Kent A Nielsen, Bruno P Nielsen, Niels W Bøje, Rainer H Müller, Sung Min Pyo
Nicotine, obtained from tobacco leaves, has been used to promote the cessation of smoking and reduce the risk of COPD and lung cancer. Incorporating the active in lipid nanoparticles is an effective tool to minimize its irritation potential and to use the particles as intermediate to produce final products. However, as a hydrophilic active, it is a challenge to prepare nicotine loaded lipid nanoparticles with high drug loading. In this study, lipid-drug-conjugates (LDC) were formed by nicotine and different fatty acids to enable the production of sufficiently loaded nicotine lipid nanoparticles...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Željko Reiner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
M Snaterse, J W Deckers, M J Lenzen, H T Jorstad, D De Bacquer, R J G Peters, C Jennings, K Kotseva, W J M Scholte Op Reimer
OBJECTIVE: We investigated smoking cessation rates in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients throughout Europe; current and as compared to earlier EUROASPIRE surveys, and we studied characteristics of successful quitters. METHODS: Analyses were done on 7998 patients from the EUROASPIRE-IV survey admitted for myocardial infarction, unstable angina and coronary revascularisation. Self-reported smoking status was validated by measuring carbon monoxide in exhaled air...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Neil Walker, Yaling Yang, Vasiliki Kiparoglou, Subhash Pokhrel, Hayley Robinson, Hugo van Woerden
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation services provide support to smokers who desire to quit. Published studies to date have looked at the cost and benefit of service provision but typically focus on clinical trial data. Using routinely collected observational data, this study examined the costs involved in providing a service in terms of average health care expenditure per successful quit attempt in addition to population - level cost-effectiveness measures. METHODS: Data were analysed from Quit-51 smoking cessation service across five English regions between March 2013 and March 2016 (n = 9116)...
March 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Eleni M Rettig, Carole Fakhry, Russell K Hales, Flora Kisuule, Harry Quon, Ana P Kiess, Linda X Yin, Yuehan Zhang, Amanda L Blackford, M Bradley Drummond, Christine G Gourin, Wayne M Koch, David W Eisele, Gypsyamber D'Souza
BACKGROUND: Smoking among patients with cancer is associated with poor outcomes, however, smoking cessation interventions have had limited success. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial compared a novel smoking cessation intervention ("intervention") with enhanced usual care ("control"). Participants were smokers with head and neck or thoracic malignancies undergoing radiation. Controls received brief counseling. Intervention participants received intensive counseling, pharmacotherapy, text-messaging, and financial incentives...
March 15, 2018: Head & Neck
Christian Viniol, Claus F Vogelmeier
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death worldwide. While COPD is a mainly chronic disease, a substantial number of patients suffer from exacerbations. Severe exacerbations are related to a significantly worse survival outcome. This review summarises the current knowledge on the different aspects of COPD exacerbations. The impact of risk factors and triggers such as smoking, severe airflow limitation, bronchiectasis, bacterial and viral infections and comorbidities is discussed...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
John T Mitchell, Andrea L Howard, Katherine A Belendiuk, Traci M Kennedy, Annamarie Stehli, James M Swanson, Lily Hechtman, L Eugene Arnold, Betsy Hoza, Benedetto Vitiello, Bo Lu, Scott H Kollins, Brooke S G Molina
Introduction: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for smoking cigarettes, but there is little longitudinal research on the array of smoking characteristics known to be prognostic of long-term smoking outcomes into adulthood. These variables were studied into early adulthood in a multi-site sample diagnosed with ADHD combined-type at ages 7-9.9 and followed prospectively alongside an age- and sex-matched local normative comparison group (LNCG)...
March 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Romano Endrighi, Elizabeth L McQuaid, Yvonne Kiera Bartlett, Ashley H Clawson, Belinda Borrelli
Background: Depressive symptoms are elevated in parents of asthmatic children compared with parents of healthy children. The role of depression in smoking cessation and pediatric asthma outcomes in this population is unclear. Purpose: To prospectively examine the effect of parent depression on smoking cessation and child asthma outcomes. Methods: Secondary analysis from a cessation induction trial involving Motivational Interviewing (MI) and biomarker feedback on secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe)...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Thaís Garcia, Sílvia Aline Dos Santos Andrade, Angélica Teresa Biral, André Luiz Bertani, Laura Miranda de Oliveira Caram, Talita Jacon Cezare, Irma Godoy, Suzana Erico Tanni
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a smoking cessation program, delivered by trained health care professionals, in patients hospitalized for acute respiratory disease (RD) or heart disease (HD). METHODS: Of a total of 393 patients evaluated, we included 227 (146 and 81 active smokers hospitalized for HD and RD, respectively). All participants received smoking cessation treatment during hospitalization and were followed in a cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation program for six months after hospital discharge...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Samir S Soneji, Hai-Yen Sung, Brian A Primack, John P Pierce, James D Sargent
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may help cigarette smokers quit smoking, yet they may also facilitate cigarette smoking for never-smokers. We quantify the balance of health benefits and harms associated with e-cigarette use at the population level. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Monte Carlo stochastic simulation model. Model parameters were drawn from census counts, national health and tobacco use surveys, and published literature. We calculate the expected years of life gained or lost from the impact of e-cigarette use on smoking cessation among current smokers and transition to long-term cigarette smoking among never smokers for the 2014 US population cohort...
2018: PloS One
Bente T Jensen, Susanne V Lauridsen, Jørgen B Jensen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Whether prehabilitation in radical cystectomy adds to the effort of reducing postoperative morbidity and impairments in the survivorship phase has until recently received limited attention. This narrative review aims to summarize the current evidence base on prehabilitaion interventions focusing on the efficacy of procedure-specific interventions and the influence on postoperative outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Given the oncological risk, there is a relative short window to intervene and proactively optimize the patient before radical cystectomy...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
Seung Hee Choi, Roxane R Chan, Rebecca H Lehto
BACKGROUND: While much research and practice resources have addressed smoking cessation among cancer patients, less emphasis has been placed on personal psychological and environment factors associated with smoking at the time of diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences in psychological distress, optimism, and perceptions of the health environment/illness experience based on smoking status in patients with current, former, and no smoking history with newly diagnosed suspected or actual lung cancer...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Maurizio Giordano, Kumar Parijat Tripathi, Mario Rosario Guarracino
BACKGROUND: System toxicology aims at understanding the mechanisms used by biological systems to respond to toxicants. Such understanding can be leveraged to assess the risk of chemicals, drugs, and consumer products in living organisms. In system toxicology, machine learning techniques and methodologies are applied to develop prediction models for classification of toxicant exposure of biological systems. Gene expression data (RNA/DNA microarray) are often used to develop such prediction models...
March 8, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
Tadasu Horai, Akitoyo Hishimoto, Ikuo Otsuka, Tatsuhiro So, Kentaro Mouri, Naofumi Shimmyo, Shuken Boku, Noriaki Okishio, Ichiro Sora
Background: Alcohol dependence induces low bone mineral density (BMD), predicting osteoporosis, while low and moderate alcohol consumption may even increase BMD. In recent years, undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRACP-5b), bone turnover markers, have gained special interest as useful indicators of low BMD. However, it remains unclear whether other alcohol-related variables (eg, duration of abstinence and continuous drinking) are linked to aberrant BMD...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Steffani R Bailey, Victor J Stevens, Stephen P Fortmann, Stephen E Kurtz, Mary Ann McBurnie, Elisa Priest, Jon Puro, Leif I Solberg, Rebecca Schweitzer, Andrew L Masica, Brian Hazlehurst
PURPOSE: To test the association between repeated clinical smoking cessation support and long-term cessation. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational cohort study using structured and free-text data from electronic health records. SETTING: Six diverse health systems in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged ≥18 years who were smokers in 2007 and had ≥1 primary care visit in each of the following 4 years (N = 33 691)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Rhonda Schwindt, Karen Suchanek Hudmon, Mitchell Knisely, Lorie Davis, Caitlin Pike
Persons with mental illness smoke at rates two to four times higher than do persons without mental illness and comprise 30.9% of the U.S. tobacco market. Given the prevalence of mental illness and the known detrimental effects of tobacco, concerted efforts are needed to promote the use of evidence-based treatment options. We conducted a systematic review of studies that examined the impact of tobacco quitline interventions in this population. Results revealed an overall positive impact of cessation services delivered via a tobacco quitline...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drug Education
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