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Patellofemoral syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900474/bone-scan-usefulness-in-patients-with-painful-hip-or-knee-prosthesis-10-situations-that-can-cause-pain-other-than-loosening-and-infection
#1
REVIEW
Sofia Vaz, Teresa C Ferreira, Lucília Salgado, Frédéric Paycha
In recent years, with the higher median life expectancy, the number of hip and knee replacements has increased. Clinical examination and morphological studies are essential to evaluate patients with a painful arthroplasty. Nuclear medicine examinations also play an important role, their main usefulness being the exclusion of prosthesis complications. Nevertheless, conventional examinations, namely bone scan and white blood cell scintigraphy, can also identify complications, such as loosening and infection. This study describes the normal and pathologic patterns of a bone scan and exemplifies ten common situations that can cause pain in patients with hip or knee arthroplasty, other than loosening and infection, which can be disclosed on a bone scintigraphy...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888261/fluctuating-residual-limb-volume-accommodated-with-an-adjustable-modular-socket-design-a-novel-case-report
#2
Kay Mitton, Jai Kulkarni, Kenneth William Dunn, Anthony Hoang Ung
BACKGROUND: This novel case report describes the problems of prescribing a prosthetic socket in a left transfemoral amputee secondary to chronic patellofemoral instability compounded by complex regional pain syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION AND METHODS: Following the amputation, complex regional pain syndrome symptoms recurred in the residual limb, presenting mainly with oedema. Due to extreme daily volume fluctuations of the residual limb, a conventional, laminated thermoplastic socket fitting was not feasible...
November 24, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847840/the-effect-of-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-on-gait-parameters-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Mokhtar Arazpour, Fateme Bahramian, Atefeh Abutorabi, Seyed Taghi Nourbakhsh, Ardeshir Alidousti, Hamidreza Aslani
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most frequent causes of anterior knee pain in adolescents and adults. This disorder can have a big effect on patients' ability and quality of life and gait. This review included all articles published during 1990 to 2016. An extensive literature search was performed in databases of Science Direct, Google Scholar, PubMed and ISI Web of Knowledge using OR, AND, NOT between the selected keywords. Finally, 16 articles were selected from final evaluation. In PFPS subjects, there was lower gait velocity, decreased cadence, and reduced knee extensor moment in the loading response and terminal stance, delayed peak rear foot eversion during gait and greater hip adduction compared to healthy subjects, while for hip rotation, there was controversy in studies...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814851/does-leg-predomination-affect-the-measurement-of-vasti-muscle-activity-during-single-leg-squatting-a-reliability-study
#4
Javid Mostamand, Dan L Bader, Zoë Hudson
INTRODUCTION: Although measuring vasti muscle activity may reveal whether pain relief is associated with altering this parameter during functional activities in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), it may be necessary to determine whether the inherent properties of the dominant leg influences the reliability of measuring VMO/VL amplitude. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of leg predomination on reliability testing of the VMO/VL amplitude measurement during single leg squatting in healthy subjects...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755640/relationship-between-posterior-inferior-tibial-slope-and-bilateral-noncontact-acl-injury
#5
Steven T Hendrix, Austin M Barrett, Bopha Chrea, William H Replogle, Josie M Hydrick, Gene R Barrett
Is there a correlation between increased posterior-inferior tibial slope angle and noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury? Does increasing the posterior-inferior tibial slope angle increase the risk of bilateral ACL injury? A computerized relational database (Access 2007; Microsoft Inc, Redmond, Washington) was used to conduct a retrospective review of patients undergoing bilateral or unilateral ACL reconstruction surgery or treatment by a single surgeon between 1995 and 2013. Included in the study were patients with bilateral and unilateral ACL injuries and patellofemoral pain syndrome with no associated ACL deficiency...
October 18, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693990/mcconnell-s-patellar-taping-does-not-alter-knee-and-hip-muscle-activation-differences-during-proprioceptive-exercises-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-in-women-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#6
Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Christiane de Souza Guerino Macedo, Daiene Ferreira, Leonardo Shigaki, Rubens A da Silva
: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of patellar taping on muscle activation of the knee and hip muscles in women with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome during five proprioceptive exercises. Forty sedentary women with syndrome were randomly allocated in two groups: Patellar Taping (based in McConnell) and Placebo (vertical taping on patella without any stretching of lateral structures of the knee). Volunteers performed five proprioceptive exercises randomly: Swing apparatus, Mini-trampoline, Bosu balance ball, Anteroposterior sway on a rectangular board and Mediolateral sway on a rectangular board...
December 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693442/hip-abductor-strength-and-lower-extremity-running-related-injury-in-distance-runners-a-systematic-review
#7
Matthew D Mucha, Wade Caldwell, Emily L Schlueter, Carly Walters, Amy Hassen
OBJECTIVES: Determine the association between hip abduction strength and lower extremity running related injury in distance runners. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal and cross sectional studies that quantified hip abduction strength and provided diagnosis of running related injury in distance runners were included and assessed for quality. Effect size was calculated for between group differences in hip abduction strength...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686412/the-association-of-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-with-hip-and-knee-kinematics-during-the-lateral-step-down-test
#8
Alon Rabin, Sigal Portnoy, Zvi Kozol
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Altered hip and knee kinematics have been associated with several knee disorders, including anterior cruciate ligament tear, patellofemoral pain, and iliotibial band syndrome. Limited ankle dorsiflexion (DF) range of motion (ROM), which has been linked with some of these disorders, has also been associated with altered knee kinematics. Objective To explore the association of ankle DF ROM with hip and knee kinematics during a step-down task. Methods Thirty healthy participants underwent a 3-D analysis of hip and knee kinematics during a lateral step-down test, followed by measurement of ankle DF ROM in weight bearing (WB) and non-weight bearing (NWB)...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623622/do-early-life-factors-affect-the-development-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-later-life-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Benny Antony, Graeme Jones, Xingzhong Jin, Changhai Ding
Osteoarthritis (OA) mainly affects older populations; however, it is possible that early life factors contribute to the development of OA in later life. The aim of this review is to describe the association between childhood or early adulthood risk factors and knee pain, structural imaging markers and development of knee OA in later life. A narrative overview of the literature synthesising the findings of literature retrieved from searches of computerised databases and manual searches was conducted. We found that only a few studies have explored the long-term effect of childhood or early adulthood risk factors on the markers of joint health that predispose people to OA or joint symptoms...
September 13, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512259/short-term-effects-of-kinesio-tape-on-joint-position-sense-isokinetic-measurements-and-clinical-parameters-in-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#10
Emine Eda Kurt, Öznur Büyükturan, Hatice Rana Erdem, Figen Tuncay, Hicabi Sezgin
[Purpose] To evaluate the short-term effects of kinesio tape on joint position sense, isokinetic measurements, kinesiophobia, symptoms, and functional limitations in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 90 patients (112 knees) with patellofemoral pain syndrome were randomized into a kinesio tape group (n=45) or placebo kinesio tape group (n=45). Baseline isokinetic quadriceps muscle tests and measurements of joint position sense were performed in both groups. Pain was measured with a Visual Analog Scale, kinesiophobia with the Tampa kinesiophobia scale, and symptoms and functional limitations with the Kujala pain scale...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511483/the-effect-of-hip-and-knee-exercises-on-pain-function-and-strength-in-patientswith-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Mehtap Şahin, Fikriye Figen Ayhan, Pınar Borman, Hüseyin Atasoy
BACKGROUND/AIM: The role of hip muscles in the rehabilitation of patellofemoral pain syndrome has recently received interest. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiencies of hip exercises alongside knee exercises versus only knee exercises on pain, function, and isokinetic muscle strength in patients with this syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five young female patients (mean age: 34.1 ± 6.2 years; mean BMI: 25.9 ± 3.9 kg/m2) with patellofemoral pain syndrome were included...
February 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511217/comparison-of-patellofemoral-outcomes-after-tka-using-two-prostheses-with-different-patellofemoral-design-features
#12
Dae Kyung Bae, Jong Hun Baek, Kyung Tack Yoon, Hyuck Sung Son, Sang Jun Song
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to compare the clinical and radiographic results after TKA using two prostheses with different sagittal patellofemoral design features, including outcomes related to compatibility of the patellofemoral joint. METHODS: The clinical and radiographic results of 81 patients (100 knees) who underwent TKA using the specific prosthesis (group A) were compared with those in a control group who underwent TKA using the other prosthesis (group B)...
August 10, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470227/kinematic-and-electromyographic-analysis-in-patients-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-during-single-leg-triple-hop-test
#13
Marcelo Martins Kalytczak, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli, Amir Curcio Dos Reis, André Serra Bley, Daniela Aparecida Biasotto-Gonzalez, João Carlos Ferrari Correa, Fabiano Politti
Possible delays in pre-activation or deficiencies in the activity of the dynamic muscle stabilizers of the knee and hip joints are the most common causes of the patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). The aim of the study was to compare kinematic variables and electromyographic activity of the vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles between patients with PFPS and health subjects during the single leg triple hop test (SLTHT). This study included 14 female with PFPS (PFPS group) and 14 female healthy with no history of knee pain (Healthy group)...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392843/impairments-of-postural-stability-core-endurance-fall-index-and-functional-mobility-skills-in-patients-with-patello-femoral-pain-syndrome
#14
Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar, Yasemin Çirak, Murat Dalkilinç, Yasemin Parlak Demir, Gul Baltaci, Mahmut Kömürcü, Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar
BACKGROUND: Postural control allows performance of daily and sports activities. The previous studies show that postural sway inceases in orthopaedic injuries such as osteoarthritis and total knee arthroplasty. OBJECTIVE: To compare postural sway, risk of falling and function between individuals with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFS). METHODS: This study included 22 subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome, age-matched pain-free 22 females serving as a control group...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367574/running-related-gluteus-medius-function-in-health-and-injury-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
Adam Semciw, Racheal Neate, Tania Pizzari
Running is a popular sport and recreational physical activity worldwide. Musculoskeletal injuries in runners are common and may be attributed to the inability to control pelvic equilibrium in the coronal plane. This lack of pelvic control in the frontal plane can stem from dysfunction of the gluteus medius. The aim of this systematic review was therefore to: (i) compile evidence of the activity profile of gluteus medius when running; (ii) identify how gluteus medius activity (electromyography) varies with speed, cadence and gender when running; (iii) compare gluteus medius activity in injured runners to matched controls...
October 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27361863/core-neuromuscular-training-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-individuals-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-3294-board-359-june-3-3-30-pm-5-00-pm
#16
Nazanin Nejati, Jeremy A Patterson, Negin Arjang, Alireza Motealleh, Mana Biabani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27360538/short-arc-training-effects-on-knee-strength-pain-functional-performance-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-patients-1619-board-272-june-2-8-00-am-9-30-am
#17
Damla Tok, Gulcan Harput, Volga Bayrakci Tunay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328121/knee-deformities-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-focus-on-knee-malalignment
#18
Maria Del Pilar Duque Orozco, Oussama Abousamra, Brian Po-Jung Chen, Kenneth J Rogers, Julieanne P Sees, Freeman Miller
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral instability (PFI) has been the most reported knee abnormality in people with Down syndrome. Other reported knee abnormalities have been associated with PFI and different management approaches have been described with variable outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the anatomic variations of the knee in children with Down syndrome. A comparison between knees with and without PFI was performed and our experience in treating knee abnormalities in Down syndrome was also reported...
June 18, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313363/effectiveness-of-core-muscle-strengthening-for-improving-pain-and-dynamic-balance-among-female-patients-with-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#19
Mohamed Faisal Chevidikunnan, Amer Al Saif, Riziq Allah Gaowgzeh, Khaled A Mamdouh
[Purpose] Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a frequent musculoskeletal disorder, which can result from core muscles instability that can lead to pain and altered dynamic balance. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of core muscle strengthening on pain and dynamic balance in female patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty female patients with age ranging from 16 to 40 years with patellofemoral pain syndrome were divided into study (N=10) and control (N=10) groups...
May 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284321/treatment-of-patellar-instability-in-a-case-of-hereditary-onycho-osteodysplasia-nail-patella-syndrome-with-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-report
#20
Yubao Gong, Chen Yang, Yang Liu, Jianguo Liu, Xin Qi
Hereditary onycho-osteodysplasia, also known as nail-patella syndrome (NPS), is a rare genetic disorder that is primarily characterized by poorly developed nails and patella. Patients with NPS frequently suffer from patellar instability that requires surgical management. The present case report describes a 25-year-old man with NPS. The patient presented with left knee pain and was found to have recurrent left patellar dislocation. The knee pain was first reported 1-year after a minor knee trauma incident. Following complete evaluation, a diagnosis of NPS was reached...
June 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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