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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931256/the-posterior-transcallosal-approach-to-the-pineal-region-and-posterior-third-ventricle-intervenous-and-paravenous-variants
#1
Prayash G Patel, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol, Philippe Mercier, Frederick A Boop, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: There are a number of surgical approaches to the posterior third ventricle and pineal region, each with its associated advantages and disadvantages. OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with the posterior interhemispheric transcallosal approach and to analyze the indications, technique, and outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to identify and analyze all children and young adults who underwent the posterior transcallosal approach from July 2010 to March 2015...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931255/initial-single-center-technical-experience-with-the-brainpath-system-for-acute-intracerebral-hemorrhage-evacuation
#2
Andrew M Bauer, Peter A Rasmussen, Mark D Bain
BACKGROUND: Surgical intervention has been proposed as a means of reducing the high morbidity and mortality associated with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), but many previously reported studies have failed to show a clinically significant benefit. Newer, minimally invasive approaches have shown some promise. OBJECTIVE: We report our early single-center technical experience with minimally invasive clot evacuation using the BrainPath system. METHODS: Prospective data were collected on patients who underwent ICH evacuation with BrainPath at the Cleveland Clinic from August 2013 to May 2015...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931250/minimally-invasive-transpalpebral-endoscopic-assisted-amygdalohippocampectomy
#3
Mauricio Mandel, Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo, Suzana Abramovicz Mandel, Rafael Tutihashi, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Although anterior temporal lobectomy may be a definitive surgical treatment for epileptic patients with mesial temporal sclerosis, it often results in verbal, visual, and cognitive dysfunction. Studies have consistently reported the advantages of selective procedures compared with a standard anterior temporal lobectomy, mainly in terms of neuropsychological outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To describe a new technique to perform a selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAH) through a transpalpebral approach with endoscopic assistance...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931236/a-molecular-assay-to-quantify-male-and-female-plasmodium-falciparum-gametocytes-results-from-2-randomized-controlled-trials-using-primaquine-for-gametocyte-clearance
#4
Will Stone, Patrick Sawa, Kjerstin Lanke, Sanna Rijpma, Robin Oriango, Maureen Nyaurah, Paul Osodo, Victor Osoti, Almahamoudou Mahamar, Halimatou Diawara, Rob Woestenenk, Wouter Graumans, Marga van de Vegte-Bolmer, John Bradley, Ingrid Chen, Joelle Brown, Giulia Siciliano, Pietro Alano, Roly Gosling, Alassane Dicko, Chris Drakeley, Teun Bousema
Background: Single low-dose primaquine (PQ) reduces Plasmodium falciparum infectivity before it impacts gametocyte density. Here, we examined the effect of PQ on gametocyte sex ratio as a possible explanation for this early sterilizing effect. Methods: Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays were developed to quantify female gametocytes (targeting Pfs25 messenger RNA [mRNA]) and male gametocytes (targeting Pf3D7_1469900 mRNA) in 2 randomized trials in Kenya and Mali, comparing dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) alone to DP with PQ...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931225/persistent-herpesvirus-infections-and-telomere-attrition-over-3-years-in-the-whitehall-ii-cohort
#5
Jennifer B Dowd, Jos A Bosch, Andrew Steptoe, Bamini Jayabalasingham, Jue Lin, Robert Yolken, Allison E Aiello
The determinants of telomere attrition, a potential marker of cellular aging, are not well understood. Persistent herpesvirus infections including cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection may be particularly important for telomere dynamics via mechanisms such as inflammation, oxidative stress, and their impact on peripheral blood lymphocyte composition. This study examined the association of 4 human herpesviruses (CMV, herpes simplex virus type 1, human herpesvirus type 6, and Epstein-Barr virus) with change in leukocyte telomere length (LTL) over 3 years in 400 healthy individuals (aged 53-76 years) from the Whitehall II cohort...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931219/long-term-chikungunya-sequelae-in-cura%C3%A3-ao-burden-determinants-and-a-novel-classification-tool
#6
Jelte Elsinga, Izzy Gerstenbluth, Symkje van der Ploeg, Yaskara Halabi, Norédiz T Lourents, Johannes G Burgerhof, Henry T van der Veen, Ajay Bailey, Martin P Grobusch, Adriana Tami
Background: Beyond the acute illness phase, chikungunya constitutes a public health problem given its chronic disease phase, which may include long-term arthralgia, arthritis, fatigue, and depression. Currently, there is no consensus on how to define chikungunya chronicity. Methods: A comprehensive cross-sectional survey was performed in Curaçao in June and July 2015 to evaluate 304 adult laboratory-confirmed chikungunya patients 3-16 months after diagnosis. We developed a novel tool, the Curaçao Long-Term Chikungunya Sequelae (CLTCS) score, to classify chronic chikungunya disease and estimate its burden regarding disease duration, clinical presentation, and impact on quality of life...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931203/scalpel-versus-electrosurgery-for-major-abdominal-incisions
#7
REVIEW
Kittipat Charoenkwan, Zipporah Iheozor-Ejiofor, Kittipan Rerkasem, Elizabeth Matovinovic
BACKGROUND: Scalpels or electrosurgery can be used to make abdominal incisions. The potential benefits of electrosurgery may include reduced blood loss, dry and rapid separation of tissue, and reduced risk of cutting injury to surgeons. Postsurgery risks possibly associated with electrosurgery may include poor wound healing and complications such as surgical site infection. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of electrosurgery compared with scalpel for major abdominal incisions...
June 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931202/different-sized-incisions-for-phacoemulsification-in-age-related-cataract
#8
REVIEW
Chongfei Jin, Xinyi Chen, Andrew Law, Yunhee Kang, Xue Wang, Wen Xu, Ke Yao
BACKGROUND: Age-related cataract is the principal cause of blindness and visual impairment in the world. Phacoemulsification is the main surgical procedure used to treat cataract. The comparative effectiveness and safety of different-sized incisions for phacoemulsification has not been determined. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness and safety of smaller versus larger incisions for phacoemulsification in age-related cataract...
September 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931195/hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-laser-treatment-of-epistaxis
#9
Gorazd Poje, Marcel Marjanović Kavanagh
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a rare, autosomal dominant disorder characterized by recurrent epistaxis, telangiectasias, and multiorgan vascular dysplasia. Various modalities exist for the treatment of HHT-related chronic epistaxis, although no method is preferred over another. The aim of this study was to review the effectiveness of diode laser photocoagulation in the treatment of epistaxis in patients with HHT. The study included 17 patients (7 men, 10 women) treated with diode laser photocoagulation from year 2008 to 2012...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931193/bacterial-cellulose-as-a-new-graft-model-for-the-turkish-delight-technique-in-rhinoplasty-an-experiment-in-20-rats
#10
Sevim Aydinli, Sultan Bişkin, Aykut Erdem Dinç, Yusuf Orhan Uçal, Nilüfer Kandemir, İshak Özel Tekin
We conducted an experiment to investigate the effectiveness of bacterial cellulose, a new graft material, in correcting and preventing dorsal nasal disorder in rhinoplasty. The experiment was performed on 20 Wistar albino rats. The rats were evenly divided into two groups: a fascia group and a cellulose group. In the fascia group, grafts from the conchal cartilage were removed, shredded, and then wrapped in temporal muscle fascia. In the cellulose group, shredded cartilage was wrapped in the bacterial cellulose...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931191/surgicel-use-in-control-of-primary-postadenoidectomy-bleeding
#11
Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Ahmad Abdel Nofal, Ashraf Elmalt
Although postadenoidectomy bleeding is a rare complication, it is serious and potentially fatal. Postnasal packing and cautery of the adenoid bed are the most popular methods of controlling postadenoidectomy bleeding. Many hazards and complications may arise from traditional nasopharyngeal packing and nasopharyngeal cautery. In this case series, oxidized regenerated cellulose (Surgicel Nu-Knit; Ethicon; Somerville, N.J) was inserted and used as postnasal packing to control primary postadenoidectomy bleeding in 9 cases after conventional curettage adenoidectomy...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931190/surgical-trainees-and-powered-drill-use-do-not-affect-type-i-tympanoplasty-hearing-outcomes
#12
David T Kent, David H Chi, Dennis J Kitsko
The purposes of this study were to determine if use of a powered drill or trainee involvement during tympanoplasty is associated with a decline in sensorineural hearing, as well as to examine whether trainee involvement affected tympanic membrane (TM) closure rates. This study was a chart review (February 2006 to October 2011) of 172 pediatric otolaryngology patients undergoing type I tympanoplasty for TM perforation of any etiology at a tertiary-care pediatric otolaryngology practice. Data collected included air conduction (AC) at 250 to 8,000 Hz, speech reception thresholds, bone conduction (BC) at 500 to 4,000 Hz, and air-bone gap (ABG) at 500 to 4,000 Hz...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931184/-modern-interdisciplinary-management-of-a-uretero-iliac-artery-fistula-case-report
#13
D Benedix, F Meyer, F Fischbach, A Janitzky, Z Halloul
Introduction Abnormal links between the arterial system and other luminal systems are a challenge to those in charge of their adequate diagnostic and therapeutic management. Objective Scientific case report on an individual who underwent successful treatment combining vascular-surgical and interventional radiology techniques for a rare right uretero-iliac artery fistula based on personal clinical experience, a selective literature research and a detailed discussion of current recommendations for diagnostic workup and subsequent treatment...
September 20, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931175/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-in-patients-with-acromegaly
#14
Jowita Halupczok-Żyła, Aleksandra Jawiarczyk-Przybyłowska, Marek Skrzypski, Mathias Z Strowski, Marek Bolanowski
Introduction The goal of the study was to investigate fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) levels in acromegalic patients in relation to the disease activity and to compare them with controls. Further, we aimed to evaluate the associations between FGF-21 and random growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), metabolic and anthropometric parameters. Materials and methods The study group consisted of 50 acromegalic patients divided into 3 subgroups on the basis of disease activity (AA - active acromegaly, CD - controlled disease, CA - cured acromegaly)...
September 20, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931169/effect-of-educational-package-on-lifestyle-of-primiparous-mothers-during-postpartum-period-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#15
Farzaneh Khodabandeh, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Mahin KamaliFard, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
A healthy lifestyle is important for mothers during the postpartum period. This study was conducted to determine the effects of a lifestyle educational package in primiparous women. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 220 mothers assigned to two groups using block randomization. In the intervention group, the mothers received face-to-face, phone and SMS counseling and a booklet in addition to routine postpartum training; in the control group, the mothers received only routine training. The Health Behaviors Questionnaire, a Food Frequency Questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931166/a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial-to-determine-impacts-of-the-harvest-of-the-month-program
#16
Robert G LaChausse
The study purpose was to examine the impact of the Harvest of the Month (HOTM) program on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, FV preferences, other eating behaviors, physical activity and other variables related to healthy eating. A clustered randomized controlled trial was employed in 28 elementary schools. After parental consent was obtained, students in grades 4-6 were randomly assigned to treatment and control conditions (Intervention= 127, Control= 148). Students in the intervention group participated in HOTM, a widely used school-based nutrition promotion and obesity prevention program...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931157/is-nocturnal-foraging-in-a-tropical-bee-an-escape-from-interference-competition
#17
Adam R Smith, Shannon M Kitchen, Ryan M Toney, Christian Ziegler
Temporal niche partitioning may result from interference competition if animals shift their activity patterns to avoid aggressive competitors. If doing so also shifts food sources, it is difficult to distinguish the effects of interference and consumptive competition in selecting for temporal niche shift. Bees compete for pollen and nectar from flowers through both interference and consumptive competition, and some species of bees have evolved nocturnality. Here, we use tropical forest canopy towers to observe bees (the night-flying sweat bees Megalopta genalis and M...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931149/can-a-galacto-oligosaccharide-reduce-the-risk-of-traveller-s-diarrhoea-a-placebo-controlled-randomized-double-blind-study
#18
Gunnar Hasle, Ragnhild Raastad, Gunnar Bjune, Pål A Jenum, Lise Heier
Background: Diarrhoea is a common medical problem affecting travellers to Asia, Africa and Latin America. The use of prophylactic antimicrobial agents may increase the risk of contracting resistant bacteria. Findings indicate that oligosaccharides, i.e. carbohydrate chains of 3-10 monosaccharides, reduce the risk of diarrhoea. Methods: We performed a placebo-controlled, double-blind study of a galacto-oligosaccharide, B-GOS (Bimuno®, Clasado Ltd, Milton Keynes UK), vs placebo for participants travelling to countries with a high/intermediate risk of diarrhoea for 7-15 days...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931148/previous-exposure-in-a-high-risk-area-for-travellers-diarrhoea-within-the-past-year-is-associated-with-a-significant-protective-effect-for-travellers-diarrhoea-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study-in-travellers-to-south-asia
#19
Esther Kuenzli, David Juergensen, Kerstin Kling, Veronika K Jaeger, Susan DeCrom, Robert Steffen, Andreas F Widmer, Manuel Battegay, Christoph Hatz, Andreas Neumayr
Background: Travellers' diarrhoea is the most common health problem in travellers. Depending on the region visited, up to 40% of travellers develop diarrhoea during a 2-week trip. The aim of this study was to assess risk factors for TD among travellers to the Indian subcontinent. Methods: An observational prospective multicentre cohort study investigated travellers to the Indian subcontinent. Participants completed questionnaires assessing the incidence of travellers' diarrhoea and identifying potential risk factors...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931142/malaria-prevention-strategies-and-recommendations-from-chemoprophylaxis-to-stand-by-emergency-treatment-a-10-year-prospective-study-in-a-swiss-travel-clinic
#20
Rim Boubaker, Annie Hérard Fossati, Pierrette Meige, Catherine Mialet, Chantal Ngarambe Buffat, Jacynthe Rochat, Manisinh Souvannaraj-Blanchant, Mediatrice Uwanyiligira, Francine Widmer, Sylvie Payot, Laurence Rochat, Serge de Vallière, Valérie D'Acremont, Blaise Genton
Background: There are several possible malaria prevention strategies for travellers. In Switzerland, chemoprophylaxis (CP) is recommended for persons visiting areas highly endemic for malaria and stand-by emergency treatment (SBET) for areas with moderate to low risk. Objective: To describe the type of malaria prevention prescribed to travel clinic attendees with a specific focus on changes over time following adaptation of recommendations. Methods: All pre-travel first consultation data recorded between November 2002 and December 2012 were included...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
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