keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Evidence based practice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938795/lipid-lowering-nutraceuticals-in-clinical-practice-position-paper-from-an-international-lipid-expert-panel
#1
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandro Colletti, Gani Bajraktari, Olivier Descamps, Dragan M Djuric, Marat Ezhov, Zlatko Fras, Niki Katsiki, Michel Langlois, Gustavs Latkovskis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Gyorgy Paragh, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Olena Mitchenko, Bernhard Paulweber, Daniel Pella, Christos Pitsavos, Željko Reiner, Kausik K Ray, Manfredi Rizzo, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Maria-Corina Serban, Laurence S Sperling, Peter P Toth, Dragos Vinereanu, Michal Vrablík, Nathan D Wong, Maciej Banach
In recent years, there has been growing interest in the possible use of nutraceuticals to improve and optimize dyslipidemia control and therapy. Based on the data from available studies, nutraceuticals might help patients obtain theraputic lipid goals and reduce cardiovascular residual risk. Some nutraceuticals have essential lipid-lowering properties confirmed in studies; some might also have possible positive effects on nonlipid cardiovascular risk factors and have been shown to improve early markers of vascular health such as endothelial function and pulse wave velocity...
September 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#2
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937917/head-impact-exposure-measured-in-a-single-youth-football-team-during-practice-drills
#3
Mireille E Kelley, Joeline M Kane, Mark A Espeland, Logan E Miller, Alexander K Powers, Joel D Stitzel, Jillian E Urban
OBJECTIVE This study evaluated the frequency, magnitude, and location of head impacts in practice drills within a youth football team to determine how head impact exposure varies among different types of drills. METHODS On-field head impact data were collected from athletes participating in a youth football team for a single season. Each athlete wore a helmet instrumented with a Head Impact Telemetry (HIT) System head acceleration measurement device during all preseason, regular season, and playoff practices...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937412/evidence-based-practice-and-its-associated-factors-among-medical-laboratory-professionals-in-west-amhara-hospitals-northwest-ethiopia
#4
Meseret A Wassie, Atinkut A Zeleke, Berihun A Dachew, Mihiretu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Healthcare and clinical laboratory practices are constantly evolving, leading a need for evidence-based practice (EBP) among all laboratory professionals. However, EBP among laboratory professionals has not yet been studied in Ethiopia. AIMS: This study aimed to determine EBP and associated factors among medical laboratory professionals in West Amhara hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An analytic and descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in West Amhara hospitals from February to March 2014...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937148/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-ophthalmology-services-what-matters-most-to-young-people-with-visual-impairment
#5
A O Robertson, V Tadić, J S Rahi
PurposeTo identify the views and experiences and thus the transition-related needs of young people with visual impairment (VI), so as to inform future practice and policies.Patients and methodsQualitative study of 17 young people aged 16-19 years (ie the conventional transition age threshold) with VI (best-corrected acuity logMAR worse than 0.48) and without additional impairments, drawn from a sampling frame of paediatric ophthalmology patients attending Great Ormond Street Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital (London, UK)...
September 22, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936963/-application-of-self-made-guidance-for-difficult-gastric-tube-placement-in-patients-with-artificial-airway
#6
Xiaojie Chen, Jinchao Zhang, Wenxiu Li, Yiqing Jiang, Lingzhi Lin
OBJECTIVE: To use evidence-based nursing on patients with artificial airway to the practice of stomach tube, and to evaluate the self made guidance for difficult gastric tube placement in patients with artificial airway. METHODS: Forty patients with artificial airway and were difficult to put the tube, and admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of Harrison International Peace Hospital Affiliated to Hebei Medical University from April to December in 2016 were enrolled as observation group...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936949/-clinical-practice-guidelines-of-hap-vap-in-2016-the-updates
#7
Meizhu Lu, Yan Kang
Hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilatorassociated pneumonia (VAP) are common hospital-acquired infections with higher mortality, longer hospital stay and more hospitalization expenses. With the latest research results and evidence-based guideline methodology, Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and American Thoracic Society (ATS) have collaborated to create updated guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of HAP and VAP in 2016. It is worth critically reading and thinking that most recommendations are supported by low-quality or very-low quality evidence and some strong recommendations is different from the actual clinical work in China...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936887/interpretation-of-correlations-in-clinical-research
#8
Man Hung, Jerry Bounsanga, Maren Wright Voss
BACKGROUND: Critically analyzing research is a key skill in evidence-based practice and requires knowledge of research methods, results interpretation, and applications, all of which rely on a foundation based in statistics. Evidence-based practice makes high demands on trained medical professionals to interpret an ever-expanding array of research evidence. OBJECTIVE: As clinical training emphasizes medical care rather than statistics, it is useful to review the basics of statistical methods and what they mean for interpreting clinical studies...
September 22, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936475/surgical-data-science-the-new-knowledge-domain
#9
S Swaroop Vedula, Gregory D Hager
Healthcare in general, and surgery/interventional care in particular, is evolving through rapid advances in technology and increasing complexity of care with the goal of maximizing quality and value of care. While innovations in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies have driven past improvements in quality of surgical care, future transformation in care will be enabled by data. Conventional methodologies, such as registry studies, are limited in their scope for discovery and research, extent and complexity of data, breadth of analytic techniques, and translation or integration of research findings into patient care...
April 2017: Innov Surg Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936421/a-conceptual-framework-to-assess-effectiveness-in-wheelchair-provision
#10
Deepan C Kamaraj, Nathan Bray, Karen Rispin, Padmaja Kankipati, Jonathan Pearlman, Johan Borg
BACKGROUND: Currently, inadequate wheelchair provision has forced many people with disabilities to be trapped in a cycle of poverty and deprivation, limiting their ability to access education, work and social facilities. This issue is in part because of the lack of collaboration among various stakeholders who need to work together to design, manufacture and deliver such assistive mobility devices. This in turn has led to inadequate evidence about intervention effectiveness, disability prevalence and subsequent costeffectiveness that would help facilitate appropriate provision and support for people with disabilities...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935480/methodology-minute-a-guide-for-infection-preventionists-for-sizing-up-systematic-reviews
#11
Patti Grota, Linda McKinley, Emme Lopez
Systematic reviews have become a key strategy to identifying evidence-based practice guidelines in infection prevention. They are considered the highest level of evidence providing the most effective answers to practice questions. Infection preventionists need to become familiar with reading systematic reviews and learn to critically appraise the findings and implications for practice. A systematic literature review is a rigorous preplanned process established to answer a specific practice question. The preplanned methods are detailed in the final publication...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935217/development-of-a-patient-reported-measure-of-the-interpersonal-quality-of-family-planning-care
#12
Christine Dehlendorf, Jillian T Henderson, Eric Vittinghoff, Jody Steinauer, Danielle Hessler
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and assess evidence of the validity of a patient-reported scale measuring the interpersonal quality of contraceptive counseling. STUDY DESIGN: We performed initial item selection based on qualitative work regarding patient preferences for contraceptive counseling and a review of patient-reported measures of communication. We then administered these items as part of a cohort study of women receiving contraceptive counseling, along with items measuring patient satisfaction with counseling and method choice, and coded audio recordings of the contraceptive counseling visits for patient-centered communication...
September 18, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935057/no-349-substance-use-in-pregnancy
#13
Alice Ordean, Suzanne Wong, Lisa Graves
OBJECTIVES: To improve awareness and knowledge of problematic substance use in pregnancy and to provide evidence-based recommendations for the management of this challenging clinical issue for all health care providers. OPTIONS: This guideline reviews the use of screening tools, general approach to care, and recommendations for the clinical management of problematic substance use in pregnancy. OUTCOMES: Evidence-based recommendations for screening and management of problematic substance use during pregnancy and lactation...
October 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934644/cyriax-s-deep-friction-massage-application-parameters-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study-with-physiotherapists
#14
Paula Chaves, Daniela Simões, Maria Paço, Francisco Pinho, José Alberto Duarte, Fernando Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Deep friction massage is one of several physiotherapy interventions suggested for the management of tendinopathy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of deep friction massage use in clinical practice, to characterize the application parameters used by physiotherapists, and to identify empirical model-based patterns of deep friction massage application in degenerative tendinopathy. DESIGN: observational, analytical, cross-sectional and national web-based survey...
September 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934326/the-effect-of-electronic-health-record-software-design-on-resident-documentation-and-compliance-with-evidence-based-medicine
#15
Yasaira Rodriguez Torres, Jordan Huang, Melanie Mihlstin, Mark S Juzych, Heidi Kromrei, Frank S Hwang
This study aimed to determine the role of electronic health record software in resident education by evaluating documentation of 30 elements extracted from the American Academy of Ophthalmology Dry Eye Syndrome Preferred Practice Pattern. The Kresge Eye Institute transitioned to using electronic health record software in June 2013. We evaluated the charts of 331 patients examined in the resident ophthalmology clinic between September 1, 2011, and March 31, 2014, for an initial evaluation for dry eye syndrome...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934063/openness-to-adopting-evidence-based-practice-in-public-substance-use-treatment-in-south-africa-using-task-shifting-caseload-size-matters
#16
Jessica F Magidson, Jasper S Lee, Kim Johnson, Warren Burnhams, J Randy Koch, Ron Manderscheid, Bronwyn Myers
BACKGROUND: In response to the lack of coverage for substance use treatment in the Western Cape province of South Africa, the local government expanded funding for evidence-based practices (EBPs) for treating substance use. Yet, little is known about provider and staff attitudes towards adopting EBPs in this setting, which is particularly relevant in this context where task shifting clinical care increases demands on paraprofessional providers. This study aimed to (1) assess attitudes towards adopting EBPs among a range of staff working in substance use treatment in Cape Town using a task shifting model; and (2) evaluate factors associated with openness towards adopting EBPs in this setting...
September 21, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933940/an-assessment-of-primary-care-and-pulmonary-provider-perspectives-on-lung-cancer-screening
#17
Matthew Triplette, Erin K Kross, Blake A Mann, Joann G Elmore, Christopher G Slatore, Shahida Shahrir, Perrin E Romine, Paul D Frederick, Kristina Crothers
RATIONALE: Lung cancer screening (LCS) has a mortality benefit to high-risk smokers, but implementation remains suboptimal. Providers represent the key entry point to screening, and an understanding of provider perspectives on lung cancer screening is necessary to improve referral and overall implementation. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to understand knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, barriers, and facilitators to screening in a diverse group of referring pulmonologists and primary care providers...
September 21, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933907/generating-lies-produces-lower-memory-predictions-and-higher-memory-performance-than-telling-the-truth-evidence-for-a-metacognitive-illusion
#18
Miri Besken
Manipulations that induce disfluency during encoding generally produce lower memory predictions for the disfluent condition than for the fluent condition. Similar to other manipulations of disfluency, generating lies takes longer and requires more mental effort than does telling the truth; hence, a manipulation of lie generation might produce patterns similar to other types of fluency for memory predictions. The current study systematically investigates the effect of a lie-generation manipulation on both actual and predicted memory performance...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933808/pediatric-orthopedic-injuries-evidence-based-management-in-the-emergency-department-digest
#19
Jamie Lien, Kathryn H Pade
Upper and lower extremity injuries are common in children, with an overall risk of fracture estimated at just under 1 in 5 children. Pediatric bone anatomy and physiology produce age specific injury patterns and conditions that are unique to children, which can make accurate diagnosis difficult for emergency clinicians. This issue reviews the etiology and pathophysiology of child-specific fractures, as well as common injuries of the upper and lower extremities. Evidence-based recommendations for management of pediatric fractures, including appropriate diagnostic studies and treatment, are also discussed...
September 22, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933305/epidemiology-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#20
Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, Ahmad Qawas
Background/ Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a non-communicable disease which has become a major global public health issue. This systematic review summarized epidemiological studies related to the prevalence, risk factors, complications, incidence, knowledge, attitude and practices of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) among Arab population in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHOD: PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, Wiley online library, and other local journals were searched to identify relevant literature using appropriate keywords to retrieve studies conducted in the UAE...
September 20, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
keyword
keyword
2996
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"