keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Evidence based practice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227007/identification-of-blood-biomarkers-for-use-in-point-of-care-diagnosis-tool-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
E Jammeh, P Zhao, C Carroll, S Pearson, E Ifeachor, E Jammeh, P Zhao, C Carroll, S Pearson, E Ifeachor, C Carroll, E Jammeh, E Ifeachor, S Pearson, P Zhao
Early diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is widely regarded as necessary to allow treatment to be started before irreversible damage to the brain occur and for patients to benefit from new therapies as they become available. Low-cost point-of-care (PoC) diagnostic tools that can be used to routinely diagnose AD in its early stage would facilitate this, but such tools require reliable and accurate biomarkers. However, traditional biomarkers for AD use invasive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and/or expensive neuroimaging techniques together with neuropsychological assessments...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226421/opening-plenary-speaker-human-genomics-precision-medicine-and-advancing-human-health
#2
Eric D Green
Starting with the launch of the Human Genome Project in 1990, the past quarter-century has brought spectacular achievements in genomics that dramatically empower the study of human biology and disease. The human genomics enterprise is now in the midst of an important transition, as the growing foundation of genomic knowledge is being used by researchers and clinicians to tackle increasingly complex problems in biomedicine. Of particular prominence is the use of revolutionary new DNA sequencing technologies for generating prodigious amounts of DNA sequence data to elucidate the complexities of genome structure, function, and evolution, as well as to unravel the genomic bases of rare and common diseases...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226343/-diagnosis-and-risk-assessment-of-postoperative-complications-of-gastric-cancer-in-japan-and-korea
#3
Xiang Hu, Chi Zhang
Radical surgery of gastric cancer (D2 lymph node dissection) as the standard operation is widely used in clinical practice and satisfactory prognosis can be obtained in patients who receive radical gastrectomy. But surgical invasion can cause high morbidity of complications and mortality. The data of large-scale evidence-based medical clinical trials and large databases in Japan and Korea showed that anastomotic leakage, pancreatic leakage and abdominal abscess were the most common complications after gastrectomy, and the morbidity of complication was about 20% and mortality was about 1%...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226336/educational-outreach-to-opioid-prescribers-the-case-for-academic-detailing
#4
Margot Trotter Davis, Brian Bateman, Jerry Avorn
Nonmedical use of opioid medications constitutes a serious health threat as the rates of addiction, overdoses, and deaths have risen in recent years. Increasingly, inappropriate and excessively liberal prescribing of opioids by physicians is understood to be a central part of the crisis. Public health officials, hospital systems, and legislators are developing programs and regulations to address the problem in sustained and systematic ways that both insures effective treatment of pain and appropriate limits on the availability of opioids...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#5
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226190/predictors-of-readiness-for-hospital-discharge-after-birth-building-evidence-for-practice
#6
Gabriella Malagon-Maldonado, Cynthia D Connelly, Ruth A Bush
BACKGROUND: Preparation for hospital discharge after birth became a global concern when hospitals in many developing countries began implementing shorter lengths of stay for uncomplicated deliveries. A mother's perceived readiness for hospital discharge may be influenced by many factors that can ultimately shape postdischarge outcomes. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to explore the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum predictors of discharge readiness, including nursing educational practices that are predictive of postpartum mothers' perceptions of readiness for hospital discharge...
February 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226063/pelvic-floor-rehabilitation-program-report-of-10-years-of-experience
#7
Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes, Juliana Neves da Costa, Júnia Leonne Dourado de Almeida Lima, Lea Dolores Reganhan de Oliveira, Aletha Silva Caetano
Objective: to relate the creation, experience of establishment and service performed in the Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Program [(PRAP)], a project of the School of Nursing of University of Campinas (UNICAMP), developed at a health unity in Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Results: this Program appeared due to the high demand of patients with urinary incontinence (UI) and need of formation or qualification of professionals to serve those customers and multiply the actions at other health unities...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226062/nursing-process-in-mental-health-an-integrative-literature-review
#8
Ana Paula Rigon Francischetti Garcia, Maria Isabel Pedreira de Freitas, José Luiz Tatagiba Lamas, Vanessa Pellegrino Toledo
Objective: to identify evidences from the literature on the application of nursing process in care developed by the nurse in mental health. Method: integrative literature review between 1990 and 2013, in the PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL and LILCACS bases. Descriptors: nursing processes, mental health, nursing care. Results: 19 papers were identified. Limited and partial usage of the nursing process in care established by a therapeutic relationship that respects the patient's individuality...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225946/the-intellectual-developmental-disorders-mexico-study-situational-diagnosis-burden-genomics-and-intervention-proposal
#9
Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Gregorio Katz, Rocío Rodríguez-Valentín, Filipa de Castro, Betania Allen-Leigh, María Elena Márquez-Caraveo, Miguel Ángel Ramírez-García, Eduardo Arroyo-García, María Elena Medina-Mora, Gustavo Ángeles, José Edmundo Urquieta-Salomón, Luis Salvador-Carulla
Objective: This study aims to generate evidence on intellectual development disorders (IDD) in Mexico. Materials and methods: IDD disease burden will be estimated with a probabilistic model, using population-based surveys. Direct and indirect costs of catastrophic expenses of families with a member with an IDD will be evaluated. Genomic characterization of IDD will include: sequencing participant exomes and performing bioinformatics analyses to identify de novo or inherited variants through trio analysis; identifying genetic variants associated with IDD, and validating randomly selected variants by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing or real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
November 2016: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225743/damage-control-resuscitation-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-hemorrhage-a-practice-management-guideline-from-the-eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma
#10
Jeremy W Cannon, Mansoor A Khan, Ali S Raja, Mitchell J Cohen, John J Como, Bryan A Cotton, Joseph J Dubose, Erin E Fox, Kenji Inaba, Carlos J Rodriguez, John B Holcomb, Juan C Duchesne
BACKGROUND: The resuscitation of severely injured bleeding patients has evolved into a multi-modal strategy termed damage control resuscitation (DCR). This guideline evaluates several aspects of DCR including the role of massive transfusion (MT) protocols, the optimal target ratio of plasma (PLAS) and platelets (PLT) to red blood cells (RBC) during DCR, and the role of recombinant activated factor VII (rVIIa) and tranexamic acid (TXA). METHODS: Using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology, a subcommittee of the Practice Management Guidelines (PMG) Section of EAST conducted a systematic review using MEDLINE and EMBASE...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225312/perspectives-on-learning-and-clinical-practice-improvement-for-diabetes-in-the-hospital-a-review-of-educational-interventions-for-providers
#11
Ariana Pichardo-Lowden, Paul Haidet, Guillermo E Umpierrez
BACKGROUND: The management inpatient hyperglycemia and diabetes requires expertise among many healthcare providers. There is limited evidence about how education for healthcare providers can result in optimization of clinical outcomes. The purpose of this critical review of the literature is to examine methods and outcomes related to educational interventions regarding the management of diabetes and dysglycemia in the hospital setting. This report provides recommendations to advance learning, curricular planning and clinical practice...
February 22, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224458/bridging-the-training-practice-gap-in-interprofessional-student-supervision
#12
Priya Martin, Saravana Kumar, LuJuana Abernathy
BACKGROUND: Workforce recruitment and retention issues are common in highly dispersed regions such as Queensland in Australia. Provision of student placements in these non-metropolitan areas is one way of promoting staff recruitment. However, healthcare professionals in these areas face a number of challenges in accessing training opportunities including student supervision training. Funding was made available to develop and run a series of targeted, evidence-based, interprofessional student supervision workshops in non-metropolitan Queensland...
February 21, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224382/retrospective-review-of-genomic-testing-in-breast-cancer-does-it-improve-outcome
#13
Grady M Gastelum, Cyrus Iqbal, Susan G Hilsenbeck, Mothaffar F Rimawi, Polly Niravath
PURPOSE: Tumor genomic testing has become widely available in many clinical settings. However, we do not yet understand how to best harness the information yielded from this testing. We retrospectively investigated the clinical courses of 24 patients who underwent tumor genomic testing to determine whether targeted therapy is associated with improved progression free survival (PFS) compared to standard therapy. METHODS: The patient population comprised metastatic breast cancer patients who underwent tumor genomic testing (testing biopsy specimens of primary or metastatic lesions for 50 commonly mutated genes) at our institution between September 1, 2010 and June 1, 2015...
February 21, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224190/what-is-a-periprosthetic-shoulder-infection-a-systematic-review-of-two-decades-of-publications
#14
REVIEW
Jason E Hsu, Jeremy S Somerson, Kiet V Vo, Frederick A Matsen
PURPOSE: While as many as 50% of revision shoulder arthroplasties are culture positive, a consistent, clinically useful definition of a "periprosthetic shoulder infection" is lacking. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature with respect to (1) the definition of a "periprosthetic shoulder infection", (2) the pre-operative evaluation for possible infection, and (3) the harvesting and culturing of specimens at the time of surgical revision. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we identified 20 studies concerning infection at the time of revision shoulder arthroplasty...
February 21, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224102/practical-strategies-for-increasing-efficiency-and-effectiveness-in-critical-care-education
#15
REVIEW
Maurice F Joyce, Sheri Berg, Edward A Bittner
Technological advances and evolving demands in medical care have led to challenges in ensuring adequate training for providers of critical care. Reliance on the traditional experience-based training model alone is insufficient for ensuring quality and safety in patient care. This article provides a brief overview of the existing educational practice within the critical care environment. Challenges to education within common daily activities of critical care practice are reviewed. Some practical evidence-based educational approaches are then described which can be incorporated into the daily practice of critical care without disrupting workflow or compromising the quality of patient care...
February 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224029/designing-clinical-and-genetic-guidelines-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-as-an-effective-roadmap-for-risk-management
#16
Mohammad Reza Zali, Reza Safdari, Elham Maserat, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei
AIM: We aimed to present clinical and genetic guidelines of colorectal cancer screening for risk assessment of populations at risk. BACKGROUND: National guidelines can be used as a guide for choosing the method of screening for each individual. These guidelines facilitate decision making and support the delivery of cancer screening service. METHODS: In the first step, a comparative study was performed by using secondary data extracted from the literature review...
December 2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223262/factors-associated-with-dropout-during-recruitment-and-follow-up-periods-of-a-mhealth-based-randomized-controlled-trial-for-mobile-net-to-encourage-treatment-adherence-for-people-with-serious-mental-health-problems
#17
Kati Anneli Kannisto, Joonas Korhonen, Clive E Adams, Marita Hannele Koivunen, Tero Vahlberg, Maritta Anneli Välimäki
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials are the gold standard of evidence-based practice. Still many papers inadequately report methodology in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), particularly for mHealth interventions for people with serious mental health problems. To ensure robust enough evidence, it is important to understand which study phases are the most vulnerable in the field of mental health care. OBJECTIVE: We mapped the recruitment and the trial follow-up periods of participants to provide a picture of the dropout predictors from a mHealth-based trial...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223188/next-generation-sequencing-unravels-homozygous-mutation-in-glucose-6-phosphate-isomerase-gpic-1040g-a-p-arg347his-causing-hemolysis-in-an-indian-infant
#18
Manu Jamwal, Anu Aggarwal, Anirban Das, Arindam Maitra, Prashant Sharma, Shekhar Krishnan, Neeraj Arora, Deepak Bansal, Reena Das
INTRODUCTION: Inherited anemias diagnostic workup requires a step-wise algorithm. Causal genes implicated in congenital hemolytic anemia are numerous, making a gene-by-gene approach by Sanger sequencing time consuming, expensive and labour intensive. Targeted resequencing can be of great use in explaining these cases. METHODOLOGY: Six months female presented with neonatal jaundice and negative family history. Clinical and laboratory evidences were suggestive of hemolytic anemia...
February 18, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222736/implementing-guidelines-and-training-initiatives-to-improve-cross-cultural-communication-in-primary-care-consultations-a-qualitative-participatory-european-study
#19
E Teunissen, K Gravenhorst, C Dowrick, E Van Weel-Baumgarten, F Van den Driessen Mareeuw, T de Brún, N Burns, C Lionis, F S Mair, C O'Donnell, M O'Reilly-de Brún, M Papadakaki, A Saridaki, W Spiegel, C Van Weel, M Van den Muijsenbergh, A MacFarlane
BACKGROUND: Cross-cultural communication in primary care is often difficult, leading to unsatisfactory, substandard care. Supportive evidence-based guidelines and training initiatives (G/TIs) exist to enhance cross cultural communication but their use in practice is sporadic. The objective of this paper is to elucidate how migrants and other stakeholders can adapt, introduce and evaluate such G/TIs in daily clinical practice. METHODS: We undertook linked qualitative case studies to implement G/TIs focused on enhancing cross cultural communication in primary care, in five European countries...
February 10, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222277/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-blepharoplasty-review-of-the-current-literature
#20
REVIEW
Elie M Ferneini, Steven Halepas, Steven I Aronin
The purpose of this study was to provide an evidence-based overview of antibiotic prophylaxis in blepharoplasty. We performed a literature search that evaluated the risk of infection associated with blepharoplasty, as well as the risks and benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis. The overall infection rate associated with eyelid surgery is extremely low. However, the use of antibiotic prophylaxis has increased over the past 25 years in esthetic facial procedures. There is no standard of care for or against antibiotic prophylaxis, and routine practices vary widely...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
2996
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"