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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892153/eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-manifested-by-cholecystitis-and-mononeuritis-multiplex-a-case-report
#1
Maryam Mobini, Hamed Cheraghmakani, Zhila Torabizadeh, Omid Emadian, Fatemeh Nezhadi Kelarijani
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis formerly named "Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS)" is a systemic disease with bronchial asthma, hypereosinophilia, and systemic vasculitis. We report a case of CSS with cholecystitis and mononeuritis multiplex. A 50-year-old woman with a history of sinusitis and bronchial asthma of 8 years' duration was referred with a complaint of left-hand deformity and difficulty in walking. The laboratory findings included remarkable eosinophilia, an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and a marked eosinophilic infiltration in the gallbladder biopsy...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859017/intramuscular-versus-oral-corticosteroids-to-reduce-relapses-following-discharge-from-the-emergency-department-for-acute-asthma
#2
REVIEW
Scott W Kirkland, Elfriede Cross, Sandra Campbell, Cristina Villa-Roel, Brian H Rowe
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma is a common cause of presentations to acute care centres, such as the emergency department (ED), and while the majority of patients can be discharged, relapse requiring additional medical care is common. Systemic corticosteroids are a major part in the treatment of moderate to severe acute asthma; however, there is no clear evidence regarding the most effective route of administration for improving outcomes in patients discharged from acute care. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and safety of a single dose of intramuscular (IM) corticosteroids provided prior to discharge compared to a short course of oral corticosteroids in the treatment of acute asthma patients discharged from an ED or equivalent acute care setting...
June 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794744/post-radiotherapy-maintenance-treatment-with-fluticasone-propionate-and-salmeterol-for-lung-cancer-patients-with-grade-iii-radiation-pneumonitis-a-case-report
#3
Pingping Zhang, Hongxia Yan, Sheng Wang, Jindan Kai, Guoliang Pi, Yi Peng, Xiyou Liu, Junwei Sun
RATIONALE: This combination of fluticasone propionate (FP) and the long-acting β2-agonist salmeterol (Salm) can control the symptoms of asthma and COPD better than FP or Salm on their own and better than the combination of inhaled corticosteroids plus montelukast. FP/Salm has been shown to control symptoms of asthma and COPD better than a double dose of inhaled steroids. The patient in our report had a history of COPD, and suffered relapse of RP when given only steroids. It is possible that COPD history helps explain this patient's more difficult treatment course...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735492/asthmatic-adult-with-marked-blood-eosinophilia-is-it-truly-asthma
#4
Shera Tan, Angela Takano, Aloysius Ho, Keng Leong Tan
A middle-aged woman presented with symptoms suggestive of allergic asthma but with markedly elevated peripheral eosinophilia. She did not respond to inhaled corticosteroids, thereby prompting further investigations. Chest radiograph was normal. CT of the chest revealed bi-apical ground glass opacities. Bronchoalveolar lavage revealed predominantly eosinophilic yield. Autoimmune screen was negative. Bone marrow biopsy showed a normocellular marrow with increased eosinophils. A diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) was made after exclusion of other causes of eosinophilia...
May 7, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721323/inconsistencies-in-dosage-practice-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Christina Gade, Hanne R Christensen, Kim P Dalhoff, Jens Christian Holm, Helle Holst
Obesity can affect the pharmacokinetics of most drugs, which may result in under- or overdosing if traditional pediatric dosing strategies are used. To investigate currently applied dosage strategies in children with overweight or obesity (overweight/obesity), in a clinical treatment facility. In particular, whether dosing guidelines were available and metrics of body size applied. A retrospective cohort study of 200 patients admitted to the Danish Children's Obesity Clinic. Data were collected from 2007 to 2015...
June 2018: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720921/disulfiram-like-reaction-involving-ceftriaxone-in-a-pediatric-patient
#6
Stephen M Small, Rachel S Bacher, Sheridan A Jost
Several medications have been shown to cause disulfiram-like reactions in patients concomitantly exposed to ethanol, including specific cephalosporin antibiotics that possess a methylthiotetrazole substituent. Within the cephalosporin class, there are few reports of disulfiram-like reactions with ceftriaxone. This case report is the first to involve a pediatric patient, and it describes a mild but likely disulfiram-like reaction manifesting as facial flushing in an 8-year-old male upon receiving a ceftriaxone infusion preceded by a dose of prednisolone elixir (5% ethanol by volume) for presumed community-acquired pneumonia thought to be complicated by an asthma exacerbation...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699563/adverse-events-profile-of-oral-corticosteroids-among-asthma-patients-in-the-uk-cohort-study-with-a-nested-case-control-analysis
#7
Marlene Bloechliger, Daphne Reinau, Julia Spoendlin, Shih-Chen Chang, Klaus Kuhlbusch, Liam G Heaney, Susan S Jick, Christoph R Meier
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the adverse events profile of oral prednisolone among adult asthma patients in the UK. METHODS: Using data from the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink, we conducted a series of cohort studies to quantify incidence rates and incidence rate ratios, and a series of nested case-control analyses to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratios, of 11 different potential corticosteroid-related adverse events (bone-related conditions, hypertension, peptic ulcer, severe infections, herpes zoster, diabetes mellitus type 2, cataract, glaucoma, chronic kidney disease, affective disorders, and cardiovascular events)...
April 27, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669351/bronchial-thermoplasty-in-severe-asthma-best-practice-recommendations-from-an-expert-panel
#8
Peter I Bonta, Pascal Chanez, Jouke T Annema, Pallav L Shah, Robert Niven
Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a bronchoscopic treatment for patients with severe asthma who remain symptomatic despite optimal medical therapy. In this "expert best practice" paper, the background and practical aspects of BT are highlighted. Randomized, controlled clinical trials have shown BT to be safe and effective in reducing severe exacerbations, improving quality of life, and decreasing emergency department visits. Five-year follow-up studies have provided evidence of the functional stability of BT-treated patients with persistence of a clinical benefit...
2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622672/viral-infections-in-wheezing-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Peter Le Souëf
Over the past year, studies into virus-induced wheeze in children have shifted towards investigations that examine the mechanisms by which respiratory viruses cause wheeze and an increase in studies examining the effects of novel interventions to reduce wheezing exacerbations. Studies on rhinovirus species (RV)-C infection have found that this is associated with a decrease in expression of CDHR3, the cellular receptor specific for this virus, and a decrease in interferon-β expression, both of which are likely to favour RV-C infection...
March 31, 2018: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560002/a-rare-case-of-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-associated-with-cryoglobulinemia-presenting-with-a-bullous-skin-eruption-of-the-lower-limbs
#10
D D K Abeyaratne, C Liyanapathirana, C L Fonseka, P W M C S B Wijekoon
Background: Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is an antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody- (ANCA-) associated small vessel vasculitis with multisystem involvement. It is characterized with asthma, eosinophilia, and renal and peripheral nervous system involvement. However, EGPA presenting with bullous skin eruption is an uncommon dermatological manifestation. We report a rare case of EGPA overlapped with mixed essential cryoglobulinemia presenting with a bullous skin eruption...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559484/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-for-near-fatal-asthma-refractory-to-conventional-ventilation
#11
Usman Maqsood, Nehal Patel
We describe a case of near-fatal asthma, treated successfully by initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A 29-year-old woman, known asthmatic on steroid inhalers, inhaled/nebulised bronchodilators, long-term oral prednisolone, theophylline and montelukast, presented with acute shortness of breath. She deteriorated following initial treatment with nebulised bronchodilators and magnesium sulfate requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. Severe bronchospasm ensued following mechanical ventilation and peak airway pressures remained at 55 cm H2 O with intrinsic positive end expiratory pressure(PEEP) of 14 cm H2 O...
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531022/retraction-haemophilus-influenzae-responds-to-glucocorticoids-used-in-asthma-therapy-by-modulation-of-biofilm-formation-and-antibiotic-resistance
#12
(no author information available yet)
Chris S Earl, Teh Wooi Keong, Shi-qi An, Sarah Murdoch, Yvonne McCarthy, Junkal Garmendia, Joseph Ward, J Maxwell Dow, Liang Yang, George A O'Toole & Robert P RyanThe above article, published May 20 2015 in EMBO Molecular Medicine , has been retracted by agreement between the authors of the study, CSE, TWK, SQA, SM, YMcC, JG, JW, JMD, LY, RPR, the journal Chief Editor and the EMBO Head of Scientific Publications in accordance with the outcomes of independent investigations conducted by the University of Dundee and University College Cork...
April 2018: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503272/oral-dexamethasone-versus-oral-prednisolone-in-acute-asthma-a-new-randomized-controlled-trial-and-updated-meta-analysis-pediatric-pulmonologist-s-viewpoint
#13
COMMENT
Mandeep Kaur Walia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503271/oral-dexamethasone-versus-oral-prednisolone-in-acute-asthma-a-new-randomized-controlled-trial-and-updated-meta-analysis-evidence-based-medicine-viewpoint
#14
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331473/a-randomized-trial-of-itraconazole-vs-prednisolone-in-acute-stage-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-complicating-asthma
#15
Ritesh Agarwal, Sahajal Dhooria, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ashutosh N Aggarwal, Mandeep Garg, Biman Saikia, Digambar Behera, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
OBJECTIVE: Whether itraconazole monotherapy is effective in the acute stage of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) remains unknown. The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of itraconazole and prednisolone monotherapy in ABPA. METHODS: Treatment-naive subjects with ABPA complicating asthma (January 2012 to December 2013) were randomized to receive either oral itraconazole or prednisolone for 4 months. The study was not blinded. The primary outcomes were proportion of subjects exhibiting a composite response after 6 weeks, percent decline in IgE after treatment, and numbers of subjects experiencing exacerbation...
March 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173304/randomized-trial-of-dexamethasone-versus-prednisone-for-children-with-acute-asthma-exacerbations
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Natalia Paniagua, Rebeca Lopez, Natalia Muñoz, Miriam Tames, Elisa Mojica, Eunate Arana-Arri, Santiago Mintegi, Javier Benito
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 2 doses of dexamethasone is as effective as 5 days of prednisolone/prednisone therapy in improving symptoms and quality of life of children with asthma exacerbations admitted to the emergency department (ED). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, noninferiority trial including patients aged 1-14 years who presented to the ED with acute asthma to compare the efficacy of 2 doses of dexamethasone (0.6 mg/kg/dose, experimental treatment) vs a 5-day course of prednisolone/prednisone (1...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130617/dendritic-cell-phenotype-in-severe-asthma-reflects-clinical-responsiveness-to-glucocorticoids
#17
E S Chambers, A M Nanzer, P E Pfeffer, D F Richards, A R Martineau, C J Griffiths, C J Corrigan, C M Hawrylowicz
BACKGROUND: Subsets of patients with severe asthma remain symptomatic despite prolonged, high-dose glucocorticoid therapy. We hypothesized that the clinical glucocorticoid sensitivity of these asthmatics is reflected in differences in peripheral blood dendritic cell subsets. OBJECTIVE: To compare peripheral blood leucocyte populations using flow cytometry at baseline and after 2 weeks of systemic glucocorticoid (steroid) treatment to identify immunological differences between steroid-sensitive (SS) and steroid-resistant (SR) asthmatics...
January 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044640/a-step-down-protocol-for-omalizumab-treatment-in-oral-corticosteroid-dependent-allergic-asthma-patients
#18
Christian Domingo, Xavier Pomares, Albert Navarro, María José Amengual, Concepción Montón, Ana Sogo, Rosa M Mirapeix
AIMS: There are no specific criteria for a step-down or withdrawal dose of omalizumab (OMA). Our purpose was to evaluate the viability of a protocol for OMAlizumab DOse REduction (the OMADORE study) in severe allergic asthma (SAA). METHODS: The study population included 35 SAA patients treated during a minimum period of 1 year with oral corticosteroids (OC) equivalent to a mean daily dose of 4 mg of methyl-prednisolone. To qualify for the protocol, the patients had to have received treatment with OMA for at least one and a half years, OC dose had to have reached the lowest tolerated dose and spirometry had to be greater than or equal to that at entry...
February 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829884/effect-of-oral-prednisolone-on-symptom-duration-and-severity-in-nonasthmatic-adults-with-acute-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alastair D Hay, Paul Little, Anthony Harnden, Matthew Thompson, Kay Wang, Denise Kendrick, Elizabeth Orton, Sara T Brookes, Grace J Young, Margaret May, Sandra Hollinghurst, Fran E Carroll, Harriet Downing, David Timmins, Natasher Lafond, Magdy El-Gohary, Michael Moore
Importance: Acute lower respiratory tract infection is common and often treated inappropriately in primary care with antibiotics. Corticosteroids are increasingly used but without sufficient evidence. Objective: To assess the effects of oral corticosteroids for acute lower respiratory tract infection in adults without asthma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized trial (July 2013 to final follow-up October 2014) conducted in 54 family practices in England among 401 adults with acute cough and at least 1 lower respiratory tract symptom not requiring immediate antibiotic treatment and with no history of chronic pulmonary disease or use of asthma medication in the past 5 years...
August 22, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735259/observational-study-on-the-palatability-and-tolerability-of-oral-prednisolone-and-oral-dexamethasone-in-children-in-saudi-arabia-and-the-uk
#20
Fahad Aljebab, Mofadhi Alanazi, Imti Choonara, Sharon Conroy
BACKGROUND: Short-course oral corticosteroids are routinely used to treat acute asthma and croup. We evaluated their tolerability and palatability in Saudi Arabian (SA) and UK children. METHODS: Prospective observational/interview study (3 months in each country). Palatability was evaluated using a 5-point facial Hedonicscale and tolerability by direct questioning of patient/parents. RESULTS: In SA, of 122 patients (2-10 years) recruited, 52 received prednisolone base tablets, 37 prednisolone sodium phosphate syrup and 33 received dexamethasone elixir...
January 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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