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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722672/ethnic-heterogeneity-and-prostate-cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-latino-men-a-population-based-study
#1
Felix M Chinea, Vivek N Patel, Deukwoo Kwon, Narottam Lamichhane, Chris Lopez, Sanoj Punnen, Erin N Kobetz, Matthew C Abramowitz, Alan Pollack
BACKGROUND: Few studies focus on prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes in Hispanic/Latino men. Our study explores whether Hispanic/Latino subgroups demonstrate significantly different prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) relative to Non-Hispanic White (NHW) and Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) men. METHODS: We extracted a population-based cohort of men diagnosed with local-regional PCa from 2000-2013 (n= 486,865). PCSM was measured in racial/ethnic groups: NHW (n=352,886), NHB (n= 70,983), Hispanic/Latino (n= 40,462), and Asian American/Pacific Islander (n= 22,534)...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718431/racial-differences-in-cancer-susceptibility-and-survival-more-than-the-color-of-the-skin
#2
REVIEW
Berna C Özdemir, Gian-Paolo Dotto
Epidemiological studies point to race as a determining factor in cancer susceptibility. In US registries recording cancer incidence and survival by race (distinguishing 'black versus white'), individuals of African ancestry have a globally increased risk of malignancies compared with Caucasians and Asian Americans. Differences in socioeconomic status and health-care access play a key role. However, the lesser disease susceptibility of Hispanic populations with comparable lifestyles and socioeconomic status as African Americans (Hispanic paradox) points to the concomitant importance of genetic determinants...
March 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717809/racial-differences-in-misclassification-of-healthy-eating-based-on-food-frequency-questionnaire-and-24-hour-dietary-recalls
#3
B Olendzki, E Procter-Gray, M F Magee, G Youssef, K Kane, L Churchill, J Ockene, W Li
OBJECTIVES: To examine the agreement in nutrient intake and alternate healthy eating indices (AHEI) between a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and 24-hour recall (24HR) measurements of diet by race, among urban older women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Urban neighborhoods in Washington, DC, USA. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling White and Black women aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: In 2014 and 2015, 49 White and 44 Black older women were queried on diet using both FFQ and 24-hour recalls...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717716/breast-cancer-and-african-ancestry-lessons-learned-at-the-10-year-anniversary-of-the-ghana-michigan-research-partnership-and-international-breast-registry
#4
Evelyn Jiagge, Joseph Kwaku Oppong, Jessica Bensenhaver, Francis Aitpillah, Kofi Gyan, Ishmael Kyei, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Ernest Adjei, Michael Ohene-Yeboah, Kathy Toy, Karen Eubanks Jackson, Marian Akpaloo, Dorcas Acheampong, Beatrice Antwi, Faustina Obeng Agyeman, Zainab Alhassan, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Osei Owusu-Afriyie, Robert Newman Brewer, Amma Gyamfuah, Barbara Salem, Timothy Johnson, Max Wicha, Sofia Merajver, Celina Kleer, Judy Pang, Emmanuel Amankwaa-Frempong, Azadeh Stark, Francis Abantanga, Lisa Newman, Baffour Awuah
Women with African ancestry in western, sub-Saharan Africa and in the United States represent a population subset facing an increased risk of being diagnosed with biologically aggressive phenotypes of breast cancer that are negative for the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor, and the HER2/neu marker. These tumors are commonly referred to as triple-negative breast cancer. Disparities in breast cancer incidence and outcome related to racial or ethnic identity motivated the establishment of the International Breast Registry, on the basis of partnerships between the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717258/children-s-perceptions-of-social-resource-inequality
#5
Laura Elenbaas, Melanie Killen
Children's perceptions of social resource inequalities were investigated by measuring spontaneous explanations for race-based disparities in access to societal resources. Fifth graders (N = 139, M = 11.14 years, SD = .61 years) viewed animated vignettes depicting hypothetical resource inequalities between institutions serving children of African-American and European-American background. Children frequently explained disparities in terms of institutions' differing financial resources, revealing awareness that economic inequalities often underlie groups' differential access to societal resources...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716521/update-on-quality-of-care-in-hispanics-and-other-racial-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states-discharged-with-the-diagnosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-2013
#6
Tomás Romero, Kristina L Greenwood, Dale Glaser
BACKGROUND: Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) care and outcomes have been frequently reported in racial-ethnic minorities in the U.S. Some studies have attributed disparities in Hispanics and other minorities to lower quality of services at hospitals where they seek care. Current information from hospitals with large Hispanic representations and updated quality resources is needed. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of 839 AMI patients discharged in 2013 from three Southern California Hospitals (A, B, C) with tertiary cardiac care level...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713584/fitness-adjusted-racial-disparities-in-central-adiposity-among-women-in-the-usa-using-quantile-regression
#7
S McDonald, A Ortaglia, C Supino, M Kacka, M Clenin, M Bottai
OBJECTIVE: This study comprehensively explores racial/ethnic disparities in waist circumference (WC) after adjusting for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), among both adult and adolescent women, across WC percentiles. METHODS: Analysis was conducted using data from the 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Female participants (n = 3,977) aged 12-49 years with complete data on CRF, height, weight and WC were included. Quantile regression models, stratified by age groups (12-15, 16-19 and 20-49 years), were used to assess the association between WC and race/ethnicity adjusting for CRF, height and age across WC percentiles (10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th and 95th)...
June 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713449/understanding-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-arrest-the-role-of-individual-home-school-and-community-characteristics
#8
Lauren Nichol Gase, Beth A Glenn, Louis M Gomez, Tony Kuo, Moira Inkelas, Ninez A Ponce
Contact with the justice system can lead to a range of poor health and social outcomes. While persons of color are disproportionately represented in both the juvenile and criminal justice systems, reasons for these patters remain unclear. This study sought to examine the extent and sources of differences in arrests during adolescence and young adulthood among blacks, whites, and Hispanics in the USA. Multilevel cross-sectional logistic regression analyses were conducted using data from waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 12,752 respondents)...
December 2016: Race and Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712352/national-overview-of-medication-assisted-treatment-for-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-with-substance-use-disorders
#9
Traci Rieckmann, Laurie Moore, Calvin Croy, Gregory A Aarons, Douglas K Novins
OBJECTIVE: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) experience higher rates of substance use disorders and less access to high-quality care compared with other racial-ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to better understand the use of medication-assisted treatment (MAT) of substance use disorders for AI/ANs and barriers to broader implementation. METHODS: Representatives of 192 substance abuse treatment programs completed a survey about their use of MAT...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709773/demographic-psychosocial-clinical-and-neurocognitive-baseline-characteristics-of-black-americans-in-the-raise-etp-study
#10
Arundati Nagendra, Nina R Schooler, John M Kane, Delbert G Robinson, Kim T Mueser, Sue E Estroff, Jean Addington, Patricia Marcy, David L Penn
This study compared baseline characteristics of Black Americans and Caucasians with first-episode psychosis in the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode Early Treatment Program (RAISE-ETP). Black American (N=152) and Caucasian (N=218) participants were compared on demographic, psychosocial, clinical, and neurocognitive measures. Results indicated several notable racial differences in baseline characteristics: a greater proportion of Black Americans than Caucasians were female, and Black Americans reported less personal and parental education than Caucasians...
July 11, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709520/strategies-to-reduce-disparities-in-maternal-morbidity-and-mortality-the-role-of-obesity-and-metabolic-disease
#11
Christina Paidas Teefey, Celeste P Durnwald
Maternal obesity, excessive gestational weight gain, and preexisting diabetes are known risk factors for increased maternal and neonatal morbidity. These conditions are more prevalent in certain racial and ethnic minorities. Identification and acknowledgement of racial and ethnic inequalities related to maternal metabolic disease is crucial for clinicians to provide the most comprehensive care in pregnancy. Research and clinical efforts should focus on implementation of healthy lifestyle interventions preconceptually and risk reduction efforts in disease complications during pregnancy...
July 11, 2017: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708958/racial-disparities-in-family-provider-interactions-for-pediatric-asthma-care
#12
Michelle Trivedi, Vicki Fung, Elyse O Kharbanda, Emma K Larkin, Melissa G Butler, Kelly Horan, Tracy A Lieu, Ann Chen Wu
OBJECTIVE: Black and Latino children experience significantly worse asthma morbidity than their white peers for multifactorial reasons. This study investigated differences in family-provider interactions for pediatric asthma, based on race/ethnicity. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of parent surveys of asthmatic children within the Population-Based Effectiveness in Asthma and Lung Diseases Network. Our study population comprised 647 parents with survey response data...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705601/cannabis-use-attitudes-and-legal-status-in-the-u-s-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Hannah Carliner, Qiana L Brown, Aaron L Sarvet, Deborah S Hasin
Cannabis is widely used among adolescents and adults. In the U.S., marijuana laws have been changing, and Americans increasingly favor legalizing cannabis for medical and recreational uses. While some can use cannabis without harm, others experience adverse consequences. The objective of this review is to summarize information on the legal status of cannabis, perceptions regarding cannabis, prevalence and time trends in use and related adverse consequences, and evidence on the relationship of state medical (MML) and recreational (RML) marijuana laws to use and attitudes...
July 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704352/racial-and-geographic-differences-in-breastfeeding-united-states-2011-2015
#14
Erica H Anstey, Jian Chen, Laurie D Elam-Evans, Cria G Perrine
Breastfeeding provides numerous health benefits for infants and mothers alike. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for approximately the first 6 months of life and continued breastfeeding with complementary foods through at least the first year (1). National estimates indicate substantial differences between non-Hispanic black (black) and non-Hispanic white (white) infants across breastfeeding indicators in the United States (2). CDC analyzed 2011-2015 National Immunization Survey (NIS) data for children born during 2010-2013 to describe breastfeeding initiation, exclusivity through 6 months and duration at 12 months among black and white infants...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702686/disparities-in-epilepsy-surgery-in-the-united-states-of-america
#15
Iván Sánchez Fernández, Christopher Stephen, Tobias Loddenkemper
The aim is to describe the epidemiology of epilepsy surgery in children and adults in the United States. We performed a descriptive study of the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) for the year 2012 and the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) for the period 2010-2012, the largest all-payer databases on inpatient data in the USA. These databases estimate 97% of all inpatient hospital discharges in the USA. In the KID, 12,899 (0.2%) of admission records had brain surgery and 600 of the 4900 (12.2%) admissions with focal refractory epilepsy underwent epilepsy surgery...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701770/racial-and-social-disparities-in-the-access-to-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-results-of-a-national-pd-cohort
#16
Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Silvia Carreira Ribeiro, Adam Kirk, Helder Sebastião da Silva, Arthur Pille, Ricardo Sprenger Falavinha, Sandro Scolari Filho, Ana Elizabeth Figueiredo, Pasqual Barretti, Thyago Proença de Moraes
The prevalence of patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is increasing worldwide and may be guided by clinical characteristics, financial issues and patient option. Whether socioeconomic factors at the patient level may influence the decision for the initial peritoneal dialysis (PD) modality is unknown. This is a prospective cohort study. The primary outcome of interest was the probability to start PD on APD. The inclusion criteria were adult patients incident in PD. Exclusion criteria were missing data for either race or initial PD modality...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697432/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-the-healing-of-pressure-ulcers-present-at-nursing-home-admission
#17
Donna Z Bliss, Olga Gurvich, Kay Savik, Lynn E Eberly, Susan Harms, Christine Mueller, Judith Garrard, Kristen Cunanan, Kjerstie Wiltzen
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers increase the risk of costly hospitalization and mortality of nursing home residents, so timely healing is important. Disparities in healthcare have been identified in the nursing home population but little is known about disparities in the healing of pressure ulcers. PURPOSE: To assess racial and ethnic disparities in the healing of pressure ulcers present at nursing home admission. Multi-levels predictors, at the individual resident, nursing home, and community/Census tract level, were examined in three large data sets...
June 27, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697109/pregnancy-related-mortality-in-the-united-states-2011-2013
#18
Andreea A Creanga, Carla Syverson, Kristi Seed, William M Callaghan
OBJECTIVE: To update national population-level pregnancy-related mortality estimates and examine characteristics and causes of pregnancy-related deaths in the United States during 2011-2013. METHODS: We conducted an observational study using population-based data from the Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System to calculate pregnancy-related mortality ratios by year, age group, and race-ethnicity groups. We explored 10 cause-of-death categories by pregnancy outcome during 2011-2013 and compared their distribution with those in our earlier reports since 1987...
July 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693328/eliminating-disparities-in-asthma-care-identifying-broad-challenges-in-quality-improvement
#19
Joseph P Anarella, Victoria L Wagner, Susan G McCauley, Jennifer B Mane, Patricia A Waniewski
Racial disparities in asthma care persist in New York State's Medicaid Program. African Americans with asthma experience higher rates of emergency department visits and inpatient hospitalizations, coupled with lower rates of long-term control medication use compared to other racial/ethnic groups. Within this context, and with funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the New York State Department of Health designed and implemented the Eliminating Disparities in Asthma Care (EDAC) Collaborative to improve the quality of asthma care delivered in 7 provider sites located in Central Brooklyn, New York...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689351/leveraging-community-based-participatory-research-capacity-to-recruit-pacific-islanders-into-a-genetics-study
#20
Pearl A McElfish, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Christopher R Long, Britni L Ayers, Nicola L Hawley, Nia Aitaoto, Sheldon Riklon, L Joseph Su, Shumona Z Ima, Ralph O Wilmoth, Thomas K Schulz, Susan Kadlubar
Pacific Islanders face many health disparities, including higher rates of cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, and diabetes compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Specifically, the Marshallese population suffers disproportionately from type 2 diabetes, with rates 400% higher than the general US population. As part of an ongoing community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership, 148 participants were recruited for a study examining genetic variants to better understand diabetes. Participants provided a saliva specimen in an Oragene® DNA self-collection kit...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
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