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Yasunori Tatara, Takachika Shimizu, Keisuke Fueki, Masatake Ino, Naofumi Toda, Tetsu Tanouchi, Nodoka Manabe
BACKGROUND: This paper intends to clarify clinical and anatomical features as well as pathological conditions of surgically treated adult patients with occipitalization of the atlas. METHODS: The authors reviewed 12 consecutive adult patients with occipitalization of the atlas who underwent surgery for myleopathy in our hospital. Mainly using preoperative computed tomography and three-dimensional computed tomography angiography, we investigated their anomalies of the osseous structures and vertebral artery at the cervical spine including the craniovertebral junction (CVJ)...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
Antonio Faundez, Stéphane Genevay
Spondylotic cervical myelopathy (SCM) is a radiologic entity that can match a clinical syndrome of varying degree of severity, and results from spinal canal narrowing due to physiological degeneration of the cervical spine. Clinically, cervical spinal canal narrowing can produce minimal symptoms such as non-specific neck pain, foraminal entrapment of nerve roots, or more severe, chronic myelopathy. SCM initially manifests by signs of posterior medullary tract dysfunction with subsequent pallesthesia, resulting in gait and balance disturbance...
June 27, 2012: Revue Médicale Suisse
M K Kasliwal, H Deutsch
BACKGROUND: The management of symptomatic thoracic disc herniation (TDH) has evolved tremendously ever since the first laminectomy was performed. The last decade has witnessed the evolution of minimally invasive approaches for TDH most of which have been posterior/posterolateral. Traditional anterior approaches involve a thoracotomy or more recently, thoracoscopic techniques. The authors describe a less invasive anterior retropleural surgical approach to address central thoracic disk herniations which is less extensive than a thoracotomy and allows better anterior access than posterior or posterolateral approaches...
August 2011: Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery: MIN
Shah Alam Khan, Khosro Sehat, Denis Calthorpe
STUDY DESIGN: A case of cervical cord compression in an elderly lady with Hurler's syndrome is reported. OBJECTIVE: To report the occurrence of cervical cord compression in a 56-year-old patient of Hurler's syndrome, making her the oldest patient with Hurler's. The case report also highlights the appropriate management that could be given to this group of difficult patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The literature on Hurler's syndrome is reviewed in terms of long-term survival and surgical management of spinal compression...
August 15, 2003: Spine
G E Sella
SEMG investigation protocols are described within the neurological framework. A neuroanatomic pathway is utilized including muscular disease, neuromuscular junction conditions, peripheral neuropathy, radiculopahy, myleopathy, brainstem disorders, cerebellar disorders, subcortical and cortical disease. SEMG findings within the clinical presentation of those pathologies are aimed at improving the diagnostic process and serve to focus the SEMG neuromuscular reeducation (biofeedback) component of the overall treatment plan...
June 2003: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
P Bösch, T Reisner
More than 70 transverse lesion of the cord syndromes in chondrodystrophic dwarfs have been described in the literature. 43 of these were adequately described and/or accessible for the authors. In 22 cases, a mechanical cause (including 14 lesions of the intervertebral disk) was directly responsible and, in 14 cases, no direct spinal cord suppression was found. In the latter group, 10 had a negative myelography, 3 positive and 1 case myelography was not performed. Of the 12 laminectomized cases, only 3 made a good recovery, 4 showed severe deterioration and 2 conservatively treated cases (including the case described here) were clearly improved...
October 1976: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Ihre Grenzgebiete
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