keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric neurosurgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524788/state-of-global-pediatric-neurosurgery-outreach-survey-by-the-international-education-subcommittee
#1
Matthew C Davis, Brandon G Rocque, Ash Singhal, Thomas Ridder, Jogi V Pattisapu, James M Johnston
OBJECTIVE Neurosurgical services are increasingly recognized as essential components of surgical care worldwide. The degree of interest among neurosurgeons regarding international work, and the barriers to involvement in global neurosurgical outreach, are largely unexplored. The authors distributed a survey to members of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (AANS/CNS) Joint Section on Pediatric Neurosurgery to assess the state of global outreach among its members and to identify barriers to involvement...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524128/-placement-of-a-ventricular-catheter-into-narrow-lateral-ventricles-popular-navigation
#2
S S Ozerov, A E Samarin, A V Mel'nikov, E V Kumirova
Placement of a ventricular catheter is the most common and easiest procedure in neurosurgery. Usually, the procedure is performed using anatomical landmarks. However, despite the apparent ease of this manipulation, its results are not always satisfactory. According to the literature data, the rate of improperly placed ventricular catheters amounts to 10-40%, which is directly correlated with the risk of shunt dysfunction. The use of special equipment, such as ultrasound scanners, endoscopes, stereotactic devices, and neuronavigation systems, significantly increases success of surgery...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521026/tracking-career-paths-of-women-in-neurosurgery
#3
Jaclyn J Renfrow, Analiz Rodriguez, Taylor A Wilson, Isabelle M Germano, Aviva Abosch, Stacey Quintero Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Women represent a growing cohort of US neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To describe postresidency fellowship, practice environment, and updated academic rank among female neurosurgeons. METHODS: Databases from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) and the American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS) from 1964 to 2013 were reviewed for female neurosurgery residency graduates. Data on postresidency fellowships, practice environment (private vs academic), academic rank, board certification, and AANS/CNS (Congress of Neurological Surgeons) Joint Section on Women in Neurosurgery (WINS) membership were collected in 2016...
May 16, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501899/is-there-a-july-effect-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#4
Yimo Lin, Rory R Mayer, Terence Verla, Jeffrey S Raskin, Sandi Lam
PURPOSE: The belief that July, when resident physicians' training year begins, may be associated with increased risk of patient morbidity and mortality is known as the "July effect." This study aimed to compare complication rates after pediatric neurosurgical procedures in the first versus last academic quarters in two national datasets. METHODS: Data were extracted from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics (NSQIP-P) database for year 2012 for 30-day complication events and the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) for year 2012 for in-hospital complication events after pediatric neurosurgical procedures...
May 13, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499018/intracystic-interferon-alpha-in-pediatric-craniopharyngioma-patients-an-international-multicenter-assessment-on-behalf-of-siope-and-ispn
#5
John-Paul Kilday, Massimo Caldarelli, Luca Massimi, Robert Hsin-Hung Chen, Yi Yen Lee, Muh-Lii Liang, Jeanette Parkes, Thuran Naiker, Marie-Lise van Veelen, Erna Michiels, Conor Mallucci, Benedetta Pettorini, Lisethe Meijer, Christian Dorfer, Thomas Czech, Manuel Diezi, Antoinette Yn Schouten-van Meeteren, Stefan Holm, Bengt Gustavsson, Martin Benesch, Hermann L Müller, Anika Hoffmann, Stefan Rutkowski, Joerg Flitsch, Gabriele Escherich, Michael Grotzer, Helen A Spoudeas, Kristian Azquikina, Michael Capra, Rolando Jiménez-Guerra, Patrick MacDonald, Donna L Johnston, Rina Dvir, Shlomi Constantini, Meng-Fai Kuo, Shih-Hung Yang, Ute Bartels
Background: Craniopharyngiomas are frequent hypothalamo-pituitary tumors in children, presenting predominantly as cystic lesions. Morbidity from conventional treatment has focused attention on intracystic drug delivery, hypothesized to cause fewer clinical consequences. However, the efficacy of intracystic therapy remains unclear. We report the retrospective experiences of several global centers using intracystic interferon-alpha. Methods: European Société Internationale d'Oncologie Pédiatrique and International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery centers were contacted to submit a datasheet capturing pediatric patients with cystic craniopharyngiomas who had received intracystic interferon-alpha...
May 11, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490158/endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-suprasellar-lesions-in-children-complications-and-prevention
#6
REVIEW
Yong Hwy Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Ji Hoon Phi, Seung-Ki Kim
The endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) has been popularized in adults and has been applied to an expanding range of surgical modules and indications in this population. However, its clinical application in pediatric neurosurgery has been impeded by the differences in anatomical features and the relatively low incidence of diseases to which it is applicable. In this review article, we mainly discuss the surgical indications, feasibility, and complications of EEA for suprasellar lesions in children based on a review of the literature, focusing especially on the age-related anatomical features of the nasal cavity, various pathologic entities, and the impact of EEA on long-term craniofacial growth...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490156/multiloculated-hydrocephalus-open-craniotomy-or-endoscopy
#7
REVIEW
Yun Ho Lee, Young Sub Kwon, Kook Hee Yang
Multiloculated hydrocephalus (MLH) is a condition in which patients have multiple, separate abnormal cerebrospinal fluid collections with no communication between them. Despite technical advancements in pediatric neurosurgery, neurological outcomes are poor in these patients and the approach to this pathology remains problematic especially given individual anatomic complexity and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hydrodynamics. A uniform surgical strategy has not yet been developed. Current treatment options for MLH are microsurgical fenestration of separate compartments by open craniotomy or endoscopy, shunt surgery in which multiple catheters are placed in the compartments, and combinations of these modalities...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479525/lhermitte-duclos-disease-dysplastic-gangliocytoma-of-the-cerebellum-and-cowden-syndrome-clinical-experience-from-a-single-institution-with-long-term-follow-up
#8
Tao Jiang, Junmei Wang, Jiang Du, Shiqi Luo, Raynald Liu, Jian Xie, Ying Wang, Chunde Li
BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) and Cowden syndrome (CS) are considered to be a single phakomatosis which belongs to PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS) now. There is still controversy about the diagnosis and treatment. The authors describe the clinical features of LDD and CS with long term follow up. METHODS: From January 2001 to January 2017, 18 patients were admitted to the neurosurgery department of Beijing Tiantan Hospital. The authors analyzed the medical records of each patient and followed up every case...
May 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463617/robot-assisted-procedures-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#9
Alessandro De Benedictis, Andrea Trezza, Andrea Carai, Elisabetta Genovese, Emidio Procaccini, Raffaella Messina, Franco Randi, Silvia Cossu, Giacomo Esposito, Paolo Palma, Paolina Amante, Michele Rizzi, Carlo Efisio Marras
OBJECTIVE During the last 3 decades, robotic technology has rapidly spread across several surgical fields due to the continuous evolution of its versatility, stability, dexterity, and haptic properties. Neurosurgery pioneered the development of robotics, with the aim of improving the quality of several procedures requiring a high degree of accuracy and safety. Moreover, robot-guided approaches are of special interest in pediatric patients, who often have altered anatomy and challenging relationships between the diseased and eloquent structures...
May 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438070/creation-of-a-novel-simulator-for-minimally-invasive-neurosurgery-fusion-of-3d-printing-and-special-effects
#10
Peter Weinstock, Roberta Rehder, Sanjay P Prabhu, Peter W Forbes, Christopher J Roussin, Alan R Cohen
OBJECTIVE Recent advances in optics and miniaturization have enabled the development of a growing number of minimally invasive procedures, yet innovative training methods for the use of these techniques remain lacking. Conventional teaching models, including cadavers and physical trainers as well as virtual reality platforms, are often expensive and ineffective. Newly developed 3D printing technologies can recreate patient-specific anatomy, but the stiffness of the materials limits fidelity to real-life surgical situations...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411414/laser-interstitial-thermotherapy-litt-in-epilepsy-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt, Christoph Helmstaedter, Thomas Gasser, Hartmut Vatter, Christian E Elger
Besides other innovative stereotactic procedures (radiofrequency thermocoagulation, focused ultrasound, gamma knife) laser interstitial thermotherapy (LiTT) provides minimally invasive destruction of pathological soft tissues which could be especially relevant for epilepsy surgeries involving adult and pediatric patients. Unlike standard resections, no craniotomy is required; just a tiny borehole trepanation is sufficient. Damage to cortical areas when accessing deep lesions can be minimized or completely avoided, and treating epileptogenic foci near eloquent or even vital brain areas becomes possible...
April 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368531/academic-productivity-of-us-neurosurgery-residents-as-measured-by-h-index-program-ranking-with-correlation-to-faculty-productivity
#12
Christopher A Sarkiss, Kyle J Riley, Christopher M Hernandez, Eric K Oermann, Travis R Ladner, Joshua B Bederson, Raj K Shrivastava
Engagement in research and academic productivity are crucial components in the training of a neurosurgeon. This process typically begins in residency training. In this study, we analyzed individual resident productivity as it correlated to publications across all Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited neurosurgery training programs in an attempt to identify how programs have developed and fostered a research culture and environment. We obtained a list of current neurosurgery residents in ACGME-accredited programs from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons database...
June 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362930/past-present-and-future-of-neurosurgery-in-uganda
#13
Michael M Haglund, Benjamin Warf, Anthony Fuller, Kyle Freischlag, Michael Muhumuza, Hussein Ssenyonjo, John Mukasa, John Mugamba, Joel Kiryabwire
Neurosurgery in Uganda was virtually non-existent up until late 1960s. This changed when Dr. Jovan Kiryabwire spearheaded development of a neurosurgical unit at Mulago Hospital in Kampala. His work ethic and vision set the stage for rapid expansion of neurosurgical care in Uganda.At the beginning of the 2000s, Uganda was a country of nearly 30 million people, but had only 4 neurosurgeons. Neurosurgery's progress was plagued by challenges faced by many developing countries, such as difficulty retaining specialists, lack of modern hospital resources, and scarce training facilities...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362667/implementation-strategies-in-pediatric-neurocritical-care
#14
Christopher Markham, Enola K Proctor, Jose A Pineda
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Brain-directed critical care for children is a relatively new area of subspecialization in pediatric critical care. Pediatric neurocritical care teams combine the expertise of neurology, neurosurgery, and critical care medicine. The positive impact of delivering specialized care to pediatric patients with acute neurological illness is becoming more apparent, but the optimum way to implement and sustain the delivery of this is complicated and poorly understood. We aim to provide emerging evidence supporting that effective implementation of pediatric neurocritical care pathways can improve patient survival and outcomes...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362185/reoperations-within-48-hours-following-7942-pediatric-neurosurgery-procedures
#15
Anil K Roy, Jason Chu, Caroline Bozeman, Samir Sarda, Michael Sawvel, Joshua J Chern
OBJECTIVE Various indicators are used to evaluate the quality of care delivered by surgical services, one of which is early reoperation rate. The indications and rate of reoperations within a 48-hour time period have not been previously reported for pediatric neurosurgery. METHODS Between May 1, 2009, and December 30, 2014, 7942 surgeries were performed by the pediatric neurosurgery service in the operating rooms at a single institution. Demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical characteristics associated with each of the operations were prospectively collected...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357552/xii-brazilian-congress-of-pediatric-neurosurgery-april-19-22th-2017-florian%C3%A3-polis-brazil
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301365/preserving-the-legitimacy-of-board-certification
#17
Michael S Hanemann, Holly C Wall, John A Dean
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this discussion were to inform the medical community about the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery's ongoing attempts in Louisiana to achieve equivalency to American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) member boards so that its diplomates may use the term "board certified" in advertising and to ensure public safety by upholding the standards for medical board certification. BACKGROUND: In 2011, Louisiana passed a truth in medical advertising law, which was intended to protect the public by prohibiting the use of the term "board certified" by improperly credentialed physicians...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299589/respiratory-variation-in-peak-aortic-velocity-accurately-predicts-fluid-responsiveness-in-children-undergoing-neurosurgery-under-general-anesthesia
#18
Kavita G Morparia, Srijaya K Reddy, Laura J Olivieri, Michael C Spaeder, Jennifer J Schuette
The determination of fluid responsiveness in the critically ill child is of vital importance, more so as fluid overload becomes increasingly associated with worse outcomes. Dynamic markers of volume responsiveness have shown some promise in the pediatric population, but more research is needed before they can be adopted for widespread use. Our aim was to investigate effectiveness of respiratory variation in peak aortic velocity and pulse pressure variation to predict fluid responsiveness, and determine their optimal cutoff values...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291426/case-report-of-a-6-year-old-girl-with-mycoplasma-hominis-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-infection
#19
Masanori Sato, Noriko Kubota, Yoshihiko Katsuyama, Yota Suzuki, Yosuke Miyairi, Kisei Minami, Masashi Kasai
Mycoplasma hominis is a rare causative pathogen for surgical site infections after neurosurgical procedures. This organism lacks a cell wall, rendering it undetectable by Gram staining and making it resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics. In addition, some special techniques are required to identify this organism. Thus, it is very difficult to diagnose infections caused by this pathogen. Here, the authors report a pediatric case of M. hominis ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) infection with central nervous system involvement for which beta-lactam antibiotics were not effective and Gram staining revealed no pathogens...
May 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290395/indian-society-of-neuro-oncology-consensus-guidelines-for-the-contemporary-management-of-medulloblastoma
#20
Tejpal Gupta, Chitra Sarkar, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Sandip Chatterjee, Neelam Shirsat, Dattatreya Muzumdar, Sona Pungavkar, Girish Chinnaswamy, Rakesh Jalali
INTRODUCTION: The high success rate in the management medulloblastoma achieved in the western world is not exactly mirrored in developing countries including India. Socio-demographic differences, health-care disparity, and lack in uniformity of care with resultant widespread variations in the clinical practice are some of the reasons that may partly explain this difference in outcomes. Patients with medulloblastoma require a multi-disciplinary team approach involving but not limited to neuro-radiology, neurosurgery; neuropathology, molecular biology, radiation oncology, pediatric medical oncology and rehabilitative services for optimizing outcomes...
March 2017: Neurology India
keyword
keyword
29950
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"