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Endometrioma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210515/cystic-endometrioma-with-coexisting-fibroma-originating-in-a-supernumerary-ovary-in-the-rectovaginal-pouch
#1
Daiki Ogishima, Asumi Sakaguchi, Hiroko Kodama, Kanako Ogura, Ayako Miwa, Yayoi Sugimori, Shozo Matuoka, Toshiharu Matsumoto
A supernumerary ovary is an exceedingly rare disorder, in which the structure containing ovarian tissue is located at some distance from the normally placed ovary. 16 cases of endometriosis or tumors originating in a supernumerary ovary have been published in the English literature, but no case of coexisting endometriosis and a tumor has been published. We present the case of a 40-year-old female with cystic endometrioma with coexisting fibroma originating in a supernumerary ovary in the rectovaginal pouch...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209488/postoperative-maintenance-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-system-and-endometrioma-recurrence-a-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Yi-Jen Chen, Teh-Fu Hsu, Ben-Shian Huang, Hsiao-Wen Tsai, Yen-Hou Chang, Peng-Hui Wang
BACKGROUND: According to three randomized trials, levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system significantly reduced recurrent endometriosis- related pelvic pain at postoperative year 1. Only a few studies have evaluated the long-term effectiveness of the devicefor preventing endometrioma recurrence, and the effects of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system as a maintenance therapy remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a maintenance levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is effective for preventing postoperative endometrioma recurrence...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186620/an-update-on-the-diagnosis-surgical-management-and-fertility-outcomes-for-women-with-endometrioma
#3
Ryan Cranney, George Condous, Shannon Reid
Endometriosis is estimated to affect up to 50% of infertile women, and severity of endometriosis stage appears to correlate with reduced fertility. Ovarian endometrioma are found in up to 44% of women with endometriosis, and are significantly associated with the presence of pelvic deep infiltrating endometriosis, ovarian adhesions, and pouch of Douglas obliteration. Through the use of MEDLINE and PubMed databases, we conducted a literature review of all available research related to the diagnosis, surgical management and fertility outcomes for women with endometrioma...
February 10, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160605/increased-ipsilateral-uterine-artery-vascular-resistance-in-women-with-ovarian-endometrioma
#4
Miyoko Waratani, Taisuke Mori, Fumitake Ito, Yukiko Tanaka, Akemi Koshiba, Akiko Takahata, Jo Kitawaki
AIM: The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the presence of an ovarian endometrioma is associated with impaired vascular flow. We investigated changes in vascular flow on the ipsilateral and contralateral side of the endometrioma, before and after surgery. METHODS: This prospective case-control study included 144 women (ovarian endometrioma [n = 40], endometriosis without ovarian endometrioma [n = 33], non-endometriotic ovarian cyst [n = 17], and normal pelvis [n = 54])...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150406/preoperative-assessment-of-factors-associated-with-difficulty-in-performing-total-laparoscopic-hysterectomy
#5
Ako Saito, Tetsuya Hirata, Kaori Koga, Masashi Takamura, Shinya Fukuda, Kazuaki Neriishi, Gia Pastorfide, Miyuki Harada, Yasushi Hirota, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga
AIM: Our objective was to determine the preoperative factors associated with difficulty in total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). METHODS: This retrospective clinical study included 157 patients who underwent TLH for leiomyoma or adenomyosis between 2009 and 2013. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before surgery. We categorized patients as 'difficult' if the operation time was > 243 min, if total blood loss was > 500 mL, or if conversion to laparotomy was necessary...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139522/ovarian-fibrosis-a-phenomenon-of-concern
#6
REVIEW
Feng Zhou, Li-Bing Shi, Song-Ying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian fibrosis is characterized by excessive proliferation of ovarian fibroblasts and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) and it is one of the principal reasons for ovarian dysfunction. This review aimed to investigate the pathogenetic mechanism of ovarian fibrosis and to clarify the relationship between ovarian diseases and fibrosis. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed for English language articles published up to November 2016. The search terms included ovarian fibrosis OR fibrosis, ovarian chocolate cyst OR ovarian endometrioma, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), premature ovarian failure, ECM, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs), transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-γ), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and combinations of these terms...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118296/malignancy-risk-of-sonographically-benign-appearing-purely-solid-adnexal-masses-in-asymptomatic-postmenopausal-women
#7
Juan Luis Alcazar, Maria Angela Pascual, Reyes Marquez, Silvia Ajossa, Leire Juez, Betlem Graupera, Alba Piras, Lourdes Hereter, Stefano Guerriero
OBJECTIVE: To assess the natural history of benign appearing purely solid ovarian lesions in asymptomatic postmenopausal women. METHODS: Retrospective observational cohort study comprising 99 women (mean age, 58.2 years, ranging from 50 to 77 years) diagnosed as having a purely solid ovarian lesion at transvaginal ultrasound between April 2001 and October 2015. Inclusion criteria were as follows: asymptomatic postmenopausal women with a well-defined purely solid ovarian lesion with International Ovarian Tumor Analysis color score 1 or 2, without ascites and/or signs of carcinomatosis...
January 23, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109703/investigation-of-anogenital-distance-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-endometriosis
#8
Maria L Sánchez-Ferrer, Jaime Mendiola, Raquel Jiménez-Velázquez, Laura Cánovas-López, Shiana Corbalán-Biyang, Ana I Hernández-Peñalver, Ana Carmona-Barnosi, Ana B Maldonado-Cárceles, Maria T Prieto-Sánchez, Francisco Machado-Linde, Anibal Nieto, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
An association between anogenital distance (AGD) and endometriosis has been reported, suggesting that AGD may be a useful clinical tool in endometriosis. The predictive ability of AGD of women in discriminating presence and type of endometriosis was examined. A case-control study was conducted at the University Hospital 'Virgen de la Arrixaca', Murcia, Spain, between 2014 and 2015. A total of 114 participants diagnosed with endometriosis using ultrasound findings and 105 controls were recruited. Two AGD measurements were obtained: one from the anterior clitoral surface to the upper verge of the anus (AGDAC), and another one from the posterior fourchette to the upper verge of the anus (AGDAF)...
January 10, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099732/the-impact-of-laparoscopic-cystectomy-on-ovarian-reserve-in-patients-with-unilateral-and-bilateral-endometrioma
#9
Abolfazl Mehdizadeh Kashi, Shahla Chaichian, Shideh Ariana, Masoumeh Fazaeli, Yousef Moradi, Mandana Rashidi, Zahra Najmi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of laparoscopic cystectomy on serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level as a marker of ovarian reserve in patients with endometrioma. METHODS: A prospective observational study enrolled patients aged younger than 40 years who were referred to a tertiary center in Tehran, Iran, between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2014 to undergo laparoscopic cystectomy for ovarian endometriomas at least 30 mm in diameter, or regardless of size for patients with infertility, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, or dyschezia...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090460/efficacy-and-safety-of-dienogest-in-patients-with-endometriosis-a-single-center-observational-study-over-12-months
#10
So Yun Park, Sung Hoon Kim, Hee Dong Chae, Chung-Hoon Kim, Byung Moon Kang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dienogest treatment in patients who had received dienogest for 12 months or more to treat endometriosis. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical data of 188 women with endometriosis who had been treated with 2 mg of dienogest once a day for 12 months or more at a single institute. We evaluated changes in endometriosis-associated pain and endometrioma size, recurrence rate, and adverse events following dienogest administration...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089684/the-impact-of-cystectomy-on-ovarian-reserve-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Roa Alammari, Michelle Lightfoot, Hye-Chun Hur
Ovarian cysts are common in the reproductive age. Pathological cysts such as endometriomas and dermoids often require surgical intervention if symptomatic. Laparoscopic cystectomy is the first line treatment for these cysts, and is associated with better pain control and less recurrence than drainage or cyst ablation procedures. There has been an emerging concern about the effect of ovarian cystectomy on ovarian reserve with some evidence of short term and long term reduction in ovarian reserve. Certain cyst characteristics (endometrioma pathology, large cyst size, bilateral presentation) are associated with greater decline in ovarian reserve after cystectomy...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089574/does-preoperative-antim%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-level-influence-postoperative-pregnancy-rate-in-women-undergoing-surgery-for-severe-endometriosis
#12
Emanuela Stochino-Loi, Basma Darwish, Oana Mircea, Salma Touleimat, Jenny-Claude Millochau, Carole Abo, Stefano Angioni, Horace Roman
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative pregnancy rates as they relate to presurgery antimüllerian hormone (AMH) level in patients with stage 3 and 4 endometriosis. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study using data prospectively recorded in the North-West Inter-Regional Female Cohort for Patients with Endometriosis (CIRENDO) database. SETTING: University tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): One hundred eighty patients with stage 3 and 4 endometriosis and pregnancy intention, managed from June 2010 to March 2015, were divided into two groups according to their preoperative AMH levels: group A (AMH ≥2 ng/mL) and group B (AMH <2 ng/mL)...
January 12, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076877/ultrasound-imaging-for-ovarian-and-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#13
Caterina Exacoustos, Errico Zupi, Emilio Piccione
The main challenges of imaging for endometriosis are the detection of nonovarian disease and the evaluation of the extension of the disease into pelvic structures. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) has been proposed as the first-line imaging technique because it allows extensive exploration of the pelvis. The "typical" endometrioma is a unilocular cyst with homogeneous low-level echogenicity (ground glass echogenicity) of the cyst fluid. The use of color Doppler helps avoid classifying malignancies as endometriomas, defining the presence of vascular flow in papillations...
January 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049215/surgical-management-of-endometriosis-in-patients-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#14
Rebecca Flyckt, Suejin Kim, Tommaso Falcone
Surgical approaches to endometriosis patients with chronic pelvic pain are multimodal and require individualization. Laparoscopic approaches are preferred over laparotomy when conservatively treating endometriosis via excision or ablation/fulguration of lesions. The available data support cystectomy over fenestration or fulguration for endometriomas; however, there may be associated decreases in ovarian reserve with endometrioma treatment. Presacral neurectomy may be useful in patients with midline pain and LUNA is not effective for the treatment of pelvic pain related to endometriosis...
January 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038848/social-psychogenic-stress-promotes-the-development-of-endometriosis-in-mouse
#15
Sun-Wei Guo, Qi Zhang, Xishi Liu
Exposure to chronic stress before and well after the induction of endometriosis is reported to increase lesion sizes in rats, but it is unclear whether stress, exposed shortly after the induction of endometriosis, would also promote the development of endometriosis, nor is it clear what the underlying possible molecular mechanism is. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that chronic stress can promote the development of endometriosis. A prospective randomized mouse experiment was conducted that subjected mice with induced endometriosis to predator stress...
December 16, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999704/rectus-abdominis-endometrioma-after-caesarean-section
#16
Igor Mishin, Anna Mishina, Sergiu Zaharia, Gheorghe Zastavnitsky
Isolated rectus abdominis muscle endometriosis is very uncommon with less than 20 case reports being published to date since its first description in 1984 by Amato and Levitt. We report another case of isolated rectus abdominis endometriosis in a 37-year-old patient with a previous caesarian section. We also discuss the diagnostic and treatment particularities in these patients. In our case, the treatment was only surgical and currently the patient is disease-free during the 24-month follow-up.
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989989/total-circulating-microparticle-levels-are-increased-in-patients-with-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#17
J Munrós, M A Martínez-Zamora, D Tàssies, J L Coloma, M A Torrente, J C Reverter, F Carmona, J Balasch
STUDY QUESTION: Are the levels of total circulating cell-derived microparticles (cMPs) and circulating tissue factor-containing microparticles (cMP-TF) increased in patients with endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: The levels of total cMP, but not cMP-TF, were higher in patients with endometriosis, and these were attributed to higher levels in patients with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Previous studies have reported elevated levels of total cMP in inflammatory conditions as well as higher levels of other inflammatory biomarkers in endometriosis...
December 17, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942100/abdominal-wall-endometrioma-our-experience-in-vladimir-russia
#18
Mahir Gachabayov, Roman Horta, Dmitriy Afanasyev, Timur Gilyazov
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is defined as an estrogen-dependent, benign inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial implants. Abdominal wall endometrioma (AWE) being a rare entity is a benign tumor defined as ectopic functional, endometrial tissue located in the abdominal wall. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 23 female patients treated with AWE in four departments of three centers in Vladimir city, Russia, from January 2010 to December 2014 was performed...
November 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932897/effect-of-ovarian-endometrioma-on-uterine-and-ovarian-blood-flow-in-infertile-women
#19
Akmal El-Mazny, Ahmed Kamel, Wafaa Ramadan, Sherine Gad-Allah, Suzy Abdelaziz, Ahmed M Hussein
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis has been found to be among the most important factors in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. The formation of new blood vessels is critical for the survival of newly implanted endometriotic foci. The use of 3-D power Doppler allows for the demonstration of the dynamic vascular changes that occur during the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF). We aimed to evaluate the effect of ovarian endometrioma on uterine and ovarian blood flow in infertile women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study at a university teaching hospital, 138 women with unilateral ovarian endometrioma scheduled for IVF were compared to 138 women with male-factor or unexplained infertility...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932268/ten-principles-for-a-safe-surgical-treatment-of-ovarian-endometriosis
#20
M A López-de la Torre, H M Abrao, L F Fernandes, R M Kho, M S Abrao
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a step-by-step laparoscopic approach for excision of ovarian endometrioma following surgical principles for safety and maximal preservation of ovarian function. DESIGN: Video SETTING: Medical management of ovarian endometriomas is not recommended. Operative laparoscopic is the treatment of choice. Although considered a simple procedure, ovarian cystectomy requires precise and correct technique in order to preserve ovarian function. PATIENT: Asymptomatic, 27yo woman with ultrasound imaging suggesting a 6,2 x 5,4 cm left endometrioma...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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