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Medial sesamoid stress fracture

Kelly C McInnis, Lindsay N Ramey
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes. They occur during periods of increased training without adequate rest, disrupting normal bone reparative mechanisms. There are a host of intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including biochemical and biomechanical, that put athletes at risk. In most stress fractures, the diagnosis is primarily clinical, with imaging indicated at times, and management focused on symptom-free relative rest with advancement of activity as tolerated. Overall, stress fractures in athletes have an excellent prognosis for return to sport, with little risk of complication...
March 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Stephanie W Mayer, Patrick W Joyner, Louis C Almekinders, Selene G Parekh
CONTEXT: Stress fractures of the foot and ankle are a common problem encountered by athletes of all levels and ages. These injuries can be difficult to diagnose and may be initially evaluated by all levels of medical personnel. Clinical suspicion should be raised with certain history and physical examination findings. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Scientific and review articles were searched through PubMed (1930-2012) with search terms including stress fractures and 1 of the following: foot ankle, medial malleolus, lateral malleolus, calcaneus, talus, metatarsal, cuboid, cuneiform, sesamoid, or athlete...
November 2014: Sports Health
Daniel Y Wu, K F Lam
BACKGROUND: Although the etiology of hallux valgus is contested, in some patients it may be failure of the stabilizing soft tissue structures around the first ray of the foot. Because there is lack of effective soft tissue techniques, osteotomies have become the mainstream surgical approach to compensate for the underlying soft tissue deficiency; osteodesis, a soft tissue nonosteotomy technique, may be a third alternative, but its efficacy is unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We asked: (1) Can an osteodesis, a distal soft tissue technique, correct hallux valgus satisfactorily in terms of deformity correction and improvement in American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score? (2) Is the effectiveness of an osteodesis affected by the patient's age or deformity severity? (3) What complications are associated with this procedure? METHODS: Between February and October 2010, we performed 126 operations to correct hallux valgus, of which 126 (100%) were osteodeses...
January 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
D W C Wong, D Y Wu, H S Man, A K L Leung
Metatarsus primus varus deformity correction is one of the main objectives in hallux valgus surgery. A 'syndesmosis' procedure may be used to correct hallux valgus. An osteotomy is not involved. The aim is to realign the first metatarsal using soft tissues and a cerclage wire around the necks of the first and second metatarsals. We have retrospectively assessed 27 patients (54 feet) using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, radiographs and measurements of the plantar pressures after bilateral syndesmosis procedures...
April 2014: Bone & Joint Journal
O Miltner
Stress reactions and stress fractures are defined as structural damage to bone caused by repetitive stress or stereotypical loading. The balance between loading and unloading of bone is disrupted in stress reactions and stress fractures through the sport-specific demands and by the exogenous or endogenous risk factors present. In sports orthopedics the localization of stress reactions and stress fractures are subdivided into high risk fractures and low risk fractures. Conventional diagnostic radiology can initially be inconclusive...
June 2013: Der Unfallchirurg
Joël Damiano
Forefoot chronic pain is a frequent problem in daily clinical practice. Mechanical pathology of the forefoot, usually called static metatarsalgia, represents the most frequent reason for consultation in pathology of the foot. The cause is a functionnal disorder or anatomic derangement of the forefoot architecture. Metatarsalgia can originate from a wide range of affections. Etiologies of chronic pain are described from medial to lateral with first ray pathologies (hallux valgus, hallux rigidus and sesamoid pathology) and first ray insufficiency, pathologies of the second, third and fourth ray and intermetatarsal spaces (second ray syndrome, Freiberg's disease, Morton neuroma, stress or bone insufficiency metatarsal fractures, intermetatarsal bursitis) and fifth ray pathology (lateral bursitis, quintus varus)...
March 20, 2010: La Revue du Praticien
Jason Brockwell, Yeung Yeung, James F Griffith
Stress fractures are common athletic injuries of the foot and ankle, described in every bone except the lesser toes, and reviewed here. Early diagnosis usually allows for simpler treatment and quick recovery. Early clinical presentations can be subtle, so a high degree of suspicion and a systematic approach, coupled with an understanding of the diagnostic limitations present in early injury, is required. Such a rigorous approach ultimately pays dividends for these patients, who are usually keen to return quickly to athletic activity...
September 2009: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
O Alexa, I Popia
We present the case of a fourty-two year old truck driver without a major trauma history who was diagnosed in our unit as having a stress fracture of the first metatarsophalangeal joint medial sesamoid bone. Conservative treatment consisting of 30 day immobilisation was our treatment choice. The result was very good and at six month follow-up the patient had no complains. We have searched for other opinions but there is a paucity of published literature on the injuries of the lesser toe sesamoids of the foot...
October 2005: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Geert I Pagenstert, Victor Valderrabano, Beat Hintermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2006: Foot & Ankle International
Roland Biedert, Beat Hintermann
The purpose of this study was to determine whether specific symptoms and findings are present in patients with symptomatic stress fractures of the sesamoids of the great toe and, if so, whether partial sesamoidectomy is sufficient for successful treatment. Five consecutive athletes (five females; mean age 16.8 years [range, 13 to 22 years]) with six feet that were treated for symptomatic stress fractures of the sesamoids of the great toe were included in this study. Four athletes (five feet) performed rhythmic sports gymnastics; the fifth athlete was a long jumper...
February 2003: Foot & Ankle International
Esat Kiter, Fahir Demirkan, B Alper Kiliç, Gürkan Erkula
There is a paucity of published literature on the injuries of the lesser toe sesamoids of the foot. A fifty-six-year-old male patient without a major trauma history was diagnosed as having a stress fracture of the fifth metatarsophalangeal joint medial sesamoid bone. Conservative treatment was employed and the patient was followed-up for 25 months without any complaints. The sesamoid bone injury of the fifth toe should be included in the differential diagnosis of lateral forefoot pain.
2002: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
B P Boden, D C Osbahr
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries seen in athletes and military recruits. The pathogenesis is multifactorial and usually involves repetitive submaximal stresses. Intrinsic factors, such as hormonal imbalances, may also contribute to the onset of stress fractures, especially in women. The classic presentation is a patient who experiences the insidious onset of pain after an abrupt increase in the duration or intensity of exercise. The diagnosis is primarily clinical, but imaging modalities such as plain radiography, scintigraphy, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging may provide confirmation...
November 2000: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Y Yamaguchi
Extensive research has been done on disorders of the sesamoid bone of the hallux. However, reports on the mechanism of the disorder are few and a comprehensive assessment of the biomechanical role played by the sesamoid bone has not been done. In an effort to elucidate the role of the sesamoid bone, we have developed a force sensor which utilizes the capacitance method, and evaluated the biomechanical aspects of fatigue fracture associated with it. Three frozen stored human limbs were thawed at room temperature...
April 1993: Nihon Seikeigeka Gakkai Zasshi
J P Lawson, J A Ogden, E Sella, K W Barwick
The accessory navicular is usually considered a normal anatomic and roentgenographic variant. The term may refer to two distinct patterns. First, a sesamoid bone may be present within the posterior tibial tendon (Type 1); this is anatomically separate from the navicular. Second, an accessory ossification center may be medial to the navicular (Type 2). During postnatal development this is within a cartilaginous mass that is continuous with the cartilage of the navicular. At skeletal maturity the accessory center usually fuses with the navicular to form a curvilinear bone...
1984: Skeletal Radiology
K Chillag, W A Grana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1985: Orthopedics
A Hulkko, S Orava, P Pellinen, J Puranen
Over a period of 11 years 15 cases of stress fractures of the sesamoid bones of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint were treated in athletes. The mean age of the patients was 22.3 years, and there were 9 males and 6 females in the series. All patients were athletes, who began to suffer from the symptoms during training without any trauma. Eight fractures were located in the medial, six in the lateral sesamoid bone, and in one case both sesamoids were affected. The diagnosis was performed on the basis of the history, symptoms, clinical examination, and radiological, or isotope scanning findings...
1985: Archives of Orthopaedic and Traumatic Surgery. Archiv Für Orthopädische und Unfall-Chirurgie
T Naumann, W Puhl
Splitting of the medial sesamoid bone of the first metatarsophalangeae is relatively frequent, whereas splitting of the tibial and fibular sesamoid bone occurs rarely (6). Differential diagnosis must consider (in respect of pathogenesis) both a fracture if there is an adequate trauma, and a stress fracture. Diagnosis is discussed on the basis of an available case report and compared with the reports published in the literature.
March 1990: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
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