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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045980/-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibodies-associated-vasculitis-with-lung-hemorrhage-in-the-patient-on-maintenance-haemodialysis-a-case-report
#1
J X Ding, M Wang
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is usually a multisystem disorder, and pulmonary renal syndrome is a common presentation. Patients with AAV are less likely to experience relapse when they progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We report a rare case of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) in relapsing AAV after eight years of haemodialysis. A 58-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with the chief complaints of dyspnea and hemoptysis accompanied by anemia, fever, fatigue, and weight loss...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045916/suicide-deaths-among-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-receiving-dialysis-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-of-64-000-patients-in-taiwan
#2
I-Ming Chen, Po-Hsien Lin, Vin-Cent Wu, Chi-Shin Wu, Jia-Chi Shan, Shu-Sen Chang, Shih-Cheng Liao
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who receive dialysis may experience increased distress and risk of suicide. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study linked Taiwan's national register of ESRD patients on dialysis and the cause-of-death mortality data file. A separate multiple-cause-of-death data file was used to investigate the detailed suicide methods used. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for the overall patient group and by sex, age, year of initiating dialysis, method of suicide, and time since initiation of dialysis...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045285/milrinone-dosing-and-a-culture-of-caution-in-clinical-practice
#3
Luke Yong Zheng Chong, Kumar Satya, Bernard Kim, Robert Berkowitz
Milrinone is an invaluable agent in the treatment of end-stage heart failure patients who are refractory to optimal medical therapy. In addition to its use in acute decompensated heart failure, milrinone can also be employed as a home infusion therapy or a bridge to cardiac transplant. Concerns about its adverse effects, such as an increased risk of arrhythmias and hypotension, often limit the doses of milrinone used in clinical practice. In addition, milrinone is infrequently used or avoided entirely in patients with acute renal failure or end-stage renal disease since the drug is primarily cleared by renal excretion...
October 17, 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044883/clinical-benefit-and-residual-kidney-function-of-en-bloc-nephrectomy-for-perirenal-retroperitoneal-sarcoma
#4
Chan Woo Cho, Kyo Won Lee, Hyojun Park, Hyung Joon Kim, Jae Berm Park, Yoon-La Choi, Jeong Il Yu, Su Jin Lee, Dong Il Choi, Sung Joo Kim
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of en bloc nephrectomy for perirenal retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) with respect to postoperative kidney function and oncological benefits. METHODS: We performed a comparative study of 114 patients undergoing surgery for primary RPS, classifying cases as nephrectomy (NPX, n = 65) versus no nephrectomy (no-NPX, n = 49). The Δ and % change between preoperative and postoperative estimated glomerulus filtration rate (eGFR) were analyzed to compare renal function changes after surgery...
October 18, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044584/direct-medical-costs-associated-with-the-extrahepatic-manifestations-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-france
#5
P Cacoub, M Vautier, A C Desbois, D Saadoun, Z Younossi
BACKGROUND: The economic impact of extrahepatic manifestations of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains unknown for France. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of extrahepatic manifestations of HCV and the direct medical costs associated with them. METHODS: Estimates of 13 extrahepatic manifestations prevalence were obtained from (1) a retrospective data analysis of HCV-infected patients in a specialised centre and the baseline prevalence in the general French population and (2) an international systematic review...
October 18, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044342/acquired-cystic-kidney-disease-in-allograft-with-long-standing-poor-function
#6
Leonardo Cardili, Henrique Machado de Sousa Proença, Marcello Fabiano de Franco
Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease (ACKD) is regarded as a common late condition of end stage renal damage and expresses its most important features when associated with long term hemodialysis. ACKD is also widely known as a premalignant lesion. Its occurrence in chronically rejected renal allografts is rare and its frequency and behavior in this setting are not well known. Herein we report a case of ACKD in a long standing nonfunctional allograft (215 months) which is not associated with malignancy and briefly review the related literature...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044341/the-use-of-antimicrobials-in-septic-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#7
Fernanda Moreira de Freitas, Welder Zamoner, Durval Sampaio de Souza Garms, Mariele Gobo de Oliveira, André Luis Balbi, Daniela Ponce
Sepsis is the most common cause of death in critically ill patients and it may be associated with multiorgan failure, including acute kidney injury (AKI). This situation can require acute renal support and increase mortality. Therefore, it is essential to administrate antimicrobials in dosis to achieve adequate serum levels, preventing overdosis and drug toxicity or underdosing and risk for resistance to antibiotics and higher mortality. To date, there aren't validated guidelines on antibiotic dosis adjustment in septic patients with AKI and the recommendations are extrapolated from studies conducted in non-critical patients with chronic kidney disease in end stage receiving chronic renal replacement therapy...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043581/the-unique-blood-pressures-and-pulsatility-of-lvad-patients-current-challenges-and-future-opportunities
#8
REVIEW
Francesco Castagna, Eric J Stöhr, Alberto Pinsino, John R Cockcroft, Joshua Willey, A Reshad Garan, Veli K Topkara, Paolo C Colombo, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Barry J McDonnell
An increasing number of end-stage heart failure patients are now implanted with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs). Although this therapeutic approach is associated with improved clinical outcomes, continuous flow physiology reduces arterial pulse pressure and pulsatility to an extent that is unique to this population. Recent data suggest that high blood pressure (BP) contributes to life-threatening complications such as pump thrombosis and stroke of CF-LVAD patients. However, limited understanding of the distinct hemodynamics of these pumps makes measurement and, consequently, medical management of BP quite challenging...
October 18, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043511/implication-of-decreased-serum-complement-3-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy
#9
Junlin Zhang, Yiting Wang, Rui Zhang, Hanyu Li, Qianqian Han, Ruikun Guo, Tingli Wang, Li Li, Fang Liu
AIMS: The serum complement 3 (C3) level was reduced in many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the clinical implications of such change are still less understood. This study was aimed to explore the association between C3 level and the baseline clinicopathological characteristics and the prognosis of T2DM patients with DN. METHODS: A total of 171 T2DM patients with biopsy-proven DN who received follow-up for at least 1 year were recruited...
October 17, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042993/sitagliptin-ameliorates-high-glucose-induced-cell-proliferation-and-expression-of-the-extracellular-matrix-in-glomerular-mesangial-cells
#10
Guan-Ying Zhang, Dong-Dong Wang, Zheng Cao, Tong Wei, Chen-Xu Liu, Qun-Li Wei
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most important causes that leads to end-stage renal disease and the efficacy of strategies currently available for the prevention of DN remains unsatisfactory. Sitagliptin (SIT), which is a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, exhibited a modest beneficial effect on glycated hemoglobin levels and is capable of ameliorating renal ischemia reperfusion injury. By determining the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), collagen type IV (ColIV) and fibronectin (FN) levels in high glucose-cultured glomerular mesangial cells (MCs), the present study aimed to assess the anti-proliferative and anti-fibrotic effects of SIT on the therapeutic potential for the prevention of DN and its mechanism...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042765/risk-of-cancer-after-lung-transplantation-for-copd
#11
Magnus Ekström, Gerdt C Riise, Hanan A Tanash
BACKGROUND: The risk of cancer is increased and affects survival after lung transplantation (LTx), but has not been well characterized in COPD. We aimed to evaluate the incidence and prognosis of cancer following LTx for COPD. METHODS: A prospective, population-based study of patients undergoing LTx for end-stage COPD at the two transplantation centers in Sweden between 1990-2013, with follow-up for incident cancer and death, using national registers. The excess risk of cancer was calculated as standardized incidence ratios compared with the general population matched for age, sex, and calendar year...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042081/peritoneal-dialysis-is-associated-with-better-cognitive-function-than-hemodialysis-over-a-one-year-course
#12
Denise Neumann, Wilfried Mau, Andreas Wienke, Matthias Girndt
Impaired cognitive functioning in patients with end-stage renal disease may reduce their capabilities to adhere to complex medical or dietary regimens and to fully participate in medical decisions. With decreasing renal function, cognitive abilities are likely to decline, with cognitive dysfunction improving after initiation of dialysis and even being generally reversible after successful renal transplantation. However, little is known about cognitive changes particularly regarding different treatment modalities...
October 14, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042076/perioperative-outcomes-after-reoperative-carotid-endarterectomy-are-worse-than-expected
#13
Brianna M Krafcik, Thomas W Cheng, Alik Farber, Jeffrey A Kalish, Denis Rybin, Gheorghe Doros, Jeffrey J Siracuse
OBJECTIVE: Reoperative carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can be technically challenging because of significant scarring as a consequence of the initial CEA procedure. There are limited data that describe outcomes after reoperative CEA, and as such, our goal was to determine the effect of reoperative CEA on perioperative outcomes. METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database was queried for patients undergoing index and reoperative CEA between 2005 and 2014...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042051/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-as-a-bridge-to-lung-transplantation-a-single-center-experience-in-the-present-era
#14
Emily M Todd, Sreeja Biswas Roy, A Samad Hashimi, Rosemarie Serrone, Roshan Panchanathan, Paul Kang, Katherine E Varsch, Barry E Steinbock, Jasmine Huang, Ashraf Omar, Vipul Patel, Rajat Walia, Michael A Smith, Ross M Bremner
OBJECTIVE: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation has been used as a bridge to lung transplantation in patients with rapid pulmonary function deterioration. The reported success of this modality and perioperative and functional outcomes are varied. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent lung transplantation at our institution over 1 year (January 1, 2015, to December 31, 2015). Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on whether they required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support as a bridge to transplant; preoperative characteristics, lung transplantation outcomes, and survival were compared between groups...
November 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039485/calcium-dobesilate-may-alleviate-diabetes%C3%A2-induced-endothelial-dysfunction-and-inflammation
#15
Yijun Zhou, Jiangzi Yuan, Chaojun Qi, Xinghua Shao, Shan Mou, Zhaohui Ni
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a leading cause of end‑stage renal disease. However, the pathogenesis of DKD remains unclear, and no effective treatments for the disease are available. Thus, there is an urgent need to elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms of DKD and to develop more effective therapies for this disease. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured using different D‑glucose concentrations to determine the effect of high glucose (HG) on the cells. Alternatively, HUVECs were incubated with 100 µmol/l calcium dobesilate (CaD) to detect its effects...
October 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039465/essential-role-of-microrna-650-in-the-regulation-of-b-cell-cll-lymphoma-11b-gene-expression-following-transplantation-a-novel-mechanism-behind-the-acute-rejection-of-renal-allografts
#16
Peng Jin, Hongxi Chen, Jinliang Xie, Cheng Zhou, Xiangrong Zhu
Kidney transplantation is an effective final therapeutic procedure for patients with end-stage kidney failure. Although advanced immunosuppressive therapy is administered following transplantation, certain patients still suffer from acute allograft rejection. MicroRNAs (miRs) have a potential diagnostic and therapeutic value for acute renal allograft rejection; however, their underlying mechanism of action is largely unknown. In the present study, an increased level of miR-650 was identified to be associated with the downregulation of B-cell CLL/lymphoma 11B (BCL11B) expression in acute renal allograft rejection...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038887/mutations-in-inf2-may-be-associated-with-renal-histology-other-than-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis
#17
Anja K Büscher, Nora Celebi, Peter F Hoyer, Hanns-Georg Klein, Stefanie Weber, Julia Hoefele
BACKGROUND: In 2010, INF2 mutations were associated with autosomal-dominant focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), clinically presenting with moderate proteinuria in adolescence. However, in the meantime, cases with more severe clinical courses have been described, including progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) during childhood. INF2 mutations in patients with isolated FSGS are clustered in exons 2 to 4, encoding the diaphanous inhibitory domain, involved in the regulation of the podocyte actin cytoskeleton...
October 6, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038525/elevated-serum-alkaline-phosphatase-and-cardiovascular-or-all-cause-mortality-risk-in-dialysis-patients-a-meta-analysis
#18
Yu Fan, Xin Jin, Menglin Jiang, Na Fang
Studies on serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and mortality risk in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing dialysis have yielded conflicting results. This meta-analysis was designed to assess the association of serum ALP levels with cardiovascular or all-cause mortality risk among patients on dialysis. PubMed and Embase databases were searched until March 2017 for studies evaluating the association of serum ALP levels and cardiovascular or all-cause mortality risk in adult patients with ESRD undergoing maintenance hemodialysis or chronic peritoneal dialysis...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038394/factors-associated-with-lumbar-and-femoral-bone-mineral-density-in-kidney-transplants-candidates
#19
Mohammad Aghighi, Mitra Mahdavi Mazdeh, Mohsen Nafar, Vahid Rakhshan
INTRODUCTION: Data on risk factors associated with low bone mineral density are limited in patients with end-stage renal disease. This study evaluated the factors deemed associated with lumbar and femoral Z and T scores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and demographic data of 98 patients waiting for kidney transplantation were collected, as well as lumbar and femoral bone densitometries, before transplantation. Osteoporosis and osteopenia and factors associated with bone mineral density were assessed...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037908/new-insights-in-the-pathogenesis-of-immunoglobulin-a-vasculitis-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura
#20
REVIEW
Marieke H Heineke, Aranka V Ballering, Agnès Jamin, Sanae Ben Mkaddem, Renato C Monteiro, Marjolein Van Egmond
Immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV), also referred to as Henoch-Schönlein purpura, is the most common form of childhood vasculitis. The pathogenesis of IgAV is still largely unknown. The disease is characterized by IgA1-immune deposits, complement factors and neutrophil infiltration, which is accompanied with vascular inflammation. Incidence of IgAV is twice as high during fall and winter, suggesting an environmental trigger associated to climate. Symptoms can resolve without intervention, but some patients develop glomerulonephritis with features similar to IgA nephropathy that include hematuria, proteinuria and IgA deposition in the glomerulus...
October 13, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
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