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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823116/outcomes-of-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-in-diabetic-patients-age-and-sex-matched-comparison-with-non-diabetic-patients
#1
Chung Hee Baek, Hyosang Kim, Seung Don Baek, Mun Jang, Wonhak Kim, Won Seok Yang, Duck Jong Han, Su-Kil Park
Background/Aims: Kidney transplantation (KT) reportedly provides a significant survival advantage over dialysis in diabetic patients. However, KT outcome in diabetic patients compared with that in non-diabetic patients remains controversial. In addition, owing to recent improvements in the outcomes of KT and management of cardiovascular diseases, it is necessary to analyze outcomes of recently performed KT in diabetic patients. Methods: We reviewed all diabetic patients who received living donor KT between January 2008 and December 2011...
August 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823029/experience-of-lung-transplantation-in-patients-with-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-at-a-brazilian-reference-centre
#2
Bruno Guedes Baldi, Marcos Naoyuki Samano, Silvia Vidal Campos, Martina Rodrigues de Oliveira, José Eduardo Afonso Junior, Rafael Medeiros Carraro, Ricardo Henrique Oliveira Braga Teixeira, Isabela Pasqualini Minguini, Roni Burlina, Eduardo Zinoni Silva Pato, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho, André Nathan Costa
INTRODUCTION: Lung transplantation (LT) is the standard of care for patients with advanced lung diseases, including lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). LAM accounts for only 1% of all LTs performed in the international registry. As a result, the global experience, including the use of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors before and after LT in LAM, is still limited. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all LAM patients who underwent LT at our centre between 2003 and 2016...
August 19, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822818/phrenic-long-term-facilitation-following-intrapleural-ctb-sap-induced-respiratory-motor-neuron-death
#3
Nicole L Nichols, Taylor A Craig, Miles A Tanner
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease leading to progressive motor neuron degeneration and death by ventilatory failure. In a rat model of ALS (SOD1(G93A)), phrenic long-term facilitation (pLTF) following acute intermittent hypoxia (AIH) is enhanced greater than expected at disease end-stage but the mechanism is unknown. We suggest that one trigger for this enhancement is motor neuron death itself. Intrapleural injections of cholera toxin B fragment conjugated to saporin (CTB-SAP) selectively kill respiratory motor neurons and mimic motor neuron death observed in SOD1(G93A) rats...
August 16, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822538/smooth-muscle-nitric-oxide-responsiveness-and-clinical-maturation-of-hemodialysis-arteriovenous-fistulae
#4
Xiaoyong Tong, Xiuyun Hou, Christopher Wason, Tal Kopel, Richard A Cohen, Laura M Dember
The arteriovenous fistula is the preferred type of hemodialysis vascular access for patients with end-stage renal disease, but a high proportion of newly created fistulas fail to mature for use. Stenosis caused by neointimal hyperplasia often is present in fistulas with maturation failure, suggesting that local mechanisms controlling vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and proliferation are important contributors to maturation failure. SMCs cultured from explants of vein tissue obtained at the time of fistula creation from 19 patients with end-stage renal disease were studied to determine whether smooth muscle responsiveness to nitric oxide is associated with fistula maturation outcomes...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822393/identifying-futile-interfacility-surgical-transfers
#5
Kristy Kummerow Broman, Sharon E Phillips, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Mayur B Patel, Oscar M Guillamondegui, Kenneth W Sharp, Richard A Pierce, Benjamin K Poulose, Michael D Holzman
Surgeons perceive that some surgical transfers are futile, but the incidence and risk factors of futile transfer are not quantified. Identifying futile interfacility transfers could save cost and undue burdens to patients and families. We sought to describe the incidence and factors associated with futile transfers. We conducted a retrospective cohort study from 2009 to 2013 including patients transferred to a tertiary referral center for general or vascular surgical care. Futile transfers were defined as resulting in death or hospice discharge within 72 hours of transfer without operative, endoscopic, or radiologic intervention...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822115/comments-on-lyubarova-r-and-gosmanova-e-o-mineralocorticoid-receptor-blockade-in-end-stage-renal-disease-current-hypertension-reports-2017-19-5
#6
REVIEW
Alain Gay, Peter Kolkhof
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820558/young-patient-with-advanced-heart-failure-no-longer-a-candidate-for-heart-transplantation-after-mitraclip%C3%A3-%C3%A2-procedure
#7
Cosmo Godino, Andrea Scotti, Eustachio Agricola, Carlo A Pivato, Mauro Chiarito, Stefano Stella, Massimo Maccherini, Alberto Margonato, Antonio Colombo
In Europe, mitral regurgitation (MR) is the second most common form of valvular heart disease requiring surgical treatment. The case is presented of a 36-year-old woman with end-stage heart failure secondary to chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity, complicated by severe MR. She was listed for heart transplantation and underwent percutaneous MitraClip® implantation in order to preclude further clinical deterioration while awaiting a suitable donor. The one-year follow-up showed a strong improvement of symptoms and mostly reverse left ventricular remodelling, with consequent removal from the heart transplantation list...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820361/the-clinical-relevance-of-repeat-renal-biopsies-in-the-management-of-lupus-nephritis-a-south-african-experience
#8
E K Tannor, W D Bates, M R Moosa
Purpose Clinically, repeat renal biopsies (RRBs) have been performed in lupus nephritis to identify changes in class, plan treatment and assist in prognostication. We set out to compare the histopathological features and outcomes of disease flare and protocol biopsy patients. Methods A retrospective descriptive study was conducted on repeat biopsies performed between January 1984 and December 2015 in lupus nephritis patients. Disease flares and protocol biopsies were compared. Results Of 614 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) renal biopsies, 127 (20...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820039/sepsis-at-a-safety-net-hospital-risk-factors-associated-with-30-day-readmission
#9
Mark A Weinreich, Kim Styrvoky, Shelley Chang, Carlos E Girod, Rosechelle Ruggiero
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is a leading cause of hospitalization, and subsequent readmissions are frequent and costly. There is an expanding body of literature describing risk factors for readmissions in patients with sepsis. However, there are little data studying medically underserved patients who typically receive their care at a safety net hospital. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated 1355 sepsis survivors at risk of hospital readmission in fiscal year 2013 at a safety net hospital...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819592/insufficiency-fractures-of-the-distal-tibia-and-fibula-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#10
Ryu Kojima, Toshiki Miura, Eisei Fukatani
INTRODUCTION: Although periprosthetic fractures of the femur have been well documented, insufficiency fractures following total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been rarely described. We report a case of an insufficiency fracture in the distal tibia and fibula that occurred after THA. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman presented with severe pain in the bilateral hip joints and was diagnosed with end-stage osteoarthritis. She underwent THA on the right side. Although the postoperative course was uneventful, she suddenly experienced severe pain and swelling in the right leg without any history of trauma 22 weeks after the surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819590/minimally-invasive-total-hip-replacement-in-an-ipsilateral-post-traumatic-above-knee-amputation-a-case-report
#11
Sanjeev Patnaik, Biswaranjan Nayak, Akshaya Kumar Sahoo, Nabin Kumar Sahu
INTRODUCTION: Total hip replacement (THR) is a highly successful operation in alleviating pain and improving the overall function of the hip, in end-stage arthritis of the hip, in otherwise fit patients. However, THR as a surgical option in post-traumatic hip arthritis with ipsilateral above-knee amputation is rarely reported. CASE REPORT: We are presenting a case report of a 30-year-old male, who had previously underwent an above-knee amputation due to road-traffic accident, presenting 24 h after the injury with segmental fracture femur and popliteal artery laceration, for which the limb could not be salvaged...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819334/cytokine-signature-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-on-hemodialysis
#12
Danyelle Romana Alves Rios, Melina Barros Pinheiro, Wander Valadares de Oliveira Junior, Karina Braga Gomes, Andréa Teixeira Carvalho, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho, Ana Cristina Simões E Silva, Luci Maria Sant'Ana Dusse
Hemodialysis is a modality of blood filtration in which accumulated toxins and water are removed from the body. This treatment is indicated for patients at the end stage of renal disease. Vascular access complications are responsible for 20-25% of all hospitalizations in dialyzed patients. The occurrence of thrombosis in the vascular access is a serious problem that may severely compromise or even make the hemodialysis impossible, which is vital for the patient. The aim of this study was to investigate inflammatory profile in patients undergoing hemodialysis as well as the association between these alterations and vascular access thrombosis...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818988/multiregional-tumor-drug-uptake-imaging-by-pet-and-microvascular-morphology-in-end-stage-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-glioma
#13
Sophie E M Veldhuijzen van Zanten, A Charlotte P Sewing, Arthur van Lingen, Otto S Hoekstra, Pieter Wesseling, Michaël H Meel, Dannis G van Vuurden, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Esther Hulleman, Marianna Bugiani
Inadequate tumor uptake of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody bevacizumab could explain lack of effect in diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). Methods: By combining data from a positron emission tomography (PET) imaging study using zirconium-89((89)Zr)-labeled bevacizumab and an autopsy study, a 1-on-1 analysis of multiregional in vivo and ex vivo (89)Zr-bevacizumab uptake, tumor histology and vascular morphology in a DIPG patient was performed. Results: In vivo (89)Zr-bevacizumab measurements showed heterogeneity between lesions...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818581/renal-transplantation-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-comparison-of-graft-survival-with-other-causes-of-end-stage-renal-disease
#14
Gabriel Horta-Baas, Adolfo Camargo-Coronel, Dafhne Guadalupe Miranda-Hernández, Leslie Gabriela Gónzalez-Parra, María Del Socorro Romero-Figueroa, Mario Pérez-Cristóbal
INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) due to lupus nephritis (LN) occurs in 10%-30% of patients. Initially systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was a contraindication for kidney transplantation (KT). Today, long-term graft survival remains controversial. Our objective was to compare the survival after KT in patients with SLE or other causes of ESRD. METHODS: All SLE patients who had undergone KT in a retrospective cohort were included. Renal graft survival was compared with that of 50 controls, matched for age, sex, and year of transplantation...
August 14, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818206/pharmacological-and-activated-fibroblast%C3%A2-targeting-of-g%C3%AE-%C3%AE-grk2-after%C3%A2-myocardial-ischemia-attenuates-heart-failure-progression
#15
Joshua G Travers, Fadia A Kamal, Iñigo Valiente-Alandi, Michelle L Nieman, Michelle A Sargent, John N Lorenz, Jeffery D Molkentin, Burns C Blaxall
BACKGROUND: Cardiac fibroblasts are a critical cell population responsible for myocardial extracellular matrix homeostasis. Upon injury or pathological stimulation, these cells transform to an activated myofibroblast state and play a fundamental role in myocardial fibrosis and remodeling. Chronic sympathetic overstimulation, a hallmark of heart failure (HF), induces pathological signaling through G protein βγ (Gβγ) subunits and their interaction with G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818188/healthcare-outcomes-in-undocumented-immigrants-undergoing-two-emergency-dialysis-approaches%C3%A2
#16
S Jawad Sher, Ranjani N Moorthi, Waqas Aftab, Sharon M Moe, Christopher S Weaver, Frank C Messina, Nancy M Martinez-Hoover, Melissa D Anderson, Michael T Eadon
BACKGROUND: Current estimates suggest 6,500 undocumented end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients in the United States are ineligible for scheduled hemodialysis and require emergent dialysis. In order to remain in compliance with Emergency Medicaid, an academic health center altered its emergency dialysis criteria from those emphasizing interdialytic interval to a set emphasizing numerical thresholds. We report the impact of this administrative change on the biochemical parameters, utilization, and adverse outcomes in an undocumented patient cohort...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817962/patients-with-diabetic-foot-disease-fear-major-lower-extremity-amputation-more-than-death
#17
Dane K Wukich, Katherine M Raspovic, Natalie C Suder
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the most-feared complications of diabetes mellitus (DM), comparing those with diabetic foot pathology with those without diabetic foot pathology. METHODS: We determined the frequency of patients ranking major lower-extremity amputation (LEA) as their greatest fear in comparison to blindness, death, diabetic foot infection (DFI), or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring dialysis. We further categorized the study group patients (N = 207) by their pathology such as diabetic foot ulcer (DFU), Charcot neuroarthropathy, foot infection, or acute neuropathic fractures and dislocations...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816877/fractures-in-spinal-ankylosing-disorders-a-narrative-review-of-disease-and-injury-types-treatment-techniques-and-outcomes
#18
Tarush Rustagi, Doniel Drazin, Cumhur Oner, Jonathan York, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman
INTRODUCTION: Spinal ankylosing disorders encompass ankylosing spondylitis (AS), disseminated hyperostosis of the spine, and end-stage spondylosis. All these result in a stiffened and frequently deformed spinal column. This makes the spinal column highly susceptible to severe injuries that are commonly associated with unfavorable outcomes. Improved understanding of the underlying disease processes and clinical comorbidities may alter the poor injury related morbidity and mortality outcomes...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816346/homocysteine-lowering-interventions-for-preventing-cardiovascular-events
#19
REVIEW
Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Ivan Solà, Dimitrios Lathyris, Mark Dayer
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease, which includes coronary artery disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease, is a leading cause of death worldwide. Homocysteine is an amino acid with biological functions in methionine metabolism. A postulated risk factor for cardiovascular disease is an elevated circulating total homocysteine level. The impact of homocysteine-lowering interventions, given to patients in the form of vitamins B6, B9 or B12 supplements, on cardiovascular events has been investigated...
August 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815029/nodular-regenerative-hyperplasia-rarely-leads-to-liver-transplantation-a-20-year-cohort-study-in-all-dutch-liver-transplant-units
#20
Berrie Meijer, Melek Simsek, Hans Blokzijl, Robert A de Man, Minneke J Coenraad, Gerard Dijkstra, Carin Mj van Nieuwkerk, Chris Jj Mulder, Nanne Kh de Boer
BACKGROUND: Nodular regenerative hyperplasia is an uncommon liver condition associated with several autoimmune disorders and drugs. The clinical symptoms of nodular regenerative hyperplasia vary from asymptomatic to severe complications of portal hypertension (nodular regenerative hyperplasia-syndrome). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the prognosis and optimal management, as well as the role of liver transplantation, in nodular regenerative hyperplasia...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
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