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Deaf athletes

Richard Weiler, Willem van Mechelen, Colin Fuller, Osman Hassan Ahmed, Evert Verhagen
OBJECTIVE: To determine if baseline Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, third Edition (SCAT3) scores differ between athletes with and without disability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional comparison of preseason baseline SCAT3 scores for a range of England international footballers. SETTING: Team doctors and physiotherapists supporting England football teams recorded players' SCAT 3 baseline tests from August 1, 2013 to July 31, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 249 England footballers, of whom 185 were players without disability (male: 119; female: 66) and 64 were players with disability (male learning disability: 17; male cerebral palsy: 28; male blind: 10; female deaf: 9)...
January 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Jennifer Reesman, Jill Pineda, Jenny Carver, Patrick J Brice, T Andrew Zabel, Philip Schatz
OBJECTIVE: The goals of the study included empirical examination of the utility of the Immediate and Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) test with adolescents who are deaf or hard-of-hearing and to investigate patterns of performance at baseline that may arise in the assessment of this population. Baseline assessment of student-athletes has been conducted on a widespread scale with focus on performance of typically developing student-athletes and some clinical groups, though to date no studies have examined adolescents who are deaf or hard-of-hearing...
2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Viviana Caputo, Gianfranco Bocchinfuso, Marco Castori, Alice Traversa, Antonio Pizzuti, Lorenzo Stella, Paola Grammatico, Marco Tartaglia
Myhre syndrome (MYHRS, OMIM 139210) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by developmental and growth delay, athletic muscular built, variable cognitive deficits, skeletal anomalies, stiffness of joints, distinctive facial gestalt and deafness. Recently, SMAD4 (OMIM 600993) was identified by exome sequencing as the disease gene mutated in MYHRS. Previously only three missense mutations affecting Ile500 (p.Ile500Thr, p.Ile500Val, and p.Ile500Met) have been described in 22 unrelated subjects with MYHRS or a clinically related phenotype...
July 2014: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Yukinori Nakajima, Kimitaka Kaga, Hideki Takekoshi, Keisyoku Sakuraba
This study compared vestibular and dynamic visual acuity in 19 adult athletes with deafness participating in Deaflympics to those of 25 young adults with normal hearing. Balance capability was evaluated using a one-leg standing test with eyes open and stabilometry. Caloric tests and vestibular evoked myogenic potential tests were conducted to test vestibular function. Visual function was evaluated using a dynamic visual acuity test. No significant difference was found between results of the one-leg standing test with eyes open and stabilometry with eyes open...
October 2012: Perceptual and Motor Skills
M Atherton, D Russell, G Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1999: Sports Historian
Petra Kurková, Hana Válková, Nanci Scheetz
This study examine 53 European elite deaf athletes for their family's hearing status, use of hearing aids, communication preference, education in integrated or segregated settings, family members' encouragement for participation in sports, coach preference (hearing or deaf), and conditions for competitive events with deaf or hearing athletes. These data were gathered through semi-structured interviews administered in the athlete's native language. Deaf athletes reported that when given the opportunity to compete with hearing athletes, it enhanced their opportunity for competition...
March 2011: Journal of Sports Sciences
Eitan Prisman, James D Ramsden, Susan Blaser, Blake Papsin
A perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is an abnormal communication between the inner and middle ear resulting in vestibular or cochlear symptoms. We review three pediatric traumatic temporal bone fractures with pneumolabyrinth, confirmed radiologically by the presence of air within the cochlea (pneumocochlea) or vestibule (pneumovestibule). Patients were treated conservatively with complete resolution of vestibulopathy. Hearing outcome was variable and worse in two patients with pneumocochlea. A pneumolabyrinth on radiologic imaging confirms a PLF and obviates the need for exploration to reach a diagnosis...
April 2011: Laryngoscope
Yulian Jin, Ushio Munetaka, Akimasa Hayasi, Hideki Takegoshi, Yukinori Nakajima, Kimitaka Kaga
CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that VEMPs in responses to clicks and 500 Hz STB were abnormal in 25% of athletes with congenital profound sensorineural hearing loss for the Deaf Olympic Games. These results confirm that a part of deaf athletes with congenital vestibular failure is well compensated for higher level sport activities. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the appearance rate of VEMP, vestibular failure and its compensation in Japanese deaf athletes by the VEMP test, caloric test and balance test...
August 2010: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Kimitaka Kaga, Yukiko Shinjo, Yulian Jin, Hideki Takegoshi
Congenitally deaf infants and children commonly suffer vestibular failure in both ears, and impairment of postural control, locomotion, and gait. The development of gross motor functions, such as head control, sitting, and walking is likely to be delayed, but fine motor function is usually preserved unless disorders of the central nervous system are present. These children can eventually catch up with their normal peers in terms of development and growth as a result of central vestibular compensation. The visual and somatosensory systems, pyramidal and extrapyramidal motor system (cerebellum, basal ganglia, cerebrum) and intellectual development, compensate for vestibular failure in infants and children with congenitally hypoactive or absent function of the semicircular canals and otolith organs...
September 2008: International Journal of Audiology
Isabel Karpin
This article examines the unusual circumstance of what the author has tentatively termed "negative enhancement". This term is used to describe those instances where individuals seek to use preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) to achieve outcomes that, commonly, are socially not preferred. In a recent survey by the Genetics and Public Policy Centre, it was found that 3% of IVF-PGD clinics in the United States reported having provided PGD to couples who seek to select an embryo for the presence of a particular disease or disability, such as deafness, in order that the child share the characteristic with the parents...
August 2007: Journal of Law and Medicine
Trish Palmer, Kathleen M Weber
Deaf and hard of hearing athletes have few documented related medical problems. Hearing loss has multiple causes. A portion of those with a hearing loss consider themselves part of the Deaf community, a community with a unique language and culture. Athletes may have assistive devices to enhance their ability to perceive auditory cues, whereas in deaf sport competitions, common auditory cues may be made visible. There are athletic organizations whose missions are to provide a sport and social venue specific to the deaf population...
December 2006: Current Sports Medicine Reports
David A Stewart, M Kathleen Ellis
The increasingly sedentary American lifestyle has resulted in a growing number of overweight and out-of-shape school-age children. Deaf children are not exempt from this trend, yet there is little evidence that public school programs for these children are doing anything to counter it. Much can be done to assist deaf students, not only in becoming more active movers but in gaining knowledge of opportunities and benefits associated with Deaf sport. The authors provide an argument for schools that expose deaf children to the role of sports in the Deaf community and for designing programs that will enable these children to become active participants in Deaf sport activities as athletes and organizers, or, later in life, when they no longer have the inclination or ability to compete, as spectators, with all the socialization benefits that form of involvement provides...
2005: American Annals of the Deaf
Renaud Meller, Jean-Claude Rostain, Michel Luciano, André Chays, Michel Bruzzo, Yves Cazals, Jacques Magnan
HYPOTHESIS: Direct pressure applied on the inner ear cannot induce hearing loss. BACKGROUND: Three possible causes have been described in the literature for inner ear permanent lesions during scuba diving: pressure imbalance between the middle ear and the external ear, appearance of microbubbles in the internal ear, and direct effect of pressure on the inner ear. We seek to determine whether this last factor can be involved. METHODS: We submitted two groups of guinea pigs previously implanted with an electrode in the round window to a protocol of air diving in a hyperbaric chamber...
September 2003: Otology & Neurotology
Nina Kela, Pasi Kela
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2003: Pflege Zeitschrift
Rio Dickens, Brian B Adams, Diya F Mutasim
Knuckle pads, first described by Garrod in 1893, 1 are benign, asymptomatic, well- circumscribed, smooth, firm, skin colored papules, nodules, or plaques. They most commonly occur on the dorsal aspect of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the finger, 2 but also may occur on the dorsal aspects of the foot over joints. 3-5 Knuckle pads may be inherited or acquired. 1 While some authors suggest that trauma is not a significant factor, 6 acquired knuckle pads have been associated with repetitive friction and trauma, 2,7 and may resemble athlete's nodules (also referred to as collagenomas)...
May 2002: International Journal of Dermatology
J L Poncet, M Kossowski, P Verdaille
The frequency of accidental, traumatic hearing loss is increasing due to a sometimes violently noisy environment and to the development of sports as leisure activities. The diagnosis is based on knowledge of the circumstances of the trauma and on otoscopic examination. Total audiometry localises the damage. Occupational hearing loss forms a special subset of traumatic deafness. This trauma is usually due to intense noise occurring at the work-place. It is of insidious onset, irreversibly progressive and without treatment once under way; Prevention is based on knowledge of the deleterious effects of noise and on the individual factors of the subject at risk...
January 15, 2000: La Revue du Praticien
P Murthy, C Bandasson, R S Dhillon
Cricket is a national sport in some countries and can be potentially hazardous. We report an incident of a cricket ball impact to the chin, which resulted in posterior dislocation of both temporomandibular joints and bilateral mixed deafness. There appear to be no similar case reports in the literature.
May 1994: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
N Stewart
Sports for a variety of physical disabilities are discussed with regard to the classification of athletes, the sporting activities available, and the physical and psychosocial advantages to disabled groups to be gained from participation in sports. The benefits to the able-bodied community are also mentioned.
December 1981: Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences. Journal Canadien des Sciences Appliquées Au Sport
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