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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692373/impact-of-smoking-on-anal-abscess-and-anal-fistula-diseases
#1
Li-Hua Zheng, Ao-Zhe Zhang, Yu-Ying Shi, Xin Li, Lan-Si Jia, Cong-Cong Zhi, Qiu-Xiang Yu, Wen Zhang, Yan-Jun Liu, Luan Wang, Dan Xiao, Chen Wang
Background: Several studies have investigated the association between smoking and anal abscess and anal fistula (AA/F) diseases. However, the relationship between cigarette smoking and AA/F remains unclear. This study sought to assess the role of smoking in anorectal male patients in a Chinese population. Methods: In this retrospective study, a questionnaire, including smoking history, was completed over a 3-month period by male inpatients in the Proctology Department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital...
May 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688401/anal-fistulas-in-severe-perineal-crohn-s-disease-mri-assessment-in-the-determination-of-long-term-healing-rates
#2
Charlène Brochard, Amandine Landemaine, Alexandre Merlini L'Heritier, Marie Provost Dewitte, Belinda Tchoundjeu, Tanguy Rohou, Aurélien Garros, Guillaume Bouguen, Laurent Siproudhis
Background & Aims: The European Crohn's and Colitis Organization recommends magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of anal fistulas to decide on the drug/surgery strategy. No evidence is available on the long-term impact of MRI features on fistula healing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of combined drug/surgery strategies for the treatment of perianal Crohn's fistulas based on MRI factors at referral. Methods: The clinical event (anal abscess, new fistula tract, cellulitis), therapeutic intervention (introduction/optimization of immunosuppressant/biologics, anal surgery, intestinal resection, stoma), and MRI data were prospectively recorded for patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and anal fistulas...
April 20, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618340/3d-high-resolution-anorectal-manometry-in-patients-with-perianal-fistulas-comparison-with-3d-anal-ultrasound
#3
Richelle J F Felt-Bersma, Maarten S Vlietstra, Paul F Vollebregt, Ingrid J M Han-Geurts, Vera Rempe-Sorm, Grietje J H Vander Mijnsbrugge, Charlotte B H Molenaar
BACKGROUND: Perianal fistula surgery can damage the anal sphincters which may cause faecal incontinence. By measuring regional pressures, 3D-HRAM potentially provides better guidance for surgical strategy in patients with perianal fistulas. The aim was to measure regional anal pressures with 3D-HRAM and to compare these with 3D-EUS findings in patients with perianal fistulas. METHODS: Consecutive patients with active perianal fistulas who underwent both 3D-EUS and 3D-HRAM at a clinic specialised in proctology were included...
April 4, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608959/clinical-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-221-consecutive-anorectal-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
J Lourtet Hascoet, M Dahoun, M Cohen, E Pommaret, B Pilmis, N Lemarchand, A Mizrahi, M Aubert, V de Parades, A Le Monnier
OBJECTIVES: Proctitis caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are known as sexually transmitted infections (STI). This study describes their clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. METHODS: Between 01/2013-03/2015, all MSM consulting for proctitis at proctology Institute-Saint-Joseph's Hospital, Paris, were included. Demographic, past-medical history, STI status and medical treatment were collected. Detection of CT/NG was performed by Transcription-Mediated Amplification (TMA) and antimicrobial susceptibilities for Ng by agar diffusion method...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596040/comparative-study-of-drainage-and-antibiotics-versus-drainage-only-in-the-management-of-primary-subcutaneous-abscesses
#5
Julio López, Gilberto Gómez, Karime Rodriguez, Julio Dávila, José Núñez, Luis Anaya
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft tissue infections are common problems dealt with in emergency departments and medical offices. It is routine practice to prescribe antibiotic agents after incision and drainage of cutaneous abscesses. However, current evidence does not support prescribing oral antibiotic agents after surgical debridement. The aim of the present study was to determine the actual role of antibiotic agents after drainage of cutaneous abscesses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients undergoing incision and drainage (I&D) of a subcutaneous abscess...
April 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593864/laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection-for-the-treatment-of-a-mucinous-adenocarcinoma-associated-with-an-anal-fistula
#6
Dimosthenis Chrysikos, Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos, Tania Triantafyllou, Vasileios Karampelias, Apostolos Mitrousias, George Theodoropoulos
Mucinous adenocarcinoma associated with an anal fistula is a rare oncologic entity which may pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges for Surgeons and Medical Oncologists. Few reported cases without definite therapeutic guidelines exist. It represents 2-3% of all gastrointestinal malignancies and arises from chronic anal fistulas, ischiorectal or perianal abscesses. We report a case of perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma in a 65-year-old male initially surgically treated multiple times for a recurrent fistula in ano of 5 years duration...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575180/sonographic-assessment-of-the-anal-sphincter-after-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-oasi-using-transperineal-ultrasound-tpus
#7
EDITORIAL
Vered H Eisenberg, Dan V Valsky, Simcha Yagel
Obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is the most common cause of anal incontinence and ano-rectal symptoms in women1 . Reported rates of anal incontinence following primary repair of OASI range between 15-61%, with a mean of 39%2, 3 . Other possible complications of OASI include perineal pain, dyspareunia, and less commonly, abscess formation, wound breakdown, and rectovaginal fistulae. Symptom onset may occur immediately, several years postpartum, or only late in life when aging of tissues adds to the delivery insult...
March 24, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521831/stapled-hemorrhoidopexy-results-at-10-year-follow-up
#8
Gabriele Bellio, Arianna Pasquali, Michele Schiano di Visconte
BACKGROUND: Despite the advantages of stapled hemorrhoidopexy reported in the literature in terms of postoperative pain, hospital stay, and duration of convalescence, it was described to have a higher recurrence rate compared with conventional hemorrhoidectomy. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction after stapled hemorrhoidopexy at 10-year follow-up. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort analysis conducted on prospectively collected data...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499172/management-of-common-benign-anorectal-disease-what-all-physicians-need-to-know
#9
REVIEW
David Parés, Herand Abcarian
Benign anorectal conditions produce anal pain, rectal bleeding, or discharge from the perianal region, which are highly prevalent symptoms in the general population. Hemorrhoidal disease, anal fissure, perianal abscess, proctalgia syndromes, and pruritus anii are the most common clinical disorders. Well-trained physicians, irrespective of their specialty, can treat most of these disorders and refer them to a specialist in proctology only when necessary. The aim of this review is to provide a practical guide to the management of benign anorectal disorders in terms of their initial management and the criteria for specialist referral...
February 27, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453515/micro-fragmented-adipose-tissue-injection-for-the-treatment-of-complex-anal-fistula-a-pilot-study-accessing-safety-and-feasibility
#10
G Naldini, A Sturiale, B Fabiani, I Giani, C Menconi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of autologous, micro-fragmented and minimally manipulated adipose tissue injection associated closure of the internal opening in promoting healing of complex anal fistula. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted on patients referred to our center with anal fistula, from April 2015-December 2016. Inclusion criteria were age over 16 years old and a diagnosis of complex anal fistula according to the American Gastroenterological Association classification The patients were divided into 2 groups; the "first time group" (Group I) in which micro-fragmented adipose tissue injection with closure of the internal opening was the first sphincter-saving procedure, and the "recurrent group" (Group II) consisting of patients who had failed prior sphincter-saving procedures...
February 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442064/pilonidal-disease-mimicking-anterior-anal-fistula-and-associated-with-posterior-anal-fistula-a-two-step-surgery-case-report
#11
Chiara Eberspacher, D Mascagni, L Fralleone, G Grimaldi, P Antypas, P Mascagni, A Maturo, F M Di Matteo, S Pontone, D Pironi
AIM: Anal fistula is a common disease originated from abscess according the cryptoglandular theory. A rare etiology is the pilonidal disease. In our case we observed a pilonidal disease mimicking an anterior perianal fistula, associated with another posterior anal fistula. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year old man was referred to our department with an anal fistula with an anterior opening. Despite the clinical examination and the endoanal ultrasound, only during the surgery we discovered the origin of the anterior fistula from a misdiagnosed pilonidal sinus...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394765/-a-case-of-more-than-five-year-survival-of-carcinoma-associated-with-anal-fistula-effectively-treated-by-combined-modality-therapy
#12
Mizunori Yaegashi, Koki Otsuka, Toshimoto Kimura, Teppei Matsuo, Kei Sato, Kiyoharu Takashimizu, Tomoki Hatanaka, Toru Yoshida, Chihiro Tono, Yukihiro Minagawa, Masanori Takahashi, Hideki Ishioka, Ryo Sugimoto, Tamotsu Sugai, Akira Sasaki
The patient was a 56-year-old man who presented with perianal pain and a perianal abscess. After admission, he underwent debridement and colostomy due to poor control of the perianal abscess. Following a biopsy of the resected specimens, he was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma in the anorectal fistula. CT and MRI revealed that the tumor had invaded into the internal obturator muscle. Therefore, preoperative chemoradiotherapy and chemotherapy were given for locally advanced cancer. Subsequent to tumor shrinkage, we performed an abdominoperineal resection...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394715/-results-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-for-rectal-cancer-with-invasion-to-the-adjacent-organs
#13
Harunobu Sato, Yoshikazu Koide, Miho Shiota, Masahiro Mizuno, Zenichi Morise, Ichiro Uyama
We reviewed the clinical records of 14 cases who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy(CRT)to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of the CRT for T4b rectal cancer. The preoperative radiotherapy consisted of 40-50 Gy delivered in fractions of 1.8-2.0 Gy per day, 5 days per week. A treatment with intravenous 5-fluorouracil, or oral tegafur-uracil(UFT)with l-leucovorin, or oral S-1, or capecitabine or intravenous irinotecan with oral S-1, was administered during radiotherapy. One patient died due to pelvic abscess at 69 days after CRT...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394675/-a-case-of-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-with-abscess-and-rectovesical-fistula-curatively-resected-following-preoperative-chemotherapy
#14
Tatsuya Matsumoto, Masayoshi Nakanishi, Mahito Miyamae, Koji Takao, Tomohiko Fukunaga, Eigo Otsuji
A 63-year-old man with bloody stools, anal incompetence, and feeling of fatigue was diagnosed as having a RAS mutanttype rectal cancer with abscess and rectovesical fistula. Computed tomography revealed that the tumor had invaded the seminal vesicle, prostate, and bladder and formed an abscess. In addition, his general condition was poor. Thus, we evaluated the lesion as unresectable. His nutritional status improved, and the infection was controlled after colostomy. Then, we performed chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and oxaliplatin(FOLFOX)plus bevacizumab...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380371/novel-application-of-internal-obturator-and-semitendinosus-muscle-flaps-for-rectal-wall-repair-or-reinforcement
#15
J Riggs, J F Ladlow, L J Owen, J L Hall
Internal obturator and/or semitendinosus muscle flaps were used to reinforce primary appositional rectal wall repair in three dogs and one cat in this case series. All three dogs incurred rectal wall compromise during surgical excision of anal sac tumours. The cat sustained bite wounds to the perianal region resulting in abscessation and a rectal tear. Our results indicate that application of an internal obturator and/or semitendinosus muscle flap can reduce the risk of rectal wall dehiscence after primary repair, and consequently the risk of pararectal abscess or rectocutaneous fistula formation...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362329/-a-case-of-sigmoid-colon-cancer-it-was-found-from-penetration-of-sigmoid-diverticulum
#16
Shigeaki Kurihara, Naoki Aomatsu, Yasutake Uchima, Chihoko Nobori, Yoshihito Yamakoshi, En Wang, Daisuke Nagashima, Toshiki Hirakawa, Takehiko Iwauchi, Junya Morimoto, Seika Tei, Kazunori Nakazawa, Kazuhiro Takeuchi
A 52-year-old woman presented with sudden left lower abdominal pain, fever, and vomiting. As the symptom got improved immediately she went home then. She consulted our hospital with chief complaint of the left lower abdominal mass. Abdominal computed tomography revealed sigmoid colon cancer with abscess. She was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer via colonoscopy. Sigmoidectomy including partial resection of the abdominal wall was performed(D3 lymphadenectomy). Surgical specimen showed penetration of diverticulum on mucous membrane of the lesion which had been thought of a abdominal wall permeation and a tumor of I sp type at anal side...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356768/real-life-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-experience-in-more-than-500-patients-high-co-immunosuppression-rates-but-low-rates-of-quantifying-treatment-response
#17
Victoria M Merrick, Kajal Mortier, Linda J Williams, Rafeeq Muhammed, Marcus K H Auth, Mamoun Elawad, John M E Fell, R Mark Beattie, Sabarinathan Loganathan, Franco Torrente, Mary-Anne Morris, Charles Charlton, Nick M Croft, Astor Rodrigues, Mark Furman, Babu Vadamalayan, Huw Jenkins, Veena Zamvar, Sally G Mitton, Sonny Chong, Mike Cosgrove, Anthony Akobeng, David C Wilson, Richard K Russell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the effectiveness, safety, and use of anti-tumor necrosis Factor (TNF) therapy in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: Prospective UK audit of patients newly starting anti-TNF therapy. Disease severity was assessed using Physician Global Assessment +/or the Paediatric Crohn Disease Activity Index. RESULTS: A total of 37 centers participated (23/25 specialist pediatric inflammatory bowel disease sites)...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315090/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-anastomotic-failure-in-1594-patients-treated-by-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-results-from-the-international-tatme-registry
#18
Marta Penna, Roel Hompes, Steve Arnold, Greg Wynn, Ralph Austin, Janindra Warusavitarne, Brendan Moran, George B Hanna, Neil J Mortensen, Paris P Tekkis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of anastomotic-related morbidity following Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision (TaTME) and identify independent risk factors for failure. BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak and its sequelae are dreaded complications following gastrointestinal surgery. TaTME is a recent technique for rectal resection, which includes novel anastomotic techniques. METHODS: Prospective study of consecutive reconstructed TaTME cases recorded over 30 months in 107 surgical centers across 29 countries...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302751/primary-fecal-diversion-and-bowel-dysfunction-in-restorative-proctocolectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#19
Anders Mark-Christensen, Søren Brandsborg, Søren Laurberg
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of primary fecal diversion on the risk of pouch dysfunction. METHODS: Patients operated with an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in Denmark in 2000-2010 were identified and validated bowel function questionnaires retrieved from a cross-sectional study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the effect of primary fecal diversion on pouch dysfunction. A diagnostic or procedural code for intraabdominal abscesses and fistulas, occurring within 1 year after pouch creation, and anastomotic leakage or extremely early-onset pouchitis within 30 days of surgery defined a pelvic complication...
February 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285682/efficacy-of-autologous-fat-graft-injection-in-the-treatment-of-anovaginal-fistulas
#20
S Norderval, L Lundby, H Hougaard, S Buntzen, S Weum, L de Weerd
BACKGROUND: Injection of autologous fat is an established method within plastic surgery for soft tissue augmentation. The aim of the present study was to determine whether transperineal fat graft injection could promote healing of anovaginal fistulas. METHODS: The procedures were performed at the University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Norway, and at Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark, between May 2009 and September 2016. After abdominal liposuction, fat was injected around the fistula tract that was finally transected percutaneously with a sharp cannula and fat injected between the cut parts...
January 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
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