keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

India tuberculosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333042/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-profiling-in-methanolic-and-ethyl-acetate-root-and-stem-extract-of-corbichonia-decumbens-forssk-exell-from-thar-desert-of-rajasthan-india
#1
Sunita Arora, Manju Saini
Background: Corbichonia decumbens (Forssk.) Exell (Molluginaceae), recently has moved to Lophiocarpaceae as per angiospermic plant group (APG) III system, is an annual or short-lived, dwarf, glabrous subshrub, prefers to grow on rocky places and on sand-stones in dry, hot areas of Rajasthan. This is the potential plant with medicinal properties. Vegetative organs under study show antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, antimicrobial, and antinociception activity. Objective: This study was carried out to identify the phytoconstituents present in the methanolic and ethyl-acetate extract of root and stem of C...
December 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332658/an-extremely-rare-association-of-sweet-s-syndrome-with-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#2
Sandhya Chauhan
Sweet's syndrome is a skin manifestation of various systemic infections, drugs, malignancies and autoimmune disorders. There are very few case reports describing the relationship between Sweet's syndrome and non-tubercular mycobacterium infection. Further development of Sweet's syndrome secondary to mycobacterium tuberculosis (active pulmonary tuberculosis) is extremely uncommon and this is the second well established case reported from India. Here we report a forty eight year old man who presented with multiple erythematous and tender plaques over neck, palms and sides of soles...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332655/research-on-tuberculosis-in-tribal-areas-in-india-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
V G Rao, M Muniyandi, J Bhat, R Yadav, R Sharma
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health problem in resource-poor countries including India. Scientific knowledge is used to guide policy and practice. There is however, a limited, systematically collected data required for guiding the scale-up of interventions particularly amongst vulnerable populations including tribal groups in the country. In view of this, a systematic review of the TB research studies carried out in tribal areas of different parts of the country was undertaken...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332653/efficacy-of-alternate-day-directly-observed-treatment-short-course-dots-in-skeletal-tuberculosis-a-retrospective-study
#4
Rajat Chopra, Rama Bhatt, S K Biswas, R Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of alternate day (thrice a week) Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) regimen spanning six to nine months in providing sustained cure for skeletal tuberculosis (TB) under programmatic conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: An urban district tuberculosis centre in India under the Revised National Tuberculosis Programme. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 218 patients treated with alternate day DOTS regimen for skeletal TB between 2007 and 2012...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332649/isoniazid-and-rifampicin-heteroresistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-isolated-from-tuberculous-meningitis-patients-in-india
#5
Renu Gupta, Rajeev Thakur, Suman Kushwaha, Nupur Jalan, Pumanshi Rawat, Piyush Gupta, Amitesh Aggarwal, Meena Gupta, Vikas Manchanda
BACKGROUND: Heteroresistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (mixture of susceptible and resistant subpopulations) is thought to be a preliminary stage to full resistance and timely detection, initiation of correct treatment is vital for successful anti tubercular therapy. The aim of this study was to detect multi drug resistant (MDR) and heteroresistant M. tuberculosis with the associated gene mutations from patients of tuberculous meningitis. METHODS: A total of 197 M...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332648/prevalence-of-chronic-respiratory-diseases-from-a-rural-area-in-kerala-southern-india
#6
Krishnaveni Viswanathan, P S Rakesh, Shibu Balakrishnan, A Shanavas, Varun Dharman
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity in developing countries. A community based survey was undertaken with an objective to estimate the prevalence of chronic respiratory diseases and to describe the profile of people with CRDs in the rural area Nilamel health block in Kollam district, Kerala, southern India. METHODS: A household information sheet and a translated respiratory symptom questionnaire based on International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) bronchial symptoms questionnaire was administered to 12,556 people above 15 years, selected randomly from Nilamel health block...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332643/role-of-laparoscopy-in-diagnosing-genital-tuberculosis-in-suspected-women-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-northern-india
#7
Y M Mala, Ruchi Prasad, Nilanchali Singh, C P Baweja, Reva Tripathi, Niharika Yedla
This study was included 60 women with suspected genital tuberculosis, attending outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. The aim was to evaluate the role and accuracy of laparoscopy in the diagnosis of genital tuberculosis. The patients were investigated for tuberculosis with Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate, Montoux, chest X-ray, serum ELISA, CA125, ultrasonography, endometrial biopsy and laparoscopic biopsy. Culture or histopathology was taken as a gold standard for confirming the cases of genital tuberculosis...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332641/epidemiological-paradigm-tuberculosis-in-hiv-diabetes-and-smoking-in-north-east-india-an-impact-greater-than-sum-of-its-parts
#8
EDITORIAL
Lalit Kant, V K Arora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326327/national-roll-out-of-latent-tuberculosis-testing-and-treatment-for-new-migrants-in-england-a-retrospective-evaluation-in-a-high-incidence-area
#9
Miranda G Loutet, Matthew Burman, Nivenka Jayasekera, Duncan Trathen, Susan Dart, Heinke Kunst, Dominik Zenner
Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) screening is an important intervention for tuberculosis (TB) elimination in low-incidence countries and is, therefore, a key component of England's TB control strategy. This study describes outcomes from a LTBI screening programme in a high-incidence area to inform national LTBI screening in England and other low-incidence countries.We conducted a retrospective cohort study of LTBI screening among eligible migrants (from high-incidence countries and entered the UK within the last 5 years), who were identified at primary-care clinics in Newham, London between August 2014 and August 2015...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322623/clinical-practice-guidelines-in-india-quality-appraisal-and-the-use-of-evidence-in-their-development
#10
Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Soushieta Jagadesh, May Ellatar, Neeraj Kohli, Muhammad Riedha, Monday Moi
BACKGROUND: Guideline development in India has come under increased scrutiny with a growing interest in the use of evidence for guideline development. METHODS: Guidelines on the four leading causes of disability adjusted life years in India (ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, tuberculosis), published on or after 2010 was searched in electronic databases and by other methods and their quality appraised by using the AGREE-II appraisal tool...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319026/sequelae-of-pulmonary-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-at-the-completion-of-treatment
#11
Rupak Singla, Manashree Mallick, Parul Mrigpuri, Neeta Singla, Amitesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Treatment of multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) mainly focuses on bacteriological cure. However, only limited studies have evaluated the sequelae left after the completion of treatment among MDR-TB patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the persistent symptoms, radiological sequelae, pulmonary function impairment and quality of life at the completion of treatment among MDR-TB patients. METHODS: Forty six MDR-TB patients were enrolled, who completed two years of treatment under programmatic management of Drug Resistant tuberculosis at a tertiary referral institute in Delhi, India...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319014/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy-the-first-indian-report
#12
Arvind Kumar, Belal Bin Asaf, Harsh Vardhan Puri, Manish Kumar Sharma, Vijay C Lingaraju, Vimesh S Rajput
INTRODUCTION: The fear of pleural adhesions and densely stuck lymph nodes in India, a country where tuberculosis is endemic, is one major factor keeping our surgeons away from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. In this paper, we aim to report our experience with performing VATS lobectomy in 102 cases using a standardised three-port anterior approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2012 and September 2016, we performed 102 VATS lobectomies...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306028/unique-mtb-protein-found-in-urine-of-tb-patients-discovery-of-a-unique-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-protein-through-proteomic-analysis-of-urine-from-patients-with-active-tuberculosis
#13
Nira Pollock, Rakesh Dhiman, Nada Daifalla, Maha Farhat, Antonio Campos-Neto
Identification of pathogen-specific biomarkers present in patients' serum or urine samples can be a useful diagnostic approach. In efforts to discover Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) biomarkers we identified by mass spectroscopy a unique 21-mer Mtb peptide sequence (VVLGLTVPGGVELLPGVALPR) present in the urines of TB patients from Zimbabwe. This peptide has 100% sequence homology with the protein TBCG_03312 from the C strain of Mtb (a clinical isolate identified in New York, NY, USA) and 95% sequence homology with Mtb oxidoreductase (MRGA423_21210) from the clinical isolate MTB423 (identified in Kerala, India)...
January 3, 2018: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302539/prevalence-of-bronchial-asthma-and-factors-associated-with-it-among-higher-secondary-school-children-in-ernakulam-district-kerala-southern-india
#14
Jishnu Sathees Lalu, P S Rakesh, K Leelamoni
Context: Bronchial asthma is one of the leading causes of hospitalization and cause of frequent absenteeism among children and adolescents. Studies reporting the prevalence of bronchial asthma among adolescents from India are limited and the available studies report wide geographic variations in the prevalence of bronchial asthma. Aims: The current study was aimed to estimate the prevalence of bronchial asthma among higher secondary school children and to identify various factors associated with it in Ernakulam district, Kerala, Southern India...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302148/association-of-risk-factors-and-drug-resistance-pattern-in-tuberculosis-patients-in-north-india
#15
Pallavi Sinha, G N Srivastava, Anamika Gupta, Shampa Anupurba
Context: India is one of the high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries in the world. Improper implementation in the guidelines for the management of TB and high rate of defaults on the part of the patients are most important risk factors for the development of multi-drug resistant TB. Aims: This study examines the drug resistance profile and the effect of demographic, clinical and behavioral risk factors on the prevalence of TB and multidrug resistance (MDR) in north India...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297449/prevalence-of-dysglycemia-and-clinical-presentation-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-western-india
#16
V Mave, S Meshram, R Lokhande, D Kadam, S Dharmshale, R Bharadwaj, A Kagal, N Pradhan, S Deshmukh, S Atre, T Sahasrabudhe, M Barthwal, S Meshram, A Kakrani, V Kulkarni, S Raskar, N Suryavanshi, R Shivakoti, S Chon, E Selvin, A Gupte, A Gupta, N Gupte, J E Golub
SETTING: Pune, India. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors of pre-diabetes mellitus (DM) and DM, and its associations with the clinical presentation of tuberculosis (TB). DESIGN: Screening for DM was conducted among adults (age  18 years) with confirmed TB between December 2013 and January 2017. We used multinomial regression to evaluate the risk factors for pre-DM (glycated hemoglobin [HbA1c]  5.7-6.5% or fasting glucose 100-125 mg/dl) and DM (HbA1c  6...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249482/multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-india-looking-back-thinking-ahead
#17
Anthony T Fojo, David W Dowdy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249480/emergence-of-drug-resistance-in-patients-with-tuberculosis-cared-for-by-the-indian-health-care-system-a-dynamic-modelling-study
#18
Stephanie Law, Amy S Piatek, Cheri Vincent, Olivia Oxlade, Dick Menzies
BACKGROUND: India has the highest number of patients with tuberculosis and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in the world. We used a transmission model to project the emergence of drug resistance in India due to incorrect tuberculosis management practices in multiple sectors, including public and private providers, chemists, and non-allopathic practitioners. METHODS: We constructed a dynamic Markov model to represent India's tuberculosis epidemic, including a probabilistic framework reflecting complex treatment-seeking pathways...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247506/suboptimal-anti-tuberculosis-drug-concentrations-and-outcomes-in-small-and-hiv-coinfected-children-in-india-recommendations-for-dose-modifications
#19
Benjamin Guiastrennec, Geetha Ramachandran, Mats O Karlsson, A K Hemanth Kumar, Perumal Kannabiran Bhavani, N Poorana Gangadevi, Soumya Swaminathan, Amita Gupta, Kelly E Dooley, Radojka M Savic
This work aimed to evaluate the once-daily anti-tuberculosis treatment as recommended by the new Indian pediatric guidelines. Isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide concentration-time profiles and treatment outcome were obtained from 161 Indian children with drug-sensitive tuberculosis undergoing thrice-weekly dosing as per previous Indian pediatric guidelines. The exposure-response relationships were established using a population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic approach. Rifampin exposure was identified as the unique predictor of treatment outcome...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241916/etiology-and-management-of-primary-amenorrhoea-a-study-of-102-cases-at-tertiary-centre
#20
Alka Kriplani, Manu Goyal, Garima Kachhawa, Reeta Mahey, Vidushi Kulshrestha
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of etiologic causes of primary amenorrhea in Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed using 102 complete medical records of women with primary amenorrhea who attended the Gynaecologic Endocrinology Clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AIIMS, New Delhi from September 2012 to September 2015. Cases were analysed according to clinical profile, development of secondary sexual characteristics, physical examination, pelvic and rectal examination, X-ray of chest and lumbo-sacral spine, hormone profile, pelvic USG, MRI, and cytogenetic study including karyotype...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
keyword
keyword
29925
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"