keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

India tuberculosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534271/optic-disc-granuloma-with-epididymitis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#1
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Sowkath Ali, Jyotirmay Biswas
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis and tuberculosis (TB) share epidemiological, immunological, and molecular features common to both, and often, it becomes difficult to differentiate them especially in a highly TB-endemic country like India. We report a case of optic disc granuloma along with epididymitis and infertility in a male who showed a response to treatment with anti-tuberculosis therapy and steroids. RESULTS: A 35-year-old Indian male who presented with complaints of blurring vision in the right eye for 6 months and treated elsewhere with two intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF was found to have optic disc granuloma in the right eye...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527169/isolated-renal-mucormycosis
#2
R Sriranga, Satyajeet Pawar, Wasim Khot, Neeraj Nischal, Manish Soneja, H A Venkatesh, Ragesh R Nair, Raj Kanna, Mehar C Sharma, S K Sharma
Mucormycosis in humans has been described as early as 1885 in literature. Isolated renal mucormycosis is rare as it has been mainly described in developing countries like India and China. It is rarer still to find this entity in immunocompetent young males without any risk factors. Specific guidelines on the treatment is not yet known but combined surgical and medical therapy is considered the best modality for its management. We describe a young male who presented with bilateral hydroureteronephrosis. He was initially treated as a case renal tuberculosis which is relatively more common in TB endemic country like ours...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521786/role-of-routine-abdominal-ultrasonography-in-intensified-tuberculosis-case-finding-algorithms-at-hiv-clinics-in-high-tb-burden-settings
#3
Sonam Spalgais, Upasna Agarwal, Rohit Sarin, Devesh Chauhan, Anita Yadav, Anand Jaiswal
BACKGROUND: High proportion of TB in people living with HIV (PLHIV) is undiagnosed. Due to this active TB case finding is recommended for HIV clinics in high TB burden countries. Presently sputum examination and chest radiography are frontline tests recommended for HIV infected TB presumptives. Abdominal TB which occurs frequently in PLHIV may be missed even by existing programmatic intensified case finding protocols. This study evaluated the routine use of ultrasonography (USG) for active case finding of abdominal TB in HIV clinics...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516937/ebola-outbreak-in-the-congo-tuberculosis-drug-resistance-in-russia-and-gm-mustard-seeds-in-india
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516071/levamisole-as-an-adjuvant-to-short-course-therapy-in-newly-diagnosed-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients
#5
Chetna Ashok Shamkuwar, Sushant Hiraman Meshram, Sunil M Mahakalkar
BACKGROUND: The estimated incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis in India are 2.1 and 2.6 million cases respectively. Immunotherapy may shorten tuberculosis treatments and improve the immunity of individuals as well. Hence we study the efficacy of levamisole (LVM) (immunomodulator) as an adjuvant to chemotherapy of pulmonary tuberculosis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted for 21 months in newly diagnosed sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511468/tuberculosis-of-acromioclavicular-joint
#6
Archit Agarwal, Amish Bhandari, Rajesh Maheshwari
Tuberculosis (TB) arthritis accounts for approximately 1%-3% of all cases of TB and for approximately 10%-11% of extra pulmonary cases. Isolated acromioclavicular joint TB has been reported rarely with varied presentations as case series of one to three cases none of them being large studies. In our case, patient presented with pain in left shoulder since one month. Patient was investigated and was diagnosed to have acromioclavicular joint TB on basis of positive Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) stain and cytology. Patient recovered well with antitubercular therapy...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511415/impact-of-a-structured-tuberculosis-awareness-strategy-on-the-knowledge-and-behaviour-of-the-families-in-a-slum-area-in-chhattisgarh-india
#7
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
INTRODUCTION: Of different methods of disease prevention, health education and awareness programmes can empower people regarding several aspects of disease management and thereby enabling them in accessing the right treatment, in right time, at right place. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a structured Tuberculosis (TB) awareness strategy on the knowledge and behaviour of slum dwellers of Durg, Chhattisgarh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A TB awareness intervention was implemented in terms of informing the houses of marginalized and vulnerable communities about TB, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) services and the impact of the same was assessed through a survey questionnaire before and after the implementation of the intervention...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501491/diagnostic-usefulness-of-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-for-detection-of-tuberculous-meningitis-using-cerebrospinal-fluid
#8
Syed Beenish Rufai, Amit Singh, Jitendra Singh, Parveen Kumar, Manimuthu Mani Sankar, Sarman Singh
OBJECTIVE: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) due to association of diseases with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Diagnosis continues to be a clinical challenge as microbiological confirmation is rare and time consuming resulting in delayed treatment. Xpert MTB/RIF assay is a rapid and simple test, which has been endorsed by World Health Organization as an initial diagnostic test for the diagnosis of TBM. However, evidence still lacks for its performance on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for the diagnosis of TBM especially from India...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500120/the-clinical-conundrum-of-diagnosing-and-treating-systemic-sarcoidosis-in-a-high-tb-burden-area
#9
Krishnadas Thulasidoss, Lavanya Asokan, Piyush Chandra, Pravinkumar Rejliwal
A 53-year-old woman from Southern India presented with weight loss, anorexia, fever and asthenia. Whole body positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET-CT) showed fluorodeoxyglucose-avid mediastinal and abdominal lymphadenopathy with hepatic, splenic, parotid and lacrimal glandular inflammations. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration of subcarinal lymph node showed non-caseating granulomas. Initial serum ACE level was elevated but with normal calcium. Despite the suspicion of sarcoidosis, a trial of antituberculosis therapy was started empirically due to similar presentations of disseminated tuberculosis (TB) in this high endemic area...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499828/estimating-the-future-burden-of-multidrug-resistant-and-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-india-the-philippines-russia-and-south-africa-a-mathematical-modelling-study
#10
Aditya Sharma, Andrew Hill, Ekaterina Kurbatova, Martie van der Walt, Charlotte Kvasnovsky, Thelma E Tupasi, Janice C Caoili, Maria Tarcela Gler, Grigory V Volchenkov, Boris Y Kazennyy, Olga V Demikhova, Jaime Bayona, Carmen Contreras, Martin Yagui, Vaira Leimane, Sang Nae Cho, Hee Jin Kim, Kai Kliiman, Somsak Akksilp, Ruwen Jou, Julia Ershova, Tracy Dalton, Peter Cegielski
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis are emerging worldwide. The Green Light Committee initiative supported programmatic management of drug-resistant tuberculosis in 90 countries. We used estimates from the Preserving Effective TB Treatment Study to predict MDR and XDR tuberculosis trends in four countries with a high burden of MDR tuberculosis: India, the Philippines, Russia, and South Africa. METHODS: We calibrated a compartmental model to data from drug resistance surveys and WHO tuberculosis reports to forecast estimates of incident MDR and XDR tuberculosis and the percentage of incident MDR and XDR tuberculosis caused by acquired drug resistance, assuming no fitness cost of resistance from 2000 to 2040 in India, the Philippines, Russia, and South Africa...
May 9, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498943/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-whole-genome-sequences-from-southern-india-suggest-novel-resistance-mechanisms-and-the-need-for-region-specific-diagnostics
#11
Abigail L Manson, Thomas Abeel, James E Galagan, Jagadish Chandrabose Sundaramurthi, Alex Salazar, Thies Gehrmann, Siva Kumar Shanmugam, Kannan Palaniyandi, Sujatha Narayanan, Soumya Swaminathan, Ashlee M Earl
Background.: India is home to 25% of all tuberculosis cases and the second highest number of multidrug resistant cases worldwide. However, little is known about the genetic diversity and resistance determinants of Indian Mycobacterium tuberculosis, particularly for the primary lineages found in India, lineages 1 and 3. Methods.: We whole genome sequenced 223 randomly selected M. tuberculosis strains from 196 patients within the Tiruvallur and Madurai districts of Tamil Nadu in Southern India...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496303/development-of-a-potent-invigorator-of-immune-responses-endowed-with-both-preventive-and-therapeutic-properties
#12
REVIEW
Gursaran P Talwar, Jagdish C Gupta, Abu S Mustafa, Hemanta K Kar, Kiran Katoch, Shreemanta K Parida, Prabhakara P Reddi, Niyaz Ahmed, Vikram Saini, Somesh Gupta
This article reviews briefly the making of an immunoprophylactic-cum-immunotherapeutic vaccine against leprosy. The vaccine is based on cultivable, heat-killed atypical mycobacteria, whose gene sequence is now known. It has been named Mycobacterium indicus pranii. It has received the approval of the Drug Controller General of India and the US Food and Drug Administration. Besides leprosy, M. indicus pranii has found utility in the treatment of category II ("difficult to treat") tuberculosis. It also heals ugly anogenital warts...
2017: Biologics: Targets & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485693/rapid-assessment-of-facilitators-and-barriers-related-to-the-acceptance-challenges-and-community-perception-of-daily-regimen-for-treating-tuberculosis-in-india
#13
Himanshu Negandhi, Ritika Tiwari, Anjali Sharma, Rajesh Nair, Sanjay Zodpey, Ramesh Reddy Allam, Ganesh Oruganti
INTRODUCTION: The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) is the largest tuberculosis (TB) control program in the world based on Directly Observed Treatment Short-Course (DOTS) strategy. Globally, most countries have been using a daily regimen and in India a shift towards a daily regimen for TB treatment has already begun. The daily strategy is known to improve program coverage along with compliance. Such strategic shifts have both management and operational implications...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482958/care-seeking-and-treatment-related-delay-among-childhood-tuberculosis-patients-in-delhi-india
#14
A Kalra
OBJECTIVE: To examine delays in treatment initiation among child tuberculosis (TB) patients and to identify associated factors. METHOD: A multistage cluster random sampling strategy was used to select 175 parents/care givers of childhood TB patients from eight district TB centres covered by the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in Delhi for interview in a cross-sectional survey. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify associated factors...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479815/guillain-barre-syndrome-following-tuberculosis-a-rare-association
#15
Akshay Navalkishor Lakhotia, Dinesh Chouksey, Rahul Jain, Ajoy Kumar Sodani
The co-occurrence of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and tuberculosis is rare. Even in countries like India, where tuberculosis is common, there is only one case report of co-occurrence of GBS with tuberculosis. We report a case of GBS in association with sputum-positive pulmonary tuberculosis. The earliest treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin in acute motor axonal neuropathy variant of GBS would show good early recovery despite associated pulmonary tuberculosis.
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479800/factors-determining-the-clinical-spectrum-course-and-response-to-treatment-and-complications-in-seronegative-patients-with-central-nervous-system-tuberculosis
#16
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Sikandar Advani, Ravi Kumar, Chandrajith Prasad, Anupama R Pai
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculous meningitis remains a major health issue in the community affecting young adults of both genders predominantly from rural background. In India, the disease continues to kill 2 people every 3 min or nearly 1000 daily, according to the Tuberculosis Control Society India. Tuberculosis (TB) of central nervous system (CNS) is the most devastating form of TB. As this disease is associated with very high prevalence in young adults and will ultimately contribute to great workforce loss, we decided to assess the factors deciding the disease and its course in our patients...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475735/impact-of-fluoroquinolone-use-on-mortality-among-a-cohort-of-suspected-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients
#17
Marva Seifert, Sophia B Georghiou, Richard S Garfein, Donald Catanzaro, Timothy C Rodwell
Background: Previous retrospective and in vitro studies suggest that use of later generation fluoroquinolones may reduce mortality risk and improve treatment outcomes for drug-resistant tuberculosis patients, including individuals resistant to a fluoroquinolone. Meta-analysis results are mixed and few studies have examined this relationship prospectively. Methods: As part of a comparative diagnostic study, we conducted a prospective cohort study with 834 Mycobacterium tuberculosis infected patients from selected hospitals and clinics with high prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis in India, Moldova, and South Africa...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451090/a-rare-complication-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-pulmonary-venous-thrombosis-with-atrial-extension
#18
Onkar Balasaheb Auti, Ranganath R, Murali Mohan Bv, Vimal Raj
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is serious public health problem in India and worldwide. The mortality rate in pulmonary TB is high in those with advanced disease and in presence of complications. It presents with wide variety of complications of which haematological complications are rare. Many cases were reported pulmonary TB associated with deep venous thrombosis, hepatic and portal venous thrombosis, central retinal venous thrombosis and sagittal sinus thrombosis in TB meningitis. We report a rare case of pulmonary TB with pulmonary venous thrombosis and atrial extension...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441233/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-due-to-tuberculosis-in-a-respiratory-icu-over-a-16-year-period
#19
Valliappan Muthu, Sahajal Dhooria, Ashutosh N Aggarwal, Digambar Behera, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Ritesh Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: Whether tuberculosis-related acute respiratory distress syndrome is associated with worse outcomes when compared with acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to other causes remains unknown. Herein, we compare the outcomes between the two groups. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of all subjects admitted with acute respiratory distress syndrome over the last 16 years. SETTING: Respiratory ICU of a tertiary care hospital in North India...
April 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432172/why-tuberculosis-control-programmes-fail-role-of-microlevel-and-macrolevel-factors-an-analysis-from-india
#20
Sudip Bhattacharya, Amarjeet Singh
India accounts for one-fourth of the global tuberculosis (TB) burden. The National TB Program was started in 1962. Over a period of time, some lacunae such as poor case detection rate and incomplete treatment were observed. Later, the government formulated the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP), which achieved a case detection rate of 70% and a cure rate of 85%. Still, the problem of relapse and defaulter cases persists. In 2014, 6% defaulter cases were reported from India. RNTCP has also focused on microlevel aspects, that is, newer diagnostics such as GenXpert, line probe assay and medicines such as bedaquiline for drug-resistant TB...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
keyword
keyword
29925
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"