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Pau Alonso, Joaquín Osca, Oscar Cano, Pedro Pimenta, Ana Andrés, Jaime Yagüe, José Millet, Joaquín Rueda, María José Sancho-Tello
BACKGROUND: Information regarding suitability for S-ICD implant in Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) population is scarce and needs to be further explored. THE AIMS OF OUR STUDY WERE: (i) to determine the proportion of patients with ToF eligible for S-ICD, (ii) to identify the optimal sensing vector in ToF patients, (iii) to test specifically the eligibility for sICD with right-sided screening, and (iv) to compare with the proportion of eligible patients in a non-selected ICD population...
January 10, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Jason Huang, Kristen K Patton, Jordan M Prutkin
BACKGROUND: The subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD) is a novel implanted defibrillator for the prevention of sudden cardiac death that avoids intravascular access. Use of this device is limited by its inability to provide backup pacing. Combined use of the S-ICD with a permanent pacemaker may be the optimal choice in certain situations though experience with the use of both devices together remains limited. METHODS: We reviewed our single-center experience with the S-ICD from March 2011 to November 2015...
November 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Li-Tzong Chen, Chiung-Tong Chen, Weir-Torn Jiaang, Tsai-Yun Chen, Joseph H Butterfield, Neng-Yao Shih, John Tsu-An Hsu, Hui-You Lin, Sheng-Fung Lin, Hui-Jen Tsai
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) carrying t(8;21)(q22;q22) or inv(16)/t(16;16)(p13;q22) is classified as core binding factor (CBF)-AML and accounts for approximately 15% of AML. c-KIT mutation can be detected in 17%∼46% of CBF-AML and is associated with poor prognosis. c-KIT mutation is a crucial hit and cooperates with AML1-ETO resulting from t(8;21)(q22;q22) to cause overt AML. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) targeting c-KIT, such as imatinib, has been used successfully to treat c-KIT driven gastrointestinal stromal tumors...
October 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
D G Wilson, G Leventigiannis, C Barr, J M Morgan
BACKGROUND: T wave oversensing (TWOS) is the commonest cause of inappropriate shocks in subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillators (S-ICDs). We hypothesise that predictors of TWOS can be derived from surface ECG parameters. METHODS: In a cohort of SICD recipients in two UK centres, all patients who had TWOS (study group) were compared to all those who had not (control group). The pre-implant screen was scanned and the R wave, T wave amplitudes, QRS interval, time to peak T wave, QT interval and R:T ratio was measured using digital callipers...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
N Y Chan, H C Yuen, N S Mok
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative electrocardiographic (ECG) screening before subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (SICD) implantation is essential to prevent T-wave oversensing and inappropriate shocks. The failure rate of ECG screening was reported to be up to 8% when only two body positions were tested. METHOD: Three subcutaneous ECG vectors represented by lead I, II and III were obtained in standing, supine, sitting and squatting positions. A patient qualified if the ECG in any same lead passed in all four positions...
December 2015: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Rajiv K Dhamija, Henry Tan, Edward Philbin, Roy O Mathew, Mandeep S Sidhu, Jeffrey Wang, Basil Saour, Syed S Haqqie, Gerald Beathard, Alexander S Yevzlin, Loay Salman, William E Boden, Gary Siskin, Arif Asif
Central venous stenosis is a common complication of the transvenous leads associated with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Although epicardial leads have been reported to bypass this complication, their placement is much more invasive than the subcutaneous ICDs (SICDs) and requires the services of a cardiothoracic surgeon. Recent data have demonstrated successful defibrillation using an SICD. In this report, we present 4 long-term hemodialysis patients treated successfully with an SICD. 3 patients received the device for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (cardiomyopathy with low ejection fraction)...
July 2015: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Mehmood Zeb, Paul Roberts, Arthur Yue, John Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Ambulatory cardiac monitoring devices and the novel subcutaneous ICD (SICD) sensing algorithms are based on the surface electrocardiograms (ECGs) parameters for detection and discrimination of arrhythmias. However the impact of posture, cardiac morphologies (normal and congenital heart diseases), and electrode placement on these parameters are not known. AIM: To determine the impact of posture (standing, sitting, supine, left lateral, right lateral) and bipolar electrode location (LI, LII, LIII), cardiac morphologies (normal, TOF, TGA, SVP) and gender on R-wave amplitude, T-wave amplitude, R/T ratio, QRS, QTc, Tpeak-end duration...
June 2014: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Andrew Grace
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To consider the case of need that underpinned the development of the subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (SICD), the preclinical and clinical data obtained so far, its current role and likely future. RECENT FINDINGS: The data from prospective clinical evaluation of the device demonstrated safety and efficacy leading to Food and Drug Administration approval. This superseded earlier reports from Europe that raised some clinical concerns, previously anticipated through the introduction of new technology...
January 2014: Current Opinion in Cardiology
F Reinke, A Löher, J Köbe, L Eckardt
Prevention of sudden cardiac death is one of the most important tasks of cardiology. Transvenous ICD-systems have impressively proven their effectiveness in numerous randomized trials. Transvenous systems have their limitations due to frequent long-term lead complications. Having been available for a few years, the entirely subcutaneous ICD-system (S-ICD®, Boston Scientific, USA, former Cameron Health, USA) seems to be a promising alternative despite the lack of prospective data. The implantation of the SICD® can be performed easily; lead complications are rare because of the totally subcutaneous implantation...
September 2013: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
Riccardo Cappato, Serenella Castelvecchio, Paul Erlinger, Rick Sanghera, Donald Scheck, Alan Ostroff, William Rissmann, Charles Gropper, Gust H Bardy
INTRODUCTION: This study reports the experimental process leading to development of an automatic totally subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (SICD) system engineered for human use. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two studies were conducted to test defibrillation and detection feasibility of an SICD system located in the left chest. In the first study, 2 pockets were created in 15 canines for placement of an anterior electrode adjacent to the left edge of the sternum and a lateral electrode at the site along the axillary line between the 4th and 6th intercostal space...
January 2013: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Yong Joo Lee, Elodie Burlet, Shaoxiao Wang, Baoshan Xu, Shile Huang, Floyd J Galiano, Stephan N Witt
The Prestwick and NIH chemical libraries were screened for drugs that protect baker's yeast from sugar-induced cell death (SICD). SICD is triggered when stationary-phase yeast cells are transferred from spent rich medium into water with 2% glucose and no other nutrients. The rapid, apoptotic cell death occurs because reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulate. We found that triclabendazole, which is used to treat liver flukes in cattle and man, partially protects against SICD. Characterization of triclabendazole revealed that it also protects yeast cells from death induced by the Parkinson's disease-related protein alpha-synuclein (α-syn), which is known to induce the accumulation of ROS...
October 14, 2011: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jiang-Sha Zhao, Wen-Jie Li, Di Ge, Pei-Jing Zhang, Jing-Jing Li, Chun-Lai Lu, Xiao-Dan Ji, Dong-Xian Guan, Hong Gao, Li-Yan Xu, Eng-Ming Li, Harmik Soukiasian, H Phillip Koeffler, Xiao-Fan Wang, Dong Xie
BACKGROUND: Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC) is a major subtype of esophageal cancer causing significant morbility and mortality in Asia. Mechanism of initiation and progression of this disease is unclear. Tumor initiating cells (TICs) are the subpopulation of cells which have the ability to self-renew, as well as, to drive initiation and progression of cancer. Increasing evidence has shown that TICs exist in a variety of tumors. However, the identification and characterization of TICs in esophageal carcinoma has remained elusive...
2011: PloS One
Yong Joo Lee, Elodie Burlet, Floyd Galiano, Magdalena L Circu, Tak Yee Aw, B Jill Williams, Stephan N Witt
Stationary-phase Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells transferred from spent rich media into water live for weeks, whereas the same cells die within hours if transferred into water with 2% glucose in a process called sugar-induced cell death (SICD). Our hypothesis is that SICD is due to a dysregulated Crabtree effect, which is the phenomenon whereby glucose transiently inhibits respiration and ATP synthesis. We found that stationary-phase cells in glucose/water consume 21 times more O(2) per cell than exponential-phase cells in rich media, and such excessive O(2) consumption causes reactive oxygen species to accumulate...
June 10, 2011: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yuji Kajiwara, Joseph D Buxbaum, Dorothy E Grice
BACKGROUND: Rare genetic variants of SLITRK1 have been previously associated with Tourette syndrome (TS), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. METHODS: We studied SLITRK1 processing and phosphorylation. To explore potential signaling pathways of the cytoplasmic domain of SLITRK1, we made use of the yeast two-hybrid screen. RESULTS: We observed that the extracellular domain of SLITRK1 is secreted in vitro and in vivo and that this process is activated by protein kinase C and inhibited by an inhibitor of tumor necrosis factor-alpha converting enzyme (TACE)...
November 15, 2009: Biological Psychiatry
Hiroyuki Yoshimoto, Rie Ohuchi, Kumiko Ikado, Satoshi Yoshida, Toshiko Minato, Tatsuji Ishiguro, Satoru Mizutani, Osamu Kobayashi
We confirmed that sugar-induced cell death (SICD) occurs in the bottom fermenting yeast Saccharomyces pastorianus under anaerobic conditions and that mitochondrial DNA is only partly required for SICD. Fermentation tests using different ratios of glucose and non-glucose nutrients demonstrated that SICD is influenced by the balance between these nutrients.
July 2009: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Shen Mynn Tan, Siew Tein Wang, Hannes Hentze, Peter Dröge
Undifferentiated transcription factor 1 (UTF1) was identified first in mouse embryonic stem cells and is also expressed in human embryonic and adult stem cells. UTF1 transcription ceases at the onset of differentiation, which clearly distinguishes it from less sensitive pluripotency markers, such as Oct4 or Nanog. We present here two transgenic hESC lines, named ZUN. Each line harbors one copy of the UTF1 promoter/enhancer driving a resistance gene and yielded highly homogeneous cultures under selection pressure, with a larger proportion of Oct4 and Sox2 positive cells...
2007: Nucleic Acids Research
Lars Müller, Okay Saydam, Yoshinaga Saeki, Irma Heid, Cornel Fraefel
Gene transfer into hepatocytes is highly desirable for the long-term goal of replacing deficient proteins and correcting metabolic disorders. Vectors based on herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) have been demonstrated to mediate efficient gene transfer into hepatocytes both in vitro and in vivo. Large transgene capacity and extrachromosomal persistence make HSV-1/EBV hybrid amplicon vectors an attractive candidate for hepatic gene replacement therapy. To assess liver-directed gene transfer, we constructed (i) a conventional HSV-1 amplicon vector encoding a secreted reporter protein (secreted alkaline phosphatase, SEAP) under the control of the HSV-1 immediate-early 4/5 promoter; (ii) a HSV-1 amplicon encoding SEAP under the control of the artificial CAG promoter (the chicken beta-actin promoter and cytomegalovirus (CMV) immediate-early enhancer); and (iii) a HSV-1/EBV hybrid amplicon, also encoding SEAP under the control of the CAG promoter...
January 2005: Journal of Virological Methods
D Granot, N Dai
Sugars like glucose and fructose induce death of yeast cells within a few hours, in the absence of additional nutrients to support growth, while cells incubated in water remain viable for weeks. This sugar-induced cell death (SICD) by glucose and fructose required glucose or fructose phosphorylation since yeast cells deficient in hexose phosphorylation did not die. However, when hexose phosphorylation is restored by complementation with Arabidopsis thaliana hexokinase, the cells died. The affinity of A. thaliana hexokinase is about 400 times higher for glucose than for fructose, therefore, A...
October 1997: Cell Death and Differentiation
David Granot, Alex Levine, Edan Dor-Hefetz
Sugars induce death of Saccharomyces cerevisiae within a few hours in the absence of additional nutrients to support growth; by contrast, cells incubated in water or in the presence of other nutrients without sugar remain viable for weeks. Here we show that this sugar-induced cell death (SICD) is characterized by rapid production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), RNA and DNA degradation, membrane damage, nucleus fragmentation and cell shrinkage. Addition of ascorbic acid to sugar-incubated cells prevents SICD, indicating that SICD is initiated by ROS...
October 2003: FEMS Yeast Research
Jan Karrass, Julia M Braungart-Rieker, Jennifer Mullins, Jennifer Burke Lefever
This longitudinal study including 87 infant-mother dyads examined the relation between infant temperamental attention, maternal encouragement of attention, language, and the effects of gender. At ages 0;4, 0;8, and 1;0, global attention was assessed from Rothbart's (1981) IBQ; manipulative exploration was assessed with the Bayley (1969) IBR; and maternal verbal, visual and physical encouragement of attention were coded from 5 minutes of mother-infant free-play. At 1;0, language was measured using language items from the Bayley Mental Scale and parent-report items from Hendrick, Prather & Tobin's (1984) SICD-Revised...
August 2002: Journal of Child Language
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