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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087244/practice-makes-perfect-correlations-between-prior-experience-in-high-level-athletics-and-robotic-surgical-performance-do-not-persist-after-task-repetition
#1
Kevin Shee, Fady M Ghali, Elias S Hyams
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgical skill development is central to training in urology as well as in other surgical disciplines. Here, we describe a pilot study assessing the relationships between robotic surgery simulator performance and 3 categories of activities, namely, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics. DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to preclinical medical students for general demographic information and prior experiences in surgery, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064382/early-assessment-of-feasibility-and-technical-specificities-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-using-the-da-vinci-xi
#2
Philippe Gorphe, Jean Von Tan, Sophie El Bedoui, Dana M Hartl, Anne Auperin, Quentin Qassemyar, Antoine Moya-Plana, François Janot, Morbize Julieron, Stephane Temam
The latest generation Da Vinci(®) Xi™ Surgical System Robot released has not been evaluated to date in transoral surgery for head and neck cancers. We report here the 1-year results of a non-randomized phase II multicentric prospective trial aimed at assessing its feasibility and technical specificities. Our primary objective was to evaluate the feasibility of transoral robotic surgery using the da Vinci(®) Xi™ Surgical System Robot. The secondary objective was to assess peroperative outcomes. Twenty-seven patients, mean age 62...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055121/the-scaling-of-the-hydraulic-architecture-in-poplar-leaves
#3
Mónica R Carvalho, Robert Turgeon, Thomas Owens, Karl J Niklas
Although much is known about the hydraulics of xylem, the hydraulic interconnectivity and dimensional scaling of phloem with respect to xylem in leaves has not been adequately studied to test alternative hydraulic architectural rules such as da Vinci's rule or Murray's rule, or physiological models such as Münch's Pressure Flow hypothesis. Using confocal and electron microscopy as well as mathematical analyses, we examined the hydraulic architecture of the mature leaves of the model species Populus tremula × alba across all seven hierarchical orders of the vascular branching...
January 5, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044247/-plug-and-play-a-novel-technique-utilising-existing-technology-to-get-the-most-out-of-the-robot
#4
Todd G Manning, Daniel Christidis, Jasamine Coles-Black, Shannon McGrath, Jonathan O'Brien, Jason Chuen, Damien Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk
We describe a simple technique in which current and freely available technology can be utilised by surgeons while operating the Da Vinci Si/Xi Surgical Robotic systems. This technique allows for a parallel intraoperative display within the surgical console of any desired subject material from a standard computer, utilising commercially available cabling. The ability to view 3D reconstructed images, patient radiology and patient results within the console whilst operating, has the potential to increase operative efficiency, reduce error and aid in adequate resection of tissues...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028750/early-clinical-experience-with-the-da-vinci-xi-surgical-system-in-general-surgery
#5
Monika E Hagen, Minoa K Jung, Frederic Ris, Jassim Fakhro, Nicolas C Buchs, Leo Buehler, Philippe Morel
The da Vinci Xi Surgical System (Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA) has been released in 2014 to facilitate minimally invasive surgery. Novel features are targeted towards facilitating complex multi-quadrant procedures, but data is scarce so far. Perioperative data of patients who underwent robotic general surgery with the da Vinci Xi system within the first 6 month after installation were collected and analyzed. The gastric bypass procedures performed with the da Vinci Xi Surgical System were compared to an equal amount of the last procedures with the da Vinci Si Surgical System...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012768/laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-with-a-remote-controlled-robot
#6
Clément-Claude Abbou, András Hoznek, Laurent Salomon, Leif Eric Olsson, Adrian Lobontiu, Fabien Saint, Antony Cicco, Patrick Antiphon, Dominique Chopin
PURPOSE: Robotics in surgery is a recent innovation. This technology offers a number of attractive features in laparoscopy. It overcomes the difficulties with fixed port sites by restoring all 6 degrees of freedom at the instrument tips, provides new possibilities for miniaturization of surgical tasks and allows remote controlled surgery. We investigated the applicability of remote controlled robotic surgery to laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our previous experience with laparoscopic prostatectomy served as a basis for adapting robotic surgery to this procedure...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009229/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-sellar-tumors-first-clinical-study
#7
Dorian Chauvet, Stéphane Hans, Antoine Missistrano, Celeste Rebours, Wissame El Bakkouri, Guillaume Lot
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to confirm the feasibility of an innovative transoral robotic surgery (TORS), using the da Vinci Surgical System, for patients with sellar tumors. This technique was designed to offer a new minimally invasive approach, without soft-palate splitting, that avoids the rhinological side effects of classic endonasal approaches. METHODS The authors performed a prospective study of TORS in patients with symptomatic sellar tumors. Specific anatomical features were required for inclusion in the study and were determined on the basis of preoperative open-mouth CT scans of the brain...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008712/insight-into-the-da-vinci%C3%A2-xi-technical-notes-for-single-docking-left-sided-colorectal-procedures
#8
James Chi-Yong Ngu, Sarah Sim, Sulaiman Yusof, Chee-Yung Ng, Andrew Siang-Yih Wong
BACKGROUND: The adoption of robot-assisted laparoscopic colorectal surgery has been hampered by issues with docking, operative duration, technical difficulties in multi-quadrant access, and cost. The da Vinci® Xi has been designed to overcome some of these limitations. We describe our experience with the system and offer technical insights to its application in left-sided colorectal procedures. METHODS: Our initial series of left-sided robotic colorectal procedures was evaluated...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005192/the-robotic-approach-for-enucleation-of-a-giant-esophageal-lipoma
#9
Cheng-Hung How, Jang-Ming Lee
An 87-year-old man, who had been experiencing progressive dysphagia and slight chest discomfort for 12 months, presented for an esophagram with a diagnosis of achalasia. A giant esophageal lipoma (14.5- × 4.5- × 3.5-cm) that caused symptomatic dysphagia and a dilated esophagus was revealed by computed tomography and endoscopic esophageal ultrasound. For such a huge esophageal lipoma in a geriatric patient, we successfully enucleated the mediastinal lesion via a minimally invasive approach using the da Vinci S Surgical System...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004263/transoral-robotic-surgery-for-the-pediatric-head-and-neck-surgeries
#10
Evren Erkul, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Deepak Mehta, Utku Aydil
Pediatric robotic surgery is a relatively new technology that has been shown to be safe and feasible for a number of pediatric procedures. Our literature analysis was performed using Pubmed database between January 2005 and December 2015, using key words: "robotic," "robotic surgery," "TORS," "pediatric," "children," "head and neck," and "da Vinci". We selected only publications in English. Eight published reports met the selection criteria. We totally found 41 patients, and the age range was between 2 months and 19 years...
December 21, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995544/transoral-robotic-resection-of-a-combined-laryngocele
#11
T J Gal, Brian Hixon, Paul Zhang
This case report describes the use of trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS) for the excision of a combined laryngocele. Mixed or combined laryngoceles extend from the supraglottic larynx through the thyrohyoid membrane into the neck. Surgical excision for these benign lesions often requires combined external (transcervical) and internal (transoral endoscopic) approaches which carry significant morbidity. We present the case of a 37-year-old male who was diagnosed with a large laryngopyocele and was subsequently managed with a transoral excision using the da Vinci Si surgical robot system...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990092/robotic-surgery-in-gynecology
#12
REVIEW
Ibrahim Alkatout, Liselotte Mettler, Nicolai Maass, Johannes Ackermann
Robotic surgery is the most dynamic development in the sector of minimally invasive operations currently. It should not be viewed as an alternative to laparoscopy, but as the next step in a process of technological evolution. The advancement of robotic surgery, in terms of the introduction of the Da Vinci Xi, permits the variable use of optical devices in all four trocars. Due to the new geometry of the "patient cart," an operation can be performed in all spatial directions without re-docking. Longer instruments and the markedly narrower mechanical elements of the "patient cart" provide greater flexibility as well as access similar to those of traditional laparoscopy...
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987068/single-site-robotic-assisted-apical-lateral-suspension-ss-r-als-for-advanced-pelvic-organ-prolapse-first-case-reported
#13
Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Paolo Mannella, Tommaso Simoncini
While single-port laparoscopy for gynecological surgery is technically challenging, the Da Vinci Single-Site(®) robotic surgery platform may help to overcome some of the difficulties of this rapidly evolving technique. The authors of this article present the first case of single-incision, robotic apical lateral suspension (R-ALS) using this device in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. A 71-year-old female with advanced symptomatic anterior and apical prolapse (POP-Q stage III/III) was operated with a single-site approach using the Da Vinci Single-Site(®) robotic surgery device...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981823/robotic-single-port-cholecystectomy-current-data-and-future-perspectives
#14
Anastasios Angelou, Athanasios Skarmoutsos, Georgios A Margonis, Demetrios Moris, Christos Tsigris, Emmanouil Pikoulis
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive techniques are used more and more frequently. Since conventional laparoscopic approach has been the gold standard, surgeons in their effort to further reduce the invasiveness of conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy have adopted Single Incision approach. The widespread adoption of robotics has led to the inevitable hybridization of robotic technology with laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS). As a result, employment of the da Vinci surgical system may allow greater surgical maneuverability, improving ergonomics...
December 16, 2016: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973949/robot-assisted-heller-s-myotomy-for-achalasia-in-children
#15
Tariq Altokhais, Hala Mandora, Ayed Al-Qahtani, Abdulrahman Al-Bassam
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is rare in children. Surgical options include open, laparoscopic and robotic approaches. However, Heller's myotomy remains the treatment of choice. This report describes our experience with robot-assisted Heller's myotomy in children and presents a review of the literature. METHODS: Included in this study are children who underwent robot-assisted Heller's myotomy for esophageal achalasia via the Da Vinci surgical system between 2004 and 2015 at King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
December 2016: Comput Assist Surg (Abingdon)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955859/initial-experience-with-the-new-da-vinci-single-port-robot-assisted-platform
#16
R Ballestero Diego, S Zubillaga Guerrero, D Truan Cacho, C Carrion Ballardo, G Velilla Diez, P Calleja Hermosa, J L Gutiérrez Baños
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience in the first cases of urological surgeries performed with the da Vinci single-port robot-assisted platform. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed 5 single-port robot-assisted surgeries (R-LESS) between May and October 2014. We performed 3 ureteral reimplant surgeries, one ureteropyeloplasty in an inverted kidney and 1 partial nephrectomy. The perioperative and postoperative results were collected, as well as a report of the complications according to the Clavien classification system...
December 9, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933136/critical-analysis-of-the-literature-investigating-urogenital-function-preservation-following-robotic-rectal-cancer-surgery
#17
Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Jamil Ahmed, Mick Harper, Amjad Parvaiz
AIM: To analyses the current literature regarding the urogenital functional outcomes of patients receiving robotic rectal cancer surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of electronic databases was performed in October 2015. The following search terms were applied: "rectal cancer" or "colorectal cancer" and robot* or "da Vinci" and sexual or urolog* or urinary or erect* or ejaculat* or impot* or incontinence. All original studies examining the urological and/or sexual outcomes of male and/or female patients receiving robotic rectal cancer surgery were included...
November 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928670/tensile-strength-and-failure-load-of-sutures-for-robotic-surgery
#18
Ahmad Abiri, Omeed Paydar, Anna Tao, Megan LaRocca, Kang Liu, Bradley Genovese, Robert Candler, Warren S Grundfest, Erik P Dutson
BACKGROUND: Robotic surgical platforms have seen increased use among minimally invasive gastrointestinal surgeons (von Fraunhofer et al. in J Biomed Mater Res 19(5):595-600, 1985. doi: 10.1002/jbm.820190511 ). However, these systems still suffer from lack of haptic feedback, which results in exertion of excessive force, often leading to suture failures (Barbash et al. in Ann Surg 259(1):1-6, 2014. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182a5c8b8 ). This work catalogs tensile strength and failure load among commonly used sutures in an effort to prevent robotic surgical consoles from exceeding identified thresholds...
December 7, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926632/a-pooled-analysis-of-robotic-versus-laparoscopic-surgery-for-colon-cancer
#19
Bo-Shi Duan, Guo-Hua Zhao, Helen Yang, Yue Wang
OBJECTIVE: An increasing number of studies have been reported since the "Da Vinci" Robotic System was used in gastrointestinal disease. Thus, we conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the safety and efficacy of robotic colectomy (RC) compared with laparoscopic colectomy (LC) in the treatment of colon cancer. METHOD: A systematic search of Medline, Embase databases, and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify studies that compared RC and LC and were published up to February 2015...
December 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925585/using-contact-forces-and-robot-arm-accelerations-to-automatically-rate-surgeon-skill-at-peg-transfer
#20
Jeremy Brown, Conor O'Brien, Sarah Leung, Kristoffel Dumon, David Lee, Katherine Kuchenbecker
OBJECTIVE: Most trainees begin learning robotic minimally invasive surgery by performing inanimate practice tasks with clinical robots such as the Intuitive Surgical da Vinci. Expert surgeons are commonly asked to evaluate these performances using standardized five-point rating scales, but doing such ratings is time consuming, tedious, and somewhat subjective. This article presents an automatic skill evaluation system that analyzes only the contact force with the task materials, the broad-bandwidth accelerations of the robotic instruments and camera, and the task completion time...
December 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
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