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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#1
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104939/percutaneous-removal-of-impacted-double-j-stent-in-a-transplant-kidney
#2
Rahul Kumar, Chandan J Das, Vathulru Seenu, Amlesh Seth
Prophylactic double J (DJ) stent insertion has been adopted as a routine procedure in renal transplant patients for internal urinary diversion and for protecting ureteroneocystostomy anastomosis. The timely and early removal of stent has been proved to reduce the occurrence of stent-associated complications such as migration, encrustation, and infection. The most commonly used procedure of stent removal via retrograde cystoscopic approach can sometimes be technically very difficult leaving antegrade approach as another alternative to open surgery as the last resort...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104713/multimerization-properties-of-piggymac-a-domesticated-piggybac-transposase-involved-in-programmed-genome-rearrangements
#3
Emeline Dubois, Nathalie Mathy, Vinciane Régnier, Julien Bischerour, Céline Baudry, Raphaëlle Trouslard, Mireille Bétermier
During sexual processes, the ciliate Paramecium eliminates 25-30% of germline DNA from its somatic genome. DNA elimination includes excision of ∼45 000 short, single-copy internal eliminated sequences (IESs) and depends upon PiggyMac (Pgm), a domesticated piggyBac transposase that is essential for DNA cleavage at IES ends. Pgm carries a core transposase region with a putative catalytic domain containing three conserved aspartic acids, and a downstream cysteine-rich (CR) domain. A C-terminal extension of unknown function is predicted to adopt a coiled-coil (CC) structure...
January 18, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103722/accreditation-of-medical-schools-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#4
S A Alrebish, B C Jolly, E K Molloy
CONTEXT: The accreditation of undergraduate medical education is a universal undertaking. Despite the widespread adoption of accreditation processes and an increasing focus on accreditation as a mechanism to ensure minimum standards are met in various fields, there is little evidence to support the effectiveness of accreditation. Traditionally, accreditation has worked toward achieving two ends: assuring and improving quality. Many recent articles emphasize the need for continuous quality improvement mechanisms to work, as well as the quality assurance role of accreditation...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100238/chronic-physical-conditions-multimorbidity-and-physical-activity-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Davy Vancampfort, Ai Koyanagi, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, Felipe B Schuch, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs
BACKGROUND: There are no nationally representative population-based studies investigating the relationship between physical activity, chronic conditions and multimorbidity (i.e., two or more chronic conditions) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and studies on a multi-national level are lacking. This is an important research gap, given the rapid increase in the prevalence of chronic diseases associated with lifestyle changes in these countries. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between chronic conditions, multimorbidity and low physical activity (PA) among community-dwelling adults in 46 LMICs, and explore the mediators of these relationships...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100024/evaluation-of-cast-re-orientation-on-a-dental-surveyor-using-three-tripod-techniques-a-survey-and-in-vitro-study
#6
Mohammed E Sayed, Idris A Busaily, Rana J Nahari, Ruaa O Hakami, Sami M Maashi, Naveen R Ramireddy
PURPOSE: To survey different educational levels (i.e., students, interns, technicians, and prosthodontic faculty) with regard to their opinions, attitudes, and adoption of three selected tripod techniques. The study will also investigate the accuracy of these techniques to reposition casts on the dental surveyor in anterio-posterior (AP) and lateral directions at both technique and educational levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tripod points, scored lines, and cemented post tripod techniques were used in this study...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095930/quantitative-risk-assessment-of-the-introduction-of-rabies-into-japan-through-the-importation-of-dogs-and-cats-worldwide
#7
N C L Kwan, K Sugiura, Y Hosoi, A Yamada, E L Snary
Japan has been free from rabies since 1958. A strict import regimen has been adopted since 2004 consisting of identification of an animal with microchip, two-time rabies vaccination, neutralizing antibody titration test and a waiting period of 180 days. The present study aims to quantitatively assess the risk of rabies introduction into Japan through the international importation of dogs and cats and hence provide evidence-based recommendations to strengthen the current rabies prevention system. A stochastic scenario tree model was developed and simulations were run using @RISK...
January 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094568/barcode-based-species-delimitation-in-the-marine-realm-a-test-using-hexanauplia-multicrustacea-thecostraca-and-copepoda
#8
Robert G Young, Cathryn L Abbott, Thomas W Therriault, Sarah J Adamowicz
DNA barcoding has been used successfully for identifying specimens belonging to marine planktonic groups. However, the ability to delineate species within taxonomically diverse and widely distributed marine groups, such as the Copepoda and Thecostraca, remains largely untested. We investigate whether a cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI-5P) global pairwise sequence divergence threshold exists between intraspecific and interspecific divergences in the copepods plus the thecostracans (barnacles and allies). Using publicly accessible sequence data, we applied a graphical method to determine an optimal threshold value...
October 21, 2016: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094294/version-1-1-of-the-international-spinal-cord-injury-skin-and-thermoregulation-function-basic-data-set
#9
F Biering-Sørensen, M S Alexander, F W A van Asbeck, W Donovan, A Krassioukov, M W M Post
OBJECTIVE: To describe the changes made to the international spinal cord injury (SCI) skin and thermoregulation function basic data set in version 1.1. SETTING: International. METHODS: An international working group reviewed suggested changes to the international SCI skin and thermoregulation function basic data set version 1.0. These changes were discussed and the agreed changes were made. Subsequently, the recommended adjustments were circulated for review to the International Spinal Cord Society (ISCoS) Executive and Scientific Committees, the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Board, around 40 national and international societies, and to interested individuals who had signed up wishing to have the opportunity to review...
January 17, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093208/selective-reporting-of-antibiotic-susceptibility-test-results-in-european-countries-an-escmid-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Céline Pulcini, Gianpiero Tebano, Nico T Mutters, Evelina Tacconelli, Emmanuelle Cambau, Gunnar Kahlmeter, Vincent Jarlier
Selective reporting of antibiotic susceptibility test (AST) results is one possible laboratory-based antibiotic stewardship intervention. The primary aim of this study was to identify where and how selective reporting of AST results is implemented in Europe both in inpatient and in outpatient settings. An ESCMID cross-sectional, self-administered, internet-based survey was conducted among all EUCIC (European Committee on Infection Control) or EUCAST (European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing) national representatives in Europe and Israel...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092003/validated-electrochemical-and-chromatographic-quantifications-of-some-antibiotic-residues-in-pharmaceutical-industrial-waste-water
#11
Heba K Ibrahim, Mona M Abdel-Moety, Sherif A Abdel-Gawad, Medhat A Al-Ghobashy, Mohamed Abdel Kawy
Realistic implementation of ion selective electrodes (ISEs) into environmental monitoring programs has always been a challenging task. This could be largely attributed to difficulties in validation of ISE assay results. In this study, the electrochemical response of amoxicillin trihydrate (AMX), ciprofloxacin hydrochloride (CPLX), trimethoprim (TMP), and norfloxacin (NFLX) was studied by the fabrication of sensitive membrane electrodes belonging to two types of ISEs, which are polyvinyl chloride (PVC) membrane electrodes and glassy carbon (GC) electrodes...
January 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091740/controlling-eutrophication-in-a-mediterranean-shallow-reservoir-by-phosphorus-loading-reduction-the-need-for-an-integrated-management-approach
#12
Mikel Zaragüeta, Pablo Acebes
Increased nutrient enrichment in Mediterranean standing waters has enhanced the risk of being affected by cyanobacterial blooms. Because phosphorus abatement is shaped as a crucial strategy for controlling eutrophication, this study introduces a structural thinking, experiential learning laboratory with animation dynamic model elaborated for Cazalegas Reservoir (Spain) to assess the feasibility of implementing a set of internal and external control measures and hydromorphological adjustments to meet the goal of oligotrophication...
January 13, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091687/analyzing-change-in-nursing-home-information-technology-sophistication-a-2-year-survey
#13
Gregory L Alexander, Richard Madsen, Matthew Newton
Nursing home (NH) health information technology (IT) is becoming more prevalent across the country. Currently, a national sample of NHs is being surveyed for 3 consecutive years to determine trends in NH IT sophistication (e.g., measures of IT capabilities, extent of IT use, IT integration with internal and external stakeholders). IT sophistication is measured in resident care, clinical support, and administrative activities. The current article provides details of the differences in NH IT sophistication reported by administrators completing Year 1 and Year 2 surveys...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091278/brief-activity-performance-measure-for-upper-limb-amputees-bam-ula
#14
Linda Resnik, Matthew Borgia, Frantzy Acluche
BACKGROUND: Measures of activity performance for adults with upper limb amputation are needed. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the measurement properties of a new measure of activity performance for adults with upper limb amputation, which we call the Brief Activity Measure for Upper Limb Amputees (BAM-ULA) and to compare BAM-ULA scores for users of different types of prostheses. METHODS: In all, 35 persons with upper limb amputation were administered the BAM-ULA, twice within 1 week...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090750/professionals-views-on-mental-health-service-users-education-challenges-and-support
#15
I Nieminen, M Kaunonen
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Mental health service users (MHSUs) may experience disruptions in their education. However, education has been shown to have a positive influence on their recovery, potentially offering them broader employment opportunities. The literature suggests that providing support for MHSUs in their educational efforts may be beneficial and is wished for by the service users themselves. However, there is a lack of mental health professionals' views on the topic in the setting of a community mental health centre...
February 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089649/magnetic-resonance-imaging-conditional-devices-luxury-or-real-clinical-need
#16
REVIEW
Sophie I Mavrogeni, George Poulos, Genovefa Kolovou, George Theodorakis
Although the risk of MRI scanning on patients with conventional devices is rather lower than initially thought, the patient's safety can only be assured by using MRI-conditional devices. The most important modifications in MRI-conditional devices include: a) Reduction in ferromagnetic components to reduce magnetic attraction and susceptibility artefacts b) Replacement of reed switch by Hall sensor in order to avoid unpredictable reed switch behaviour c) Lead coil design to minimize lead heating and electrical current induction d) Filter circuitry to prevent damage to internal power supply e) Dedicated pacemaker programming to prevent inappropriate pacemaker inhibition and competing rhythms...
January 9, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088584/proton-pump-inhibition-and-cancer-therapeutics-a-specific-tumor-targeting-or-it-is-a-phenomenon-secondary-to-a-systemic-buffering
#17
REVIEW
Enrico Spugnini, Stefano Fais
One of the unsolved mysteries in oncology includes the strategies that cancer cells adopt to cope with an adverse microenvironment. However, we knew, from the Warburg's discovery that through their metabolism based on sugar fermentation, cancer cells acidify their microenvironment and this progressive acidification induces a selective pressure, leading to the development of very malignant cells entirely armed to survive in the hostile microenvironment generated by their own metabolism. In the last decades a primordial role for proton exchangers has been supported as a key tumor advantage in facing off the acidic milieu...
January 11, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088008/instruments-evaluating-the-quality-of-the-clinical-learning-environment-in-nursing-education-a-systematic-review-of-psychometric-properties
#18
REVIEW
Irene Mansutti, Luisa Saiani, Luca Grassetti, Alvisa Palese
BACKGROUND: The clinical learning environment is fundamental to nursing education paths, capable of affecting learning processes and outcomes. Several instruments have been developed in nursing education, aimed at evaluating the quality of the clinical learning environments; however, no systematic review of the psychometric properties and methodological quality of these studies has been performed to date. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were: 1) to identify validated instruments evaluating the clinical learning environments in nursing education; 2) to evaluate critically the methodological quality of the psychometric property estimation used; and 3) to compare psychometric properties across the instruments available...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081504/the-expression-and-function-of-the-neonatal-fc-receptor-in-thyrocytes-of-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#19
Chenxu Zhao, Ying Gao, Lanlan Zhao, Yuan Li, Yang Zhang, Suxia Wang, Hong Zhang, Guizhi Lu, Xiaohui Guo
OBJECTIVE: Thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies (TgAb and TPOAb), which are primarily of the immunoglobulin G (IgG) class, can mediate antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity in vitro. However, it is unclear whether any thyrocyte molecules can facilitate the transport and elimination of TgAb and TPOAb. The IgG transport receptor neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) is a candidate mediator of these processes. In this study, we aimed to evaluate FcRn expression and function in normal and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) thyrocytes...
January 9, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079030/neuromusculoskeletal-model-self-calibration-for-on-line-sequential-bayesian-moment-estimation
#20
Diana Ruiz Bueno, Luis Montano
OBJECTIVE: Neuromusculoskeletal models involve many subject-specific physiological parameters that need to be adjusted to adequately represent muscle properties. Traditionally, neuromusculoskeletal models have been calibrated with a forward-inverse dynamic optimization which is time-consuming and unfeasible for rehabilitation therapy. Non self-calibration algorithms have been applied to these models. To the best of our knowledge, the algorithm proposed in this work is the first on-line calibration algorithm for muscle models that allows a generic model to be adjusted to different subjects in a few steps...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
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