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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641063/launching-adoptees-into-adulthood-mothers-and-fathers-promotion-of-volitional-functioning
#1
Sonia Ranieri, Laura Ferrari, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
In the psychological literature, there is growing evidence that parental support of children's volitional functioning is one of the most prominent protective factors during adolescence and the transition to adulthood. According to the Self-Determination Theory, children cope best with developmental tasks when they acquire a sense of self-governance and self-endorsed functioning. In the field of adoption research, however, the parental promotion of volitional functioning (PVF) and its relation to the adopted child's development are still underinvestigated...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634619/implementation-of-li-rads-into-a-radiological-practice
#2
REVIEW
Stefan T Siedlikowski, Ania Z Kielar, Eleanor L Ormsby, Bijan Bijan, Christopher Kagay
Since its introduction in 2011, Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) has become an increasingly utilized method for radiologists to categorize lesions for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients at risk (American College of Radiology, www.acr.org/quality-safety/resources/lirads 2016). This overview article presents insight into methods of incorporating LI-RADS into an existing clinical practice, highlighting concrete ways to establish this system as a mainstay in any radiologist's evidence-based armamentarium...
June 20, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632195/towards-a-long-term-strategy-for-voluntary-based-internal-radiation-contamination-monitoring-representativeness-of-the-monitoring-results-in-fukushima-japan
#3
Shuhei Nomura, Masaharu Tsubokura, Michio Murakami, Kyoko Ono, Yoshitaka Nishikawa, Tomoyoshi Oikawa
Following Japan's 2011 Fukushima nuclear incident, voluntary participation, rather than mandatory, was adopted as the default scenario for individual radiation monitoring. We evaluated the representativeness of the internal monitoring results from voluntary participants in Minamisoma City, which is located 10-40 km from the Fukushima nuclear plant. Of approximately 70,000 individuals who were residing in Minamisoma City before the incident, a total of 19,263 residents (aged ≥21 years) participated in the monitoring from 1 October 2011 to 31 March 2015...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631236/use-of-ctx-i-and-pinp-as-bone-turnover-markers-national-bone-health-alliance-recommendations-to-standardize-sample-handling-and-patient-preparation-to-reduce-pre-analytical-variability
#4
P Szulc, K Naylor, N R Hoyle, R Eastell, E T Leary
N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen are the reference standards for bone turnover markers for monitoring osteoporosis treatment. We provide recommendations for standardized sample handling and encompassing aspects of preanalytical variability to improve the reproductibility of their measurements, their reliability, and clinical interpretation. The International Osteoporosis Foundation and International Federation of Clinical Chemistry bone turnover marker standards working group have identified N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP) and C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX-I) in the blood to be the international reference standards for bone turnover markers for the prediction of fracture risk and monitoring of osteoporosis treatment...
June 19, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626876/optical-molecular-imaging-guided-radiation-therapy-part-2-integrated-x-ray-and-fluorescence-molecular-tomography
#5
Junwei Shi, Thirupandiyur S Udayakumar, Zhiqun Wang, Nesrin Dogan, Alan Pollack, Yidong Yang
PURPOSE: Differentiating tumor from its surrounding soft tissues is challenging for x-ray computed tomography (CT). Fluorescence molecular tomography (FMT) can directly localize the internal tumors targeted with specific fluorescent probes. A FMT system was developed and integrated onto a CT guided irradiator to improve tumor localization for image guided radiation. METHODS: The FMT system was aligned orthogonal to the cone beam CT onboard our previously developed image guided small animal arc radiation treatment system (iSMAART)...
June 19, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626850/prescribing-indicators-in-primary-health-care-in-belo-horizonte-brazil-associated-factors
#6
Marina Guimarães Lima, Kátia Reis Dutra, Ursula Carolina Morais Martins
Background The prescription is one of the factors that influences rational use of medicines. The evaluation of prescribing indicators should contribute to organization of primary health care services. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate prescribing indicators and associated factors in primary health care in the northeast health district, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Setting Twenty primary health care units in the Northeast Health District, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Method The study was cross sectional...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626370/donor-safety-in-haemapheresis-development-of-an-internet-based-registry-for-comprehensive-assessment-of-adverse-events-from-healthy-donors
#7
Hans-Gert Heuft, Eike Fischer, Tina Weingand, Thomas Burkhardt, Gerda Leitner, Hagen Baume, Jörg-Peter Schmidt, Andreas Buser, Gabriele Fauchald, Ute Reinicke Voigt, Behrouz Mansouri-Taleghani
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an extensive but highly inconsistent body of literature regarding donor adverse events (AEs) in haemapheresis. As the reports diverge with respect to types and grading of AEs, apheresis procedures and machines, the range of haemapheresis-related AEs varies widely from about 0.03% to 6.6%. METHODS: The German Society for Transfusion Medicine and Immunohaematology (DGTI) formed a 'Haemapheresis Vigilance Working Party' (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Hämapheresevigilanz; AGHV) to create an on-line registry for comprehensive and comparable AE assessment with all available apheresis devices in all types of preparative haemapheresis: plasmapheresis (PLS), plateletpheresis (PLT), red blood cell apheresis, all kind of leukaphereses (autologous/allogeneic blood stem cell apheresis, granulocyte apheresis, lymphocyte/monocyte apheresis) and all possible types of multi-component apheresis...
June 2017: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626279/nutritional-status-of-foster-children-in-the-u-s-implications-for-cognitive-and-behavioral-development
#8
Ursula A Tooley, Zeina Makhoul, Philip A Fisher
OBJECTIVE: Children in foster care are at greater risk for poor health, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental outcomes than are children in the general population. Considerable research links early nutrition to later cognitive and behavioral outcomes. The aim of this narrative review is to examine the prevalence of poor nutrition and its relation to subsequent health and development in foster children. METHOD: Relevant studies for inclusion were identified from numerous sources (e...
November 2016: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625216/symptom-rating-scales-for-schizophrenia-and-other-primary-psychotic-disorders-in-icd-11
#9
J W Keeley, W Gaebel
The subtype system for categorising presentations of schizophrenia will be removed from International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision. In its place will be a system for rating six domains of psychotic disorder pathology: positive symptoms, negative symptoms, depressive symptoms, manic symptoms, psychomotor symptoms and cognitive symptoms. This paper outlines the rationale and description of the proposed symptom rating scale, including current controversies. In particular, the scale could adopt either a 4-point severity rating or a 2-point presence/absence rating...
June 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622731/navigating-tissue-chips-from-development-to-dissemination-a-pharmaceutical-industry-perspective
#10
Lorna Ewart, Kristin Fabre, Ananthsrinivas Chakilam, Yvonne Dragan, David B Duignan, Jeetu Eswaraka, Jinping Gan, Peggy Guzzie-Peck, Monicah Otieno, Claire G Jeong, Douglas A Keller, Sonia M de Morais, Jonathan A Phillips, William Proctor, Radhakrishna Sura, Terry Van Vleet, David Watson, Yvonne Will, Danilo Tagle, Brian Berridge
Tissue chips are poised to deliver a paradigm shift in drug discovery. By emulating human physiology, these chips have the potential to increase the predictive power of preclinical modeling, which in turn will move the pharmaceutical industry closer to its aspiration of clinically relevant and ultimately animal-free drug discovery. Despite the tremendous science and innovation invested in these tissue chips, significant challenges remain to be addressed to enable their routine adoption into the industrial laboratory...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621572/changes-to-international-non-proprietary-names-for-antibody-therapeutics-2017-and-beyond-of-mice-men-and-more%C3%A2
#11
Paul W H I Parren, Paul J Carter, Andreas Plückthun
Active pharmaceutical substances require an International Nonproprietary Name (INN)assigned by the World Health Organization (WHO) to obtain market authorization as a medicinal product. INNsare selected to represent a unique, generic namefor a drug enablingunambiguous identification by stakeholders worldwide. INNs may be requested after initiating clinical development of an investigational drug. Pharmaceutical classes are indicated by a common stem or suffix. Currently, INNsfor monoclonal antibody-based drugs are recognized by the suffix, -mab,preceded by a source infixsuch as-xi- (chimeric),-zu- (humanized) or -u- (human) designating the species from which the antibody was derived...
June 16, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619416/mass-gatherings-and-public-health-case-studies-from-the-hajj-to-mecca
#12
Juma Rahman, Min Thu, Neelam Arshad, Marc Van der Putten
BACKGROUND: Many new and challenging risks can be introduced during mass gatherings. The Hajj, as one of the largest mass gatherings, provides an excellent annual opportunity to reflect on the public health risk posed by international and multicultural crowds and the value of mitigation strategies. OBJECTIVES: To identify the gap between preparation and training taken before being exposed to the mass gathering and postexposure experiences, and the breach between the expectations and reality of the holy place...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618879/contemplative-listening-a-rhetorical-critical-approach-to-facilitate-internal-dialog
#13
Hans Evers
This article presents a discussion technique that is tailored to clients needing to reorient their convictions following a critical life event. The technique has three distinctive characteristics. The client's statements are not classified into categories from conventional layer models that are designed to track the themes or content of talk. Instead, we adopt a rhetorical approach because of the fundamental metaphysical nature of conviction that this article assumes. The primary focus is on how clients talk about themselves and their convictions...
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618101/understanding-nurses-concerns-when-caring-for-patients-from-diverse-cultural-and-ethnic-backgrounds
#14
Kathleen Markey, Mary Tilki, Georgina Taylor
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the experiences of both student and qualified nurses of caring for patients from diverse cultural, ethnic and linguistic backgrounds, in one region of Ireland. Hearing the stories, experiences and attitudes of nurses has the potential to influence future clinical practice and has implications for nurses, nurse educators and nurse managers and leaders. BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of international literature highlighting the importance of providing culturally sensitive care...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616488/building-bridges-to-operationalise-one-health-a-sino-swedish-collaboration-to-tackle-antibiotic-resistance
#15
Otto Cars, Yonghong Xiao, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Lennart E Nilsson, Jianzhong Shen, Qiang Sun, Zhenqiang Bi, Stefan Börjesson, Christina Greko, Yang Wang, Yuqing Liu, Jakob Ottoson, Xuewen Li, Maud Nilsson, Hong Yin, Zhenwang Bi, Beiwen Zheng, Xi Xia, Baoli Chen, Lilu Ding, Pan Sun, Oliver James Dyar, Anette Hulth, Göran Tomson
Antibiotic resistance is a complex global health challenge. The recent Global Action Plan on antimicrobial resistance highlights the importance of adopting One Health approaches that can cross traditional disciplinary boundaries. We report on the early experiences of a multisectoral Sino-Swedish research project that aims to address gaps in our current knowledge and seeks to improve the situation through system-wide interventions. Our research project is investigating antibiotic use and resistance in a rural area of China through a combination of epidemiological, health systems and laboratory investigations...
December 2016: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611339/policy-of-screening-for-colorectal-cancer-in-saudi-arabia-a-prospective-analysis
#16
Abdulrahman A Aljumah, Abdulrahman M Aljebreen
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Several policies of CRC screening are available in different countries. The idea of screening is to identify patients at risk by detection of precancerous and small cancers early enough before they become advanced. In Saudi Arabia (SA), there is no countrywide policy for CRC screening despite the increasing incidence of the disease. Screening for CRC is a multidisciplinary approach that requires education programs, substantial financial support, several logistic measures, and predetermined resources before implementing such a program...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610601/positioning-in-macular-hole-surgery-pims-statistical-analysis-plan-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Lauren Bell, Richard Hooper, Catey Bunce, Saruban Pasu, James Bainbridge
BACKGROUND: The treatment of idiopathic full-thickness macular holes involves surgery to close the hole. Some surgeons advise patients to adopt a face-down position to increase the likelihood of successful macular hole closure. However, patients often find the face-down positioning arduous. There is a lack of conclusive evidence that face-down positioning improves the outcome. The 'Positioning In Macular hole Surgery' (PIMS) trial will assess whether advice to position face-down after surgery improves the surgical success rate for the closure of large (≥400 μm) macular holes...
June 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610432/qsar-model-for-prediction-of-the-therapeutic-potency-of-n-benzylpiperidine-derivatives-as-ache-inhibitors
#18
S Bitam, M Hamadache, S Hanini
A new family of AChE inhibitors, N-benzylpiperidines, showed exceptional efficacy in vitro and in vivo, minimal side effects and high selectivity for acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Three regression methods were chosen in this work to develop robust predictive models, namely multiple linear regression (MLR), genetic function approximation (GFA) and multilayer perceptron network (MLP). Ten descriptors were selected for a dataset of 99 molecules, using a genetic algorithm. The best results were obtained for MLP with a 10-6-1 artificial neural network model trained with the Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno (BFGS) algorithm...
June 14, 2017: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608548/interactions-between-ketones-and-alcohols-rotational-spectrum-and-internal-dynamics-of-acetone-ethanol
#19
Qian Gou, Laura B Favero, Gang Feng, Luca Evangelisti, Cristóbal Pérez, Walther Caminati
The rotational spectra of two isotopologues of the 1:1 complex between acetone and ethanol have been recorded and analyzed using Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy. Only one rotamer was detected, in which ethanol adopts a gauche form. The two subunits are linked together by a conventional O-H···O and a weak C-H···O hydrogen bond inserted in a six-membered ring. Each rotational transition is split into five component lines due to the internal rotations of two non-equivalent acetone methyl groups...
June 13, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608411/interleaved-epi-diffusion-imaging-using-spirit-based-reconstruction-with-virtual-coil-compression
#20
Zijing Dong, Fuyixue Wang, Xiaodong Ma, Zhe Zhang, Erpeng Dai, Chun Yuan, Hua Guo
PURPOSE: To develop a novel diffusion imaging reconstruction framework based on iterative self-consistent parallel imaging reconstruction (SPIRiT) for multishot interleaved echo planar imaging (iEPI), with computation acceleration by virtual coil compression. METHODS: As a general approach for autocalibrating parallel imaging, SPIRiT improves the performance of traditional generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA) methods in that the formulation with self-consistency is better conditioned, suggesting SPIRiT to be a better candidate in k-space-based reconstruction...
June 12, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
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