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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245169/-mistakes-and-drawbacks-in-german-newspaper-articles-on-epidemiologic-studies-meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-as-an-example
#1
Bernd Kowall, Andreas Stang
Background Results of epidemiologic studies are often reported in the media because they are of vital interest for many people. Using the example of meat consumption and colorectal cancer, we investigated whether results of epidemiologic studies are reported in an understandable and correct manner in German newspapers and magazines. Methods We gathered all articles published in 13 selected German newspapers and magazines that referred to a press release on meat consumption and colorectal cancer issued by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) on October 26th 2015...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242772/fungal-nomenclature-evolving-changes-adopted-by-the-19th-international-botanical-congress-in-shenzhen-2017-and-procedures-for-the-fungal-nomenclature-session-at-the-11th-international-mycological-congress-in-puerto-rico-2018
#2
David L Hawksworth, Tom W May, Scott A Redhead
This article summarizes the key changes in the rules relating to the nomenclature of fungi made at the XIX International Botanical Congress in Shenzhen, China, in July 2017. Most significant was the decision to transfer decision-making on matters related only to the naming of fungi from International Botanical to International Mycological Congresses (IMCs). The rules relating to fungi are to be grouped together in a separate section of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN)...
December 2017: IMA Fungus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242749/setting-the-research-and-implementation-agenda-for-equitable-access-to-surgical-care-in-south-africa
#3
REVIEW
Sarah Rayne, Sule Burger, Stephanie Van Straten, Bruce Biccard, Mathume Joseph Phaahla, Martin Smith
South Africa is an upper-middle-income country with widespread social and geographical inequality of surgical provision. The National Forum on Surgery and Anaesthesia in South Africa brought together various stakeholders, including government, societies, academic clinicians and the biomedical industry, to define the core strategy for a national surgical plan. During the forum, presentations and breakaway workshops explored and reported the challenges and opportunities these stakeholders may have in sustaining and improving surgical provision in South Africa...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241750/historical-perspectives-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#4
Eiji Oda
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) or insulin resistance syndrome is a constellation of obesity-related metabolic derangements predisposing to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In 1998, WHO defined the first criteria of MetS. Three years later, the user-friendly National Cholesterol Education Program criteria of MetS were proposed. Different criteria were issued by the International Diabetes Federation in 2005, making abdominal obesity a necessary component. Several international societies, including The International Diabetes Federation, jointly adopted the revised National Cholesterol Education Program criteria as harmonizing criteria of MetS in 2009...
January 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241503/psychometric-properties-of-belief-measures-about-osteoporosis-and-its-control
#5
Lacey Alexander, Piyaorn Wajanatinapart, Diane Lauver
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Osteoporosis (OP) is a chronic health condition with potentially serious consequences. Although preventive behaviors are important to control OP, many people do not engage in such behaviors. Although beliefs about preventive behaviors for OP influence such behaviors, we could not find psychometrically strong measures of such beliefs for use in planned research. Our initial study was done to assess the content validity, clarity, and internal consistency of belief measures regarding behaviors to control OP: perceived competence, perceived susceptibility, and perceived severity, based on relevant theories...
December 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237907/long-noncoding-rna-activated-by-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-promotes-cancer-development-and-is-a-prognostic-marker-in-cervical-cancer
#6
Weichun Cao, Tianfang Peng, Yi Zhou
BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been highlighted as crucial elements in cancer biology. LncRNA activated by transforming growth factor-β (ATB) was identified to promote the development of multiple cancers and may serve as a potential therapeutic target in human cancers. However, to the best of our knowledge, the functional role of ATB in cervical cancer has not been verified yet. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of lncRNA ATB was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay in cervical cancer cell lines and clinical specimens...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236362/implementation-of-repeat-hiv-testing-during-pregnancy-in-southwestern-kenya-progress-and-missed-opportunities
#7
Anna J Rogers, Eliud Akama, Elly Weke, Justin Blackburn, George Owino, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Patrick Oyaro, Zachary A Kwena, Craig R Cohen, Janet M Turan
INTRODUCTION: Repeat HIV testing during the late antenatal period is crucial to identify and initiate treatment for pregnant women with incident HIV infection to prevent perinatal HIV transmission and keep mothers alive. In 2012, the Kenya Ministry of Health adopted international guidelines suggesting that pregnant women be offered retesting three months after an initial negative HIV test. Our objectives were to determine the current rate of antenatal repeat HIV testing; identify successes, missed opportunities and factors associated with retesting; and estimate the incidence of HIV during pregnancy...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236294/acute-myeloid-leukemia-and-myelodysplastic-syndrome-after-adjuvant-chemotherapy-a-population-based-study-among-older-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Aron S Rosenstock, Jiangong Niu, Sharon H Giordano, Hui Zhao, Antonio C Wolff, Mariana Chavez-MacGregor
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy for early breast cancer is associated with a small risk of developing myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and/or acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The aim of this study was to determine the risk of developing AML or MDS after modern adjuvant chemotherapy in older breast cancer patients and to further define the risk of individual chemotherapy regimens. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with stage I to III breast cancer from 2003 to 2009 were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare and Texas Cancer Registry-Medicare linked databases...
December 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234940/st-gallen-consensus-on-safe-implementation-of-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision
#9
Michel Adamina, Nicolas C Buchs, Marta Penna, Roel Hompes
BACKGROUND: The management of rectal cancer has evolved over the years, including the recent rise of Transanal Total Mesorectal Excision (TaTME). TaTME addresses the limitations created by the bony confines of the pelvis, bulky tumours, and fatty mesorectum, particularly for low rectal cancers. However, guidance is required to ensure safe implementation and to avoid the pitfalls and potential major morbidity encountered by the early adopters of TaTME. We report a broad international consensus statement, which provides a basis for optimal clinical practice...
December 12, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233609/development-of-a-template-to-facilitate-reflection-among-student-pharmacists
#10
Rhian Deslandes, Cherie Lucas, Mary Louise Hughes, Efi Mantzourani
BACKGROUND: Reflective practice activities utilizing appropriate tools enhance learning during and after experiential placements. Reflective tools described in the literature, used to support students on traditional placements of a duration of at least two weeks, sit at the unstructured end of a continuum (completely unstructured to just minimal structure). Additionally, non-traditional settings in role-emerging placements are of value as an alternative for experiential education. There were no reflective tools in the literature to provide a means of supporting pharmacy students as novice reflectors in non-traditional settings...
December 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233072/improving-the-development-monitoring-and-reporting-of-stroke-rehabilitation-research-consensus-based-core-recommendations-from-the-stroke-recovery-and-rehabilitation-roundtable
#11
Marion F Walker, Tammy C Hoffmann, Marian C Brady, Catherine M Dean, Janice J Eng, Amanda J Farrin, Cynthia Felix, Anne Forster, Peter Langhorne, Elizabeth A Lynch, Kathryn A Radford, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Caroline L Watkins
Recent reviews have demonstrated that the quality of stroke rehabilitation research has continued to improve over the last four decades but despite this progress, there are still many barriers in moving the field forward. Rigorous development, monitoring and complete reporting of interventions in stroke trials are essential in providing rehabilitation evidence that is robust, meaningful and implementable. An international partnership of stroke rehabilitation experts committed to develop consensus-based core recommendations with a remit of addressing the issues identified as limiting stroke rehabilitation research in the areas of developing, monitoring and reporting stroke rehabilitation interventions...
October 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232827/setting-housing-standards-to-improve-global-health
#12
Philippa Howden-Chapman, Nathalie Roebbel, Elinor Chisholm
Developing World Health Organization international guidelines is a highly formal process. Yet the resulting guidelines, which Member States are encouraged, but not required to adopt, are a powerful way of developing rigorous policy and fostering implementation. Using the example of the housing and health guidelines, which are currently being finalised, this paper outlines the process for developing WHO guidelines. This includes: forming a Guidelines Review Group that represents all regions of the world, and ensures gender balance and technical expertise; identifying key health outcomes of interest; commissioning systematic reviews of the evidence; assessing the evidence; and formulating recommendations...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231790/uptake-of-postabortion-care-services-and-acceptance-of-postabortion-contraception-in-puntland-somalia
#13
Kingsley Chukwumalu, Meghan C Gallagher, Sabine Baunach, Amy Cannon
Unsafe abortion is responsible for at least 9% of all maternal deaths worldwide; however, in humanitarian emergencies where health systems are weak and reproductive health services are often unavailable or disrupted, this figure is higher. In Puntland, Somalia, Save the Children International (SCI) implemented postabortion care (PAC) services to address the issue of high maternal morbidity and mortality due to unsafe abortion. Abortion is explicitly permitted by Somali law to save the life of a woman, but remains a sensitive topic due to religious and social conservatism that exists in the region...
December 12, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231587/-clinical-study-of-post-stroke-upper-limb-spasmodic-hemiplegia-treated-with-jingou-diaoyu-needling-technique-and-bobath-therapy
#14
Runjie Sun, Liang Tian, Xiaoli Fang, Xiaozheng Du, Bowen Zhu, Zhongyang Song, Xuan Xu, Xiaoguang Qin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference in the clinical efficacy on post-stroke upper limb spasmodic hemiplegia between the combined therapy of jingou diaoyu needling technique and Bobath technology and simple Bobath technology. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. The usual medication of neurological internal medicine was used in the two groups. In the control group, Bobath facilitation technology was applied to the rehabilitation training...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231538/-establishing-the-acupuncture-moxibustion-clinical-trial-registry-and-improving-the-transparence-of-clinical-trials-of-acupuncture-and-moxibustion
#15
Yali Liu, Liyun He, Jia Liu, Xingyue Yang, Dongning Yan, Xin Wang, Lin Luo, Hongjiao Li, Shiyan Yan, Tiancai Wen, Wenjing Bai, Taixiang Wu, Baoyan Liu
As a kind of intervention measures of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture-moxibustion is highly adopted on global clinical practice. Even though the global clinical trial registration system was established more than 10 years ago, the proportion of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trial registration is still very low; and it is very problematic on the methodological quality and report quality in the published acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials. In order to manage particularly the acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, collaborated with China Association of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and World Federation of Acupuncture Societies, established the Acupuncture-Moxibustion Clinical Trail Registry (AMCTR)...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231446/-the-indications-of-acupuncture-moxibustion-in-china-state-compiled-textbooks
#16
Weijuan Gang, Xiaodong Wu, Fang Wang, Xin Wang
The Acupuncture-moxibustion and Acupuncture-moxibustion therapy have been the state-compiled textbooks of acupuncture-moxibustion in colleges and universities of TCM for nearly more than half a century, which play a regulating and guiding role for acupuncture education and to a certain extent represent the development status of this discipline. The indications included in Acupuncture-moxibustion from 1th edition to 7th edition and Acupuncture-moxibustion therapy from 1th edition to 3rd edition were analyzed in this study, which was aimed to basically reflect the current situation of acupuncture indications...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231280/modeling-of-a-c-end-rule-peptide-adsorbed-onto-gold-nanoparticles
#17
Jordi Triguero, Alejandra Flores-Ortega, David Zanuy, Carlos Alemán
The RPAR peptide, a prototype C-end Rule (CendR) sequence that binds to neuropilin-1 (NRP-1), has potential therapeutic uses as internalization trigger in anticancer nanodevices. Recently, the functionalization of gold nanoparticles with CendR peptides has been proved to be a successful strategy to target the NRP-1 receptor in prostate cancer cells. In this work, we investigate the influence of two gold surface facets, (100) and (111), on the conformational preferences of RPAR using molecular dynamics simulations...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230800/negotiating-quality-standards-for-effective-delivery-of-labor-and-childbirth-care-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#18
Olufemi T Oladapo, Meghan A Bohren, Bukola Fawole, Kidza Mugerwa, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Musibau A Titiloye, Francis E Alu, Musana O Mambya, Lawal Oyeneyin, Salim Bataale, Adesina Akintan, Olubunmi Alabi, Amos Adebayo, Ola Okike, Hadiza A Idris, Sanni Wilfred, Halima Bello, David Kyaddondo, Akinpelu O Olutayo, Josaphat Byamugisha, Joao Paulo Souza, A Metin Gülmezoglu
OBJECTIVE: "Negotiated standards" describe a level of quality of care that is acceptable and achievable within a specific health system, based on consensus between key stakeholders. This paper presents the development of negotiated standards for effective labor and childbirth care in selected hospitals and communities in Nigeria and Uganda. METHODS: A four-step development process involving different methodologies. The process included: (1) review and synthesis of internationally recognized intrapartum clinical principles and practices; (2) primary qualitative research to assess values and preferences of women and healthcare providers, and practices that align with these preferences; (3) draft contextualization of effective and ineffective behaviors to reflect values and preferences; and (4) WHO-mediated negotiations between relevant stakeholders, including community members, providers, and administrators...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229317/team-based-simulations-for-new-surgeons-does-early-and-often-make-a-difference
#19
Kareem R AbdelFattah, M Chance Spalding, David Leshikar, Aimee K Gardner
BACKGROUND: Current work hour restrictions and the expansion of requirements for surgery residents has led to decreased time on high-acuity rotations such as trauma and acute care surgery. In an effort to improve resident competency, we examined the efficacy of a new team-based trauma curriculum for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents. METHODS: After completing required Advanced Trauma Life Support certification, PGY1s participated in a series of trauma simulations in 3-person teams from June to August...
December 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226826/prostate-magnetic-resonance-imaging-interpretation-varies-substantially-across-radiologists
#20
Geoffrey A Sonn, Richard E Fan, Pejman Ghanouni, Nancy N Wang, James D Brooks, Andreas M Loening, Bruce L Daniel, Katherine J To'o, Alan E Thong, John T Leppert
BACKGROUND: Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) interpreted by experts is a powerful tool for diagnosing prostate cancer. However, the generalizability of published results across radiologists of varying expertise has not been verified. OBJECTIVE: To assess variability in mpMRI reporting and diagnostic accuracy across radiologists of varying experience in routine clinical care. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Men who underwent mpMRI and MR-fusion biopsy between 2014-2016...
December 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
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