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international adoption

Gleim Dias de Souza, Luciana Rodrigues Queiroz Souza, Ronaldo Máfia Cuenca, Bárbara Stephane de Medeiros Jerônimo, Guilherme Medeiros de Souza, Vinícius Martins Vilela
Introduction: Contrast computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are widely used due to its image quality and ability to study pancreatic and peripancreatic morphology. The understanding of the various subtypes of the disease and identification of possible complications requires a familiarity with the terminology, which allows effective communication between the different members of the multidisciplinary team. Aim: Demonstrate the terminology and parameters to identify the different classifications and findings of the disease based on the international consensus for acute pancreatitis ( Atlanta Classification 2012)...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Sean R Williamson, Brett Delahunt, Cristina Magi-Galluzzi, Ferran Algaba, Lars Egevad, Thomas M Ulbright, Satish K Tickoo, John R Srigley, Jonathan I Epstein, Daniel M Berney
Since the last World Health Organization (WHO) Classification scheme for tumours of the urinary tract and male genital organs, there have been a number of advances in the understanding, classification, immunohistochemistry, and genetics of testicular germ cell tumours. The updated 2016 draft classification was discussed at an International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) Consultation on Testicular and Penile Cancer. This review addresses the main updates to germ cell tumour classification. Major changes include a pathogenetically derived classification using germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS) as a new name for the precursor lesion, as well as distinction of prepubertal (non-GCNIS-derived) from postpubertal-type tumours (GCNIS-derived), acknowledging the existence of rare benign prepubertal-type teratomas in the postpubertal testis...
October 17, 2016: Histopathology
Joaquín Valle Alonso, Francisco Javier Fonseca Del Pozo, Manuel Vaquero Álvarez, Elisa Lopera Lopera, Marisol Garcia Segura, Ricardo García Arévalo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To compare two scales for assessment of patients with mild head injury. The Canadian CT Head Rule (CCHR) and New Orleans Criteria (NOC) according to their diagnostic accuracy in patients attending an emergency department, and to determine the most important predictive values. METHOD: Cross-sectional study in a first-level Hospital in the period of January 2011 to January 2013. Patients with mild head injury criteria were included. All the patients underwent a computed tomography (CT) of the head as part of internal protocol and the CCHR and NOC criteria were recorded for each patient...
October 10, 2016: Medicina Clínica
Zain A Husain, Tiange Chen, Christopher D Corso, Zoheng Wang, Henry Park, Benjamin Judson, Wendell Yarbrough, Hari Deshpande, Saral Mehra, Phoebe Kuo, Roy H Decker, Barbara A Burtness
Importance: The current American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control (AJCC/UICC) staging system, developed for human papillomavirus (HPV)-unrelated disease, discriminates poorly when applied to HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer (OPSCC), leading to calls for a new staging system. Objective: To compare the prognostic ability of the AJCC/UICC seventh edition staging system; a recently proposed system, the International Collaboration on Oropharyngeal Cancer Network for Staging (ICON-S); and a novel objectively derived system for HPV-related OPSCC using a national database of patients primarily treated with either radiation or surgery...
October 13, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Craig Cumming, Lakkhina Troeung, Jesse T Young, Erin Kelty, David B Preen
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine use is associated with a range of poor health, social and justice outcomes. In many parts of the world increased methamphetamine use has been identified as a major public health concern. Methamphetamine treatment programmes have been effective in reducing and ceasing use, however a range of barriers have prevented these programmes being widely adopted by methamphetamine users. This review examines the barriers to accessing meth/amphetamine treatment identified in the literature...
October 6, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Sara Ferreira, Marco Amorim, Antonio Couto
OBJECTIVE: Traffic crashes result in a loss of life but also impact the quality of life and productivity of crash survivors. Given the importance of traffic crash outcomes, the issue has received attention from researchers and practitioners as well as government institutions, such as the European Commission (EC). Thus, to obtain detailed information on the injury type and severity of crash victims, hospital data have been proposed for use alongside police crash records. A new injury severity classification based on hospital data, named the maximum abbreviated injury scale (MAIS), was developed and recently adopted by the EC...
October 13, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Dominique Farge, Henri Bounameaux, Benjamin Brenner, Francis Cajfinger, Philippe Debourdeau, Alok A Khorana, Ingrid Pabinger, Susan Solymoss, James Douketis, Ajay Kakkar
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the second leading cause of death in patients with cancer. These patients are at an increased risk of developing VTE and are more likely to have a recurrence of VTE and bleeding while taking anticoagulants. Management of VTE in patients with cancer is a major therapeutic challenge and remains suboptimal worldwide. In 2013, the International Initiative on Thrombosis and Cancer (ITAC-CME), established to reduce the global burden of VTE in patients with cancer, published international guidelines for the treatment and prophylaxis of VTE and central venous catheter-associated thrombosis...
October 2016: Lancet Oncology
Kimberley Collins, David Shiffman, Jenny Rock
Social media has created networked communication channels that facilitate interactions and allow information to proliferate within professional academic communities as well as in informal social circumstances. A significant contemporary discussion in the field of science communication is how scientists are using (or might use) social media to communicate their research. This includes the role of social media in facilitating the exchange of knowledge internally within and among scientific communities, as well as externally for outreach to engage the public...
2016: PloS One
Sonja Vogt, Nadia Ahmed Mohmmed Zaid, Hilal El Fadil Ahmed, Ernst Fehr, Charles Efferson
As globalization brings people with incompatible attitudes into contact, cultural conflicts inevitably arise. Little is known about how to mitigate conflict and about how the conflicts that occur can shape the cultural evolution of the groups involved. Female genital cutting is a prominent example. Governments and international agencies have promoted the abandonment of cutting for decades, but the practice remains widespread with associated health risks for millions of girls and women. In their efforts to end cutting, international agents have often adopted the view that cutting is locally pervasive and entrenched...
October 12, 2016: Nature
Kasey Stanton, David C Rozek, Sara M Stasik-O'Brien, Stephanie Ellickson-Larew, David Watson
Although personality and emotion regulation abilities appear to overlap considerably, few studies have adopted an integrative approach by examining personality and emotion regulation together. Therefore, it is unclear how much incremental power emotion regulation demonstrates in predicting psychopathology beyond personality traits, and vice versa. Results from a community sample characterized by high levels of psychopathology (N = 299) indicated that personality and emotion regulation represent strongly related but distinguishable constructs, with both showing incremental power beyond the other in many cases in predicting self-reported and interview-rated psychopathology...
October 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Vivian Tam, Jennifer S Edge, Steven J Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Shortages of health workers in low-income countries are exacerbated by the international migration of health workers to more affluent countries. This problem is compounded by the active recruitment of health workers by destination countries, particularly Australia, Canada, UK and USA. The World Health Organization (WHO) adopted a voluntary Code of Practice in May 2010 to mitigate tensions between health workers' right to migrate and the shortage of health workers in source countries...
October 12, 2016: Globalization and Health
Sara Van Belle, Susannah H Mayhew
BACKGROUND: Improving public accountability is currently high on the global agenda. At the same time, the organisation of health services in low- and middle-income countries is taking place in fragmented institutional landscapes. State and non-state actors are involved in increasingly complex governance arrangements. This often leads to coordination problems, confusion of roles and responsibilities and possibly accountability gaps. This study aimed at assessing the governance arrangements and the accountability practices of key health actors at the level of a Ghanaian health district with the aim to understand how far public accountability is achieved...
October 12, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Clélia M Bianchi, Jean-François Huneau, Gaëlle Le Goff, Eric O Verger, François Mariotti, Patricia Gurviez
BACKGROUND: From a life course perspective, pregnancy leads to a rise in nutrition awareness and an increase in information flow in favour of adopting healthier eating behaviours. This qualitative study was designed to better understand the determinants of eating behaviours in French pregnant women by focusing on their concerns, attitudes and beliefs and their nutrition-related information seeking practices. METHODS: Seven focus groups were conducted, involving a total of 40 French pregnant women...
October 12, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mary Dozier, Caroline K P Roben, E B Caron, Julie Hoye, Kristin Bernard
In this paper, we highlight issues we consider key to the development of an evidence-based intervention for the parents of young children who had experienced early adversity. The intervention was initially developed for foster infants, but adapted for infants living with their neglecting parents, then for young children adopted internationally, and finally for toddlers in foster care or living with neglecting birth parents. The intervention and its adaptations share a focus on the importance of providing nurturance to children when they are distressed, and following children's lead when they are not distressed...
October 11, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Nikolaos A Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Panagiotis Dedeilias, Michalis Argiriou, Christos Charitos
A hybrid strategy, firstly performed in the 1990s, is a combination of tools available only in the catheterization laboratory with those available only in the operating room in order to minimize surgical morbidity and face with any cardiovascular lesion. The continuous evolution of stent technology along with the adoption of minimally invasive surgical approaches, make hybrid approaches an attractive alternative to standard surgical or transcatheter techniques for any given set of cardiovascular lesions. Examples include hybrid coronary revascularization, when an open surgical anastomosis of the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery is performed along with stent implantation in non-left anterior descending coronary vessels, open heart valve surgery combined with percutaneous coronary interventions to coronary lesions, hybrid aortic arch debranching combined with endovascular grafting for thoracic aortic aneurysms, hybrid endocardial and epicardial atrial fibrillation procedures, and carotid artery stenting along with coronary artery bypass grafting...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Imran N Ahmad, Salman Assad, Muhammad Rahman, Haider Ghazanfar
PURPOSE:   This study summarizes a four-year experience from the analysis of hematolymphoid malignancies in Pakistani population using a database of six-colored flow cytometry. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 323 specimens of hematolymphoid malignancies using six-colored flow cytometry (FC) was carried out in Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan from June 2012 to June 2016. The criterion for specimen adequacy was that the cases have abnormal populations by FC, and the specimen age (time from biopsy to being examined by the six-color FC tube) of three days or less was to be included in the study...
September 1, 2016: Curēus
Nancy J Scherer, Shauna Baker, Ann Kaiser, Jennifer R Frey
OBJECTIVE:   This study compares the early speech and language development of children with cleft palate with or without cleft lip who were adopted internationally with children born in the United States. DESIGN:   Prospective longitudinal description of early speech and language development between 18 and 36 months of age. PARTICIPANTS:   This study compares four children (age range = 19 to 38 months) with cleft palate with or without cleft lip who were adopted internationally with four children (age range = 19 to 38 months) with cleft palate with or without cleft lip who were born in the United States, matched for age, gender, and cleft type across three time points over 10 to 12 months...
October 10, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Emre Bukusoglu, Xiaoguang Wang, Ye Zhou, José A Martínez-González, Mohammad Rahimi, Qi Wang, Juan J de Pablo, Nicholas L Abbott
We report on the internal configurations of aqueous dispersions of droplets of cholesteric liquid crystals (LCs; 5-50 μm-in-diameter; comprised of 4-cyano-4'-pentylbiphenyl and 4-(1-methylheptyloxycarbonyl)phenyl-4-hexyloxybenzoate) and their influence on the positioning of surface-adsorbed colloids (0.2 or 1 μm-in-diameter polystyrene (PS)). When N = 2D/P was less than 4, where D is the droplet diameter and P is the cholesteric pitch, the droplets adopted a twisted bipolar structure (TBS) and colloids were observed to assume positions at either the poles or equator of the droplets...
October 5, 2016: Soft Matter
Joseph D Orkin, Yuming Yang, Chunyan Yang, Douglas W Yu, Xuelong Jiang
Recently, detection dogs have been utilized to collect fecal samples from cryptic and rare mammals. Despite the great promise of this technique for conservation biology, its broader application has been limited by the high cost (tens to hundreds of thousands of dollars) and logistical challenges of employing a scat-detection dog team while conducting international, collaborative research. Through an international collaboration of primatologists and the Chinese Ministry of Public Security, we trained and used a detection dog to find scat from three species of unhabituated, free-ranging primates, for less than $3,000...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Andrew J Hogan
The Asilomar conference on genetic engineering in 1975 has long been pointed to by scientists as a model for internal regulation and public engagement. In 2015, the organizers of the International Summit on Human Gene Editing in Washington, DC looked to Asilomar as they sought to address the implications of the new CRISPR gene editing technique. Like at Asilomar, the conveners chose to limit the discussion to a narrow set of potential CRISPR applications, involving inheritable human genome editing. The adoption by scientists in 2015 of an Asilomar-like script for discussing genetic engineering offers historians the opportunity to analyze the adjustments that have been made since 1975, and to identify the blind spots that remain in public engagement...
October 5, 2016: Endeavour
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