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HIV-related lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467806/isolated-abducens-palsy-heralding-occult-human-immunodeficiency-virus-related-lymphoma
#1
Brandon J Baartman, Chrysavgi Adamopoulou
A 40-year-old African American man with recently diagnosed Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) presented with isolated left abducens palsy. Initial neuro-imaging and laboratory evaluation, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, were unremarkable. Continued search for causative aetiology revealed systemic lymphoma diagnosed ultimately by bone marrow biopsy. Systemic lymphoma is commonly encountered in the HIV patient population, but presentation can be unusual and has been seen, albeit rarely, in the setting of isolated cranial neuropathy...
February 2018: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461329/cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-living-with-hiv
#2
Julia Bohlius, Caroline Foster, Gita Naidu, Mazvita Sengayi, Anna Turkova
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adults living with HIV have an increased risk of malignancy yet there is little data for adolescents and young adults. We reviewed recently published cancer epidemiology, treatment, and outcome data for adolescents and young adults living with HIV (AYALHIV) aged 10 to less than 25 years between 2016 and 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: AYALHIV are at increased risk of developing cancer compared to their uninfected peers. Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma occur most frequently with variation by geographical region...
February 15, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460518/prevalence-of-hiv-related-oral-manifestations-and-their-association-with-haart-and-cd4-t-cell-count-a-review
#3
L Ottria, D Lauritano, L Oberti, V Candotto, F Cura, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
HIV infection is one of the major health problem of the last decades. This disease causes a chronic infection that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). According to the Global AIDS update, released in 2016 by HIV department of World Health Organization (WHO) and by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), at the end of 2015, 36.7 million people were infected by HIV: 34.9 million of these were adults and 1.8 million were children under 15 years of age. The same report shows that during 2015, 2...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439188/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-relapses-in-hiv-associated-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-as-observed-in-the-german-hiv-related-lymphoma-cohort-study
#4
Philipp Schommers, Daniel Gillor, Marcus Hentrich, Christoph Wyen, Timo Wolf, Mark Oette, Alexander Zoufaly, Jan-Christian Wasmuth, Johannes R Bogner, Marcus Müller, Stefan Esser, Alisa Schleicher, Bjöern Jensen, Albrecht Stoehr, Georg Behrens, Alexander Schultze, Jan Siehl, Jan Thoden, Ninon Taylor, Christian Hoffmann
Outcome of HIV-infected patients with AIDS-related lymphomas has improved during recent years. However, data on incidence, risk factors, and outcome of relapses in AIDS-related lymphomas after achieving complete remission are still limited. This prospective observational multicenter study includes HIV-infected patients with biopsy- or cytology proven malignant lymphomas since 2005. Data on HIV infection and lymphoma characteristics, treatment and outcome were recorded. For this analysis, AIDS-related lymphomas patients in complete remission were analyzed in terms of their relapse-free survival and potential risk factors for relapses...
February 8, 2018: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427399/the-utility-of-bone-marrow-sampling-in-the-diagnosis-and-staging-of-lymphoma-in-south-africa
#5
L Phillips, J Opie
INTRODUCTION: The bone marrow biopsy (BMB) is a diagnostic and staging tool in lymphoma that remains practically useful and relevant in resource-constrained settings, despite restricted applications in international staging guidelines, which favour less invasive nuclear medicine techniques. METHODS: Retrospective laboratory data review of BMBs in adult lymphoma patients from 2005 to 2010 to determine subtypes, rates of bone marrow involvement (BMI), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence and CD4 counts, trephine length and additional findings...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424776/a-prospective-study-of-serum-microbial-translocation-biomarkers-and-risk-of-aids-related-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#6
Marta Epeldegui, Larry Magpantay, Yu Guo, Gordana Halec, William G Cumberland, Priscilla K Yen, Bernard Macatangay, Joseph B Margolick, Anne F Rositch, Steven Wolinsky, Otoniel Martinez-Maza, Shehnaz K Hussain
: Chronic immune activation is a harbinger of AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (AIDS-NHL), yet the underlying basis is unclear. Microbial translocation, the passage of microbial components from the gastrointestinal tract into the systemic circulation, is a source of systemic immune activation in HIV infection and may be an important contributor to the chronic B-cell activation and subsequent AIDS-NHL development. We measured biomarkers of microbial translocation including bacterial receptors/antibodies, intestinal barrier proteins, and macrophage activation-associated cytokines/chemokines, in serum from 200 HIV-infected men from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study prior to their AIDS-NHL diagnosis (mean = 3...
February 8, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421668/first-report-of-sporadic-cases-of-candida-auris-in-colombia
#7
Claudia M Parra-Giraldo, Sandra L Valderrama, Gloria Cortes-Fraile, Javier R Garzón, Beatriz E Ariza, Florent Morio, Melva Y Linares-Linares, Andrés Ceballos-Garzón, Alejandro de la Hoz, Catalina Hernandez, Carlos Alvarez-Moreno, Patrice Le Pape
BACKGROUND: Candida auris is a recently reported Candida species which is phenotypically similar to Candida haemulonii and related to hospital outbreaks. This organism can be misidentified as C. haemulonii, C. famata, C. catenulata or Rhodotorula glutinis by phenotypic approaches. MALDI-TOF MS and DNA sequence analysis using ITS rDNA barcoding provide an accurate identification. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Three cases of C. auris infection in patients with risk factors for fungal infection (Admitted to the intensive care unit, lymphoma and HIV respectively, all three with previous antibiotic use) and not epidemiologically related...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397834/-clinical-analysis-of-10-cases-of-aids-complicated-with-lymphoma
#8
Qiang Pei, Xiao Han, Yan Zhang, Wei Zhang, Dao-Bin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and treatment of the patients with AIDS- related lymphoma (ARL). METHODS: The clinical data, pathology, treatment and prognosis of patients with ARL were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Among 10 cases of ARL, 9 were male and 1 was female. The median age was 42 years old. Lymphoma occurred in 6 patients after diagnosis as AIDS, and treatment for 7-48 months, 1 case among which was diagnosed but not treated, then the lymphomatous symptions appeared after 48 months; 3 patients were found to have HIV infection during the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma...
February 2018: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357988/gesida-pethema-recommendations-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lymphomas-in-patients-infected-by-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#9
Pilar Miralles, José Tomás Navarro, Juan Berenguer, José Gómez Codina, Mi Kwon, David Serrano, José Luis Díez-Martín, Salvador Villà, Rafael Rubio, Javier Menárguez, José-María Ribera Santasusana
The incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma is higher in patients with HIV infection than in the general population. Following the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), the prognostic significance of HIV-related variables has decreased, and lymphoma-related factors have become more pronounced. Currently, treatments for lymphomas in HIV-infected patients do not differ from those used in the general population. However, differentiating characteristics of seropositive patients, such as the need for cART and specific prophylaxis and treatment of certain opportunistic infections, should be considered...
January 18, 2018: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342442/hiv-related-refractory-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-report-of-complete-response-to-nivolumab
#10
Elaine Chang, Gustavo Rivero, Niraj R Patel, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Syeling Lai, Kelash Bajaj, John E Mbue, Sarvari V Yellapragada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2018: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334197/increased-non-aids-mortality-among-persons-with-aids-defining-events-after-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation
#11
April C Pettit, Mark J Giganti, Suzanne M Ingle, Margaret T May, Bryan E Shepherd, Michael J Gill, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Sophie Abgrall, Michael S Saag, Julia Del Amo, Amy C Justice, Jose M Miro, Matthias Cavasinni, François Dabis, Antonella D Monforte, Peter Reiss, Jodie Guest, David Moore, Leah Shepherd, Niels Obel, Heidi M Crane, Colette Smith, Ramon Teira, Robert Zangerle, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Timothy R Sterling
INTRODUCTION: HIV-1 infection leads to chronic inflammation and to an increased risk of non-AIDS mortality. Our objective was to determine whether AIDS-defining events (ADEs) were associated with increased overall and cause-specific non-AIDS related mortality after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. METHODS: We included HIV treatment-naïve adults from the Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC) who initiated ART from 1996 to 2014. Causes of death were assigned using the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) protocol...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320814/genotypic-identification-of-cystoisospora-in-immunocompromised-patients-using-tm-variation-analysis
#12
Maha M A Basyoni, Hany Ahmed Fouad Elghobary
Cystoisospora is responsible for morbidity in immunocompromised patients. PCR is sensitive for diagnosing Cystoisospora; however, it needs reevaluation for differential molecular diagnosis of cystoisosporiasis. We aimed at evaluating melting curve analysis (MCA) after real-time PCR (qPCR) in diagnosis and genotyping of Cystoisospora as an alternative to conventional PCR. We included 293 diarrheic stool samples of patients attending the Department of Clinical Oncology and Nuclear Medicine of Cairo University Hospitals, Egypt...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297171/treatment-of-hiv-associated-lymphomas-the-latest-approaches-for-optimizing-outcomes
#13
REVIEW
Natasha B Hunter, Samantha Vogt, Richard F Ambinder
Treatment outcomes for patients with HIV-related lymphoma have improved since the advent of combination antiretroviral therapy. Standard regimens, including intensive regimens, are being used with encouraging results in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and primary central nervous system lymphoma. Approaches to salvage therapy also parallel those used in patients without HIV infection, including autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant. Drug interactions with particular antiretrovirals warrant close attention...
December 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262289/excess-clinical-comorbidity-among-hiv-infected-patients-accessing-primary-care-in-us-community-health-centers
#14
Kenneth H Mayer, Stephanie Loo, Phillip M Crawford, Heidi M Crane, Michael Leo, Paul DenOuden, Magda Houlberg, Mark Schmidt, Thu Quach, Sebastian Ruhs, Meredith Vandermeer, Chris Grasso, Mary Ann McBurnie
OBJECTIVES: As the life expectancy of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has increased, the spectrum of illness has evolved. We evaluated whether people living with HIV accessing primary care in US community health centers had higher morbidity compared with HIV-uninfected patients receiving care at the same sites. METHODS: We compared data from electronic health records for 12 837 HIV-infected and 227 012 HIV-uninfected patients to evaluate the relative prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and malignancies by HIV serostatus...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209924/treatment-of-sporadic-burkitt-lymphoma-in-adults-a-retrospective-comparison-of-four-treatment-regimens
#15
L E M Oosten, M E D Chamuleau, F W Thielen, L C de Wreede, C Siemes, J K Doorduijn, O S Smeekes, M J Kersten, L Hardi, J W Baars, A M P Demandt, W B C Stevens, M Nijland, G W van Imhoff, R Brouwer, C A Uyl-de Groot, P M Kluin, D de Jong, H Veelken
Burkitt lymphoma is an aggressive B cell malignancy accounting for 1-2% of all adult lymphomas. Treatment with dose-intensive, multi-agent chemotherapy is effective but associated with considerable toxicity. In this observational study, we compared real-world efficacy, toxicity, and costs of four frequently employed treatment strategies for Burkitt lymphoma: the Lymphome Malins B (LMB), the Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM), the HOVON, and the CODOX-M/IVAC regimens. We collected data from 147 adult patients treated in eight referral centers...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190181/identifying-opportunities-to-bridge-disparity-gaps-in-curing-childhood-cancer-in-malawi-malignancies-with-excellent-curative-potential-account-for-the-majority-of-diagnoses
#16
Nader Kim El-Mallawany, Peter Wasswa, Idah Mtete, Mercy Mutai, Christopher C Stanley, Mary Mtunda, Mary Chasela, Atupele Mpasa, Stella Wachepa, William Kamiyango, Jimmy Villiera, Peter N Kazembe, Parth S Mehta
The majority of African children with cancer die without access to resources. We describe efforts to build a public treatment program with curative intent for childhood cancer in Lilongwe, Malawi despite severe limitations in diagnostic and therapeutic resources. We retrospectively analyzed a cohort of childhood cancer patients at Kamuzu Central Hospital from 12/2011-6/2013. Consistently available chemotherapeutic agents were limited to cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, bleomycin, methotrexate, and prednisone...
November 30, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187222/unusual-presentation-of-plasmablastic-lymphoma-involving-ovarian-mature-cystic-teratoma-a-case-report
#17
Ita Hadžisejdić, Emina Babarović, Luka Vranić, Antica Duletić Načinović, Ksenija Lučin, Maja Krašević, Nives Jonjić
BACKGROUND: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is relatively new clinical entity described as a distinct subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). It is characterized by its aggressive nature and proliferation of large neoplastic cells resembling immunoblasts including cells with more obvious plasmacytic differentiation. In this case report, we describe an unexpected finding of PBL associated with a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary in a young immune competent woman. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year old woman was admitted to the hospital with generalized lymphadenopathy, a pelvic tumor mass measuring 35 × 30 cm and a 4 cm lump in her right breast...
November 29, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160731/combination-antiretroviral-therapy-accelerates-immune-recovery-in-patients-with-hiv-related-lymphoma-treated-with-epoch-a-comparison-within-one-prospective-trial-amc034
#18
Carlyn Rose C Tan, Stefan K Barta, Jeannette Lee, Michelle A Rudek, Joseph A Sparano, Ariela Noy
Drug-drug interactions between cART and chemotherapy may impact HIV and lymphoma control or lead to increased toxicities. No prospective comparative data informs potential harms and benefits. In AMC034, HIV-associated high-grade B-cell NHL patients received DA-EPOCH with rituximab. cART was given with EPOCH or delayed until chemotherapy completion per investigator choice. Pharmacokinetic, immunological, and treatment effects of concurrent cART were evaluated. CD4 counts dropped during EPOCH in both groups but recovered to higher than baseline 6 months post-EPOCH only in the cART group...
November 21, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145302/burkitt-lymphoma-and-cavernous-sinus-syndrome-with-breast-uptake-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-a-case-report
#19
Florette Reyneke, Neo Mokgoro, Mariza Vorster, Mike Sathekge
RATIONALE: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that arises in the B-cells. Cavernous sinus involvement is rare, especially in adults. Here we report an unusual case of a 30-year-old HIV-positive woman with BL and cavernous sinus syndrome who also had intense bilateral breast uptake, related to menstrual cycle. Fluorine-18 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has been found to be useful in the management of BL. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 30-year old female patient presented with a history of diplopia and headache...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068981/human-herpes-virus-8-unrelated-primary-effusion-lymphoma-like-lymphoma-presenting-with-cardiac-tamponade-a-case-report
#20
Hee-Jun Kim, Kyoungyul Lee, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Soo-Mee Bang
RATIONALE: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare disease of lymphomatous effusion in the body cavities in the absence of detectable mass and lymphadenopathy. PEL is predominantly related to the immunosuppressed patients infected with human herpes virus 8 (HHV-8). PEL-like lymphoma is negative for HHV-8 and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) unlike PEL. The pathogenesis and prognosis of PEL-like lymphoma are unclear and there is no established treatment yet. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 73-year-old male patient was admitted for evaluation of dyspnea on exertion with 1-week duration...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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