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Osteopathic medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931293/pulmonologist-perspectives-regarding-diagnosis-and-management-of-primary-immunodeficiency-diseases
#1
Jordan S Orange, Javeed Akhter, Filiz O Seeborg, Marcia Boyle, Christopher Scalchunes, Vivian Hernandez-Trujillo
BACKGROUND: The time from symptom onset to diagnosis for patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDD) is an average of 12 years, but prompt diagnosis and treatment can promote best outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Because the manifestations of PIDD are often sinopulmonary in nature, patients with undiagnosed PIDD are frequently referred to pulmonologists. This study sought to identify opportunities among these specialists to improve diagnosis and clinical management of patients with PIDD...
November 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893146/alternative-scheduling-models-improving-continuity-of-care-medical-outcomes-and-graduate-medical-education-in-resident-ambulatory-training
#2
Ali J Hussain
An association has been consistently made about continuity of care with improved quality of care and improved medical outcomes. However, resident ambulatory block scheduling prevents the optimization of continuity of care in ambulatory clinical education. The author performed a PubMed search for studies examining continuity of care and curriculum scheduling in US primary care residency clinics. These studies indicate the success of an X + Y scheduling model in resident ambulatory training. Additional benefits have also been noted, including improved clinical teaching and learning, increased sense of teamwork, increased resident satisfaction, improved recruitment and retention, improved patient satisfaction, and elimination of year-end patient care issues after graduation...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822360/an-indication-of-current-views-of-australian-general-practitioners-towards-chiropractic-and-osteopathy-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Roger M Engel, Robyn Beirman, Sandra Grace
BACKGROUND: While the role of complementary medicine therapies such as chiropractic and osteopathy is yet to be clearly delineated in the Australian context, demand for these services remains high. The attitudes of general practitioners towards chiropractors and osteopaths may have played a part in producing this outcome. However, this view is based on data that were more than 10 years old. Current anecdotal evidence suggests that the previous level of support may be declining in sections of the Australian medical profession...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802561/programmatic-approach-to-increasing-osteopathic-medical-student-participation-in-research-the-tcom-experience
#4
Peggy Smith-Barbaro, Albert H O-Yurvati
Providing medical students with a meaningful research-based educational experience will help them become exemplary physicians and informed consumers of medical research outcomes in the practice of evidence-based medicine. By participating in research projects during medical school, students have the opportunity to study specific fields that interest them in greater depth and develop their written and oral presentation skills. Studies indicate that students who have participated in research and scholarly activities during medical school are at an advantage when matching to their preferred residency...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802560/outcomes-oriented-medical-training-a-critical-curricular-design-consideration-in-developing-21st-century-health-care-professionals
#5
Darrin D'Agostino, Frank J Papa
The core competencies of medical schools and residencies have initiated a change in curricular design but have been limited in their execution of systems-based practice. The introduction of milestones and entrustable professional activities has emerged to enhance the current educational paradigm. Linking public health systemic approaches with evidence-based practices focused on population-level health care will affect patients more than current non-systems-based approaches. Curricular redesign, including population health-based strategies, public health competency, health care policy, and education linking the "determinants of health" to patient care, will better prepare future physicians to practice in the emerging paradigm of health care of the future...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802559/faculty-development-directed-at-curricular-reforms-designed-to-improve-patient-outcomes
#6
Frank J Papa, Darrin D'Agostino
Three initiatives involving quality of patient outcomes that evolved in the late 1990s must be considered in the design of 21st century undergraduate medical curricula. They involve (1) the question of how to best teach and assess medical competencies, (2) growing concerns regarding the frequency and severity of error in medical care, and (3) the role physicians might play in weaving together the overlapping elements of population-, community-, and systems-based practice into a codified approach to medical care...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785347/sex-and-gender-in-medical-education-a-national-student-survey
#7
Marjorie R Jenkins, Alyssa Herrmann, Amanda Tashjian, Tina Ramineni, Rithika Ramakrishnan, Donna Raef, Tracy Rokas, John Shatzer
BACKGROUND: Gender- and sex-specific medicine is defined as the practice of medicine based on the understanding that biology (dictated by sex chromosomes) and social roles (gender) are important in and have implications for prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment in men and women. In light of the many ways that sex and gender influence disease presentation and patient management, there have been various initiatives to improve the integration of these topics into medical education curriculum...
2016: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669072/requirements-for-certification-in-surgery-a-comparison-of-the-american-board-of-surgery-and-the-american-osteopathic-board-of-surgery
#8
Paula M Termuhlen, Albert H O-Yurvati, Joseph J Stella
In early 2014, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, the American Osteopathic Association, and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine agreed to a memorandum of understanding describing a single accreditation system for graduate medical education in the United States. Although there are many benefits, such as consistent quality of graduate medical education, alignment of competency standards, alignment with policymakers' expectations, unification of voices on graduate medical education access and funding issues, and visibility of osteopathic medicine, there are also many challenges in creating a uniform system of graduate medical education...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669071/effect-of-medical-education-on-empathy-in-osteopathic-medical-students
#9
Adam J McTighe, Robert A DiTomasso, Stephanie Felgoise, Mohammadreza Hojat
CONTEXT: Empathy is an integral component of the patient-physician relationship and involves a cognitive ability to connect with others in a meaningful fashion. Multiple longitudinal studies have shown that self-reported allopathic medical student empathy declines significantly during year 3. However, to date, only 4 cross-sectional studies have been published on osteopathic medical students' empathy. Whereas studies of allopathic medical students reported a decline in empathy, similar results were not found in osteopathic studies...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662606/impact-of-anatomy-boot-camp-on-students-in-a-medical-gross-anatomy-course
#10
Patrick J Herling, B Tanya Mohseni, Derek C Hill, Stacy Chelf, Jeffrey A Rickert, Jonathan T Leo, Natalie R Langley
Lincoln Memorial University-DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine (LMU-DCOM) offers an optional three-week summer Anatomy Boot Camp course (ABC) to facilitate students' transition into medical school and promote retention of anatomy subject matter. The pre-matriculation program is a supplemental instruction course that utilizes a small group learning format. Boot camp instruction is led by teaching assistants and two anatomy professors. Enrollees gain early exposure to Medical Gross Anatomy (MGA) course subject matter, which is taught in the fall semester, and learn study skills necessary to excel in medical school...
September 23, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641448/a-survey-of-disaster-medical-education-in-osteopathic-medical-school-curricula
#11
Steven J Parrillo, Doran Christensen, Howard S Teitelbaum, Erik S Glassman
Parrillo SJ , Christensen D , Teitelbaum HS , Glassman ES . A survey of disaster medical education in osteopathic medical school curricula. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(6):581-582.
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571298/teaching-and-assessment-of-high-velocity-low-amplitude-techniques-for-the-spine-in-predoctoral-medical-education
#12
Millicent King Channell
Although national didactic criteria have been set for predoctoral education and assessment in osteopathic manipulative treatment, there is no criterion standard for teaching methods and assessments of osteopathic manipulative treatment competence in colleges of osteopathic medicine. This issue is more pressing with the creation of the single graduate medical education accreditation system by the American Osteopathic Association and Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, which introduced the creation of "osteopathic recognition" for residencies that want to incorporate osteopathic principles and practice into their programs...
September 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519253/the-updated-amsa-scorecard-of-conflict-of-interest-policies-a-survey-of-u-s-medical-schools
#13
Daniel J Carlat, Teddy Fagrelius, Reshma Ramachandran, Joseph S Ross, Sallyann Bergh
BACKGROUND: Best practices for conflict-of-interest (COI) policies in medical schools have evolved rapidly over the past decade, in part motivated by the American Medical Student Association (AMSA) scorecard that has publicly graded schools since 2007. This report describes the methodological update and impact of revisions to the scorecard in 2014. METHODS: The original AMSA scorecard (used annually from 2008 to 2013) was revised by a work group to improve its methodology and to increase the stringency of its criteria for scoring COI policies...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455102/correlation-between-scores-on-weekly-quizzes-and-performance-on-the-annual-resident-in-service-examination
#14
Benjamin J Wagner, John V Ashurst, Thomas Simunich, Robert Cooney
CONTEXT: Medical residency education relies heavily on the use of written and oral testing as a means of assessing a learner's knowledge acquisition. In the United States, osteopathic emergency medicine residents take an annual specialty-based resident in-service examination (RISE) for this purpose. Their performance on the RISE helps direct educators' approach to teaching and training. OBJECTIVES: To determine the correlative strength of residents' cumulative performance on a series of weekly in-house quizzes with their performance on the RISE...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385924/a-quantitative-examination-of-undergraduate-neuroscience-majors-applying-and-matriculating-to-osteopathic-medical-school
#15
Raddy L Ramos, Erik Guercio, Thomas Levitan, Shannon O'Malley, Phoebe T Smith
Undergraduates choose to become neuroscience majors for a number of reasons including future career goals. Faculty and administration of undergraduate neuroscience programs understand that many neuroscience majors have aspirations of applying and matriculating to medical school (Prichard, 2015); however a quantitative understanding of this particular student population remains unknown, especially in the context of the national growth in undergraduate neuroscience education (Ramos et al., 2011). In the present report, we use medical school application data to establish a novel quantitative understanding of the number of neuroscience majors that apply and matriculate to osteopathic medical school...
2016: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330673/authorship-trends-of-emergency-medicine-publications-over-the-last-two-decades
#16
Richard Lammers, Thomas Simunich, John Ashurst
INTRODUCTION: With the recent merger of the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) a heightened pressure for publication may become evident. Our objective was to determine whether there was a gap in the type of both medical degree designation and advanced degree designation among authorship in three United States-based academic emergency medicine journals. METHODS: We reviewed the Journal of Emergency Medicine, Academic Emergency Medicine and Annals of Emergency Medicine for the type of degree designation that the first and senior authors had obtained for the years 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2014...
May 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254014/the-predictive-validity-of-the-national-board-of-osteopathic-medical-examiners-comlex-usa-examinations-with-regard-to-outcomes-on-american-board-of-family-medicine-examinations
#17
Thomas R O'Neill, Michael R Peabody, Hao Song
PURPOSE: To examine the predictive validity of the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners' Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination of the United States of America (COMLEX-USA) series with regard to the American Board of Family Medicine's (ABFM's) In-Training Examination (ITE) and Maintenance of Certification for Family Physicians (MC-FP) Examination. METHOD: A repeated-measures design was employed, using test scores across seven levels of training for 1,023 DOs who took the MC-FP for the first time between April 2012 and November 2014 and for whom the ABFM had ITE scores for each of their residency years...
May 31, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152538/effect-of-interprofessional-clinical-education-programme-length-on-students-attitudes-towards-teamwork
#18
Lauren Renschler, Darson Rhodes, Carol Cox
This article reports on a study involving a range of health professions students who participated in similar one-semester (short) or two-semester (long) interprofessional clinical education programmes that focused on clinical assessment of senior citizens living independently in the community. Students' attitudes towards teamwork skills and perceptions of their own teamwork skills both before and after the programmes were assessed using two validated scales. Osteopathic medical student participants reported no significant changes in attitudes towards interprofessional healthcare teamwork skills or their perceptions of their own interprofessional teamwork skills after either the one- or two-semester programmes...
May 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111784/growing-research-among-osteopathic-residents-and-medical-students-a-consortium-based-research-education-continuum-model
#19
Grace D Brannan
In general, physicians' interest in research continues to be a challenge. The lack of research culture is more pronounced in the osteopathic medical profession, which is historically not research oriented. With increasing focus on evidence-based medicine and with the single accreditation system for graduate medical education in motion, growing research and scholarly activities among osteopathic physicians and students and residents becomes imperative. This article illustrates how an educational consortium, such as an osteopathic postdoctoral training institution, can play a pivotal role in creating a culture of research through broad-based training of medical students and residents...
May 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092852/the-community-preceptor-crisis-recruiting-and-retaining-community-based-faculty-to-teach-medical-students-a-shared-perspective-from-the-alliance-for-clinical-education
#20
Jennifer G Christner, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Gregory Briscoe, Petra Casey, Ruth Marie E Fincher, Lynn M Manfred, Katherine I Margo, Peter Muscarella, Joshua E Richardson, Joseph Safdieh, Beat D Steiner
ISSUE: Community-based instruction is invaluable to medical students, as it provides "real-world" opportunities for observing and following patients over time while refining history taking, physical examination, differential diagnosis, and patient management skills. Community-based ambulatory settings can be more conducive to practicing these skills than highly specialized, academically based practice sites. The Association of American Medical Colleges and other national medical education organizations have expressed concern about recruitment and retention of preceptors to provide high-quality educational experiences in community-based practice sites...
July 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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