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Osteopathic medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710268/insights-on-the-nationwide-project-in-osteopathic-medical-education-and-empathy-pomee
#1
Bruce W Newton
Initial data from the first phase of a nationwide study of cognitive empathy, the Project in Osteopathic Medical Education and Empathy (POMEE), have been gathered. At the beginning of their first year of medical school, more than 6000 osteopathic medical students filled out the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. The POMEE principal investigator and co-investigators-Mohammadreza Hojat, PhD; Leonard H. Calabrese, DO; and Stephen C. Shannon, DO-responded to a series of questions posed by the author pertaining to the importance of POMEE and the impact the findings will have on educating osteopathic medical students...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685247/guidelines-for-hospital-privileges-in-vascular-surgery-and-endovascular-interventions-recommendations-of-the-society-for-vascular-surgery
#2
Keith D Calligaro, Kwame S Amankwah, Marcus D'Ayala, O William Brown, Paul Steven Collins, Mohammad H Eslami, Krishna M Jain, Daniel S Kassavin, Brandon Propper, Timur P Sarac, William P Shutze, Thomas H Webb
The Hospital Privileges Practice Guideline Writing Group of the Society for Vascular Surgery is making the following five recommendations concerning guidelines for hospital privileges for vascular surgery and endovascular therapy. Advanced endovascular procedures are currently entrenched in the everyday practice of specialized vascular interventionalists, including vascular surgeons, but open vascular surgery remains uniquely essential to the specialty. First, we endorse the Residency Review Committee for Surgery recommendations regarding open and endovascular cases during vascular residency and fellowship training...
May 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582062/appendix-1-osteopathic-graduate-medical-education-2018
#3
Bulmaro Martinez, Maura Biszewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582061/single-accreditation-system-update-a-year-of-progress
#4
Boyd R Buser, James E Swartwout, Maura Biszewski, Terri Lischka
In 2014, the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) agreed to establish a new, single accreditation system for graduate medical education in the United States. The 5-year transition period, from July 1, 2015, through June 30, 2020, gives AOA training programs time to apply for and receive ACGME accreditation before the AOA ceases its postdoctoral accreditation functions. This article discusses policies to protect osteopathic residents during training, addresses program size, reviews progress at the midpoint of the 5-year transition, and looks at next steps in the establishment of the single accreditation system...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582060/resident-and-faculty-attitudes-toward-osteopathic-focused-education
#5
Laura K Hempstead, Beth Rosemergey, Steven Foote, Kelly Swade, Karen B Williams
Context: The transition period for the single accreditation system for graduate medical education under the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) began on July 1, 2015, and will end June 30, 2020. As of February 5, 2018, 82.6% of residency programs accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) have applied for or achieved ACGME accreditation and 160 programs have applied for or achieved osteopathic recognition. Objective: To assess baseline attitudes of osteopathic and allopathic faculty and residents in AOA-accredited and dually accredited residency programs regarding the value of osteopathic-focused educational curricula and mentors...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582059/assessment-considerations-for-core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-entering-residency
#6
Machelle Linsenmeyer, Leslie Wimsatt, Mark Speicher, James Powers, Stephen Miller, Emmanuel Katsaros
Context: In the process of analyzing entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for use in medical education, ten Cate and others identified challenges, including the need for valid and reliable EPA assessment strategies. Objective: To provide osteopathic medical schools with a database of assessment tools compiled from the literature to assist them with the development and implementation of robust, evidence-based assessment methods. Methods: MEDLINE, ERIC, PubMed, and other relevant databases were searched using MeSH keywords for articles outlining robust, evidence-based assessment tools that could be used in designing assessments for EPAs 1 through 6...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582058/interprofessional-collaborative-practice-use-of-simulated-clinical-experiences-in-medical-education
#7
Adriana M Carpenter, Maureen A Hirthler, Cathy J King
Context: Mastering the art of assessing interprofessional outcomes has been a topic of interest in academic research. Specifically, the Interprofessional Education Collaborative has been publishing thorough bodies of work that aim to strengthen teamwork among health professionals and reinforce competencies that will lead to better patient care. Objective: To determine osteopathic medical students' perceived effectiveness of simulated clinical experiences in cultivating interprofessional competencies with nursing students...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582057/factors-associated-with-osteopathic-primary-care-residency-choice-decisions
#8
Godwin Y Dogbey, Karen Collins, Ronald Russ, Grace D Brannan, Matt Mivsek, Sarah Sewell
Context: The osteopathic medical profession traditionally emphasized the education of primary care physicians. A common thread for both osteopathic and allopathic residency matches, however, has been an increase in the interest in specialties outside of primary care. Objective: To determine whether there are critical points in medical school associated with residency selection decision-making, what factors affect residency selection decisions, and whether any identifiable shifts or trends exist...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582056/educational-intervention-in-a-medically-underserved-area
#9
Joel Atance, Morgan Mickalis, Brianna Kincade
Context: Medical students from rural and medically underserved areas (MUAs) are more likely than their peers to practice medicine in rural areas and MUAs. However, students from MUAs are also more likely to face socioeconomic barriers to a career in medicine. Objective: To determine whether a week-long summer enrichment experience (SEE) at Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine-Carolinas could successfully teach high school students from MUAs basic biomedical concepts and foster an interest in medicine and the health sciences...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582055/osteopathic-medical-education-answering-the-call
#10
Elizabeth K McClain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580325/understanding-acgme-scholarly-activity-requirements-for-general-surgery-programs-in-the-era-of-single-accreditation-and-the-next-accreditation-system
#11
Joseph J Stella, Donna L Lamb, Steven C Stain, Paula M Termuhlen
Becoming compliant with the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for scholarly activity and remaining compliant over time requires time and attention to the development of an environment of inquiry, which is reflected in detailed documentation submitted in program applications and annual updates. Since the beginning of the next accreditation system, all ACGME programs have been required to submit evidence of scholarly activity of both residents and faculty on an annual basis...
February 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561691/dual-autonomies-divergent-approaches-how-stratification-in-medical-education-shapes-approaches-to-patient-care
#12
Tania M Jenkins
The United States relies on international and osteopathic medical graduates ("non-USMDs") to fill one third of residency positions because of a shortage of American MD graduates ("USMDs"). Non-USMDs are often informally excluded from top residency positions, while USMDs tend to fill the most prestigious residencies. Little is known, however, about whether the training in these different settings is comparable or how it impacts patients. Drawing on 23 months of ethnographic fieldwork and 123 interviews, I compare training at two internal medicine programs: a community hospital staffing 90% non-USMDs and a university hospital staffing 99% USMDs...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552080/themes-underlying-australian-general-practitioner-views-towards-chiropractic-and-osteopathy-an-assessment-of-free-text-data-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Sandra Grace, Roger Engel, Ian Jalsion
The Australian chiropractic and osteopathic professions underwent a period of significant transformation between 1960 and 2000. This resulted in an improvement in the views held by the medical profession towards the two professions. However, a recent survey of Australian general practitioners (GPs) reported that a number of GPs still hold negative views towards chiropractors and osteopaths. This paper examines these views from the perspective of critical realism and explores the generative mechanisms that can influence the willingness of health practitioners to collaborate over patient care...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480920/physician-mentored-patient-rounds-to-observe-and-assess-entrustable-professional-activities-1-and-2-in-preclinical-medical-students
#14
Neal R Chamberlain, Patricia S Sexton, Matthew R Hardee, Robert W Baer
Context: Thirteen entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for entering residency were created to aid medical educators as they prepare preclinical students for their residency and to assess student readiness for residency. The A.T. Still University Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine (ATSU-KCOM) developed a program called physician-mentored patient rounds (PMPR), which focuses on EPA 1 and EPA 2. Objective: To determine whether PMPRs could be used to assess expected behaviors of EPA 1 (gather a history and perform a physical examination) and EPA 2 (prioritize a differential diagnosis after a clinical encounter)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480919/increasing-self-awareness-of-medical-students-through-the-use-of-ultrasonography
#15
Kelsea Sandefur, Tatyana Kondrashova
Context: Self-awareness is vital for the health and development of medical students, but few reported modalities successfully increase medical student self-awareness. Objective: To assess the effect of ultrasonography on medical student self-awareness and health status. Methods: In 2016, first- and second-year osteopathic medical students completed a 9-item survey, created specifically for the current study, which included questions about the use of ultrasonography, health status, and self-awareness after completing at least 1 ultrasonography course...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480917/tool-for-predicting-medical-student-burnout-from-sustained-stress-levels-factor-analysis-of-the-medical-education-hassles-scale-r
#16
Jane C Johnson, Brian F Degenhardt, Carol K Smith, Thomas M Wolf, D Fred Peterson
Context: Acute stress during medical school affects the health of students and is associated with burnout. The Medical Education Hassles Scale-R (MEHS-R) is designed to measure acute stress among medical students. Researchers using the MEHS-R primarily report overall hassles scores, which are unable to discriminate between different categories of hassles encountered. Objective: The present study examined the factor structure of the MEHS-R to identify subscales that would be useful to categorize hassles for research and assessment purposes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480915/influence-of-transverse-process-landmark-localization-on-palpation-accuracy-of-lumbar-spine-models
#17
Eric J Snider, Kenneth Pamperin, Vanessa Pazdernik, Brian F Degenhardt
Context: Accurate determination of transverse process displacement in the horizontal plane requires accurate transverse process landmark localization followed by accurate discrimination of asymmetry by the examiner's palpating digits. Objective: To determine whether the accurate localization of transverse process landmarks influences overall accuracy of asymmetry determination in third-year osteopathic medical students evaluating covered lumbar spine models. Methods: A class of third-year osteopathic medical students was split into 2 groups and asked to determine whether the right transverse processes of covered lumbar spine models were anterior or posterior relative to the left transverse process...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469758/a-pilot-program-for-community-dermatologists-working-with-primary-care-residents-to-provide-dermatology-consults-to-a-regional-hospital
#18
Rachel Giesey, Doria Narively, Valerie Fuller, Eliot Mostow
With the high demand and limited supply of dermatologists, the majority dedicate their time primarily to outpatient practice. A number ofobstacles to inpatient dermatology consults have been described, as well as the essential benefits for some of the sickest patients. Dermatology residency programs partially relieve this need, however with the transition to a single Graduate Medical Education accreditation system and many previously American Osteopathic Association-accredited dermatologyprograms ceasing to train residents after 2020, it is prudent to recruit additional possible consultants...
January 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465664/knowledge-practices-and-barriers-to-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-prescribing-among-washington-state-medical-providers
#19
Brian R Wood, Vanessa M McMahan, Kelly Naismith, Jonathan B Stockton, Lori A Delaney, Joanne D Stekler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) awareness and prescribing practices among Washington State medical providers from diverse professional disciplines and practice types. METHODS: In May 2016, we administered an anonymous online survey to licensed medical practitioners who provide primary, longitudinal, walk-in, emergency, obstetric, gynecologic, sexually transmitted infection (STI), or family planning care. RESULTS: Of 735 eligible providers, 64...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400625/undisclosed-conflicts-of-interest-among-biomedical-textbook-authors
#20
Brian J Piper, Drew A Lambert, Ryan C Keefe, Phoebe U Smukler, Nicolas A Selemon, Zachary R Duperry
BACKGROUND: Textbooks are a formative resource for health care providers during their education and are also an enduring reference for pathophysiology and treatment. Unlike the primary literature and clinical guidelines, biomedical textbook authors do not typically disclose potential financial conflicts of interest (pCoIs). The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the authors of textbooks used in the training of physicians, pharmacists, and dentists had appreciable undisclosed pCoIs in the form of patents or compensation received from pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies...
February 5, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
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