keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cardiopulmonary

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923114/effect-of-bystander-cpr-initiation-prior-to-the-emergency-call-on-rosc-and-30day-survival-an-evaluation-of-548-emergency-calls
#1
Søren Viereck, Thea Palsgaard Møller, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Fredrik Folke, Freddy Lippert
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at evaluating if time for initiation of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) - prior to the emergency call (CPRprior) versus during the emergency call following dispatcher-assisted CPR (CPRduring) - was associated with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and 30-day survival. The secondary aim was to identify predictors of CPRprior. METHODS: This observational study evaluated out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) occurring in the Capital Region of Denmark from 01...
December 3, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922948/fluoroscopic-guidance-increases-the-incidence-of-thoracic-epidural-catheter-placement-within-the-epidural-space-a-randomized-trial
#2
Michelle C Parra, Kristin Washburn, Jeremiah R Brown, Michael L Beach, Mark P Yeager, Patricia Barr, Kathy Bonham, Kathryn Lamb, Randy W Loftus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Thoracic epidural analgesia can reduce postoperative pain and cardiopulmonary morbidity, but it is associated with a high rate of clinical failure. Up to 50% of clinical failure is thought to be related to technical insertion. In this study, patients undergoing thoracic surgery were randomized to one of two catheter insertion techniques: fluoroscopically guided or conventional loss of resistance with saline/air. Our primary aim was to examine whether fluoroscopic guidance could increase the incidence of correct catheter placement and improve postoperative analgesia...
December 5, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922888/experience-with-extracorporeal-life-support-for-cardiogenic-shock-in-the-older-population-over-70-years-of-age
#3
Margaux Pontailler, Pierre Demondion, Guillaume Lebreton, Jean-Louis Golmard, Pascal Leprince
The both aims of this single-centre, retrospective study were to analyse the outcomes and to identify the independent predictors of 30-day and long-term mortality in case of cardiopulmonary resuscitation requiring extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in the elderly.From October 2004 to May 2014, 163 patients with a mean age of 75.5 years [range 70-91] required veno-arterial ECLS. The main indication was post-cardiotomy cardiogenic shock (79.6%). ECLS duration averaged 5.6 ± 4.3 days. Thirty-day mortality was 72% (n=117) and follow-up survival rate was 14...
December 2, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922567/validity-of-the-european-society-of-cardiology-s-psychosocial-screening-interview-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-the-thoresci-study
#4
Eveline van Montfort, Johan Denollet, Jos Widdershoven, Nina Kupper
AIM: To examine the validity of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) psychosocial screening instrument. METHOD: 508 acute (67%) or elective (33%) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients (mean age=63 years, SD=10; 81% male) completed the ESC screening interview and established questionnaires for psychosocial risk markers, i.e., depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), Type D personality (DS14), hostility (CMHS-7), and marital/work stress (MMQ-6, ERI) during or close after hospital admission...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920591/left-atrial-myxomectomy-with-intraoperative-severe-mitral-regurgitation-and-complicated-postoperative-course-case-report
#5
Nareg Minaskeian, Patrick P Hu
Primary cardiac tumors are a rare occurrence with myxomas accounting for about half of the benign tumors. Once diagnosed, surgical resection is the standard of care. Our case describes a female in her 50s who underwent a myxoma resection under cardiopulmonary bypass via biatrial approach. Intraoperatively, the thin septal crux between the wall of the aorta and mitral valve was damaged during resection, requiring stem cell tissue matrix for repair. The patient also developed severe mitral regurgitation suggesting infarct to the left coronary system during resection, subsequently receiving a mechanical mitral valve and a saphenous vein bypass graft...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919886/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-one-centre-s-experience
#6
Elise Weir, Paul D Burns, Anne Devenny, David Young, James Y Paton
BACKGROUND: While exercise testing is increasingly used as a prognostic indicator in cystic fibrosis (CF), it is reported to be underused in UK CF centres, particularly in children. Here, we evaluated the cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) results in children and young people with CF at CF annual review and its possible clinical value. METHOD: An observational study comparing CPET results using a cycle ergometer ramp test (peak oxygen uptake (Vo2peak)) and pulmonary function (forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1)) was performed with body mass index (BMI) used as a disease severity marker...
December 5, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919715/perioperative-brain-natriuretic-peptide-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients-its-association-with-postoperative-outcomes
#7
Tomoyuki Kanazawa, Moritoki Egi, Yuichiro Toda, Kazuyoshi Shimizu, Kentaro Sugimoto, Tatsuo Iwasaki, Hiroshi Morimatsu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between perioperative brain natriuretic peptide levels and the incidence of postoperative serious adverse events (SAEs) in pediatric cardiac patients. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: A single-institution university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Children under 15 years old who underwent cardiac surgery that required cardiopulmonary bypass from December 21, 2012 to February 26, 2014...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919270/delayed-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-for-air-emboli-after-open-heart-surgery-case-report-and-review-of-a-success-story
#8
Eva Niyibizi, Guillaume Elyes Kembi, Claude Lae, Rodrigue Pignel, Tornike Sologashvili
BACKGROUND: The current case describes a rare diagnosis of iatrogenic air emboli after elective cardiopulmonary bypass that was successfully treated with delayed hyperbaric oxygen therapy, with good clinical evolution in spite of rare complications. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35 years old male was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for post-operative management after being placed on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for an elective ventricular septal defect closure and aortic valvuloplasty...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918851/influence-of-a-100-m-simulated-in-water-rescue-on-cardiopulmonary-parameters
#9
Ana Sousa, Ricardo J Fernandes, Núria Rodríguez, J Arturo Abraldes
OBJECTIVE: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) after a drowning episode is performed under fatigue conditions. However, the characterization of CPR in this context is still unknown. Our purpose was to investigate the effect of a 100-m simulated in-water rescue on CPR and physiological parameters in trained certified lifeguards. METHODS: Thirty trained certified lifeguards (age 24.6 ± 3.8 yrs; height 178.2 ± 7.4 cm and weight 76.9 ± 10.6 kg) completed two protocols using an adult manikin: (i) 4-min CPR after 4-min baseline conditions (CPR), and (ii) 4-min CPR after a 100-m simulated in-water rescue in the sea (CPR Rescue), both with a compression-ventilation ratio of 30:2...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918847/left-ventricular-compressions-improve-hemodynamics-in-a-swine-model-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#10
Kenton L Anderson, Maria G Castaneda, Susan M Boudreau, Danny J Sharon, Vikhyat S Bebarta
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that chest compressions located directly over the left ventricle (LV) would improve hemodynamics, including coronary perfusion pressure (CPP), and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in a swine model of cardiac arrest. METHODS: Transthoracic echocardiography (echo) was used to mark the location of the aortic root and the center of the left ventricle on animals (n = 26) which were randomized to receive chest compressions in one of the two locations...
December 5, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918317/minimally-invasive-robotically-assisted-repair-of-partial-anomalous-venous-connection
#11
Luigi Pirelli, Chad A Kliger, Nirav C Patel, Marcella Bono, Carlos E Ruiz, Vladimir Jelnin, Gregory P Fontana
We describe a novel robotically assisted minimally invasive surgical technique for repair of partial anomalous pulmonary vein connection (PAPVC). Partial anomalous pulmonary vein connection is a rare congenital anomaly that consists in drainage of one or more pulmonary veins into the systemic venous system. Traditionally, large thoracotomy incision and sometimes establishment of cardiopulmonary bypass are needed to redirect the abnormal pulmonary vein to the left-sided reservoir. We describe a robotically assisted, minimally invasive, off-pump technique for the treatment of the left PAPVC in a 57-year-old patient with signs of progressive right ventricular dilatation...
December 1, 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916877/short-range-vital-signs-sensing-based-on-eemd-and-cwt-using-ir-uwb-radar
#12
Xikun Hu, Tian Jin
The radar sensor described realizes healthcare monitoring capable of detecting subject chest-wall movement caused by cardiopulmonary activities and wirelessly estimating the respiration and heartbeat rates of the subject without attaching any devices to the body. Conventional single-tone Doppler radar can only capture Doppler signatures because of a lack of bandwidth information with noncontact sensors. In contrast, we take full advantage of impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) radar to achieve low power consumption and convenient portability, with a flexible detection range and desirable accuracy...
November 30, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916778/predictive-value-of-qrs-duration-at-admission-for-in-hospital-clinical-outcome-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#13
Tetsuo Yamaguchi, Tsutomu Yoshikawa, Toshiaki Isogai, Takamichi Miyamoto, Yuichiro Maekawa, Tetsuro Ueda, Konomi Sakata, Tsutomu Murakami, Takeshi Yamamoto, Ken Nagao, Morimasa Takayama
BACKGROUND: Prolonged QRS duration (pQRSd) on electrocardiogram (ECG) is a strong predictor of poor outcome in heart failure, myocardial infarction, and myocarditis, but it is unclear whether pQRSd also predicts poor outcomes of takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC).Methods and Results:Between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2012, we retrospectively enrolled 299 patients with TC (mean age, 73.5±11.7 years; 21.4% male) from the Tokyo CCU Network database, which consists of 71 cardiovascular centers in the metropolitan area...
December 2, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916478/development-and-external-validation-of-a-model-predicting-death-after-surgery-in-patients-with-a-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-the-dutch-aneurysm-score
#14
G C I von Meijenfeldt, S C van Beek, F Bastos Gonçalves, H J M Verhagen, C J Zeebregts, A C Vahl, W Wisselink, M J van der Laan, R Balm
OBJECTIVE: The decision whether or not to proceed with surgical intervention of a patient with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is very difficult in daily practice. The primary objective of the present study was to develop and to externally validate a new prediction model: the Dutch Aneurysm Score (DAS). METHODS: With a prospective cohort of 10 hospitals (n = 508) the DAS was developed using a multivariate logistic regression model. Two retrospective cohorts with rAAA patients from two hospitals (n = 373) were used for external validation...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916446/gastrointestinal-complications-associated-with-the-surgical-treatment-of-heart-disease-in-children
#15
Lee P Ferguson, Tarriyo Gandiya, Christos Kaselas, Jigna Sheth, Asif Hasan, Hany Os Gabra
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The gastrointestinal system is prone to complications following heart surgery. We sought to determine the incidence and factors associated with gastrointestinal complication after cardiac surgery in children. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients aged <16years that underwent cardiac surgery between 2009 and 2013. Primary outcome was occurrence of gastrointestinal complication within 30days. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to identify variables related to occurrence of gastrointestinal complication...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916346/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-is-a-better-outcome-predictor-than-exercise-echocardiography-in-asymptomatic-aortic-stenosis
#16
Olivia Domanski, Marjorie Richardson, Augustin Coisne, Anne-Sophie Polge, Stephanie Mouton, François Godart, Jean Louis Edmé, Regis Matran, Patrizio Lancellotti, David Montaigne
BACKGROUND: Objective assessment of maximal aerobic capacity using peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) can be helpful in the management of patients with asymptomatic aortic stenosis (AS). The relationship between peak VO2 and AS severity criteria derived from rest and supine exercise echocardiography (SEE) has never been explored. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether low peak VO2 (<85% of predicted value) is associated with severity parameters in SEE, and poor clinical outcome...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916210/heart-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-in-the-assessment-of-acute-pulmonary-embolism
#17
Hai-Yan Qian, Ji Huang, Yue-Jin Yang, Yan-Min Yang, Zhi-Zhong Li, Jing-Mei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) in the stratification and prognosis of patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE). METHODS: According to risk stratification, 69 patients with APE admitted into the emergency department within 24 hours after onset were divided into the following 3 groups: high-risk group, moderate-risk group and low-risk group. H-FABP- and cardiac troponin I (cTNI)-positive rates of all groups were analyzed and compared, and the correlation between major adverse events (death, endotracheal intubation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and the cardiac markers (heart rate, arterial partial pressure of oxygen, right ventricular dimension, pulmonary arterial pressure, etc...
December 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915583/the-six-minute-walk-test-predicts-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-individuals-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#18
Wouter J Harmsen, Gerard M Ribbers, Jorrit Slaman, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Ladbon Khajeh, Fop van Kooten, Sebastiaan J C M M Neggers, Rita J van den Berg-Emons
BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) established during progressive cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is the "gold-standard" for cardiorespiratory fitness. However, CPET measurements may be limited in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (a-SAH) by disease-related complaints, such as cardiovascular health-risks or anxiety. Furthermore, CPET with gas-exchange analyses require specialized knowledge and infrastructure with limited availability in most rehabilitation facilities...
December 5, 2016: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914635/noninvasive-screening-for-pulmonary-hypertension-by-exercise-testing-in-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Jan Müller, Pinar Bambul Heck, Peter Ewert, Alfred Hager
BACKGROUND: Patients with congenital heart disease and native or palliated conditions are at risk to develop pulmonary hypertension (PH) in later life. Screening for PH is currently performed by regular echocardiographic follow-up, which appears to be difficult in several congenital conditions. This study evaluated the screening for PH in congenital heart disease by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). METHODS: We analyzed our database including all patients with congenital heart disease referred for CPET in our institution from June 2001 to September 2013 and identified 683 patients who had an accompanied heart catheterization less than 6 month after CPET...
November 30, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914501/levosimendan-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-on-cardiopulmonary-bypass-rationale-and-study-design-of-the-levosimendan-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-requiring
#20
Rajendra H Mehta, Sean Van Diepen, James Meza, Paula Bokesch, Jeffrey D Leimberger, Sandra Tourt-Uhlig, Merri Swartz, Jodi Parrotta, Rachael Jankowich, Douglas Hay, Robert W Harrison, Stephen Fremes, Shaun G Goodman, John Luber, Wolfgang Toller, Matthias Heringlake, Kevin J Anstrom, Jerrold H Levy, Robert A Harrington, John H Alexander
BACKGROUND: Low cardiac output syndrome is associated with increased mortality and occurs in 3% to 14% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Levosimendan, a novel calcium sensitizer and KATP channel activator with inotropic, vasodilatory, and cardioprotective properties, has shown significant promise in reducing the incidence of low cardiac output syndrome and related adverse outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery on CPB. METHODS: LEVO-CTS is a phase 3 randomized, controlled, multicenter study evaluating the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of levosimendan in reducing morbidity and mortality in high-risk patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (≤35%) undergoing cardiac surgery on CPB...
December 2016: American Heart Journal
keyword
keyword
29897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"