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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636453/testing-the-efficacy-of-existing-force-endurance-models-to-account-for-the-prevalence-of-obesity-in-the-workforce
#1
Mojdeh Pajoutan, Lora A Cavuoto, Ranjana K Mehta
This study evaluated whether the existing force-endurance relationship models are predictive of endurance time for overweight and obese individuals, and if not, provide revised models that can be applied for ergonomics practice. Data was collected from 141 participants (49 normal weight, 50 overweight, 42 obese) who each performed isometric endurance tasks of hand grip, shoulder flexion, and trunk extension at four levels of relative workload. Subject-specific fatigue rates and a general model of the force-endurance relationship were determined and compared to two fatigue models from the literature...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628395/evaluation-of-a-companion-robot-based-on-field-tests-with-single-older-adults-in-their-homes
#2
Katalin Zsiga, András Tóth, Tamás Pilissy, Orsolya Péter, Zoltán Dénes, Gábor Fazekas
The growing number of older adults places insurmountable load on family members and professional caregivers. Assistive technology with the aid of robots can present a possible solution. The goal of this article was to test a companion robot supporting older adults in their home environments. Eight senior volunteers were involved in the field test. They all lived alone and were self-supporting. The robot was capable of providing cognitive assistance to manage the user's daily routine. Each participant used the robot for 94...
June 19, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627110/patient-preferences-for-healthcare-delivery-through-community-pharmacy-settings-in-the-usa-a-discrete-choice-study
#3
M Feehan, M Walsh, J Godin, D Sundwall, M A Munger
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In order to improve public health, it is necessary to facilitate patients' easy access to affordable high-quality primary health care, and one enhanced approach to do so may be to provide primary healthcare services in the community pharmacy setting. Discrete choice experiments to evaluate patient demand for services in pharmacy are relatively limited and have been hampered by a focus on only a few service alternatives, most focusing on changes in more traditional pharmacy services...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623892/improving-transitions-in-acute-stroke-patients-discharged-to-home-the-michigan-stroke-transitions-trial-mistt-protocol
#4
Mathew J Reeves, Anne K Hughes, Amanda T Woodward, Paul P Freddolino, Constantinos K Coursaris, Sarah J Swierenga, Lee H Schwamm, Michele C Fritz
BACKGROUND: For some stroke patients and caregivers, navigating the transition between hospital discharge and returning home is associated with substantial psychosocial and health-related challenges. Currently, no evidence-based standard of care exists that addresses the concerns of stroke patients and caregivers during the transition period. Objectives of the Michigan Stroke Transitions Trial (MISTT) are to test the impact of a social worker home-based case management program, as well as an online information and support resource, on patient and caregiver outcomes after returning home...
June 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620992/detection-of-imprinting-effects-for-quantitative-traits-on-x-chromosome-using-nuclear-families-with-multiple-daughters
#5
Kexin Yu, Ji-Yuan Zhou, Wing Kam Fung
Genomic imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon in which the expression of an allele copy depends on its parental origin. This mechanism has been found to play an important role in many complex diseases. Statistical tests for imprinting effects have been developed for more than 15 years, but they are only suitable for autosomes. It was not until recently that the parental-asymmetry test on the X chromosome (XPAT) was proposed to test for imprinting effects. However, this test can only be used for qualitative traits...
July 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618989/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-novel-12-n-methylcytisine-derivatives
#6
Inna P Tsypysheva, Sophia S Borisevich, Liana F Zainullina, Nina S Makara, Alena V Koval'skaya, Polina R Petrova, Sergey L Khursan, Yulia V Vakhitova, Felix S Zarudii
Neurodegenerative diseases and inflammation are always linked to each other; therefore the elaboration of new chemical compounds, which interact with pharmacological targets involved into these two processes, can become one of ways of correction of these types of human CNS pathology. In the field of this problem the anti-inflammatory activity of ten 3-amino derivatives of quinolizidine alkaloid (-)-cytisine (the data about nootropic activity of these compounds are outlined by us previously) was studied by using in vivo, in vitro and in silico approaches...
June 16, 2017: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611884/emergency-medical-services-professionals-attitudes-about-community-paramedic-programs
#7
Robert J Steeps, Denise A Wilfong, Michael W Hubble, Daniel L Bercher
INTRODUCTION: The number of community paramedic (CP) programs has expanded to mitigate the impact of increased patient usage on emergency services. However, it has not been determined to what extent emergency medical services (EMS) professionals would be willing to participate in this model of care. With this project, we sought to evaluate the perceptions of EMS professionals toward the concept of a CP program. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional study method to evaluate the perceptions of participating EMS professionals with regard to their understanding of and willingness to participate in a CP program...
June 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609418/surround-propinquity-and-tonic-accommodation
#8
Tammy Nguyen, Lawrence R Stark
PURPOSE: Previous studies of dark focus have found evidence of a propinquity response, in which subjects accommodate to the perceived distance of their surroundings despite being in absolute darkness. Their distance perception in a lighted room allows a spatial representation to persist within the darkened room. This study sought to establish the significance and magnitude of the propinquity response in a large sample of young adults, and to determine whether the propinquity response can be predicted by a subject's initial dark focus in an unknown dark room...
June 10, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603337/sample-size-calculations-for-time-averaged-difference-of-longitudinal-binary-outcomes
#9
Ying Lou, Jing Cao, Song Zhang, Chul Ahn
In clinical trials with repeated measurements, the responses from each subject are measured multiple times during the study period. Two approaches have been widely used to assess the treatment effect, one that compares the rate of change between two groups and the other that tests the time-averaged difference (TAD). While sample size calculations based on comparing the rate of change between two groups have been reported by many investigators, the literature has paid relatively little attention to the sample size estimation for time-averaged difference (TAD) in the presence of heterogeneous correlation structure and missing data in repeated measurement studies...
2017: Communications in Statistics: Theory and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599912/efficacy-of-vision-therapy-in-children-with-learning-disability-and-associated-binocular-vision-anomalies
#10
Jameel Rizwana Hussaindeen, Prerana Shah, Krishna Kumar Ramani, Lalitha Ramanujan
PURPOSE: To report the frequency of binocular vision (BV) anomalies in children with specific learning disorders (SLD) and to assess the efficacy of vision therapy (VT) in children with a non-strabismic binocular vision anomaly (NSBVA). METHODS: The study was carried out at a centre for learning disability (LD). Comprehensive eye examination and binocular vision assessment was carried out for 94 children (mean (SD) age: 15 (2.2) years) diagnosed with specific learning disorder...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599768/exposure-to-science-perspectives-on-science-and-religion-and-religious-commitment-in-young-adulthood
#11
Jeremy E Uecker, Kyle C Longest
Social scientists know very little about the consequences of exposure to scientific knowledge and holding different perspectives on science and religion for individuals' religious lives. Drawing on secularization and post-secular theories, we develop and test several hypotheses about the relationships among exposure to scientific knowledge, perspectives on religion and science, and religious commitment using panel data from the National Study of Youth and Religion. Our findings indicate that religious faith is strongest among young adults who: (1) accommodate scientific knowledge into their religious perspective, or (2) reject scientific knowledge that directly contradicts their religious beliefs about the origins of the world...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598405/design-and-validation-of-a-breathing-detection-system-for-scuba-divers
#12
Corentin Altepe, S Murat Egi, Tamer Ozyigit, D Ruzgar Sinoplu, Alessandro Marroni, Paola Pierleoni
Drowning is the major cause of death in self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving. This study proposes an embedded system with a live and light-weight algorithm which detects the breathing of divers through the analysis of the intermediate pressure (IP) signal of the SCUBA regulator. A system composed mainly of two pressure sensors and a low-power microcontroller was designed and programmed to record the pressure sensors signals and provide alarms in absence of breathing. An algorithm was developed to analyze the signals and identify inhalation events of the diver...
June 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590438/high-manifestations-of-mental-distress-in-arabic-asylum-seekers-accommodated-in-collective-centers-for-refugees-in-germany
#13
Ekaterini Georgiadou, Eva Morawa, Yesim Erim
The number of asylum seekers in Germany has significantly increased in the last two years. Coming from regions of political conflict and war, the refugees have often experienced traumatic events which designate them as a high risk group for mental disorders. In a sample of Arabic speaking asylum seekers in collective accommodation centers in Erlangen, Germany, we estimated the extent of posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety. A further objective of the study was to test the comprehensibility and cultural appropriateness of the Arabic translations of the questionnaires in this sample...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589661/clinical-assessment-of-gastric-emptying-and-sensory-function-utilizing-gamma-scintigraphy-establishment-of-reference-intervals-for-the-liquid-and-solid-components-of-the-nottingham-test-meal-in-healthy-subjects
#14
H L Parker, E Tucker, E Blackshaw, C L Hoad, L Marciani, A Perkins, D Menne, M Fox
BACKGROUND: Current investigations of stomach function are based on small test meals that do not reliably induce symptoms and analysis techniques that rarely detect clinically relevant dysfunction. This study presents the reference intervals of the modular "Nottingham test meal" (NTM) for assessment of gastric function by gamma scintigraphy (GSc) in a representative population of healthy volunteers (HVs) stratified for age and sex. METHODS: The NTM comprises 400 mL liquid nutrient (0...
June 6, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588078/walking-as-a-window-to-risk-and-resiliency
#15
Karen P Alexander
Walking is fundamental to preserving health and independence. An individual's usual pace of walking is also recognized as an indicator of health, risk for dependency, and a predictor of long-term survival. Reducing gait speed by just 0.1m/sec provides important information about outcomes in older adults that goes beyond chronologic age, sex, comorbidity, and self-reported function combined. This small reduction in gate speed is significant because each individual sets the pace necessary to accommodate a host of integrated functions that allow him or her to walk...
June 6, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587672/exploring-parent-reported-barriers-to-supporting-their-child-s-health-behaviors-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Jocelyn W Jarvis, Daniel W Harrington, Heather Manson
BACKGROUND: Parents can influence the health behaviors of their children by engaging in supportive behaviors (e.g., playing outside with their child, limiting recreational screen time). How, and the extent to which parents engage in supportive behaviors may be influenced by perceived barriers. The purpose of this study is to explore whether the frequency, and types, of barriers to providing parental support are dependent on the type of child health behavior being supported (i.e., physical activity, recreational screen time reduction, healthy eating, and sleep)...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584366/biostatistics-series-module-9-survival-analysis
#17
Avijit Hazra, Nithya Gogtay
Survival analysis is concerned with "time to event" data. Conventionally, it dealt with cancer death as the event in question, but it can handle any event occurring over a time frame, and this need not be always adverse in nature. When the outcome of a study is the time to an event, it is often not possible to wait until the event in question has happened to all the subjects, for example, until all are dead. In addition, subjects may leave the study prematurely. Such situations lead to what is called censored observations as complete information is not available for these subjects...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582742/bioaccessibility-of-pahs-in-contaminated-soils-comparison-of-five-in-vitro-methods-with-tenax-as-a-sorption-sink
#18
Shujun Zhang, Chao Li, Yunzi Li, Ruirui Zhang, Peng Gao, Xinyi Cui, Lena Q Ma
For hydrophobic organic contaminants, physiologically based in vitro methods may need to include a sorption sink to simulate in vivo intestinal uptake. We compared PAH bioaccessibility in contaminated soils using five in vitro methods including physiologically based extraction test (PBET), in vitro digestion assay (IVD), method from Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN), unified bioaccessibility method (UBM), and fed organic estimation human simulation test (FOREhST) in the absence and presence of Tenax as a sorption sink...
June 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579145/how-to-prepare-the-patient-for-robotic-surgery-before-and-during-the-operation
#19
REVIEW
Peter C Lim, Elizabeth Kang
Robotic surgery in the treatment of gynecologic diseases continues to evolve and has become accepted over the last decade. The advantages of robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery over conventional laparoscopy are three-dimensional camera vision, superior precision and dexterity with EndoWristed instruments, elimination of operator tremor, and decreased surgeon fatigue. The drawbacks of the technology are bulkiness and lack of tactile feedback. As with other surgical platforms, the limitations of robotic surgery must be understood...
April 27, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571028/integration-of-the-forensic-dimension-into-anti-doping-strategies
#20
François Marclay, Martial Saugy
Traditionally, research in anti-doping has been stimulated by the need for technological improvements to accommodate the expansion of the list of prohibited substances and methods. Nevertheless, in recent years, anti-doping found itself at a crossroads due to the increasing complexity and constant refinement of doping methods. As illustrated by the 2012 USADA (United States Anti-Doping Agency) versus Lance Armstrong case, a change in paradigm was necessary. The exploration of new scientific avenues to understand the mechanisms of doping and pinpoint its practice was most needed to allow designing more efficient preventive or disruptive strategies...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
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