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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532086/freeze-casting-for-plga-carbonated-apatite-composite-scaffolds-structure-and-properties
#1
M Schardosim, J Soulié, D Poquillon, S Cazalbou, B Duployer, C Tenailleau, C Rey, R Hübler, C Combes
This paper focuses on the fabrication of three-dimensional porous PLGA-biomimetic carbonated apatite composite scaffolds by freeze-casting and using dimethyl carbonate as a solvent. Several charge/polymer ratios were tested in order to finely understand the influence of the filler rate on the scaffold porosity and mechanical and degradation properties using complementary characterization techniques (SEM, mercury porosimetry and X-ray microtomography). It was demonstrated that the apatite ratio within the composite scaffold has a strong influence in terms of architecture, material cohesion, mechanical properties and in vitro degradation properties...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531556/mercury-alkylation-in-freshwater-sediments-from-scottish-canals
#2
Olga Cavoura, C C Brombach, R Cortis, C M Davidson, Z Gajdosechova, H E Keenan, E M Krupp
Mercury concentrations were investigated in freshwater sediment from two canals in Scotland, UK. High concentrations found in the Union Canal (35.3-1200 mg kg(-1)) likely originate from historical munitions manufacture, with lower levels in the Forth & Clyde Canal (0.591-9.14 mg kg(-1)). Concentrations of methylmercury (MeHg) were low - from 6.02 to 18.6 μg kg(-1) (0.001-0.023% of total Hg) in the Union Canal and from 3.44 to 14.1 μg kg(-1) (0.11-0.58% of total Hg) in the Forth & Clyde Canal - and there was a significant inverse relationship between total Hg concentration and %MeHg...
May 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527323/revealing-the-ability-of-a-novel-polysaccharide-bioflocculant-in-bioremediation-of-heavy-metals-sensed-in-a-vibrio-bioluminescence-reporter-assay
#3
Arya Sajayan, G Seghal Kiran, S Priyadharshini, Navya Poulose, Joseph Selvin
A bioflocculant-producing bacterial strain, designated MSI021, was isolated from the marine sponge Dendrilla nigra and demonstrated 94% flocculation activity in a kaolin clay suspension. MSI021 was identified as Bacillus cereus based on phylogenetic affiliation and biochemical characteristics. The purified extra-cellular bioflocculant was chemically elucidated as a polysaccharide molecule. The polysaccharide bioflocculant was stable under both acidic and alkaline conditions (pH 2.0-10.0) and temperatures up to 100 °C...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527187/quantitative-stereological-analysis-of-the-highly-porous-hydroxyapatite-scaffolds-using-x-ray-cm-and-sem
#4
Justyna Zygmuntowicz, Aneta Zima, Joanna Czechowska, Karol Szlazak, Anna Ślosarczyk, Katarzyna Konopka
BACKGROUND: Material properties of the scaffolds as well as their microstructure are vital in determining in vivo cellular response. Three-dimensional (3D), highly porous scaffolds are used in tissue engineering to provide a suitable microenvironment and to support regeneration of bone. Both pore sizes and their architecture, in particular interconnection density, impact functionality of scaffold during its biomedical applications. OBJECTIVE: In this paper a comparative study of the microstructure of highly porous hydroxyapatite scaffolds produced via gelcasting of foamed slurries and replication of polyurethane sponge were carried out...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527036/osteogenesis-ability-of-cad-cam-porous-zirconia-scaffolds-enriched-with-nano-hydroxyapatite-particles
#5
Moustafa N Aboushelib, Rehab Shawky
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate osteogenesis ability of CAD/CAM porous zirconia scaffolds enriched with hydroxy apatite used to augment large boney defects in a dog model. METHODS: Surgical defects were made bilaterally on the lower jaw of 12 Beagle dogs. Cone beam CT images were used to create three dimensional images of the healed defects. Porous zirconia scaffolds were fabricated by milling custom made CAD/CAM blocks into the desired shape. After sintering, the pores of half of the scaffolds were filled with a nano-hydroxy apatite (HA) powder while the other half served as control...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527002/design-and-development-of-amperometric-biosensor-for-the-detection-of-lead-and-mercury-ions-in-water-matrix-a-permeability-approach
#6
Manju Bhargavi Gumpu, Uma Maheswari Krishnan, John Bosco Balaguru Rayappan
Intake of water contaminated with lead (Pb(2+)) and mercury (Hg(2+)) ions leads to various toxic effects and health issues. In this context, an amperometric urease inhibition-based biosensor was developed to detect Pb(2+) and Hg(2+) ions in water matrix. The modified Pt/CeO2/urease electrode was fabricated by immobilizing CeO2 nanoparticles and urease using a semi-permeable adsorption layer of nafion. With urea as a substrate, urease catalytic activity was examined through cyclic voltammetry. Further, maximum amperometric inhibitive response of the modified Pt/CeO2/urease electrode was observed in the presence of Pb(2+) and Hg(2+) ions due to the urease inhibition at specific potentials of -0...
May 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526941/urinary-cadmium-and-cotinine-levels-and-hair-mercury-levels-in-czech-children-and-their-mothers-within-the-framework-of-the-cophes-democophes-projects
#7
Kateřina Forysová, Anna Pinkr-Grafnetterová, Marek Malý, Andrea Krsková, Jaroslav Mráz, Lucie Kašparová, Mája Čejchanová, Lenka Sochorová, Sylva Rödlová, Milena Černá
The COPHES/DEMOCOPHES twin project was performed in 2011-2012 in 17 European countries to harmonize all steps of the human biomonitoring survey. Urinary cadmium, cotinine, phthalate metabolites, and hair mercury were measured in children (N = 120, 6-11 years) and their mothers of reproductive age, living in urban or rural areas. Cadmium in mothers' and children's urine was detected at a geometric mean (GM) concentration 0.227 and 0.109 μg/L, respectively; 95th percentile (P95) was 0.655 and 0.280 μg/L in mothers and children, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526320/mercury-exposure-induces-cytoskeleton-disruption-and-loss-of-renal-function-through-epigenetic-modulation-of-mmp9-expression
#8
Hafizurrahman Khan, Radha Dutt Singh, Ratnakar Tiwari, Siddhartha Gangopadhyay, Somendu Kumar Roy, Dhirendra Singh, Vikas Srivastava
Mercury is one of the major heavy metal pollutants occurring in elemental, inorganic and organic forms. Due to ban on most inorganic mercury containing products, human exposure to mercury generally occurs as methylmercury (MeHg) by consumption of contaminated fish and other sea food. Animal and epidemiological studies indicate that MeHg affects neural and renal function. Our study is focused on nephrotoxic potential of MeHg. In this study, we have shown for the first time how MeHg could epigenetically modulate matrix metalloproteinase 9(MMP9) to promote nephrotoxicity using an animal model of sub chronic MeHg exposure...
May 16, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525710/mercury-telluride-quantum-dot-based-phototransistor-enabling-high-sensitivity-room-temperature-photodetection-at-2000-nanometers
#9
Mengyu Chen, Haipeng Lu, Nema M Abdelazim, Ye Zhu, Zhen Wang, Wei Ren, Stephen V Kershaw, Andrey L Rogach, Ni Zhao
Near-to-Mid infrared photodetection technologies could be widely deployed to advance the infrastructures of surveillance, environmental monitoring and manufacturing, if the detection devices would be low-cost, in compact format and with high performance. For such application requirements, colloidal quantum dot (QD) based photodetectors stand out as particularly promising due to the solution processability and ease of integration with silicon technologies; unfortunately, the detectivity of the QD photodetectors towards longer wavelengths has so far been low...
May 19, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524771/mercury-levels-in-parturient-and-newborns-from-aveiro-region-portugal
#10
Ana Catarina Alves, Marta S Monteiro, Ana Luísa Machado, Mário Oliveira, Ana Bóia, Ana Correia, Nuno Oliveira, Amadeu M V M Soares, Susana Loureiro
Since the outbreak of methylmercury (MeHg) poisoning in Japan and Iraq, mercury (Hg) is classified as well-established teratogen. The Portuguese region of Aveiro faced some decades ago an environmental Hg contamination due to activities from a chlor-alkali plant. Until now, no apparent evaluation was conducted regarding prenatal exposure to Hg in this area. The main objectives of this study were to: i) assess maternal and fetal exposure to Hg in the Aveiro region using noninvasive biological matrices; ii) examine the influence of variables that may contribute to Hg exposure during pregnancy; and iii) improve knowledge regarding metal accumulation and distribution over the maternal-fetal-placental unit...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520592/validation-of-the-a-d-um-211-device-for-office-blood-pressure-measurement-according-to-the-european-society-of-hypertension-international-protocol-revision-2010
#11
Claudio Fania, Federica Albertini, Paolo Palatini
The aim of this study was to define the accuracy of UM-211, an automated oscillometric device for office use coupled to several cuffs for different arm sizes, according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension. The validation was performed in 33 individuals. Their mean age was 59.6±12.9 years, systolic blood pressure (BP) was 144.3±21.5 mmHg (range: 96-184 mmHg), diastolic BP was 86.8±18.5 mmHg (range: 48-124 mmHg), and arm circumference was 30.2±4.3 cm (range: 23-39 cm)...
May 17, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516413/self-emulsification-of-lipidic-drug-delivery-system-in-pure-water-and-in-concentrated-glycerol-solution
#12
Carole Planchette, Annalisa Mercuri, Lorenzo Arcangeli, Manfred Kriechbaum, Peter Laggner
Self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS), often intended for oral delivery, are normally explored in biorelevant aqueous media. The high complexity of these multi-component systems leaves the understanding of self-emulsification poor, hindering formulation rationalization. In this work, we aimed to fill this gap by studying the effects of glycerol on the self-emulsification of a ternary component formulation made of 20% w/w Tween 80, 15% w/w Span 80, and 65% w/w Captex 300 Low C6. The behavior of SEDDS in pure water and a binary mixture of water and glycerol (58...
May 17, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514845/in-vivo-mercury-demethylation-in-marine-fish
#13
Xun Wang, Fengchang Wu, Wen-Xiong Wang
Mercury (Hg) in fish has attracted public attention for decades, and methylmercury (MeHg) is the predominant form in fish. However, the in vivo MeHg demethylation and its influence on Hg status in fish have not been well addressed. The present study investigated the in vivo demethylation process in a marine fish (black seabream, Acanthopagrus schlegeli) under dietary MeHg exposure and depuration, and quantified the biotransformation and inter-organ transportation of MeHg by developing a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513536/resonance-rayleigh-scattering-and-sers-spectral-detection-of-trace-hg-ii-based-on-the-gold-nanocatalysis
#14
Huixiang Ouyang, Chongning Li, Qingye Liu, Guiqing Wen, Aihui Liang, Zhiliang Jiang
Mercury (Hg) is a heavy metal pollutant, there is an urgent need to develop simple and sensitive methods for Hg(II) in water. In this article, a simple and sensitive resonance Rayleigh scattering (RRS) method was developed for determination of 0.008-1.33 µmol/L Hg, with a detection limit of 0.003 μmol/L, based on the Hg(II) regulation of gold nanoenzyme catalysis on the HAuCl₄-H₂O₂ to form gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with an RRS peak at 370 nm. Upon addition of molecular probes of Victoria blue B (VBB), the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) peak linearly decreased at 1612 cm(-1) with the Hg(II) concentration increasing in the range of 0...
May 17, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513298/cleaning-of-lead-smelting-flue-gas-scrubber-sludge-and-recovery-of-lead-selenium-and-mercury-by-hydrometallurgical-route
#15
Peng Xing, Baozhong Ma, Chengyan Wang, Yongqiang Chen
The expansion of non-ferrous metal smelting industry in the recent two decades has resulted in the generation of massive quantities of flue gas scrubber sludge containing hazardous heavy metals, such as cadmium, lead, arsenic, selenium and mercury (Hg), posing a potential environmental threat. In this work, lead smelting flue gas scrubber sludge was treated by a hydrometallurgical process to achieve sludge cleaning and economic recovery of metal values lead, selenium and mercury. The sludge was preliminarily leached by sodium chloride solution to extract lead...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511788/porous-structure-of-ion-exchange-membranes-investigated-by-various-techniques
#16
REVIEW
N Kononenko, V Nikonenko, D Grande, C Larchet, L Dammak, M Fomenko, Yu Volfkovich
A comparative review of various techniques is provided: mercury intrusion porosimetry, nitrogen sorption porosimetry, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)-based thermoporosimetry, and standard contact porosimetry (SCP), which allows determining pore volume distribution versus pore radius/water binding energy in ion-exchange membranes (IEMs). IEMs in the swollen state have a labile structure involving micro-, meso- and macropores, whose size is a function of the external water vapor pressure. For such materials, the most appropriate methods for quantifying their porosity are DSC and SCP...
May 9, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508954/-perceived-risks-of-food-contaminants
#17
REVIEW
Severine Koch, Mark Lohmann, Astrid Epp, Gaby-Fleur Böl
BACKGROUND: Food contaminants can pose a serious health threat. In order to carry out adequate risk communication measures, the subjective risk perception of the public must be taken into account. In this context, the breadth of the topic and insufficient terminological delimitations from residues and food additives make an elaborate explanation of the topic to consumers indispensable. A representative population survey used language adequate for lay people and a clear definition of contaminants to measure risk perceptions with regard to food contaminants among the general public...
May 16, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508493/exome-sequencing-reveals-novel-genetic-loci-influencing-obesity-related-traits-in-hispanic-children
#18
Aniko Sabo, Pamela Mishra, Shannon Dugan-Perez, V Saroja Voruganti, Jack W Kent, Divya Kalra, Shelley A Cole, Anthony G Comuzzie, Donna M Muzny, Richard A Gibbs, Nancy F Butte
OBJECTIVE: To perform whole exome sequencing in 928 Hispanic children and identify variants and genes associated with childhood obesity. METHODS: Single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) were identified from Illumina whole exome sequencing data using integrated read mapping, variant calling, and an annotation pipeline (Mercury). Association analyses of 74 obesity-related traits and exonic variants were performed using SeqMeta software. Rare autosomal variants were analyzed using gene-based association analyses, and common autosomal variants were analyzed at the SNV level...
May 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507557/exogenous-glutathione-enhances-mercury-tolerance-by-inhibiting-mercury-entry-into-plant-cells
#19
Yeon-Ok Kim, Hyeun-Jong Bae, Eunjin Cho, Hunseung Kang
Despite the increasing understanding of the crucial roles of glutathione (GSH) in cellular defense against heavy metal stress as well as oxidative stress, little is known about the functional role of exogenous GSH in mercury (Hg) tolerance in plants. Here, we provide compelling evidence that GSH contributes to Hg tolerance in diverse plants. Exogenous GSH did not mitigate the toxicity of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), or zinc (Zn), whereas application of exogenous GSH significantly promoted Hg tolerance during seed germination and seedling growth of Arabidopsis thaliana, tobacco, and pepper...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506526/molecular-simulation-and-biochemical-studies-support-an-elevator-type-transport-mechanism-in%C3%A2-eiic
#20
Jumin Lee, Zhenning Ren, Ming Zhou, Wonpil Im
Enzyme IIC (EIIC) is a membrane-embedded sugar transport protein that is part of the phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferases. Crystal structures of two members of the glucose EIIC superfamily, bcChbC in the inward-facing conformation and bcMalT in the outward-facing conformation, were previously solved. Comparing the two structures led us to the hypothesis that sugar translocation could be achieved by an elevator-type transport mechanism in which a transport domain binds to the substrate and, through rigid body motions, transports it across the membrane...
May 13, 2017: Biophysical Journal
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