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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820668/mental-health-and-coping-patterns-in-jewish-gay-men-in-israel-the-role-of-dual-identity-conflict-religious-identity-and-partnership-status
#1
Moshe Zeidner, Attara Zevulun
This study examined the effects of dual identity conflict, religious identity (religious/spiritual vs. sexual), and partnership status on the coping strategies and mental health of gay Jewish men in modern Israeli society. Participants were 73 religious and 71 secular gay men recruited via email, social networking sites, and online resources targeting sexual minority men. Participants were assessed via measures of identity conflict, mental health, and coping strategies. Jewish gay men who reported more severe identity conflict also reported using less problem-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance coping strategies and reported poorer mental health than their less identity-conflicted counterparts...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812022/histopathologic-differences-between-jewish-and-arab-population-in-israel-at-first-time-presentation-with-bladder-cancer
#2
Ofir Avitan, Zaher Bahouth, Sarel Halachmi, Sagi Shprits, Ismail Masarwa, Edmond Sabo, Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ
BACKGROUND: Pathology of urothelial carcinoma may vary in different populations at diagnosis. Our aim was to evaluate the histopathologic differences between Jewish and Arab patients in Israel at first diagnosis of urothelial cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of all patients with confirmed urothelial cancer, treated at our department between January 2010 and January 2015. We examined the distribution of the histopathologic data among the studied populations...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806946/improving-access-to-mental-health-care-in-an-orthodox-jewish-community-a-critical-reflection-upon-the-accommodation-of-otherness
#3
Phil McEvoy, Tracey Williamson, Raphael Kada, Debra Frazer, Chardworth Dhliwayo, Linda Gask
BACKGROUND: The English National Health Service (NHS) has significantly extended the supply of evidence based psychological interventions in primary care for people experiencing common mental health problems. Yet despite the extra resources, the accessibility of services for 'under-served' ethnic and religious minority groups, is considerably short of the levels of access that may be necessary to offset the health inequalities created by their different exposure to services, resulting in negative health outcomes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804494/editorial-population-genetics-of-worldwide-jewish-people
#4
EDITORIAL
Eran Elhaik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804384/migration-and-changes-in-loneliness-over-a-4-year-period-the-case-of-older-former-soviet-union-immigrants-in-israel
#5
Pnina Dolberg, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Liat Ayalon
Both older adult and immigrant populations are at a high risk of loneliness. The current research compares older veteran Israelis to older immigrants who arrived in Israel from the former Soviet Union (FSU) after 1989. Early studies have found high levels of loneliness among older FSU immigrants; however, little is known regarding changes in loneliness among this group over time. The present study examines change in loneliness among older FSU immigrants and older veteran Jewish Israelis and its potential predictors...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797215/the-cadm2-gene-is-associated-with-processing-speed-performance-evidence-among-elderly-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Lior Greenbaum, Ramit Ravona-Springer, Abigail Livny, Shahar Shelly, Inbal Sharvit-Ginon, Ithamar Ganmore, Anna Alkelai, Anthony Heymann, Michal Schnaider Beeri
OBJECTIVES: Recent large scale meta-analysis of genome wide association studies (GWAS) from multiple cohorts, demonstrated the association of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17518584, with processing speed (measured by the Digit Symbol Substitution Task (DSST) or the Letter Digit Substitution Test (LDST)), at GWAS significance level. This SNP is located within the cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2) gene. We aimed to validate this finding in our sample of 944 cognitively normal Jewish elderly individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D), a population which is at risk for cognitive decline and dementia...
August 11, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796598/prevalence-correlates-and-time-trends-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-among-israeli-adults-estimates-from-the-israeli-national-health-interview-survey-2014-2015
#7
Samah Hayek, Anneke Ifrah, Teena Enav, Tamy Shohat
INTRODUCTION: Chronic diseases constitute a major public health challenge. The prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCC) has increased. The objective of our study was to describe the prevalence, correlates, and time trends of MCC in the Israeli population and among the nation's 2 main population groups (Jewish and Arab). METHODS: To describe the prevalence of correlates of MCC, we used data from the 2014-2015 Israeli National Health Interview Survey-III (INHIS-III)...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794693/human-genetics-in-troubled-times-and-places
#8
REVIEW
Peter S Harper
The development of human genetics world-wide during the twentieth century, especially across Europe, has occurred against a background of repeated catastrophes, including two world wars and the ideological problems and repression posed by Nazism and Communism. The published scientific literature gives few hints of these problems and there is a danger that they will be forgotten. The First World War was largely indiscriminate in its carnage, but World War 2 and the preceding years of fascism were associated with widespread migration, especially of Jewish workers expelled from Germany, and of their children, a number of whom would become major contributors to the post-war generation of human and medical geneticists in Britain and America...
2018: Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791563/differences-in-quality-of-life-between-jewish-and-arab-patients-on-hemodialysis
#9
Orly Romano-Zelekha, Eliezer Golan, Anneke Ifrah, Talia Weinstein, Tamy Shohat
PURPOSE: Higher health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in dialysis patients has been associated with fewer hospitalizations and lower mortality. Since Arab patients on dialysis have better survival rates than Jewish patients, we hypothesized that they would have higher HRQOL. We also studied the impact of several risk factors on HRQOL in each population. METHODS: Based on a national dialysis registry, patients from 64 hemodialysis units were recruited to participate...
August 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791521/online-module-for-carrier-screening-in-ashkenazi-jewish-individuals-compared-with-in-person-genetics-education-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Chia Wei Fan, Lysanne Castonguay, Sonja Rummell, Sébastien Lévesque, John J Mitchell, Guillaume Sillon
To increase accessibility to genetics services for low-urgency patients seeking Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) carrier screening, we designed an interactive computer (IC) module that provides pre-test genetics education and allows genetics professionals to order the test without meeting the patients beforehand. We compared this module with in-person genetic counseling (GC) using a randomized trial. AJ individuals were randomized to undergo genetics education via the IC module (n = 26) or GC (n = 28). We compared post-interventional genetics knowledge, perceived genetic risk, and anxiety between the two groups, after accounting for pre-interventional scores, using ANCOVA...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779903/peripartum-cardiomyopathy-is-associated-with-increased-uric-acid-concentrations-a-population-based-study
#11
Iftach Sagy, Amjad Abu Salman, Louise Kezerle, Offer Erez, Idan Yoel, Leonid Barski
BACKGROUND: Peri-partum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a clinical heart failure that usually develops during the final stage of pregnancy or the first months following delivery. High maternal serum uric acid concentrations have been previous associated with heart failure and preeclampsia. OBJECTIVES: 1) To explored the clinical characteristics of PPCM patients; and 2) to determine the association between maternal serum uric acid concentrations and PPCM. METHODS: This is a retrospective population based case control study...
August 2, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762891/coping-strategies-used-by-parents-of-children-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-sectional-study-of-palestinians-and-israelis
#12
Wedad Masalha, Gail Auslander
This study examined the use and helpfulness of coping strategies and patterns among parents of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants were 122 Arab-Israeli, Jewish-Israeli, and Palestinian parents of 65 children with TBI following their discharge from pediatric rehabilitation hospital. Family-focused strategies were highly prevalent and most helpful among both mothers and fathers. Jewish mothers reported that support coping pattern (but not medical or family) was more helpful than did Arab-Israeli and Palestinian mothers...
August 1, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757484/-scholasticism-is-a-daughter-of-judaism-the-discovery-of-jewish-influence-on-medieval-christian-thought
#13
George Y Kohler
This article retells the surprising discovery of a considerable Jewish influence on Christian scholasticism in the Middle Ages. While most students of Albert the Great and Thomas Aquinas knew that both had read Jewish philosophy, only the rediscovery of especially Maimonides's Guide of the Perplexed by Jewish philosophers in the nineteenth century showed the whole extent of the scholastics' dependence on Jewish predecessors - especially where they do not refer to them specifically. This Jewish discovery naturally faced Catholic resistance, if not denial, and turns thus into an interesting chapter in the history of theological ideas...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754795/impact-of-sixteen-established-pancreatic-cancer-susceptibility-loci-in-american-jews
#14
Samantha A Streicher, Alison P Klein, Sara H Olson, Laufey T Amundadottir, Andrew T DeWan, Hongyu Zhao, Harvey A Risch
BACKGROUND: The higher risk of pancreatic cancer in Ashkenazi Jews compared to non-Jews is only partially explained by the increased frequency of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in Ashkenazi Jews. METHODS: We evaluated the impact of 16 established pancreatic cancer susceptibility loci in a case-control sample of American Jews, largely Ashkenazi, including 406 full-Jewish pancreatic cancer patients and 2,332 full-Jewish controls, genotyped as part of the Pancreatic Cancer Cohort and Case-Control Consortium I/II (PanScan I/II), Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4), and Resource for Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) data sets...
July 28, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750370/social-birth-rites-of-passage-for-the-newborn
#15
Michael Obladen
Rites of passage mark important changes during human life and, for the neonate, its transition from intrauterine life into society. Their original intent was to purify the body from blood and meconium. But the cleansing rites had a spiritual dimension from the very start. When the rites of Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Jewish, Greek, Roman, Hindu, Nordic, Muslim, Maya, and Christian cultures are briefly compared, they reveal a remarkable similarity. What most rites had in common was the cleansing of the body, or sprinkling it with water; special clothing; the exorcism of evil spirits; blessings and prayers for good spirits; and a name-giving ceremony and a feast for family, relatives, and friends...
July 28, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748769/the-role-of-victimization-in-shaping-households-preparedness-for-armed-conflicts-in-israel
#16
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: One of the most prominent threats to the Israeli population is the risk from armed conflicts. Yet, promoting preparedness behavior proves to be highly difficult. Arguably, this is partially due to the chronic exposure of the Israeli public to this threat, a.k.a. "Victimization." The purpose of this study was to examine whether victimization plays a prominent role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts in Israel. METHODS: An online survey of 502 participants representing the adult Jewish population in Israel was carried out...
July 27, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748224/utility-of-genetic-testing-for-confirmation-of-abnormal-newborn-screening-in-disorders-of-long-chain-fatty-acids-a-missed-case-of-carnitine-palmitoyltransferase-1a-cpt1a-deficiency
#17
Leah Dowsett, Lauren Lulis, Can Ficicioglu, Sanmati Cuddapah
An 18-month-old male was evaluated after presenting with disproportionately elevated liver transaminases in the setting of acute gastroenteritis. He had marked hepatomegaly on physical exam that was later confirmed with an abdominal ultrasound. Given this clinical picture, suspicion for a fatty acid oxidation disorder was raised. Further investigation revealed that his initial newborn screen was positive for carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT1A) deficiency-a rare autosomal recessive disorder of long-chain fatty acid oxidation...
June 2017: International Journal of Neonatal Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740420/a-cross-cultural-perspective-of-medical-clowning-comparison-of-its-effectiveness-in-reducing-pain-and-anxiety-among-hospitalized-bedouin-and-jewish-israeli-children
#18
Zehavit Gilboa-Negari, Sarah Abu-Kaf, Ephrat Huss, Gavriel Hain, Asher Moser
PURPOSE: Medical clowning has proven effective for reducing pain, anxiety, and stress, however, its differential effects on children from different cultures have not yet been researched. This study evaluated the effects of medical-clowning intervention on anxiety and pain among Jewish and Bedouin children, and anxiety among their parents, in southern Israel. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in hospital pediatric departments and employed a pre-post design involving quantitative and qualitative methods...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738224/meat-from-cattle-slaughtered-without-stunning-sold-in-the-conventional-market-without-appropriate-labelling-a-case-study-in-italy
#19
Priscilla D'amico, Nicolò Vitelli, Beniamino Cenci Goga, Daniele Nucera, Francesca Pedonese, Alessandra Guidi, Andrea Armani
In the European Union, slaughter without stunning is allowed for religious slaughter to obtain halal and kosher meat. Especially in the case of Jewish slaughtering, cuts which are not deemed as kosher are sold to regular market without any specific labelling. This survey, conducted in Tuscany in 2016, aimed to quantify the carcasses rejected in relation to the type of religious slaughter. 656 bovines were slaughtered without stunning: 538 (82%) for halal and 118 (18%) for kosher. All carcasses slaughtered by the Islamic procedure (dhabiha) were considered halal, while 77...
July 18, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736986/adolescent-body-mass-index-and-risk-of-colon-and-rectal-cancer-in-a-cohort-of-1-79-million-israeli-men-and-women-a-population-based-study
#20
Zohar Levi, Jeremy D Kark, Lior H Katz, Gilad Twig, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Yaara Leibovici Weissman, Adi Leiba, Irena Lipshiez, Lital Keinan Boker, Arnon Afek
BACKGROUND: This study examined the association between the body mass index (BMI) in late adolescence and the risk of colon and rectal cancer. METHODS: This study analyzed a cohort of 1,087,358 Jewish men and 707,212 Jewish women who underwent health examinations at the ages of 16 to 19 years between 1967 and 2002 and were followed by linkage to the national cancer registry up to 2012. Cox regression was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for cancer according to age- and sex-adjusted BMI percentiles from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (overweight, 85th percentile to <95th percentile; obesity, ≥95th percentile)...
July 24, 2017: Cancer
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