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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730943/collective-in-exile-utilizing-terror-management-theory-to-understand-women-s-wailing-performance
#1
Tova Gamliel
Although women's wailing at death rites in various cultures typically amplifies mortality salience, this ritual phenomenon is absent in the research literature on terror management theory (TMT). This study explored Yemenite-Jewish wailing in Israel as an example of how a traditional performance manages death anxiety in a community context. Observations of wailing events and interviews with Yemenite-Jewish wailers and mourners in Israel were analyzed to understand respondents' perceptions of the experience of wailing as well as the anxiety-oriented psychotherapeutic expertise involved...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728769/social-inclusion-of-children-with-down-syndrome-jewish-and-muslim-mothers-knowledge-attitudes-beliefs-and-behavioral-intentions
#2
Sivia Barnoy, Anna Biton, Michal Itzhaki
PURPOSE: The current study examined mothers' knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and intention to socially integrate children with Down syndrome (DS) in the family, with children without disabilities and school system. DESIGN AND METHODS: A questionnaire based on a descriptive, cross-sectional design was administered to Jewish and Muslim mothers. The questionnaire included demographics, knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and intention to integrate children with DS. Analysis included a regression test of intention to integrate children with DS and a one-way ANOVA for differences between Jewish and Muslim mothers...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727877/genetic-predisposition-to-breast-cancer-due-to-mutations-other-than-brca1-and-brca2-founder-alleles-among-ashkenazi-jewish-women
#3
Tom Walsh, Jessica B Mandell, Barbara M Norquist, Silvia Casadei, Suleyman Gulsuner, Ming K Lee, Mary-Claire King
Importance: Among Ashkenazi Jewish women, 3 mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 severely increase the risk of breast and ovarian cancer. However, among Ashkenazi Jewish patients with breast cancer who do not carry one of these founder mutations, the likelihood of carrying another pathogenic mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2 or another breast cancer gene is not known. This information would be valuable to the patient and family for cancer prevention and treatment. Objective: To determine the frequency of cancer-predisposing mutations other than the BRCA1 and BRCA2 founder alleles among patients of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry with breast cancer...
July 20, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726569/founder-ashkenazi-jewish-mutations-of-large-deletion-in-the-inherited-retinal-dystrophy-genes
#4
John Pei-Wen Chiang, Hongyu Luo, Jie Duan, Josef Ekstein, Yoel Hirsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725097/surviving-the-holocaust-socio-demographic-differences-among-amsterdam-jews
#5
Peter Tammes
This study determined the victimisation rate among Amsterdam Jews and socio-demographic differences in surviving the Holocaust. After linking a registration list of over 77,000 Jewish inhabitants in 1941 to post-war lists of Jewish victims and survivors, the victimisation rate lies between 74.3 and 75.3 %. Differences in survival chances and risk of being killed are examined by using multivariable logistic and Cox regression analyses. While male Jews had a reduced risk of death, in the end their survival chances hardly differed from females...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720650/the-status-of-the-human-embryo-in-various-religions
#6
William Neaves
Research into human development involves the use of human embryos and their derivative cells and tissues. How religions view the human embryo depends on beliefs about ensoulment and the inception of personhood, and science can neither prove nor refute the teaching of those religions that consider the zygote to be a human person with an immortal soul. This Spotlight article discusses some of the dominant themes that have emerged with regard to how different religions view the human embryo, with a focus on the Christian faith as well as Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish and Islamic perspectives...
July 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715979/a-serendipitous-scientist
#7
Robert J Lefkowitz
Growing up in a middle-class Jewish home in the Bronx, I had only one professional goal: to become a physician. However, as with most of my Vietnam-era MD colleagues, I found my residency training interrupted by the Doctor Draft in 1968. Some of us who were academically inclined fulfilled this obligation by serving in the US Public Health Service as commissioned officers stationed at the National Institutes of Health. This experience would eventually change the entire trajectory of my career. Here I describe how, over a period of years, I transitioned from the life of a physician to that of a physician scientist; my 50 years of work on cellular receptors; and some miscellaneous thoughts on subjects as varied as Nobel prizes, scientific lineages, mentoring, publishing, and funding...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715275/twice-silenced-the-underreporting-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-orthodox-jewish-communities
#8
David Katzenstein, Lisa Aronson Fontes
Child sexual abuse remains an underreported crime throughout the world, despite extensive research and resources dedicated both to improving investigative techniques and helping children disclose their experiences. The discovery of rampant cover-ups within the Catholic Church has exposed some of the ways religious and cultural issues can impede reporting to authorities. This article examines specific factors that contribute to the underreporting of child sexual abuse within Orthodox Jewish communities. It also explores ways in which these communities have handled child sexual abuse reporting in the past and describes recent progress...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712192/journey-from-black-to-pink-gums-management-of-melanin-induced-physiological-gingival-hyper-pigmentation
#9
Huma Farid, Muhammad Saad Shinwari, Farhan Raza Khan, Farzin Tanwir
Smile is an expression of happiness, self-confidence, kindness and beauty. Along with teeth and lips, gingiva is also a vital component of smile. Melanin induced gingival hyper pigmentation may appear un-aesthetic especially when it is associated with high smile line, upper anterior labial segment and is uneven in appearance. It affects individuals from all races. Generally, it is believed that melanin induced gingival hyper pigmentation is confined to individuals from dark races. But studies have shown that Iranian, Indian, Italian, Arabian, Greek...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709439/enhanced-antimicrobial-de-escalation-for-pneumonia-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-a-cross-over-study
#10
Tracy Trupka, Kristen Fisher, Scott T Micek, Paul Juang, Marin H Kollef
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are commonly administered to hospitalized patients with infiltrates for possible bacterial pneumonia, often leading to unnecessary treatment and increasing the risk for resistance emergence. Therefore, we performed a study to determine if an enhanced antibiotic de-escalation practice could improve antibiotic utilization in mechanically ventilated patients with suspected pneumonia cared for in an academic closed intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: This was a prospective cross-over trial comparing routine antibiotic management (RAM) and enhanced antimicrobial de-escalation (EAD) performed within two medical ICUs (total 34 beds) at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, an academic referral center...
July 15, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707866/two-orthodoxies-and-science-comparative-reflections
#11
COMMENT
Yakov M Rabkin
This essay offers a comparative discussion of attitudes to science within Jewish and Christian Orthodoxies. When it touches on the contemporary period, it deals with different varieties of Jewish Orthodoxy rather than the more liberal Jewish denominations. Debates about science and religion, rarely involving active—let alone prominent—scientists, take place within both religious traditions. The issues can be roughly divided in two categories—cognitive and social—even though the two may occasionally intersect...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707303/prediction-of-geriatric-rehabilitation-outcomes-comparison-between-three-cognitive-screening-tools
#12
Noemi Heyman, Tatyana Tsirulnicov, Merav Ben Natan
AIM: Comparison between the predictions of functional rehabilitation outcomes at a department of geriatric rehabilitation using three cognitive screening tools - Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), and Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE). METHODS: This study is a prospective study. The study participants were 212 patients aged 65 and older admitted to rehabilitation departments at a geriatric facility in central Israel, from April 2016 to October 2016...
July 14, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705468/association-of-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-il10-polymorphisms-with-motoric-cognitive-risk-syndrome-in-an-ashkenazi-jewish-population
#13
Sanish Sathyan, Nir Barzilai, Gil Atzmon, Sofiya Milman, Emmeline Ayers, Joe Verghese
Motoric cognitive risk (MCR) syndrome is a newly described predementia syndrome characterized by the presence of cognitive complaints and slow gait, which is associated with increased risk of conversion to dementia. The underlying biological mechanisms for MCR have not yet been established. Neuroinflammation mediated through cytokines plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of dementia. Hence, our objective was to prospectively examine whether variations in cytokine genes (CRP, IFNG, IL1A, IL1B, IL4, IL6, IL10, IL18, TNF, and IL12A) play a role in MCR incidence in 530 community-dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 years and older without MCR or dementia at baseline enrolled in the LonGenity study...
June 19, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699573/the-first-jewish-astronomers-lunar-theory-and-reconstruction-of-a-dead-sea-scroll
#14
Eshbal Ratzon
Argument The Astronomical Book of Enoch describes the passage of the moon through the gates of heaven, which stand at the edges of the earth. In doing so, the book describes the position of the rising and setting of the moon on the horizon. Otto Neugebauer, the historian of ancient science, suggested using the detailed tables found in later Ethiopic texts in order to reconstruct the path of the moon through the gates. This paper offers a new examination of earlier versions of the Astronomical Book, using a mathematical analysis of the figures and astronomical theories presented throughout the Aramaic Astronomical Book; the results fit both the data preserved in the scrolls and the mathematical approach and religious ideology of the scroll's authors better than the details found in the late Ethiopic texts...
June 2017: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696908/the-place-of-culture-and-religion-in-patterns-of-disclosure-and-reporting-sexual-abuse-of-males-a-case-study-of-ultra-orthodox-male-victims
#15
Sara Zalcberg
This article deals with reporting patterns of sexual abuse in males in a religious-cultural context through a case study of ultra-Orthodox Jewish (Haredi) men who were young victims of sexual abuse. The study is based on in-depth interviews with 40 Haredi men. The results indicate that sexual abuse involving ultra-Orthodox boys was and is underreported. Moreover, the results indicate that even when such incidents were reported, the avenues for disclosure were parents, educational-religious figures, and friends...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690137/cost-effectiveness-of-population-based-brca-testing-with-varying-ashkenazi-jewish-ancestry
#16
Ranjit Manchanda, Shreeya Patel, Antonis C Antoniou, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Clare Turnbull, Gareth Evans, John Hopper, Robert J Macinnis, Usha Menon, Ian Jacobs, Rosa Legood
BACKGROUND: Population-based BRCA1/BRCA2 testing has been found to be cost-effective compared with family history-based testing in Ashkenazi-Jewish women were >30 years old with 4 Ashkenazi-Jewish grandparents. However, individuals may have 1, 2, or 3 Ashkenazi-Jewish grandparents, and cost-effectiveness data are lacking at these lower BRCA prevalence estimates. We present an updated cost-effectiveness analysis of population BRCA1/BRCA2 testing for women with 1, 2, and 3 Ashkenazi-Jewish grandparents...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679692/an-unusual-genomic-variant-of-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-with-an-indolent-clinical-course
#17
Zachary A Kohutek, Lauren M Rosati, Junguei Hong, Justin Poling, Marc A Attiyeh, Alvin Makohon-Moore, Joseph M Herman, Christine A Iacobuzio-Donahue
We describe an 85-yr-old male of Ashkenazi Jewish descent with biopsy-proven locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). The patient underwent a modified course of gemcitabine and stereotactic body radiation therapy and survived for 42 mo with a stable pancreatic head mass and no evidence of metastatic disease before death due to complications from a stroke. Whole-exome sequencing of his tumor revealed a simple genome landscape with no evidence of mutations, copy-number changes, or structural alterations in genes most commonly associated with PDA (i...
July 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678812/augmented-renal-clearance-is-not-a-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-enterobacteriaceae-bloodstream-infections-treated-with-appropriate-empiric-antimicrobials
#18
Jason P Burnham, Scott T Micek, Marin H Kollef
The main objective of the study was to assess whether augmented renal clearance was a risk factor for mortality in a cohort of patients with Enterobacteriaceae sepsis, severe sepsis, or septic shock that all received appropriate antimicrobial therapy within 12 hours. Using a retrospective cohort from Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a 1,250-bed teaching hospital, we collected data on individuals with Enterobacteriaceae sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock who received appropriate initial antimicrobial therapy between June 2009 and December 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675042/factors-associated-with-routine-screening-for-the-early-detection-of-breast-cancer-in-cultural-ethnic-and-faith-based-communities
#19
Anat Freund, Miri Cohen, Faisal Azaiza
OBJECTIVES: Studies have shown a lower adherence to health behaviors among women in cultural-ethnic minorities and faith-based communities, especially lower screening attendance for the early detection of breast cancer. This study compares factors related to cancer screening adherence in two distinct cultural-ethnic minorities in Israel: Arab women as a cultural-ethnic minority and Jewish ultra-Orthodox women as a cultural-ethnic faith-based minority. DESIGN: During the year 2014, a total of 398 Jewish ultra-Orthodox women and 401 Arab women between the ages of 40-60, were randomly selected using population-based registries...
July 4, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657222/young-israeli-women-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-prevalence-of-brca-mutations-and-clinical-correlates
#20
Limor Helpman, Omri Zidan, Eitan Friedman, Sarit Kalfon, Tamar Perri, Gilad Ben-Baruch, Jacob Korach
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates disease patterns and outcomes in young Israeli epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients and their association with BRCA mutation status. METHODS: Consecutive EOC patients diagnosed at or below 50 years in a single institution between 1995-2011 were identified. All patients are referred for genetic counseling and testing for the predominant Jewish BRCA mutations: BRCA1-185delAG, BRCA1-5382insC, and BRCA2-6174delT. A comparison between BRCA mutation carriers and non-carriers was undertaken across demographic, pathologic, and clinical features; recurrence and survival were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and associations with the variables of interest were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards method...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
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