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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430935/sensation-seeking-and-adolescent-alcohol-use-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-unstructured-socializing-with-peers
#1
Sharon Sznitman, Batya Engel-Yeger
Background: Researchers have theorized that adolescents high in sensation seeking are particularly sensitive to positive reinforcement and the rewarding outcomes of alcohol use, and thus that the personality vulnerability is a direct causal risk factor for alcohol use. In contrast, the routine activity perspective theorizes that part of the effect of sensation seeking on alcohol use goes through the propensity that sensation seekers have towards unstructured socializing with peers. The study tests a model with indirect and direct paths from sensation seeking and participation in unstructured peer socialization to adolescent alcohol use...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427781/smoking-increases-the-likelihood-of-helicobacter-pylori-treatment-failure
#2
David Itskoviz, Doron Boltin, Haim Leibovitzh, Tsachi Tsadok Perets, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon Cohen, Yaron Niv, Zohar Levi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Data regarding the impact of smoking on the success of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication are conflicting, partially due to the fact that sociodemographic status is associated with both smoking and H. pylori treatment success. We aimed to assess the effect of smoking on H. pylori eradication rates after controlling for sociodemographic confounders. METHODS: Included were subjects aged 15 years or older, with a first time positive C(13)-urea breath test (C(13)-UBT) between 2007 to 2014, who underwent a second C(13)-UBT after receiving clarithromycin-based triple therapy...
March 27, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427540/high-resolution-computed-tomography-pattern-of-usual-interstitial-pneumonia-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease-relationship-to-survival
#3
Zulma X Yunt, Jonathan H Chung, Stephen Hobbs, Evans R Fernandez-Perez, Amy L Olson, Tristan J Huie, Rebecca C Keith, William J Janssen, Barbara L Goldstein, David A Lynch, Kevin K Brown, Jeffrey J Swigris, Joshua J Solomon
PURPOSE: Interstitial lung disease is a common extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA-ILD) and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. However, limited data exist regarding predictors of mortality. We sought to examine the prognostic value of the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) patterns in patients with RA-ILD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: RA-ILD patients with HRCT patterns of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) or nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) were identified among a longitudinal cohort of individuals evaluated at National Jewish Health...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422853/gastritis-in-patients-undergoing-sleeve-gastrectomy-prevalence-ethnic-distribution-and-impact-on-glycemic
#4
Lea Rath-Wolfson, Roy Varona, Golan Bubis, Alexander Tatarov, Rumelia Koren, Edward Ram
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a therapeutic option in severely obese patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Helicobacter pylori (HP) gastritis and non-Helicobacter gastritis in the gastrectomy specimens, and its association to other variables.One hundred six sleeve gastrectomy specimens were examined histopathologically for the presence of gastritis and its relation to other factors like ethnicity, glycemic control, and postoperative complications.Twelve patients had HP gastritis, 39 had non-HP gastritis, and 55 had normal mucosa...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419353/the-effect-of-ramadan-fast-on-the-incidence-of-renal-colic-emergency-department-visits
#5
Iftach Sagy, Vladimir Zeldetz, Daniel Halperin, Muhammad Abu Tailakh, Victor Novack
Background: Renal colic (RC) is one of the most common reasons for emergency department (ED) visits. Although RC is associated with high ambient temperature and with physiological changes that occur during fast, the literature onbetween Ramadan and RC incidence is scarce. Methods: We obtained health data of patients visited the emergency department (ED) of a large tertiary center during the years 2004-2015, with a primary diagnosis of RC. To estimate the association of RC and Ramadan, we utilized bi-weekly RC incidence Poisson models adjusted for ambient temperature and seasonality in two ethnic groups residing in the region: Muslims and Jews...
April 13, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406934/dat-spect-assessment-depicts-dopamine-depletion-among-asymptomatic-g2019s-lrrk2-mutation-carriers
#6
Moran Artzi, Einat Even-Sapir, Hedva Lerman Shacham, Avner Thaler, Avi Orr Urterger, Susan Bressman, Karen Marder, Talma Hendler, Nir Giladi, Dafna Ben Bashat, Anat Mirelman
Identification of early changes in Dopamine-Transporter (DaT) SPECT imaging expected in the prodromal phase of Parkinson's disease (PD), are usually overlooked. Carriers of the G2019S LRRK2 mutation are known to be at high risk for developing PD, compared to non-carriers. In this work we aimed to study early changes in Dopamine uptake in non-manifesting PD carriers (NMC) of the G2019S LRRK2 mutation using quantitative DaT-SPECT analysis and to examine the potential for early prediction of PD. Eighty Ashkenazi-Jewish subjects were included in this study: eighteen patients with PD; thirty-one NMC and thirty-one non-manifesting non-carriers (NMNC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401406/the-impact-of-militarism-patriarchy-and-culture-on-israeli-women-s-reproductive-health-and-well-being
#7
Leeat Granek, Ora Nakash
PURPOSE: In this paper, we situate and frame Israeli women's reproductive health within the social, historical, political, cultural, and geographical context of Israeli women's lives. METHODS: We used a theoretical review in this paper. RESULTS: Militarism, patriarchy, and cultural values heavily shape and influence Jewish and Arab women's access to and experience of reproductive health when it comes to the imperative to have children, pregnancy, birth, access to contraception and abortion, and other reproductive healthcare services...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399827/organization-level-principles-and-practices-to-support-spiritual-care-at-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-study
#8
Paul Holyoke, Barry Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Though most models of palliative care specifically include spiritual care as an essential element, secular health care organizations struggle with supporting spiritual care for people who are dying and their families. Organizations often leave responsibility for such care with individual care providers, some of whom are comfortable with this role and well supported, others who are not. This study looked to hospice programs founded and operated on specific spiritual foundations to identify, if possible, organizational-level practices that support high-quality spiritual care that then might be applied in secular healthcare organizations...
April 11, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397042/association-of-adipoq-and-adipor-variants-with-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#9
Xuan Tan, Guo-Bin Wang, Yong Tang, Jie Bai, Lin Ye
Numerous epidemiological studies have studied the association of adiponectin (ADIPOQ) gene and adiponectin receptor (ADIPOR) gene polymorphisms with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but the outcomes were incomplete and inconsistent. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the associations systematically. All eligible case-control studies published up to Jan. 2015 were searched from PubMed, the Cochrane library, Elsevier, Wiley Online library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang data and Chongqing VIP...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384154/structured-mating-patterns-and-implications
#10
Ronnie Sebro, Gina M Peloso, Josée Dupuis, Neil J Risch
Genetic similarity of spouses can reflect factors influencing mate choice, such as physical/behavioral characteristics, and patterns of social endogamy. Spouse correlations for both genetic ancestry and measured traits may impact genotype distributions (Hardy Weinberg and linkage equilibrium), and therefore genetic association studies. Here we evaluate white spouse-pairs from the Framingham Heart Study (FHS) original and offspring cohorts (N = 124 and 755, respectively) to explore spousal genetic similarity and its consequences...
April 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380723/social-workers-attempts-to-navigate-among-the-elderly-their-families-and-foreign-home-care-workers-in-the-haredi-community
#11
Anat Freund, Tova Band-Winterstein
BACKGROUND: The study's aim is to examine social workers' experience in facilitating the integration of foreign home care workers (FHCWs) into the ultraorthodox Jewish (UOJ) community for the purpose of treating older adults. METHOD: Using the qualitative-phenomenological approach, semistructured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 social workers in daily contact with UOJ older adult clients in the process of integrating FHCWs. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed three central themes-integrating FHCWs into the aging UOJ family: barriers and challenges in the interaction between the two worlds; "even the rabbi has a FHCW": changing trends in caring for older adults; and the social worker as mediator and facilitator of a successful relationship...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379764/school-hygiene-as-a-tool-of-modernization-european-culture-and-jewish-colonies-in-galilee-1882-1939
#12
Yair Seltenreich
During the efforts to modernize the farmers of Jewish colonies in Galilee, both teachers and doctors came to view hygiene less as an agent of health and cleanliness and more as a symbol of physical and mental regeneration. Schools thus emerged as a natural arena for hygieno-pedagogic activities. Doctors' attempts to eradicate malaria or trachoma by associating the concept of hygiene with modern sanitation and outdoor activities were soon followed by pedagogical efforts to endow hygiene with moral values.
2017: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379407/association-of-family-history-of-exceptional-longevity-with-decline-in-physical-function-in-aging
#13
Emmeline Ayers, Nir Barzilai, Jill P Crandall, Sofiya Milman, Joe Verghese
Background: Although many genetic and nongenetic factors interact to determine an individual's physical phenotype, there has been limited examination of the contribution of family history of exceptional parental longevity on decline in physical function in aging. Methods: The LonGenity study recruited a relatively genetically homogenous cohort of Ashkenazi Jewish adults age 65 and older, who were defined as either offspring of parents with exceptional longevity ([OPEL]: having at least one parent who lived to age 95 or older) or offspring of parents with usual survival ([OPUS]: neither parent survived to age 95)...
April 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377679/creating-a-web-based-digital-photographic-archive-one-hospital-library-s-experience
#14
Caroline Marshall, Janet Hobbs
BACKGROUND: Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a nonprofit community hospital based in Los Angeles. Its history spans over 100 years, and its growth and development from the merging of 2 Jewish hospitals, Mount Sinai and Cedars of Lebanon, is also part of the history of Los Angeles. The medical library collects and maintains the hospital's photographic archive, to which retiring physicians, nurses, and an active Community Relations Department have donated photographs over the years. The collection was growing rapidly, it was impossible to display all the materials, and much of the collection was inaccessible to patrons...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376121/the-time-and-place-of-european-admixture-in-ashkenazi-jewish-history
#15
James Xue, Todd Lencz, Ariel Darvasi, Itsik Pe'er, Shai Carmi
The Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) population is important in genetics due to its high rate of Mendelian disorders. AJ appeared in Europe in the 10th century, and their ancestry is thought to comprise European (EU) and Middle-Eastern (ME) components. However, both the time and place of admixture are subject to debate. Here, we attempt to characterize the AJ admixture history using a careful application of new and existing methods on a large AJ sample. Our main approach was based on local ancestry inference, in which we first classified each AJ genomic segment as EU or ME, and then compared allele frequencies along the EU segments to those of different EU populations...
April 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374593/-infectious-diseases-and-laboratory-diagnosisin-the-terezin-jewish-ghetto
#16
K Horáčková, Z Hrstka, P Grulich, E Hlaváčková
The article is a historical review study which deals with the epidemiological situation in the Terezin Jewish Ghetto, including the possibilities for laboratory diagnosis and remembrance of important medical personalities. Valid primary data (monographs, memoirs, archival collections, photographs, and daily orders) were retrieved based on source criticism to be processed using a document content analysis approach. In conclusion, the findings are briefly compared with the respective data from the Warsaw and Lodz ghettos...
2017: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373903/does-pain-take-holidays-non-attendance-rates-at-a-hospital-based-pain-clinic-are-elevated-during-the-jewish-high-holidays
#17
Motti Ratmansky, Nitzan Hai, Tzion Schlossberg, Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Avraham Schweiger
BACKGROUND: Patient non-attendance is an expensive and persistent problem worldwide with rates between 5-39% reported in the literature. The objective of the study was to assess whether there is a higher incidence of non-attendance in a hospital-based pain clinic during the period of the Jewish High Holidays (Rosh-Hashanah to Sukkot) and whether this is further compounded by other factors, such as demographic characteristics and previous visits to the clinic. METHODS: Records were taken from the Lowenstein Rehabilitation Hospital appointment scheduling system...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370385/familial-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-in-israel-a-disproportionate-distribution-among-ashkenazi-jews
#18
Mor Zada, Daniele Lerner, Yuval Piltz, Chava Perry, Irit Avivi, Yair Herishanu
BACKGROUND: Relatives of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are at increased risk of developing CLL. Familial CLL is defined as more than one case of CLL among blood relatives, a phenomenon reported in approximately 5-10% of all CLL patients. OBJECTIVE: Given the known predisposition of CLL among Ashkenazi Jews, we studied the features of familial CLL in an Israeli population. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, in which we reviewed the demographics, clinical characteristics and outcomes of a total of 332 patients with CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma...
March 31, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366896/banning-the-soviet-lobotomy-psychiatry-ethics-and-professional-politics-during-late-stalinism
#19
Benjamin Zajicek
This article examines how lobotomy came to be banned in the Soviet Union in 1950. The author finds that Soviet psychiatrists viewed lobotomy as a treatment of "last resort," and justified its use on the grounds that it helped make patients more manageable in hospitals and allowed some to return to work. Lobotomy was challenged by psychiatrists who saw mental illness as a "whole body" process and believed that injuries caused by lobotomy were therefore more significant than changes to behavior. Between 1947 and 1949, these theoretical and ethical debates within Soviet psychiatry became politicized...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366886/leopold-zunz-and-the-meanings-of-i-wissenschaft-i
#20
Amos Bitzan
When Jewish historians narrate the history of their field, they often point to Leopold Zunz (1794-1886) as its founder. My article challenges the notion that Zunz's early understanding of Wissenschaft was primarily historical. Reconstructing the meaning of Wissenschaft for Zunz in its context, I argue that it was more philosophical than historical and closely linked to an ideal of character formation. Zunz's view of Wissenschaft reveals the ways in which German idealist philosophy, neo-Humanist manifestos, and a Romantic religious reform agenda could produce a scientific interest in the human past that seems at odds with central tenets of historicism...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
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