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The FDA authorized 23andMe to market the first direct-to-consumer test to check for three BRCA1/2 mutations associated with a higher risk of developing breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers. The mutations are most commonly found in about 2% of women of Ashkenazi Jewish descent.
March 14, 2018: Cancer Discovery
Ai-Vi Nguyen, Yau-Lok Austin Ong, Cindy Xin Luo, Thiviya Thuraisingam, Michael Rubino, Mindy F Levin, Franceen Kaizer, Philippe S Archambault
PURPOSE: To identify the facilitators and barriers perceived by clinicians to using an Exergaming Room as adjunct to conventional therapy. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative study using an interpretive description methodology. SUBJECTS: Ten clinicians (four physical therapists, six occupational therapists) from the Stroke Program at the Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital (nine female, one male, age range 25-50 years old) who referred clients to the Exergaming Room...
March 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Kotaro Hara, Takao Someya, Katsura Sano, Yoshimasa Sagane, Toshihiro Watanabe, R G S Wijesekara
This article describes free radical-scavenging activities of extracts of several plants harvested in Sri Lanka through the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay. These plants have traditionally been used in the indigenous systems of medicine in Sri Lanka, such as Ayurveda, as described below. (English name, "local name in Sri Lanka," (scientific name)). bougainvillea plant, "bouganvilla," ( Bougainvillea grabla ), purple fruited pea eggplant,"welthibbatu," ( Solanum trilobatum ) [1], country borage plant, "kapparawalliya," ( Plectranthus amboinicus ) [2], malabar nut plant, "adhatoda," ( Justicia adhatoda ) [3], long pepper plant,"thippili," ( Piper longum ) [4], holy basil plant, "maduruthala," ( Ocimum tenuiflorum ) [5], air plant, "akkapana," ( Kalanchoe pinnata ) [6], plumed cockscomb plant, "kiri-henda," ( Celosia argentea ) [7], neem plant,"kohomba," ( Azadirachta indica ) [8], balipoovu plant, "polpala," ( Aerva lanata ) [9], balloon-vine plant, "wel penera," ( Cardiospermum halicacabum ) [10], emblic myrobalan plant, "nelli," ( Phyllanthus emblica ) [11], indian copperleaf plant, "kuppameniya," ( Acalypha indica ) [12], spreading hogweed plant, "pita sudu sarana," ( Boerhavia diffusa ) [13], curry leaf plant, "karapincha," ( Murraya koenigii ) [14], indian pennywort plant, "gotukola," ( Centera asiatica ) [15], jewish plum plant, "ambarella,"( Spondias dulcis ) [16]...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Chagit Peles, Mary Rudolf, Michael Weingarten, Miriam Ethel Bentwich
Promoting healthy lifestyle from early childhood is a key objective in public health, yet health behaviors are often culturally driven, especially in closed-religious communities. This study aims to reveal key cultural-religious aspects of attitudes and behaviors regarding lifestyle in one such closed community-the ultra-orthodox Jewish community. In-depth interviews were conducted with 20 participants: religious leaders, educational figures, psycho-medical professionals from two major ultra-orthodox communities in Israel...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Limor Givon, Avi Levi, Boaz Bloch, Eyal Fruchter
BACKGROUND: Suicide Prevention is an ongoing task for mental health services. This article describes a pilot program for suicide prevention that took place in two districts in Israel from 2009 to 2012. The program targeted specific population, patients in high-risk for suicide, without major mental illness or previous association with the mental health system. In that group many suicide attempts were due to stressful life events. METHODS: Patients who performed a suicide attempt or were considered high-risk for suicide were referred to the project...
March 3, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Miri Kestler-Peleg, Osnat Lavenda
The present study examines a mother's perception of her pregnancy as risking herself and her fetus, as a mediator of the association between depressive symptoms during pregnancy and depressive symptoms 5 years after giving birth, regardless of actual objective risk. 290 Jewish Israeli mothers filled out self-reported questionnaires dealing with objective risk, subjective risk and depressive symptoms. The findings confirmed partial mediation effect, implying a potential negative impact of the preventive efforts usually made, by increasing risk perception with long-term costs for mothers, especially for those who have already developed depressive symptoms...
February 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Gilad Twig, Asaf Vivante, Tarif Bader, Estela Derazne, Avishai M Tsur, Moran Levi, Nehama Goldberger, Adi Leiba, Jeremy D Kark
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) in adolescence with mortality attributed to kidney disease. METHODS: In this study, 2,294,139 Jewish Israeli adolescents with measured weight and height at 17 years old during the military fitness assessment were analyzed with a follow-up extending up to 45 years. All kidney-related outcomes, coded by the Central Bureau of Statistics from death notifications as the underlying cause of death, were obtained by linkage...
March 2, 2018: Obesity
Noa Vilchinsky, Orna Reges, Morton Leibowitz, Abdulrahim Khaskia, Morris Mosseri, Jeremy D Kark
PURPOSE: Despite its proven efficacy, low participation rates in cardiac prevention and rehabilitation programs (CPRPs) prevail worldwide, especially among ethnic minorities. This is strongly evident in Israel's Arab minority. Since psychological distress has been found to be associated with CPRP participation and minorities are subjected to higher levels of distress, it is plausible that distress may be an important barrier for CPRP participation among minority patients. The current prospective study assessed the contribution of depression and anxiety symptoms to participation in a CPRP after acute coronary syndrome, both in the enrollment phase and when considering adherence over time, among Jewish (majority) and Arab (minority) patients in Israel...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Muhammad M Haj-Yahia, Becky Leshem, Neil B Guterman
The study examined family and teacher support as factors that can protect adolescents from internalized and externalized problems after exposure to community violence (ECV). Self-administered questionnaires were filled out by a sample of 1,832 Arab and Jewish Israeli high school students. The Arab adolescents reported significantly higher levels of community violence victimization, internalized problems, externalized problems, family support, and teacher support than the Jewish adolescents. The girls reported higher levels of internalized problems, and the boys reported higher levels of externalized problems...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
A Benjamin Srivastava, Alex T Ramsey, Leslie D McIntosh, Thomas C Bailey, Sherri L Fisher, Louis Fox, Mario Castro, Yinjiao Ma, Timothy B Baker, Li-Shiun Chen, Laura J Bierut
Introduction: Effective smoking cessation medications are readily available but may be underutilized in hospital settings. In our large, tertiary care hospital, we aimed to: 1) characterize patient tobacco use prevalence across medical specialties, 2) determine smoking cessation pharmacotherapy prescription variation across specialties, and 3) identify opportunities for improvement in practice. Methods: Using electronic health records at Barnes Jewish Hospital (BJH), we gathered demographic data, admitting service, admission route, length of stay, self-reported tobacco use, and smoking cessation prescriptions over a 6-year period, from 2010 to 2016...
February 22, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Franziska Eckert, Paul Weindling, Astrid Ley, Hans-Joachim Lang, Sascha Lang, Gabriele Moser
Whereas the scientific community is aware of atrocities committed by medical doctors like Mengele, the specifics of radiology and radiation oncology during National Socialism remain largely unknown. Starting in 2010, the German Radiology Association and the German Association of Radiation Oncology coordinated a national project looking into original archival material. A national committee convened in 2013 to discuss the project's findings, which were also the subject of a symposium at the University of Tuebingen in 2016 on radiology under National Socialism...
February 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Shelli L Feder, David Collett, Samantha Conley, Dena Schulman-Green, Tikva Meron, Nathan Cherny
BACKGROUND: In Israel, palliative care (PC) services are limited. This study assessed Israeli nurses' perceived competencies and educational needs in providing PC. DESIGN: Online administration of the End-of-Life Professional Caregiver Survey (EPCS). SETTING/SUBJECTS: Oncology and PC nurses were identified through the Israel Ministry of Health and Oncology Nurses' Society. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic and practice data were analysed using analysis of variance tests to determine differences between nurse characteristics by EPCS domains...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Margaret L McCarthy, Sarah M Ordway, Ryan M Jones, Jeremy G Perkins
Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is an autosomal disorder which manifests as bleeding of varying severity. While homozygotes typically experience more dramatic bleeding symptoms, heterozygotes may experience clinically significant bleeding following surgical procedures or trauma, and therefore the condition is not purely recessive. The clinical significance of FXI deficiency is complicated in that FXI levels do not correlate well with bleeding severity, and in fact the bleeding risk is variable even for an individual in response to different haemostatic challenges...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Aradhana Perry, Chelsea Gardener, Jonathan Dove, Yocheved Eiger, Kate Loewenthal
INTRODUCTION: This article describes a successful community-based partnership project between statutory and third-sector services targeting the strictly Orthodox Jewish community (OJC). METHODS: The City and Hackney Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) Access Service (East London NHS Foundation Trust (ELFT)) collaborated with Bikur Cholim, a local third-sector organisation based in the heart of a north London Charedi OJC, to develop a brief culturally tailored psychoeducational group intervention focusing on mental health promotion and prevention...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Amit P Amin, Patricia Crimmins-Reda, Samantha Miller, Brandon Rahn, Mary Caruso, Andrew Pierce, Brandy Dennis, Marissa Pendegraft, Katrine Sorensen, Howard I Kurz, John M Lasala, Alan Zajarias, Richard G Bach, Hemant Kulkarni, Jasvindar Singh
BACKGROUND: Same-day discharge (SDD) after elective percutaneous coronary intervention is safe, less costly, and preferred by patients, but it is usually performed in low-risk patients, if at all. To increase the appropriate use of SDD in more complex patients, we implemented a "patient-centered" protocol based on risk of complications at Barnes-Jewish Hospital. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our objectives were as follows: (1) to evaluate time trends in SDD; (2) to compare (a) mortality, bleeding, and acute kidney injury, (b) patient satisfaction, and (c) hospital costs by SDD versus no SDD (NSDD); and (3) to compare SDD eligibility by our patient-centered approach versus Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions guidelines...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Ariela Popper-Giveon, Yael Keshet
Patients' refusal of treatment based on the practitioner's ethnic identity reveals a clash of values: neutrality in medicine versus patient-centered care. Taking the Israeli-Palestinian conflict into account, this article aims at examining Israeli health care professionals' points of view concerning patients' refusal of treatment because of a practitioner's ethnic identity. Fifty in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 managers and 40 health care professionals, Jewish and Arab, employed at 11 public hospitals...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Iftach Sagy, Victor Novack, Michael Gdalevich, Dan Greenberg
BACKGROUND: During 2013, isolation of a wild type 1 poliovirus from routine sewage sample in Israel, led to a national OPV campaign. During this period, there was a constant cover of the outbreak by the mass media. AIMS: To investigate the association of media exposure and OPV and non-OPV vaccines uptake during the 2013 silent polio outbreak in Israel. METHODS: We received data on daily immunization rates during the outbreak period from the Ministry of Health (MoH)...
February 10, 2018: Vaccine
Michel Lévy
In the Jewish religion, the body is the receptacle of the soul, and both are connected. Created in God's image, the body must be respected by the caregiver and by the patient. Judaism imposes constraints, but these restrictions must be lifted if a person's life is in danger.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
Tova Band-Winterstein
BACKGROUND: In the last 30 years, elder abuse and neglect has been recognized as a social and health-related problem. The aim of this paper is to describe the phenomenon of elder abuse and neglect in a separatist faith-based society (ultra-Orthodox Jewish society-UOJS). METHODS: A qualitative-phenomenological study with 28 social workers who underwent in-depth semi-structured interviews based on an interview guide consisting of the following items: visibility of the elder abuse and neglect phenomenon in the ultra-Orthodox society, and dilemmas and sensitive issues that arise when working with this population...
February 13, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Ori Eyal, Asaf Oren, Dganit Almasi-Wolker, Yardena Tenenbaum-Rakover, Marianna Rachmiel, Naomi Weintrob
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) as the first presentation of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a serious complication that is preventable. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for DKA at presentation of T1DM to delineate high-risk Israeli populations that could benefit from preventative measures. METHODS: Data for this multicenter retrospective study were collected from the medical files of three pediatric diabetes centers representing three districts in Israel...
February 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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