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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332513/the-meaning-of-choosing-a-spouse-among-ultra-orthodox-jewish-women-who-found-themselves-in-a-violent-relationship
#1
Tova Band-Winterstein, Ilanit Tuito
This research note addresses how ultra-Orthodox Jewish women in Israel coping with intimate partner violence experienced the spouse selection process. In-depth semistructured qualitative-phenomenological interviews were conducted with 17 women. Four major themes emerged: (a) "The matchmaker seemingly fell asleep on her watch"; (b) The parents' mistakes; (c) "The rabbi told me to jump into the water. Now he should hand me the paddles to get out!" The rabbi's role; and (d) "That's it . . . I follow it blindly": The system...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329596/the-epidemiology-of-psoriatic-arthritis-in-israel-a-population-based-study
#2
Lihi Eder, Arnon Dov Cohen, Ilan Feldhamer, Sari Greenberg-Dotan, Erez Batat, Devy Zisman
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the epidemiology of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in general and in Middle Eastern populations in particular. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence and incidence rates of PsA and their temporal trends in the general population in Israel. METHODS: In this study, a cohort of adult patients with PsA was derived from the database of Clalit Health Services (CHS), Israel's largest health fund, with over 4.4 million members...
January 2, 2018: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326879/characteristics-of-26-patients-with-type-3-gaucher-disease-a-descriptive-analysis-from-the-gaucher-outcome-survey
#3
Ida Vanessa D Schwartz, Özlem Göker-Alpan, Priya S Kishnani, Ari Zimran, Lydie Renault, Zoya Panahloo, Patrick Deegan
The Gaucher Outcome Survey (GOS) is an international disease-specific registry established in 2010 for patients with a confirmed diagnosis of Gaucher disease (GD), regardless of GD type or treatment status. Historically, there has been a limited understanding of type 3 GD (GD3) and its natural history in patients irrespective of their treatment status. Here, we describe the disease characteristics of patients with GD3 enrolled in GOS. As of October 2015, 1002 patients had been enrolled, 26 of whom were reported as GD3...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321258/functional-variants-in-the-lrrk2-gene-confer-shared-effects-on-risk-for-crohn-s-disease-and-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Ken Y Hui, Heriberto Fernandez-Hernandez, Jianzhong Hu, Adam Schaffner, Nathan Pankratz, Nai-Yun Hsu, Ling-Shiang Chuang, Shai Carmi, Nicole Villaverde, Xianting Li, Manual Rivas, Adam P Levine, Xiuliang Bao, Philippe R Labrias, Talin Haritunians, Darren Ruane, Kyle Gettler, Ernie Chen, Dalin Li, Elena R Schiff, Nikolas Pontikos, Nir Barzilai, Steven R Brant, Susan Bressman, Adam S Cheifetz, Lorraine N Clark, Mark J Daly, Robert J Desnick, Richard H Duerr, Seymour Katz, Todd Lencz, Richard H Myers, Harry Ostrer, Laurie Ozelius, Haydeh Payami, Yakov Peter, John D Rioux, Anthony W Segal, William K Scott, Mark S Silverberg, Jeffery M Vance, Iban Ubarretxena-Belandia, Tatiana Foroud, Gil Atzmon, Itsik Pe'er, Yiannis Ioannou, Dermot P B McGovern, Zhenyu Yue, Eric E Schadt, Judy H Cho, Inga Peter
Crohn's disease (CD), a form of inflammatory bowel disease, has a higher prevalence in Ashkenazi Jewish than in non-Jewish European populations. To define the role of nonsynonymous mutations, we performed exome sequencing of Ashkenazi Jewish patients with CD, followed by array-based genotyping and association analysis in 2066 CD cases and 3633 healthy controls. We detected association signals in the LRRK2 gene that conferred risk for CD (N2081D variant, P = 9.5 × 10-10) or protection from CD (N551K variant, tagging R1398H-associated haplotype, P = 3...
January 10, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309488/progression-in-the-lrrk2-asssociated-parkinson-disease-population
#5
Rachel Saunders-Pullman, Anat Mirelman, Roy N Alcalay, Cuiling Wang, Roberto A Ortega, Deborah Raymond, Helen Mejia-Santana, Martha Orbe-Reilly, Brooke A Johannes, Avner Thaler, Laurie Ozelius, Avi Orr-Urtreger, Karen S Marder, Nir Giladi, Susan B Bressman
Importance: Few prospective longitudinal studies have evaluated the progression of Parkinson disease (PD) in patients with the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2 [OMIM 609007]) mutation. Knowledge about such progression will aid clinical trials. Objective: To determine whether the longitudinal course of PD in patients with the LRRK2 mutation differs from the longitudinal course of PD in patients without the mutation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective comprehensive assessment of a large cohort of patients from 3 sites with LRRK2 PD or with nonmutation PD was conducted from July 21, 2009, to September 30, 2016...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300381/a-homozygous-founder-missense-variant-in-arylsulfatase-g-abolishes-its-enzymatic-activity-causing-atypical-usher-syndrome-in-humans
#6
Samer Khateb, Björn Kowalewski, Nicola Bedoni, Markus Damme, Netta Pollack, Ann Saada, Alexey Obolensky, Tamar Ben-Yosef, Menachem Gross, Thomas Dierks, Eyal Banin, Carlo Rivolta, Dror Sharon
PurposeWe aimed to identify the cause of disease in patients suffering from a distinctive, atypical form of Usher syndrome.MethodsWhole-exome and genome sequencing were performed in five patients from three families of Yemenite Jewish origin, suffering from distinctive retinal degeneration phenotype and sensorineural hearing loss. Functional analysis of the wild-type and mutant proteins was performed in human fibrosarcoma cells.ResultsWe identified a homozygous founder missense variant, c.133G>T (p.D45Y) in arylsulfatase G (ARSG)...
January 4, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294921/domestic-violence-in-arab-society-a-comparison-of-arab-and-jewish-women-in-shelters-in-israel
#7
Anat Ben-Porat, Drorit Levy, Ola Kattoura, Rachel Dekel, Haya Itzhaky
The aim of the current study was to address a gap in the literature by determining prevalence, specific types of violence, and risk factors of intimate partner violence (IPV) among Israeli born Arab women compared with Israeli born Jewish women. The following measures were compared: demographic and socioeconomic measures; measures relating to the characteristics of the violence, that is, the three types of violence (physical, emotional, and verbally threatening), sense of danger, and history of violence in childhood; family support levels; and perpetrator characteristics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294915/multiple-traumas-maternal-depression-mother-child-relationship-social-support-and-young-children-s-behavioral-problems
#8
Miriam Schiff, Ruth Pat-Horenczyk, Yuval Ziv, Danny Brom
This study examined whether maternal depression, mother-child relationships, and maternal perceived social support mediate the associations between child's exposure to multiple traumatic events and behavioral problems. We recruited a representative sample of 904 Israeli (Jewish and Arab) mothers and their 2- to 6-year-old children. Data collection was conducted through structured face-to-face interviews with the mothers between July and November 2011. All measures were completed by the mothers. We used the child's and mother's exposure to political violence questionnaires, Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), a short version of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294821/-victim-perpetrator-or-just-my-brother-sibling-sexual-abuse-in-large-families-a-child-advocacy-center-study
#9
Dafna Tener, Noam Tarshish, Shosh Turgeman
Sibling sexual abuse (SSA) is a continuum of childhood sexual behaviors that do not fit the category of age-appropriate curiosity. Although SSA may be the most prevalent and longest lasting form of intrafamilial sexual abuse-as well as the one with the worst repercussions-it is also the least reported, studied, and treated. Based on 100 mostly religious Jewish families referred to a child advocacy center (CAC) in Jerusalem from 2010 to 2015, this qualitative study examines SSA characteristics, dynamics, and perceptions of deviancy in multisibling subsystems...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294747/patterns-of-service-utilization-among-women-who-are-victims-of-domestic-violence-the-contribution-of-cultural-background-characteristics-of-violence-and-psychological-distress
#10
Anat Ben-Porat
The study examined patterns of utilization of various services among female victims of domestic violence in Israel. The study looked at how cultural background, characteristics of violence, attempts at separation from partner, and women's emotional distress contributed to patterns of service utilization. The sample of participants included 499 women who arrived at 12 shelters in Israel. Of those participants, 142 were Jewish, 156 were Arab, 125 had been born in the former Soviet Union (FSU), and 76 had been born in Ethiopia...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294734/intimate-partner-violence-prevalence-recurrence-types-and-risk-factors-among-arab-and-jewish-immigrant-and-nonimmigrant-women-of-childbearing-age-in-israel
#11
Nihaya Daoud, Ruslan Sergienko, Ilana Shoham-Vardi
This research set out to determine prevalence, recurrence, types, and risk factors for intimate partner violence (IPV) among women of childrearing age across Israel, attending to diversity in these factors by ethnicity and immigration status. The first nationwide study of its kind, this research was based on a stratified proportional cluster sample of 1,401 Arab, and Jewish immigrant and nonimmigrant women (aged 16-48 years) who visited 63 maternal and child health (MCH) clinics between October 2014 and October 2015...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288066/cost-effectiveness-of-population-based-brca1-founder-mutation-testing-in-sephardi-jewish-women
#12
Shreeya Patel, Rosa Legood, D Gareth Evans, Clare Turnbull, Antonis C Antoniou, Usha Menon, Ian Jacobs, Ranjit Manchanda
BACKGROUND: Population-based BRCA1/BRCA2 founder-mutation testing has been demonstrated as cost-effective compared to family-history(FH) based testing in Ashkenazi Jewish(AJ) women. However, only one of the three AJ BRCA1/BRCA2 founder-mutations (185delAG(c.68_69delAG), 5382insC(c.5266dupC) and 6174delT(c.5946delT)) is found in the Sephardi Jewish(SJ) population (185delAG(c.68_69delAG)) and the overall prevalence of BRCA mutations in the SJ population is accordingly lower (0.7% compared to 2...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282112/religious-leaders-perceptions-of-advance-care-planning-a-secondary-analysis-of-interviews-with-buddhist-christian-hindu-islamic-jewish-sikh-and-bah%C3%A3-%C3%A3-leaders
#13
Amanda Pereira-Salgado, Patrick Mader, Clare O'Callaghan, Leanne Boyd, Margaret Staples
BACKGROUND: International guidance for advance care planning (ACP) supports the integration of spiritual and religious aspects of care within the planning process. Religious leaders' perspectives could improve how ACP programs respect patients' faith backgrounds. This study aimed to examine: (i) how religious leaders understand and consider ACP and its implications, including (ii) how religion affects followers' approaches to end-of-life care and ACP, and (iii) their implications for healthcare...
December 28, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280879/the-public-face-of-transplantation-the-potential-of-education-to-expand-the-face-donor-pool
#14
Natalie M Plana, Laura L Kimberly, Brendan Parent, Kimberly S Khouri, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Elise M Fryml, Catherine C Motosko, Daniel J Ceradini, Arthur Caplan, Eduardo D Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing success of facial transplantation, organ donor shortages remain challenging. Educational health campaigns can effectively inform the general public and institute behavioral modifications. A brief educational introduction to facial transplantation may positively influence the public's position on facial donation. METHODS: The authors anonymously surveyed 300 participants, gathering basic demographic information, donor registration status, awareness of facial transplantation, and willingness to donate solid organs and facial allografts...
January 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276794/the-role-of-dietary-patterns-and-exceptional-parental-longevity-in-healthy-aging
#15
Sriram Gubbi, Nir Barzilai, Jill Crandall, Joe Verghese, Sofiya Milman
BACKGROUND: Individuals with exceptional longevity and their offspring manifest a lower prevalence of age-related diseases than families without longevity. However, the contribution of dietary habits to protection from disease has not been systematically assessed in families with exceptional longevity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare dietary patterns between individuals with parental longevity and individals without parental longevity. METHODS: Dietary intake was evaluated using the Block Brief Food Frequency Questionnaire in 234 community dwelling Ashkenazi Jewish adults aged 65 years and older who were participants of the LonGenity study, which enrolls the offspring of parents with exceptional longevity (OPEL) and offspring of parents with usual survival (OPUS)...
December 7, 2017: Nutrition and Healthy Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276708/association-between-sleep-patterns-and-health-in-families-with-exceptional-longevity
#16
Lavy Klein, Tina Gao, Nir Barzilai, Sofiya Milman
Background: Sleep patterns such as longer sleep duration or napping are associated with poor health outcomes. Although centenarians and their offspring demonstrate a delayed onset of age-related diseases, it is not known whether they have healthier sleep patterns or are protected against the negative effects of sleep disturbances. Methods: Data on sleep patterns and health history were collected from Ashkenazi Jewish subjects of the Longevity Genes Project using standardized questionnaires...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276052/nonsyndromic-retinitis-pigmentosa-in-the-ashkenazi-jewish-population-genetic-and-clinical-aspects
#17
Adva Kimchi, Samer Khateb, Rong Wen, Ziqiang Guan, Alexey Obolensky, Avigail Beryozkin, Shoshi Kurtzman, Anat Blumenfeld, Eran Pras, Samuel G Jacobson, Tamar Ben-Yosef, Hadas Newman, Dror Sharon, Eyal Banin
PURPOSE: To analyze the genetic and clinical findings in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients of Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) descent, aiming to identify genotype-phenotype correlations. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Retinitis pigmentosa patients from 230 families of AJ origin. METHODS: Sanger sequencing was performed to detect specific founder mutations known to be prevalent in the AJ population. Ophthalmologic analysis included a comprehensive clinical examination, visual acuity (VA), visual fields, electroretinography, color vision testing, and retinal imaging by OCT, pseudocolor, and autofluorescence fundus photography...
December 22, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248904/depression-and-somatic-symptoms-among-two-ethnic-groups-in-israel-testing-three-theoretical-models
#18
Sarah Abu-Kaf, Golan Shahar
INTRODUCTION: This study examined three theoretical models of the relationship between depressive symptoms and somatic complaints among Bedouin Arab and Jewish college/university students in Israel. The functional model suggests that somatic complaints may precede depressive symptoms; the affect-dysregulation model suggests that depressive symptoms may precede somatic complaints; and the sociocultural model suggests that depressive symptoms are strongly linked to somatic complaints mainly in Western cultural contexts...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248902/are-sense-of-coherence-and-hope-related-constructs-examining-these-concepts-in-three-cultural-groups-in-israel
#19
Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Sarah Abu-Kaf, Tehila Kalagy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between two coping factors which facilitate adoptive adjustment when facing stressful situations. We have examined links between sense of coherence (SOC) and the concept of hope as well as its wish and expectation components and its collective and individual dimensions. We have studied three cultural groups in Israel: secular Jews, religious Jews and Bedouin Arabs. METHOD: Data were collected during two military operations (Pillar of Clouds and Protective Edge) from 385 adolescents aged 12-18; 76 secular Jews, 110 religious Jews and 199 Bedouin Arabs...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248023/readmissions-with-multidrug-resistant-infection-in-patients-with-prior-multidrug-resistant-infection
#20
Jason P Burnham, Jennie H Kwon, Margaret A Olsen, Hilary M Babcock, Marin H Kollef
OBJECTIVE To determine incidence of and risk factors for readmissions with multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infections among patients with previous MDRO infection. DESIGN Retrospective cohort of patients admitted between January 1, 2006, and October 1, 2015. SETTING Barnes-Jewish Hospital, a 1,250-bed academic tertiary referral center in St Louis, Missouri. METHODS We identified patients with MDROs obtained from the bloodstream, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)/bronchial wash, or other sterile sites. Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC) and European CDC definitions of MDROs were utilized...
December 17, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
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