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Jinbin Liu, Jing Jiang, Yajun Bai, Tai-Ping Fan, Ye Zhao, Xiaohui Zheng, Yujie Cai
Bacteria rarely produce natural 2-phenylethanol. We verified a new pathway from Proteus mirabilis JN458 to produce 2-phenylethanol using Escherichia coli to co-express L-amino acid deaminase, α-keto acid decarboxylase, and alcohol dehydrogenase from P. mirabilis. Based on this pathway, a glucose dehydrogenase coenzyme regeneration system was constructed. The optimal conditions of biotransformation by the recombinant strain E-pAEAKaG were at 40°C and pH 7.0. Finally, the recombinant strain E-pAEAKaG produced 3...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Martha A Zepeda-Rivera, Christina C Saak, Karine A Gibbs
The bacterium Proteus mirabilis can communicate identity through the secretion of the self-identity protein, IdsD, via the type VI secretion (T6S) system. IdsD secretion is essential for self versus non-self recognition behaviors in these populations. Here we provide an answer to the unresolved question of how the activity of a T6S substrate, such as IdsD, is regulated before secretion. We demonstrate that IdsD is found in clusters that form independently of the T6S machinery and activity. We show that the protein IdsC, which is a member of the proposed DUF4123 chaperone family, is essential for the maintenance of these clusters as well as the IdsD protein itself...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
Juliana S Novais, Caroline S Moreira, Ana Carolina J A Silva, Raquel S Loureiro, Agnes Marie Sá Figueiredo, Vitor F Ferreira, Helena C Castro, David R da Rocha
The aims of this study were the planning, synthesis and in vitro evaluation of 2-hydroxy-3-phenylsulfanylmethyl-[1,4]-naphthoquinones against Gram-negative and Gram-positive strains, searching for potential lead compounds against bacterial biofilm formation. A series of 12 new analogs of 2-hydroxy-3-phenylsulfanylmethyl-[1,4]-naphthoquinones were synthesized by adding a thiol and different substituents to a ο-quinone methide using microwave irradiation. The compounds were tested against Gram-positive (Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 29212, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, S...
March 14, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Dewi Yunita, Christine E R Dodd
A commercial blue-veined cheese made from unpasteurized milk was examined by conventional culturing and PCR denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of the bacterial community 16S rRNA genes using 3 primer sets, V3, V4V5, and V6V8. Genomic DNA for amplification was extracted directly from raw milk, starter culture, cheese at different stages of production, fully ripened cheese, and from the cultured cells grown on various media. The outer rind was sampled separately from the inner white core and blue veins...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam, Ali Mohammad Shirzad, Mehri Habibi, Saeid Bouzari
Complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by Proteus mirabilis are among the most common disorders. An effective vaccine could reduce the prevalence of such infections and antibiotic resistance in society. In the present study, the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of different combinations of the MrpH adhesion and flagellin (FliC) of P. mirabilis was evaluated in a prime-boost strategy of vaccination. Applying the FliC as an adjuvant resulted in the stimulation of mixed Th1- and Th2-immune responses against the truncated form of MrpH with a shift toward Th1...
March 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
C Ranieri, S Di Tommaso, D C Loconte, V Grossi, P Sanese, R Bagnulo, F C Susca, G Forte, A Peserico, A De Luisi, A Bartuli, A Selicorni, D Melis, M Lerone, A D Praticò, G Abbadessa, Y Yu, B Schwartz, Martino Ruggieri, Cristiano Simone, Nicoletta Resta
Postzygotic mutations of the PIK3CA [phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha] gene constitutively activate the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS) patients, causing congenital mosaic tissue overgrowth that even multiple surgeries cannot solve. mTOR inhibitors are empirically tested and given for compassionate use in these patients. PROS patients could be ideal candidates for enrolment in trials with PI3K/AKT pathway inhibitors, considering the "clean" cellular setting in which a unique driver, a PIK3CA mutation, is present...
March 16, 2018: Neurogenetics
Nicholas Agyepong, Usha Govinden, Alex Owusu-Ofori, Sabiha Yusuf Essack
Background: Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria have emerged as major clinical and therapeutic dilemma in hospitals in Ghana.To describe the prevalence and profile of infections attributable to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria among patients at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Methods: Bacterial cultures were randomly selected from the microbiology laboratory from February to August, 2015. Bacterial identification and minimum inhibitory concentrations were conducted using standard microbiological techniques and the Vitek-2 automated system...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Anthony Atala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Urology
Karl-Heinz Deeg
Prenatal, neonatal meningoencephalitis and infections of the brain in older infants are often associated with serious complications which can be diagnosed by sonography through the open fontanelles. Most frequently postmeningitic hydrocephalus and subdural effusions occur. Rarer complications are brain abscesses and ventriculitis which are caused by gram negative bacteria such as E. coli, Serratia marcescens, Proteus and Enterobacter. A serious complication after ventriculitis is the development of compartment hydrocephalus...
March 13, 2018: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Ramanjeet Kaur, Santosh Kumar Tiwari
Bacteriocin LB44 was purified from cell-free supernatant (CFS) of Pediococcus pentosaceus LB44 using activity-guided chromatography techniques. It was stable up to 121 °C, pH 2.0-6.0, sensitive to proteinase K, papain and trypsin, and retained complete activity in the presence of organic solvents tested. The molecular weight of bacteriocin was ∼6 kDa and initial ten amino acid residues (GECGMCXECG) suggested a new compound. The loss in viable cell count and K+ ion efflux of target cells of Micrococcus luteus suggested bactericidal activity...
March 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jolanta Sroka, Eliza Zimolag, Slawomir Lasota, Wlodzimierz Korohoda, Zbigniew Madeja
Electrotaxis plays an important role during embryogenesis, inflammation, wound healing, and tumour metastasis. However, the mechanisms at play during electrotaxis are still poorly understood. Therefore intensive studies on signaling pathways involved in this phenomenon should be carried out. In this chapter, we described an experimental system for studying electrotaxis of Amoeba proteus, mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF), Walker carcinosarcoma cells WC256, and bone marrow adherent cells (BMAC).
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Ehsan Choubini, Mehri Habibi, Ahmad Khorshidi, Amir Ghasemi, Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam, Saeid Bouzari
Proteus mirabilis is a common pathogen in urinary tract infections (UTIs). There is no vaccine against P. mirabilis, thus a novel multi-peptide vaccine of MrpA, UcaA and Pta factors of P. mirabilis we designed and a mice model was used to evaluate its efficacy in combination with AddaVax adjuvant. According to the bioinformatics studies, 7 fragments of MrpA (31-75, 112-146), UcaA (68-117, 132-156) and Pta (210-265, 340-400, 496-570) with B and T cell epitope regions were selected for fusion construction. Mice subcutaneously vaccinated with the fusion MrpA...
March 8, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Kristina Radošević, Iva Čanak, Manuela Panić, Ksenija Markov, Marina Cvjetko Bubalo, Jadranka Frece, Višnja Gaurina Srček, Ivana Radojčić Redovniković
Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) are a new generation of green solvents. They are mixtures of two or three compounds such as choline chloride as a cationic salt and alcohols, acids, amides, amines or sugars as hydrogen-bond donors. Although the majority of NADES' components are of natural origin and therefore NADES are often presumed to be non-toxic, the evaluation of their toxicity and biodegradability must accompany the research on their synthesis and application. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the effect of ten synthesised NADES towards bacteria (i...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yoshihiko Maeyama, Yui Taniguchi, Wataru Hayashi, Yusuke Ohsaki, Shunsuke Osaka, Shota Koide, Kiyoko Tamai, Yukiko Nagano, Yoshichika Arakawa, Noriyuki Nagano
In recent years, besides the widespread occurrence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)- and/or plasmid-mediated AmpC (pAmpC)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in both healthcare and community settings of humans, the third-generation cephalosporin (3GC)-resistant microbes have also been reported from companion animals worldwide. Here, we characterized ESBL- and/or pAmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae clinical isolates from companion animals. Among the 487 clinical isolates mainly from urine of dogs and cats between May and September 2016, 104 non-repetitive isolates were resistant to the 3GC, and they consisted of 81 of 381 (21...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Anno de Jong, Anaëlle Muggeo, Farid El Garch, Hilde Moyaert, Christophe de Champs, Thomas Guillard
ComPath is an ongoing European programme dedicated to monitor antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial pathogens from diseased dogs and cats. The objective was to characterize determinants associated with quinolone resistance among 160 enrofloxacin non-wild type strains (100 Escherichia coli, 45 Proteus mirabilis, 14 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 1 Enterobacter cloacae) selected among 843 non-duplicate Enterobacteriaceae isolates collected in 12 European countries (2013-2014). These strains with non-wild type MICs of ≥0...
March 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Runjun Dowarah, Ashok Kumar Verma, Neeta Agarwal, Putan Singh, Bhoj Raj Singh
The present study was aimed to develop an effective probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from piglet feces and in vitro characterization of probiotic properties. To confirm host-species specificity of probiotics, the efficacy of isolated LAB on growth, nutrient utilization, health and antioxidant status was observed in early weaned piglets. A total of 30 LAB were isolated from feces of five healthy piglets (28d old). All isolates were Gram positive, cocco-bacilli and catalase negative. Out of thirty LAB isolates, twenty were shortlisted on the basis of their tolerance to pH (3...
2018: PloS One
Sami A Alyahya, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Naiyf S Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M Khaled, Ramzi A Mothana, Mohammed N Al-Anbr, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Ramachandran Ishwarya, Mariappan Yazhiniprabha, Giovanni Benelli
Recent research in entomology and parasitology focused on the efficacy of green fabricated nanomaterials as novel insecticides. In this study, we synthesized poly-dispersed and stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the leaf extract of Holostemma ada-kodien. The nanostructures were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray, and X-ray diffraction analysis. The efficacy of H...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Yujing Qin, Qingxia Yuan, Yuexing Zhang, Jialu Li, Xinjiao Zhu, Lingling Zhao, Jing Wen, Jikai Liu, Longyan Zhao, Jinhua Zhao
Enzyme-assisted extraction optimization, characterization and in vitro antioxidant activity of polysaccharides from sea cucumber Phyllophorus proteus (PPP) were investigated in the present study. The optimal extraction conditions with a yield of 6.44 ± 0.06% for PPP were determined as follows: Extraction time of 2.89 h, ratio of extraction solvent to raw material of 16.26 mL/g, extraction pH of 6.83, exraction temperature of 50 °C and papain concentration of 0.15%. Three purified fractions, PPP-1a, PPP-1b and PPP-2 with molecular weights of 369...
March 6, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hang Dai, Yonglu Wang, Yujie Fang, Zhenzhou Huang, Biao Kan, Duochun Wang
Two strains of Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic short-rod bacteria were recovered from two different food samples in Ma'anshan city, Anhui province, China in 2008. The bacteria were characterized in a polyphasic taxonomic study that included phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic methodologies. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene demonstrated that the two strains belonged to the genus Proteus and were most similar to Proteus vulgaris ATCC 29905T with a score of 99.7 %. Phylogenetic analysis of the rpoB gene placed the two strains into a cluster with a distinctly interspecies phylogenetic branch that was clearly separated from six type strains of the genus Proteus, with the most closely related species being Proteus mirabilis ATCC 29906T ...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Katy Díaz, Luis Espinoza, Alejandro Madrid, Leonardo Pizarro, Rolando Chamy
Currently, the most effective treatment for recurrent urinary tract infections in women is antibiotics. However, the limitation for this treatment is the duration and dosage of antibiotics and the resistance that bacteria develop after a long period of administration. With the aim of identifying mainly novel natural agents with antibacterial activity, the present study was undertaken to investigate the biological and phytochemical properties of extracts from the leaves Taraxacum officinale. The structural identification of compounds present in hexane (Hex) and ethyl acetate (AcOEt) extracts was performed by mass spectrometry (GC-MS) spectroscopic techniques and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) with the major compounds corresponding to different sesquiterpene lactones ( α -santonin, glabellin, arborescin, and estafiatin), monoterpene (9,10-dimethyltricycle [4...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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