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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352191/oral-administration-of-proteus-mirabilis-damages-dopaminergic-neurons-and-motor-functions-in-mice
#1
Jin Gyu Choi, Namkwon Kim, In Gyoung Ju, Hyeyoon Eo, Su-Min Lim, Se-Eun Jang, Dong-Hyun Kim, Myung Sook Oh
Recently, studies on the relationship between gut dysbiosis and Parkinson's disease (PD) have increased, but whether a specific gut bacterium may cause PD remains unexplored. Here, we report, for the first time, that a specific gut bacterium directly induces PD symptoms and dopaminergic neuronal damage in the mouse brain. We found that the number of Enterobacteriaceae, particularly Proteus mirabilis, markedly and commonly increased in PD mouse models. Administration of P. mirabilis isolated from PD mice significantly induced motor deficits, selectively caused dopaminergic neuronal damage and inflammation in substantia nigra and striatum, and stimulated α-synuclein aggregation in the brain as well as in the colon...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348586/analogues-of-disulfides-from-allium-stipitatum-demonstrate-potent-anti-tubercular-activities-through-drug-efflux-pump-and-biofilm-inhibition
#2
Cynthia A Danquah, Eleftheria Kakagianni, Proma Khondkar, Arundhati Maitra, Mukhlesur Rahman, Dimitrios Evangelopoulos, Timothy D McHugh, Paul Stapleton, John Malkinson, Sanjib Bhakta, Simon Gibbons
Disulfides from Allium stipitatum, commonly known as Persian shallot, were previously reported to possess antibacterial properties. Analogues of these compounds, produced by S-methylthiolation of appropriate thiols using S-methyl methanethiosulfonate, exhibited antimicrobial activity, with one compound inhibiting the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis at 17 µM (4 mg L-1) and other compounds inhibiting Escherichia coli and multi-drug-resistant (MDR) Staphylococcus aureus at concentrations ranging between 32-138 µM (8-32 mg L-1)...
January 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332142/purification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-organic-solvent-tolerant-and-cold-adapted-lipase-from-psychrobacter-sp-zy124
#3
Yue Zhang, Fangling Ji, Jingyun Wang, Zhongji Pu, Bo Jiang, Yongming Bao
By screening 25 different psychrophilic strains isolated from the Arctic habitat, we isolated a strain capable of producing lipase. We identified this strain as Psychrobacter sp. ZY124 based on the amplified 16S rDNA sequence. The lipase, named as Lipase ZC12, produced from the supernatant of Psychrobacter sp. ZY124 cultured at 15 °C was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulfate precipitation followed by Phenyl Sepharose FF gel hydrophobic chromatography. Based on the obtained amino acid sequence, Lipase ZC12 is classified as a member of the Proteus/psychrophilic subfamily of lipase family I...
January 13, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330591/changes-in-the-lipopolysaccharide-of-proteus-mirabilis-9b-m-o11a-clinical-strain-in-response-to-planktonic-or-biofilm-type-of-growth
#4
Agnieszka Zabłotni, Dominik Matusiak, Nikolay P Arbatsky, Magdalena Moryl, Anna Maciejewska, Anna N Kondakova, Alexander S Shashkov, Czesław Ługowski, Yuriy A Knirel, Antoni Różalski
The impact of planktonic and biofilm lifestyles of the clinical isolate Proteus mirabilis 9B-m on its lipopolysaccharide (O-polysaccharide, core region, and lipid A) was evaluated. Proteus mirabilis bacteria are able to form biofilm and lipopolysaccharide is one of the factors involved in the biofilm formation. Lipopolysaccharide was isolated from planktonic and biofilm cells of the investigated strain and analyzed by SDS-PAGE with silver staining, Western blotting and ELISA, as well as NMR and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry techniques...
January 12, 2018: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329652/three-new-anthraquinone-derivatives-isolated-from-symplocos-racemosa-and-their-antibiofilm-activity
#5
Umar Farooq, Sara Khan, Sadia Naz, Ajmal Khan, Afsar Khan, Ayaz Ahmed, Abdur Rauf, Syed Majid Bukhari, Shujaat Ali Khan, Arfa Kamil, Nadia Riaz, Abdur Rahman Khan
Three new alkyl substituted anthraquinone derivatives, trivially named as symploquinones A-C (Compounds 1-3) were isolated from Symplocos racemosa. The structures of these compounds were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses (UV, IR, Mass, 1H- and 13C-NMR, and two-dimensional (2D) NMR techniques). The resulting data were also compared with the reported literature. These compounds were then subjected to antibacterial or antibiofilm testing. Compounds 1 and 3 exhibited good antibacterial activity in the concentration range of 160-83 μg·mL-1 against Streptococcus mutans, methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Proteus mirabilis...
December 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329145/orthopaedic-management-of-leg-length-discrepancy-in-proteus-syndrome-a-case-series
#6
Molly M Crenshaw, Cara G Goerlich, Lauren E Ivey, Julie C Sapp, Kim M Keppler-Noreuil, Allison C Scott, Leslie G Biesecker, Laura L Tosi
INTRODUCTION: Proteus syndrome (PS) is a rare mosaic disorder comprising asymmetric bony and soft tissue overgrowth leading to significant morbidity. Placement of growth inhibition hardware with subsequent epiphyseal arrest improves leg-length and angular deformities in pediatric patients without PS. The purpose of this study was to review the surgical approach and present outcomes, complications, and recommendations in 8 patients with PS and leg-length discrepancy (LLD). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 8 patients with PS whose primary reason for surgery was LLD...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324657/%C3%AE-glucosidase-inhibition-and-antibacterial-activity-of-secondary-metabolites-from-the-ecuadorian-species-clinopodium-taxifolium-kunth-govaerts
#7
Vladimir Morocho, Andrea Valle, Jessica García, Gianluca Gilardoni, Luis Cartuche, Alírica I Suárez
The phytochemical investigation of both volatile and fixed metabolites of Clinopodium taxifolium (Kunth) Govaerts (Lamiaceae) was performed for the first time. It allowed the isolation and characterization of the essential oil and six known compounds: carvacrol (1), squalane (2), uvaol (3), erythrodiol (4), ursolic acid (5), and salvigenin (6). Their structures were identified and characterized by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Gas Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS), and corroborated by literature...
January 11, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319486/evaluating-factors-that-dictate-struvite-stone-composition-a-multi-institutional-clinical-experience-from-the-edge-research-consortium
#8
Ryan Kendrick Flannigan, Andrew Battison, Shubha De, Mitchell R Humphreys, Markus Bader, Ekaterina Lellig, Manoj Monga, Ben H Chew, Dirk Lange
INTRODUCTION: Struvite stones account for 15% of urinary calculi and are typically associated with urease-producing urinary tract infections and carry significant morbidity. This study aims to characterize struvite stones based on purity of stone composition, bacterial speciation, risk factors, and clinical features. METHODS: Retrospective data was collected from patients diagnosed with infection stones between 2008 and 2012. Stone analysis, perioperative urine cultures, bacterial speciation, and clinical data were collected and analyzed...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318401/synthesis-anti-microbial-activity-cytotoxicity-of-some-novel-substituted-5-3-1h-benzo-d-imidazol-2-yl-4-hydroxybenzyl-benzofuran-2-yl-phenyl-methanone-analogs
#9
Bhookya Shankar, Pochampally Jalapathi, Balabadra Saikrishna, Shaym Perugu, Vijjulatha Manga
BACKGROUND: There is a dire need for the discovery and development of new antimicrobial agents after several experiments for a better resistance of microorganisms towards antimicrobial agents become a serious health problem for a few years in the past. As benzimidazole possess various types of biological activities, it has been synthesized, in the present study, a new series of (5-(3-(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-4-hydroxybenzyl)benzofuran-2-yl)(phenyl)methanone analogs by using the condensation and screened for its in vitro antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity...
January 9, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307755/antibacterial-and-antioxidant-potentials-of-non-cytotoxic-extract-of-trichoderma-atroviride
#10
Kandasamy Saravanakumar, Ramachandran Chelliah, Sudha Rani Ramakrishnan, Kandasamy Kathiresan, Deog-Hwan Oh, Myeong-Hyeon Wang
Trichoderma species are a rich source of metabolites, but less known for biomedical potential. This work deals with antibacterial and antioxidant potentials of intracellular non-cytotoxic metabolites, extracted from Trichoderma atroviride (KNUP001). A total of 53 fractions was collected by column chromatography and tested for cytotoxicity by MTT assay. Only one fraction (F41) was found to be non-toxic to Vero cells with 95.4 ± 0.61% of survival. The F41 was then subjected to chemical analysis, antibacterial and antioxidant assays...
January 4, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298837/systematic-identification-of-lysine-2-hydroxyisobutyrylated-proteins-in-proteus-mirabilis
#11
Hanyang Dong, Zhenchang Guo, Wei Feng, Tao Zhang, Guijin Zhai, Agata Palusiak, Antoni Rozalski, Shanshan Tian, Xue Bai, Lijin Shen, Pu Chen, Quan Wang, Enguo Fan, Zhongyi Cheng, Kai Zhang
Lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (Khib) is a novel post-translational modification (PTM), which was thought to play a role in active gene transcription and cellular proliferation. Here we report a comprehensive identification of Khib in Proteus mirabilis (P. mirabilis). By combining affinity enrichment with two-dimensional liquid chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry, 4735 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation sites were identified on 1051 proteins in P. mirabilis. These proteins bearing modifications were further characterized in abundance, distribution and functions...
January 3, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297845/proteus-columbae-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-pigeon-in-ma-anshan-china
#12
Hang Dai, Yonglu Wang, Yujie Fang, Tao Xiao, Zhenzhou Huang, Biao Kan, Duochun Wang
A Gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic bacillus, strain 08MAS2615T, was isolated from the flesh of a pigeon specimen collected in Ma'anshan, Anhui province, China. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed that strain 08MAS2615T belonged to the genus Proteus, and formed an independent branch which was clearly separated from the other six known species of Proteus. Strain 08MAS2615T was more closely related to Proteus vulgaris ATCC 29905T and Proteus penneri NCTC 12737T than other Proteus species...
January 3, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288300/biogenic-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-piper-betle-aqueous-extract-and-evaluation-of-its-anti-quorum-sensing-and-antibiofilm-potential-against-uropathogens-with-cytotoxic-effects-an-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-approach
#13
Ramanathan Srinivasan, Loganathan Vigneshwari, Tamilselvam Rajavel, Ravindran Durgadevi, Arunachalam Kannappan, Krishnaswamy Balamurugan, Kasi Pandima Devi, Arumugam Veera Ravi
Urinary tract infections are the utmost common bacterial infections caused by Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Serratia marcescens. These uropathogens resist the action of several antibiotics due to their ability to form biofilms. Most of these bacterial pathogens use the quorum sensing (QS) machinery to co-ordinate their cells and regulate several virulence factors and biofilm formation. On the other hand, the anti-quorum sensing (anti-QS) and antibiofilm potential of silver nanoparticles have been well reported against certain bacterial pathogens, but to the best of our knowledge, no report is available against the pathogenicity of uropathogens in particular S...
December 29, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287429/antimicrobial-and-antioxidant-properties-of-various-greek-garlic-genotypes
#14
Spyridon Petropoulos, Ângela Fernandes, Lillian Barros, Ana Ciric, Marina Sokovic, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Recent studies show a significant variation in antioxidant and antimicrobial properties between the various garlic genotypes mostly due to differences in chemical composition and bioactive compounds content. The aim of the present study was to evaluate antioxidant properties and antimicrobial activity of garlics collected from the main cultivation areas of Greece, as well as to correlate this activity with their total phenolics content. Genotype G5 showed the highest total phenolics content, which was significantly correlated with the lowest EC50 values for all the tested antioxidant activity assays...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282191/persisting-ulcerating-lesions-after-cyclosporine-therapy-for-erosions-found-in-flexural-sites
#15
Mina Amin, Shannon Famenini, Jashin J Wu
In February 2012, a patient with a 15-year history of painful, pruritic eruptions presented with a severe exacerbation that had lasted for the previous week. The patient also reported severe headaches, a fever of 38.9°C (102.1°F), a cough, and diarrhea, which had now resolved. Physical examination showed erythematous macerated patches with erosions in the left submammary region, bilateral axillae, and vaginal area (Figure 1), and greasy scale covering the scalp. Despite lessening of the lesions in the submammary region and abdomen with the administration of minocycline 100 mg twice per day and cyclosporine 100 mg three times per day, the patient continued to complain of persistent painful ulcerations in the labia majora and perianal area (Figure 2)...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276660/profiling-of-red-pigment-produced-by-streptomyces-sp-jar6-and-its-bioactivity
#16
Jayanthi Abraham, Ritika Chauhan
Actinomycetes strain was isolated from leaf litter soil sample and was identified as Streptomyces sp. by conventional and molecular approaches. The biologically active compound responsible for antimicrobial and anticancer activity of the strain JAR6 was elucidated by solid state fermentation followed by subsequent chromatographic and spectroscopic analysis. Extraction, purification and structural confirmation of red pigment metabolite viz undecylprodigiosin were established on the basis of spectroscopic studies and comparing the data from the literature...
January 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259722/human-lypd8-protein-inhibits-motility-of-flagellated-bacteria
#17
Chiao-Ching Hsu, Ryu Okumura, Kiyoshi Takeda
Background: We previously reported that the mouse Ly6/Plaur domain containing 8 (mLypd8), a GPI-anchored protein highly and selectively expressed on colonic epithelia, contributes to segregation of intestinal microbiota and intestinal epithelia and is critical for prevention of intestinal inflammation. In addition, it was found that human LYPD8 (hLYPD8) is expressed in the colonic epithelia and expression of hLYPD8 is reduced in some ulcerative colitis patients. However, the molecular characteristics and functions of hLYPD8 remain unclear...
2017: Inflammation and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248795/increased-mutability-to-fosfomycin-resistance-in-proteus-mirabilis-clinical-isolates
#18
Marina R B Fonseca, Juliana L Sato, Marco A Lima-Noronha, Letícia B Migliorini, Frank S Fernández-Silva, Rodrigo S Galhardo
In the present study, we screened a collection of 77 Proteus mirabilis clinical isolates for the presence of mutators, using the frequency of both rifampicin and fosfomycin resistance mutants as markers of spontaneous mutagenesis. We found that none of the strains in our collection are mutators for the rifampicin resistance (RifR) marker. Nevertheless, a significant fraction of the isolates (17%) show high frequencies of fosfomycin resistant mutants (FosR). We show that this increased mutability to FosR correlates with a low level of resistance to Fosfomycin (MICs 8-64μg/ml)...
December 15, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248295/nota-analogue-a-first-dithiocarbamate-inhibitor-of-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamases
#19
En Zhang, Ming-Ming Wang, Shu-Chao Huang, Shuai-Min Xu, De-Yun Cui, Yuan-Li Bo, Peng-Yan Bai, Yong-Gang Hua, Chun-Ling Xiao, Shangshang Qin
The emergence of antibiotic drug (like carbapenem) resistance is being a global crisis. Among those resistance factors of the β-lactam antibiotics, the metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) is one of the most important reasons. In this paper, a series of cyclic dithiocarbamate compounds were synthesized and their inhibition activities against MBLs were initially tested combined with meropenem (MEM) by in vitro antibacterial efficacy tests. Sodium 1,4,7-triazonane-1,4,7-tris(carboxylodithioate) (compound 5) was identified as the most active molecule to restore the activity of MEM...
November 7, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241191/evaluation-of-behavioral-and-susceptibility-patterns-in-premenopausal-women-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections-a-case-control-study
#20
Saddam Al Demour, Mera A Ababneh
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are a major source of morbidity and healthcare costs. Risk factors associated with recurrence rates in premenopausal women can be attributed to patient lifestyle behavior. The aim of this study was to assess hygienic risk factors, determine pathogen distribution, and susceptibility patterns in premenopausal women with recurrent UTI. This was case-control study in which a face-to-face interview was conducted to obtain information from premenopausal women with recurrent UTI...
December 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
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