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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#1
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426586/predictive-modeling-of-massive-transfusion-requirements-during-liver-transplantation-and-its-potential-to-reduce-utilization-of-blood-bank-resources
#2
Aliaksei Pustavoitau, Maggie Lesley, Promise Ariyo, Asad Latif, April J Villamayor, Steven M Frank, Nicole Rizkalla, William Merritt, Andrew Cameron, Nabil Dagher, Benjamin Philosophe, Ahmet Gurakar, Allan Gottschalk
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing liver transplantation frequently but inconsistently require massive blood transfusion. The ability to predict massive transfusion (MT) could reduce the impact on blood bank resources through customization of the blood order schedule. Current predictive models of MT for blood product utilization during liver transplantation are not generally applicable to individual institutions owing to variability in patient population, intraoperative management, and definitions of MT...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417080/applying-a-systems-approach-to-thyroid-physiology-looking-at-the-whole-with-a-mitochondrial-perspective-instead-of-judging-single-tsh-values-or-why-we-should-know-more-about-mitochondria-to-understand-metabolism
#3
REVIEW
Roy Moncayo, Helga Moncayo
Classical thinking in endocrine physiology squeezes our diagnostic handling into a simple negative feedback mechanism with a controller and a controlled variable. In the case of the thyroid this is reduced to TSH and fT3 and fT4, respectively. The setting of this tight notion has no free space for any additions. In this paper we want to challenge this model of limited application by proposing a construct based on a systems approach departing from two basic considerations. In first place since the majority of cases of thyroid disease develop and appear during life it has to be considered as an acquired condition...
June 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405531/will-the-meikirch-model-a-new-framework-for-health-induce-a-paradigm-shift-in-healthcare
#4
REVIEW
Johannes Bircher, Eckhart G Hahn
Over the past decades, scientific medicine has realized tremendous advances. Yet, it is felt that the quality, costs, and equity of medicine and public health have not improved correspondingly and, both inside and outside the USA, may even have changed for the worse. An initiative for improving this situation is value-based healthcare, in which value is defined as health outcomes relative to the cost of achieving them. Value-based healthcare was advocated in order to stimulate competition among healthcare providers and thereby reduce costs...
March 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403195/does-ought-imply-can
#5
Miklos Kurthy, Holly Lawford-Smith, Paulo Sousa
Most philosophers believe that a person can have an obligation only insofar as she is able to fulfil it, a principle generally referred to as "Ought Implies Can". Arguably, this principle reflects something basic about the ordinary concept of obligation. However, in a paper published recently in this journal, Wesley Buckwalter and John Turri presented evidence for the conclusion that ordinary people in fact reject that principle. With a series of studies, they claimed to have demonstrated that, in people's judgements, obligations persist irrespective of whether those who hold them have the ability to fulfil them...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401510/a-systematic-literature-review-of-us-engineering-ethics-interventions
#6
Justin L Hess, Grant Fore
Promoting the ethical formation of engineering students through the cultivation of their discipline-specific knowledge, sensitivity, imagination, and reasoning skills has become a goal for many engineering education programs throughout the United States. However, there is neither a consensus throughout the engineering education community regarding which strategies are most effective towards which ends, nor which ends are most important. This study provides an overview of engineering ethics interventions within the U...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401507/improving-student-engagement-in-the-study-of-professional-ethics-concepts-and-an-example-in-cyber-security
#7
John D Bustard
In spite of the acknowledged importance of professional ethics, technical students often show little enthusiasm for studying the subject. This paper considers how such engagement might be improved. Four guiding principles for promoting engagement are identified: (1) aligning teaching content with student interests; (2) taking a pragmatic rather than a philosophical approach to issue resolution; (3) addressing the full complexity of real-world case studies; and (4) covering content in a way that students find entertaining...
April 11, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399717/sensory-substitution-and-multimodal-mental-imagery
#8
Bence Nanay
Many philosophers use findings about sensory substitution devices in the grand debate about how we should individuate the senses. The big question is this: Is "vision" assisted by (tactile) sensory substitution really vision? Or is it tactile perception? Or some sui generis novel form of perception? My claim is that sensory substitution assisted "vision" is neither vision nor tactile perception, because it is not perception at all. It is mental imagery: visual mental imagery triggered by tactile sensory stimulation...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399688/conscience-conscientious-objection-and-nursing-a-concept-analysis
#9
Christina Lamb, Marilyn Evans, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, Carol A Wong, Ken W Kirkwood
BACKGROUND: Ethical nursing practice is increasingly challenging, and strategies for addressing ethical dilemmas are needed to support nurses' ethical care provision. Conscientious objection is one such strategy for addressing nurses' personal, ethical conflicts, at times associated with conscience. Exploring both conscience and conscientious objection provides understanding regarding their implications for ethical nursing practice, research, and education. Research aim: To analyze the concepts of conscience and conscientious objection in the context of nurses...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397542/how-to-do-science-with-models-a-philosophical-primer
#10
Lydia Braunack-Mayer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395706/accumulation-of-content-validation-evidence-for-the-critical-thinking-self-assessment-scale
#11
Girija Gopinathan Nair, Laurie-Ann M Hellsten, Lynnette Leeseberg Stamler
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Critical thinking skills (CTS) are essential for nurses; assessing students' acquisition of these skills is a mandate of nursing curricula. This study aimed to develop a self-assessment instrument of critical thinking skills (Critical Thinking Self-Assessment Scale [CTSAS]) for students' self-monitoring. METHODS: An initial pool of 196 items across 6 core cognitive skills and 16 subskills were generated using the American Philosophical Association definition of CTS...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393611/antoine-marie-chambeyron-1797-1851-a-forgotten-disciple-of-jean-etienne-esquirol-1772-1840
#12
Olivier Walusinski
Antoine-Marie Chambeyron (1797-1851) was a disciple of Jean-Etienne Esquirol (1772-1840) that history forgot, undoubtedly because he made no original contribution to psychiatric nosography. In 1827, his interest in the medical-legal status of the insane led him to translate into French and annotate the first medical-legal psychiatric treatise ever published, which was the work of the German philosopher Johann Christoph Hoffbauer (1766-1827). His translation played a role in shaping the French Law of 1838, the first piece of modern legislation aimed at protecting the rights of mental patients and limiting the State's power to confine them arbitrarily...
April 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393607/ethics-interventions-for-healthcare-professionals-and-students-a-systematic-review
#13
Minna Stolt, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Minka Ruokonen, Hanna Repo, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: The ethics and value bases in healthcare are widely acknowledged. There is a need to improve and raise awareness of ethics in complex systems and in line with competing needs, different stakeholders and patients' rights. Evidence-based strategies and interventions for the development of procedures and practice have been used to improve care and services. However, it is not known whether and to what extent ethics can be developed using interventions. OBJECTIVES: To examine ethics interventions conducted on healthcare professionals and healthcare students to achieve ethics-related outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392629/qualitative-tools-and-experimental-philosophy
#14
James Andow
Experimental philosophy brings empirical methods to philosophy. These methods are used to probe how people think about philosophically interesting things such as knowledge, morality, and freedom. This paper explores the contribution that qualitative methods have to make in this enterprise. I argue that qualitative methods have the potential to make a much greater contribution than they have so far. Along the way, I acknowledge a few types of resistance that proponents of qualitative methods in experimental philosophy might encounter, and provide reasons to think they are ill-founded...
November 16, 2016: Philosophical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392590/health-care-s-ills-a-catholic-diagnosis
#15
Angus Sibley
Catholic teaching is emphatic on the need to "guarantee adequate [health] care to all," as Pope Benedict XVI has stated. America has been slower than other advanced countries in progressing towards this goal. Reasons for this delay can be found in certain attitudes that have long been present in American culture, and have been reinforced by the wave of libertarianism (free-market ideology) that swept the world in the late twentieth century. Catholic theology and social/economic teaching can help us understand the flaws in these attitudes, which involve fundamental philosophical and theological principles, but which are far from academic, since they have serious and very practical consequences...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390441/-transporting-thought-cultures-of-balloon-flight-in-britain-1784-1785
#16
Caitlín Róisín Doherty
The balloon has long drifted through popular discourse as a symbol of an Enlightenment attitude towards discovery and a Romanticized image of rationality. This article uses two accounts of early British balloon voyages, both published in 1786, and through them attempts to understand the wide range of practices - literary, social, chemical and adventurous - employed by early balloonists in Britain. I argue that the two series of flights recorded by John Jeffries and Vincenzo Lunardi can be read to show two different philosophical ideas of and aspirations for ballooning, each of which is tied to a different British location, and established a different paradigm for the public reception of flight experiments in later years...
April 9, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389901/the-tipping-of-the-big-stone-and-life-itself-obesity-moral-work-and-responsive-selves-over-time
#17
Lone Grøn
Why is "everything I know is the right thing to do a million miles removed from what I do in reality?" This question posed by Rita, my main interlocutor and friend in a fieldwork that started in 2001-2003 and was taken up again in 2014-2015, opens up an exploration of moral work and moral selves in the context of the obesity epidemic and weight loss processes. I address these questions through the notion of "moral laboratories" taking up Mattingly's argument that moral cultivation over time cannot be disconnected from a notion of self...
April 7, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389551/on-shame-and-voice-hearing
#18
Angela Woods
Hearing voices in the absence of another speaker-what psychiatry terms an auditory verbal hallucination-is often associated with a wide range of negative emotions. Mainstream clinical research addressing the emotional dimensions of voice-hearing has tended to treat these as self-evident, undifferentiated and so effectively interchangeable. But what happens when a richer, more nuanced understanding of specific emotions is brought to bear on the analysis of distressing voices? This article draws findings from the 'What is it like to hear voices' study conducted as part of the interdisciplinary Hearing the Voice project into conversation with philosopher Dan Zahavi's Self and Other: Exploring Subjectivity, Empathy and Shame to consider how a focus on shame can open up new questions about the experience of hearing voices...
April 7, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389261/an-engineering-paradigm-in-the-biomedical-sciences-knowledge-as-epistemic-tool
#19
REVIEW
Mieke Boon
In order to deal with the complexity of biological systems and attempts to generate applicable results, current biomedical sciences are adopting concepts and methods from the engineering sciences. Philosophers of science have interpreted this as the emergence of an engineering paradigm, in particular in systems biology and synthetic biology. This article aims at the articulation of the supposed engineering paradigm by contrast with the physics paradigm that supported the rise of biochemistry and molecular biology...
April 4, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388937/advancing-engagement-methods-for-trials-the-core-study-relational-model-of-engagement-for-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-experience-based-co-design-for-people-living-with-severe-mental-illnesses
#20
Lauralie Richard, Donella Piper, Wayne Weavell, Rosemary Callander, Rick Iedema, John Furler, David Pierce, Kali Godbee, Jane Gunn, Victoria J Palmer
BACKGROUND: Engagement is essential in trials research but is rarely embedded across all stages of the research continuum. The development, use, effectiveness and value of engagement in trials research is poorly researched and understood, and models of engagement are rarely informed by theory. This article describes an innovative methodological approach for the development and application of a relational model of engagement in a stepped wedge designed cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT), the CORE study...
April 8, 2017: Trials
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