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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#1
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042131/expanding-our-perspectives-on-research-in-musculoskeletal-science-and-practice
#2
Roger Kerry
INTRODUCTION: The quantity and quality of scientific research within physiotherapy has unquestionably grown and matured over the last few decades, especially since the "formal" onset of evidence-based physiotherapy in the 1990s. The urgent need to evaluate our practice for effectiveness and efficiency has been responded to with thought and respect to both scientific integrity and shop-floor clinical needs. However, after thirty years or more of a professionally-governed and strategic approach to research activity, it is now timely to reflect, review, and consider the next chapter in the relationship between scientific research and clinical practice...
October 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042021/fresnel-s-laws-ceteris-paribus
#3
Aaron Sidney Wright
This article is about structural realism, historical continuity, laws of nature, and ceteris paribus clauses. Fresnel's Laws of optics support Structural Realism because they are a scientific structure that has survived theory change. However, the history of Fresnel's Laws which has been depicted in debates over realism since the 1980s is badly distorted. Specifically, claims that J. C. Maxwell or his followers believed in an ontologically-subsistent electromagnetic field, and gave up the aether, before Einstein's annus mirabilis in 1905 are indefensible...
August 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030395/dignitarian-medical-ethics
#4
Linda Barclay
Philosophers and bioethicists are typically sceptical about invocations of dignity in ethical debates. Many believe that dignity is essentially devoid of meaning: either a mere rhetorical gesture used in the absence of good argument or a faddish term for existing values like autonomy and respect. On the other hand, the patient experience of dignity is a substantial area of research in healthcare fields like nursing and palliative care. In this paper, it is argued that philosophers have much to learn from the concrete patient experiences described in healthcare literature...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029234/keeping-education-fresh-not-just-in-microbiology
#5
Beatrix Fahnert
Innovative practice from around the globe, addressing a range of recent educational themes and trends, was published in the FEMS Microbiology Letters virtual Thematic Issue ''Keeping Education Fresh' in October 2017. Its thought-provoking content is reviewed here to more directly facilitate reflections and discussions in the professional community. The focus is on best practice approaches when enhancing student engagement, how to adjust those to the diversity of learners, learning situations and infrastructures, and to a broad range of subjects...
October 4, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025437/pieter-van-musschenbroek-on-laws-of-nature
#6
Steffen Ducheyne, Pieter Present
In this article, we discuss the development of the concept of a 'law' (of nature) in the work of the Dutch natural philosopher and experimenter Petrus van Musschenbroek (1692-1761). Since Van Musschenbroek is commonly described as one of the first 'Newtonians' on the Continent in the secondary literature, we focus more specifically on its relation to Newton's views on this issue. Although he was certainly indebted to Newton for his thinking on laws (of nature), Van Musschenbroek's views can be seen to diverge from Newton's on crucial points...
October 13, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021687/-formation-of-chiari-malformation-nature-s-philosophical-way-of-adaptation
#7
Asifur Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021676/-stealth-cranioplasty-a-novel-endeavor-for-symptomatic-adult-chiari-i-patients-with-syringomyelia-technical-note-appraisal-and-philosophical-considerations
#8
Asifur Rahman, Md Sumon Rana, Paawan Bahadur Bhandari, Dewan Shamsul Asif, Abu Naim Wakil Uddin, Abu Saleh Mohammad Abu Obaida, Md Atikur Rahman, Md Shamsul Alam
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: In this article, we describe a novel technique of reconstruction of posterior fossa by cranioplasty with use of preshaped titanium mesh following posterior fossa decompression (PFD) for Chiari malformation type I (CMI) with syringomyelia (SM) in symptomatic adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven patients underwent limited PFD and expansive cranioplasty with preshaped titanium mesh, what we term as "Stealth Cranioplasty" (SCP), following arachnoid preserving duraplasty (APD) and hexagonal tenting of the duraplasty with the cranioplasty (HTDC) for the management of symptomatic adult CMI with SM...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019603/-the-influence-of-naturphilosophie-in-nineteenth-century-science-electromagnetism-and-energy
#9
Ana Paula Bispo Silva, Jamily Alves da Silva
Phenomena involving electromagnetism and conservation of energy during the nineteenth century did not fit the reigning Newtonian paradigm. Among scholars, there was the need to explain such facts considering "something more" that had not yet been expressed. Through this explanation, Naturphilosophie, the philosophical branch associated with the German romantic movement of the nineteenth century, seems to offer new ways of understanding the sciences. In this article, we present main aspects of the work of Schelling, the main exponent of Naturphilosophie, and how his assumptions were inserted into the physical sciences to explain electromagnetism and conservation of energy...
July 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019598/the-evolutionist-debate-in-spain-during-the-nineteenth-century-a-re-examination
#10
Miguel Ángel Puig-Samper, Armando García González, Francisco Pelayo
This article re-examines the research on evolutionism in Spain and updates knowledge on this topic in light of the work of Thomas Glick, the more philosophical work of Diego Núñez and contributions in recent years from the Latin American network of historians of biology and evolution, who have dealt with the more polemical aspects of the reception of evolution theory. It includes new arguments, such as identification of the drawings in El Museo Universal, whose Lamarckian or Darwinian nature has been a subject of ongoing debate...
July 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994476/the-words-we-work-with-that-work-on-us-clinical-paradigm-and-cumulative-relational-trauma
#11
Birgit Heuer
This paper addresses a gap between analytic clinical theory and practice which emerges when examining the words we work with via textual and narrative research of case histories. Both subject matter and methodology fit with the remit of conceptual research in psychoanalysis, currently ranging from inductive to nomothetical approaches. Research of clinical language reveals an implicit account of human nature and the world which undergirds clinical practice. Based in the critical philosophy of the previous century, this is termed clinical paradigm...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994460/ethical-considerations-when-conducting-joint-interviews-with-close-relatives-or-family-an-integrative-review
#12
Barbara Voltelen, Hanne Konradsen, Birte Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Researchers are obligated to do no harm to participants of research. Conflicts in relationships can cause negative well-being; therefore, insight is needed into the particular ethical considerations that arise when conducting joint interviews with close relatives or family members simultaneously in the healthcare setting. AIM: To collect and share knowledge related to ethical considerations conducting joint interviews. DESIGN AND METHODS: A literature review inspired by the integrative review method was performed...
October 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994385/-physical-rehabilitation-train-the-brain
#13
Bruno Bonnechère
Since centuries, scientists, clinicians and philosophers have been debating about the interactions between the body and the mind. Researches and advances in neurophysiology over the last decades have challenged many principles and theories, mainly based on empirical observations, generally well accepted in clinical practice. These new findings, achieved through functional "magnetic resonance imaging", awake brain surgery and allow new techniques and opportunities in physical rehabilitation. More than ever the body and the brain must be considered and treated as a functional entity, the distinction between body and soul developed by Platon should no longer be applied...
October 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990965/calling-to-nursing-concept-analysis
#14
Christie Emerson
The aims of this article are (a) to analyze the concept of a calling as it relates nursing and (b) to develop a definition of calling to nursing with the detail and clarity needed to guide reliable and valid research. The classic steps described by Walker and Avant are used for the analysis. Literature from several disciplines is reviewed including vocational psychology, Christian career counseling, sociology, organizational management, and nursing. The analysis provides an operational definition of a calling to nursing and establishes 3 defining attributes of the concept: (a) a passionate intrinsic motivation or desire (perhaps with a religious component), (b) an aspiration to engage in nursing practice, as a means of fulfilling one's purpose in life, and (c) the desire to help others as one's purpose in life...
October 4, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984388/educating-for-collaborative-practice-an-interpretation-of-current-achievements-and-thoughts-for-future-directions
#15
Judith Nicky Hudson, Anne Croker
CONTEXT: The Edinburgh Declaration, developed in 1998 as a pledge to alter the character of medical education to more effectively meet the needs of society, included a recommendation to increase the opportunity for joint learning between health and health-related professions, as part of the training for teamwork. This article acknowledges achievements since the Declaration in relation to this recommendation, using an umbrella term for the phenomenon, 'educating for collaborative practice', and presents a perspective framed as a series of questions to encourage reflection on future directions...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978363/taking-newton-on-tour-the-scientific-travels-of-martin-folkes-1733-1735
#16
Anna Marie Roos
Martin Folkes (1690-1754) was Newton's protégé, an English antiquary, mathematician, numismatist and astronomer who would in the latter part of his career become simultaneously president of the Royal Society and of the Society of Antiquaries. Folkes took a Grand Tour from March 1733 to September 1735, recording the Italian leg of his journey from Padua to Rome in his journal. This paper examines Folkes's travel diary to analyse his Freemasonry, his intellectual development as a Newtonian and his scientific peregrination...
October 5, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977197/collaborative-quality-improvement-in-the-congenital-heart-defects-development-of-the-assist-consortium-and-a-preliminary-surgical-outcomes-report
#17
Fabio Carmona, Paulo Henrique Manso, Mariana Nicoletti Ferreira, Nana Miura Ikari, Marcelo Biscegli Jatene, Luciana Amato, Aida Luiza Turquetto, Luiz Fernando Caneo
OBJECTIVE: ASSIST is the first Brazilian initiative in building a collaborative quality improvement program in pediatric cardiology and congenital heart disease. The purposes of this manuscript are: (a) to describe the development of the ASSIST project, including the historical, philosophical, organizational, and infrastructural components that will facilitate collaborative quality improvement in congenital heart disease care; (b) to report past and ongoing challenges faced; and (c) to report the first preliminary data analysis...
July 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975624/genesis-and-profanation-of-the-other-world-the-interpretation-of-dreams
#18
Leandro Drivet
This paper addresses Nietzsche's reflections on the phenomenon of dreams as a crucial precedent of Freud's Die Traumdeutung. The works of Nietzsche and Freud are scrutinized to establish and compare the most relevant aspects of their understanding of dreams. The philosophical impact of both accounts is assessed in terms of the transvaluation of religious and metaphysical values, which reveals three epistemological shifts: the replacement of Metaphysics by History/Genealogy (Nietzsche) and by Metapsychology (Freud), and the expansion of rationality beyond the limits of consciousness (Nietzsche and Freud)...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975555/concerted-creativity-emergence-in-the-socio-im-material-and-intangible-practice-of-making-music
#19
Dan Lund Hvidtfeldt
The purpose of this article is to explore how the basic conception of 'emergence' informs the study of creativity as a socio-material practice. Initially, the article explicates how creative processes, products and performances involve not only tangible, but also intangible and social elements. Secondly, the theoretical conception of creativity as socio-material and the general philosophical notion of emergence are introduced. Inspired by the idea that a 'whole' is other than the sum of its 'parts' and by examples primarily from the world of music, the article argues that the relationship between subject and object - the main analytical focus of studies on creativity as a socio-material practice - is fundamentally embedded in an emergent process...
October 3, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975473/why-are-there-so-few-ethics-consults-in-children-s-hospitals
#20
Brian Carter, Manuel Brockman, Jeremy Garrett, Angie Knackstedt, John Lantos
In most children's hospitals, there are very few ethics consultations, even though there are many ethically complex cases. We hypothesize that the reason for this may be that hospitals develop different mechanisms to address ethical issues and that many of these mechanisms are closer in spirit to the goals of the pioneers of clinical ethics than is the mechanism of a formal ethics consultation. To show how this is true, we first review the history of collaboration between philosophers and physicians about clinical dilemmas...
October 3, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
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