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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813954/human-robot-sensor-interface-for-cardiac-rehabilitation
#1
Juan S Lara, Jonathan Casas, Andres Aguirre, Marcela Munera, Monica Rincon-Roncancio, Bahar Irfan, Emmanuel Senft, Tony Belpaeme, Carlos A Cifuentes
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the world. A program of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is related to physical activities or exercises to regain the optimal quality of life. CR relies on the necessity to evaluate, control and supervise a patient's status and progress. This work has two objectives: on the one hand, provide a tool for clinicians to assess the patient's status during CR. On the other hand, there is evidence that robots can motivate patients during therapeutic procedures. Our sensor interface explores the possibility to integrate a robotic agent into cardiac therapy...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810132/short-communication-alteration-in-blood-parameters-by-enrofloxacin-in-juvenile-lesser-spotted-dogfish-scyliorhinus-canicula-linnaeus-1758-after-intramuscular-injection
#2
Annalisa Zaccaroni, Marcos Perez-Lopez, Irene de la Casa Resino, Gianfranco Medri, Fabrizio Ceneri, Simone Bertini, Oliviero Mordenti, Luana Cortinovis, Rubina Sirri, Luciana Mandrioli
Enrofloxacin (EF) is a veterinary drug for respiratory, gastrointestinal and urinary tract infections. Parenteral administration at doses higher than the manufacturer recommended dosage has induced cartilage lesions in juvenile mammals and poultry. In elasmobranchs EF is commonly used for the treatment of infectious diseases, however only one study has been performed previously to evaluate pharmacokinetics and the potential chondrotoxicity of a fluoroquinolone in adult skates. In present study juvenile lesser spotted dogfish (Scyliorhinus canicula, Linnaeus, 1758) were treated with low (LD, 5mg/kg) and high dose (HD, 10mg/kg) of EF daily via intramuscular injection for 15 consecutive days, as indicated in a recognized treatment...
August 10, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807512/non-linear-finite-element-model-to-assess-the-effect-of-tendon-forces-on-the-foot-ankle-complex
#3
Enrique Morales-Orcajo, Thales R Souza, Javier Bayod, Estevam Barbosa de Las Casas
A three-dimensional foot finite element model with actual geometry and non-linear behavior of tendons is presented. The model is intended for analysis of the lower limb tendon forces effect in the inner foot structure. The geometry of the model was obtained from computational tomographies and magnetic resonance images. Tendon tissue was characterized with the first order Ogden material model based on experimental data from human foot tendons. Kinetic data was employed to set the load conditions. After model validation, a force sensitivity study of the five major foot extrinsic tendons was conducted to evaluate the function of each tendon...
August 11, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805553/top-10-research-questions-related-to-preventing-sudden-death-in-sport-and-physical-activity
#4
Rachel K Katch, Samantha E Scarneo, William M Adams, Lawrence E Armstrong, Luke N Belval, Julie M Stamm, Douglas J Casa
Participation in organized sport and recreational activities presents an innate risk for serious morbidity and mortality. Although death during sport or physical activity has many causes, advancements in sports medicine and evidence-based standards of care have allowed clinicians to prevent, recognize, and treat potentially fatal injuries more effectively. With the continual progress of research and technology, current standards of care are evolving to enhance patient outcomes. In this article, we provided 10 key questions related to the leading causes and treatment of sudden death in sport and physical activity, where future research will support safer participation for athletes and recreational enthusiasts...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802791/difference-in-inspiratory-flow-between-volume-and-pressure-control-ventilation-in-patients-with-flow-dyssynchrony
#5
Juan B Figueroa-Casas, Ricardo Montoya
PURPOSE: Flow dyssynchrony is common during volume control ventilation but minimized during pressure control. Characterizing inspiratory flow during pressure control breaths can inform adjustments of the fixed flow of volume control to address flow dyssynchrony. This study compared inspiratory flow peak and pattern between volume control and adaptive pressure control breaths. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Subjects with or at risk for ARDS were ventilated with volume control decreasing ramp flow at different tidal volumes and subsequently with adaptive pressure control targeting those same tidal volumes...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802065/quercetin-reverses-experimental-cirrhosis-by-immunomodulation-of-the-proinflammatory-and-profibrotic-processes
#6
Sael Casas-Grajales, Luis F Vázquez-Flores, Erika Ramos-Tovar, Erika Hernández-Aquino, Rosa E Flores-Beltrán, Carlos M Cerda-García-Rojas, Javier Camacho, Mineko Shibayama, Víctor Tsutsumi, Pablo Muriel
The ability of quercetin to reverse an established cirrhosis has not yet been investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the efficacy of this flavonoid in reversing experimental cirrhosis. Cirrhosis was induced by intraperitoneal administration of TAA (200 mg/kg of body weight) three times per week for 8 weeks or by intraperitoneal petrolatum-CCl4 (400 mg/kg of body weight) administration three times per week for 8 weeks. To determine the capacity of quercetin to prevent liver fibrosis, the flavonoid (50 mg/kg of body weight, p...
August 12, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801955/single-layer-centrifugation-of-fresh-dromedary-camel-semen-improves-sperm-quality-and-in-vitro-fertilization-capacity-compared-with-simple-sperm-washing
#7
C Malo, E G Crichton, J M Morrell, B S Pukazhenthi, J A Skidmore
Single layer centrifugation (SLC) through a colloid is a tool for selecting viable mammalian spermatozoa but has not been used previously for fresh dromedary camel sperm. Semen from six camels (2 ejaculates/male) was diluted 1:5 (v:v) or 1:10 (v:v) in a Tris-citrate-fructose buffer for mechanical liquefaction by gentle pipetting. Following liquefaction, semen was processed either by SLC or by centrifugation without a colloid (control). Total and progressive motilities, CASA kinematics, vitality and acrosome integrity (eosin-nigrosin) and plasma membrane integrity (Hypo-osmotic swelling test; HOST), and fertilizing ability in a heterologous assay (zona-free goat oocytes) were evaluated...
August 12, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800304/role-of-upper-cervical-spine-in-temporomandibular-disorders
#8
Cristian Rodolfo Raya, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Patricia Martín-Casas, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Natalia Romero-Franco
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are prevalent multifactorial pathologies in which the actual role of the cervical region position is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the position of the upper cervical rachis and the symptoms of TMD. METHODS: Sixty women were recruited to this study. All of them completed a questionnaire and were subjected to a temporomadibular exploration to create two different groups: a TMD Group (n= 30) - women who suffered TMD symptoms according to the evaluation; and a control group (n= 30) - women who were free from TMD symptoms...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800187/-cf%C3%A2-%C3%A2-au-as-a-highly-acidic-organogold-iii-fragment
#9
Babil Menjón, Alberto Pérez-Bitrián, Miguel Baya, José María Casas, Lawrence Rocco Falvello, Antonio Martín
The Lewis acidity of perfluorinated trimethylgold, (CF₃)₃Au, has been assessed by theoretical and experimental methods. It has been found that the (CF₃)₃Au unit is much more acidic than its non-fluorinated homologue (CH₃)₃Au, probably setting the upper limit in the acidity scale for any neutral R₃Au organogold(III) species. The significant acidity increase upon fluorination is in line with the CF₃ group being in fact more electron-widthdrawing than CH₃. The solvate (CF₃)₃Au·OEt₂ (1) is presented as a convenient synthon of the unsaturated, 14-electron species (CF₃)₃Au...
August 11, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783428/apex-predators-rockshelters-and-zoonoses-in-the-patagonian-holocene
#10
Martin Fugassa, Romina Petrigh
Carnivorous mammals are a trophic guild with an important role in the dissemination of parasite infective stages (larvae, eggs, cysts, and oocysts). In the present study, new samples of coprolites attributed to carnivorous mammals, obtained from two archaeological caves, were analyzed for the presence of parasites, with the aim to increase the knowledge about parasites in rockshelters that could have spread to humans and other mammals. To this purpose, fragments of 3 coprolites from Cerro Casa de Piedra, cave 5 (CCP5) and cave 7 (CCP7) were examined...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782460/horticulture-in-portugal-1850-1900-the-role-of-science-and-public-utility-in-shaping-knowledge
#11
Ana Duarte Rodrigues, Ana Simões
In this paper, we address the emergence of horticultural practice, agents, spaces and institutions in the two urban settings of Lisbon and Porto, in Portugal, during the second half of the nineteenth century. We do so by following the networking activities of two players: the self-made horticulturist and entrepreneur José Marques Loureiro, who created, in Porto, a commercial horticultural establishment and founded the Journal of Practical Horticulture; and the agronomist Francisco Simões Margiochi, head of the gardens and green grounds department of the municipality, who created the first course on gardening and horticulture, and founded the Royal Horticultural Society, both in Lisbon...
August 7, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776832/neural-interaction-between-risk-sensitivity-and-cognitive-control-predicting-health-risk-behaviors-among-late-adolescents
#12
Jungmeen Kim-Spoon, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Nina Lauharatanahirun, Julee P Farley, Pearl H Chiu, Warren K Bickel, Brooks King-Casas
The developmental period of adolescence is characterized by increasing incidence of health risk behaviors (HRBs). Based on theoretical models that emphasize the moderating role of cognitive control, this study examined how neural correlates of cognitive control and risk sensitivity interact to predict HRBs among late adolescents (17-20 years). Neuroimaging data indicate that risk-related hemodynamic activity in the anterior insula during anticipation of uncertain outcomes predicts HRBs among late adolescents exhibiting greater dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) activity during a cognitive interference task but not among late adolescents requiring less dACC activity...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774657/prevalence-of-rheumatic-diseases-in-adult-population-in-spain-episer-2016-study-aims-and-methodology
#13
Daniel Seoane-Mato, Carlos Sánchez-Piedra, Lucía Silva-Fernández, Francisca Sivera, Francisco J Blanco, Fernando Pérez Ruiz, Antonio Juan-Mas, José M Pego-Reigosa, Javier Narváez, Neus Quilis Martí, Raúl Cortés Verdú, Fred Antón-Pagés, Víctor Quevedo Vila, Gustavo Añez Sturchio, Fermín Medina Varo, María Del Mar Ruiz Tudela, Antonio Romero Pérez, Javier Ballina, Anahy Brandy García, Dolores Fábregas Canales, Teresa Font Gayá, Carolina Bordoy Ferrer, Beatriz González Álvarez, Laura Casas Hernández, Fátima Álvarez Reyes, Mónica Delgado Sánchez, Cristina Martínez Dubois, Simón Ángel Sánchez-Fernández, Luisa Marena Rojas Vargas, Paula Virginia García Morales, Alejandro Olivé, Paula Rubio Muñoz, Marta Larrosa, Noemí Navarro Ricos, Eduard Graell Martín, Eugenio Chamizo, Lara Chaves Chaparro, Sara Rojas Herrera, Jordi Pons Dolset, Miguel Ángel Polo Ostariz, Susana Ruiz-Alejos Garrido, Cristina Macía Villa, Ana Cruz Valenciano, María Luisa González Gómez, Mercedes Morcillo Valle, Deseada Palma Sánchez, María José Moreno Martínez, Marta Mayor González, Joana Atxotegi Sáenz de Buruaga, Irati Urionagüena Onaindia, Boris Anthony Blanco Cáceres, Federico Díaz-González, Sagrario Bustabad
AIMS: To describe the methodology of the EPISER 2016 (study of the prevalence of rheumatic diseases in adult population in Spain), as well its strengths and limitations. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren's syndrome (SS), osteoarthritis (knee, hip, hands, and cervical and lumbar spine), fibromyalgia, gout and clinical osteoporotic fracture...
July 31, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772151/concentrations-of-urinary-arsenic-species-in-relation-to-rice-and-seafood-consumption-among-children-living-in-spain
#14
Antonio J Signes-Pastor, Jesus Vioque, Eva M Navarrete-Muñoz, Manus Carey, Manoli's García de la Hera, Jordi Sunyer, Maribel Casas, Isolina Riaño-Galán, Adonina Tardón, Sabrina Llop, Rubén Amorós, Margaret R Karagas, Andrew A Meharg
Inorganic arsenic (i-As) has been related to wide-ranging health effects in children, leading to lifelong concerns. Proportionally, dietary i-As exposure dominates in regions with low arsenic drinking water. This study aims to investigate the relation between rice and seafood consumption and urinary arsenic species during childhood and to assess the proportion of urinary i-As metabolites. Urinary arsenic species concentration in 400 4-year-old children living in four geographical areas of Spain, in addition to repeated measures from 100 children at 7 years of age are included in this study...
July 31, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771590/exploring-the-larval-fish-community-of-the-central-red-sea-with-an-integrated-morphological-and-molecular-approach
#15
Stamatina Isari, John K Pearman, Laura Casas, Craig T Michell, Joao Curdia, Michael L Berumen, Xabier Irigoien
An important aspect of population dynamics for coral reef fishes is the input of new individuals from the pelagic larval pool. However, the high biodiversity and the difficulty of identifying larvae of closely related species represent obstacles to more fully understanding these populations. In this study, we combined morphology and genetic barcoding (Cytochrome Oxidase I gene) to characterize the seasonal patterns of the larval fish community at two sites in close proximity to coral reefs in the central-north Red Sea: one shallower inshore location (50 m depth) and a nearby site located in deeper and more offshore waters (~ 500 m depth)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770590/delivering-hiv-care-in-challenging-operating-environments-the-msf-experience-towards-differentiated-models-of-care-for-settings-with-multiple-basic-health-care-needs
#16
REVIEW
Charles Ssonko, Lucia Gonzalez, Anita Mesic, Marcio Silveira da Fonseca, Jay Achar, Nadia Safar, Beatriz Martin, Sidney Wong, Esther C Casas
INTRODUCTION: Countries in the West and Central African regions struggle to offer quality HIV care at scale, despite HIV prevalence being relatively low. In these challenging operating environments, basic health care needs are multiple, systems are highly fragile and conflict disrupts health care. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has been working to integrate HIV care in basic health services in such settings since 2000. We review the implementation of differentiated HIV care and treatment approaches in MSF-supported programmes in South Sudan (RoSS), Central African Republic (CAR) and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767747/determination-of-an-optimal-membrane-permeable-cryoprotectant-addition-and-dilution-protocol-for-water-buffalo-spermatozoa
#17
S Mehmood, H Ahmed, S A Hussain Shah, F H Wattoo, S Akhtar, S M Hassan Andrabi
BACKGROUND: There is a possibility to reduce the toxicity of glycerol and osmotic stress of DMSO by lowering their concentrations in freezing extenders. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of glycerol and DMSO in tris-citric acid based extender on post- thaw quality of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) bull spermatozoa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen was collected from five adult buffalo bulls with artificial vagina. Five aliquots of semen per bull were separated for dilution with the treatment extenders...
May 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765324/glesatinib-exhibits-antitumor-activity-in-lung-cancer-models-and-patients-harboring-met-exon-14-mutations-and-overcomes-mutation-mediated-resistance-to-type-i-met-inhibitors-in-nonclinical-models
#18
Lars Engstrom, Ruth Aranda, Matthew Lee, Elizabeth A Tovar, Curt Essenburg, Zachary B Madaj, Harrah Chiang, David Briere, Jill Hallin, Pedro P Lopez-Casas, Natalia Banos, Camino Menéndez, Manuel Hidalgo, Vanessa Tassell, Richard Chao, Darya I Chudova, Richard B Lanman, Peter Olson, Lyudmila Bazhenova, Sandip P Patel, Carrie R Graveel, Mizuki Nishino, Geoffrey I Shapiro, Nir Peled, Mark M Awad, Pasi A Janne, James G Christensen
MET exon 14 deletion (METex14 del) mutations represent a novel class of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) driver mutations.  We evaluated glesatinib, a spectrum-selective MET inhibitor exhibiting a type II binding mode, in METex14 del-positive nonclinical models and NSCLC patients and assessed its ability to overcome resistance to type I MET Inhibitors.<br /><br />Experimental Design: As most MET inhibitors in clinical development bind the active site with a type I binding mode, we investigated mechanisms of acquired resistance to each MET inhibitor class utilizing in vitro and in vivo models and in glesatinib clinical trials...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765035/effects-of-adding-different-levels-of-glutamine-to-modified-beltsville-extender-on-the-survival-of-frozen-rooster-semen
#19
Aytak Bakhshayesh Khiabani, Gholamali Moghaddam, Hossein Daghigh Kia
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of l-glutamine on the quality of frozen-thawed rooster semen. Semen samples were collected from eight mature roosters (Ross 308). After initial semen assessments, samples of adequate quality were mixed together and diluted with modified Beltsville extender without l-glutamine (control) and supplemented with 2.5, 5, and 7.5mM l-glutamine. Semen straws were subjected to cryopreservation and evaluated twice at 15-day intervals. After thawing, sperm viability, total and progressive sperm motilities were measured by Eosin-Nigrosine and Computer-Aided Sperm Analysis (CASA), respectively...
July 25, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760090/the-impact-of-emotional-lability-symptoms-during-childhood-in-adults-with-adhd
#20
Laura Gisbert, Vanesa Richarte, Montserrat Corrales, Pol Ibáñez, Rosa Bosch, Miquel Casas, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether emotional lability (EL) in adult ADHD patients can already be identified during their childhood and the extent to which this childhood symptomatology can predict EL in adulthood. METHOD: Seven hundred eighteen adults with ADHD were examined. EL in adulthood was assessed using the Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS). According to Conners' definition of EL, seven items from the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) were used to determine this symptomatology in childhood...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
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