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Cervical length

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628531/costs-and-length-of-stay-for-the-acute-care-of-patients-with-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury-following-cervical-trauma-the-impact-of-early-transfer-to-specialized-acute-sci-center
#1
Andréane Richard-Denis, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman, Cynthia Thompson, Étienne Bourassa-Moreau, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
OBJECTIVE: Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) centers aim to optimize outcome following SCI. However, there is no timeframe to transfer patients from regional to SCI centers in order to promote cost-efficiency of acute care. Our objective was to compare costs and length of stay (LOS) following early and late transfer to the SCI center. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study involving 116 individuals was conducted. Group 1 (n = 87) was managed in an SCI center promptly after the trauma, whereas group 2 (n = 29) was transferred to the SCI center only after surgery...
July 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628186/knockdown-of-homeobox-containing-1-increases-the-radiosensitivity-of-cervical-cancer-cells-through-telomere-shortening
#2
Shuliang Zhou, Youde Xiao, Yafei Zhuang, Yinyin Liu, Hong Zhao, Hui Yang, Conghua Xie, Fuxiang Zhou, Yunfeng Zhou
Homeobox containing 1 (HMBOX1) modulates telomere length in various types of tumor cells by binding to double‑stranded telomeric DNA. There is a negative correlation between telomere length and radiosensitivity in tumor cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the relationship among HMBOX1, telomere and radiosensitivity in cervical cancer cells. Lentivirus-based shRNAs were used to establish stable transfected cell lines in which protein and mRNA levels of HMBOX1 were notably decreased. Knockdown of HMBOX1 increased the radiosensitivity of HeLa and C33A cells...
July 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628137/-antagonistic-effect-of-quercetin-on-pm2-5-toxicity-in-the-rat-s-embryonic-development-in-vitro
#3
A Q Fan, J Q Feng, W Liu, M J Zhang, T Liu, Y L Zhou, Y J Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the antagonistic effect of quercetin on fine particulate matter (PM2.5)-induced embryonic developmental toxicity in vitro. METHODS: PM2.5 was collected on glass fiber filters by PM2.5 samplers during the heating period of Dec. 2015 to Mar. 2016 in an area of Haidian District, Beijing City. The sampled filters were cut into 1 cm×3 cm pieces followed by sonication. The PM2.5 suspension was filtered into a 10 cm glass dish through 8 layers of sterile carbasus and stored at -80 °C until freeze drying...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627291/early-complications-morbidity-and-mortality-in-octo-and-nonagenarians-undergoing-posterior-intraoperative-spinal-navigation-based-c1-2-fusion-for-type-ii-odontoid-process-fractures
#4
Basem Ishak, Till Schneider, Valerie Gimmy, Andreas W Unterberg, Karl L Kiening
Type II odontoid fractures represent the most common cervical spine injury in the elderly. The decision for surgical treatment is still controversial, particularly with regard to the elevated perioperative risk attributed to frequent comorbidities and poor bone quality. Purpose of this study was to assess both short-term mortality and mid-term clinical and radiological outcome in the elderly. Between January 2007 and December 2015, 35 patients with type II odontoid process fractures who underwent posterior atlanto-axial instrumentation using a modified Goel-Harms technique were retrospectively analyzed and prospectively examined clinically and radiologically...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627262/a-longitudinal-study-investigating-cervical-changes-during-labor-using-a-wireless-ultrasound-device
#5
Juyoung Kim, Sukyoung Kim, Seungjoo Jeon, Sunyoung Jung
PURPOSE: Cervical assessment during digital vaginal examination (DVE) includes assessing cervical dilatation, effacement, position, and consistency. Only cervical dilatation during labor has been previously researched. We investigated cervical changes, including cervical dilatation and effacement, using a wireless ultrasound device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a longitudinal study investigating cervical changes during labor using a wireless ultrasound device...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626101/-comparison-of-short-term-outcomes-between-minimally-invasive-mckeown-esophagectomy-and-ivor-lewis-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#6
Xiong Peng, Yun Chen, Abdillah Nassor Juma, Yanqing Wang, Yuan Zhou, Yang Jiao, Weixing Zhang, Wei Zhuang
To summarize the outcomes of 74 patients with minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy (MIE-McKeown), and to discuss the short-term outcomes by comparing with Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy (ILE) procedure.
 Methods: A total of 74 patients with esophageal carcinoma underwent MIE-McKeown in Xiangya Hospital from November 2014 to July 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, and 85 patients underwent ILE procedure were selected as a control group. Perioperative and short-term outcomes were analyzed.
 Results: Compared with the ILE group, patients underwent MIE-McKeown had less blood loss, less pulmonary infection, longer resection length and more harvested lymph nodes (P<0...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625962/application-research-on-nerve-sparing-radical-hysterectomy-for-rectal-function
#7
Yuehui Su, Mengzhen Zhang, Weiwei Zhang, Huirong Shi
This paper aims to discuss the clinical significance of laparotomy nerve sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) on rectal function of early cervical cancer patients, compared with conventional radical hysterectomy. 30 cases of early cervical carcinoma patients who had received surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2010 to June 2014 were selected as subjects. Patients were divided into two groups, with 15 in each gorup, in which Group A had received NSRH, B received CRH, and all them were in stage IB-IIA1...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624196/evaluation-of-antisense-oligonucleotides-targeting-atxn3-in-sca3-mouse-models
#8
Lauren R Moore, Gautam Rajpal, Ian T Dillingham, Maya Qutob, Kate G Blumenstein, Danielle Gattis, Gene Hung, Holly B Kordasiewicz, Henry L Paulson, Hayley S McLoughlin
The most common dominantly inherited ataxia, spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3), is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the ATXN3 gene that encodes an abnormally long polyglutamine tract in the disease protein, ATXN3. Mice lacking ATXN3 are phenotypically normal; hence, disease gene suppression offers a compelling approach to slow the neurodegenerative cascade in SCA3. Here we tested antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) that target human ATXN3 in two complementary mouse models of SCA3: yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) MJD-Q84...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614250/the-prevalence-of-heterotopic-ossification-among-patients-after-cervical-artificial-disc-replacement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Lingde Kong, Qinghua Ma, Fei Meng, Junming Cao, Kunlun Yu, Yong Shen
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates of heterotopic ossification (HO) following cervical artificial disc replacement (ADR) varied widely in previous studies. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize its point prevalence. METHODS: Electronic searches of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were conducted to identify studies that reported prevalence of HO. Definitions of HO and severe HO were based on McAfee grading system...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613021/combined-value-of-placental-alpha-microglobulin-1-detection-and-cervical-length-via-transvaginal-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-of-preterm-labor-in-symptomatic-patients
#10
Vyacheslav Bolotskikh, Vera Borisova
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the combined value of placental alpha microglobulin-1 (PAMG-1) and cervical length (CL) via transvaginal ultrasound for assessing risk of imminent spontaneous preterm delivery in patients presenting with threatened preterm labor (PTL). METHODS: Clinical exam, PAMG-1 test, cardiotocography, and CL measurement via transvaginal ultrasound were performed on all patients meeting inclusion criteria. Ninety-nine patients at 22(+0) -36(+6) gestational weeks with the symptoms of PTL were included...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612662/preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-is-home-care-acceptable
#11
Chloé Dussaux, Marie-Victoire Senat, Hanane Bouchghoul, Alexandra Benachi, Laurent Mandelbrot, Gilles Kayem
BACKGROUND: Preterm prelabor rupture of membranes is a frequent obstetric condition associated with increased risks of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Conventional management is in hospital. Outpatient management is an alternative in selected cases, however the safety of home management has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To study the obstetric and neonatal outcomes of women with preterm premature rupture of membranes between 24 and 34 weeks who where managed as outpatient (Outpatient care group), compared with those managed in hospital (Hospital care group)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612286/placental-and-maternal-serum-activin-a-in-spontaneous-and-induced-labor-in-late-term-pregnancy
#12
L Funghi, M Torricelli, R Novembri, S Vannuccini, G Cevenini, M Di Tommaso, F M Severi, F Petraglia
PURPOSE: Feto-placental unit represents an important source of activin A, a member of transforming growth factors-β involved in the mechanisms of labor. No evidences are available on activin A in pregnancies beyond 41 weeks of gestation, where induction of labor is often required. The present study aimed to evaluate activin A maternal serum levels and placental mRNA expression in term and late-term pregnancy, with spontaneous or induced labor, and its possible role to predict the response to labor induction...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610335/rhigonema-naylae-n-sp-rhigonematomorpha-rhigonematidae-a-new-parasitic-nematode-from-a-japanese-polydesmid-millipede-polydesmida-xystodesmidae
#13
Jans Morffe, Koichi Hasegawa
Rhigonema naylae n. sp. (Rhigonematomorpha: Rhigonematidae) is described from the hindgut of the polydesmid millipede Parafontaria laminata (Attems, 1909) (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae), from Aichi prefecture, Japan. The new species is characterized by having a medium sized body in both sexes, the cephalic collar partially fused to the body cuticle, but not overhanging the body contour; cervical region densely covered in short, fine microtrichs that extend from the posterior margin of the cephalic collar to ca...
May 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609929/a-new-anchialine-species-of-i-naushonia-i-decapoda-gebiidea-laomediidae-from-the-bahamas
#14
Fernando Alvarez, Thomas M Iliffe, José Luis Villalobos
A new species of mud shrimp of the genus Naushonia Kingsley, 1897 is described from two anchialine caves on the island of Great Abaco in the Bahamas. Naushonia tinkeri n. sp. is the fifteenth species in the genus and the second to be described from the Bahamas. The new species is morphologically similar to N. augudrea (Juarrero & García, 1997) from Holguín Province, eastern Cuba, with which it shares a carapace with cervical and cardiac grooves; however, it can be distinguished by having a pigmented cornea, the first pereiopod with a proportionately longer propodus and dactylus without a toothed external margin, and the telson longer relative to the uropod length...
April 27, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600035/predictors-of-perinatal-outcomes-and-economic-costs-for-late-term-induction-of-labour
#15
Daniel Oros, Raquel Garcia-Simon, Jesús Clemente, Ernesto Fabre, Manuel Angel Romero, Antonio Montañes
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to predict the perinatal outcomes and costs of health services following labour induction for late-term pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 245 women who underwent labour induction during their 41st week of gestation. The cervical condition was assessed upon admission using the Bishop score and ultrasound cervical length measurements. We estimated the direct costs of labour induction, and a predictive model for perinatal outcomes was constructed using the decision tree analysis algorithm and a logit model...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594783/progestogens-for-maintenance-tocolysis-in-women-with-a-short-cervix-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Fabio Facchinetti, Patrizia Vergani, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Luca Marozio, Barbara Acaia, Roberto Vicini, Lucrezia Pignatti, Anna Locatelli, Marina Spitaleri, Chiara Benedetto, Barbara Zaina, Roberto DʼAmico
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of progestogens for maintenance tocolysis in women undelivered after their first preterm labor episode. METHODS: Women with singleton pregnancies between 22 0/7 and 31 6/7 weeks of gestation with arrested preterm labor and a cervical length 25 mm or less at hospital discharge were eligible. Patients with a previous preterm birth were excluded. In a randomized controlled trial conducted in five university hospitals, women were randomized to receive vaginal progesterone (200 mg per day) or intramuscular 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (341 mg per week) or to an observation groups (control group)...
June 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594774/cervical-evaluation-from-ancient-medicine-to-precision-medicine
#17
Helen Feltovich
Since ancient times, cervical assessment for predicting timing of delivery has relied primarily on digital (subjective) assessment of dilatation, softening, and length. To date, transvaginal ultrasound cervical length is the only one of these parameters that meets criteria for a biomarker; no objective, quantitative measure of cervical dilatation or softening has gained clinical acceptance. This review discusses how the cervix has been assessed from ancient times to the present day and how a precision medicine approach could improve understanding of not only the cervix, but also parturition in general...
June 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591072/the-incremental-hospital-cost-and-length-of-stay-associated-with-treating-adverse-events-among-medicare-beneficiaries-undergoing-cervical-spinal-fusion-during-fiscal-year-2013-and-2014
#18
Steven D Culler, Kevin J McGuire, Kenneth M Little, David Jevsevar, Kevin Shea, Michael Schlosser, Karen E Ambrose, April W Simon
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: To report the incremental hospital resources consumed with treating adverse events experienced by Medicare beneficiaries undergoing a two or three vertebrae level cervical spinal fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hospitals are increasingly at financial risk for patients experiencing adverse events due "pay for performance". Little is known about incremental resources consumed when treating patients who experienced an adverse event following cervical spinal fusions...
June 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589303/three-types-of-sagittal-alignment-regarding-compensation-in-asymptomatic-adults-the-contribution-of-the-spine-and-lower-limbs
#19
Hongda Bao, Renaud Lafage, Barthelemy Liabaud, Jonathan Elysée, Bassel G Diebo, Gregory Poorman, Cyrus Jalai, Peter Passias, Aaron Buckland, Shay Bess, Thomas Errico, Lawrence G Lenke, Munish Gupta, Han Jo Kim, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage
PURPOSE: A comprehensive understanding of normative sagittal profile is necessary for adult spinal deformity. Roussouly described four sagittal alignment types based on sacral slope, lumbar lordosis, and location of lumbar apex. However, the lower limb, a newly described component of spinal malalignment compensation, is missing from this classification. This study aims to propose a full-body sagittal profile classification in an asymptomatic population based on full-body imaging. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of a prospective single-center study of 116 asymptomatic volunteers...
June 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586106/sonographic-measurement-of-cervical-volume-in-pregnant-women-at-high-risk-of-preterm-birth-using-a-geometric-formula-for-a-frustum-versus-3-dimensional-automated-virtual-organ-computer-aided-analysis
#20
Ahmed I Ahmed, Sarah R Aldhaheri, Javier Rodriguez-Kovacs, Deepa Narasimhulu, Manesha Putra, Howard Minkoff, Shoshana Haberman
OBJECTIVES: To compare cervical volume measurements by 3-dimensional (3D) sonography using Virtual Organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL; GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI) versus a manual method using a geometric formula for a frustum. METHODS: We included 142 asymptomatic pregnant women at 16 to 24 weeks gestation at high risk for preterm birth. With a Voluson 730 Expert system (GE Healthcare), they underwent 2-dimensional (2D) transvaginal sonographic cervical length measurements and 3D cervical volume acquisition...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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