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Cervical length

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224267/-clinical-outcomes-of-cervical-disc-herniation-treated-by-posterior-percutaneous-endoscopic-cervical-discectomy
#1
B L Chen, Y J Li, Y P Lin, Y X Du, S Zhao, G Y Su
Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcomes of posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PPECD) for cervical disc herniation. Methods: A total of 23 patients who underwent PPECD for cervical disc herniation at Department of Spine Surgery, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine from August 2014 to April 2016 were reviewed. The mean age of the 17 males and 6 females was 49.5 years (range from 31 to 61 years). All patients had unilateral upper limb radiating symptoms, 13 patients with right upper limb radiating pain and 10 patients with left upper limb radiation pain, 17 patients with neck pain symptoms...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224196/diagnostic-accuracy-of-posterior-cervical-angle-and-cervical-length-in-the-prediction-of-successful-induction-of-labor
#2
Akram M Al-Adwy, Sherin M Sobh, Doaa S Belal, Eman F Omran, Amr Hassan, Ahmed H Saad, Mai M Afifi, Adel M Nada
OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of the posterior cervical angle (PCA) compared with the cervical length and the Bishop score in predicting the outcome of induction of labor (IOL). METHODS: The present prospective observational study included IOL candidates who had their PCA and cervical length assessed by transvaginal ultrasonography and the Bishop score at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Kasr El-Aini Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, between April 1 and July 31, 2017...
December 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215497/gender-differences-for-anterior-cervical-fusion-complications-and-length-of-stay
#3
Bryce A Basques, Fady Y Hijji, Benjamin Khechen, Brittany E Haws, Benjamin C Mayo, Dustin H Massel, Philip K Louie, Kaitlyn L Cardinal, Jordan A Guntin, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort OBJECTIVE.: To assess differences in baseline characteristics between genders of patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and risk factors for adverse outcomes according to gender. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is a common treatment for cervical spine disease. To reduce the rate of complications, risk factors associated for adverse events have been identified. However, few studies have examined the risk for inferior outcomes or complications following ACDF by gender...
December 5, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212400/cervical-pessaries-for-the-prevention-of-preterm-birth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Limei Zheng, Jun Dong, Yongdong Dai, Yanling Zhang, Libing Shi, Minling Wei, Xiaoying Jin, Chao Li, Songying Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cervical pessaries for the prevention of preterm birth. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and other sources from inception to July 2016. This analysis referred to pregnant women with singleton/multiple viable fetus/fetuses, with or without cervical pessary placement. RESULTS: Six randomized control trials and 5 cohort studies involving 3911 participants were included...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207782/prediction-of-delivery-in-women-with-threatening-preterm-labour-using-phosphorylated-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-1-and-cervical-length-using-transvaginal-ultrasound
#5
Amrita Kumari, Vandana Saini, P K Jain, Mamta Gupta
Introduction: Preterm delivery remains a challenge in Obstetrics as it is responsible for significant cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. At present there is no standard test for prediction of preterm labour for timely referral to a center with NICU facilities. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of the cervical phosphorylated insulin like growth factor binding protein-1(phIGFBP-1), cervical length measurement and combination of phIGFBP-1 with cervical length for Predicting Preterm Labour (PTL)...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207732/pre-microrna-gene-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#6
Shruti Srivastava, Shalini Singh, Naseem Fatima, Balraj Mittal, Anand Narain Srivastava
Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short (~22 nucleotides) regulatory RNAs that can modulate gene expression and are aberrantly expressed in many diseases, including cancer. It has been suggested that, the presence of single nucleotide polymorphisms in precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) can alter miRNA processing, expression and binding to target mRNA and represents another type of genetic variability, that can contribute to the susceptibility of human cancers. Aim: The present study investigated the genetic variants in pre-miRNAs (hsa-miRNA-196a2 rs11614913 C/T, hsa-miRNA-499 rs3746444 T/C and hsa-miRNA-146a rs2910164 G/C) for their role in cervical cancer susceptibility...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207386/follow-up-of-asymptomatic-high-risk-patients-with-normal-cervical-length-to-predict-recurrence-of-preterm-birth
#7
Javier Caradeux, Clara Murillo, Carla Julià, Silvia Escura, Silvia Ferrero, Teresa Cobo, Eduard Gratacós, Montse Palacio
BACKGROUND: A midtrimester cervical length (CL) <25 mm is associated with spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). However, as CL ≥25 mm is not enough to exclude recurrence in high-risk patients, follow-up CL measurement later in pregnancy has been proposed. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether CL measurement at 26±1 weeks in asymptomatic high-risk patients improves the prediction of sPTB recurrence. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of high-risk women because of previous sPTB was analyzed...
December 5, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206085/reduction-in-the-burden-of-hospital-admissions-due-to-cervical-disease-from-2003-2014-in-spain
#8
Noelia López, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel, Raquel Pascual-García, Ruth Gil-Prieto
BACKGROUND: Cervix uteri cancer is the 4th most common cancer among women worldwide and the second most frequent cancer in women under 45 years old in Spain. We aimed to describe the burden of hospital admissions by malignant neoplasia (MN) and in situ carcinoma (ISC) of the cervix in Spain from 2003 to 2014, a 12-year period that included the first years after introduction of an HPV vaccination program. METHODS: This epidemiological study reviewed data from the Ministry of Health National Surveillance System, which includes more than 98% of Spanish hospitals...
December 5, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205670/neck-vessel-cross-sectional-area-measured-with-mri-scan-rescan-reproducibility-for-longitudinal-evaluations
#9
Laura Pelizzari, Maria Marcella Laganà, Dejan Jakimovski, Niels Bergsland, Jesper Hagemeier, Giuseppe Baselli, Robert Zivadinov
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The cross-sectional area (CSA) of common carotid arteries-internal carotid arteries (CCA-ICAs), vertebral arteries (VAs), and internal jugular veins (IJVs) is influenced by aging. However, the neck vessel CSA can be affected by other factors as well, including subject positioning, hydration, and respiration, especially in longitudinal studies. This study aimed to assess scan-rescan reproducibility of CCA-ICAs, VAs, and IJVs CSA measurements in order to evaluate their feasibility for longitudinal CSA assessments, and to apply the segmentation method on a longitudinal pilot dataset...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205573/serum-relaxin-and-cervical-length-for-the-prediction-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-second-trimester-symptomatic-women
#10
Athanasios Pantelis, Alexandros Sotiriadis, Kimon Chatzistamatiou, Georgios Pratilas, Konstantinos Dinas
OBJECTIVE: to investigate whether serum relaxin is associated with preterm birth in symptomatic women, either as a standalone test or in the context of a combined model. METHODS: This was a case-control study of women with singleton pregnancy, who presented between 24+0 and 26+6 weeks with threatened preterm labor and intact membranes. Cervical length, full blood count, C-reactive protein and maternal demographics were recorded at presentation. Blood samples were taken for relaxin and these parameters were compared between women who delivered <37 weeks (N=46) and women delivering at term (N=66)...
December 5, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192877/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-surgical-outcomes-narcotics-consumption-and-hospital-costs-following-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#11
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Brittany E Haws, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kelly H Yom, Jonathan Markowitz, Kern Singh
OBJECTIVE Given the increasing prevalence of obesity, more patients with a high body mass index (BMI) will require surgical treatment for degenerative spinal disease. In previous investigations of lumbar spine pathology, obesity has been associated with worsened postoperative outcomes and increased costs. However, few studies have examined the association between BMI and postoperative outcomes following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare surgical outcomes, postoperative narcotics consumption, complications, and hospital costs among BMI stratifications for patients who have undergone primary 1- to 2-level ACDF procedures...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192202/reassessment-of-fluctuating-dental-asymmetry-in-down-syndrome
#12
Marcos Matabuena Rodríguez, Pedro Diz Dios, Carmen Cadarso-Suárez, Márcio Diniz-Freitas, Mercedes Outumuro Rial, Maria Teresa Abeleira Pazos, Jacobo Limeres Posse
Fluctuating dental asymmetry (FDA) is a tool to measure developmental stability that could be increased in gonosomal aneuploidies. The aim of this study was to quantify FDA in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). The study group comprised 40 individuals with DS, and a control group matched for age and sex was created. The target teeth were the maxillary central incisors (11,21), maxillary lateral incisors (12,22), maxillary canines (13,23), and maxillary first molars (16,26). Dental morphometric variables measured on CBCT images included tooth length, crown height, root length, mesio-distal diameter, crown-to-root ratio, vestibular-palatine diameter, mid mesio-distal diameter, mid buccal-palatal diameter, maximum buccal-palatal diameter, and cervical circumference...
November 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188370/predictors-of-cerclage-failure-in-patients-with-singleton-pregnancy-undergoing-prophylactic-cervical-cerclage
#13
K Taghavi, M L Gasparri, D Bolla, D Surbek
PURPOSE: The role of cervical cerclage to prevent preterm birth (PTB) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to identify prognostic factors for cerclage failure among singleton pregnant women following prophylactic cerclage (PC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of PC was performed in a single center. The main outcome measure was cerclage failure, defined by spontaneous early PTB prior to 32 weeks' gestation. Age, BMI, history of instrumentation of the uterus, history of second trimester miscarriage, previous conization, positive vaginal swab prior cerclage, gestational age at time of cerclage, CRP 1 week after cerclage and post-cerclage US changes of cervical length were tested as predictive factors...
November 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186565/computed-tomography-based-image-guided-brachytherapy-for-cervical-cancer-correlations-between-dose-volume-parameters-and-clinical-outcomes
#14
Takeaki Kusada, Takafumi Toita, Takuro Ariga, Hitoshi Maemoto, Seiji Hashimoto, Hideki Shiina, Yasumasa Kakinohana, Joichi Heianna, Yutaka Nagai, Wataru Kudaka, Yoichi Aoki, Sadayuki Murayama
This study evaluated the oncologic outcomes and complications of cervical cancer patients in terms of CT-based image-guided brachytherapy (IGBT) parameters. Of 68 cervical cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy/concurrent chemoradiotherapy, most received whole-pelvis external beam RT (EBRT) of 40 Gy in 20 fractions, pelvic EBRT with central shield of 10 Gy in 5 fractions, and CT-based IGBT of 18 Gy in 3 fractions prescribed to point A. Cumulative EBRT and IGBT doses were calculated as the total equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185278/styloid-process-elongation-on-cervical-spine-computed-tomography-is-associated-with-the-enthesopathy-related-diseases-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis
#15
Talia Levy, Salim Bader, Kay-Geert Hermann, Gal Yaniv, Gahl Grinberg, Oshry Mozes, Merav Lidar, Iris Eshed
BACKGROUND: Enthesopathy may lead to calcification of the stylohyoid ligament and can cause elongation of the styloid process (SP). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether SP elongation is associated with two common enthesitis-related diseases: ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). METHODS: Cervical spine computed tomography (CT) examinations of patients with DISH (n=64, Resnick criteria), AS (n=24, New York criteria) and a controls (no radiological signs of DISH or AS, n=54) were retrospectively evaluated...
November 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184859/risk-factors-for-massive-postpartum-bleeding-in-pregnancies-in-which-incomplete-placenta-previa-are-located-on-the-posterior-uterine-wall
#16
Hyun Jung Lee, Young Jai Lee, Eun Hee Ahn, Hyeon Chul Kim, Sang Hee Jung, Sung Woon Chang, Ji Yeon Lee
Objective: To identify factors associated with massive postpartum bleeding in pregnancies complicated by incomplete placenta previa located on the posterior uterine wall. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was performed. We identified 210 healthy singleton pregnancies with incomplete placenta previa located on the posterior uterine wall, who underwent elective or emergency cesarean section after 24 weeks of gestation between January 2006 and April 2016...
November 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183676/depolarization-and-electrical-stimulation-enhance-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-sensory-axon-growth-after-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Ioana Goganau, Beatrice Sandner, Norbert Weidner, Karim Fouad, Armin Blesch
Activity dependent plasticity is a key mechanism for the central nervous system (CNS) to adapt to its environment. Whether neuronal activity also influences axonal regeneration in the injured CNS, and whether electrical stimulation (ES) can activate regenerative programs in the injured CNS remains incompletely understood. Using KCl-induced depolarization, in vivo ES followed by ex-vivo neurite growth assays and ES after spinal cord lesions and cell grafting, we aimed to identify parameters important for ES-enhanced neurite growth and axonal regeneration...
November 25, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182395/evaluation-of-the-dens-to-axis-length-ratio-and-dens-angle-in-toy-breed-dogs-with-and-without-atlantoaxial-instability-and-in-healthy-beagles
#18
Fumitaka Takahashi, Takaharu Hakozaki, Nobuo Kanno, Yasuji Harada, Shinya Yamaguchi, Yasushi Hara
OBJECTIVE To evaluate and compare morphological characteristics of the dens in atlantoaxial instability (AAI)-predisposed toy-breed dogs (TBDs) with and without AAI and non-AAI-predisposed healthy Beagles. ANIMALS 80 AAI-affected and 40 nonaffected TBDs and 40 Beagles. PROCEDURES Each dog underwent CT examination of the cervical vertebral column. On median 3-D multiplanar reconstruction images, the dens angle (DA) was measured as were the lengths of the dens and the body of the axis; the dens-to-axis length ratio (ratio of the dens length to the axis body length [DALR]) was calculated...
December 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181509/effect-of-several-negative-rounds-of-human-papillomavirus-and-cytology-co-testing-on-safety-against-cervical-cancer-an-observational-cohort-study
#19
Philip E Castle, Walter K Kinney, Xiaonan Xue, Li C Cheung, Julia C Gage, Fang-Hui Zhao, Barbara Fetterman, Nancy E Poitras, Thomas S Lorey, Nicolas Wentzensen, Hormuzd A Katki, Mark Schiffman
Background: Current U.S. cervical cancer screening and management guidelines do not consider previous screening history, because data on multiple-round human papillomavirus (HPV) and cytology "co-testing" have been unavailable. Objective: To measure cervical cancer risk in routine practice after successive negative screening co-tests at 3-year intervals. Design: Observational cohort study. Setting: Integrated health care system (Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, California)...
November 28, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179285/-efficacy-of-3d-print-guide-technique-in-one-stage-posterior-approach-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-and-thoracic-tuberculosis-with-kyphosis
#20
Nazierhan Shaxika, Z G Sun, H Yuan, H Wang
Objective: To investigate the application of 3D printing technology in the treatment of patients with cervical kyphosis and paraplegia in different segments of the cervical spine after one-stage debridement, bone graft fusion and pedicle screw fixation. Methods: From January 2008 to January 2017, a total of 31 patients with thoracolumbar tuberculosis were treated in the Department of Orthopaedics, the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region people's Hospital.Lesions of the thoracic spine (T1-T4) in 8 cases, (C5-C7) in 10 cases, cervical and thoracic segment in 13 cases, involving a total of 2 cases of vertebral body in 7 cases, 3 cases of vertebral body in 14 cases, 4 cases of vertebral body...
November 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
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