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Cervical length

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432462/novel-esophageal-stent-for-treatment-of-cervical-anastomotic-leakage-after-esophagectomy
#1
Gang Wu, Meipan Yin, Yan Shi Zhao, Yi Fang, Gaofeng Zhao, Jia Zhao, Xinwei Han
BACKGROUND: Dedicated stents for treatment of cervical anastomotic leakage are currently unavailable. In this study, we aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of using custom-designed stents for treatment of cervical anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy. METHODS: The stents were designed according to the location and size of the leakage and the residual esophageal length as determined by esophagography in each case. It had a cup-shaped upper end and a globular lower end and a total height of 60-85 mm...
April 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429741/the-risk-of-translaminar-screw-fixation-to-the-transverse-foramen-of-the-lower-cervical-spine-a-computed-tomography-study
#2
Ganggang Kong, Wei Ji, Zucheng Huang, Junhao Liu, Jianting Chen, Qingan Zhu
Translaminar screw fixation (TSF) of the axis is considered as an efficient, safe and simple surgical procedure, however the study of the potential risk of TSF to the transverse foramen in lower cervical spine is lacked. Head-neck CT images of 60 patients were included in this study. Maximum screw length, laminar thickness, the screw angle and the laminar height were measured. The feasibility of 3.5-mm diameter screw fixation and the potential risk of transverse foramen injury was analyzed. The TSF was safe at C3 and C4, but risky to the transverse foraman at a rate of 8...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428213/clinically-feasible-microstructural-mri-to-quantify-cervical-spinal-cord-tissue-injury-using-dti-mt-and-t2-weighted-imaging-assessment-of-normative-data-and-reliability
#3
A R Martin, B De Leener, J Cohen-Adad, D W Cadotte, S Kalsi-Ryan, S F Lange, L Tetreault, A Nouri, A Crawley, D J Mikulis, H Ginsberg, M G Fehlings
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: DTI, magnetization transfer, T2*-weighted imaging, and cross-sectional area can quantify aspects of spinal cord microstructure. However, clinical adoption remains elusive due to complex acquisitions, cumbersome analysis, limited reliability, and wide ranges of normal values. We propose a simple multiparametric protocol with automated analysis and report normative data, analysis of confounding variables, and reliability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty healthy subjects underwent T2WI, DTI, magnetization transfer, and T2*WI at 3T in <35 minutes using standard hardware and pulse sequences...
April 20, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426837/the-high-prevalence-of-hpv-and-hpv16-european-variants-in-cervical-and-anal-samples-of-hiv-seropositive-women-with-normal-pap-test-results
#4
Lays Paula Bondi Volpini, Neide Aparecida Tosato Boldrini, Luciana Bueno de Freitas, Angelica Espinosa Miranda, Liliana Cruz Spano
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-seropositive women are more likely to have anogenital cancer, and high risk-HPV (HR-HPV) infection is the main associated factor. Between August 2013 and December 2015, we conducted a descriptive study to determine the HPV genotypes and HPV16 variants in cervical and anal samples of HIV-seropositive women with a normal Pap test. The viral DNA was amplified by PCR using the PGMY09/11 set of primers. Reverse line blot (RLB), restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and sequencing assays were used to determine the HPV genotypes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425069/a-prospective-serial-mri-study-following-acute-traumatic-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Joost P H J Rutges, Brian K Kwon, Manraj Heran, Tamir Ailon, John T Street, Marcel F Dvorak
PURPOSE: In acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) patients, we sought to characterize how objective MRI measures of injury change during the first 3 week post-injury. METHODS: Six MRI scans each were planned in 19 cervical SCI patients within the first 3 week post-injury. Length of cord edema, maximum spinal cord compression, maximum canal compromise, and presence and length of hematoma were measured. RESULTS: Length of spinal cord edema increased in the first 48 h after SCI, followed by a gradual decrease in the 3 weeks after injury...
April 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424026/walking-ability-following-hybrid-assistive-limb-treatment-for-a-patient-with-chronic-myelopathy-after-surgery-for-cervical-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament
#6
Shigeki Kubota, Tetsuya Abe, Hideki Kadone, Kengo Fujii, Yukiyo Shimizu, Aiki Marushima, Tomoyuki Ueno, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Yasushi Hada, Akira Matsumura, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
CONTEXT: The hybrid assistive limb (HAL) (the wearable robot) can assist kinesis during voluntary control of hip and knee joint motion by detecting the wearer's bioelectric signals on the surface of their skin. The purpose of this study was to report on walking ability following the wearable robot treatment in a patient with chronic myelopathy after surgery for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). FINDINGS: The patient was a 66-year-old woman with cervical OPLL who was able to ambulate independently with the aid of bilateral crutches...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420506/prediction-of-spontaneous-preterm-delivery-in-asymptomatic-twin-pregnancies-using-cervical-length-and-granulocyte-elastase
#7
Kei Tanaka, Kenji Yamada, Miho Matsushima, Tomoko Izawa, Seishi Furukawa, Yoichi Kobayashi, Mitsutoshi Iwashita
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate sonographic cervical length (CL) and granulocyte elastase (GE) in cervical secretion as predictors of preterm delivery in asymptomatic twin pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled asymptomatic twin pregnancies with CL < 25 mm at 22-29 weeks of gestation. All women were hospitalized for preterm labor, and the cervical secretion was obtained for GE testing on admission. The results of CL measurement and GE testing were reviewed, and the relationship between each variables and preterm delivery prior to 34 weeks of gestation was assessed...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418597/mid-trimester-residual-cervical-length-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-pregnancies-after-abdominal-radical-trachelectomy-a-retrospective-analysis
#8
Yoshifumi Kasuga, Kei Miyakoshi, Hiroshi Nishio, Yohei Akiba, Toshimitsu Otani, Marie Fukutake, Satoru Ikenoue, Daigo Ochiai, Tadashi Matsumoto, Kyoko Tanaka, Kazuhiro Minegishi, Naoaki Kuji, Rachel Roberts, Daisuke Aoki, Mamoru Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the mid-trimester residual cervical length (CL) and the risk of preterm birth in pregnancies after abdominal radical trachelectomy (RT). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University Hospital. POPULATION: A total of 33 deliveries after 22 weeks' gestation in 30 women who underwent abdominal RT including prophylactic cervical cerclage and perinatal care between January 2002 and May 2016...
April 18, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417213/retrospective-analysis-of-cervical-corpectomies-implant-related-complications-of-one-and-two-level-corpectomies-in-45-patients
#9
Sebastian Hartmann, P Kavakebi, C Wipplinger, A Tschugg, P P Girod, S Lener, C Thomé
Cervical corpectomies are increasingly used to treat degenerative, metastatic, inflammatory and traumatic multisegmental diseases. The postoperative results are thought to correlate mainly with the number of resected vertebral bodies. Thus, the aim of the study was to analyse complications and early outcome of these procedures to document the implant-related complications in order to set up a prospective clinical trial. Forty-five patients, who were treated in our department from 2011 to 2014 and who were available for a minimum follow-up of 1 year, were consecutively included in this retrospective evaluation...
April 17, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413118/cadaveric-and-ultrasonographic-validation-of-needling-placement-in-the-cervical-multifidus-muscle
#10
César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Juan A Mesa-Jiménez, Jose A Paredes-Mancilla, Shane L Koppenhaver, Samuel Fernández-Carnero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if a needle is able to reach the cervical multifidus during the application of dry needling or acupuncture. METHODS: Dry needling and ultrasound imaging of cervical multifidi was conducted on 5 patients (age: 32 ± 5 years) with mechanical neck pain and on 2 fresh cadavers (age: 64 ± 1 years). Dry needling was done using a needle of 40 mm in length inserted perpendicular to the skin about 1 cm lateral to the spinous process at C3-C4...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413041/defining-cervical-elongation-a-prospective-observational-study
#11
Patrick A Nosti, Robert E Gutman, Cheryl B Iglesia, Amy J Park, Eshetu Tefera, Andrew I Sokol
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to define cervical elongation (CE) using the following methods: (1) measurement of pathology specimen, (2) physician perception, (3) intraoperative estimate of anterior cervical length, and (4) office Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) points C and D. Our secondary aim was to determine whether these definitions correlate with perioperative outcomes. METHODS: Women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy and prolapse repair were enrolled...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412603/impairments-of-balance-stepping-reactions-and-gait-in-people-with-cervical-dystonia
#12
Christopher Barr, Rhiannon Barnard, Lauren Edwards, Sheila Lennon, Lynley Bradnam
BACKGROUND: Impaired balance is common in neurological disorders. Cervical dystonia is a neurological movement disorder affecting the neck. The effect of this aberrant head posture on physical function is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare balance, mobility, gait and stepping reactions between ten people with cervical dystonia and ten control adults. METHODS: Spatiotemporal gait parameters and walking speed were assessed using a computerised walkway...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411085/vaginal-myomectomy-using-d%C3%A3-hrssen-longitudinal-median-cervical-incision-a-case-series-of-19-patients
#13
Wai Yoong, Wei Zhao, Hong Cai, Robyn D'Cruz, Alessia Corrieri, John Hamilton, Abiodun Fakokunde
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine demographics and outcome measures of women having undergone vaginal excision of myoma through Dührssen (longitudinal median cervical) incision DESIGN: Prospective case series DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: The design of the study conforms to Canadian Task Force II3 ie evidence from timed series SETTING: A London teaching hospital PATIENTS: 19 patients with either a) submucus myoma (type 1) located near the cervix or b) pedunculated intracavity myoma (type 0), excised via Dührssen incision INTERVENTIONS: Dührssen (median longitudinal) incision on the anterior or posterior cervical lip MEASUREMENTS: Duration of procedure, intraoperative complications, estimated blood loss, length of stay, % 24 hour discharge, readmission rates RESULTS: Between 2009-16, 19 women had their myomas (submucus type 1, n=17; pedunculated intracavity type 0, n=2) removed vaginally via Dührssen incision...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399138/short-cervical-lengths-initially-detected-in-mid-trimester-and-early-in-the-third-trimester-in-asymptomatic-twin-gestations-association-with-histologic-chorioamnionitis-and-preterm-birth
#14
Jeong Woo Park, Kyo Hoon Park, Eun Young Jung, Soo-Hyun Cho, Ji Ae Jang, Ha-Na Yoo
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether short cervical lengths (≤20 mm) that were initially detected in mid-trimester and early in the third trimester are independently associated with increased risks of subsequent histologic chorioamnionitis and spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB, defined as a delivery before 34 weeks) in asymptomatic women with twin pregnancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a prospective study including 292 consecutive asymptomatic women with twin gestations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398701/cervical-pessary-for-preventing-preterm-birth-in-singleton-pregnancies-with-short-cervical-length-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Gabriele Saccone, Andrea Ciardulli, Serena Xodo, Lorraine Dugoff, Jack Ludmir, Giorgio Pagani, Silvia Visentin, Salvatore Gizzo, Nicola Volpe, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Giuseppe Rizzo, Pasquale Martinelli, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of cervical pessary for preventing spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in singleton gestations with a second trimester short cervix. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from their inception until February 2016. We included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing the use of the cervical pessary with expectant management in singletons pregnancies with transvaginal ultrasound cervical length (TVU CL) ≤25 mm. The primary outcome was incidence of SPTB <34 weeks...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397052/pregnancy-outcomes-following-transvaginal-cerclage-for-cervical-insufficiency-results-from-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#16
Sheng Wang, Ying Wang, Ling Feng
To study maternal and perinatal outcomes after cervical cerclage in both singleton and twin pregnancies, we retrospectively reviewed women undergoing cervical cerclage for cervical insufficiency at Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, China from January 1, 2010 to July 31, 2015 to evaluate primary and secondary outcomes for subgroups with cervical length (CL) ≤15, >15 to <25, and ≥25 mm. Of 166 patients who underwent cervical cerclage, after exclusion of patients with missed abortion and continuing pregnancy, 141 patients (121 singleton and 20 twin pregnancies) were included in the analysis...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393580/second-trimester-cervical-length-and-outcomes-of-induction-of-labor-at-term
#17
Rupsa C Boelig, Anju Suhag, Juliana Guarente, Kelly Orzechowski, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether second-trimester cervical length (CL) is associated with induction of labor (IOL) outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of nulliparous singletons undergoing CL screening at 18 0/7-23 6/7 weeks from 1/1/2012 to 12/31/2013. Women induced at term (≥37 weeks) were included. Primary outcome was vaginal delivery (VD) within 24 h. The effect of CL on outcomes was assessed by incidence across CL quartiles and a receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383102/risk-stratification-in-cervical-cancer-screening-by-complete-screening-history-applying-bioinformatics-to-a-general-screening-population
#18
Nicholas Baltzer, Karin Sundström, Jan F Nygård, Joakim Dillner, Jan Komorowski
Women screened for cervical cancer in Sweden are currently treated under a one-size-fits-all programme, which has been successful in reducing the incidence of cervical cancer but does not use all of the participants' available medical information. This study aimed to use women's complete cervical screening histories to identify diagnostic patterns that may indicate an increased risk of developing cervical cancer. A nationwide case-control study was performed where cervical cancer screening data from 125,476 women with a maximum follow-up of 10 years were evaluated for patterns of SNOMED diagnoses...
April 6, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379051/the-reliability-of-assessing-sternocleidomastoid-muscle-length-and-strength-in-adults-with-and-without-mild-neck-pain
#19
Michael T Cibulka, Jessica Herren, Anne Kilian, Steven Smith, Fatima Mahmutovic, Courtney Dolles
BACKGROUND: The sternocleidomastoid (SCM) is an important cervical spine muscle. Weakness of the SCM muscle has been implicated with cervical problems. No studies have examined the reliability of assessing the SCM muscle length or strength. Also no studies exist that have looked to see if imbalances in SCM muscle length or strength exists between the left and right sides in those with and without neck pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability of assessing the SCM muscle for length and strength and to see if SCM length could predict SCM strength in those with and without neck pain...
April 5, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378073/kinematics-of-cervical-segments-c5-c6-in-axial-rotation-before-and-after-total-disc-arthroplasty
#20
Martin Michael Wachowski, Jan Weiland, Markus Wagner, Riccardo Gezzi, Dietmar Kubein-Meesenburg, Hans Nägerl
PURPOSE: The kinematical properties of C5/C6 segments in axial rotation are evaluated before and after total disc arthroplasty (TDA) with PRESTIGE(®)-and BRYAN(®) Cervical Disc (Medtronic) under flexion/extension as parameters and compared with those of C3/C4. METHODS: Eight human segments were stimulated by triangularly varying, axially directed torque (T z(t)) under compressing static axial preloads. Using a 6D-measuring device with high resolution, the response of segmental motion was characterized by the instantaneous helical axis (IHA)...
April 4, 2017: European Spine Journal
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