keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Glenohumeral joint

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435581/bilateral-asymmetrical-fracture-dislocation-of-shoulder-with-rare-combination-of-injuries-after-epileptic-seizure-a-case-report
#1
A Sharma, S Jindal, M S Narula, S Garg, A Sethi
The incidence of bilateral gleno-humeral joint dislocation is rare, is almost always posterior and is usually caused by sports injuries, epileptic seizures, electrical shock, or electroconvulsive therapy. Bilateral fracture-dislocation is even rarer, with a few cases reported in the literature. We report an unusual case with dislocation of the both glenohumeral joints in opposite direction after a seizure episode, with fracture of greater tuberosity on one side and of the lesser tuberosity on the contralateral side...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432457/outcome-and-revision-rate-of-uncemented-glenohumeral-resurfacing-c-a-p-after-5-8%C3%A2-years
#2
P C Geervliet, M P J van den Bekerom, P Spruyt, M Curvers, A van Noort, C P J Visser
BACKGROUND: Resurfacing of the glenohumeral joint for patients with glenohumeral arthritis has gained popularity since the first introduction. We report the mid-term results of the Global C.A.P. uncemented resurfacing shoulder prosthesis (DePuy Synthes). METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2009, 48 humeral cementless resurfacing prostheses in 46 patients were performed. All patients were diagnosed with primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis. Patients were contacted for review; the Constant Score, visual analog pain scale, Dutch Simple Shoulder Test, SF-12 scores and physical examination were assessed both preoperatively and yearly postoperatively...
April 21, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414265/effectiveness-of-a-home-based-eccentric-exercise-program-on-the-torque-angle-relationship-of-the-shoulder-external-rotators-a-pilot-study
#3
Timothy L Uhl, Thomas Rice, Brianna Papotto, Timothy A Butterfield
CONTEXT: The role of the rotator cuff is to provide dynamic stability to the glenohumeral joint. Human and animal studies have identified sarcomerogenesis as an outcome of eccentric training indicated by more torque generation with the muscle in a lengthened position. OBJECTIVE: The authors hypothesized that a home-based eccentric-exercise program could increase the shoulder external rotators' eccentric strength at terminal internal rotation (IR). DESIGN: Prospective case series...
April 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412061/influence-of-the-labrum-on-version-and-diameter-of-the-glenoid-a-morphometric-study-using-magnetic-resonance-images
#4
Joyce Anthony, Ibin Varughese, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth, Erik Hohmann
PURPOSE: To use magnetic resonance imaging to determine the influence of the labrum on both the osseous version and effective diameter of the glenoid. METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional study of patients with shoulder pain who underwent MRI between February 2014 and February 2015. The morphology of the glenoid labrum and glenoid was scanned with a 3-T magnetic resonance imaging scanner, and variables were measured by use of IntelliSpace PACS Enterprise...
April 12, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409511/multimodal-assessment-of-sensorimotor-shoulder-function-in-patients-with-untreated-anterior-shoulder-instability-and-asymptomatic-handball-players
#5
Guillaume Mornieux, Anja Hirschmüller, Albert Gollhofer, Norbert P Südkamp, Dirk Maier
BACKGROUND: Functional evaluation of sensorimotor function of the shoulder joint is important for guidance of sports-specific training, prevention and rehabilitation of shoulder instability. Such assessment should be multimodal and comprise all qualities of sensorimotor shoulder function. This study evaluates feasibility of such multimodal assessment of glenohumeral sensorimotor function in patients with shoulder instability and handball players. METHODS: Nine patients with untreated anterior instability of their dominant shoulder and 15 asymptomatic recreational handball players performed proprioceptive joint position sense and dynamic stabilisation evaluations on an isokinetic device, as well as a functional throwing performance task...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409136/functional-outcome-after-arthroscopic-repair-of-triple-shoulder-instability
#6
Glaydson Gomes Godinho, Flávio de Oliveira França, José Márcio Alves Freitas, Lander Braga Calais Correia Pinto, Carolina Lima Simionatto, Pedro Paulo Gomes Viana Filho
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional outcomes of patients submitted to arthroscopic repair of triple labral lesion. METHODS: This was an analytical retrospective study of patients who underwent arthroscopic treatment of triple labral lesion from March 2005 to December 2014. Patients with at least one year of postoperative follow-up were included. A total of nine patients were evaluated. The mean age was 32.3 years and the dominant side was affected in five patients...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405221/assessment-of-the-restriction-of-arm-elevation-after-intramedullary-fixation-for-proximal-humeral-fractures
#7
Hiroaki Inui, Katsuya Nobuhara
BACKGROUND: Nail protrusion is suspected as a reason for the restriction of arm elevation after antegrade nailing of proximal humeral fractures, although assessment of the restriction of the glenohumeral joint during arm elevation has been insufficient. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 30 shoulders with proximal humeral fractures in 29 cases were treated with Polarus short nails (Acumed, Beaverton, OR, USA). At a mean final follow-up of 14 months, clinical outcomes, bony union, alignment including retroversion of the head and entry points of the nails were evaluated...
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405218/adhesive-capsulitis-of-the-shoulder-review-of-pathophysiology-and-current-clinical-treatments
#8
REVIEW
Hai V Le, Stella J Lee, Ara Nazarian, Edward K Rodriguez
Adhesive shoulder capsulitis, or arthrofibrosis, describes a pathological process in which the body forms excessive scar tissue or adhesions across the glenohumeral joint, leading to pain, stiffness and dysfunction. It is a debilitating condition that can occur spontaneously (primary or idiopathic adhesive capsulitis) or following shoulder surgery or trauma (secondary adhesive capsulitis). Here, we review the pathophysiology of adhesive shoulder capsulitis, highlighting its clinical presentation, natural history, risk factors, pathoanatomy and pathogenesis...
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400880/arthroscopic-findings-in-anterior-shoulder-instability
#9
REVIEW
Michael Hantes, Vasilios Raoulis
BACKGROUND: In the last years, basic research and arthroscopic surgery, have improved our understanding of shoulder anatomy and pathology. It is a fact that arthroscopic treatment of shoulder instability has evolved considerably over the past decades. The aim of this paper is to present the variety of pathologies that should be identified and treated during shoulder arthroscopy when dealing with anterior shoulder instability cases. METHODS: A review of the current literature regarding arthroscopic shoulder anatomy, anatomic variants, and arthroscopic findings in anterior shoulder instability, is presented...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365852/a-prospective-randomized-study-comparing-three-different-approaches-to-fluoroscopy-guided-shoulder-arthrography-according-to-the-experience-of-practitioners
#10
Guen Young Lee, Joon Woo Lee, Eugene Lee, Joong Mo Ahn, Heung Sik Kang
OBJECTIVE: To compare three approaches via the anterior and posterior glenohumeral joints, and the rotator interval in fluoroscopy-guided shoulder arthrography according to the experience of the practitioners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized study was originally designed to have 34 subjects for each approach, and finally evaluated 98 patients (mean age: 51.5 years; 55 men) from July to December 2014, who had shoulder arthrography via the anterior (n = 41) or posterior glenohumeral joint (n = 27) approaches, or via the rotator interval approach (n = 30) by residents (n=76) or fellows (n=22)...
April 1, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365205/articular-ultrasound-in-asymptomatic-volunteers-identification-of-the-worst-measures-of-synovial-hypertrophy-synovial-blood-flow-and-joint-damage-among-small-medium-%C3%A2-and-large-sized-joints
#11
Flávia Soares Machado, Jamil Natour, Rogerio Diniz Takahashi, Rita N V Furtado
Articular ultrasound of 6500 joint recesses was performed for the purpose of identifying which joint had the highest measurements among small-sized (SSJ), medium-sized (MSJ) and large-sized (LSJ) joints. Quantitative measurements of synovial hypertrophy (QSR) and semiquantitative measurements of synovial hypertrophy (SSH), power Doppler (SPD) and bone erosion (SBE) (score: 0-3) were made. Higher measurements (p < 0.01) of QSR were obtained in the second metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP), talonavicular joint, and hip...
March 29, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361016/prevention-and-management-of-post-instability-glenohumeral-arthropathy
#12
REVIEW
Brian R Waterman, Kelly G Kilcoyne, Stephen A Parada, Josef K Eichinger
Post-instability arthropathy may commonly develop in high-risk patients with a history of recurrent glenohumeral instability, both with and without surgical stabilization. Classically related to anterior shoulder instability, the incidence and rates of arthritic progression may vary widely. Radiographic arthritic changes may be present in up to two-thirds of patients after primary Bankart repair and 30% after Latarjet procedure, with increasing rates associated with recurrent dislocation history, prominent implant position, non-anatomic reconstruction, and/or lateralized bone graft placement...
March 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359839/a-novel-flexible-drill-device-enabling-arthroscopic-transosseous-repairof-bankart-lesions
#13
Ye-Yeon Won, Jin Soo Park, Soo Joong Choi, Sung In Hong
We have developed a flexible drill device that makes arthroscopic transosseous repair possible, and report preliminary results.Twelvepatientswith post-traumatic anterior inferior glenohumeral instability were selected. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The flexible drill device is inserted into the shoulder joint through the posterior portal and the guide pipe unit is placed 5mm posterior to the margin of the anterior glenoid rim. The flexible drill is driven through the glenoid with the power drill, creating a hole in the glenoid...
March 27, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359697/a-comparison-of-onlay-versus-inlay-glenoid-component-loosening-in-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#14
Jeffrey R Gagliano, Sarah M Helms, Gregory P Colbath, Breanne T Przestrzelski, Richard J Hawkins, John D DesJardins
BACKGROUND: Glenoid component loosening is common in total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), often resulting from the mechanical interaction of glenohumeral components. This cadaveric study was performed to evaluate and to compare commercially available onlay and inlay glenoid prosthetic designs with respect to loading characteristics and loosening. METHODS: Sixteen prescreened cadaveric shoulders (8 matched pairs) underwent either onlay or inlay TSA. We created a custom glenohumeral loading model and used cycles of 5 mm anterior-posterior humeral translation to simulate a rocking-horse loosening mechanism for all testing...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345405/thickness-distribution-of-glenohumeral-joint-cartilage
#15
Christoph Schleich, Bernd Bittersohl, Gerald Antoch, Rüdiger Krauspe, Christoph Zilkens, Jörn Kircher
High-resolution 3-dimensional cartilage-specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at 3 T to test the following hypotheses: (1) there is a nonuniform cartilage thickness distribution both on the proximal humerus and on the glenoid surface and (2) the glenohumeral joint as a combined system is congruent with the level of the joint cartilage surface without substantial radial mismatch. Inclusion of 38 volunteers (19 females, mean age 24.34 ± 2.22 years; range 21-29 years) in a prospective study...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327299/subject-specific-musculoskeletal-modeling-in-the-evaluation-of-shoulder-muscle-and-joint-function
#16
Wen Wu, Peter V S Lee, Adam L Bryant, Mary Galea, David C Ackland
Upper limb muscle force estimation using Hill-type muscle models depends on musculotendon parameter values, which cannot be readily measured non-invasively. Generic and scaled-generic parameters may be quickly and easily employed, but these approaches do not account for an individual subject's joint torque capacity. The objective of the present study was to develop a subject-specific experimental testing and modeling framework to evaluate shoulder muscle and joint function during activities of daily living, and to assess the capacity of generic and scaled-generic musculotendon parameters to predict muscle and joint function...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327294/reference-values-for-the-scalene-interval-width-during-varying-degrees-of-glenohumeral-abduction-using-ultrasonography
#17
Ross Mattox, Patrick J Battaglia, Aaron B Welk, Yumi Maeda, Daniel W Haun, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish reference values for the width of the interval between the anterior and middle scalene muscles using ultrasonography during varying degrees of glenohumeral joint (GH) abduction. Reliability and body mass index (BMI) data were also assessed. METHODS: Interscalene triangles of asymptomatic participants were scanned bilaterally in the transverse plane. Images were obtained at 0°, 90°, and 150° of GH abduction with the participant seated...
November 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322758/increased-seat-dump-angle-in-a-manual-wheelchair-is-associated-with-changes-in-thoracolumbar-lordosis-and-scapular-kinematics-during-propulsion
#18
Beth A Cloud, Kristin D Zhao, Arin M Ellingson, Ahmad Nassr, Anthony J Windebank, Kai-Nan An
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and compare spinal curvature and shoulder kinematics throughout the manual wheelchair propulsion cycle for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) who were seated at 2 different seat dump angles. DESIGN: Single-group, repeated-measures study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight individuals completed the telephone screening; 21 were eligible and completed the study. INTERVENTIONS: Participants' personal manual wheelchairs were modified to have seat dump angles of 0° or 14°, with a vertical backrest...
March 18, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319426/high-satisfaction-and-return-to-sports-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-aged-55-years-and-younger
#19
Grant H Garcia, Joseph N Liu, Alec Sinatro, Hao-Hua Wu, Joshua S Dines, Russell F Warren, David M Dines, Lawrence V Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Young, active candidates for total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) are a unique group of patients. Not only do they demand longevity and improved function, but they also desire a return to physical activities. PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to sports in patients aged ≤55 years undergoing TSA. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of consecutive patients who underwent anatomic TSA at a single institution...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293503/near-complete-humerus-reconstruction-in-the-pediatric-patient-with-vascularized-free-fibula-transfer
#20
John Shuck, Benjamin C Wood, Christopher Zarella, Albert K Oh, Robert M Henshaw, Gary F Rogers
Vascularized free fibula transfer remains the gold standard for reconstruction of large segmental diaphyseal defects of the upper extremity. In the pediatric patient, before skeletal maturity, free fibula transfer with the fibular head provides an active physis for growth and an articular interface for glenohumeral joint reconstruction. Clinical and cadaveric studies have demonstrated that the vascular supply to the fibular head originates, in most cases, from the anterior tibial system. However, anatomical variation exists, and we report a case in which a vascularized fibula autograft including the physis was transferred on the peroneal artery in a 5-year-old patient with Ewing's sarcoma...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
keyword
keyword
29878
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"