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Early Breast Cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240740/characteristics-of-and-differences-between-pasifika-women-and-new-zealand-european-women-diagnosed-with-breast-cancer-in-new-zealand
#1
Charis Brown, Chunhuan Lao, Ross Lawrenson, Sandar Tin Tin, Michelle Schaaf, Jacquie Kidd, Anne Allan-Moetaua, Josephine Herman, Reena Raamsroop, Ian Campbell, Mark Elwood
AIM: Breast cancer in New Zealand-based Pasifika women is a significant issue. Although Pasifika women have a lower incidence of breast cancer compared to New Zealand European women, they have higher breast cancer mortality and lower five-year survival. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and tumour biology of Pasifika women and to compare New Zealand European women to identify what factors impact on early (Stage 1 and 2) vs advanced stage (Stage 3 and 4) at diagnosis...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238749/a-feasibility-study-of-neoadjuvant-talazoparib-for-operable-breast-cancer-patients-with-a-germline-brca-mutation-demonstrates-marked-activity
#2
J K Litton, M Scoggins, D L Ramirez, R K Murthy, G J Whitman, K R Hess, B E Adrada, S L Moulder, C H Barcenas, V Valero, J Schwartz Gomez, E A Mittendorf, A Thompson, T Helgason, G B Mills, H Piwnica-Worms, B K Arun
This study was undertaken to determine the feasibility of enrolling breast cancer patients on a single-agent-targeted therapy trial before neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Specifically, we evaluated talazoparib in patients harboring a deleterious BRCA mutation (BRCA+). Patients with a germline BRCA mutation and ≥1 cm, HER2-negative primary tumors were eligible. Study participants underwent a pretreatment biopsy, 2 months of talazoparib, off-study core biopsy, anthracycline, and taxane-based chemotherapy ± carboplatin, followed by surgery...
2017: NPJ Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238679/novel-program-of-using-village-health-workers-in-early-detection-and-awareness-of-head-and-neck-cancers-audit-of-a-community-screening-program
#3
Girish S Mishra, Sushen H Bhatt
Head and neck cancers together (oral cavity, pharynx and larynx) are sixth commonest worldwide and are the commonest cancers in developing countries. The Cancer Project was started in Kheda/Anand, Gujarat, a harvest land of tobacco. The objective of this programme was to indoctrinate the most vulnerable and the least tended upon; the basics of head and neck cancers via the medium of their own kins. Voluntary village health workers were educated and trained to pick up the early signs of head and neck cancers...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238654/primary-endocrine-therapy-in-older-women-with-breast-cancer
#4
REVIEW
R M C Pepping, J E A Portielje, W van de Water, N A de Glas
Purpose of Review: Breast cancer incidence increases with age. In recent years, primary endocrine therapy has been increasingly used as a treatment option for frail elderly women with breast cancer, although surgery is still the guideline-recommended treatment. In this review, we discuss the evidence for primary endocrine therapy versus surgical treatment in older women with early breast cancer. Recent Findings: Both randomised controlled trials and recent observational studies showed a favourable progression-free survival but not overall survival for surgery plus adjuvant endocrine therapy versus primary endocrine therapy...
2017: Current Geriatrics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238489/comparison-of-mammography-and-ultrasonography-findings-with-pathology-results-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-in-birjand-iran
#5
Fatemeh Haghighi, Ghodratollah Naseh, Mahyar Mohammadifard, Naeeme Abdollahi
Background: Early diagnosis of breast cancer, the incidence of which among Iranian women is about a decade earlier than in developed countries, is important. Objective: To compare mammography and ultrasonography findings with those of pathology in patients with breast cancer. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using medical records of 79 patients with breast malignancies, who were referred to Imam Reza Hospital and private laboratories of Birjand, Iran, from December 2012 to December 2014...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238273/dual-effects-of-n-n-dimethylformamide-on-cell-proliferation-and-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer
#6
Jihong Zhang, Daibing Zhou, Lingyun Zhang, Qunbo Lin, Weimin Ren, Jinguo Zhang, Lubna Nadeem, Guoxiong Xu
N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) has been widely used as an organic solvent in industries. DMF is a potential medication. However, the antitumorigenic role of DMF in breast cancer remains unclear. Here, we examined dose-dependent effects of DMF on proliferation and apoptosis in breast cancer MCF-7 and nontumorous MCF-12A cells. We found that DMF had a growth inhibitory effect in MCF-12A cells in a dose-dependent manner. By contrast, however, DMF had dual effects on cell proliferation and apoptosis in MCF-7 cells...
October 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237903/clinicopathological-features-and-prognostic-evaluation-of-bone-metastasis-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#7
Anqi Luo, Fang Wu, Rui Han, Shangke Huang, Yujiao Zhang, Xin Jing, Xinhan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Bone metastases (BMs) are common for breast cancer patients. However, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) with BM is relatively rare and few data on it are available. In this study, we aim to investigate the incidence and clinicopathological features and to evaluate the prognosis of TNBC patients with BM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 616 patients with TNBC (120 out of them had BM) between 2007 and 2011 were involved in the study. Clinicopathological characteristics were statistically analyzed...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237527/-a-rhabdomyosarcoma-patient-from-a-li-fraumeni-syndrome-family-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Yao Xie, Wei-Hong Zhao, Ying Hua, Qing Sun, Peng-Hui Wu
Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome, with the characteristics of early onset of cancer and high cancer incidence. TP53 is widely accepted as a pathogenic gene of LFS. A 2 years and 6 months old boy is reported in this article, who was diagnosed with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) in the left submandibular region. His brother died of RMS, and his grandmother was diagnosed with breast cancer. TP53 gene mutation detection was performed in this patient and some family members, indicating a missense mutation in exon 8 of the patient: c...
December 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237009/recent-trends-in-chemotherapy-use-and-oncologists-treatment-recommendations-for-early-stage-breast-cancer
#9
Allison W Kurian, Irina Bondarenko, Reshma Jagsi, Christopher R Friese, M Chandler McLeod, Sarah T Hawley, Ann S Hamilton, Kevin C Ward, Timothy P Hofer, Steven J Katz
Background: There is growing concern about overtreatment of breast cancer as outcomes have improved over time. However, little is known about how chemotherapy use and oncologists' recommendations have changed in recent years. Methods: We surveyed 5080 women (70% response rate) diagnosed with breast cancer between 2013 and 2015 and accrued through two Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries (Georgia and Los Angeles) about chemotherapy receipt and their oncologists' chemotherapy recommendations...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236593/role-of-genetic-testing-for-inherited-prostate-cancer-risk-philadelphia-prostate-cancer-consensus-conference-2017
#10
Veda N Giri, Karen E Knudsen, William K Kelly, Wassim Abida, Gerald L Andriole, Chris H Bangma, Justin E Bekelman, Mitchell C Benson, Amie Blanco, Arthur Burnett, William J Catalona, Kathleen A Cooney, Matthew Cooperberg, David E Crawford, Robert B Den, Adam P Dicker, Scott Eggener, Neil Fleshner, Matthew L Freedman, Freddie C Hamdy, Jean Hoffman-Censits, Mark D Hurwitz, Colette Hyatt, William B Isaacs, Christopher J Kane, Philip Kantoff, R Jeffrey Karnes, Lawrence I Karsh, Eric A Klein, Daniel W Lin, Kevin R Loughlin, Grace Lu-Yao, S Bruce Malkowicz, Mark J Mann, James R Mark, Peter A McCue, Martin M Miner, Todd Morgan, Judd W Moul, Ronald E Myers, Sarah M Nielsen, Elias Obeid, Christian P Pavlovich, Stephen C Peiper, David F Penson, Daniel Petrylak, Curtis A Pettaway, Robert Pilarski, Peter A Pinto, Wendy Poage, Ganesh V Raj, Timothy R Rebbeck, Mark E Robson, Matt T Rosenberg, Howard Sandler, Oliver Sartor, Edward Schaeffer, Gordon F Schwartz, Mark S Shahin, Neal D Shore, Brian Shuch, Howard R Soule, Scott A Tomlins, Edouard J Trabulsi, Robert Uzzo, Donald J Vander Griend, Patrick C Walsh, Carol J Weil, Richard Wender, Leonard G Gomella
Purpose Guidelines are limited for genetic testing for prostate cancer (PCA). The goal of this conference was to develop an expert consensus-driven working framework for comprehensive genetic evaluation of inherited PCA in the multigene testing era addressing genetic counseling, testing, and genetically informed management. Methods An expert consensus conference was convened including key stakeholders to address genetic counseling and testing, PCA screening, and management informed by evidence review. Results Consensus was strong that patients should engage in shared decision making for genetic testing...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236294/acute-myeloid-leukemia-and-myelodysplastic-syndrome-after-adjuvant-chemotherapy-a-population-based-study-among-older-breast-cancer-patients
#11
Aron S Rosenstock, Jiangong Niu, Sharon H Giordano, Hui Zhao, Antonio C Wolff, Mariana Chavez-MacGregor
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy for early breast cancer is associated with a small risk of developing myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and/or acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The aim of this study was to determine the risk of developing AML or MDS after modern adjuvant chemotherapy in older breast cancer patients and to further define the risk of individual chemotherapy regimens. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with stage I to III breast cancer from 2003 to 2009 were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare and Texas Cancer Registry-Medicare linked databases...
December 13, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235045/axillary-staging-for-breast-cancer-during-pregnancy-feasibility-and-safety-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy
#12
S N Han, F Amant, E H Cardonick, S Loibl, F A Peccatori, O Gheysens, C A Sangalli, V Nekljudova, K Dahl Steffensen, M Mhallem Gziri, C P Schröder, C A R Lok, A Verest, P Neven, A Smeets, G Pruneri, M Cremonesi, O Gentilini
BACKGROUND: Safety of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for breast cancer during pregnancy is insufficiently explored. We investigated efficacy and local recurrence rate in a large series of pregnant patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Women diagnosed with breast cancer who underwent SLN biopsy during pregnancy were identified from the International Network on Cancer, Infertility and Pregnancy, the German Breast Group, and the Cancer and Pregnancy Registry. Chart review was performed to record technique and outcome of SLN biopsy, locoregional and distant recurrence, and survival...
December 12, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234899/correction-to-ten-year-results-of-accelerated-hypofractionated-adjuvant-whole-breast-radiation-with-concomitant-boost-to-the-lumpectomy-cavity-after-conserving-surgery-for-early-breast-cancer
#13
Domenico Cante, Edoardo Petrucci, Piera Sciacero, Cristina Piva, Silvia Ferrario, Silvia Bagnera, Sebastiano Patania, Guido Mondini, Massimo Pasquino, Valeria Casanova Borca, Giorgio Vellani, Maria Rosa La Porta, Pierfrancesco Franco
An error inadvertently occurred in the discussion of the original publication when citing the local relapse rates of the EORTC 22881-10882 trial ('boost vs no boost trial').
December 12, 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234813/hormone-therapy-for-the-primary-prevention-of-chronic-conditions-in-postmenopausal-women-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#14
Gerald Gartlehner, Sheila V Patel, Cynthia Feltner, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Rachel Long, Kelly Mullican, Erin Boland, Linda Lux, Meera Viswanathan
Importance: Postmenopausal status coincides with increased risks for chronic conditions such as heart disease, osteoporosis, cognitive impairment, or some types of cancers. Previously, hormone therapy was used for the primary prevention of these chronic conditions. Objective: To update evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force on the benefits and harms of hormone therapy in reducing risks for chronic conditions. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and trial registries from June 1, 2011, through August 1, 2016...
December 12, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234720/radiation-induced-circumscribed-superficial-morphea-after-brachytherapy-for-endometrial-adenocarcinoma
#15
Apoorva Trivedi, Corey M DeWitt, Laura McGevna
Radiation-induced morphea (RIM) is a rare and underrecognized complication of radiation therapy that most commonly occurs in women after treatment for breast cancer. Although not fully understood, RIM is hypothesized to arise from an increase in cytokines that stimulate collagen production and extracellular matrix formation. Most documented cases of RIM occur 1 year after radiation therapy and are localized to areas that were treated for breast cancer. We report on a case of a female patient with stage IB endometrial adenocarcinoma who was treated with 24 Gray of adjuvant brachytherapy...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234713/promoting-early-detection-of-melanoma-during-the-mammography-experience
#16
A K Rzepecki, N Jain, Y Ali, L Chavez, J Choi, B Schlosser, E Liko-Hazizi, S M Friedewald, J K Robinson
Background: Invasive melanoma, a lethal form of skin cancer, is the seventh most common cancer in women. Factors such as a history of indoor tanning or sunburn and a personal or family history of skin cancer increase a woman's risk of developing a melanoma. Objective: Because the majority of melanomas occur in patients age 40 years or older, which is the age that is recommended for women to begin screening mammograms, the mammogram experience could be used to promote early detection of melanoma by introducing skin self-examinations (SSE) to a population of women who are already invested in preventive health...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234591/reproductive-hormone-analyses-and-effects-of-adjuvant-zoledronic-acid-in-early-breast-cancer-an-azure-big-01-04-sub-study
#17
Caroline Wilson, Samantha Hinsley, Helen Marshall, David Cameron, Richard Bell, David Dodwell, Robert E Coleman
Purpose: Adjuvant bisphosphonates have been shown to improve disease outcomes in early breast cancer in women who are postmenopausal at the start of treatment. We explored the influence of pretreatment serum levels of reproductive hormones in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis from a subset of patients included in the AZURE trial to investigate their impact on disease recurrence and whether reproductive hormone measurements are of value in selecting patients for treatment with adjuvant zoledronic acid...
November 2017: Journal of Bone Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233615/diet-quality-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-pilot-study-data
#18
Tonya S Orchard, Rebecca R Andridge, Lisa D Yee, Maryam B Lustberg
BACKGROUND: Modifiable lifestyle factors, such as diet quality, could reduce inflammation and improve quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors, but data are inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether diet quality, as measured by Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score, is associated with inflammation, health status, or functional outcomes affecting QOL in survivors of early-stage breast cancer. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional, secondary analysis of baseline data collected from breast cancer survivors after completion of primary therapy and before random assignment to a pilot nutritional intervention aimed at reducing side effects of aromatase inhibitor treatment...
December 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233548/the-impact-of-actual-body-weight-based-chemotherapy-dosing-and-body-size-on-adverse-events-and-outcome-in-older-patients-with-breast-cancer-results-from-cancer-and-leukemia-group-b-calgb-trial-49907-alliance-a151436
#19
Vicki A Morrison, Linda McCall, Hyman B Muss, Aminah Jatoi, Harvey J Cohen, Constance T Cirrincione, Jennifer A Ligibel, Jacqueline M Lafky, Arti Hurria
OBJECTIVE: Actual weight-based (AWB) chemotherapy dosing is recommended for obese patients in the 2012 ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline. CALGB 49907, which utilized ABW-based adjuvant chemotherapy dosing, was a phase 3 trial in women age≥65years with early stage breast cancer, providing the opportunity to examine impact of such dosing on toxicities and outcome in older patients with breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adverse event data were available for 615 of 633 enrolled patients...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233522/subcutaneous-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-a-modern-challenge-in-postmastectomy-radiation-planning
#20
Melissa P Mitchell, Jamie Wagner, James Butterworth
PURPOSE: A growing trend in breast reconstruction has been placement of tissue expanders in the pre pectoral space. This is a change from the practice of placement under the pectoralis major with or without an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) sling. The move toward pre pectoral placement with an ADM wrap has the intent of decreasing post-operative pain and decreasing animation deformities. The cosmesis of pre pectoral reconstructions in the setting of post mastectomy radiation has also appeared improved in our early experience, when compared to submuscular reconstructions...
September 8, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
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