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María J Serrano-Fernández, Joan Boada-Grau, Carme Gil-Ripoll, Andreu Vigil-Colet
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have pointed to a relationship between personality variables, engagement, and the lifestyle of workers with workaholism. Our goal in the present study is to carry out a predictive study of the pre-existing variables for workaholism.  Method : The study sample participants were 513 workers (48.1 % men, 51.9 % women), obtained through non-probability sampling. The programmes used were FACTOR (7.2 version) and SPSS 20.0. RESULTS: We found that personality variables such as engagement, self-efficacy, obsessive-compulsive component (ICO), satisfaction with life and lifestyle were predictive of workaholism...
November 2016: Psicothema
A Perciaccante, M A Riva, A Coralli, P Charlier, R Bianucci
Overweight, workaholic, and a caffeine abuser, Honoré de Balzac lived a life of excess. He prematurely died at the age of 51 owing to gangrene associated with congestive heart failure. Textual sources allow us to take a glimpse into his last 3 months of life. Because of ventricular hypertrophy, Balzac's respiratory conditions were appalling and he developed severe leg edemas and possibly stasis dermatitis. Here we report on Balzac's demise and provide first evidence of a pioneering medical treatment applied to save his life: the use of a trocar to drain leg edema...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Jan Chodkiewicz, Mateusz Hauk
BACKGROUND: Analyzes of negative consequences of workaholism are ambiguous, and various studies have been conducted with different measurement tools. Thus, the objective of the current research was to find the answer to the question about relationships between workaholism measured with varied tools and mental health, stress experienced in life and at work, negative affect, and work-family conflicts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of 178 subjects (71 men, 107 women, aged 23-66), with a minimum work experience of 4 years...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Joan Boada-Grau, José Carlos Sánchez-García, Eric Viardot, Maria Boada-Cuerva, Andreu Vigil-Colet
Entrepreneurship is linked to the perception of opportunities, to orientation, to attitudes, to the fear of failure and to entrepreneurial motivations. Entrepreneurial orientation is a fundamental construct for understanding the phenomenon of entrepreneurship. What is more, it is multidimensional and has attracted considerable attention from researchers in recent years. The objective of this study was to adapt the original 12-item English scale to Spanish and to analyze its psychometric properties. The participants in the present study were 925 Spanish employees (48...
2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Angela Beiler-May, Rachel L Williamson, Malissa A Clark, Nathan T Carter
Past research suggests gender differences in workaholism might be due to differences in how men and women respond to the item content in workaholism measures. Using item response theory differential item functioning, we show women are less likely to report some workaholism items, leading to contamination. Specifically, women are less likely to report spending more time at work than other activities, and staying at work longer than others. We speculate that societal norms and practical restrictions on women's time results in lower endorsement rates for these items compared to men, and thus underestimates their workaholism...
July 13, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Greta Mazzetti, Roberta Biolcati, Dina Guglielmi, Caryn Vallesi, Wilmar B Schaufeli
The first purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of individual characteristics, i.e., positive and negative affectivity, in explaining the different perception of job control and job demands in a particularly demanding environment such as the healthcare setting. In addition, we aimed to explore the mediational role of work engagement and workaholism using the Job Demands-Resources Model as a theoretical framework. Data were collected using a sample of 269 Italian head physicians working in nine general hospitals...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Mark D Griffiths, Rajita Sinha, Jørn Hetland, Ståle Pallesen
Despite the many number of studies examining workaholism, large-scale studies have been lacking. The present study utilized an open web-based cross-sectional survey assessing symptoms of psychiatric disorders and workaholism among 16,426 workers (Mage = 37.3 years, SD = 11.4, range = 16-75 years). Participants were administered the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, the Obsession-Compulsive Inventory-Revised, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Bergen Work Addiction Scale, along with additional questions examining demographic and work-related variables...
2016: PloS One
V Hogan, M Hogan, M Hodgins
BACKGROUND: Workaholism is recognized as a health risk for academics given the open-ended nature of academic work; however, current prevalence rates of workaholism in the academic setting are unknown. AIMS: To assess the prevalence of workaholism within academics and determine the impact of workaholism on psychological well-being, work-life conflict, work-life fit, job satisfaction and perceived work effort. METHODS: Academics in three Irish universities completed a survey including measures of workaholism, psychological well-being, work-life conflict and job satisfaction...
August 2016: Occupational Medicine
Takeo Fujiwara, Akihito Shimazu, Masahito Tokita, Kyoko Shimada, Masaya Takahashi, Izumi Watai, Noboru Iwata, Norito Kawakami
The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between parental workaholism and child body mass index (BMI) among Japanese dual-income families. In 2011, 379 dual-income families from urban Tokyo with children aged 0-5 years were recruited for a baseline survey, and 160 (42.2%) were followed up in 2012. Demographics, workaholism, work demands, work control, time spent with children, and parental and child weights and heights were assessed using a questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was performed to determine the association between maternal and paternal workaholism in 2011 and child BMI in 2012, considering the mediating effects of time spent with children...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Cristina Quinones, Mark D Griffiths
Workaholism was first conceptualized in the early 1970s as a behavioral addiction, featuring compulsive use and interpersonal conflict. The current article briefly examines the empirical and theoretical literature over the past four decades. In relation to conceptualization and measurement, how the concept of workaholism has worsened from using dimensions based on anecdotal evidence, ad-hoc measures with weak theoretical foundation, and poor factorial validity of multidimensional conceptualizations is highlighted...
October 2015: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Monica Molino, Arnold B Bakker, Chiara Ghislieri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study tries to gain more insight in workaholism by investigating its antecedents and consequences using the job demands-resources model. DESIGN: We hypothesized that job demands would be positively related to workaholism, particularly when job resources are low. In addition, we hypothesized that workaholism would be positively related to negative outcomes in three important life domains: health, family, and work. METHODS: The research involved 617 Italian workers (employees and self-employed)...
July 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Jari Hakanen, Maria Peeters
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term relationships between work engagement, workaholism, work-to-family enrichment, and work-to-family conflict (WFC). METHODS: We used structural equation modeling and the three-wave 7-year follow-up data of 1580 Finnish dentists to test our hypotheses. RESULTS: Work engagement and work-to-family enrichment mutually predicted each other, and work engagement also negatively predicted WFC. Workaholism predicted WFC, but not vice versa...
June 2015: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Diana Malinowska, Sabina Staszczyk, Aleksandra Tokarz
Due to numerous psychological and health costs, the issue of workaholism requires taking appropriate actions by relevant specialists, including occupational medicine services. This paper presents the criteria and indicators used to diagnose this phenomenon, as well as the review of literature that discusses interventions aimed at preventing workaholism and reducing risk factors, workaholism detection and treatment. The review included 17 scientific publications from the science database Academic Search Complete, which met the basic criterion: the presentation of an intervention aimed directly at reducing workaholism/work addiction, not its side effects...
2015: Medycyna Pracy
Paweł A Atroszko, Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Mark D Griffiths, Ståle Pallesen
AIMS: Recent research has suggested that for some individuals, educational studying may become compulsive and excessive and lead to 'study addiction'. The present study conceptualized and assessed study addiction within the framework of workaholism, defining it as compulsive over-involvement in studying that interferes with functioning in other domains and that is detrimental for individuals and/or their environment. METHODS: The Bergen Study Addiction Scale (BStAS) was tested - reflecting seven core addiction symptoms (salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, conflict, relapse, and problems) - related to studying...
June 2015: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Yingzhi Nie, Haitao Sun
This study focuses on the relationships of workaholism to job burnout and depression of university teachers. The direct and indirect (via job burnout) effects of workaholism on depression were investigated in 412 Chinese university teachers. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap method were used. Results revealed that workaholism, job burnout, and depression significantly correlated with each other. Structural equation modeling and bootstrap test indicated the partial mediation role of job burnout on the relationship between workaholism and depression...
October 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Jane B Lemaire, Jean E Wallace
BACKGROUND: Certain personalities are ascribed to physicians. This research aims to measure the extent to which physicians identify with three predetermined personalities (workaholic, Type A and control freak) and to explore links to perceptions of professional performance, and wellness outcomes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a mail-out questionnaire sent to all practicing physicians (2957 eligible, 1178 responses, 40% response rate) in a geographical health region within a western Canadian province...
2014: BMC Health Services Research
Johanna Rantanen, Taru Feldt, Jari J Hakanen, Katja Kokko, Mari Huhtala, Lea Pulkkinen, Wilmar Schaufeli
The present study investigated the factor structure of the 10-item version of the Dutch Work Addiction Scale (DUWAS). The DUWAS-10 is intended to measure workaholism with two correlated factors: working excessively (WE) and working compulsively (WC). The factor structure of the DUWAS-10 was examined among multi-occupational samples from the Netherlands (n=9,010) and Finland (n=4,567) using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). CFAs revealed that the expected correlated two-factor solution showed satisfactory fit to the data...
2015: Industrial Health
Hubert Poppe
Internet addiction, a non-substantial addiction, is to be regarded as a highly complex mental disorder which requires complex and diverse treatment options. Initially smiled at, it shows, if it were severe, a typical addictive behaviour pattern, similar to pathological gambling, oniomanie and workaholism. In the International Classification of mental disorders (ICD-10) only pathological gambling in the category of impulse control disorders (F63.0) is specified.
December 2014: Psychiatria Danubina
Kamila Wojdylo, Nicola Baumann, Lis Fischbach, Stefan Engeser
OBJECTIVE: According to the theory of work craving, a workaholic has a craving for self-worth compensatory incentives and an expectation of relief from negative affect experienced through neurotic perfectionism and an obsessive-compulsive style of working. Research has shown that workaholism and work engagement should be considered as two distinct work styles with different health consequences. However, the mechanisms underlying the adoption of these work styles have been neglected. The present study proposes that work craving and work engagement are differentially associated with self-regulatory competencies and health...
2014: PloS One
Hilde H Midje, Ingunn T Nafstad, Jonn Syse, Steffen Torp
OBJECTIVE: To provide empirical knowledge about the antecedents and outcomes of workaholism among municipal middle managers within the framework of the job demands-resources model. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire to collect cross-sectional data (n = 118) on job demands, job resources, work engagement, workaholism, and mental health problems. RESULTS: Workaholism correlated positively with both work engagement and mental health problems...
October 2014: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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