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Greta Mazzetti, Michela Vignoli, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Dina Guglielmi
The current study examined the mediating effect of presenteeism and moderating effect of managerial support in the relation between workaholism and work-family conflict. A sample of 1065 white-collar employees from an Italian company filled in an online survey and hypotheses were tested using a bootstrapping procedure. Results showed that presenteeism mediated the association between workaholism and work-family conflict. Moreover, the mediating effect of presenteeism was moderated by managerial support: for employees reporting lower levels of support workaholism was stronger related to presenteeism than for those experiencing higher support...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Keiko Yamada, Kenta Wakaizumi, Kyosuke Fukai, Hiroyasu Iso, Tomotaka Sobue, Masahiko Shibata, Ko Matsudaira
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to identify the prevalence, influence, and risk factors associated with chronic pain among Japanese industry workers. METHODS: We investigated 2,544 participants working at a manufacturing company A, a manufacturing company B, and 16 branch shops of a retail chain company C. The participants responded to self-administered questionnaires related to pain. Furthermore, data obtained from the lifestyle interview sheet of an annual health screening examination and those obtained from the questionnaires were merged...
July 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
Takahiko Yoshimoto, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Tomoko Fujii, Katsuhiko Masuda, Sakae Tanaka, Ko Matsudaira
BACKGROUND: Although the occupational health field has identified psychosocial factors as risk factors for low back pain that causes disability, the association between disabling low back pain and psychosocial factors has not been examined adequately in Japanese hospital workers. Therefore, this study examined the association between low back pain, which interfered with work, and psychosocial factors in Japanese hospital workers. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a hospital in Japan...
2017: PloS One
Gülseren Keskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo M P Demarzo, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Workaholism is a form of behavioral addiction that can lead to reduced life and job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout, work-family conflict, and impaired productivity. Given the number of people affected, there is a need for more targeted workaholism treatments. Findings from previous case studies successfully utilizing second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) for treating behavioral addiction suggest that SG-MBIs may be suitable for treating workaholism. This study conducted a controlled trial to investigate the effects of an SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT) on workaholism...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Andrea Gragnano, Massimo Miglioretti, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
PURPOSE: This study presented the construct of Work-Health Balance (WHB) and the design and validation of the Work-Health Balance Questionnaire (WHBq). More and more workers have a long-standing health problem or disability (LSHPD). The management of health needs and work demands is crucial for the quality of working life and work retention of these workers. However, no instrument exists measuring this process. The WHBq assesses key factors in the process of adjusting between health needs and work demands...
March 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
Jari J Hakanen, Maria C W Peeters, Wilmar B Schaufeli
We used and integrated the circumplex model of affect (Russell, 1980) and the conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1998) to hypothesize how various types of employee well-being, which can be differentiated on theoretical grounds (i.e., work engagement, job satisfaction, burnout, and workaholism), may differently predict various job crafting behaviors (i.e., increasing structural and social resources and challenging demands, and decreasing hindering demands) and each other over time. At Time 1, we measured employee well-being, and 4 years later at Time 2, job crafting and well-being, using a large sample of Finnish dentists (N = 1,877)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Anika Susanne Schulz, Jessica Bloom, Ulla Kinnunen
Adequate energy management during the working day is essential for employees to remain healthy and vital. Research has investigated which energy management strategies are frequently used and which are most beneficial, but the results are inconclusive and research is still scarce. We aim to extend the current knowledge by considering individual differences in terms of working compulsively (as key feature of workaholism) with regard to energy management. Data were collected with an online survey in 1,253 employees from 12 different organizations...
June 8, 2017: Industrial Health
Kamila Wojdylo, Wilhelm Karlsson, Nicola Baumann
Background The theory of work craving defines workaholism as a pathological work addiction which comprises: (a) obsessive-compulsive desire to work, (b) anticipation of self-worth compensatory incentives from working, (c) anticipation of reduction of negative emotions or withdrawal symptoms from working, and (d) neurotic perfectionism. Research has shown that workaholism is associated with adverse health outcomes. However, the antecedents of workaholism and the causal direction of the relationship with health have been largely neglected...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
María J Serrano-Fernández, Joan Boada-Grau, Carme Gil-Ripoll, Andreu Vigil-Colet
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have pointed to a relationship between personality variables, engagement, and the lifestyle of workers with workaholism. Our goal in the present study is to carry out a predictive study of the pre-existing variables for workaholism.  Method : The study sample participants were 513 workers (48.1 % men, 51.9 % women), obtained through non-probability sampling. The programmes used were FACTOR (7.2 version) and SPSS 20.0. RESULTS: We found that personality variables such as engagement, self-efficacy, obsessive-compulsive component (ICO), satisfaction with life and lifestyle were predictive of workaholism...
November 2016: Psicothema
A Perciaccante, M A Riva, A Coralli, P Charlier, R Bianucci
Overweight, workaholic, and a caffeine abuser, Honoré de Balzac lived a life of excess. He prematurely died at the age of 51 owing to gangrene associated with congestive heart failure. Textual sources allow us to take a glimpse into his last 3 months of life. Because of ventricular hypertrophy, Balzac's respiratory conditions were appalling and he developed severe leg edemas and possibly stasis dermatitis. Here we report on Balzac's demise and provide first evidence of a pioneering medical treatment applied to save his life: the use of a trocar to drain leg edema...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Jan Chodkiewicz, Mateusz Hauk
BACKGROUND: Analyzes of negative consequences of workaholism are ambiguous, and various studies have been conducted with different measurement tools. Thus, the objective of the current research was to find the answer to the question about relationships between workaholism measured with varied tools and mental health, stress experienced in life and at work, negative affect, and work-family conflicts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of 178 subjects (71 men, 107 women, aged 23-66), with a minimum work experience of 4 years...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Joan Boada-Grau, José Carlos Sánchez-García, Eric Viardot, Maria Boada-Cuerva, Andreu Vigil-Colet
Entrepreneurship is linked to the perception of opportunities, to orientation, to attitudes, to the fear of failure and to entrepreneurial motivations. Entrepreneurial orientation is a fundamental construct for understanding the phenomenon of entrepreneurship. What is more, it is multidimensional and has attracted considerable attention from researchers in recent years. The objective of this study was to adapt the original 12-item English scale to Spanish and to analyze its psychometric properties. The participants in the present study were 925 Spanish employees (48...
July 25, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Angela Beiler-May, Rachel L Williamson, Malissa A Clark, Nathan T Carter
Past research suggests gender differences in workaholism might be due to differences in how men and women respond to the item content in workaholism measures. Using item response theory differential item functioning, we show women are less likely to report some workaholism items, leading to contamination. Specifically, women are less likely to report spending more time at work than other activities, and staying at work longer than others. We speculate that societal norms and practical restrictions on women's time results in lower endorsement rates for these items compared to men, and thus underestimates their workaholism...
January 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
Greta Mazzetti, Roberta Biolcati, Dina Guglielmi, Caryn Vallesi, Wilmar B Schaufeli
The first purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of individual characteristics, i.e., positive and negative affectivity, in explaining the different perception of job control and job demands in a particularly demanding environment such as the healthcare setting. In addition, we aimed to explore the mediational role of work engagement and workaholism using the Job Demands-Resources Model as a theoretical framework. Data were collected using a sample of 269 Italian head physicians working in nine general hospitals...
June 6, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cecilie Schou Andreassen, Mark D Griffiths, Rajita Sinha, Jørn Hetland, Ståle Pallesen
Despite the many number of studies examining workaholism, large-scale studies have been lacking. The present study utilized an open web-based cross-sectional survey assessing symptoms of psychiatric disorders and workaholism among 16,426 workers (Mage = 37.3 years, SD = 11.4, range = 16-75 years). Participants were administered the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale, the Obsession-Compulsive Inventory-Revised, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Bergen Work Addiction Scale, along with additional questions examining demographic and work-related variables...
2016: PloS One
V Hogan, M Hogan, M Hodgins
BACKGROUND: Workaholism is recognized as a health risk for academics given the open-ended nature of academic work; however, current prevalence rates of workaholism in the academic setting are unknown. AIMS: To assess the prevalence of workaholism within academics and determine the impact of workaholism on psychological well-being, work-life conflict, work-life fit, job satisfaction and perceived work effort. METHODS: Academics in three Irish universities completed a survey including measures of workaholism, psychological well-being, work-life conflict and job satisfaction...
August 2016: Occupational Medicine
Takeo Fujiwara, Akihito Shimazu, Masahito Tokita, Kyoko Shimada, Masaya Takahashi, Izumi Watai, Noboru Iwata, Norito Kawakami
The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between parental workaholism and child body mass index (BMI) among Japanese dual-income families. In 2011, 379 dual-income families from urban Tokyo with children aged 0-5 years were recruited for a baseline survey, and 160 (42.2%) were followed up in 2012. Demographics, workaholism, work demands, work control, time spent with children, and parental and child weights and heights were assessed using a questionnaire. Structural equation modeling was performed to determine the association between maternal and paternal workaholism in 2011 and child BMI in 2012, considering the mediating effects of time spent with children...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Cristina Quinones, Mark D Griffiths
Workaholism was first conceptualized in the early 1970s as a behavioral addiction, featuring compulsive use and interpersonal conflict. The current article briefly examines the empirical and theoretical literature over the past four decades. In relation to conceptualization and measurement, how the concept of workaholism has worsened from using dimensions based on anecdotal evidence, ad-hoc measures with weak theoretical foundation, and poor factorial validity of multidimensional conceptualizations is highlighted...
October 2015: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Monica Molino, Arnold B Bakker, Chiara Ghislieri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study tries to gain more insight in workaholism by investigating its antecedents and consequences using the job demands-resources model. DESIGN: We hypothesized that job demands would be positively related to workaholism, particularly when job resources are low. In addition, we hypothesized that workaholism would be positively related to negative outcomes in three important life domains: health, family, and work. METHODS: The research involved 617 Italian workers (employees and self-employed)...
July 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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